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Moraes Priscila Santa de - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To verify the caloric and sanitary profile of human milk stored at the Human Milk Bank at Londrina University Hospital. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the Human Milk Bank registry regarding the source, the amount collected in liters, the amount of calories by liter assessed by crematocrit, ...
Hinde Katie - - 2013
Mother's milk provides building blocks necessary for infant development and growth postnatally. Minerals in milk are particularly important for infant skeletal development and may reflect maternal characteristics that are associated with the capacity to synthesize milk and sex-specific developmental priorities of the infant. Using a large sample of mother-infant dyads ...
Hansen Michèle - - 2013
BACKGROUNDIt has been 10 years since we carried out a systematic search of the literature on birth defect risk in infants born following assisted reproductive technology (ART) compared with non-ART infants. Because of changes to ART practice since that review and the publication of more studies the objective of this ...
Jensen Berit Packert - - 2013
To the best of our knowledge, there have been no published studies of doxazosin transfer into human milk. In rats, milk concentrations twentyfold higher than in plasma have been reported. Based on these animal data, some references advise to avoid breastfeeding during doxazosin therapy. However, the physicochemical properties of doxazosin ...
Addyman Caspar - - 2013
Two experiments demonstrate that 5-month-olds are sensitive to local redundancy in visual-temporal sequences. In Experiment 1, 20 infants saw 2 separate sequences of looming colored shapes that possessed the same elements but contrasting transitional probabilities. One sequence was random whereas the other was based on bigrams. Without any prior exposure, ...
Edison Erica E - - 2013
Creatine is essential for normal neural development; children with inborn errors of creatine synthesis or transport exhibit neurological symptoms such as mental retardation, speech delay and epilepsy. Creatine accretion may occur through dietary intake or de novo creatine synthesis. The objective of the present study was to determine how much ...
Nelson Ryan K RK Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60637, - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic, gram-negative pathogen associated with many hospital-acquired infections and disease states. In particular, P. aeruginosa has been identified as a crucial factor in the pathogenesis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). This condition presents more frequently in infants fed a formula-based diet, which may be a result ...
Quinn Paul C - - 2013
Three- to 7-month-olds were administered a house version of the Face Dimensions Test in which the featural and configural information of the upper and lower windows were systematically varied. The Dimensions Test has previously been used to study the processing of face features and their configurations by infants (Quinn & ...
Goldacre M J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Overt hypothyroidism and thyrotoxicosis have widespread systemic effects and are associated with increased mortality. Most death certificates that include them do not have the thyroid disease coded as the underlying cause of death. AIM: To describe regional (1979-2010) and national (1995-2010) trends in mortality rates for acquired hypothyroidism and ...
Trapiella-Alfonso Laura - - 2013
A general and universal analytical strategy for characterization of hapten-BSA conjugates based on complementary optical spectroscopy and molecular mass spectrometry techniques is here described. The proposed procedure provides highly-valuable information about the molecular weight of the conjugate, its stoichiometry and the concentration of the precursors (hapten and BSA) in the ...
Javed Asma - - 2013
Abstract Pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 (PHA-1) is a rare salt-wasting syndrome caused by a peripheral resistance to aldosterone. Here, we describe an unusual presentation of the autosomal dominant PHA-1 featuring bilateral pneumothoraces at birth, thrombocytosis in infancy, and hypercalcemia in addition to the well-described findings of hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and failure to ...
Wright Charlotte M - - 2013
As part of the process of adopting the WHO standard in the United Kingdom, the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) was commissioned by the UK Department of Health to design new UK-WHO growth charts. The working group for this project combined expertise ranging from statistics and graphic ...
Thairu L - - 2013
To review medical devices addressing newborn health in resource-poor settings, and to identify existing and potential barriers to their actual and efficient use in these settings. We searched Pubmed as our principal electronic reference library and dedicated databases such as Maternova and the Maternal and Neonatal Directed Assessment of Technology. ...
Nübel Ulrich - - 2013
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) may cause prolonged outbreaks of infections in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). While the specific factors favouring MRSA spread on neonatal wards are not well understood, colonized infants, their relatives, or health-care workers may all be sources for MRSA transmission. Whole-genome sequencing may provide a new ...
Tang Liuying - - 2013
The Chinese human adenovirus 7 (HAdV7) 0901HZ/ShX/CHN/2009 was isolated from the hydrothorax fluid of an infant with fatal pneumonia in Shaanxi, China, in 2009. Comparison of the entire genome with the genomes of the other 10 strains of HAdV7 from GenBank revealed homologies of 89.9 to 99.9%, with geographic polymorphism ...
Salemi Jason L - - 2013
Background: As high-speed computers and sophisticated software packages for data linkage become increasingly available, investigators from nearly every arena are creating massive databases for epidemiologic and comparative effectiveness research (CER). Decisions made during database construction have a major impact on the accuracy and completeness of the data. Considering their potential ...
Papademetriou Maria D - - 2013
Precise localisation of cortical activation in the early development of the infant brain remains unclear. It is challenging to co-register haemodynamic responses during functional activation in infants with the underlying anatomy of the brain. We used a multispectral imaging algorithm to reconstruct 3D optical topographic images of haemodynamic responses in ...
Cai Xian-Quan - - 2013
Cronobacter spp. is an emerging pathogen that causes meningitis, sepsis, bacteremia, and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates and children. The present study developed an assay integrating real-time PCR and high resolution melting (HRM) analysis targeting the OmpA gene for the specific detection and rapid identification of Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) ...
McGregor Carolyn - - 2013
The intensive care of immature preterm infants is a challenging, dynamic clinical task that is complicated because these infants frequently develop a range of comorbidities as they grow and develop after their premature birth. Earliest reliable condition onset detection is a goal within this setting and high frequency physiological analysis ...
Su Haixia - - 2013
To investigate the prevalence of occult HBV infection (OBI) among children and to characterize virology of occult HBV, we conducted an epidemiological survey. 186 HB-vaccinated infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers were included in the study. Serological tests for HBV markers were performed using commercial ELISA kits. Real-time quantitative PCR and ...
Schaal Benoist - - 2013
The initial interactions of mouse newborns with their mother are crucial for their survival. These interactions rapidly end in the pups reaching nipples and getting milk. While we realize that olfaction is clearly prevailing in the success of these first suckling episodes, we still understand little about the nature and ...
Akiyama Lisa F - - 2013
Due to the rapid anatomical changes that occur within the brain structure in early human development and the significant differences between infant brains and the widely used standard adult templates, it becomes increasingly important to utilize appropriate age- and population-specific average templates when analyzing infant neuroimaging data. In this study ...
Naureen Irum - - 2013
In hydrocephalus an imbalance between production and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results in fluid accumulation, compression and stretching of the brain parenchyma. In addition, changes in CSF composition have a profound influence on the development and function of the brain and together, these can result in severe life-long neurological ...
Cristia Alejandrina A Neurobiology of Language, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Until recently, imaging the infant brain was very challenging. Functional Near InfraRed Spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a promising, relatively novel technique, whose use is rapidly expanding. As an emergent field, it is particularly important to share methodological knowledge to ensure replicable and robust results. In this paper, we present a community-augmented ...
Richardson Sandra D - - 2013
Introduction: Birth defects surveillance programs support efforts to prevent and address population health. For 30 years, the New York State (NYS) Department of Health (DOH) Congenital Malformations Registry (CMR) has been receiving reports of children with birth defects diagnosed from birth to age 2 years as required by NYS DOH ...
Roisman Glenn I GI University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2013
This paper advises caution in relation to the increasing interest in molecular-genetic association studies in developmental psychology based on a set of empirical examples from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) that highlight the fragility of effects reported in the literature on the molecular-genetic correlates ...
Goldfield Eugene C EC Program in Behavioral Science, Harvard Medical School, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Tongue-soft palate coordination and bolus head pharyngeal transit were studied by means of postacquisition kinematic analysis of videofluoroscopic swallowing images of ten preterm infants referred from hospital NICUs due to poor oral feeding and suspicion of aspiration. Sequences of coordinated tongue-soft palate movements and bolus transits during swallows of thin-consistency ...
Li Gang G Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
Accurate and consistent labeling of longitudinal cortical surfaces is essential to understand the early dynamic development of cortical structure and function in both normal and abnormal infant brains. In this paper, we propose a novel method for simultaneous, consistent, and unbiased labeling of longitudinal dynamic cortical surfaces in the infant ...
Tiemersma Sybrich - - 2012
Abstract Background: Aerosol therapy in preterm infants is challenging, as a very small proportion of the drug deposits in the lungs. Aim: Our aim was to compare efficiency of standard devices with newer, more efficient aerosol delivery devices. Methods: Using salbutamol as a drug marker, we studied two prototypes of ...
Lewis Zachery T - - 2012
Bifidobacteria are intestinal anaerobes often associated with gut health. Specific bifidobacterial species are particularly common in the gastrointestinal tract of breast-fed infants. Current short read next-generation sequencing approaches to profile fecal microbial ecologies do not discriminate bifidobacteria to the species level. Here we describe a low-cost terminal restriction fragment length ...
Gupta Raegan Wetzel - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Bacterial colonization is considered a major risk factor for necrotizing enterocolitis. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that Histamine-2 receptor blockers alter colonic bacterial colonization by analyzing and comparing the fecal microbiota in premature infants with and without Histamine-2 receptor blocker therapy using sensitive molecular ...
Kozák Lajos R - - 2012
Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly being used for neonatal and young pediatric subjects. Our purpose was to investigate a) whether cardiac triggering was needed to reduce variability of diffusion (tensor) imaging data, b) how pulsation artifacts affect the fitted diffusion tensor when triggering is not used and c) ...
Macari Suzanne L - - 2012
The study examined whether performance profiles on individual items of the Toddler Module of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule at 12 months are associated with developmental status at 24 months in infants at high and low risk for developing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A nonparametric decision-tree learning algorithm identified sets ...
Meadow William - - 2012
This article discusses the ethical issues surrounding the resuscitation of infants who are at great risk to die or survive with significant morbidity. Data are introduced regarding money, outcomes, and prediction. Gestational age influences some of the outcomes after birth more than others do. Prediction is possible at four stages ...
Kumar Tarun - - 2012
Infants born with gastroschisis in association with intestinal atresia are well described. We are the proposing the classification of vanishing gastroschisis. In this series of six cases, at one end of the spectrum is an infant having gastroschisis with a much narrower defect on the right side of umbilicus. The ...
Bream Elise N A EN Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify genetic variants contributing to preterm birth (PTB) using a linkage candidate gene approach. We studied 99 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for 33 genes in 257 families with PTBs segregating. Nonparametric and parametric analyses were used. Premature infants and mothers of premature infants were ...
Shin Hyunju - - 2013
An isotope dilution LC/mass spectrometric (ID-LC/MS) method was developed as a candidate reference method for the accurate determination of niacin in infant formula, breakfast cereals and multivitamin. After spiking nicotinamide-d(4) as an internal standard, infant formula and breakfast cereal samples were hydrolysed under alkaline condition. Samples were then analysed in ...
Lam Sandi - - 2012
Meconium staining of open myelomeningoceles has been reported to occur both prenatally and postnatally, but meconium staining of the brainstem has not been previously documented. The authors present a case of meconium staining of the brainstem in an infant with a meconium-stained myelomeningocele, Chiari malformation Type II, and hydrocephalus and ...
Bose Carl L CL Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
Little evidence is available to document that mechanical ventilation is an antecedent of systemic inflammation in preterm humans. We obtained blood on postnatal day 14 from 726 infants born before the 28th week of gestation and measured the concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins. We created multivariable models to assess the ...
Mallin Brittany M BM Division of Epidemiology, University of - - 2012
This study examined the effect of attention in young infants on the saccadic localization of dynamic peripheral stimuli presented on complex and interesting backgrounds. Infants at 14, 20, and 26 weeks of age were presented with scenes from a Sesame Street movie until fixation on a moving character occurred and ...
Frankenhuis Willem E WE Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, Hattyú u. 14, 1015 Budapest, Hungary. - - 2013
Two significant questions in cognitive and developmental science are first, whether objects and events are selected for attention based on their features (featural processing) or the configuration of their features (configural processing), and second, how these modes of processing develop. These questions have been addressed in part with experiments focused ...
Manduca Antonia - - 2012
Abstract Mother-infant interactions are essential for proper neurobehavioral development of the offspring, and disruptions in those relationships may result in neuroendocrine, neurochemical and behavioral alterations at adulthood. The neural circuitries involved in mother-infant interactions have not been completely elucidated yet. The brain endocannabinoid system plays an essential role in prenatal ...
Saunders Carol Jean - - 2012
Monogenic diseases are frequent causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality, and disease presentations are often undifferentiated at birth. More than 3500 monogenic diseases have been characterized, but clinical testing is available for only some of them and many feature clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Hence, an immense unmet need exists for ...
Boisvert Michel R - - 2012
Aim: To identify, using capillary electrophoresis and chemometrics, early biomarkers in human amniotic fluid of large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants. Materials & methods: Second trimester amniotic fluid samples, obtained from mothers undergoing age-related amniocentesis, were analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. Electropherogram data were aligned using correlation-optimized warping. A genetic algorithm using a Bayesian ...
Dai Yakang - - 2012
It's a great challenge to analyze infant brain MR images due to the small brain size and low contrast of the developing brain tissues. We have developed an Infant Brain Extraction and Analysis Toolbox (iBEAT) for various processing of magnetic resonance (MR) images of infant brains. Several major functions generally ...
Konar Hiralal H Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital, CD-55, Salt Lake City, Sector-1, Kolkata, 700 064 - - 2013
The aim of this study of maternal deaths through FOGSI members is to see its current STATUS. A three-year retrospective observational study from January 2005 to December 2007 formed the basis for collection of the data for analysis. A wide variation of maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in the five zones ...
Mitchell Timothy J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To implement an automated analysis of EEG recordings from prematurely-born infants and thus provide objective, reproducible results. METHODS: Bayesian probability theory is employed to compute the posterior probability for developmental features of interest in EEG recordings. Currently, these features include smooth delta waves (0.5-1.5Hz, >100μV), delta brushes (delta portion: ...
Agrawal Saurabh - - 2012
Ultrasonography is an emerging tool for monitoring clubfoot correction and for early diagnosis of spurious correction and of deformity recurrence. Sonography is widely available, inexpensive and has dynamic capability and can visualize tarsals in infants accurately.
Drysdale Simon B - - 2012
A systematic literature review has been undertaken. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in infancy is associated with chronic respiratory morbidity. Premorbid abnormal lung function may predispose to RVS LRTI in prematurely born infants. Conclusion:  Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in genes coding for IL-8, IL-19, IL-20, IL-13 mannose-binding lectin, ...
Wass S V - - 2012
Researchers studying infants' spontaneous allocation of attention have traditionally relied on hand-coding infants' direction of gaze from videos; these techniques have low temporal and spatial resolution and are labor intensive. Eye-tracking technology potentially allows for much more precise measurement of how attention is allocated at the subsecond scale, but a ...
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