Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 136
1 2 3 >
Hall N J - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report the scope, feasibility and learning experience of operating on neonates on the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: (1) Review of all NICU operations performed by general neonatal surgeons over 10 years; (2) 6-month prospective comparison of procedures performed in NICU or operating room; (3) structured interviews with ...
Pamphlett Roger - - 2012
Studies in the northern hemisphere suggest that the numbers of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) births vary depending on the season of the year. We wished to determine if a southern hemisphere study would show the same seasonal changes, and whether particular weather conditions were associated with the numbers of ALS ...
Kanady Jesica A JA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, - - 2012
The salivary glands of adults concentrate nitrate from plasma into saliva where it is converted to nitrite by bacterial nitrate reductases. Nitrite can play a beneficial role in adult gastrointestinal and cardiovascular physiology. When nitrite is swallowed, some of it is converted to nitric oxide (NO) in the stomach and ...
Li Jia - - 2012
A new and simple method for the quantitative determination of bovine lactoferrin (Lf) in infant formula by capillary electrophoresis with ultraviolet (CE-UV) detection was established. Effective sample pre-treatment and the addition of buffer additive to the running buffer played key roles in the accurate assay of the Lf in infant ...
Denison Stephanie - - 2012
How do people make rich inferences from such sparse data? Recent research has explored this inferential ability by investigating probabilistic reasoning in infancy. For example, 8- and 11-month-old infants can make inferences from samples to populations and vice versa (Denison & Xu, 2010a; Xu & Denison, 2009; Xu & Garcia, ...
Peng Niang-Huei - - 2012
The purpose of this research was to describe conditions of decision making for dying infants and cultural effects on the process of infant death in the neonatal intensive care unit. A retrospective chart review was used in this research. Fifty charts were reviewed; the major cause of death for the ...
Zhang Jingshun - - 2012
The determination of α-lactalbumin in various dairy products attracts wide attention in multidiscipline fields because of its nutritional and biological functions. In the present study, we quantified the bovine α-lactalbumin in various infant formulas and whey protein concentrates using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometer in multiple ...
Carbonell-Barrachina Angel A - - 2012
Spanish gluten-free rice, cereals with gluten, and pureed baby foods were analysed for total (t-As) and inorganic As (i-As) using ICP-MS and HPLC-ICP-MS, respectively. Besides, pure infant rice from China, USA, UK and Spain were also analysed. The i-As contents were significantly higher in gluten-free rice than in cereals mixtures ...
Schulling Sharon - - 2012
This article briefly overviews the criteria for and physiological process of death, contrasting physical death with biblical passages revealing how God interceded in this universal process when Jesus was on earth.
Gallagher Thomas Q - - 2012
Suprastomal granuloma is one of the most common sequelae of pediatric tracheotomy. Numerous different techniques have been described for their removal including endoscopic and open procedures. The following chapter discusses the intraoperative techniques for open removal of suprastomal granuloma in infants.
Bjelakovic Bojko - - 2011
: Supraventricular paroxysmal tachycardias are the most common paroxysmal rhythm disorders in childhood. Atypical clinical presentations as well as their ability to induce hemodynamic deterioration imply necessity for arrhythmia rapid termination during the first months of life. The objective of this article was to evaluate the efficiency of deep nasopharyngeal ...
Day James B - - 2011
Powdered infant formula has previously been linked to the transmission of various bacterial pathogens in infants resulting in life-threatening disease and death. Survival studies of 2 common foodborne pathogens, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and Shigella dysenteriae, in powdered infant formula have not been previously studied despite the potentially devastating consequences from ingestion of ...
Gien Jason - - 2011
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease of infancy affecting mostly premature infants with significant morbidity and mortality. Improved survival of very immature infants has led to increased numbers of infants with this disorder. Acute and chronic lung injury and impaired postnatal lung growth are thought to be responsible ...
Lim Kyung-Jee - - 2011
Background: If lung deflation increases the distance from the subclavian vein (SCV) to the pleura and the diameter of the vein, it might decrease the risk of pneumothorax and increase the success rate of subclavian venous cannulation. We evaluated the effect of lung deflation on the distance from the SCV ...
Al-Saleh Suhail - - 2011
High-flow hepatic vascular anomalies with arteriovenous shunting commonly manifest during the neonatal period with signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure, but to our knowledge, they have never been described in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). We report here our experience with 3 patients with hepatic arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) ...
Horii Kimberly A - - 2011
  Multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas have been associated with hepatic hemangiomas. Screening of infants with five or more cutaneous infantile hemangiomas with abdominal ultrasound is often recommended. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency with which hepatic hemangiomas occur in infants with five or more cutaneous infantile ...
Cohen David E - - 2011
Objective:  Review our institutional experience with an alternative to fiberoptic-guided endobronchial intubation. Aim:  The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to present our experience with the use of fluoroscopy to facilitate endobronchial lung isolation in infants undergoing thoracoscopic procedures. Background:  Anesthesiologists are more frequently being asked to anesthetize infants ...
Miedema Martijn - - 2011
RATIONALE: The immediate and regional effects of exogenous surfactant in open lung high-frequency oscillatory ventilated (HFOV) preterm infants are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess regional changes in lung volume, mechanics and ventilation during and after surfactant administration in HFOV preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: Using electrical impedance tomography, ...
Justice Frances A - - 2011
Aim:  Clinical features to identify infants at increased risk of recurrence after a primary episode of intussusception (IS) are poorly defined. Methods:  Prospective study of the clinical presentation, treatment and outcome in infants <2 years presenting with acute IS to the National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, over a 14-month period (1 ...
Sykes Joseph A - - 2011
A 5-month-old female infant presented with new-onset acute lymphoblastic leukemia and hyperleukocytosis with white blood cell count of 352 × 10 cells/L. She developed sinus pauses and hypoxemic respiratory failure. A manual single volume exchange blood transfusion was done with complete resolution of sinus pauses and hypoxemia.
Ho Lawrence Y - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To report on the authors' experience with presentation and management of prematurely born infants who do not fully vascularize after 45 weeks of postmenstrual age (PMA). METHODS:: Retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series consisting of premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) who were treated with laser ablation after 45 ...
Tsai Ming-Horng - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical experiences and cytogenetic findings of transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) in neonates with and without Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: GATA1 gene was screened in DNA samples from neonates presenting with TMD during their leukemic and remission status. RESULTS: Six neonates (2 phenotypically normal and 4 DS) born ...
Ikeda Hiroyuki - - 2011
Pregnancy in women with diabetes is associated with a higher risk of perinatal complications. In particular, infants of diabetic mothers frequently suffer from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), which is a leading cause of death in preterm infants and is considered to be primarily due to hyperinsulinemia in infants in response ...
Ozkiraz S - - 2010
We report a newborn with hyperekplexia and uncontrolled tonic spasms which did not respond to intravenous phenobarbitone and phenytoin, and midazolam infusion. Serum biochemistry, electrocardiography, electroencephalography, lumbar puncture and neuroimaging were normal. Continuous cardiac monitoring revealed that tonic spasm episodes were accompanied by sinus node paucity and severe bradycardia. Duration ...
Deiva K - - 2010
Tuberculous meningitis is uncommon in western countries and its outcome is poor when it is not diagnosed and treated in good time. Here, we present a case of febrile brain stroke revealing a tuberculous arachnoiditis in a 13-month-old infant living in a non-endemic country. Thanks to prompt specific antibiotherapy, the ...
Iacona Gabriele M - - 2011
We report the case of an intrapericardial teratoma, a rare tumour in infants, prenatally diagnosed and successfully treated thanks to a multidisciplinary approach. An intrapericardial cystic mass (2.5 cm) with pericardial effusion was identified in a foetus at 32 weeks gestational age (GA). Intrauterine pericardiocentesis was performed immediately (40 ml) and repeated at ...
Feige A M - - 2011
Premature ejaculation (PE) is the most common form of male sexual dysfunction, with an estimated worldwide prevalence of 20–30%.1 Although PE is not life threatening, it has significant impact on quality of life. The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)defines PE as “persistent or ...
Landgren Kajsa - - 2010
To investigate whether acupuncture reduces the duration and intensity of crying in infants with colic. Patients and methods 90 otherwise healthy infants, 2-8 weeks old, with infantile colic were randomised in this controlled blind study. 81 completed a structured programme consisting of six visits during 3 weeks to an acupuncture ...
Wiberg Karin R - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate if the outcome of excessively crying infants treated with chiropractic manipulation (1) was associated with age and/or (2), at least partially, can be explained by age according to the natural decline in crying. This was a retrospective evaluation of clinical records of ...
Yalçin S Songül - - 2010
We aimed to analyse infant (birth characteristics, feeding type, faecal enzyme activities) and environmental (maternal smoking, nutrition and psychological status, mother-child bonding, family structure, support for the mother, familial atopy) risk factors for infant colic and to follow infants with respect to physical growth, sleeping status up to 8 months ...
Dupont C - - 2010
Studies undertaken with alpha-lactalbumin-enriched formulae never addressed infants with colic. This study evaluated the nutritional adequacy, the gastrointestinal tolerance and the effect on colic of an alpha-lactalbumin-enriched and probiotic-supplemented formula. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study enrolled 66 healthy infants with colic, aged 3 weeks to 3 months, fed during 1 month ...
Tierney Emily P - - 2010
Kwashiorkor is a type of protein-calorie malnutrition often seen in children of impoverished countries and famine. The condition occurs in the setting of insufficient protein intake in the presence of sufficient caloric intake. We report a case of a 8-month-old male infant in the suburban Detroit, MI, USA who presented ...
Aviner Shraga - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: An apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) caused by ingestion of drugs or toxins has been reported rarely among infants. None of these agents was homeopathic medication. We report 11 infants who presented with an ALTE after ingestion of Gali-col Baby, a homeopathic agent indicated for "infantile colic." METHODS: A retrospective ...
- - 2010
If the iris ports or access ports on infant incubators are not sufficiently secure, infants may work their way through the ports and fall. To reduce this risk, users should make sure that the ports are closed securely following each use. When possible, users should pass tubing through the incubator ...
Chan Annie - - 2010
The authors describe retinal findings in an immature infant consuming simethicone, a common over-the-counter drug used in the treatment of colic. The lesions are most consistent with an embolic phenomenon possibly from systemic absorption of a medication such as simethicone.
Miller Joyce E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Investigation into the alleviation of long-term effects of infant colic on the toddler is a neglected area of research. The aim of this study was to document any behavioral or sleep disturbances experienced by post-colicky toddlers who were previously treated with chiropractic care vs those who had not experienced ...
Hayden Clive - - 2009
In this open, controlled, prospective study, 28 infants with colic were randomized to either cranial osteopathic manipulation or no treatment; all were seen once weekly for 4 weeks. Treatment was according to individual findings, and administered by the same practitioner. Parents recorded time spent crying, sleeping and being held/rocked on ...
Rhoads J Marc - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We explored whether gut inflammation, colonic fermentation, and/or an altered colonic flora could provide a pathophysiological mechanism for colic. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of 36 term infants ranging in age from 14 to 81 days. We measured fecal calprotectin (a marker of neutrophil infiltration) by ELISA; stool ...
Savino F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of intestinal coliform bacteria in colicky vs healthy infants. STUDY DESIGN: We isolated coliform strains from faeces and performed quantitative bacterial cultures in 41 colicky and 39 healthy breastfed infants, identified using PCR with species-specific primers, strain-specific Automated Ribotyping and the API-50E kit for Enterobacteriaceae ...
Ellett Marsha L Cirgin - - 2009
PURPOSE: To elucidate the experience of fathers living with a colicky infant. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Interpretive phenomenology using in-depth interviews with 10 fathers of colicky infants. Reiterative interview reading, repeated meaning unit sorting, going back to the literature, and discussions gave way to emerging themes. FINDINGS: The overall experience ...
Catherine Nicole L A - - 2008
The objective of this study is to determine whether advice in parenting magazines reflects current evidence-based understanding of early infant crying and colic, where (1) "colic" is the upper end of a spectrum of crying behavior reflective of normal infant development, and (2) physical abuse--in particular, shaken baby syndrome (SBS)--is ...
Canivet Catarina A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many parents seek help from health professionals because of their infants' persistent crying in the early months. The aetiology of this condition, often labelled ;;infantile colic'', is still unclear. AIMS: To assess whether smoking during pregnancy, and/or smoking at infant age 5 weeks, is associated with infantile colic, and ...
Gupta Sandeep K - - 2007
Infant colic is a common but poorly defined and understood clinical entity and, while several causative factors have been suggested, a unifying theory of its pathogenesis is still required. Food hypersensitivity/allergy and gut dysmotility are the lead contenders for causative factors of infantile colic. Additional confounders and covariables include psychological ...
Ciftçi Esra Karaca - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Infant colic is a common problem characterized by excessive crying and fussing. There is not a consistent treatment method used to eliminate colic. Mothers make use of various models together to eliminate colic in their infants. This study was carried out to delineate the methods used by mothers to ...
Capasso Raffaele - - 2007
Clinical evidence suggests that the herbal formulation ColiMil (which contains Matricaria recutita flowers extract, Foeniculum vulgare fruit extract and Melissa officinalis aerial parts extract) is effective in the treatment of breastfed colic in infants. Therefore the effect of this phytotherapeutic formulation and its herbal constituents on upper gastrointestinal transit was ...
Savino Francesco - - 2007
Infantile colic is a widespread clinical condition in the first 3 months of life, which is easily recognized, but incompletely understood and difficult to solve. The available evidence suggests that infantile colic might have several independent causes. The medical hypotheses include food hypersensitivity or allergy, immaturity of gut function and ...
Cetinkaya Bengü - - 2007
The Infant Colic Scale is used to diagnose colic and to determine factors that cause colic. This study aimed to establish the validity and reliability of the Infant Colic Scale for the Turkish population. The research sample included mothers (N = 110) of 132 infants with colic registered at three ...
Savino Francesco - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to test the hypothesis that oral administration of Lactobacillus reuteri in a prospective randomized study would improve symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Ninety breastfed colicky infants were assigned randomly to receive either the probiotic L. reuteri (10(8) live bacteria per day) or simethicone (60 mg/day) each ...
Lucassen Peter - - 2007
Infantile colic causes one in six families (17%) with children to consult a health professional. One systematic review of 15 community-based studies found a wide variation in prevalence, which depended on study design and method of recording. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the ...
Meydanli M Mutlu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of meconium-stained amniotic fluid and umbilical cord plasma motilin levels on the development of infantile colic. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred forty pregnant women referred to our department for labor care were enrolled in the study. All subjects were laboring women with singleton, vertex-presenting fetuses, with ...
1 2 3 >