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Results 101 - 136 of 136
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Lehtonen L - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To determine the occurrence of infantile colic and its seasonal variation in an unselected population and to evaluate the amounts of crying in colicky infants and noncolicky controls. DESIGN: Questionnaire survey and a prospective substudy of parental diaries of crying. SETTING: All families with a full-term, healthy-born infant in ...
Lehtonen L - - 1994
We evaluated gallbladder contractility in 58 colicky infants and 57 age-matched controls. Gallbladder size was measured before and 1 h after feeding and the contraction index of the gallbladder was calculated. The results showed decreased contractility of the gallbladder in colicky infants: mean contraction index in colicky infants was 56% ...
Lehtonen L - - 1994
To find out whether intestinal microflora in colicky infants is different from that in noncolicky controls, stool samples were collected from colicky infants during colic (n = 55) and at the age of 3 months (n = 46) and compared with samples from age-matched controls (n = 49 and n ...
Proudman C J - - 1993
Faeces samples from 116 horses with colic and 115 non-colic cases were assayed by a centrifugation/floatation method for the presence of tapeworm eggs. Analysis of these data failed to demonstrate an association between tapeworm infection and colic of all types. The data were further analysed according to anatomical site of ...
Weizman Z - - 1993
We evaluated the effect of an herbal tea preparation on infantile colic in a prospective double-blind study. The use of tea eliminated the colic in 19 (57%) of 33 infants, whereas placebo was helpful in only 9 (26%) of 35 (p < 0.01). The mean colic score was significantly improved ...
Pinyerd B J - - 1992
"Persistent" crying has been labeled a developmental crises of parenthood, given the feelings of inadequacy it engenders in new parents. Nearly one of five infants has colic, or more than 700,000 infants in the United States each year. Because there is no "cure" for colic, therapeutic approaches are generally aimed ...
Hill D J - - 1992
The value of a 24-hour distress diary, previously validated against a voice-activated audiotape record, was investigated in 30 infants with colic and 30 control infants. The infants with colic had significantly more distress behavior (300.0 minutes vs 102.5 minutes; p < 0.001), although overlap of duration of distress was noted. ...
Salman B - - 1992
Ileo-colic intussusception was diagnosed in a nine-month-old male infant who presented with abdominal distention, irritability, and bilious vomiting. After reduction of the invaginated segment, a mass measuring one cm was palpated at the antimesenteric border of the terminal ileum. Pathological examination of the mass revealed ectopic pancreatic tissue, which most ...
Barr R G - - 1992
To obtain a controlled empirical description of some of the measurable clinical features of colic in a naturalistic context, 38 infants whose mothers considered crying a problem ("colic") and 38 pair-matched control infants were observed and videotaped at home 10 minutes before and after an evening feed. The parents kept ...
Pinyerd B J - - 1992
This study compared the mental health of 12 mothers who had infants with colic to 12 mothers of infants without colic. Colic was defined as infant fussing/crying of at least 2 hours/day for at least 5 out of 7 days, infant cry high-pitched and pain-sounding, and maternal report of infant ...
Covington C - - 1991
The specific purpose of this investigation was to examine the newborn performance of colic and noncolic infants on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavior Assessment Scale (BNBAS). The sample was composed of 119 firstborn infants from healthy, married, white couples. Data were collected prenatally, during the perinatal period, and postnatally from birth ...
Hardoin R A - - 1991
Eight infants with histories of apnea and cyanosis were referred to the Southwest SIDS Research Institute for evaluation of apparent life threatening events (ALTE). All of the infants had been treated for colic with a 1:1 concentration of dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) and phenobarbital, hyoscyamine sulfate, atropine sulfate and scopolamine hydrobromide (Donnatal). ...
Iacono G - - 1991
To determine the relationship between infantile colic and cow's milk protein intolerance (CMPI) in formula-fed infants, 70 infants (38 male, 32 female) were selected, with mean age 30.2 +/- 21.4 days, with severe colic (duration of crying greater than 4 h per day for 5 days per week). In 50 ...
Pickford E J - - 1991
Colic in infants is a common but short-lived problem. Many different theories and treatment for this distressing ailment have been tried over the years, yet the definitive cure remains elusive. Although the risks associated with the use of atropine and its derivatives are well known, they are still prescribed by ...
Browne G - - 1991
We made a retrospective study of 1770 infants with colic. Of these infants 206 were classified as having severe colic. Six of the infants with severe colic failed to respond to intensive behaviour management and were found to have urinary infection. Later investigation revealed that all six had significant renal ...
Sosland J M - - 1991
We evaluated the effectiveness of SleepTight in the management of infant colic. SleepTight is a device that vibrates the infant's crib to simulate the action of a car traveling at 55 mph. A multiple baseline design across 6 infants was used. Data were collected on infant crying, parental use of ...
Lothe L - - 1990
Two hundred and nineteen infants, consecutively born, took part in a prospective study of infantile colic from birth to 12 weeks of age. The prevalence of infantile colic in this group was 17.4%. S-motilin was studied in 78 term infants (19 with and 59 without infantile colic) at birth (cord ...
Sloman J - - 1990
This study investigates the impact of infantile colic on subsequent development. Infants with a history of colic scored significantly lower on the Mental and Psychomotor scales of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development at age 6 months but there was no significant effect of colic on test performance at later ...
Colon A R - - 1989
Colic begins between the second and sixth week of life and usually abates by the fourth month of life. Crying may occur any time of the day but is most common after the evening feeding. Removal of cow's-milk protein from the diet eliminates colic in 30 percent of infants. Simethicone ...
Miller J J - - 1989
Breath hydrogen excretion as an index of incomplete lactose absorption was measured in 118 healthy infants who were either breast fed or given a formula feed containing lactose, some of whom had colic. Infants with colic (n = 65) were selected on the basis of the mother's report of a ...
Lothe L - - 1989
There are several causes of infantile colic. The aim of this study was to evaluate, under controlled conditions, whether bovine whey proteins can elicit symptoms of infantile colic in colicky formula-fed infants. The mean age for entering the study was 6.4 weeks and the mean age for colic debut was ...
Becker N - - 1988
The efficacy of simethicone (available in liquid form as Mylicon Drops) in the treatment of infant colic was assessed in 51 healthy infants between 2 and 12 weeks of age. The open-label trial consisted of a one-week study period. Care-givers were to report on the infant's response to treatment after ...
Thomas D W - - 1987
The prevalence of colic with respect to the type of milk feeding in the first 17 weeks of life was assessed by questioning the parents of 964 healthy infants aged 2 to 52 weeks. There was a similar prevalence of colic in infants fed human milk (20%), formula (19%), and ...
Lothe L - - 1987
Intestinal hyperperistalsis is one part of the clinical picture in infantile colic. Three gut hormones involved in the regulation of gut motility; motilin, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and gastrin, were measured with the RIA method in: 40 infants with infantile colic, (age 2-22 weeks), 42 healthy age-matched infants, 11 children ...
Hewson P - - 1987
The literature regarding infant colic is critically reviewed. Although there have been a number of theories proposed as to etiology of colic, the literature is characterized by difficulties in definition, methodologic problems, and numerous claims as to both etiology and management that are anecdotal. Infant colic is best conceptualized as ...
Danielsson B - - 1985
The effect of Simethicone on "colicky" (n = 27) infants was tested in a double-blind cross-over study. Three different parameters were used to measure the efficiency of the treatment: interviews, 24-hour records and behavioral observations. No effects of Simethicone on the symptoms of infantile colic could be demonstrated. However, 67% ...
Carey W B - - 1984
This article defines "colic" as excessive crying in young infants and suggests some specific diagnostic criteria. The three main theories of single causes are reviewed: feedings, psychosocial environment, and problems in the infant. In place of these oversimplified explanations, this article proposes an interactional model that considers both intrinsic and ...
Rubin S P - - 1984
In a prospective study of 1019 infant and mother pairs, 268 infants suffered with 'infantile colic'. Significantly more of these were breast fed, supporting the proposed theory of a colic-producing factor in breast milk. Social class and maternal education were not related to the incidence of colic. Seventy-two percent of ...
Karofsky P S - - 1984
Infantile colic must be differentiated from other causes of recurrent irritability in infants. Several causes of colic have been described, including family stress, aerophagia (air swallowing), and the ingestion of iron supplements and cow's milk. Recent studies suggest that the elimination of cow's milk, and in some cases soy milk, ...
Weissbluth M - - 1984
We performed a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of dicyclomine hydrochloride using specific diagnostic criteria for infantile colic: spells of unexplained irritability, agitation, fussiness or crying lasting greater than or equal to 3 hours/day, occurring greater than or equal to 3 days/week, and continuing for greater than or equal ...
Asnes R S - - 1983
Infant colic is an extremely common but poorly understood symptom complex, causing great distress for infant, parents, and physician. Many theories have been suggested to explain this entity, but none are widely accepted. Numerous therapies have been proposed; however, few are helpful. A review of infant colic is presented which ...
Adler S P - - 1981
In a previously healthy 12-week-old male infant with a two-week history of poor feeding, colic, and bloody stools, pseudomembranous colitis developed. No prior antibiotics were administered although the child had received dicyclomine hydrochloride. Clostridium difficile and its toxin were detected in the child's stool. Severe disseminated intravascular coagulopathy developed; the ...
Weissbluth M - - 1981
Frequent awakenings occur in infantile colic acid sleep-related respiratory control disorders. To evaluate the possibility that colic may be associated with impaired respiratory control, prevalence and clinical features of colic among infants who died from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), infants with a clinical diagnosis of Near-Miss Sudden Infant Death ...
O'Donovan J C - - 1979
During five years, 97 young infants with colic were studied. One of us (J. C. O'D.) compared homatropine methylbromide plus phenobarbital in a 20% alcohol solution, and all of the individual components of that solution, to see which was most effective in the symptomatic relief of colic. Regardless of the ...
Taitz L S - - 1971
Artificially-fed 6-week-old infants in the Sheffield region are heavier than would be predicted from their birth weights and show a greatly increased incidence of excessive weight gain. These findings are associated with caloric intakes that exceed the classic 50 calories/lb/day (110 calories/kg/day) with a universal tendency to early feeding with ...
OOMEN H A - - 1953
Infant malnutrition, resulting frequently in the death of children of pre-school age, is a problem requiring urgent solution in Indonesia. Children suffering from malnutrition show a variety of symptoms, the most characteristic being emaciation, growth retardation, liver changes, dyspigmentation of skin and hair, other skin lesions, oedema, muscular wasting, anaemia, ...
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