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Meydanli M Mutlu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of meconium-stained amniotic fluid and umbilical cord plasma motilin levels on the development of infantile colic. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred forty pregnant women referred to our department for labor care were enrolled in the study. All subjects were laboring women with singleton, vertex-presenting fetuses, with ...
Crotteau Charles A - - 2006
Infantile colic, defined as excessive crying in an otherwise healthy baby, is a distressing phenomenon, but there is little evidence to support the many treatments offered. Several small studies report some benefit from use of a hypoallergenic (protein hydrolysate) formula, maternal diet adjustment (focusing on a low-allergen diet), and reduced ...
Savino Francesco - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate serum ghrelin and motilin concentration in infants with infantile colic. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on fasting blood venous samples obtained from 18 infants with infantile colic and 20 healthy infants to measure ghrelin (RIA test) and motilin (RIA test). RESULTS: Colicky infants showed higher ghrelin ...
Keefe Maureen R - - 2006
An intervention for infant irritability or colic was evaluated in a randomized clinical trial. A total of 121 full-term irritable infants (2 to 6 weeks old) were randomized to routine care or the home-based intervention program. A third group (n=43) of irritable infants were entered into a post-test-only group. Following ...
Akman I - - 2006
Infantile colic is a common problem of early infancy. There is limited data on the relation between postpartum maternal psychological problems and colic. : To investigate whether infantile colic is associated with postpartum mood disorders or insecure adult attachment style of the mother. Seventy eight mothers and newborns were enrolled ...
Rogovik Alex L - - 2005
Young parents often visit my office because their infants are crying inconsolably. Results of physical examination are unremarkable, so colic is the most likely cause. Colic has been known for many years, but I am unaware of any good remedy for it. Are there any modern, effective, safe methods of ...
Ellett Marsha - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the experience of families with previously colicky infants. STUDY DESIGN: This qualitative, descriptive study explored parents' perspectives of the lasting effects of infant colic on their children's development and on their family relationships. METHODS: Through in-depth interviews, the parents had the opportunity to share what they remembered ...
Barr Ronald G - - 2005
ABSTRACT.: The authors sought to determine which features of early distress were "excessive" and specific to the first months of life as described by diary recordings. In a short-term, longitudinal, controlled study, total daily amount, frequency, and bout duration of fussing, crying, and unsoothable crying were derived from validated diaries ...
Savino F - - 2005
Intestinal colonization by lactobacilli is suggested to be a prerequisite to normal mucosal immune functions. An inadequate level of lactobacilli may be involved in appearance of allergic disease of which, infantile colic, is often considered an early clinical manifestation. The aim of the study is to evaluate intestinal lactobacilli in ...
Ellett Marsha L Cirgin - - 2005
Infant colic is prolonged hard crying for no apparent reason in an otherwise healthy infant. The purpose of this study was to describe the parents' experiences of caring for their infants with colic. This qualitative study employed a multiple case study design using a descriptive approach through indepth interviews. Five ...
Ize-Ludlow Diego - - 2004
Chinese star anise (Illicium verum Hook f.) is a well-known spice used in many cultures. Many populations use it as a treatment for infant colic. Japanese star anise (Illicium anisatum L), however, has been documented to have both neurologic and gastrointestinal toxicities. Recently, concern has been raised regarding the adulteration ...
Miller-Loncar C - - 2004
AIMS: To examine the relation between colic and feeding difficulties and their impact on parental functioning for a primarily clinic referred sample. METHODS: Forty three infants (and their mothers) were enrolled between 6 and 8 weeks of age. Infants were divided into two groups, colic (n = 19) and comparison ...
Leung Alexander K C - - 2004
Infantile colic is characterised by episodes of uncontrollable crying or fussing in an otherwise healthy and well-fed infant less than three months of age. The episodes of crying in an infant with colic last more than three hours per day and more than three days per week for at least ...
Savino F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Infantile colics are a common problem in the first months of life. During this period, a process of intestinal colonization rapidly occurs. A difference in the gut microflora could play an important role in the pathogenesis of colics, changing the metabolism of carbohydrates and fatty acids. Actually, in the ...
Ellett Marsha L Cirgin - - 2004
Infant colic affects about 20% of all infants and the cause remains elusive. Healthcare providers typically view infant colic as a minor inconvenience that is harmless to the thriving infant and will go away with time; however, parents view caring for a colicky infant as a crisis situation. The purpose ...
Canivet Catarina - - 2004
In this population-based study, we assessed the relation between socioeconomic and psychosocial conditions in 1,094 pregnant women and subsequent infantile colic by means of self-administered questionnaires measuring exposures in the 17th pregnancy week and telephone interviews at infant age 5 weeks. There was a higher risk of colic in infants ...
Belson Amir - - 2003
Our objective was to investigate the relationship between demographic factors, nutrition, stool gas production, and the existence of infantile colic (IC) syndrome. Hydrogen and methane production from stool specimens of infants with and without infantile colic was quantified at two separate time points, the age at presentation of colic (<12 ...
Alexandrovich Irina - - 2003
CONTEXT: Despite its benign, natural course, colic is a significant problem in infants and imparts a psychological, emotional, and physical burden to parents. Dicyclomine hydrochloride is the only pharmacological treatment for infantile colic that has been consistently effective. Unfortunately, 5% of infants treated with dicyclomine hydrochloride develop serious side effects, ...
Cirgin Ellett Marsha L - - 2003
The ancient Greeks were the first to mention infant colic in recorded history; yet in 2002, the cause of infant colic is still unknown. Review of the infant colic literature suggests there are at least five possible explanations-cow's milk/soy protein allergy or intolerance; immature gastrointestinal system; immature central nervous system; ...
Clifford Tammy J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Colic is widely believed to remit by 3 months of age, with little lasting effect on the infant or the family. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of colic at 3 months and the proportion of cases of colic (identified at 6 weeks) that remitted by 3 months; to identify ...
Clifford Tammy J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The etiology of infant colic remains unknown, despite an abundance of research on the topic. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether breastfeeding has a protective effect in colic's development. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of 856 mother-infant dyads. Eligible participants included English-speaking adult residents of a region in Ontario, who gave ...
Gupta Sandeep K - - 2002
Infantile colic is a distinct, although poorly defined, clinical entity. Whereas a general consensus regarding its cause is lacking, it is most likely multifactorial in genesis. Possible causative factors can be divided into two main groups: gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal. Food protein hypersensitivity or allergy is the leading contender in the ...
Savino Francesco - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Treatment of infantile colic remains an open issue. In Italy, cimetropium bromide is used extensively to treat infantile colic. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was to investigate the effectiveness and side effects of cimetropium bromide in the treatment of infants with colic crisis. METHODS: Ninety-seven ...
Canivet Catarina - - 2002
In this population-based study the colic incidence was 9.4%, according to telephone interviews with the parents made when the infants were 5 weeks of age (n = 1628), and parental concern about infant crying was common. However, 7-day diaries of colicky and control infants (n = 116 + 119) revealed ...
Leach Robert A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report on the novel use of a computer-assisted adjusting device as a potentially safe method for treatment of infantile colic. CLINICAL FEATURES: Two infants were diagnosed by their pediatrician as having infantile colic, which was characterized by signs of distress, uncontrollable crying, and brief episodes of screaming. Both ...
Kanabar D - - 2001
Transient lactose intolerance has been identified as a possible causative factor in infant colic. A double-blind randomised placebo-controlled crossover study to investigate this has been undertaken in 53 babies with symptoms of colic. Pre-incubation of the feed with lactase resulted in breath hydrogen levels and total crying time which were ...
Kalliomäki M - - 2001
In a prospective follow up of 116 high risk infants, a 24 hour behavioural chart on seven consecutive days was analysed at seven and 12 weeks of age. Of children who manifested atopic disease at 2 years, 44/116 (38%), had shown significantly more fussing during the seventh, and colic type ...
Olafsdottir E - - 2001
AIMS: To investigate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulation in the management of infantile colic. METHODS: One hundred infants with typical colicky pain were recruited to a randomised, blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial. RESULTS: Nine infants were excluded because inclusion criteria were not met, and five dropped out, leaving 86 ...
Reijneveld S A - - 2000
The association of maternal smoking and type of feeding with colic was assessed in 3345 children aged 1-6 months (96% response). The prevalence of colic was twofold higher among infants of smoking mothers, but less among breastfed infants. Maternal smoking as a potential risk factor for infantile crying needs further ...
Buckley M - - 2000
Colic, or persistent unexplained crying in infants, is commonly encountered by health professionals. While not harmful to the child, it can place a great deal of stress on the parents and family. The cause of colic has not been definitively identified. Transient lactose intolerance, as a result of inadequate production ...
Søndergaard C - - 2000
AIM: To describe how fetal growth and gestational age affect infantile colic, while considering other potential risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: A population based follow up study of 2035 healthy singleton infants without any disability born to Danish mothers. Information was collected by self administered questionnaires at 16 and 30 weeks ...
Estep D C - - 2000
Infant colic is a common problem characterized by excessive crying and fussing. We examined whether colic symptoms of exclusively breast-milk-fed infants would be improved by temporary substitution of Neocate, an amino acid-based infant formula, for breast milk. Six infants with colic were studied using Barr-type infant behavior diaries for a ...
Garrison M M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of rigorously evaluated treatments for infant colic. METHODS: Online bibliographic databases were searched for the term "colic" in articles classified as clinical trials or randomized controlled trials and conducted in infants. Reference lists from review articles, meta-analyses, and the selected articles were also reviewed ...
White B P - - 2000
To describe the behavioral and physiological responses associated with colic, the responses of 20 two-month-old infants with and 20 without colic were studied during a physical examination. Parents kept a diary of infant behaviors (including crying and fussing) for 3 days following the visit. Using Wessel, Cobb, Jackson, Harris, & ...
Levitzky S - - 2000
This study examined the impact of infant colic on the emotional state of the mother. Subjects were 23 pairs of mothers and their colicky infants. Structured interviews were conducted with mothers to elicit details around the colic episode and included (1) the emotional state experienced by the mother, (2) the ...
Estep D C - - 2000
Infant colic, a common disorder of infancy, is characterized by excessive crying and fussing. In this preliminary study we examined whether Neocate, an amino acid-based formula, would be accepted by formula-fed infants with colic, 3-7 wk of age, and whether Neocate would improve their symptoms. Six infants with colic were ...
Hill D J - - 2000
In this article, some aspects of the phenomenon of infantile colic or fussing and crying behavior in early infancy are reviewed. The major points addressed are as follows: 1) evidence that infants with colic differ significantly in their pattern of distressed behavior from noncolicky infants; 2) the evidence of colic ...
Barr R G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Colic is a behavioral syndrome of early infancy of unknown etiology whose core symptom is increased crying. Both clinical anecdotal descriptions and controlled observations converge in suggesting that a defining characteristic of the crying behavior is the longer duration of the crying bouts, especially during the second month of ...
St James-Roberts I - - 1999
AIMS: To investigate (1) whether colic cries are acoustically distinct from pre-feed "hunger" cries; (2) the role of the acoustic properties of these cries versus their other properties in accounting for parents' concerns about colic. DESIGN: From a community sample, infants were selected who met Wessel colic criteria for amounts ...
Barr R G - - 1998
Colic or excessive crying is one of the most frequent problems presented to pediatricians by new parents. Organic disease accounts for <5% of infants presenting with colic syndrome. Colic may be best viewed as a clinical manifestation of normal emotional development, in which an infant has diminished capacity to regulate ...
Barr R G - - 1998
Excessive crying and colic in the first 3 months of life remain as mysterious and unsolved clinical problems. The mystery is contributed to by the relative lack of long-term follow-up studies. The findings from four new follow-up studies of infants with prior colic are analyzed in an attempt to derive ...
Stifter C A - - 1998
Mothers of infants who developed colic were compared with mothers of non-colic infants on their perceptions of parenting self-efficacy, and separation anxiety as well as their attachment relationship with their infants. Colic was identified prospectively through telephone contacts with mothers. Questionnaires on self-efficacy and separation anxiety were completed when infants ...
Räihä H - - 1997
Infantile colic causes stress to many families during the first weeks of an infant's life. In our previous studies, we found that families with severely colicky infants had more problems in their daily functioning than did families without colicky infants and that the affective state in these families was anxious ...
Myers J H - - 1997
Hyoscyamine, one of the principal alkaloid components of belladonna, is a potent anticholinergic agent. Because of its anticholinergic properties, hyoscyamine sulfate drops are often prescribed for the treatment of colic in infants. Anticholinergic poisoning in infants is rare. However, five cases are reported of infants with anticholinergic toxicity following the ...
Kurtoglu S - - 1997
Levels of 5-hydroxy-3-indole acetic acid (5-OH IAA), a metabolite of serotonin, were studied in infants with infantile colic in order to investigate the aetiology of infantile colic pathogenesis. The study included 16 patients with infantile colic and 10 control subjects. Random urinary 5-OH IAA levels of colicky infants were found ...
Markestad T - - 1997
AIMS: To examine if sucrose has an analgesic effect on infant colic. METHODS: Nineteen infants with typical infant colic were given 2 ml of 12% sucrose or distilled water when crying, in a double blind double crossover study. The effect was measured by parents' score. RESULTS: Twelve improved specifically on ...
Balon A J - - 1997
Colic, or persistent unexplained crying in infants, is a disorder commonly encountered by the family physician. Although colic is not detrimental to an infant's health, it can place tremendous stress on the family. No effective cure for this disorder is known. Researchers have investigated a wide variety of therapies, including ...
Canivet C - - 1996
A two-part population-based study investigating the occurrence of infantile colic was undertaken, in which 92% of mothers with newborn healthy infants were reached. In the prospective part 152 mothers ("diary group") registered crying and fussing in their infants during 12 weeks. In the retrospective part 224 mothers ("interview group") were ...
Mittal R R - - 1996
A case of tinea faciei and tinea capitis in a 15-day-old male infant caused by Trichophyton tonsurans is being reported because of its rarity. This may be the youngest infant from India where source of infection was his elder brother who had black dot type of tinea capitis and incubation ...
Thomas D B - - 1995
Infant colic is a common disorder of doubtful aetiology. The known facts have been interpreted in a historical and geographical context. The apparent increase in incidence of the condition in the Westernized world during the twentieth century may reflect the technological advances and social changes that have occurred in recent ...
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