Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 476
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Cheong Jeanie Ling - - 2012
ObjectivePostnatal corticosteroids (PCS) are used to prevent or treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely low birthweight (ELBW; <1000 g) or extremely preterm (EPT; <28 weeks) infants. In the early 2000s, concerns were raised about increased risks of cerebral palsy (CP) in association with PCS, which may have affected prescribing of ...
Wadhawan Rajan - - 2013
Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is associated with the use of postnatal glucocorticoids and indometacin in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The authors hypothesised: 1) an association of SIP with the use of antenatal steroids (ANS) and indometacin either as prophylaxis for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) (P Indo) or for treatment ...
Menon Shaji C - - 2012
The National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPC-QIC) registry captures information on interstage management of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). The purpose of this study was to identify interstage risk factors for increased resource use and adverse outcomes during bidirectional Glenn (BDG) hospitalization. All infants in the NPC-QIC ...
Fisher Jonathan P H - - 2012
Neuroblastoma, an embryonal tumour arising from the sympathetic nervous system, is the most common neonatal malignancy accounting for >20% of neonatal cancers. It may present as an antenatal adrenal mass or more commonly with localised or metastatic (4s/Ms) disease, which is usually low risk with a very good clinical outcome. ...
Mele Patricia - - 2012
Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia (CPL) is a rare developmental disorder of the lung. CPL can present antenatally as nonimmune hydrops with pleural effusions, which are frequently associated with polyhydraminos. CPL presents in the neonatal period with severe respiratory distress and can be complicated by chylothorax. Diagnosis is difficult, as radiographic findings ...
Saengnipanthkul Suchaorn - - 2012
To determine the incidence of tuberculosis infection and disease in neonates exposed to an active pulmonary tuberculosis patient in a nursery and maternity ward. Descriptive cohort study was carried out in Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen University, North-East Thailand. A smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis mother with productive cough was diagnosed on ...
Stoffan Alexander P - - 2012
In the most severe cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), significant barotrauma or death can occur before advanced therapies such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be initiated. We have previously examined the use of the ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) to ECMO procedure (EXIT with placement on ECMO) in ...
Sarkhy Ahmed A - - 2012
Infantile gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a common self-limited, physiological phenomenon. Infantile gastroesophageal reflux becomes pathological (gastroesophageal reflux disease [GERD]) when symptoms become more severe or are associated with complications such as failure to thrive or hematemesis. Though it is a very common condition, there are several misconceptions and myths on ...
- - 2012
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve ...
Lee Eun Jung - - 2012
This study investigated the epidemiology of Kawasaki disease (KD) in infants ≤3-month-old. To study the epidemiology of KD in Korea, data for 27,851 KD patients were collected on a 3-year basis between 2000 and 2008 in a retrospective survey. From this, data for 609 KD patients ≤3-month-old were analyzed and ...
Gomez Borja - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of the enteroviral meningitis diagnosed in a pediatric emergency department among infants younger than 3 months with fever without source and its short-term evolution. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional, 6-year descriptive study including all infants younger than 3 ...
Johnson Brian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is the most common cause of infant bowel obstruction. Because delays in diagnosis can lead to severe outcomes, differentiating milder cases from those with potentially serious outcomes is important. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with bowel resection among intussusception cases using data ...
Lee Melissa Huilin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Well infants with petechiae and/or purpura can present to emergency departments, and their management can be difficult. Many will have extensive investigations and treatment that may not be necessary. METHODS: This was a retrospective and descriptive audit investigating well infants (<8 months of age) presenting with petechiae or purpura ...
Betoko Aisha - - 2012
The wide variety of infant formula available on the market can be confusing for parents and physicians. We aimed to determine associations between predominant type of formula used from birth to 4 months and parental and child characteristics and type of physician consulted, and then to describe relations between type ...
Abraham Elizheeba C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To explore associations of early infant feeding with (i) eating patterns in the second year of life and (ii) weight status in the fourth year of life in a prospective cohort of children in Scotland. DESIGN: Growing Up in Scotland (GUS) longitudinal birth cohort study (2005-2008). SETTING: Scotland, UK. ...
Clarke M F - - 2012
SUMMARYTo assess the impact of Bordetella pertussis infections in South Australia during an epidemic and determine vulnerable populations, data from notification reports for pertussis cases occurring between July 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed to determine the distribution of disease according to specific risk factors and examine associations with hospitalizations. ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
Laser therapy is effective in the treatment of severe forms of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and aggressive posterior ROP (APROP), but always damages the retina. We report our preliminary findings in seven premature infants with complicated ROP or APROP who were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) as first line monotherapy ...
Krouse Anne - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the infant bed-sharing practices of mothers from the birth of the infant to three months of age. The study was a longitudinal descriptive design using a self-report instrument immediately after delivery with follow-up phone interviews at one and three months after discharge. ...
Ek Sverker - - 2012
Objective. To describe the establishment of the fetoscopic guided laser occlusion (FLOC) technique for treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and the initial results in a Swedish national center. Design. Retrospective, descriptive study. Setting. Tertiary level university hospital. Population. All referred and treated cases suffering significant TTTS. Methods. The present ...
Mandy George - - 2012
Optimizing the timing and safety for the placement of a tracheostomy in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not been determined. The purpose of the present study was to describe the data from a single institution about the efficacy and safety of tracheostomy placement in infants with BPD needing long-term ...
Inati Adlette - - 2012
In this study we aimed to determine the prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in a Lebanese population and the clinical outcomes and associated adverse events encountered amongst affected patients. Newborn screening in a tertiary care centre in North Lebanon showed a prevalence of 2.1% (62 out of 3009), significantly ...
Padman Raj - - 2012
With newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) now accessible in every state in the US, more infants are being diagnosed. Currently, no large-scale randomized studies are available to assist clinicians in providing evidence-based medical care for the youngest CF patients. We review the standard of diagnostic evaluation, the sweat test, ...
Alexander Peta M A - - 2012
Passive immunisation with palivizumab is recommended in many countries for children with haemodynamically significant cardiac disease. We trialled respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) immunoprophylaxis in such infants during 2008–2009. We identified all RSV admissions between 2005–2009 and examined all patients with significant cardiac disease who received palivizumab in 2008–2009. Infants with ...
Sobel Howard L - - 2012
Background: Infant formula usage places children at risk for illness and death. Studies in the United States demonstrated high economic burden, health care costs, and absenteeism of caregivers associated with formula usage. Despite high formula usage in developing countries, no economic studies were found. This study examines the financial burden ...
Swenson Amanda K - - 2012
All newborns should be screened with pulse oximetry prior to discharge; it increases detection of congenital heart defects.
Silverman Robert A - - 2012
We present a case of severe intertrigo in the neck of a 5 month-old infant. The cause was Streptococcus pyogenes.
Nuolivirta Kirsi - - 2012
BACKGROUND.: Innateimmunity receptors play a critical role in host defence. In addition, the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) has been connected to allergy and asthma. AIMS.: To evaluate the association between the TLR3L412F polymorphism and viral findings, clinical characteristics and subsequent wheezing in young infants with bronchiolitis. METHODS.: In all,129 ...
Hu Peng - - 2012
An 11-month-old male infant was admitted to our hospital with fever, fussiness, poor feeding, vomiting, and tachypnea for two days prior. Physical examination revealed sporadic papules and vesicles occurring on his hands, feet, face, and perianal mucosa. Enterovirus 71 was identified from both throat swab and vesicle fluid using virus ...
Guerrot Anne-Marie AM Department of Neonatal Medicine, Rouen University Hospital and EA Neovasc, Institute of Biomedical Research and Innovation, School of Medicine, Rouen University, - - 2012
To compare neonatal and 2-year outcomes in very premature infants born 5 years apart. Prospective observational study of infants born before 33 weeks' gestation in 2000 or 2005 admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit in France. We collected perinatal data and evaluated motor, cognitive, neurosensory and behavioural outcomes at ...
Dallas David C DC Department of Food Science, University of California at Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, USA ; Foods for Health Institute, University of California at Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, - - 2012
Premature birth rates and premature infant morbidity remain discouragingly high. Improving nourishment for these infants is the key for accelerating their development and decreasing disease risk. Dietary protein is essential for growth and development of infants. Studies on protein nourishment for premature infants have focused on protein requirements for catch-up ...
Diepstraten S C E - - 2012
Adrenal abscess is an uncommon finding in neonates and young infants. It may have a fatal outcome if inadequately treated. This case report describes the successful diagnosis and treatment of a left-sided adrenal abscess in a 5-week-old girl. Abdominal US and antigranulocyte antibody-scintigraphy showed an encapsulated suprarenal mass with debris ...
Kılıç Esra E Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Genetic, Hacettepe University Children's Hospital, 06100 Ankara, Turkey. - - 2012
We report an infant diagnosed with Majewski osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II at age 8 months, who experienced cerebrovascular morbidities related to this entity. Molecular analysis identified c.2609+1 G>A, intron 14, homozygous splice site mutation in the pericentrin gene. At age 18 months, she developed recurrent strokes and hemiparesis. Brain ...
Morris B H BH Department of Neonatology, Trinity Mother Frances Health System, Tyler, TX 75703, USA. - - 2013
Evaluate the efficacy of phototherapy (PT) devices and the outcomes of extremely premature infants treated with those devices. This substudy of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network PT trial included 1404 infants treated with a single type of PT device during the first 24±12 h ...
Hofer Nora - - 2012
C-reactive protein (CRP) is one of the most studied and most used laboratory tests for neonatal sepsis. As part of the acute-phase reaction to infection, it plays a central role in the humoral response to bacterial invasion. The delayed synthesis during the inflammatory response accounts for its low sensitivity during ...
Tam Yuen Shan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is not available in Hong Kong. OBJECTIVES: To document the survival of neonates with symptomatic congenital diaphragmatic hernia at birth, but without access to ECMO. METHODS: Twenty-two patients diagnosed to have CDH within a ten year period (1999-2009) at Prince of Wales Hospital were ...
Ohman Annika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Shunt occlusion is a major cause of death in children with single ventricle. We evaluated whether one daily measurement of oxygen saturation at home could detect life-threatening shunt dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 28 infants were included. Parents were instructed to measure saturation once daily and if less than ...
Kumar Manoj - - 2012
A greater emphasis on exclusive breastfeeding in recent years has re-ignited the historical debate over the role of ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) in infants with breastfeeding difficulties. Several prospective cohort studies and randomized control trials have been published in this area in the last 10-15 years. We critically evaluated recent evidence and ...
Salzer Wanda L WL Pediatric Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2012
Infants (<366 days of age) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a poor prognosis. Most treatment failures occur within 6-9 months of diagnosis, primarily from relapse. The Children's Oncology Group P9407 study was designed to test if early intensified treatment would improve outcome for infants with ALL. Due to a ...
van der Eijk Anne C - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of "new-generation" pulse oximeters in extremely low-birth-weight ([ELBW] ≤ 1000 g) infants. In a prospective crossover observational study, the performance of pulse oximeters of 3 brands (Masimo, Nellcor, and Philips) was evaluated by dual SpO2 measurement in ELBW infants. Disposable ...
Dijk Peter H - - 2012
Introduction:  We conducted a review of the evidence which contributes to the current care of jaundiced newborn infants. Methods:  Literature was searched for reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Results:  Six Cochrane reviews and eight other reviews and eighteen recent RCTs are discussed. Conclusions:  Many children still suffer life-long consequences ...
Groothuis Jessie R - - 2012
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), also known as chronic lung disease of prematurity, is the major cause of pulmonary disease in infants. The pathophysiology and management of BPD have evolved over the past four decades as improved neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) modalities have increased survival rates. The likelihood for developing BPD ...
Mizobuchi Masami - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:  (1) To determine the incidence and risk factors of severe leaky lung syndrome (sLLS), persistent pulmonary edema characterized by massive tracheal secretions and resistance to surfactant therapy, in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) requiring ventilatory support; (2) to evaluate the effects of hydrocortisone (HC) therapy for sLLS on ...
Malloy M H - - 2012
Objective:Antenatal steroid use has been associated with reduction in the risk of neonatal mortality in meta-analyses of clinical trials. In 2007, a revised US birth certificate offered information on antenatal steroid use in 22 states. The aim of this study was to review the association between antenatal steroid use and ...
Berry Gerard T - - 2012
Classic galactosemia is an autosomal recessive disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, due to a severe deficiency of the enzyme, galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT), that catalyzes the conversion of galactose-1-phosphate and uridine diphosphate glucose (UDPglucose) to uridine diphosphate galactose (UDPgalactose) and glucose-1-phosphate. Upon consumption of lactose in the neonatal period, the affected infants ...
Jakob André - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Immature lungs of preterm infants are particularly prone to overdistension from mechanical ventilation or continuous positive airway pressure. In these infants a localized pulmonary emphysema (PE) can develop. Conventional therapy regimens to resolve this process sometimes fail and especially in the case of bullous emphysema (BE) invasive ...
Battin Malcolm R - - 2012
Aim:  Neonatology is a relatively new sub-specialty so we aimed to review survival data in the context of advances in neonatal care. Method:  Review of neonatal survival for very low birthweight babies over the last 50 years. Results:  In the data collected from a single tertiary neonatal unit, survival for babies ...
Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2012
Objective To determine the clinical spectrum of hemolytic disease due to irregular blood subgroup incompatibility in hospitalized neonates.Study Design The medical records of the all hospitalized newborn patients diagnosed with indirect hyperbilirubinemia due to subgroup incompatibility in Kell, C, c, E, and e systems were included in the study. Data ...
Corona-Rivera Alfredo - - 2012
Infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) represents poor prognosis despite intensive chemotherapy. Rearrangements of chromosome 11q23 are not observed in 34% of the cases. Infant ALL patients with t(5;15)(p15;q11-13) are rare and sporadic. In large series of infant ALL studies, 6 patients have been reported. We present a new case of ...
Duffner Patricia K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of a telephone-based interview system in providing ongoing monitoring of the developmental and functional status of children with both positive newborn screens for Krabbe disease and low galactocerebrosidase activity on confirmatory testing, and to determine whether this approach provides improved compliance with follow-up compared with ...
Stroustrup Annemarie - - 2012
To determine clinical characteristics, demographics and short-term outcomes of neonates diagnosed with fetomaternal haemorrhage (FMH). The authors analysed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 1993 to 2008. Singleton births diagnosed with FMH were identified by International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) code 762.3. Descriptive, univariate and multivariable regression analyses were performed to determine ...
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