Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 445
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Guerrot Anne-Marie - - 2012
To compare neonatal and 2-year outcomes in very premature infants born 5 years apart. Prospective observational study of infants born before 33 weeks' gestation in 2000 or 2005 admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit in France. We collected perinatal data and evaluated motor, cognitive, neurosensory and behavioural outcomes at ...
Diepstraten S C E - - 2012
Adrenal abscess is an uncommon finding in neonates and young infants. It may have a fatal outcome if inadequately treated. This case report describes the successful diagnosis and treatment of a left-sided adrenal abscess in a 5-week-old girl. Abdominal US and antigranulocyte antibody-scintigraphy showed an encapsulated suprarenal mass with debris ...
Kılıç Esra - - 2012
We report an infant diagnosed with Majewski osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II at age 8 months, who experienced cerebrovascular morbidities related to this entity. Molecular analysis identified c.2609+1 G>A, intron 14, homozygous splice site mutation in the pericentrin gene. At age 18 months, she developed recurrent strokes and hemiparesis. Brain magnetic resonance ...
Morris B H BH Department of Neonatology, Trinity Mother Frances Health System, Tyler, TX 75703, USA. - - 2013
Evaluate the efficacy of phototherapy (PT) devices and the outcomes of extremely premature infants treated with those devices. This substudy of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network PT trial included 1404 infants treated with a single type of PT device during the first 24±12 h ...
Hofer Nora - - 2012
C-reactive protein (CRP) is one of the most studied and most used laboratory tests for neonatal sepsis. As part of the acute-phase reaction to infection, it plays a central role in the humoral response to bacterial invasion. The delayed synthesis during the inflammatory response accounts for its low sensitivity during ...
Tam Yuen Shan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is not available in Hong Kong. OBJECTIVES: To document the survival of neonates with symptomatic congenital diaphragmatic hernia at birth, but without access to ECMO. METHODS: Twenty-two patients diagnosed to have CDH within a ten year period (1999-2009) at Prince of Wales Hospital were ...
Ohman Annika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Shunt occlusion is a major cause of death in children with single ventricle. We evaluated whether one daily measurement of oxygen saturation at home could detect life-threatening shunt dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 28 infants were included. Parents were instructed to measure saturation once daily and if less than ...
Salzer Wanda L - - 2012
Infants (<366 days of age) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a poor prognosis. Most treatment failures occur within 6-9 months of diagnosis, primarily from relapse. The Children's Oncology Group P9407 study was designed to test if early intensified treatment would improve outcome for infants with ALL. Due to a ...
Kumar Manoj - - 2012
A greater emphasis on exclusive breastfeeding in recent years has re-ignited the historical debate over the role of ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) in infants with breastfeeding difficulties. Several prospective cohort studies and randomized control trials have been published in this area in the last 10-15 years. We critically evaluated recent evidence and ...
van der Eijk Anne C - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of "new-generation" pulse oximeters in extremely low-birth-weight ([ELBW] ≤ 1000 g) infants. In a prospective crossover observational study, the performance of pulse oximeters of 3 brands (Masimo, Nellcor, and Philips) was evaluated by dual SpO2 measurement in ELBW infants. Disposable ...
Dijk Peter H - - 2012
Introduction:  We conducted a review of the evidence which contributes to the current care of jaundiced newborn infants. Methods:  Literature was searched for reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Results:  Six Cochrane reviews and eight other reviews and eighteen recent RCTs are discussed. Conclusions:  Many children still suffer life-long consequences ...
Groothuis Jessie R - - 2012
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), also known as chronic lung disease of prematurity, is the major cause of pulmonary disease in infants. The pathophysiology and management of BPD have evolved over the past four decades as improved neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) modalities have increased survival rates. The likelihood for developing BPD ...
Mizobuchi Masami - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:  (1) To determine the incidence and risk factors of severe leaky lung syndrome (sLLS), persistent pulmonary edema characterized by massive tracheal secretions and resistance to surfactant therapy, in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) requiring ventilatory support; (2) to evaluate the effects of hydrocortisone (HC) therapy for sLLS on ...
Malloy M H - - 2012
Objective:Antenatal steroid use has been associated with reduction in the risk of neonatal mortality in meta-analyses of clinical trials. In 2007, a revised US birth certificate offered information on antenatal steroid use in 22 states. The aim of this study was to review the association between antenatal steroid use and ...
Berry Gerard T - - 2012
Classic galactosemia is an autosomal recessive disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, due to a severe deficiency of the enzyme, galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT), that catalyzes the conversion of galactose-1-phosphate and uridine diphosphate glucose (UDPglucose) to uridine diphosphate galactose (UDPgalactose) and glucose-1-phosphate. Upon consumption of lactose in the neonatal period, the affected infants ...
Jakob André - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Immature lungs of preterm infants are particularly prone to overdistension from mechanical ventilation or continuous positive airway pressure. In these infants a localized pulmonary emphysema (PE) can develop. Conventional therapy regimens to resolve this process sometimes fail and especially in the case of bullous emphysema (BE) invasive ...
Battin Malcolm R - - 2012
Aim:  Neonatology is a relatively new sub-specialty so we aimed to review survival data in the context of advances in neonatal care. Method:  Review of neonatal survival for very low birthweight babies over the last 50 years. Results:  In the data collected from a single tertiary neonatal unit, survival for babies ...
Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2012
Objective To determine the clinical spectrum of hemolytic disease due to irregular blood subgroup incompatibility in hospitalized neonates.Study Design The medical records of the all hospitalized newborn patients diagnosed with indirect hyperbilirubinemia due to subgroup incompatibility in Kell, C, c, E, and e systems were included in the study. Data ...
Corona-Rivera Alfredo - - 2012
Infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) represents poor prognosis despite intensive chemotherapy. Rearrangements of chromosome 11q23 are not observed in 34% of the cases. Infant ALL patients with t(5;15)(p15;q11-13) are rare and sporadic. In large series of infant ALL studies, 6 patients have been reported. We present a new case of ...
Duffner Patricia K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of a telephone-based interview system in providing ongoing monitoring of the developmental and functional status of children with both positive newborn screens for Krabbe disease and low galactocerebrosidase activity on confirmatory testing, and to determine whether this approach provides improved compliance with follow-up compared with ...
Stroustrup Annemarie - - 2012
To determine clinical characteristics, demographics and short-term outcomes of neonates diagnosed with fetomaternal haemorrhage (FMH). The authors analysed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 1993 to 2008. Singleton births diagnosed with FMH were identified by International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) code 762.3. Descriptive, univariate and multivariable regression analyses were performed to determine ...
Scagnolari Carolina - - 2012
The genetic diversity of the host is believed to be the key of the diversity in the clinical presentation of bronchiolitis. The aim of this study was to determine whether the known rs12979860 and rs8099917 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in interleukin (IL)28B region, influence clinical features and natural history of ...
Pons Ferran - - 2012
Vowels with extreme articulatory-acoustic properties act as natural referents. Infant perceptual asymmetries point to an underlying bias favoring these referent vowels. However, as language experience is gathered, distributional frequency of speech sounds could modify this initial bias. The perception of the /i/-/e/ contrast was explored in 144 Catalan- and Spanish-learning ...
Pierick Trudy A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Premature infants (PRE) and infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at high risk for respiratory or cardiac arrest in their first year. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a major predictor of resuscitation outcome. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of a self-instructional DVD kit ...
Robison Jacob G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the prevalence of eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) in infants with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review of infants (3-24 months old) diagnosed with OSA and ETD. METHODS: There were 94 infants diagnosed with OSA by polysomnography and ETD as determined by performance of ...
Lazner Michaela R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine whether infants with severe bronchiolitis, fulfilling criteria for further respiratory support, could be managed outside a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) alone. (2) To study the characteristics, clinical course and outcome of NIV responders and non responders to assess safety and efficacy ...
Ali Kamal - - 2012
Chronic respiratory morbidity is a common adverse outcome of premature birth, particularly in infants who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Prematurely born infants who had BPD may require supplementary oxygen at home for many months, but few remain oxygen dependent beyond 2 years of age. Readmission to hospital is common, particularly ...
Gover Ayala - - 2012
Aims:  To determine if a single course of antenatal dexamethasone alters resting cortisol at 3, 8 and 18 months corrected age in preterm infants. Methods:  Preterm infants born ≤32 weeks gestational age were recruited during 2001-2004 from a single neonatal intensive care unit. Resting salivary cortisol was collected at least ...
Levendoglu-Tugal Oya - - 2012
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a systemic disease resulting from the excessive release of inflammatory cytokines by macrophages under prolonged antigenic stimulation. If untreated, it leads to multiorgan failure and death. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has not previously been associated with HLH. Here we report four preterm infants who were diagnosed with ...
Winkel Bo Gregers - - 2012
Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) in the young (aged 1-35 years), although presumably rare, is always a tragic and devastating event often occurring in apparently healthy persons. Through the last decades, research have been undertaken to estimate the incidence rate and underlying causes of these deaths. However, because autopsy is not ...
Thyoka M - - 2012
Aim of the Study The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with mortality in infants referred for the surgical treatment of advanced necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Methods Retrospective review of all infants with confirmed (Bell stage II or III) NEC treated in our unit during the past 8 ...
Thyoka M - - 2012
Aim of the Study The aim of this study was to report incidence and clinical outcomes of recurrent necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Methods Review of infants treated for recurrent episode(s) of NEC at a tertiary Neonatal Surgical Intensive Care Unit over 8 years (January 2002 to February 2011). Demographic, clinical, radiological, and ...
Tlucek Paul S - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between postmenstrual age of onset of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the need for treatment, while examining the effects of two different neonatal oxygen saturation protocols on this relationship. A retrospective chart review was conducted for eligible inborn infants born before and after the institution of ...
Mao Chad Y - - 2012
Breastfeeding practices in military families have not been widely investigated. The objective of this study was to measure the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding among uniformed families and identify factors associated with breastfeeding. We conducted a prospective study of 253 mothers of new infants from July to December 2004. Initial ...
Greenough Anne - - 2012
Many very prematurely born infants develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), remaining oxygen dependent for many months and requiring frequent rehospitalisations. Troublesome, recurrent respiratory symptoms requiring treatment and lung function abnormalities at follow-up are common. The most severely affected may remain symptomatic with evidence of airways obstruction even as adults. Data from ...
Dons Eefje M - - 2012
Collagenous colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology. It is fairly common in adult humans, but rare in infants, and has been associated with autoimmune disorders. We report four infant baboons (age 7-12 months) that had received a transplant at 3 months of age and subsequent immunosuppressive ...
Tiemensma Marianne M Department of Pathology, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. - - 2012
According to the regulations of the National Health Act, all 'sudden and unexpected' deaths in South Africa should be referred to Forensic Pathology Services (FPS) for further investigation. We aimed to determine the final outcomes of forensic postmortem examinations in 'sudden and unexpected' adult deaths referred to Tygerberg FPS between ...
Ma Ping - - 2012
To develop a framework, using Louisiana as a case study, for estimating the potential cost savings to individual states if families were able to meet current recommendations for breastfeeding. Using cost-analyses methods, cost savings, as well as, case and death reductions of infant illnesses and deaths on four selected infant ...
Fawcett Christine - - 2012
Infants imitate others' individual actions, but do they also replicate others' joint activities? To examine whether observing joint action influences infants' initiation of joint action, forty-eight 18-month-old infants observed object demonstrations by 2 models acting together (joint action), 2 models acting individually (individual action), or 1 model acting alone (solitary ...
Buckley Rebecca H - - 2012
Early recognition of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a pediatric emergency because a diagnosis before live vaccines or nonirradiated blood products are given and before development of infections permits lifesaving unfractionated HLA-identical or T cell-depleted haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, enzyme replacement therapy, or gene therapy. The need for newborn ...
Yalindag Ozturk Nilufer - - 2012
A minimally invasive technique using fenestrated angiocatheters has been described in adult literature for the treatment of extensive subcutaneous emphysema. Here we report a 30 month old infant who developed extensive subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum, which was relieved by application of microdrainage catheters.
Yadav Dinesh - - 2012
Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the most frequent cause of severe, persistent hypoglycemia in infancy and childhood. We report a case of CHI with diffuse pancreatic abnormality diagnosed preoperatively using the 68Ga octreotide (DOTA NOC) positron emission tomography scan. Genetic analysis revealed homozygous ABCC8 splicing mutation. Subtotal (95%) pancreatectomy was done, ...
Han Kevin D - - 2012
Airway management in infants with Robin sequence (RS) remains controversial, ranging from conservative to operative methods. In some centers, tracheostomy remains the mainstay for those infants with severe respiratory obstruction. The goals of this retrospective case cohort study were to determine the length of time to decannulation without further surgical ...
Go Hayato - - 2012
Classical citrullinemia generally involves hyperammonemic coma in the first few days of life and leads to neurological sequelae in survivors. We report a case of an elder sister who fell into a hyperammonemic coma on the fifth day after birth. She was successfully treated with intravenous benzoate and hemodialysis, and ...
Aydemir Gokhan - - 2012
Necrotizing entrocolitis (NEC) remains a potentially fatal disease in premature infants despite the recent advances in neonatal care. It is a disease with a multifactorial etiology leading to the one common final pathway of necrosis and inflammmation of the neonatal intestine. Calprotectin is a calcium and zinc-binding protein in human ...
Manson Joanna - - 2012
Background: Anecdotal evidence and a handful of literature reports suggest that the outcome for infants born with gastroschisis in many African countries is poor when compared to Western nations. We wished to evaluate current management strategies and outcomes in African and Western units that treat infants with gastroschisis. Patients and ...
Ozdamar Dilek - - 2012
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is currently considered the best alternative to shunt systems in the treatment of triventricular hydrocephalus. However, there has been very few published data about the anaesthetic management and the complications of ETV procedure in infants. In this report, we detail our experience with 57 infants, who ...
Shamir Raanan - - 2012
Introduction: In 2003, a thiamine-deficient soy infant formula was produced in Germany and marketed exclusively in Israel. Between October and November 2003, infants with encephalopathy were admitted to several intensive care units in Israel and were later diagnosed as suffering from thiamine deficiency. The soy formula consumed by these children ...
Landry April M - - 2012
Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of stridor in newborns, affecting 45-75% of all infants with congenital stridor. The spectrum of disease presentation, progression, and outcomes is varied. Identifying symptoms and patient factors that influence disease severity helps predict outcomes. Findings. Infants with stridor who do not have significant feeding-related ...
Al-Faris L - - 2012
Congenital syphilis (CS) presents with a variety of clinical manifestations, including haematological abnormalities. The haematological abnormalities of early CS are variable and non-specific, and can mimic several haematological diseases of infancy. Two infants aged 3 and 7 months who presented with CS and haematological abnormalities are reported. With the worldwide ...
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