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Kaur M R - - 2008
Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a benign, self-healing non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis of unknown aetiology, most commonly occurring in infants and children. JXG is characterized by solitary or multiple yellowish cutaneous nodules, the two common clinical variants being a small nodular form and large nodular form, which frequently coexist. Unusual morphological presentations ...
Thorsteinsson Adalbjörn - - 2008
We report a case of a large labetalol overdose in an eight-month-old infant that was being treated for hypertension following surgery for coarctation of the aorta. Labetalol, both alpha and beta adrenergic blocking agent was used for treating postoperative hypertension. By mistake, the patient was given an extremely high dose ...
Uygur Safak - - 2009
Neurothekeomas are benign tumours of nerve sheath origin. Neurothekeomas present most commonly on the head and neck and upper extremities. These are usually small, slow growing tumours. Most patients with neurothekeoma are young women. We describe a 1-year-old infant with a large and extensive neurothekeoma in the upper extremity. We ...
Köken Gülengül - - 2008
Congenital intracranial teratoma is a rare disease. A fetus with a congenital intracranial teratoma presenting with a hydrocephalus at 27 weeks' gestation is presented. Prenatal ultrasonography and fetal magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a huge, heterogeneous intracranial mass including the infra- and supratentorial region and polyhydramnios. At 28 weeks' gestation, a ...
Muramori Katsumi - - 2008
A 1-month-old infant presented with a case of calcifying chronic epididymitis. Differential diagnosis was made from a testicular torsion and neoplasm. Serial ultrasound examination revealed a calcified lesion adjacent to the normal testis, thereby avoiding an unnecessary orchiectomy. Infantile epididymitis has been thought to be rare; however, it is occasionally ...
Deleon S Y - - 2007
Although the classic extended end-to-end repair is the procedure of choice in most neonates and infants with coarctation of the aorta, there is a problem of distance despite extensive mobilization and impairment of growth of the arch because of scarring in some patients. Since December 1999, 15 neonates and infants ...
Harahsheh A S - - 2007
Coarctation of the aorta is a cause of right arm hypertension in children and of heart failure in infants after ductal closure. We present two cases with these presentations that were initially thought to be coarctation of the aorta. They were subsequently diagnosed as Takayasu's arteritis in the older child ...
Fotopoulou C - - 2007
Oropharyngeal teratomas are rare congenital malformations that arise from all three basic germinal layers and form a high risk situation for the neonate. Their incidence is only sporadic and they are not associated with a high recurrence risk, although some cases of associated chromosomal aberrations have been described. In this ...
Silkiss Rona Z - - 2007
A 7-month-old infant was examined for severe right ptosis, strabismus, and noisy breathing. CT revealed a right intranasal mass with areas of calcification, erosion, and extension to the cribriform plate. Surgical resection was performed. Pathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma. Ophthalmologists may be among the first medical ...
Deeg K H - - 2007
We report on three infants with congenital neuroblastoma. Two clinically asymptomatic infants showed a suprarenal right-sided mass, one infant had a mediastinal tumour with tracheal compression causing immediate postnatal dyspnoea. Diagnosis was established by ultrasonography showing hypoechoic tumours without significant calcifications. The two suprarenal masses were characterised by small cystic ...
Castillo Félix - - 2007
The prognosis of giant cervical teratomas is determined by the severity of the associated airway obstruction. Ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) is a technique to establish a patent airway before completion of birth, while the infant remains on placental support. We present two cases of newborns with cervical teratomas treated with ...
Yossuck Panitan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An oropharyngeal tumor presenting as a protruding mass from the mouth of the newborn infant is very rare. This mass has the potential to obstruct the airway and requires urgent medical management, diagnosis and appropriate surgical management. OBJECTIVES: To report a case of a newborn with an oropharyngeal mass ...
Nakane Akihiro - - 2006
A 61-year-old man presented complaining of pollakisuria and nocturia. A plain radiograph of his kidney, ureter and bladder and intravenous urography revealed numerous calculi in the upper kidney of his left renal pelvis and ureterocele. A transurethral incision of ureterocele (TUI-ureterocele) and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy were performed. On TUI-ureterocele, ...
Carroll Sheilia J - - 2006
A persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA) with coarctation and type A interruption of the fourth arch was recognized in a 9-day-old infant. The widening of the area of coarctation in the fifth arch with prostaglandin E1 infusion without opening the ductus arteriosus is presented to document that ectopic ductal tissue ...
Suliman M Taifour - - 2006
The case of two infants with large midline wounds, one with an omphalocele and the other with a lumbosacral wound secondary to ruptured meningocele, is reported wherein the advantages of leaving such wounds in infants to heal spontaneously over surgical intervention are shown. In this report, the cases are discussed ...
Roganovic Jelena - - 2006
A 3-month-old male infant presented with superior mediastinal syndrome due to a large mediastinal teratoma. The child suffered from severe cardiorespiratory compromise that required emergency treatment. Mediastinal teratomas are potentially life-threatening in infancy. Close cooperation among pediatric oncologists, surgeons, anesthesiologists, intensivists, and radiologists is crucial in the management of these ...
Otten Marc L - - 2006
The authors report a case of preoperative embolization and resection of a choroid plexus papilloma of the lateral ventricle in a 4-month-old boy. These vascular tumors of the central nervous system present a significant intraoperative bleeding risk. Attempts at preoperative embolization to reduce the bleeding risk have rarely succeeded because ...
Amer Saeed - - 2006
Two cases of male infants with masses since birth are presented. The first infant was four months of age, had mass on the medial surface right upper arm while the other infant, who was one year of age, had a mass above left eye. Both masses were present at birth ...
Meuris Bart - - 2006
We report a neonate presenting with an intrapericardial benign teratoma and an exceptionally high level of alpha-fetoprotein. Such severe elevation of alpha-fetoprotein in a neonate with a teratoma is usually associated with the presence of immature or malignant elements, compromising the prognosis. The tumour in our patient, however, proved to ...
Bretz Walter A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to determine the effects of mechanical and chemical modalities treatments on periodontal clinical and microbiological parameters of mothers; and 2) to determine the subsequent colonization of periodontal pathogens in tongue samples from their infants. DESIGN: A total of 168 mothers met ...
Picht T - - 2006
Choroid plexus papillomas are one of the most common tumors of the nervous system in infants. The most frequent early symptoms, megalocephalia and vomiting, caused by elevated intracranial pressure often lead to a diagnosis only at a critical clinical stage. This study describes a case of a 3-month-old infant with ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2006
Although teratoma is the most common type of neonatal tumour, there are few population-based epidemiological data on teratoma among infants. Using data from a population-based birth defects registry in Hawaii, this study described the distribution of teratoma with respect to various demographic and clinical factors. A total of 22 cases ...
Park J G - - 2006
Coarctation of the aorta is a relatively common congenital condition. Most infantile presentations of aortic coarctation are related to the associated congenital cardiac abnormalities leading to congestive heart failure or systemic hypoperfusion. We describe a 4-month-old infant who presented with stridor as the sole manifestation of coarctation. Radiologic studies revealed ...
Becker S - - 2007
Teratomas are benign tumors containing cells from ectodermal, mesodermal and endodermal layers. They occur in about 1 in every 4000 births and most commonly in the sacrococcygeal region, followed by the ovaries. Congenital epignathus teratomas are rare embryological neoplasms localised in the region of head and neck. An epignathus is ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2005
We report a case of epignathus teratoma diagnosed at 22 weeks of gestation in which 3-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) was useful to plan perinatal management. A significant enlargement of the tumor, associated with polyhydramnios and preterm labor, was observed at 35 weeks of gestation. After amniotic fluid evacuation, 3DUS was performed ...
Head C E G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the timing of presentation and clinical profile of a cohort of fetuses with normal main cardiac connections but fetal echocardiographic signs suggestive of coarctation of the aorta. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary fetal and paediatric cardiology centre. PATIENTS: Between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 2002, ...
Hammoud Sommer - - 2005
Tumoral calcinosis is the deposition of calcium crystals and salts in the periarticular soft tissues. It commonly is seen as a complication of renal dialysis or in patients with a hereditary disposition. Occasionally, it is seen as an isolated condition with no known cause. Tumoral calcinosis usually affects adults and ...
Dekker Gus - - 2004
Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Cervical insufficiency is not an all or nothing phenomenon but a continuous variable which can lead to preterm deliveries at different gestational ages. The relationship between shortened cervical length and spontaneous preterm birth is consistent in several studies. Shortened ...
Giatromanolaki A - - 2004
This study was designed to investigate the prognostic relevance of ovarian tumour angiogenesis in terms of tumour angiogenic activity (TAA) and vascular survival ability (VSA), i.e. the ability of newly formed vessels to survive once incorporated into the main tumour mass. TAA was assessed at the edge of the invading ...
Wakhlu Ashish - - 2004
Leiomyosarcoma of the testis is a very rare tumor in children. This report describes a massive leiomyosarcoma of the left testis in an infant that was treated successfully by excision and chemotherapy. During follow-up of 1 year, there has been no recurrence or metastases. No previous report of this tumor ...
Bader Ilyas - - 2004
Anterior sacral meningocoele with sacrococcygeal teratoma is a rare entity. The cystic mass arising from anterior sacral and coccygeal defect, lies in the retrorectal space between the rectum and sacrum. It produces a variety of symptoms depending on its size and contents and constitutes a diagnostic problem. Such a rare ...
Pearl Jeffrey M - - 2004
To determine whether early coarctation repair is a significant risk for recoarctation in the modern era, 120 patients, including 87 infants, who underwent isolated coarctation repair at a single institution, were reviewed. At a mean follow-up of 44.4 months, there have were no late reoperations, and 2 patients required balloon ...
Papadopoulos Elektra J - - 2004
Neurothekeomas (nerve sheath myxomas) are uncommon benign tumors of nerve sheath origin. We describe an infant with a neurothekeoma and review the literature of neurothekeomas in children and adults. Neurothekeomas have been reported in 292 patients whose ages have ranged from 15 months to 84 years. They occur twice as ...
Grebille A G - - 2003
Pericardial teratoma is a potentially curable lesion that may become life threatening when it induces mediastinal compression and fetal hydrops. So far, cases with fetal hydrops have been managed by elective delivery or pericardial needle decompression. We report a case in which pericardial teratoma resulted in fetal hydrops. Following transpleural ...
Kato Noriko - - 2003
Testicular yolk sac tumor (YST) of infants is biologically distinct from its adult counterpart. Cytogenetically, YSTs in infants generally lack i(12p), which is highly characteristic of adult germ cell tumors (GCTs), whereas they frequently show a deletion of 1p36, indicating that the loss of a certain gene(s) in this region ...
Hook Samantha - - 2003
Gastric teratoma is an extremely rare embryonic neoplasm containing tissue from all three germ layers (ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm). A 25-day-old infant presented with anemia and a palpable abdominal mass. Computed tomography (CT) scanning showed a solid and cystic multiloculated tumor of mixed echogenicity and calcifications. An encapsulated bleeding tumor ...
Graham Anthony - - 2003
The oro-pharyngeal apparatus has its origin in a series of bulges that is found on the lateral surface of the embryonic head, the pharyngeal arches. The development of the pharyngeal arches is complex involving a number of disparate embryonic cell types: ectoderm, endoderm, neural crest and mesoderm, whose development must ...
Haapasalo Hannu - - 2003
We studied the expression of antioxidant enzymes (AOEs) and related proteins manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), thioredoxin (Trx), thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), and the catalytic (GLCL-c) and regulatory (GLCL-r) subunits of glutamate cysteine ligase (gamma-glutamylcysteinesynthetase) in 433 astrocytomas. Expression of MnSOD was found in 91%, Trx in 46%, TrxR in 66%, GLCL-c ...
Myers Laura B - - 2003
Cervical teratomas are rare tumors of infancy that are associated with a high mortality rate caused by compression and distortion of the infant's airway. Recent attempts at managing the fetal airway before delivery have focused on the EXIT (ex-utero intrapartum treatment) procedure, in which time to secure an airway is ...
Eroglu Muzaffer - - 2003
We are presenting a 36-year-old male patient with right flank pain and a history of recurrent urinary tract infection for three years. Radiographic intervention revealed a right partial ureteral duplication with a giant stone in size 9.6 cm in the ureteral limb draining the non-functioning upper pole of the right ...
Yoon Jung Hoon - - 2002
Congenital immature teratoma of the tongue is a very rare form of extragonadal teratoma. We report an infant autopsy case of a huge congenital immature teratoma protruding from the tongue of a female infant born to a woman at 28 weeks' gestation of her first pregnancy. The mass obstructed the ...
Nagy Z - - 2002
A case of intraoperative type-A aortic dissection caused by partial displacement of the aortic cannula in a 6-month-old infant is presented, which was successfully managed by reapproximation of the dissected layers of the ascending aorta. At 1 year of follow-up the imaging studies show a normal appearance of the operation ...
Yadav Samar Pal Singh - - 2002
Ingested sharp foreign bodies usually lodge themselves in the pharynx unlike their more common smooth counterparts, which are found in the upper esophagus. These are very rare in infants and pose problems like delayed presentation and occasionally extraluminal migration. A very rare case of through and through penetration of neck ...
Matitiau Abraham - - 2002
We report a case of an infant with an extensive hemangioma encompassing the thoracic aorta, associated with complex coarctation. Surgical approach was abandoned for fear of bleeding. The complexity of the coarctation made it unsuitable for balloon dilation. We implanted a stent with significant angiographic improvement and resolution of systemic ...
Cloudsley-Thompson J - - 2001
The selective extinction of the dinosaurs and other giant reptiles has long been a topic of speculation and controversy. Everyone is familiar with the theory of the giant bollide colliding with Earth. But, would it not be more likely that that multiple factors acted over a relatively long period of ...
McMahon C J - - 2001
We describe a 970-gram infant born prematurely at 28 weeks gestation. On the third day of life, she presented in heart failure with Shone's syndrome and severe coarctation of the aorta. Despite initiation of intravenous prostaglandins, she developed progressive severe biventricular dysfunction and acidosis. Balloon angioplasty of the coarctation was ...
Pantanowitz L - - 2001
Sacrococcygeal teratomas are rare tumours, occurring in approximately 1 in 40,000 live births. The sacrococcygeal area is, however, the commonest site for teratomas that are present at birth. There are many conflicting theories as to the origin of sacrococcygeal teratomas. Recent studies have begun to shed light on some of ...
Emir L - - 2001
In this article, a 6-month-old infant with cystic dysplasia of the testis (CDT) is presented. Although different genitourinary abnormalities associated with CDT have been reported, this is the first case of the association of CDT with penoscrotal hypospadias, unilateral undescended testicle, bilateral scrotal hernia, small and hypocompliant bladder and urethral ...
Chang A H - - 2001
A 4-month-old infant with a history of nasopharyngeal teratoma developed progressive optic neuropathy. Neuroimaging studies demonstrated a solid, isointense, suprasellar mass impinging on optic nerves and chiasm superiorly. The mass was subtotally resected. No attachment of the mass to brain stem or cerebellar structures was noted. Histological examination identified the ...
Pissinatti A - - 2000
Few morphologic aspects of Leontopithecus are listed in the literature, which does not provide sufficient knowledge of those simians. However, such results are important to evaluate the potential of those species as a model for studying comparative pathology. In this study, the material came from the collection of the Museu ...
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