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Dereddy Narendra R NR Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, TN, USA - - 2014
Breast milk feeding has advantages over formula feeding in premature infants, but its use in them is low. We initiated measures in our inner-city hospital such as starting a dedicated lactation service, counseling the mothers prenatally and postnatally, educating hospital staff, and advocating with our state's Medicaid insurance to provide ...
Marchetto Erika E SISSA/ISAS,Trieste,Italy Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique (LSCP),Ecole Normale - - 2014
ABSTRACT To achieve language proficiency, infants must find the building blocks of speech and master the rules governing their legal combinations. However, these problems are linked: words are also built according to rules. Here, we explored early morphosyntactic sensitivity by testing when and how infants could find either words or ...
Barbu-Roth Marianne M Université Paris - - 2014
Two independent experiments (n = 22 and n = 22) showed that 2-month-old infants displayed significantly more stepping movements when supported upright in the air than when supported with their feet contacting a surface. Air- and surface-stepping kinematics were quite similar (Experiment 2). In addition, when data were collapsed across both experiments, more air ...
Loos Helene M HM Developmental Ethology and Cognitive Psychology Group, Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, CNRS-Université de Bourgogne, 9E boulevard Jeanne d'Arc, 21000 Dijon, France, Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Emil Fischer Center, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Schuhstraße 9, 91052 Erlangen, Germany, Department of Sensory Analytics, Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging IVV, Giggenhauser Straße 35, 85354 Freising, Germany, - - 2014
The odorous steroid 5α-androst-16-en-3-one (AND) occurs in numerous biological fluids in mammals, including man, where it is believed to play a chemocommunicative role. As AND was recently detected in milk and amniotic fluid, sensitivity and hedonic responses to this substance were assessed in human neonates. To this aim, respiration and ...
Lionetti Francesca F a Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences , University of Pavia , Pavia , - - 2014
Life before adoption is characterized by the lack of sensitive and stable caregiving, putting infants at risk for non-secure attachment patterns. What leads to adoptees' attachment security in their adoptive families has not been conclusively determined. We investigated the roles of children's temperament and adoptive parents' attachment on adoptees' attachment ...
Hettiarachchi Manjula - - 2014
Many of the countries in the Asia Pacific Region are just initiating newborn screening programs for selected metabolic and other congenital disorders. The present study is aimed at evaluating the congenital hypothyroidism screening program in the Southern region of Sri Lanka in terms of coverage, effectiveness of detecting and managing ...
Blakemore William R WR a Celtic Colloids Inc. , Topsham , ME , - - 2014
A method was developed and validated in support of a 28-day feeding study of swine-adapted infant formula stabilized with carrageenan administered to neonatal piglets. Carrageenan concentrations in the test formulations were 0, 300, 1,000, and 2,250 mg/kg formula. Extraction of carrageenan from swine-adapted infant formula was achieved by breaking carrageenan-protein ...
Woodhouse Susan S - - 2014
The present study investigated links between the observer-rated process of psychotherapy and 2 key psychotherapy relationship constructs (i.e., working alliance and attachment to the therapist) in the context of a brief, attachment-based, home-visiting, mother-infant intervention that aimed to promote later secure infant attachment. Additionally, links between observer ratings of intervener ...
Benova Lenka L London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London, United - - 2014
Inadequate water and sanitation during childbirth are likely to lead to poor maternal and newborn outcomes. This paper uses existing data sources to assess the water and sanitation (WATSAN) environment surrounding births in Tanzania in order to interrogate whether such estimates could be useful for guiding research, policy and monitoring ...
Iyengar Udita U Department of Pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine Houston, TX, USA ; Attachment and Neurodevelopment Laboratory, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine Houston, TX, USA ; Research Department of Clinical, Educational, and Health Psychology, University College London London, - - 2014
A mother's unresolved trauma may interfere with her ability to sensitively respond to her infant, thus affecting the development of attachment in her own child, and potentially contributing to the intergenerational transmission of trauma. One novel construct within the Dynamic Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) coding of the ...
Esposito Gianluca G Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Rovereto, TN, Italy; Division of Psychology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, - - 2014
Infants universally elicit in adults a set of solicitous behaviors that are evolutionarily important for the survival of the species. However, exposure, experience, and prejudice appear to govern adults' social choice and ingroup attitudes towards other adults. In the current study, physiological arousal and behavioral judgments were assessed while adults ...
Westmark Cara J CJ Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, - - 2013
The effects of soy-based infant formulas on childhood development are not well understood. This exploratory study evaluates the severity of autistic behaviors in association with the use of soy-based infant formula in a population of high-functioning autistic children. Medical record data were analyzed from the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative ...
McCormick Marie C MC Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2012
To assess whether younger siblings of participants in an early (preschool) educational program would benefit in terms of developmental and educational outcomes. Assessment of a cohort of siblings of intervention participants at a mean age of 13.5 years. The Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP), an 8-site randomized trial of ...
Plaisier Annemarie - - 2012
Cerebral MRI performed on preterm infants at term-equivalent 30 weeks' gestational age (GA) is increasingly performed as part of standard clinical care. We evaluated safety of these early MRI procedures. We retrospectively collected data on patient safety of preterm infants who underwent early MRI scans. Data were collected at fixed ...
Ahmed Azza H - - 2012
Background: Strategies that promote higher exclusive breastfeeding rate and duration are highly recommended. To date, no study has tested the feasibility of Web-based monitoring among breastfeeding mothers.Goals: To develop an interactive Web-based breastfeeding monitoring system (LACTOR) and examine its feasibility, usability, and acceptability among breastfeeding mothers.Methods: A prospective, descriptive, mixed-methods ...
Chung Matthew M Department of Pediatrics, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, - - 2012
To determine the accuracy of information on infant sleep safety on the Internet using Google. We hypothesized that the majority of Web sites would accurately reflect the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations for infant sleep safety. We searched for advice using 13 key phrases and analyzed the first 100 ...
Jubinville Jodi - - 2012
: To determine whether significant symptoms of acute stress disorder (ASD) are present in mothers of premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). : Forty mothers of premature infants born less than 33 weeks and admitted into NICU. : Prospective, cohort, within-subjects. : Mothers completed the Stanford Acute ...
Gephart Sheila M - - 2012
Transfusion-associated necrotizing enterocolitis (TANEC) has been described as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) that arises within 48 hours of a blood transfusion. It has been shown to be associated with 25% to 35% of NEC cases in recent studies. Evidence related to TANEC is limited to observational, retrospective studies. Infants who develop ...
Natarajan Girija - - 2012
The effect of birth location on hypothermia-related outcomes has not been rigorously examined in the literature. In this study, we determined whether birth location had an impact on the benefits of whole-body cooling to 33.5 °C for 72 h in term infants (n = 208) with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) who participated in ...
Austin Topun - - 2012
Most infants undergoing therapeutic hypothermia for hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy fit the clinical criteria used in the main randomised controlled trials. Many infants who would not strictly have qualified for trial entry may nevertheless benefit from hypothermia. These may include infants presenting with postnatal collapse, infants with neonatal stroke and moderately preterm ...
Kistin Caroline J - - 2012
DESIGN: A pilot randomised controlled trial was conducted with postpartum mothers to assess the feasibility and impact of note-taking during newborn teaching. Controls received standard teaching; the intervention group received pen and paper to take notes. Subjects were called 2 days post-discharge to assess infant sleep position, breastfeeding, car seat ...
Baddock Sally A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:To identify desaturation events (arterial oxygen saturation [Sao(2)] <90%) and rebreathing events (inspired carbon dioxide (CO(2)) >3%), in bed-sharing (BS) versus cot-sleeping (CS) infants.METHODS:Forty healthy, term infants, aged 0 to 6 months who regularly bed-shared with at least 1 parent >5 hours per night and 40 age-matched CS infants were ...
Harris Kevin M - - 2012
Sickle cell trait (SCT; hemoglobin AS) occurs in 8% of African Americans and although typically benign has been associated with sudden death in military recruits during intense physical activity. However, the role of SCT in the deaths of trained athletes is less well documented or acknowledged. The 31-year United States ...
Thomas Neal J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Inhibition of surfactant function and abnormal surfactant synthesis lead to surfactant dysfunction in children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. We evaluated whether intratracheal lucinactant, a synthetic, peptide-containing surfactant, was safe and well-tolerated in infants with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, and assessed its effects on clinical outcomes. METHODS AND MAIN ...
Manzoni Paolo - - 2012
Background Human milk feeding protects against oxidative stress-induced damage in preterm neonates, including severe multifactorial diseases such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The carotenoids, which are not found in formula milk, might play a key role in these actions.Methods A multicenter, double-blind, randomized ...
Kuo Hsi-Kung - - 2012
To study the incidence of treated retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) using the revised U.S. screening guidelines, the rate of missed treatment, and unfavorable anatomic outcomes over a period of 2 years. We reviewed the admission records of premature patients treated at our hospital from September 2008 to August 2010. Any ...
Ferns Sunita - - 2012
Multiple barriers to transthoracic echocardiography are present in critically ill infants immediately after surgery. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is sometimes needed to obtain specific important information that transthoracic echocardiography fails to demonstrate. Formerly, the investigators used the AcuNav intracardiac echocardiographic (ICE) intravascular ultrasound transducer (8 Fr, 2.5 mm, 64-element crystal array, ...
Mittal Manoj K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to formulate a clinical decision rule (CDR) to identify infants with apparent-life threatening event (ALTE) who are at low risk of adverse outcome and can be discharged home safely from the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of infants with an ED ...
Fink Nadine S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To generate neurobehavioral norms for an unselected random sample of clinically healthy newborns by examining the newborns with use of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 344 healthy mothers and newborns from a well-child nursery. The NNNS, a 128-item assessment of infant ...
Filonzi Laura - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:Considering previous genetic studies on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and the role of L/L serotonin transporter (5HTT) genotype and correlated genes monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and dopamine transporter (DAT) in unexpected death, an investigation was carried out verifying their involvement in apparent life-threatening events (ALTE and idiopathic form [IALTE]), ...
Parad Richard B - - 2012
Background: Reactive oxygen species have been implicated in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Extremely low gestational age (GA) newborns (ELGANs) have the highest risk of ROP and might benefit most from treatment with antioxidants. Objectives: To determine whether recombinant human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (rhSOD) decreases the incidence or ...
Ohman Anna M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immediate effect of kinesiology taping (KT) on muscular imbalance in the lateral flexors of the neck. DESIGN: A retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight infants with congenital muscular torticollis and muscular imbalance in the lateral flexors of the neck were chosen consecutively. METHODS: Data regarding the Muscle Function ...
Di Giorgio Elisa - - 2012
The ability to detect and prefer a face when embedded in complex visual displays was investigated in 3- and 6-month-old infants, as well as in adults, through a modified version of the visual search paradigm and the recording of eye movements. Participants (N=43) were shown 32 visual displays that comprised ...
Bhatnagar Shinjini - - 2012
Serious bacterial infections are a major cause of death in early infancy in developing countries. Inexpensive and accessible interventions that can add to the effect of standard antibiotic treatment could reduce infant mortality. We measured the effect of zinc as an adjunct to antibiotics in infants with probable serious bacterial ...
Raines Deborah A - - 2012
: The purpose of this study was to describe the parent's self-reported confidence as a caregiver. The specific research questions were as follows: : Participants were parents of infants with an anticipated discharge date within 5 days. Inclusion criteria were as follows: parent at least 18 years of age, infant's ...
Morange-Majoux F - - 2012
This longitudinal study examined lateral differences between latency time of the two hands during the development of prehension in 12 infants from 20 to 30 weeks. Latency time (LT) is defined as the delay between the visual localisation of a reachable target and the beginning of the movement and could ...
Kim Jung Soo JS ChonBuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Jeollabuk-do, South - - 2012
Rotavirus (RV) infection is the primary cause for childhood gastroenteritis worldwide. In Korea, RV infection is most common among children less than 5 years of age. This post-licensure study was conducted to further evaluate the RV vaccine (RIX4414) to provide additional local clinical data to the Korean Food and Drug ...
Qawasmi Ahmad A Yale Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, - - 2012
Infant formula is supplemented with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) because they are hypothesized to improve cognition. Several randomized controlled clinical trials have examined the effect of LCPUFA supplementation of infant formula on cognitive development. We conducted this meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of LCPUFA supplementation of infant formula on ...
Nieuwenhuis Tjitske - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between sucking patterns and the quality of fidgety movements in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We studied the sucking patterns and fidgety movements of 44 preterm infants (gestational age <35 weeks) longitudinally from 34 weeks' postmenstrual age up to 14 weeks postterm. We used the Neonatal ...
Lee Shih-Yu - - 2012
Having a low-birth-weight (LBW) infant in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can intensify a mother's sleep disturbances due to both stress and the dim lighting in the ICU setting, which desynchronizes circadian rhythms. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effectiveness of a 3-week bright light ...
Polycarpou E - - 2012
Objective:The objective of this study is to determine the potential effect of oral L-arginine supplementation on intestinal inflammation in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates, as estimated by faecal calprotectin levels.Study Design:The study enrolled 83 VLBW neonates with birth weight 1500 g and gestational age 34 weeks. In this double-blind study, ...
Lantos John - - 2012
In accounting terms, nighttime phone help from a doctor was deemed to lose money. In human terms, it was priceless.
Armah George E - - 2012
We recently completed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter Phase III clinical trial of the pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (PRV) in three African countries, Ghana, Kenya, and Mali, from April 2007 to March 2009. The immunogenicity of PRV in African infants is described. In total, 5468 infants were randomized 1:1 to receive 3 ...
Rocha Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira - - 2012
Although several studies have investigated how movement trajectory and arm/hand configuration are adjusted to environmental affordances, the influence of specific object properties on early adjustments has not been studied. In this study, we aimed to determine the combined effect of object size and rigidity on reaching movements in young infants. ...
Iwata Sachiko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:A prospective study was performed to assess the relationship between the appearance of cerebral MRI at term and the cognitive functioning at 9 years old in very preterm born infants. METHODS: Seventy-six very preterm born infants (birth weight <1500 g or gestational age ≤32 weeks) obtained cerebral MRI at term-equivalent ...
Schnitzer Patricia G PG Patricia G. Schnitzer is with the Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia. Theresa M. Covington is with the National Center for Child Death Review, Michigan Public Health Institute, Okemos. Heather K. Dykstra is with the Michigan Public Health - - 2012
We sought to describe the characteristics and sleep circumstances of infants who die suddenly and unexpectedly and to examine similarities and differences in risk factors among infants whose deaths are classified as resulting from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), suffocation, or undetermined causes. We used 2005 to 2008 data from ...
Gomes Evelim L F D - - 2012
To evaluate the effectiveness of chest physical therapy (CP) in reducing the clinical score in infants with acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB). Randomized controlled trial of 30 previously healthy infants (mean age 4.08 SD 3.0 months) with AVB and positive for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), evaluated at three moments: at admission, ...
Teulier Caroline - - 2012
Previous research has described kinetic characteristics of treadmill steps in very stable steppers, in cross-sectional designs. In this study we examined, longitudinally, muscle activation patterns during treadmill stepping, without practice, in 12 healthy infants at 1, 6, and 12 mo of age. We assessed lateral gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, rectus femoris, ...
Lau Susanne - - 2012
Lower prevalence of atopy was found in children with continuous exposure to livestock and thus to microbial compounds. In animal models exposure to endotoxin (LPS) decreases allergic sensitization and airway inflammation. We sought to evaluate the effect of orally applied bacterial lysate in infancy on the prevalence of atopic dermatitis ...
Singh Pravin Kumar - - 2012
Despite the existence of Registration of Birth and Death Act (1969), Civil Registration System (CRS) in India registered only 68.3% of the births and 63.2% of the deaths. Hence, National Population Policy (2000) emphasized the need to improve registration of vital events. In 2005, Haryana initiated policy changes to enhance ...
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