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Parad Richard B - - 2012
Pediatric radiologists are frequently called upon to render interpretations of chest radiographs performed on premature infants with chronic respiratory problems. After the acute phase of surfactant deficiency (respiratory distress syndrome), infants with persistent respiratory problems are loosely categorized by clinicians as evolving toward a broad, rather vague entity called bronchopulmonary ...
Nimeri Nuha Agm - - 2012
Non-compaction of the ventricular myocardium is a congenital dysfunction of ventricular morphogenesis caused by the arrest of normal embryogenesis of the ventricles. It is considered as a rare disease and can involve both ventricles but commonly the left ventricle. It is classified into isolated non-compaction of the ventricles and non-compaction ...
Campos Denise - - 2012
: To compare motor and cognitive performance in infants with typical development in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 6th, 9th, and 12th months after birth. : This was a repeated-measures study with unequal sample sizes in the follow-up periods, comprising 94 infants born at term. Infants with genetic syndromes, malformations, congenital ...
Guzganu Ionela Loredana - - 2012
A 4.5-month-old baby girl presented to hospital with a 2-day history of watery diarrhea and fever. Rehydration and electrolytic balance were restored with intravenous fluid therapy followed by oral rehydration solution but diarrhea did not improve by the fourth day of hospitalization despite treatment with a probiotic. The patient was ...
Hajia Massoud - - 2012
Even with high coverage of vaccination programs, Bordetella pertussis is still reported in various countries. It causes a high rate of mortality and morbidity in infants while it could be asymptomatic in adults. At the present study, we are going to evaluate the frequency of B. pertussis among received specimens. ...
Tharini Gk - - 2012
We report a ten-month-old male infant, presenting with congenital hypotrichosis of scalp, absence of eyebrows and eyelashes. He also had multiple milia over face and extremities along with palmoplantar pits. The infant was born to third degree consanguineous marriage. None of the family members had similar disease. Histopathology was consistent ...
Aziz Hassan A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to report on the incidence and treatment outcomes of endogenous endophthalmitis among newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a single medical center. This was a noncomparative, retrospective case series of endogenous endophthalmitis among infants at the Jackson Memorial Hospital NICU treated ...
Adrouche-Amrani Lynda - - 2012
The optimal treatment regimen or protocol for managing a persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants has not been well established. This study was aimed at evaluating the failure rate of a cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor (COI) for PDA closure and to determine the incidence of ...
Rüegger Christoph - - 2012
Over the last two decades, improvements in medical care have been associated with a significant increase and better outcome of very preterm (VP, < 32 completed gestational weeks) and very low birth weight (VLBW, < 1500 g) infants. Only a few publications analyse changes of their short-term outcome in a ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2012
Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are widely acknowledged, opinions and recommendations are strongly divided on the optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Since 2001, the World Health Organization has recommended exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Much of the recent debate in developed countries has centred on the micronutrient adequacy, as ...
Nakagawa Atsuko - - 2012
Attention disengagement is reportedly influenced by perceiving a fearful facial expression even in the first year of life. In the present study, we examined whether individual differences in disengaging from fearful expressions predict temperamental negative affectivity. Twenty-six infants were studied longitudinally at 12, 18, 24, and 36 months, using an ...
Zhang Shuyi - - 2012
Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health (MNCH) household survey data are collected mainly with pen-and-paper. Smartphone data collection may have advantages over pen-and-paper, but little evidence exists on how they compare. To compare smartphone data collection versus the use of pen-and-paper for infant feeding practices of the MNCH household survey. We ...
Schnabel Anja - - 2012
Wheezing is a common symptom in infants and toddlers. Usually it occurs due to viral infection of the lower airways and no further diagnostic procedures are necessary. However in rare cases, other reasons such as anatomical malformation have to be considered. We report about an infant with recurrent episodes of ...
Zhu Feng-Cai - - 2012
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has been emerging as an important public problem over the past few decades, especially in Asian and Pacific regions. A national program on EV71 vaccine development against HFMD was initiated in China, in 2008, which called for a need for seroepidemiological study for the ...
van Wijk Renske M - - 2012
In The Netherlands, helmet therapy is a commonly used treatment in infants with skull deformation (deformational plagiocephaly or deformational brachycephaly). However, evidence of the effectiveness of this treatment remains lacking. The HEADS study (HElmet therapy Assessment in Deformed Skulls) aims to determine the effects and costs of helmet therapy compared ...
Holmberg Henrik H Department of Statistics , Umeå University , Umeå , - - 2012
This article considers the interfamily clustering of infant mortality (defined as mortality during the first year of life). We developed and evaluated statistical tools to detect clustering and a measure to quantify excess clustering for nineteenth-century data from Skellefteå, Sweden. The detection was performed using the standard methods of generalized ...
Azzopardi Denis D Centre for the Developing Brain, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Delay in implementing new treatments into clinical practice results in considerable health and economic opportunity costs. Data from the UK TOBY Cooling Register provides the opportunity to examine how one new effective therapy for newborn infants suspected of suffering asphyxial encephalopathy--therapeutic hypothermia- was implemented in the UK. We analysed returned ...
Kheir Abdelmoneim E M AE Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan. - - 2012
Infantile colic is one of the major challenges of parenthood. It is one of the common reasons parents seek medical advice during their child's first 3 months of life. It is defined as paroxysms of crying lasting more than 3 hours a day, occurring more than 3 days in any ...
Thompson Mark E - - 2012
Infants have a shorter neuraxial length and shorter skin to epidural space than adults. Even small amounts of migration may produce significant and unintended effects. Optimal fixation to prevent migration, bacterial colonization, and leakage is not clear from the literature. We report the case of a thoracic epidural that migrated ...
Benzel Edward C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: For children who survive traumatic atlantooccipital dislocation (AOD), early surgical stabilization and arthrodesis of the occipitoatlantoaxial complex is typically performed. Because of the unique and crowded anatomy of the occipitocervical junction, the creation of a fusion construct that is both safe and biomechanically sound is extremely challenging, especially in ...
Gentry Katherine R - - 2012
  The aim of this retrospective review was to determine the feasibility, safety, and potential therapeutic effects of acupuncture in an inpatient infant population and to obtain data that would support the design of a randomized, controlled trial of acupuncture in infants.   Hospitalized infants are often exposed to sedative ...
Vijayasekaran D - - 2011
We report six months old infant with a history of recurrent wheeze, admitted for foreign body aspiration like presentation, where fibreoptic bronchoscopy revealed the diagnosis of tracheobronchomalacia.
Thoermer Claudia - - 2012
An implicit understanding of false belief indicated by anticipatory looking has been shown to be significantly correlated with performance on explicit false-belief tasks in 3- and 4-year-old children (Low, 2010). Recent evidence from infant research indicates, however, that implicit false-belief understanding guides infants' expectations about goal-directed actions even in the ...
Gitto Eloisa - - 2011
  Endotracheal intubation is a common painful procedure in newborn care. Neonates are more sensitive to pain than older infants, children, and adults, and this hypersensitivity is further exacerbated in preterm neonates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic activity of melatonin during endotracheal intubation of the ...
Basak Ratna B - - 2011
A 2-month-old infant presented to our emergency department with fever, altered consciousness, and focal seizures of acute onset. He had vesicular skin lesions over the right preauricular region. CT brain showed a large hypodense lesion involving the left temporo-parietal region, left basal ganglia and left thalamus. MRI brain revealed bilateral ...
Hallett B R - - 2011
One explanation for diminished opioid analgesic efficacy is opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). We report a case of OIH in an infant with gastroschisis, requiring multiple surgical interventions and prolonged sedation for ventilation. This is the first report of OIH in an infant. On day 41 of life after nine separate surgical ...
Lonati Davide - - 2011
An 8-month old girl, weighing 9 kg, was brought by her parents at 8.15 am to the Emergency Department (ED) for a progressive worsening of weakness and acute respiratory failure. On admission, the baby presented with poor oral intake, a weak cry and extremely weak muscular body control. Poor gag ...
Oche M O - - 2011
For almost all infants, breastfeeding remains the simplest, healthiest and least expensive feeding method that fulfils the infants' needs. Despite strong evidence in support of Exclusive breast feding (EBF) for the first six months of life, its prevalence has remained low worldwide. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving women ...
Ezeukwu A O - - 2011
Clinicians are constantly seeking for the most ideal option in the management of Congenital Talipes Equino Varus (CTEV), especially among infants. This case report presents the outcome of a one year Physiotherapy management of an infant with Congenital Talipes Equino Varus (CTEV). Management commenced 48 hours after birth. During the ...
Chowdhury Olie - - 2011
Few studies have examined ventilatory modes exclusively in infants born at term. Synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) compared to intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) is associated with a shorter duration of ventilation. The limited data on pressure support, volume targeted ventilation and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist demonstrate only short term benefits ...
Amalaradjou Mary Anne Roshni - - 2011
The efficacy of trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), an ingredient in cinnamon oil, for inhibiting biofilm synthesis (560 and 750 μM TC) and inactivating mature biofilms (23 and 38 mM TC) of Cronobacter sakazakii was investigated at 24 and 12°C in the presence and absence of reconstituted infant formula on polystyrene plates, stainless ...
Yang Jiale - - 2011
We examined glossiness perception in infants using a preferential looking paradigm. In experiment 1, the images of two doll-shaped objects with matte and glossy surfaces were presented to infants aged 5 to 6 and 7 to 8 months. The results showed that the 7 to 8 month olds, but not ...
Haydardedeoglu Bulent - - 2011
Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality, as well as certain metabolic diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes and hypertension in adult life. In this report, the authors describe a case of successful neonatal resuscitation after caesarean delivery in a severe growth-restricted fetus with ...
Chohan Bhavna H - - 2011
The aim of this study was to develop an economical 'in-house' single round polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using filter paper-dried blood spots (FP-DBS) for early infant HIV-1 diagnosis and to evaluate its performance in an African setting. An 'in-house' single round PCR assay that targets conserved regions in the ...
Schlittler Diana X C - - 2010
The motorized treadmill elicits stepping in infants, however the effects of belt speed on treadmill-elicited stepping patterns are still unknown. To examine the effect of belt speed on treadmill-elicited infant stepping. Six normally developing infants, aged between 11 and 13 months and acquiring independent walking, were videotaped while stepping on ...
Pederiva Federica - - 2010
Pulmonary morbidity in survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is caused by hypoplasia, barotraumas, or other reasons. We have previously shown deficient tracheal innervation in rats with CDH. Now we examine whether bronchopulmonary innervation is also abnormal in both infants and rats with CDH. Sections of E15, E18, and E21 ...
Morini L - - 2010
This study investigated ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) concentration in meconium and in maternal and neonatal hair (HEtG and HFAEEs, respectively) as potential markers of intrauterine exposure to ethanol together with meconium fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in a cohort of 99 mother-infant dyads, 49 coming from the ...
Kulkarni Ketan - - 2010
Multiple lung abscesses are extremely rare in healthy children. We report a case of polymicrobial bilateral lung abscess in a 9-month-old previously well infant presenting with a short history of fever and respiratory distress. The management options and outcome are discussed.
Dufour Deirdre Nathalie - - 2010
Naevus comedonicus is a rare, benign hamartoma consisting of grouped abnormal hair follicles and, occasionally, associated with other diseases. We describe an infant who developed hidradenitis-like lesions in an inguinal naevus comedonicus following increased mechanical stress on the region. It is speculated that the degree of strain on a hair ...
Vaibhav Atul - - 2010
Subaponeurotic or subgaleal fluid collection is a rare but important cause of scalp swelling in young infants. Fluid in the subaponeurotic or subgaleal space presents as soft, ill-defined, fluctuant, highly mobile scalp swelling and is not limited by suture lines, which makes it clinically very distinct from other scalp swellings. ...
Marques R C - - 2010
AIM: We studied the effect on neurodevelopment of infants who are exposed to thimerosal in tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccines during pregnancy. METHODS: We compared Gesell Developmental Schedules (GDS) of exclusive breastfed infants at 6 months born to mothers who received Td (1 to 3 doses) against those who were born to ...
Dettmer Amanda M - - 2009
Although high circulating levels of glucocorticoids are associated with impaired cognitive performance in adults, less is known about this relationship in infancy. Furthermore, because studies have relied on acute cortisol measures in blood plasma or saliva, interpretation of the results may be difficult as acute measures may in part reflect ...
Riedel Anett - - 2010
The temporal dissociation between early information acquisition and output of complex behaviors is a common principle during development. Thus, although infant rats are not able to generate sufficient avoidance behavior during two-way active avoidance (TWA) training they obviously deposit a certain "memory trace" (Sch?ble, Poeggel, Braun, & Gruss, 2007). The ...
Beck Hall P - - 2009
In 1920, John Watson and Rosalie Rayner claimed to have conditioned a baby boy, Albert, to fear a laboratory rat. In subsequent tests, they reported that the child's fear generalized to other furry objects. After the last testing session, Albert disappeared, creating one of the greatest mysteries in the history ...
Marques Rejane C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between infant hair-Hg and Gesell schedules (GS). BACKGROUND: Longitudinal assessment of prenatal and postnatal Hg exposure during the first 60 months. METHODS: We used hair-Hg as a marker of postnatal Hg exposure (inorganic and methyl-Hg from breast milk, and ethyl-Hg from thimerosal) and GS measured ...
Appaji Rao R - - 2009
Kaumarbhritya a branch of Asthanga Ayurveda deals with neonatal, infant and child health care. Multicentric studies conducted in various developed and developing countries have indicated that Infant Mortality Rate (I.M.R.) is very high in developing countries, and infection has been observed as the major cause. Immune system in neonates is ...
Ostrea Enrique M EM - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine optimum biomarkers to detect fetal exposure to environmental pesticides by the simultaneous analysis of maternal (hair and blood) and infant (cord blood, infant hair or meconium) matrices and to determine if a combination of these biomarkers will further increase the detection rate. ...
Magos Laszlo - - 2008
Due to its ability to avidly accumulate methyl mercury from blood, scalp hair has been widely used as a biological monitor for human exposure. The question arises that hair may also be an important route of elimination of methyl mercury from the body. Taking original publications and reviews on the ...
Storeygard Adam - - 2008
We describe the compilation of a spatially explicit dataset detailing infant mortality rates in over 10,000 national and subnational units worldwide, benchmarked to the year 2000. Although their resolution is highly variable, subnational data are available for countries representing over 90% of non-OECD population. Concentration of global infant deaths is ...
Tkalcec Zdenko - - 2008
A new species, Gloiocephala cerkezii, is described from Croatia. It is characterized by a pale brown to rusty brown pileus, an elongated central to slightly eccentric stipe, vein-like lamellae, large and elongate spores, subcapitate to capitate cystidia, a gelatinized trama, and the absence of hairs on the pileus and stipe. ...
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