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Petit Christopher J - - 2012
Device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is commonly performed in older children and adults. Infants and toddlers (age <4 years) are seldom referred for ASD closure due to size constraints. However, in many cases device ASD closure can be performed in this population. Between 2002 and 2012, 61 infants and ...
Wen Yang - - 2012
Cavitation in primary pulmonary tuberculosis is rare, particularly in infants. We report a case of a 2-month-old infant with primary cavitating tuberculosis. Computed tomography firstly showed consolidation of the left upper lobe, and results of a course of antimicrobial therapy demonstrated a cystic lesion. The cyst was demonstrated to be ...
Ruangnapa K - - 2012
Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) has been indicated in patients with severe refractory respiratory failure from various causes for more than 30 years, even for the small infant.(1) Improved outcome from using ECMO for respiratory failure has been reported worldwide, ranging from 15% to over 50% in recent reviews.(1,2) The ...
Choe Young June - - 2012
Background:  Because the peak age for incidence of sudden deaths in infancy temporally coincides with the age of infant primary immunization, some have raised the question whether immunization is a risk factor for sudden death in infancy. Recent occurrence of two sudden deaths in infants in Korea renewed concerns about ...
Bouzas Maiara Lanna - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and describe the clinical characteristics and respective treatments of previous history of wheezing. METHODS: Infants aged 6-23 months with upper respiratory tract complaints and reported previous wheezing were followed-up retrospectively. Data were registered on a validated standardized form. RESULTS: Out of 451 infants, 164 (36.4%; ...
Zhou Qinhua - - 2012
Background: The early clinical manifestations of congenital syphilis (CS) vary from asymptomatic to florid lesions, involving multisystem damage. But little is known about the differences of early clinical features between preterm and term neonates with CS. Objectives: To compare the clinical characteristics between preterm and term neonates with CS and ...
Faber Tina E - - 2012
Although Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis is the most important cause of hospital admission for infants during the winter season, the pathogenesis is largely unknown. Interleukin-17 (IL-17) concentrations were studied in nasopharyngeal aspirates from 21 non-ventilated and 17 ventilated infants admitted to hospital with RSV bronchiolitis at time of admission ...
Arslanoglu S - - 2012
Preterm infants fed fortified human milk in standard fashion receive less protein than they need due to customary assumptions. Protein is limiting for growth and neurocognitive development,and shortfalls of proteinare not acceptable. Adjustable fortification regimen has been proven as an effective way to provide adequate protein intakes and appropriate growth ...
Murray Mark G - - 2012
Specialists in allergy/immunology are often asked to evaluate patients with eosinophilia, with the general assumption of an underlying allergic or immunologic disease. We present a case of an infant referred for marked eosinophilia. Although atopic disease may be in the differential diagnosis, it is rarely associated with hypereosinophilia, and other ...
Goel Prabudh - - 2012
Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PHHI) is relatively rare but one of the most important causes of severe neonatal hypoglycemia. Recognition of this entity becomes important due to the fact that the hypoglycemia is so severe and frequent that it may lead to severe neurological damage in the infant manifesting ...
Yan Jennifer - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Congenital complete heart block (CCHB) is an uncommon although important and potentially serious condition contributing to neonatal morbidity and mortality. AIMS: To study the characteristics and outcomes of infants born with CCHB at a single tertiary centre. METHODS: A retrospective review of all infants with CCHB over the last ...
McNeil Deborah Ann - - 2012
ObjectiveTo determine whether hospital re-admission within the first 2 months of life decreases the odds of predominant breastfeeding.DesignMothers living in two large healthcare regions of Alberta (population 1 000 000 each) were recruited to participate in this prospective matched cohort study if they delivered a singleton infant between 34 and ...
Attias J - - 2012
Eleven infants who were fed a thiamine-deficient formula for a mean of 3 months were evaluated for immediate and long-term auditory abnormalities. At presentation, 8 infants had auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD), which resolved with supplementary thiamine in 5 children, was permanent in 2 children, and deteriorated in 1 patient ...
Peters Timothy R - - 2012
We estimated the potential impact of parental Tdap immunization before delivery, at delivery and at the 2-week newborn visit on U.S. infant pertussis hospitalizations. We used published data for pertussis hospitalization rates among U.S. infants aged 0-4 months, the Tdap vaccine efficacy in adults, and the proportion of infants with ...
Kwon Hyo Jin - - 2012
Scrub typhus is a rickettsial disease, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, which is transmitted via the bite of a chigger. This disease is one of the most important infectious diseases in the Asia-Pacific area; however, a severe infant case has not yet been reported. Here, we present the case of an ...
Gortner L - - 2012
Regenerative therapy based on stem cells is applied as standard therapy in pediatric oncology. Furthermore, they are frequently used to treat immunodeficiency disorders of infants. For severe neonatal diseases, e. g. hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in term neonates or bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants, animal models have been established. According to some ...
Gunn David J - - 2012
Background:   To report the efficacy of laser diode therapy in the treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely premature (EP) infants over an 18 year period. Design:   Retrospective study. Participants:   128 eyes in 66 Infants treated between 23 and 25.6 weeks Methods:   554 infants between ...
Orcesi Simona - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short-term neurodevelopmental outcome (at 24 months of corrected age) and correlations with obstetric and neonatal factors in a sample of preterm very low birth weight infants born and admitted to an Italian tertiary centre between 2005 and 2007. METHODS: 156 infants with a birth weight ≤ 1500 g (gestational age, ...
Libster Romina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of meningitis in young infants. We evaluated long-term outcomes among GBS meningitis survivors. We hypothesized that despite reduced mortality, GBS meningitis would remain a significant cause of morbidity among GBS survivors.METHODS:Ninety term and near-term infants diagnosed with GBS meningitis from 1998 through ...
Cheong Jeanie Ling - - 2012
ObjectivePostnatal corticosteroids (PCS) are used to prevent or treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely low birthweight (ELBW; <1000 g) or extremely preterm (EPT; <28 weeks) infants. In the early 2000s, concerns were raised about increased risks of cerebral palsy (CP) in association with PCS, which may have affected prescribing of ...
Wadhawan Rajan - - 2013
Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is associated with the use of postnatal glucocorticoids and indometacin in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The authors hypothesised: 1) an association of SIP with the use of antenatal steroids (ANS) and indometacin either as prophylaxis for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) (P Indo) or for treatment ...
Menon Shaji C - - 2012
The National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPC-QIC) registry captures information on interstage management of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). The purpose of this study was to identify interstage risk factors for increased resource use and adverse outcomes during bidirectional Glenn (BDG) hospitalization. All infants in the NPC-QIC ...
Fisher Jonathan P H - - 2012
Neuroblastoma, an embryonal tumour arising from the sympathetic nervous system, is the most common neonatal malignancy accounting for >20% of neonatal cancers. It may present as an antenatal adrenal mass or more commonly with localised or metastatic (4s/Ms) disease, which is usually low risk with a very good clinical outcome. ...
Mele Patricia - - 2012
Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia (CPL) is a rare developmental disorder of the lung. CPL can present antenatally as nonimmune hydrops with pleural effusions, which are frequently associated with polyhydraminos. CPL presents in the neonatal period with severe respiratory distress and can be complicated by chylothorax. Diagnosis is difficult, as radiographic findings ...
Saengnipanthkul Suchaorn - - 2012
To determine the incidence of tuberculosis infection and disease in neonates exposed to an active pulmonary tuberculosis patient in a nursery and maternity ward. Descriptive cohort study was carried out in Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen University, North-East Thailand. A smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis mother with productive cough was diagnosed on ...
Stoffan Alexander P - - 2012
In the most severe cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), significant barotrauma or death can occur before advanced therapies such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be initiated. We have previously examined the use of the ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) to ECMO procedure (EXIT with placement on ECMO) in ...
Sarkhy Ahmed A - - 2012
Infantile gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a common self-limited, physiological phenomenon. Infantile gastroesophageal reflux becomes pathological (gastroesophageal reflux disease [GERD]) when symptoms become more severe or are associated with complications such as failure to thrive or hematemesis. Though it is a very common condition, there are several misconceptions and myths on ...
- - 2012
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve ...
Lee Eun Jung - - 2012
This study investigated the epidemiology of Kawasaki disease (KD) in infants ≤3-month-old. To study the epidemiology of KD in Korea, data for 27,851 KD patients were collected on a 3-year basis between 2000 and 2008 in a retrospective survey. From this, data for 609 KD patients ≤3-month-old were analyzed and ...
Gomez Borja - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of the enteroviral meningitis diagnosed in a pediatric emergency department among infants younger than 3 months with fever without source and its short-term evolution. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional, 6-year descriptive study including all infants younger than 3 ...
Johnson Brian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is the most common cause of infant bowel obstruction. Because delays in diagnosis can lead to severe outcomes, differentiating milder cases from those with potentially serious outcomes is important. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with bowel resection among intussusception cases using data ...
Lee Melissa Huilin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Well infants with petechiae and/or purpura can present to emergency departments, and their management can be difficult. Many will have extensive investigations and treatment that may not be necessary. METHODS: This was a retrospective and descriptive audit investigating well infants (<8 months of age) presenting with petechiae or purpura ...
Betoko Aisha - - 2012
The wide variety of infant formula available on the market can be confusing for parents and physicians. We aimed to determine associations between predominant type of formula used from birth to 4 months and parental and child characteristics and type of physician consulted, and then to describe relations between type ...
Abraham Elizheeba C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To explore associations of early infant feeding with (i) eating patterns in the second year of life and (ii) weight status in the fourth year of life in a prospective cohort of children in Scotland. DESIGN: Growing Up in Scotland (GUS) longitudinal birth cohort study (2005-2008). SETTING: Scotland, UK. ...
Clarke M F - - 2012
SUMMARYTo assess the impact of Bordetella pertussis infections in South Australia during an epidemic and determine vulnerable populations, data from notification reports for pertussis cases occurring between July 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed to determine the distribution of disease according to specific risk factors and examine associations with hospitalizations. ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
Laser therapy is effective in the treatment of severe forms of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and aggressive posterior ROP (APROP), but always damages the retina. We report our preliminary findings in seven premature infants with complicated ROP or APROP who were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) as first line monotherapy ...
Krouse Anne - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the infant bed-sharing practices of mothers from the birth of the infant to three months of age. The study was a longitudinal descriptive design using a self-report instrument immediately after delivery with follow-up phone interviews at one and three months after discharge. ...
Mahadevia Parthiv J - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The cost-effectiveness of palivizumab has previously been reported among certain guideline-eligible, high-risk premature infants in Medicaid. Because guideline authorities base decisions on a national perspective, the economic model of palivizumab was adapted to include all infants, that is, public and privately insured patients (60% of palivizumab use is ...
Ek Sverker - - 2012
Objective. To describe the establishment of the fetoscopic guided laser occlusion (FLOC) technique for treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and the initial results in a Swedish national center. Design. Retrospective, descriptive study. Setting. Tertiary level university hospital. Population. All referred and treated cases suffering significant TTTS. Methods. The present ...
Mandy George - - 2012
Optimizing the timing and safety for the placement of a tracheostomy in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not been determined. The purpose of the present study was to describe the data from a single institution about the efficacy and safety of tracheostomy placement in infants with BPD needing long-term ...
Inati Adlette - - 2012
In this study we aimed to determine the prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in a Lebanese population and the clinical outcomes and associated adverse events encountered amongst affected patients. Newborn screening in a tertiary care centre in North Lebanon showed a prevalence of 2.1% (62 out of 3009), significantly ...
Padman Raj - - 2012
With newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) now accessible in every state in the US, more infants are being diagnosed. Currently, no large-scale randomized studies are available to assist clinicians in providing evidence-based medical care for the youngest CF patients. We review the standard of diagnostic evaluation, the sweat test, ...
Alexander Peta M A - - 2012
Passive immunisation with palivizumab is recommended in many countries for children with haemodynamically significant cardiac disease. We trialled respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) immunoprophylaxis in such infants during 2008–2009. We identified all RSV admissions between 2005–2009 and examined all patients with significant cardiac disease who received palivizumab in 2008–2009. Infants with ...
Sobel Howard L - - 2012
Background: Infant formula usage places children at risk for illness and death. Studies in the United States demonstrated high economic burden, health care costs, and absenteeism of caregivers associated with formula usage. Despite high formula usage in developing countries, no economic studies were found. This study examines the financial burden ...
Swenson Amanda K - - 2012
All newborns should be screened with pulse oximetry prior to discharge; it increases detection of congenital heart defects.
Silverman Robert A - - 2012
We present a case of severe intertrigo in the neck of a 5 month-old infant. The cause was Streptococcus pyogenes.
Nuolivirta Kirsi - - 2012
BACKGROUND.: Innateimmunity receptors play a critical role in host defence. In addition, the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) has been connected to allergy and asthma. AIMS.: To evaluate the association between the TLR3L412F polymorphism and viral findings, clinical characteristics and subsequent wheezing in young infants with bronchiolitis. METHODS.: In all,129 ...
Hu Peng - - 2012
An 11-month-old male infant was admitted to our hospital with fever, fussiness, poor feeding, vomiting, and tachypnea for two days prior. Physical examination revealed sporadic papules and vesicles occurring on his hands, feet, face, and perianal mucosa. Enterovirus 71 was identified from both throat swab and vesicle fluid using virus ...
Guerrot Anne-Marie - - 2012
To compare neonatal and 2-year outcomes in very premature infants born 5 years apart. Prospective observational study of infants born before 33 weeks' gestation in 2000 or 2005 admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit in France. We collected perinatal data and evaluated motor, cognitive, neurosensory and behavioural outcomes at ...
Diepstraten S C E - - 2012
Adrenal abscess is an uncommon finding in neonates and young infants. It may have a fatal outcome if inadequately treated. This case report describes the successful diagnosis and treatment of a left-sided adrenal abscess in a 5-week-old girl. Abdominal US and antigranulocyte antibody-scintigraphy showed an encapsulated suprarenal mass with debris ...
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