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McCormick Marie C MC Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2012
To assess whether younger siblings of participants in an early (preschool) educational program would benefit in terms of developmental and educational outcomes. Design: Assessment of a cohort of siblings of intervention participants at a mean age of 13.5 years. The Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP), an 8-site randomized trial ...
Plaisier Annemarie - - 2012
Cerebral MRI performed on preterm infants at term-equivalent 30 weeks' gestational age (GA) is increasingly performed as part of standard clinical care. We evaluated safety of these early MRI procedures. We retrospectively collected data on patient safety of preterm infants who underwent early MRI scans. Data were collected at fixed ...
Ahmed Azza H - - 2012
Background: Strategies that promote higher exclusive breastfeeding rate and duration are highly recommended. To date, no study has tested the feasibility of Web-based monitoring among breastfeeding mothers.Goals: To develop an interactive Web-based breastfeeding monitoring system (LACTOR) and examine its feasibility, usability, and acceptability among breastfeeding mothers.Methods: A prospective, descriptive, mixed-methods ...
Chung Matthew M Department of Pediatrics, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, - - 2012
To determine the accuracy of information on infant sleep safety on the Internet using Google. We hypothesized that the majority of Web sites would accurately reflect the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations for infant sleep safety. We searched for advice using 13 key phrases and analyzed the first 100 ...
Jubinville Jodi - - 2012
: To determine whether significant symptoms of acute stress disorder (ASD) are present in mothers of premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). : Forty mothers of premature infants born less than 33 weeks and admitted into NICU. : Prospective, cohort, within-subjects. : Mothers completed the Stanford Acute ...
Gephart Sheila M - - 2012
Transfusion-associated necrotizing enterocolitis (TANEC) has been described as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) that arises within 48 hours of a blood transfusion. It has been shown to be associated with 25% to 35% of NEC cases in recent studies. Evidence related to TANEC is limited to observational, retrospective studies. Infants who develop ...
Natarajan Girija - - 2012
The effect of birth location on hypothermia-related outcomes has not been rigorously examined in the literature. In this study, we determined whether birth location had an impact on the benefits of whole-body cooling to 33.5 °C for 72 h in term infants (n = 208) with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) who participated in ...
Austin Topun - - 2012
Most infants undergoing therapeutic hypothermia for hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy fit the clinical criteria used in the main randomised controlled trials. Many infants who would not strictly have qualified for trial entry may nevertheless benefit from hypothermia. These may include infants presenting with postnatal collapse, infants with neonatal stroke and moderately preterm ...
Kistin Caroline J - - 2012
DESIGN: A pilot randomised controlled trial was conducted with postpartum mothers to assess the feasibility and impact of note-taking during newborn teaching. Controls received standard teaching; the intervention group received pen and paper to take notes. Subjects were called 2 days post-discharge to assess infant sleep position, breastfeeding, car seat ...
Baddock Sally A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:To identify desaturation events (arterial oxygen saturation [Sao(2)] <90%) and rebreathing events (inspired carbon dioxide (CO(2)) >3%), in bed-sharing (BS) versus cot-sleeping (CS) infants.METHODS:Forty healthy, term infants, aged 0 to 6 months who regularly bed-shared with at least 1 parent >5 hours per night and 40 age-matched CS infants were ...
Harris Kevin M - - 2012
Sickle cell trait (SCT; hemoglobin AS) occurs in 8% of African Americans and although typically benign has been associated with sudden death in military recruits during intense physical activity. However, the role of SCT in the deaths of trained athletes is less well documented or acknowledged. The 31-year United States ...
Thomas Neal J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Inhibition of surfactant function and abnormal surfactant synthesis lead to surfactant dysfunction in children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. We evaluated whether intratracheal lucinactant, a synthetic, peptide-containing surfactant, was safe and well-tolerated in infants with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, and assessed its effects on clinical outcomes. METHODS AND MAIN ...
Manzoni Paolo - - 2012
Background Human milk feeding protects against oxidative stress-induced damage in preterm neonates, including severe multifactorial diseases such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The carotenoids, which are not found in formula milk, might play a key role in these actions.Methods A multicenter, double-blind, randomized ...
Kuo Hsi-Kung - - 2012
To study the incidence of treated retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) using the revised U.S. screening guidelines, the rate of missed treatment, and unfavorable anatomic outcomes over a period of 2 years. We reviewed the admission records of premature patients treated at our hospital from September 2008 to August 2010. Any ...
Ferns Sunita - - 2012
Multiple barriers to transthoracic echocardiography are present in critically ill infants immediately after surgery. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is sometimes needed to obtain specific important information that transthoracic echocardiography fails to demonstrate. Formerly, the investigators used the AcuNav intracardiac echocardiographic (ICE) intravascular ultrasound transducer (8 Fr, 2.5 mm, 64-element crystal array, ...
Mittal Manoj K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to formulate a clinical decision rule (CDR) to identify infants with apparent-life threatening event (ALTE) who are at low risk of adverse outcome and can be discharged home safely from the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of infants with an ED ...
Fink Nadine S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To generate neurobehavioral norms for an unselected random sample of clinically healthy newborns by examining the newborns with use of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 344 healthy mothers and newborns from a well-child nursery. The NNNS, a 128-item assessment of infant ...
Filonzi Laura - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:Considering previous genetic studies on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and the role of L/L serotonin transporter (5HTT) genotype and correlated genes monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and dopamine transporter (DAT) in unexpected death, an investigation was carried out verifying their involvement in apparent life-threatening events (ALTE and idiopathic form [IALTE]), ...
Parad Richard B - - 2012
Background: Reactive oxygen species have been implicated in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Extremely low gestational age (GA) newborns (ELGANs) have the highest risk of ROP and might benefit most from treatment with antioxidants. Objectives: To determine whether recombinant human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (rhSOD) decreases the incidence or ...
Ohman Anna M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immediate effect of kinesiology taping (KT) on muscular imbalance in the lateral flexors of the neck. DESIGN: A retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight infants with congenital muscular torticollis and muscular imbalance in the lateral flexors of the neck were chosen consecutively. METHODS: Data regarding the Muscle Function ...
Di Giorgio Elisa - - 2012
The ability to detect and prefer a face when embedded in complex visual displays was investigated in 3- and 6-month-old infants, as well as in adults, through a modified version of the visual search paradigm and the recording of eye movements. Participants (N=43) were shown 32 visual displays that comprised ...
Bhatnagar Shinjini - - 2012
Serious bacterial infections are a major cause of death in early infancy in developing countries. Inexpensive and accessible interventions that can add to the effect of standard antibiotic treatment could reduce infant mortality. We measured the effect of zinc as an adjunct to antibiotics in infants with probable serious bacterial ...
Raines Deborah A - - 2012
: The purpose of this study was to describe the parent's self-reported confidence as a caregiver. The specific research questions were as follows: : Participants were parents of infants with an anticipated discharge date within 5 days. Inclusion criteria were as follows: parent at least 18 years of age, infant's ...
Soo Kim Jung - - 2012
Rotavirus (RV) infection is the primary cause for childhood gastroenteritis worldwide. In Korea, RV infection is most common among children less than 5 years of age. This post-licensure study was conducted to further evaluate the RV vaccine (RIX4414) to provide additional local clinical data to the Korean Food and Drug ...
Morange-Majoux F - - 2012
This longitudinal study examined lateral differences between latency time of the two hands during the development of prehension in 12 infants from 20 to 30 weeks. Latency time (LT) is defined as the delay between the visual localisation of a reachable target and the beginning of the movement and could ...
Qawasmi Ahmad A Yale Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, - - 2012
Infant formula is supplemented with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) because they are hypothesized to improve cognition. Several randomized controlled clinical trials have examined the effect of LCPUFA supplementation of infant formula on cognitive development. We conducted this meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of LCPUFA supplementation of infant formula on ...
Nieuwenhuis Tjitske - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between sucking patterns and the quality of fidgety movements in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We studied the sucking patterns and fidgety movements of 44 preterm infants (gestational age <35 weeks) longitudinally from 34 weeks' postmenstrual age up to 14 weeks postterm. We used the Neonatal ...
Lee Shih-Yu - - 2012
Having a low-birth-weight (LBW) infant in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can intensify a mother's sleep disturbances due to both stress and the dim lighting in the ICU setting, which desynchronizes circadian rhythms. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effectiveness of a 3-week bright light ...
Polycarpou E - - 2012
Objective:The objective of this study is to determine the potential effect of oral L-arginine supplementation on intestinal inflammation in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates, as estimated by faecal calprotectin levels.Study Design:The study enrolled 83 VLBW neonates with birth weight 1500 g and gestational age 34 weeks. In this double-blind study, ...
Lantos John - - 2012
In accounting terms, nighttime phone help from a doctor was deemed to lose money. In human terms, it was priceless.
Armah George E - - 2012
We recently completed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter Phase III clinical trial of the pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (PRV) in three African countries, Ghana, Kenya, and Mali, from April 2007 to March 2009. The immunogenicity of PRV in African infants is described. In total, 5468 infants were randomized 1:1 to receive 3 ...
Rocha Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira - - 2012
Although several studies have investigated how movement trajectory and arm/hand configuration are adjusted to environmental affordances, the influence of specific object properties on early adjustments has not been studied. In this study, we aimed to determine the combined effect of object size and rigidity on reaching movements in young infants. ...
Iwata Sachiko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:A prospective study was performed to assess the relationship between the appearance of cerebral MRI at term and the cognitive functioning at 9 years old in very preterm born infants. METHODS: Seventy-six very preterm born infants (birth weight <1500 g or gestational age ≤32 weeks) obtained cerebral MRI at term-equivalent ...
Schnitzer Patricia G - - 2012
We sought to describe the characteristics and sleep circumstances of infants who die suddenly and unexpectedly and to examine similarities and differences in risk factors among infants whose deaths are classified as resulting from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), suffocation, or undetermined causes. We used 2005 to 2008 data from ...
Gomes Evelim L F D - - 2012
To evaluate the effectiveness of chest physical therapy (CP) in reducing the clinical score in infants with acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB). Randomized controlled trial of 30 previously healthy infants (mean age 4.08 SD 3.0 months) with AVB and positive for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), evaluated at three moments: at admission, ...
Teulier Caroline - - 2012
Previous research has described kinetic characteristics of treadmill steps in very stable steppers, in cross-sectional designs. In this study we examined, longitudinally, muscle activation patterns during treadmill stepping, without practice, in 12 healthy infants at 1, 6, and 12 mo of age. We assessed lateral gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, rectus femoris, ...
Lau Susanne - - 2012
Lower prevalence of atopy was found in children with continuous exposure to livestock and thus to microbial compounds. In animal models exposure to endotoxin (LPS) decreases allergic sensitization and airway inflammation. We sought to evaluate the effect of orally applied bacterial lysate in infancy on the prevalence of atopic dermatitis ...
Singh Pravin Kumar - - 2012
Despite the existence of Registration of Birth and Death Act (1969), Civil Registration System (CRS) in India registered only 68.3% of the births and 63.2% of the deaths. Hence, National Population Policy (2000) emphasized the need to improve registration of vital events. In 2005, Haryana initiated policy changes to enhance ...
Weinraub Marsha - - 2012
Nighttime sleep awakenings and infant and family characteristics were measured longitudinally in more than 1,200 infants when the infants were 6, 15, 24, and 36 months old. By 6 months of age, the majority of children slept through the night, awakening their mothers only about once or twice per week. ...
Havranek T - - 2012
Objective:To determine whether probiotics supplementation affects intestinal blood flow velocity in extremely low birth weight neonates.Study Design:In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, probiotics were added to the first enteral feeding and continued until discharge or 34 weeks postmenstrual age. Pulsed Doppler was used to measure preprandial and postprandial (at 30 ...
Abramowicz Shelly - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The GILLS score consists of gastroesophageal reflux disease, preoperative intubation, late surgical intervention, low birth weight, and syndromic diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to test the validity of the GILLS score in predicting success of tongue-lip adhesion (TLA) in managing Robin sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Infants with ...
VAN Haastert Ingrid C - - 2012
Aim  To explore whether active head lifting from supine (AHLS) in early infancy is associated with cognitive outcome in the second year of life. Method  The presence of AHLS was always recorded in the notes of infants admitted to our tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Random sampling was used to ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2012
To compare 18- to 22-month cognitive scores and neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in 2 time periods using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Neonatal Research Network assessment of extremely low birth weight infants with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (Bayley II) in 2006-2007 (period 1) ...
Schlottmann Anne - - 2012
Two experiments (N=136) studied how 4- to 6-month-olds perceive a simple schematic event, seen as goal-directed action and reaction from 3years of age. In our causal reaction event, a red square moved toward a blue square, stopping prior to contact. Blue began to move away before red stopped, so that ...
Widdup John - - 2012
Objective. To investigate access to a Universal Health Home Visit program for families of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal infants and the effect of a one-off home visit on subsequent health service utilisation. Methods. A case-control study was undertaken drawing 175 Aboriginal infants from an Aboriginal birth cohort study and 352 matched ...
Gaily Eija - - 2012
Infantile spasms syndrome (IS) (also known as West syndrome) is an epileptic encephalopathy with a heterogeneous etiology. One of the most common specific causes is tuberous sclerosis, diagnosed in almost 10% of the affected infants. Adrenocorticotropic hormone or steroids have been the preferred treatments for IS for several decades. Clinical ...
Anuntaseree Wanaporn W Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand. - - 2012
Sleep disturbance has been reported in both pre-school and older children with atopic dermatitis (AD). There have been no studies examining whether sleep disturbance occurs at the onset of the AD, or develops later. To evaluate sleep characteristics in infants with AD. A cross-sectional survey based on interviews with parents ...
Long Suzanne H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe the gross motor development of infants who had undergone cardiac surgery in the neonatal or early infant period. METHODS: Gross motor performance was assessed when infants were 4, 8, 12, and 16 months of age with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale. This scale is a discriminative gross ...
Rich Wade - - 2012
The Surfactant Positive Airway Pressure and Pulse Oximetry Randomized Trial (SUPPORT) antenatal consent study demonstrated that mothers of infants enrolled in the SUPPORT trial had significantly different demographics and exposure to antenatal steroids compared with mothers of eligible, but not enrolled infants. The objective of this analysis was to compare ...
Lister George - - 2012
To determine whether infants at sleep in the prone side positions are at higher risk for an extreme cardiorespiratory event compared with infants at sleep in the supine position. We used a case-control study to compare sleep position, determined with an accelerometer, in 116 infants during an extreme cardiorespiratory event ...
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