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Results 251 - 300 of 478
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Duffner Patricia K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of a telephone-based interview system in providing ongoing monitoring of the developmental and functional status of children with both positive newborn screens for Krabbe disease and low galactocerebrosidase activity on confirmatory testing, and to determine whether this approach provides improved compliance with follow-up compared with ...
Stroustrup Annemarie - - 2012
To determine clinical characteristics, demographics and short-term outcomes of neonates diagnosed with fetomaternal haemorrhage (FMH). The authors analysed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 1993 to 2008. Singleton births diagnosed with FMH were identified by International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) code 762.3. Descriptive, univariate and multivariable regression analyses were performed to determine ...
Scagnolari Carolina - - 2012
The genetic diversity of the host is believed to be the key of the diversity in the clinical presentation of bronchiolitis. The aim of this study was to determine whether the known rs12979860 and rs8099917 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in interleukin (IL)28B region, influence clinical features and natural history of ...
Pons Ferran - - 2012
Vowels with extreme articulatory-acoustic properties act as natural referents. Infant perceptual asymmetries point to an underlying bias favoring these referent vowels. However, as language experience is gathered, distributional frequency of speech sounds could modify this initial bias. The perception of the /i/-/e/ contrast was explored in 144 Catalan- and Spanish-learning ...
Pierick Trudy A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Premature infants (PRE) and infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at high risk for respiratory or cardiac arrest in their first year. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a major predictor of resuscitation outcome. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of a self-instructional DVD kit ...
Robison Jacob G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the prevalence of eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) in infants with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review of infants (3-24 months old) diagnosed with OSA and ETD. METHODS: There were 94 infants diagnosed with OSA by polysomnography and ETD as determined by performance of ...
Lazner Michaela R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine whether infants with severe bronchiolitis, fulfilling criteria for further respiratory support, could be managed outside a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) alone. (2) To study the characteristics, clinical course and outcome of NIV responders and non responders to assess safety and efficacy ...
Ali Kamal - - 2012
Chronic respiratory morbidity is a common adverse outcome of premature birth, particularly in infants who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Prematurely born infants who had BPD may require supplementary oxygen at home for many months, but few remain oxygen dependent beyond 2 years of age. Readmission to hospital is common, particularly ...
Gover Ayala - - 2012
Aims:  To determine if a single course of antenatal dexamethasone alters resting cortisol at 3, 8 and 18 months corrected age in preterm infants. Methods:  Preterm infants born ≤32 weeks gestational age were recruited during 2001-2004 from a single neonatal intensive care unit. Resting salivary cortisol was collected at least ...
Levendoglu-Tugal Oya - - 2012
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a systemic disease resulting from the excessive release of inflammatory cytokines by macrophages under prolonged antigenic stimulation. If untreated, it leads to multiorgan failure and death. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has not previously been associated with HLH. Here we report four preterm infants who were diagnosed with ...
Winkel Bo Gregers - - 2012
Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) in the young (aged 1-35 years), although presumably rare, is always a tragic and devastating event often occurring in apparently healthy persons. Through the last decades, research have been undertaken to estimate the incidence rate and underlying causes of these deaths. However, because autopsy is not ...
Thyoka M - - 2012
Aim of the Study The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with mortality in infants referred for the surgical treatment of advanced necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Methods Retrospective review of all infants with confirmed (Bell stage II or III) NEC treated in our unit during the past 8 ...
Thyoka M - - 2012
Aim of the Study The aim of this study was to report incidence and clinical outcomes of recurrent necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Methods Review of infants treated for recurrent episode(s) of NEC at a tertiary Neonatal Surgical Intensive Care Unit over 8 years (January 2002 to February 2011). Demographic, clinical, radiological, and ...
Tlucek Paul S - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between postmenstrual age of onset of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the need for treatment, while examining the effects of two different neonatal oxygen saturation protocols on this relationship. A retrospective chart review was conducted for eligible inborn infants born before and after the institution of ...
Mao Chad Y - - 2012
Breastfeeding practices in military families have not been widely investigated. The objective of this study was to measure the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding among uniformed families and identify factors associated with breastfeeding. We conducted a prospective study of 253 mothers of new infants from July to December 2004. Initial ...
Greenough Anne - - 2012
Many very prematurely born infants develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), remaining oxygen dependent for many months and requiring frequent rehospitalisations. Troublesome, recurrent respiratory symptoms requiring treatment and lung function abnormalities at follow-up are common. The most severely affected may remain symptomatic with evidence of airways obstruction even as adults. Data from ...
Dons Eefje M EM Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, - - 2012
Collagenous colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology. It is fairly common in adult humans, but rare in infants, and has been associated with autoimmune disorders. We report four infant baboons (age 7-12 months) that had received a transplant at 3 months of age and subsequent immunosuppressive ...
Tiemensma Marianne M Department of Pathology, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. - - 2012
According to the regulations of the National Health Act, all 'sudden and unexpected' deaths in South Africa should be referred to Forensic Pathology Services (FPS) for further investigation. We aimed to determine the final outcomes of forensic postmortem examinations in 'sudden and unexpected' adult deaths referred to Tygerberg FPS between ...
Ma Ping - - 2012
To develop a framework, using Louisiana as a case study, for estimating the potential cost savings to individual states if families were able to meet current recommendations for breastfeeding. Using cost-analyses methods, cost savings, as well as, case and death reductions of infant illnesses and deaths on four selected infant ...
Fawcett Christine - - 2012
Infants imitate others' individual actions, but do they also replicate others' joint activities? To examine whether observing joint action influences infants' initiation of joint action, forty-eight 18-month-old infants observed object demonstrations by 2 models acting together (joint action), 2 models acting individually (individual action), or 1 model acting alone (solitary ...
Buckley Rebecca H RH Departments of Pediatrics and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2012
Early recognition of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a pediatric emergency because a diagnosis before live vaccines or nonirradiated blood products are given and before development of infections permits lifesaving unfractionated HLA-identical or T cell-depleted haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, enzyme replacement therapy, or gene therapy. The need for newborn ...
Yalindag Ozturk Nilufer - - 2012
A minimally invasive technique using fenestrated angiocatheters has been described in adult literature for the treatment of extensive subcutaneous emphysema. Here we report a 30 month old infant who developed extensive subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum, which was relieved by application of microdrainage catheters.
Yadav Dinesh - - 2012
Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the most frequent cause of severe, persistent hypoglycemia in infancy and childhood. We report a case of CHI with diffuse pancreatic abnormality diagnosed preoperatively using the 68Ga octreotide (DOTA NOC) positron emission tomography scan. Genetic analysis revealed homozygous ABCC8 splicing mutation. Subtotal (95%) pancreatectomy was done, ...
Han Kevin D - - 2012
Airway management in infants with Robin sequence (RS) remains controversial, ranging from conservative to operative methods. In some centers, tracheostomy remains the mainstay for those infants with severe respiratory obstruction. The goals of this retrospective case cohort study were to determine the length of time to decannulation without further surgical ...
Go Hayato - - 2012
Classical citrullinemia generally involves hyperammonemic coma in the first few days of life and leads to neurological sequelae in survivors. We report a case of an elder sister who fell into a hyperammonemic coma on the fifth day after birth. She was successfully treated with intravenous benzoate and hemodialysis, and ...
Aydemir Gokhan - - 2012
Necrotizing entrocolitis (NEC) remains a potentially fatal disease in premature infants despite the recent advances in neonatal care. It is a disease with a multifactorial etiology leading to the one common final pathway of necrosis and inflammmation of the neonatal intestine. Calprotectin is a calcium and zinc-binding protein in human ...
Manson Joanna - - 2012
Background: Anecdotal evidence and a handful of literature reports suggest that the outcome for infants born with gastroschisis in many African countries is poor when compared to Western nations. We wished to evaluate current management strategies and outcomes in African and Western units that treat infants with gastroschisis. Patients and ...
Ozdamar Dilek - - 2012
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is currently considered the best alternative to shunt systems in the treatment of triventricular hydrocephalus. However, there has been very few published data about the anaesthetic management and the complications of ETV procedure in infants. In this report, we detail our experience with 57 infants, who ...
Shamir Raanan - - 2012
Introduction: In 2003, a thiamine-deficient soy infant formula was produced in Germany and marketed exclusively in Israel. Between October and November 2003, infants with encephalopathy were admitted to several intensive care units in Israel and were later diagnosed as suffering from thiamine deficiency. The soy formula consumed by these children ...
Landry April M - - 2012
Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of stridor in newborns, affecting 45-75% of all infants with congenital stridor. The spectrum of disease presentation, progression, and outcomes is varied. Identifying symptoms and patient factors that influence disease severity helps predict outcomes. Findings. Infants with stridor who do not have significant feeding-related ...
Al-Faris L - - 2012
Congenital syphilis (CS) presents with a variety of clinical manifestations, including haematological abnormalities. The haematological abnormalities of early CS are variable and non-specific, and can mimic several haematological diseases of infancy. Two infants aged 3 and 7 months who presented with CS and haematological abnormalities are reported. With the worldwide ...
Zaraa Inès - - 2012
Tinea capitis (TC) is a dermatophyte infection that occurs mainly in childhood; but it is uncommon in infants. The aim of this study was to review the clinical and mycological profile of TC in infants. We present a retrospective study; we enrolled all the cases of infant TC over a ...
Acosta Alessandro M - - 2012
The influenza A (H1N1) virus may cause severe illness in humans, especially children less than two years of age. The neuraminidase enzyme inhibitor, oseltamivir, is a potent medication for the management of patients with this infection. Minimal information exists regarding the immediate and long term effects of oseltamivir therapy in ...
Parad Richard B - - 2012
Pediatric radiologists are frequently called upon to render interpretations of chest radiographs performed on premature infants with chronic respiratory problems. After the acute phase of surfactant deficiency (respiratory distress syndrome), infants with persistent respiratory problems are loosely categorized by clinicians as evolving toward a broad, rather vague entity called bronchopulmonary ...
Nimeri Nuha Agm - - 2012
Non-compaction of the ventricular myocardium is a congenital dysfunction of ventricular morphogenesis caused by the arrest of normal embryogenesis of the ventricles. It is considered as a rare disease and can involve both ventricles but commonly the left ventricle. It is classified into isolated non-compaction of the ventricles and non-compaction ...
Campos Denise - - 2012
: To compare motor and cognitive performance in infants with typical development in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 6th, 9th, and 12th months after birth. : This was a repeated-measures study with unequal sample sizes in the follow-up periods, comprising 94 infants born at term. Infants with genetic syndromes, malformations, congenital ...
Guzganu Ionela Loredana - - 2012
A 4.5-month-old baby girl presented to hospital with a 2-day history of watery diarrhea and fever. Rehydration and electrolytic balance were restored with intravenous fluid therapy followed by oral rehydration solution but diarrhea did not improve by the fourth day of hospitalization despite treatment with a probiotic. The patient was ...
Hajia Massoud - - 2012
Even with high coverage of vaccination programs, Bordetella pertussis is still reported in various countries. It causes a high rate of mortality and morbidity in infants while it could be asymptomatic in adults. At the present study, we are going to evaluate the frequency of B. pertussis among received specimens. ...
Tharini Gk - - 2012
We report a ten-month-old male infant, presenting with congenital hypotrichosis of scalp, absence of eyebrows and eyelashes. He also had multiple milia over face and extremities along with palmoplantar pits. The infant was born to third degree consanguineous marriage. None of the family members had similar disease. Histopathology was consistent ...
Aziz Hassan A - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to report on the incidence and treatment outcomes of endogenous endophthalmitis among newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a single medical center. This was a noncomparative, retrospective case series of endogenous endophthalmitis among infants at the Jackson Memorial Hospital NICU treated ...
Adrouche-Amrani Lynda - - 2012
The optimal treatment regimen or protocol for managing a persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants has not been well established. This study was aimed at evaluating the failure rate of a cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor (COI) for PDA closure and to determine the incidence of ...
Rüegger Christoph - - 2012
Over the last two decades, improvements in medical care have been associated with a significant increase and better outcome of very preterm (VP, < 32 completed gestational weeks) and very low birth weight (VLBW, < 1500 g) infants. Only a few publications analyse changes of their short-term outcome in a ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2012
Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are widely acknowledged, opinions and recommendations are strongly divided on the optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Since 2001, the World Health Organization has recommended exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Much of the recent debate in developed countries has centred on the micronutrient adequacy, as ...
Nakagawa Atsuko - - 2012
Attention disengagement is reportedly influenced by perceiving a fearful facial expression even in the first year of life. In the present study, we examined whether individual differences in disengaging from fearful expressions predict temperamental negative affectivity. Twenty-six infants were studied longitudinally at 12, 18, 24, and 36 months, using an ...
Zhang Shuyi - - 2012
Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health (MNCH) household survey data are collected mainly with pen-and-paper. Smartphone data collection may have advantages over pen-and-paper, but little evidence exists on how they compare. To compare smartphone data collection versus the use of pen-and-paper for infant feeding practices of the MNCH household survey. We ...
Schnabel Anja - - 2012
Wheezing is a common symptom in infants and toddlers. Usually it occurs due to viral infection of the lower airways and no further diagnostic procedures are necessary. However in rare cases, other reasons such as anatomical malformation have to be considered. We report about an infant with recurrent episodes of ...
Zhu Feng-Cai - - 2012
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has been emerging as an important public problem over the past few decades, especially in Asian and Pacific regions. A national program on EV71 vaccine development against HFMD was initiated in China, in 2008, which called for a need for seroepidemiological study for the ...
van Wijk Renske M - - 2012
In The Netherlands, helmet therapy is a commonly used treatment in infants with skull deformation (deformational plagiocephaly or deformational brachycephaly). However, evidence of the effectiveness of this treatment remains lacking. The HEADS study (HElmet therapy Assessment in Deformed Skulls) aims to determine the effects and costs of helmet therapy compared ...
Holmberg Henrik H Department of Statistics , Umeå University , Umeå , - - 2012
This article considers the interfamily clustering of infant mortality (defined as mortality during the first year of life). We developed and evaluated statistical tools to detect clustering and a measure to quantify excess clustering for nineteenth-century data from Skellefteå, Sweden. The detection was performed using the standard methods of generalized ...
Azzopardi Denis D Centre for the Developing Brain, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Delay in implementing new treatments into clinical practice results in considerable health and economic opportunity costs. Data from the UK TOBY Cooling Register provides the opportunity to examine how one new effective therapy for newborn infants suspected of suffering asphyxial encephalopathy--therapeutic hypothermia- was implemented in the UK. We analysed returned ...
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