Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 443
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Datta Asok K - - 2008
An eight month old male infant with protein energy malnutrition was admitted in the hospital with the history of repeated attacks of convulsion since four months of age. He was also suffering from frequent attacks of cough and cold since 6 months of age which was marked prior to admission. ...
Amaral Lia Q - - 2008
In all higher nonhuman primates, species survival depends upon safe carrying of infants clinging to body hair of adults. In this work, measurements of mechanical properties of ape hair (gibbon, orangutan, and gorilla) are presented, focusing on constraints for safe infant carrying. Results of hair tensile properties are shown to ...
Peleg Mordechai - - 2007
The occurrence of mercury depletion events (MDE) in the Polar Regions during the spring periods has raised global concern due to the biomagnifications of the deposited mercury into the aquatic food chain. However, it now appears that MDE is not limited to the Polar Regions and can also occur at ...
Van Neste Dominique - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: Classically, the hair cycle is described as a sequence of three successive phases: a hair-growth phase named anagen, a regression phase or catagen and a resting phase or telogen. In rodents, it appears that the resting hair follicle population contains also a new phase that has been identified recently ...
Staudigel J A - - 2007
There is a continuing need for hair care formulas to deliver superior conditioning benefits with highly efficient deposition of hair-enhancing components. In this paper, we describe high-charge-density (3.0 mEq/g) cassia hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride (cassia HPTC), a quaternized galactomannan from the endosperm of Cassia tora and Cassia obtusifolia. Cassia HPTC is shown ...
Samanta Gautam - - 2007
Two hundred and twenty-six breast milk samples were collected from lactating women from 3 blocks of North-24 Paragans, one of the arsenic-affected districts of West Bengal, India. Out of 226 samples, only in 39 samples arsenic was detected. Urine, hair, and nail samples were also analyzed to know the arsenic ...
Savenkov Sergey N - - 2007
A theoretical analysis of eigenpolarizations and eigenvalues pertaining to the Jones matrices of dichroic, birefringent, and degenerate polarization elements is presented. The analysis is carried out employing a general model of a polarization element. Expressions for the corresponding polarization elements are derived and analyzed. It is shown that, despite the ...
Harper D L - - 2007
Previous studies with the single fiber torsion pendulum have alluded to the ability of this device to selectively measure different regions of a fiber, namely, the core and the sheath. This selective ability of the torsion pendulum was explored further as a means of better understanding treatments effects. First, a ...
Hashimoto Haruo - - 2007
Ontogenetic changes of USVs were investigated to establish an index of stress in infant rats. The USVs were obtained by exposing infant rats to cold stress and were analyzed by real-time spectrography. USV waveforms consisted of four types, R-I, II, III and IV. These USVs were closely monitored at the ...
Yoshiba Nagako - - 2007
Matrix remodeling is regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Periostin, originally identified in a mouse osteoblastic library, plays a role in cell adhesion and migration and in mechanical stress-induced matrix remodeling. In this study, we analyzed and compared the distribution patterns of TIMP-2 and periostin ...
Kaplowitz Paul - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In recent years, an increasing number of infants have been seen with fine hair in the genital area and no other signs of androgen excess, but the hormonal basis of this finding is unknown. AIM: To compare steroid profiles in infants with genital hair with age-matched control infants, using ...
Zaida Farida - - 2007
In order to assess the contamination burden of infants from the city of Marrakech (Morocco), hair lead and aluminium concentrations were studied in a sample of 573 infants, aged 0 to 12 months, and correlated with the infants descriptors such as age, gender and the parents occupations. Moreover, the two ...
Hergenroeder Albert C - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to predict calcaneal QUS measurements in healthy adolescent females as a function of anthropometric measures, pubertal stage and menarchal status. This was a secondary data analysis from a 2-year intervention designed to increase bone accretion. Simple Pearson correlation and Spearman's rank correlation analyses, followed ...
Haene R A - - 2007
An 11-week-old infant presented with swelling and discoloration of the left second toe because of hair thread tourniquet syndrome. This was treated by urgent surgical release of the constricting band, with a successful outcome. The authors stress the importance of recognising this rare condition and of prompt, complete, surgical release.
Yamada Janet - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As preterm and term infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) undergo multiple stressful/painful procedures, research is required that addresses chronic stress. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether (a) hair cortisol levels differed between term and preterm infants exposed to stress in the NICU and (b) an association exists between ...
Ruangritnamchai C - - 2007
To determine the incidence of clinically unrecognized critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in the newborns by using pulse oximetric screening. Pulse oximetry was performed on clinically normal newborns at 24-48 hours of age. If screening oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) was below 95%, echocardiography was then performed. Data regarding true and false ...
Branchi Igor - - 2006
Altricial rodent pups emit ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs), which are whistle-like sounds with frequencies between 30 and 90 kHz. These signals play an important communicative role in mother-offspring interaction because they elicit in the dam a prompt response as concerning care-giving behaviors. To investigate neurobehavioral development, the analysis of the number ...
Siegel Dawn H - - 2006
We report four infants born with necrotic caput succedaneum that led to a scarring alopecia with ongoing inflammation and persistent scale-crust. These lesions did not significantly improve with topical or oral antibiotics, but did respond somewhat to topical corticosteroids. Alopecia with chronic erosive scale-crust and a moderate response to topical ...
Marques Rejane Corrêa - - 2007
Fish is an important item in the diet of Amazonians, and per se is their best single source of essential nutrients. Rapid urbanization and migration are bringing changes in dietary habits of Amazonians. Exposure to fish-Hg during pregnancy and lactation were studied in 100 women and newborns from Porto Velho. ...
Souad Chadrame - - 2006
A sample of 573 infants (aged 0 to 12 months) from the Moroccan city of Marrakech was studied in order to determine the level of Pb and Al contaminations. Mean values of Pb and Al in children's hair were 6.6 and 9.5 microg/l, respectively. Age, gender, and parents' occupation influenced ...
Papadimitriou Anastasios - - 2006
Nine male infants who developed scrotal hair with no other signs of virilization were evaluated. Median age for the development of scrotal hair was 4.5 months, and median age at presentation was 7.5 months. Endocrinologic investigations performed in 6 of the infants yielded normal findings. The scrotal hair receded at ...
Gibicar Darija - - 2006
A group of islands with a total population of about 200,000 was identified in the Eastern Aegean, where there was evidence to suggest possible increased exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) through consumption of fresh local fish and other seafood from seas bordered by mercury-bearing rock. A feasibility study was conducted to ...
Nebesio Todd D - - 2006
Pubic hair of infancy is a rare condition that has not been well-characterized. A retrospective chart review of infants <12 months of age who presented to our pediatric endocrine clinics with isolated pubic hair over the last 5 years was performed. Eleven patients were identified (6 male and 5 female). ...
Steinmetz Hanspeter W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have characterized alopecia in captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) by a mixed partial to complete alopecia in a bilateral symmetric pattern. METHODS: In this study, coat condition assessments were related to exogenous and endogenous factors in captive rhesus macaques under different housing conditions in order to identify ...
Caprara Daniela L - - 2005
Elevated levels of fatty acid ethyl esters have been documented in the meconium of neonates born to heavily drinking mothers. Recently, accumulation of FAEE has been documented in the hair of drinking adults. To be able to use this test in the diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, one needs ...
Camino Nora B - - 2005
Cephalobellus cyclocephalae n. sp. (Oxyurida: Thelastomatidae), a parasite of larvae of Cyclocephala signaticollis (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae), found in Argentina is described and illustrated. It is characterized by the cuticle striated at the anterior end in both sexes, with 15 annules, buccal cavity short and not armed, and the male with 4 ...
Mackey Simon - - 2005
The hair-tourniquet syndrome involves circumferential strangulation of an appendage by a human hair or fibre and usually affects infants under the age of 2. It is an emergency condition that induces progressive oedema, ischaemia and tissue necrosis and can lead to the autoamputation of digits or other strangulated structures. Though ...
Chang Byung Soo - - 2005
Weathering or long-term burial may cause profound morphological and histological changes in hair, which may affect the results of forensic and archaeological investigations. We therefore used ultramicroscopic techniques to assay the changes in weathering hair shafts caused by burial for up to 25 years. We found that the middle portion ...
Motz Benjamin A - - 2005
Negative geotaxis, an automatic, reliable, stimulus-bound, orientation and movement directionally against gravitational cues, is often used for behavioral assessments of infant rodents. We summarize historical and contemporary analyses and conclude that negative geotaxis does not exist in infant rats. Infant rodents placed on inclined surfaces (ranging from 15 degrees to ...
Torrelo Antonio - - 2005
Nevus psiloliparus is a distinct type of mesodermal nevus of the scalp characterized by absence or paucity of hair, and presence of an excessive amount of fatty tissue. It is considered a hallmark of encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis, a rare disorder comprising a variety of cutaneous, ophthalmologic, and neurologic defects. We report ...
Gagnaire François - - 2005
Some aromatic solvents (e.g. toluene, p-xylene, styrene, and ethylbenzene) show, in the rat, striking ototoxicity characterized by an irreversible hearing loss, as measured by behavioural or electrophysiological methods, associated with damage to outer hair cells in the cochlea of the exposed animals. To broaden the range of aromatic solvents studied ...
Sukontason Kom - - 2005
The morphology of the second and third instars of Chrysomya villeneuvi Patton, a fly species of forensic importance, was presented by use of light microscopy. Both instars were of hairy appearance, bearing elongated tubercles along the abdominal and caudal segments. The anterior spiracle had 13-15 papillae. Minute dark spots were ...
Lin Dong-Liang - - 2004
As a highly valued ingredient of Chinese medicinal remedies, musk is used as a detoxification agent and for treating fever, inflammation and swelling, and pain. Muscone (3-methylcyclopentadecanone-1), an odoriferous secretion from the ventral glands of male musk deer, is believed to be the active ingredient. A small amount of muscopyridine ...
Zimmerman Teresa J - - 2004
On 1 October 2001, a 4-mo-old male white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) fawn was collected in Day County, South Dakota (USA), by South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks personnel. The fawn had sparse hair development on the ventral thorax, the lateral caudal and caudal aspects of the rear legs, ...
Milicević Ante - - 2004
Zagreb indices were reformulated in terms of the edge-degrees instead of the vertex-degrees as the original Zagreb indices. Three types of Zagreb indices were considered: original, modified and variable Zagreb indices. It is found that the optimum exponent of the variable reformulated Zagreb M2 index (v = -1/2) is identical ...
Martins Alice - - 2003
The alkaloid composition of the aerial parts of two taxa of Teline maderensis was studied by capillary GLC and GLC-MS. N-Methylcytisine was the major alkaloid found in both plants. Contents of cytisine and lupanine were higher in T. maderensis var. paivae while anagyrine content was more pronounced in T. maderensis ...
Chari D M - - 2003
We have attempted to extend a previously described rat model of focal oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) depletion, using 40 Gy X-irradiation (Chari and Blakemore [2002] Glia 37:307-313), to the adult mouse spinal cord, to examine the ability of OPCs present in adjacent normal areas to colonise areas of progenitor depletion. ...
Shair Harry N - - 2003
It has been proposed that all ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in young rats are by-products of a cardiovascular response to decreased venous return, the abdominal compression reaction. To test the hypothesis, venous return was decreased in infant rats while USV and cardiovascular measures were monitored. Neither injection of the vasodilator sodium ...
Forman Stanislav - - 2003
RTX cytotoxins play an important role in virulence of numerous gram-negative pathogens. Unexpectedly, however, we show here that the RTX proteins of Neisseria meningitidis are dispensable for virulence in the infant rat model of infection.
Nguyen Thuy N - - 2003
Type II pneumocytes, normally responsible for surfactant production and release, are insufficiently formed and differentiated in the premature infant born before 34 weeks' gestation. Without an adequate amount of pulmonary surfactant, alveolar surface tension increases, leading to collapse and decreased lung compliance. Pulmonary surfactants are naturally occurring substances made of ...
Zamboni G - - 2003
Using the determination of thyroxine (T4) hair content, we studied 16 hypothyroid newborns diagnosed by means of our regional screening program, and five hypothyroid infants, undetected at birth, at diagnosis and after 3 months of substitutive therapy (8-10 microg/kg/day L-thyroxine in newborns; 15 microg/kg/day in infants), and 13 hyperthyroid adults. ...
Leri Francesco F Center for Studies in Behavioral Neurobiology, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. - - 2002
Although human studies have shown that a lapse, the first violation of abstinence, often induces resumption of drug taking, or relapse, it is not known what aspect of a lapse is critical to relapse or whether this phenomenon can be studied in other species. Rats were trained to self-administer heroin ...
Sharquie Khalifa E - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood sugar and lipid profile in patients with premature grayness of hair. METHODS: This study was carried out from October 1999 and May 2000, at the Dermatology and Venereology Outpatient Clinic of Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Iraq. Sixty patients ...
Nomura Yoshihiro - - 2002
S-sulfokeratein is prepared through S-sulfonation after the cleavage of disulfide bonds in keratin using ditiothreitol in urea. S-sulfokeratein is composed of two fractions, matrix and microfibril components, and S-sulfokeratein from the matrix component (Bs) can regenerate disulfide bonds. In this study, the effects of Bs and partially reduced Bs on ...
Crowder Julie Anne - - 2002
Alopecia areata is a common cause of nonscarring hair loss in children and adults. In newborns and very young infants, however, it is thought to be extremely rare. In this article we describe five cases of alopecia areata in patients less than 6 months of age and briefly discuss the ...
Harris Edwin J - - 2002
Infants are susceptible to digital ischemia if a toe is encircled by a strand of hair on some other similar material. Infants under 6 months are particularly at risk. There is often a delay of 3-4 days before the condition is recognized. Prompt removal is necessary in order to prevent ...
Kurokawa I - - 2002
In 14 cases of hidradenitis suppurativa, cytokeratin (CK) expression was studied immunohistochemically, using six antikeratin antibodies against CK1, CK10, CK14, CK16, CK17 and CK19, respectively. The draining sinus tract epithelium of hidradenitis suppurativa lesions was divided into three components: infundibular-like keratinized epithelium (type A), non-infundibular keratinized epithelium (type B), and ...
Katikaneni Lakshmi D - - 2002
Hair analysis for the major metabolite of cocaine, benzoylecgonine (BZE) was performed in a cohort of 251 predominantly African-American newborns utilizing a modified radioimmunoassay (RIA) (Abuscreen Roche Laboratories, Nutley, N.J., USA). Maternal drug intake was confirmed by positive urine drug screen for cocaine metabolites at the time of delivery. The ...
LaRow J A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is common during childhood and rarely reported in infants. The four reported cases of AA in infants all exhibited circumscribed patches of alopecia that appeared at birth or shortly thereafter. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of alopecia areata universalis that developed after birth along with fingernail ...
Karatza A - - 2001
The presence of a persistently patent arterial duct is common in premature neonates and may be associated with high morbidity. Early accurate diagnosis, assessment of the significance of the left to right shunt and prompt treatment are required to improve the outcome in this infant population.
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