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Weinraub Marsha - - 2012
Nighttime sleep awakenings and infant and family characteristics were measured longitudinally in more than 1,200 infants when the infants were 6, 15, 24, and 36 months old. By 6 months of age, the majority of children slept through the night, awakening their mothers only about once or twice per week. ...
Havranek T - - 2012
Objective:To determine whether probiotics supplementation affects intestinal blood flow velocity in extremely low birth weight neonates.Study Design:In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, probiotics were added to the first enteral feeding and continued until discharge or 34 weeks postmenstrual age. Pulsed Doppler was used to measure preprandial and postprandial (at 30 ...
Abramowicz Shelly - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The GILLS score consists of gastroesophageal reflux disease, preoperative intubation, late surgical intervention, low birth weight, and syndromic diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to test the validity of the GILLS score in predicting success of tongue-lip adhesion (TLA) in managing Robin sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Infants with ...
VAN Haastert Ingrid C - - 2012
Aim  To explore whether active head lifting from supine (AHLS) in early infancy is associated with cognitive outcome in the second year of life. Method  The presence of AHLS was always recorded in the notes of infants admitted to our tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Random sampling was used to ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2012
To compare 18- to 22-month cognitive scores and neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in 2 time periods using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Neonatal Research Network assessment of extremely low birth weight infants with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (Bayley II) in 2006-2007 (period 1) ...
Schlottmann Anne - - 2012
Two experiments (N=136) studied how 4- to 6-month-olds perceive a simple schematic event, seen as goal-directed action and reaction from 3years of age. In our causal reaction event, a red square moved toward a blue square, stopping prior to contact. Blue began to move away before red stopped, so that ...
Widdup John - - 2012
Objective. To investigate access to a Universal Health Home Visit program for families of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal infants and the effect of a one-off home visit on subsequent health service utilisation. Methods. A case-control study was undertaken drawing 175 Aboriginal infants from an Aboriginal birth cohort study and 352 matched ...
Gaily Eija - - 2012
Infantile spasms syndrome (IS) (also known as West syndrome) is an epileptic encephalopathy with a heterogeneous etiology. One of the most common specific causes is tuberous sclerosis, diagnosed in almost 10% of the affected infants. Adrenocorticotropic hormone or steroids have been the preferred treatments for IS for several decades. Clinical ...
Anuntaseree Wanaporn W Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand. - - 2012
Sleep disturbance has been reported in both pre-school and older children with atopic dermatitis (AD). There have been no studies examining whether sleep disturbance occurs at the onset of the AD, or develops later. To evaluate sleep characteristics in infants with AD. A cross-sectional survey based on interviews with parents ...
Long Suzanne H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe the gross motor development of infants who had undergone cardiac surgery in the neonatal or early infant period. METHODS: Gross motor performance was assessed when infants were 4, 8, 12, and 16 months of age with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale. This scale is a discriminative gross ...
Rich Wade W University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California, USA. - - 2012
The Surfactant Positive Airway Pressure and Pulse Oximetry Randomized Trial (SUPPORT) antenatal consent study demonstrated that mothers of infants enrolled in the SUPPORT trial had significantly different demographics and exposure to antenatal steroids compared with mothers of eligible, but not enrolled infants. The objective of this analysis was to compare ...
Lister George G Department of Pediatrics, UTSW Medical School, Dallas, TX 75390-9063, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether infants at sleep in the prone side positions are at higher risk for an extreme cardiorespiratory event compared with infants at sleep in the supine position. We used a case-control study to compare sleep position, determined with an accelerometer, in 116 infants during an extreme cardiorespiratory event ...
Meldrum Suzanne J - - 2012
n-3 Long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) intake during infancy is important for neurodevelopment; however, previous studies of n-3 LC-PUFA supplementation have been inconclusive possibly due to an insufficient dose and limited methods of assessment. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of direct supplementation with high-dose fish oil (FO) on infant ...
Anderson Jeffrey B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The study goal was to evaluate interstage growth variation among sites participating in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative registry caring for infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and to identify nutritional practices common among sites achieving best growth outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of ...
Long Suzanne H - - 2012
Previous research on developmental outcomes of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) has shown delays in both cognitive and motor skills. To describe outcomes on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition (Bayley-III) for infants with CHD and to compare those findings to published results for similar ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess within a feasibility study the correlation, agreement, and trending of continuous integrated distal capnography (dCap) with PaCO(2) in infants on HFV. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen premature infants [median (range) gestational age: 26.5 (24.7-34.7) weeks], ventilated with HFV (mean ± SD airway pressure: 8.1 ± 2.1 cmH(2) O, FiO(2) : 0.39 ± 0.21) for RDS, intubated ...
Chung-Park Min S - - 2012
This study's objective was to assess the knowledge, opinions, and practices of infants' sleep positions and their association with demographics. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to survey a convenience sample of military beneficiary parents being seen at a military treatment facility in the United States. A 19-item investigator-designed questionnaire ...
Sgandurra Giuseppina - - 2012
Learning to grasp an object is an important milestone in neurological development during infancy. Several studies report development of reaching in infants but less attention is devoted to reaching with successful grasping and to development of grip force. This study investigates, in the first weeks of life, the development of ...
Aladangady Narendra - - 2012
In the last two decades the survival of extreme preterm infants and sick newborn infants has improved significantly due to the advances in perinatal medicine. Despite this advance, for some babies, withholding or withdrawal of life sustaining treatment may be the best option in the interest of the baby. An ...
Darlow Brian A - - 2012
Increased survival of preterm infants in developing countries has often been accompanied by increased morbidity. A previous study found rates of severe retinopathy of prematurity varied widely between different neonatal units in Rio de Janeiro. Nurses have a key role in the care of high-risk infants but often do not ...
Fewtrell M S - - 2012
Data on clinical safety and efficacy are ideally collected in a randomized clinical trial or, failing this, an observational study. Suitable outcomes vary depending on the intervention and population group, and certain outcomes such as growth may test both efficacy and safety. The use of growth as an important safety ...
Panahi Yunes - - 2012
Diaper dermatitis (DD) is a common inflammatory disorder among children and infants. The objective of the present randomized and double-blind trial was to compare the therapeutic efficacies of aloe vera cream and Calendula officinalis ointment on the frequency and severity of DD in children. Sixty-six infants with DD (aged < ...
Oberg Gunn Kristin - - 2012
Knowledge about early physiotherapy to preterm infants is sparse, given the risk of delayed motor development and cerebral palsy. A pragmatic randomized controlled study has been designed to assess the effect of a preventative physiotherapy program carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit. Moreover, a qualitative study is carried ...
Cook Fallon - - 2012
Infant crying and sleep problems (e.g. frequent night waking, difficulties settling to sleep) each affect up to 30% of infants and often co-exist. They are costly to manage and associated with adverse outcomes including postnatal depression symptoms, early weaning from breast milk, and later child behaviour problems. Preventing such problems ...
Howlett Alexandra - - 2012
Inositol is an essential nutrient required by human cells in culture for growth and survival. Inositol promotes maturation of several components of surfactant and may play a critical role in fetal and early neonatal life. To assess the effectiveness/safety of supplementary inositol in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) ...
Gillies Donna - - 2012
Because of the association of prone positioning with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) it is recommended that young infants be placed on their backs (supine). However, the prone position may be a non-invasive way of increasing oxygenation in participants with acute respiratory distress. Because of substantial differences in respiratory mechanics ...
Chaudhari Tejasvi - - 2012
Delayed neuronal death following a perinatal hypoxic insult is due partly to xanthine oxidase-mediated production of cytotoxic free radicals. Evidence exists that allopurinol, a xanthine-oxidase inhibitor, reduces delayed cell death in experimental models of perinatal asphyxia and in people with organ reperfusion injury. To determine the effect of allopurinol on ...
Bredemeyer Sandie L - - 2012
It has been proposed that the use of body positioning may be a more effective way to reduce clinically significant apnoea than the use of more invasive measures. To determine the effect of body positioning on cardiorespiratory functioning in spontaneously breathing preterm infants with clinically significant apnoea. We searched the ...
Kylat Ranjit I - - 2012
Sepsis is a common problem in preterm and term infants. The incidence of neonatal sepsis has declined, but mortality remains high. Recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) possess a broad spectrum of activity modulating coagulation and inflammation. In septic adults it may reduce mortality, but no significant benefit has been ...
Wagner Jennifer V E - - 2012
Endogenous glutamine biosynthesis may be insufficient to meet the needs of people with severe gastrointestinal disease. Studies using experimental animal models and controlled trials in adult patients with severe gastrointestinal disease have suggested that glutamine supplementation improves clinical outcomes. This review examines evidence for the effect of glutamine supplementation in ...
Chu Shih-Ming - - 2012
Preterm survivors from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are considered to be at risk for some neurobehavioral disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current study aimed to explore the relationship between ADHD and premature infants in Taiwan. A total of 195 children (157 males and 38 females) diagnosed ...
Prosser Laura A - - 2012
To design a novel mobility training intervention incorporating infant motor learning and neurorehabilitation principles and investigate its feasibility, tolerability and effect on motor development in toddlers with cerebral palsy (CP). A single-subject research design with repeated measures during 6-week baseline and intervention phases and after treatment withdrawal was used. Five ...
Reulecke Sina - - 2012
The immature autonomic nervous system (ANS) in premature infants regulates heart rate (HR) and respiration different during quiet sleep (QS) and active sleep (AS). Little information is available about ANS regulation in these subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in autonomic regulation and cardiorespiratory coupling during ...
Norman Jane E JE University of Edinburgh MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4TY, UK. - - 2012
Preterm birth is a global problem, with a prevalence of 8 to 12% depending on location. Several large trials and systematic reviews have shown progestogens to be effective in preventing or delaying preterm birth in selected high risk women with a singleton pregnancy (including those with a short cervix or ...
Renfrew Mary J MJ Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2012
There is extensive evidence of important health risks for infants and mothers related to not breastfeeding. In 2003, the World Health Organization recommended infants be exclusively breastfed until six months of age, with breastfeeding continuing as an important part of the infant's diet till at least two years of age. ...
Beebe Beatrice B New York State Psychiatric - - 2012
Despite important recent progress in understanding disorganized attachment, we still lack a full understanding of the mechanisms of disorganized attachment formation and transmission prior to 12 months. In this paper we lay out our recommendations for the study of the 4-month origins of disorganized attachment. In our subsequent Paper II ...
Carpenter Lee - - 2012
Differentiating features were sought for respiratory distress after water birth versus air birth in term low-risk babies. Clinical and X-ray features were to be assessed to determine if the disease processes could be differentiated. Review of case records and X-rays over a 7-year period for all admitted babies with respiratory ...
Anwar Zahid - - 2011
Objective: To determine the outcome of the babies in terms of mortality with the diagnosis of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS). Study Design: An observational study. Place and Duration of Study: The Neonatal Unit of Services Institute of Medical Sciences and Services Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from February 2008 to January 2009. ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2012
The purpose of this review was to assess effectiveness of nonsurgical treatment on irritable behavior of infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease. A systematic literature review was conducted. Research targeted treatment for irritability in infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease. All interventions including placebo were similar in reducing irritability. Which specific intervention ...
Cakmak Yusuf Ozgur - - 2011
Lack of knowledge about the pathophysiology of infantile colic limits the development of effective drugs and treatment modalities including acupuncture. Acupuncture research has targeted the baby without considering the mother. However, the pathophysiological clues indicate that infantile colic is a shared pathology between the mother and the baby, especially in ...
Kandasamy Y - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to determine the normal retinal microvasculature measurements in human infants who are born at term and to determine whether birth weight influences measurements of retinal microvasculature. Retinal arteriole and venule measurements were obtained in a cohort of 24 infants who were born at term. ...
Hirst Jane E - - 2011
Background:  Over 2.6 million babies are stillborn every year mostly in low- and middle-income countries, where cause of death remains often unexplained. Aim:  To determine the applicability and utility of the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand (PSANZ) Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for Perinatal Mortality in reducing the proportion ...
Baum Nehami - - 2011
In this article we present the findings of a qualitative examination of 30 mothers of very-low-birth-weight babies. Interviews conducted with the mothers when the babies were still in neonatal hospitalization show that virtually all the mothers described their delivery both as a traumatic event, and as a nonevent in which ...
Cartwright Kim - - 2011
To explore parents' perceptions of their infants' participation in randomized control trials (RCTs) and the implications of the RCT for their infant and themselves. A qualitative study using semistructured interviews. Participants were identified from neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) clinical registers and from responses to an advertisement put on the ...
Altunhan Hüseyin - - 2011
Additional congenital anomalies have often been found in patients with orofacial clefts. We wanted to find out the incidence and type of congenital malformations that may accompany cleft palate (CP) and cleft lip and palate (CLP) in babies born in the Konya region. A total of 121 newborn babies with ...
Ferrari Alize J - - 2011
Over 10% of preterm infants develop major disabilities, 50% develop behavioural problems and 40% need special education (Huddy et al., 2001; Webster, 2003). Prem Baby Triple P is a new variant of the Positive Parenting Program (Triple P) adapted specifically for parents of very preterm infants. The aim of this ...
Lord Catherine - - 2011
Onset/worsening of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during the perinatal period are frequently seen clinically. No specific tool assessing the unique content, context, severity, and onset of perinatal OCD exists. A self-report scale of perinatal obsessions and compulsions, the Perinatal Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (POCS), was developed and validated. A total of 162 women ...
Munson Margi - - 2011
LATE PRETERM INFANTS HAVE received coverage in many medical and nursing journals over the past few years. Lately, they have made the lay press as well, with reports such as this one, "Attention pregnant women: No, you cannot spring the baby early because you're tired of swelling, heartburn, and frequent ...
Gribble Karleen D - - 2011
It is well known that exclusive breastfeeding provides protection against diarrhoeal infection, but the mechanisms behind this protection are poorly understood. In addition, it is well known that feeding a baby artificial baby milk dramatically increases the risk of diarrhoeal illness severe enough to require medical treatment, including hospitalisation, but ...
Abu Habib Ndema - - 2011
Adverse conditions in Africa produce some of the highest rates of infant mortality in the world. Fetal growth restriction and preterm delivery are commonly regarded as major pathways through which conditions in the developing world affect infant survival. The aim of this article was to compare patterns of birthweight, preterm ...
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