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Results 301 - 350 of 474
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Benzel Edward C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: For children who survive traumatic atlantooccipital dislocation (AOD), early surgical stabilization and arthrodesis of the occipitoatlantoaxial complex is typically performed. Because of the unique and crowded anatomy of the occipitocervical junction, the creation of a fusion construct that is both safe and biomechanically sound is extremely challenging, especially in ...
Gentry Katherine R - - 2012
  The aim of this retrospective review was to determine the feasibility, safety, and potential therapeutic effects of acupuncture in an inpatient infant population and to obtain data that would support the design of a randomized, controlled trial of acupuncture in infants.   Hospitalized infants are often exposed to sedative ...
Vijayasekaran D - - 2011
We report six months old infant with a history of recurrent wheeze, admitted for foreign body aspiration like presentation, where fibreoptic bronchoscopy revealed the diagnosis of tracheobronchomalacia.
Thoermer Claudia - - 2012
An implicit understanding of false belief indicated by anticipatory looking has been shown to be significantly correlated with performance on explicit false-belief tasks in 3- and 4-year-old children (Low, 2010). Recent evidence from infant research indicates, however, that implicit false-belief understanding guides infants' expectations about goal-directed actions even in the ...
Gitto Eloisa - - 2011
  Endotracheal intubation is a common painful procedure in newborn care. Neonates are more sensitive to pain than older infants, children, and adults, and this hypersensitivity is further exacerbated in preterm neonates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic activity of melatonin during endotracheal intubation of the ...
Basak Ratna B - - 2011
A 2-month-old infant presented to our emergency department with fever, altered consciousness, and focal seizures of acute onset. He had vesicular skin lesions over the right preauricular region. CT brain showed a large hypodense lesion involving the left temporo-parietal region, left basal ganglia and left thalamus. MRI brain revealed bilateral ...
Hallett B R - - 2011
One explanation for diminished opioid analgesic efficacy is opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). We report a case of OIH in an infant with gastroschisis, requiring multiple surgical interventions and prolonged sedation for ventilation. This is the first report of OIH in an infant. On day 41 of life after nine separate surgical ...
Lonati Davide - - 2011
An 8-month old girl, weighing 9 kg, was brought by her parents at 8.15 am to the Emergency Department (ED) for a progressive worsening of weakness and acute respiratory failure. On admission, the baby presented with poor oral intake, a weak cry and extremely weak muscular body control. Poor gag ...
Oche M O - - 2011
For almost all infants, breastfeeding remains the simplest, healthiest and least expensive feeding method that fulfils the infants' needs. Despite strong evidence in support of Exclusive breast feding (EBF) for the first six months of life, its prevalence has remained low worldwide. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving women ...
Ezeukwu A O - - 2011
Clinicians are constantly seeking for the most ideal option in the management of Congenital Talipes Equino Varus (CTEV), especially among infants. This case report presents the outcome of a one year Physiotherapy management of an infant with Congenital Talipes Equino Varus (CTEV). Management commenced 48 hours after birth. During the ...
Chowdhury Olie - - 2011
Few studies have examined ventilatory modes exclusively in infants born at term. Synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) compared to intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) is associated with a shorter duration of ventilation. The limited data on pressure support, volume targeted ventilation and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist demonstrate only short term benefits ...
Amalaradjou Mary Anne Roshni - - 2011
The efficacy of trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), an ingredient in cinnamon oil, for inhibiting biofilm synthesis (560 and 750 μM TC) and inactivating mature biofilms (23 and 38 mM TC) of Cronobacter sakazakii was investigated at 24 and 12°C in the presence and absence of reconstituted infant formula on polystyrene plates, stainless ...
Yang Jiale - - 2011
We examined glossiness perception in infants using a preferential looking paradigm. In experiment 1, the images of two doll-shaped objects with matte and glossy surfaces were presented to infants aged 5 to 6 and 7 to 8 months. The results showed that the 7 to 8 month olds, but not ...
Haydardedeoglu Bulent - - 2011
Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality, as well as certain metabolic diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes and hypertension in adult life. In this report, the authors describe a case of successful neonatal resuscitation after caesarean delivery in a severe growth-restricted fetus with ...
Chohan Bhavna H - - 2011
The aim of this study was to develop an economical 'in-house' single round polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using filter paper-dried blood spots (FP-DBS) for early infant HIV-1 diagnosis and to evaluate its performance in an African setting. An 'in-house' single round PCR assay that targets conserved regions in the ...
Schlittler Diana X C - - 2010
The motorized treadmill elicits stepping in infants, however the effects of belt speed on treadmill-elicited stepping patterns are still unknown. To examine the effect of belt speed on treadmill-elicited infant stepping. Six normally developing infants, aged between 11 and 13 months and acquiring independent walking, were videotaped while stepping on ...
Pederiva Federica - - 2010
Pulmonary morbidity in survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is caused by hypoplasia, barotraumas, or other reasons. We have previously shown deficient tracheal innervation in rats with CDH. Now we examine whether bronchopulmonary innervation is also abnormal in both infants and rats with CDH. Sections of E15, E18, and E21 ...
Morini L - - 2010
This study investigated ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) concentration in meconium and in maternal and neonatal hair (HEtG and HFAEEs, respectively) as potential markers of intrauterine exposure to ethanol together with meconium fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in a cohort of 99 mother-infant dyads, 49 coming from the ...
Kulkarni Ketan - - 2010
Multiple lung abscesses are extremely rare in healthy children. We report a case of polymicrobial bilateral lung abscess in a 9-month-old previously well infant presenting with a short history of fever and respiratory distress. The management options and outcome are discussed.
Dufour Deirdre Nathalie - - 2010
Naevus comedonicus is a rare, benign hamartoma consisting of grouped abnormal hair follicles and, occasionally, associated with other diseases. We describe an infant who developed hidradenitis-like lesions in an inguinal naevus comedonicus following increased mechanical stress on the region. It is speculated that the degree of strain on a hair ...
Vaibhav Atul - - 2010
Subaponeurotic or subgaleal fluid collection is a rare but important cause of scalp swelling in young infants. Fluid in the subaponeurotic or subgaleal space presents as soft, ill-defined, fluctuant, highly mobile scalp swelling and is not limited by suture lines, which makes it clinically very distinct from other scalp swellings. ...
Marques R C - - 2010
AIM: We studied the effect on neurodevelopment of infants who are exposed to thimerosal in tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccines during pregnancy. METHODS: We compared Gesell Developmental Schedules (GDS) of exclusive breastfed infants at 6 months born to mothers who received Td (1 to 3 doses) against those who were born to ...
Dettmer Amanda M AM Neuroscience and Behavior Program, University of Massachusetts, Tobin Hall, 135 Hicks Way, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. - - 2009
Although high circulating levels of glucocorticoids are associated with impaired cognitive performance in adults, less is known about this relationship in infancy. Furthermore, because studies have relied on acute cortisol measures in blood plasma or saliva, interpretation of the results may be difficult as acute measures may in part reflect ...
Riedel Anett - - 2010
The temporal dissociation between early information acquisition and output of complex behaviors is a common principle during development. Thus, although infant rats are not able to generate sufficient avoidance behavior during two-way active avoidance (TWA) training they obviously deposit a certain "memory trace" (Sch?ble, Poeggel, Braun, & Gruss, 2007). The ...
Beck Hall P - - 2009
In 1920, John Watson and Rosalie Rayner claimed to have conditioned a baby boy, Albert, to fear a laboratory rat. In subsequent tests, they reported that the child's fear generalized to other furry objects. After the last testing session, Albert disappeared, creating one of the greatest mysteries in the history ...
Marques Rejane C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between infant hair-Hg and Gesell schedules (GS). BACKGROUND: Longitudinal assessment of prenatal and postnatal Hg exposure during the first 60 months. METHODS: We used hair-Hg as a marker of postnatal Hg exposure (inorganic and methyl-Hg from breast milk, and ethyl-Hg from thimerosal) and GS measured ...
Appaji Rao R - - 2009
Kaumarbhritya a branch of Asthanga Ayurveda deals with neonatal, infant and child health care. Multicentric studies conducted in various developed and developing countries have indicated that Infant Mortality Rate (I.M.R.) is very high in developing countries, and infection has been observed as the major cause. Immune system in neonates is ...
Ostrea Enrique M EM - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine optimum biomarkers to detect fetal exposure to environmental pesticides by the simultaneous analysis of maternal (hair and blood) and infant (cord blood, infant hair or meconium) matrices and to determine if a combination of these biomarkers will further increase the detection rate. ...
Magos Laszlo - - 2008
Due to its ability to avidly accumulate methyl mercury from blood, scalp hair has been widely used as a biological monitor for human exposure. The question arises that hair may also be an important route of elimination of methyl mercury from the body. Taking original publications and reviews on the ...
Storeygard Adam - - 2008
We describe the compilation of a spatially explicit dataset detailing infant mortality rates in over 10,000 national and subnational units worldwide, benchmarked to the year 2000. Although their resolution is highly variable, subnational data are available for countries representing over 90% of non-OECD population. Concentration of global infant deaths is ...
Tkalcec Zdenko - - 2008
A new species, Gloiocephala cerkezii, is described from Croatia. It is characterized by a pale brown to rusty brown pileus, an elongated central to slightly eccentric stipe, vein-like lamellae, large and elongate spores, subcapitate to capitate cystidia, a gelatinized trama, and the absence of hairs on the pileus and stipe. ...
Datta Asok K - - 2008
An eight month old male infant with protein energy malnutrition was admitted in the hospital with the history of repeated attacks of convulsion since four months of age. He was also suffering from frequent attacks of cough and cold since 6 months of age which was marked prior to admission. ...
Amaral Lia Q - - 2008
In all higher nonhuman primates, species survival depends upon safe carrying of infants clinging to body hair of adults. In this work, measurements of mechanical properties of ape hair (gibbon, orangutan, and gorilla) are presented, focusing on constraints for safe infant carrying. Results of hair tensile properties are shown to ...
Peleg Mordechai - - 2007
The occurrence of mercury depletion events (MDE) in the Polar Regions during the spring periods has raised global concern due to the biomagnifications of the deposited mercury into the aquatic food chain. However, it now appears that MDE is not limited to the Polar Regions and can also occur at ...
Van Neste Dominique - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: Classically, the hair cycle is described as a sequence of three successive phases: a hair-growth phase named anagen, a regression phase or catagen and a resting phase or telogen. In rodents, it appears that the resting hair follicle population contains also a new phase that has been identified recently ...
Staudigel J A - - 2007
There is a continuing need for hair care formulas to deliver superior conditioning benefits with highly efficient deposition of hair-enhancing components. In this paper, we describe high-charge-density (3.0 mEq/g) cassia hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride (cassia HPTC), a quaternized galactomannan from the endosperm of Cassia tora and Cassia obtusifolia. Cassia HPTC is shown ...
Samanta Gautam - - 2007
Two hundred and twenty-six breast milk samples were collected from lactating women from 3 blocks of North-24 Paragans, one of the arsenic-affected districts of West Bengal, India. Out of 226 samples, only in 39 samples arsenic was detected. Urine, hair, and nail samples were also analyzed to know the arsenic ...
Savenkov Sergey N - - 2007
A theoretical analysis of eigenpolarizations and eigenvalues pertaining to the Jones matrices of dichroic, birefringent, and degenerate polarization elements is presented. The analysis is carried out employing a general model of a polarization element. Expressions for the corresponding polarization elements are derived and analyzed. It is shown that, despite the ...
Harper D L - - 2007
Previous studies with the single fiber torsion pendulum have alluded to the ability of this device to selectively measure different regions of a fiber, namely, the core and the sheath. This selective ability of the torsion pendulum was explored further as a means of better understanding treatments effects. First, a ...
Hashimoto Haruo - - 2007
Ontogenetic changes of USVs were investigated to establish an index of stress in infant rats. The USVs were obtained by exposing infant rats to cold stress and were analyzed by real-time spectrography. USV waveforms consisted of four types, R-I, II, III and IV. These USVs were closely monitored at the ...
Yoshiba Nagako - - 2007
Matrix remodeling is regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Periostin, originally identified in a mouse osteoblastic library, plays a role in cell adhesion and migration and in mechanical stress-induced matrix remodeling. In this study, we analyzed and compared the distribution patterns of TIMP-2 and periostin ...
Kaplowitz Paul - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In recent years, an increasing number of infants have been seen with fine hair in the genital area and no other signs of androgen excess, but the hormonal basis of this finding is unknown. AIM: To compare steroid profiles in infants with genital hair with age-matched control infants, using ...
Zaida Farida - - 2007
In order to assess the contamination burden of infants from the city of Marrakech (Morocco), hair lead and aluminium concentrations were studied in a sample of 573 infants, aged 0 to 12 months, and correlated with the infants descriptors such as age, gender and the parents occupations. Moreover, the two ...
Hergenroeder Albert C AC Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030-2399, USA. - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to predict calcaneal QUS measurements in healthy adolescent females as a function of anthropometric measures, pubertal stage and menarchal status. This was a secondary data analysis from a 2-year intervention designed to increase bone accretion. Simple Pearson correlation and Spearman's rank correlation analyses, followed ...
Haene R A - - 2007
An 11-week-old infant presented with swelling and discoloration of the left second toe because of hair thread tourniquet syndrome. This was treated by urgent surgical release of the constricting band, with a successful outcome. The authors stress the importance of recognising this rare condition and of prompt, complete, surgical release.
Yamada Janet - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As preterm and term infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) undergo multiple stressful/painful procedures, research is required that addresses chronic stress. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether (a) hair cortisol levels differed between term and preterm infants exposed to stress in the NICU and (b) an association exists between ...
Ruangritnamchai C - - 2007
To determine the incidence of clinically unrecognized critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in the newborns by using pulse oximetric screening. Pulse oximetry was performed on clinically normal newborns at 24-48 hours of age. If screening oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) was below 95%, echocardiography was then performed. Data regarding true and false ...
Branchi Igor - - 2006
Altricial rodent pups emit ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs), which are whistle-like sounds with frequencies between 30 and 90 kHz. These signals play an important communicative role in mother-offspring interaction because they elicit in the dam a prompt response as concerning care-giving behaviors. To investigate neurobehavioral development, the analysis of the number ...
Siegel Dawn H - - 2006
We report four infants born with necrotic caput succedaneum that led to a scarring alopecia with ongoing inflammation and persistent scale-crust. These lesions did not significantly improve with topical or oral antibiotics, but did respond somewhat to topical corticosteroids. Alopecia with chronic erosive scale-crust and a moderate response to topical ...
Marques Rejane Corrêa - - 2007
Fish is an important item in the diet of Amazonians, and per se is their best single source of essential nutrients. Rapid urbanization and migration are bringing changes in dietary habits of Amazonians. Exposure to fish-Hg during pregnancy and lactation were studied in 100 women and newborns from Porto Velho. ...
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