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Aqil Mansoor - - 2013
We report a case of unexpected kinking of endotracheal (ET) tube in an infant who was being operated in supine position and positioned away from the anesthetist. The usual management mentioned in the literature was unsuccessful. So, a simple and unique solution that can be useful in unanticipated kinking of ...
Lee Yee Siong - - 2013
This paper further investigates the use of Doppler radar for detecting and identifying certain human respiratory characteristics from observed frequency and phase modulations. Specifically, we show how breathing frequencies can be determined from the demodulated signal leading to identifying abnormalities of breathing patterns using signal derivatives, optimal filtering and standard ...
Neuschulz J - - 2013
In order to visualize and quantify the direction and extent of morphological upper-jaw changes in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) during early orthodontic treatment, a three-dimensional method of cast analysis for routine application was developed. In the present investigation, this method was used to identify reaction patterns ...
Reggiannini Brian - - 2013
PURPOSE: In this paper, we describe and validate the performance of a modern acoustic analyzer specifically designed for infant-cry analysis. METHOD: Utilizing known algorithms, we developed a method to extract acoustic parameters describing infant cries from standard digital audio files. We use a frame rate of 25 ms with a ...
Cantrell Lisa - - 2013
Considerable research has investigated infants' numerical capacities. Studies in this domain have used procedures of habituation, head turn, violation of expectation, reaching, and crawling to ask what quantities infants discriminate and represent visually, auditorily as well as intermodally. The concensus view from these studies is that infants possess a numerical ...
Venturini Elisabetta - - 2013
Herpes simplex encephalitis classically involves the periventricular white matter in infants and the mesial temporal lobes, inferior frontal lobes, and insula in older children and adults. However, the increasing use of polymerase chain reaction to detect viral DNA in the cerebrospinal fluid has allowed the expansion of the spectrum of ...
Paes Emma C - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) has been successfully applied in infants suffering Robin sequence (RS) with severe upper airway obstruction, but no comparative studies for the different types of MDO exist to date. The objective of the current study was to systematically review the published data considering this matter, providing ...
Zhang Ying - - 2013
Very preterm infants are at high risk of death and serious permanent brain damage, as occurs with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) that quantifies the fractal correlation properties of physiological signals has been proposed as a potential method for clinical risk assessment. This study examined whether DFA of ...
Lipkind Dina D Department of Psychology, Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, NY 10065, USA. - - 2013
Human language, as well as birdsong, relies on the ability to arrange vocal elements in new sequences. However, little is known about the ontogenetic origin of this capacity. Here we track the development of vocal combinatorial capacity in three species of vocal learners, combining an experimental approach in zebra finches ...
Chatterton Dereck E W - - 2013
The human newborn infant is susceptible to gut inflammatory disorders. In particular, growth-restricted infants or infants born prematurely may develop a severe form of intestinal inflammation known as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which has a high mortality. Milk provides a multitude of proteins with anti-inflammatory properties and in this review we ...
Sravish Akhila V - - 2013
A dynamic systems analytical model was used to characterize infant-caregiver regulatory dynamics. Though stable, there was an increase in dyadic flexibility following a perturbation. Dyadic flexibility was positively related to infant negativity during the perturbation. Findings were qualified by infant sex and maternal depressive symptoms.
Oresic Matej M VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland. - - 2013
Previous studies show that children who later progress to type 1 diabetes (T1D) have decreased preautoimmune concentrations of multiple phospholipids as compared with nonprogressors. It is still unclear whether these changes associate with development of β-cell autoimmunity or specifically with clinical T1D. Here, we studied umbilical cord serum lipidome in ...
Marchitti Satori A - - 2013
Women in the United States have breast milk concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) that are among the highest in the world, leading to concerns over the potential health implications to breastfeeding infants during critical stages of growth and development. Developing cost effective and sustainable methods for assessing chemical exposures ...
Montagna M - - 2013
Palivizumab (Synagis) is a humanized monoclonal antibody (IgG1K) composed of 95 percent human and 5 percent murine sequences. It is directed to an epitope in the A antigenic site of the F protein of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Palivizumab is used for prevention of serious lower respiratory tract disease caused ...
Ram Ashok Daya - - 2013
Background/Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of elevation of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in infants with gastroschisis managed by placement of a preformed silo and subsequent nonoperative closure.Methods CRP measurements were collected prospectively in infants with gastroschisis undergoing preformed silo placement until defect closure. ...
Cui Hong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With the improvement of perinatal care and neonatal intensive care technology in recent years, a preterm infant, especially with small gestational age and very low birth weight, survives more and more. At the same time, adverse neurodevelopmental prognosis caused by brain damage in preterm infant also increased significantly. Preterm ...
Gross Bradley A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Among the technical challenges involved in safely performing neuroendovascular procedures in infants are limitations on the size of femoral arterial access catheters. Restricting groin access to 4 F and 5 F systems constrains the range of procedures that can potentially be performed. METHODS AND RESULTS: We present here a ...
Mash Clay - - 2013
The brain electrical responses of 3-month-old infants were compared between images of familiar and unfamiliar faces. Infants were shown images of their mothers and of appearance-matched female strangers for 500 ms per trial while their electroencephalography was recorded. Electroencephalographic signals were segmented from stimulus onset through 1200 ms, and segments ...
Lane Victoria - - 2013
We report an infant who presented with a discharging single-lumen, tubular, and mucosa-lined umbilical mass and a large central abdominal mass, inferior to the umbilicus. At operation, the mass was discovered to be a prolapsed, open, and inflamed urachal sinus leading to a pyourachus. Primary total excision from dome of ...
Power Karen A - - 2013
Cronobacter is an opportunistic pathogen associated with meningitis in neonates. Based on long-term surveillance of a powdered infant formula production facility, a persistent and thermotolerant isolate, denoted Cronobacter sakazakii SP291, was detected. Here we report the complete genome along with the sequences of three plasmids identified in this organism.
Matsunaga Y - - 2013
Inherited or acquired protein C (PC) deficiency leads to thromboembolic events. Plasma PC activity in infancy is physiologically lower than in adults. We describe a case of neonatal asphyxia and acute renal failure associated with isolated PC deficiency. A full-term male infant was born to a healthy mother by caesarean ...
Li Ji - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Passive surveillance for congenital anomalies using birth certificates are generally considered to have biased reporting, though the sources of those biases are not well-known nor controlled for. We have analyzed the congenital anomaly reporting data for 418,385 live births in West Virginia (1990-2009) from the 1989 US standard birth ...
Flood Jeanie L - - 2013
Before any breastfeeding promotion effort, an understanding of the existing breastfeeding patterns is essential. Hawai'i County is a rural, ethnically diverse, medically underserved community. The purpose of this study was to describe the breastfeeding patterns of women living in Hilo, Hawai'i. Data from several existing national, state, and local data ...
Moraes Priscila Santa de - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To verify the caloric and sanitary profile of human milk stored at the Human Milk Bank at Londrina University Hospital. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the Human Milk Bank registry regarding the source, the amount collected in liters, the amount of calories by liter assessed by crematocrit, ...
Hinde Katie - - 2013
Mother's milk provides building blocks necessary for infant development and growth postnatally. Minerals in milk are particularly important for infant skeletal development and may reflect maternal characteristics that are associated with the capacity to synthesize milk and sex-specific developmental priorities of the infant. Using a large sample of mother-infant dyads ...
Hansen Michèle - - 2013
BACKGROUNDIt has been 10 years since we carried out a systematic search of the literature on birth defect risk in infants born following assisted reproductive technology (ART) compared with non-ART infants. Because of changes to ART practice since that review and the publication of more studies the objective of this ...
Jensen Berit Packert - - 2013
To the best of our knowledge, there have been no published studies of doxazosin transfer into human milk. In rats, milk concentrations twentyfold higher than in plasma have been reported. Based on these animal data, some references advise to avoid breastfeeding during doxazosin therapy. However, the physicochemical properties of doxazosin ...
Addyman Caspar - - 2013
Two experiments demonstrate that 5-month-olds are sensitive to local redundancy in visual-temporal sequences. In Experiment 1, 20 infants saw 2 separate sequences of looming colored shapes that possessed the same elements but contrasting transitional probabilities. One sequence was random whereas the other was based on bigrams. Without any prior exposure, ...
Edison Erica E - - 2013
Creatine is essential for normal neural development; children with inborn errors of creatine synthesis or transport exhibit neurological symptoms such as mental retardation, speech delay and epilepsy. Creatine accretion may occur through dietary intake or de novo creatine synthesis. The objective of the present study was to determine how much ...
Nelson Ryan K RK Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60637, - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic, gram-negative pathogen associated with many hospital-acquired infections and disease states. In particular, P. aeruginosa has been identified as a crucial factor in the pathogenesis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). This condition presents more frequently in infants fed a formula-based diet, which may be a result ...
Quinn Paul C - - 2013
Three- to 7-month-olds were administered a house version of the Face Dimensions Test in which the featural and configural information of the upper and lower windows were systematically varied. The Dimensions Test has previously been used to study the processing of face features and their configurations by infants (Quinn & ...
Goldacre M J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Overt hypothyroidism and thyrotoxicosis have widespread systemic effects and are associated with increased mortality. Most death certificates that include them do not have the thyroid disease coded as the underlying cause of death. AIM: To describe regional (1979-2010) and national (1995-2010) trends in mortality rates for acquired hypothyroidism and ...
Trapiella-Alfonso Laura - - 2013
A general and universal analytical strategy for characterization of hapten-BSA conjugates based on complementary optical spectroscopy and molecular mass spectrometry techniques is here described. The proposed procedure provides highly-valuable information about the molecular weight of the conjugate, its stoichiometry and the concentration of the precursors (hapten and BSA) in the ...
Javed Asma - - 2013
Abstract Pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 (PHA-1) is a rare salt-wasting syndrome caused by a peripheral resistance to aldosterone. Here, we describe an unusual presentation of the autosomal dominant PHA-1 featuring bilateral pneumothoraces at birth, thrombocytosis in infancy, and hypercalcemia in addition to the well-described findings of hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and failure to ...
Wright Charlotte M - - 2013
As part of the process of adopting the WHO standard in the United Kingdom, the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) was commissioned by the UK Department of Health to design new UK-WHO growth charts. The working group for this project combined expertise ranging from statistics and graphic ...
Thairu L - - 2013
To review medical devices addressing newborn health in resource-poor settings, and to identify existing and potential barriers to their actual and efficient use in these settings. We searched Pubmed as our principal electronic reference library and dedicated databases such as Maternova and the Maternal and Neonatal Directed Assessment of Technology. ...
Goldfield Eugene C - - 2013
Tongue-soft palate coordination and bolus head pharyngeal transit were studied by means of postacquisition kinematic analysis of videofluoroscopic swallowing images of ten preterm infants referred from hospital NICUs due to poor oral feeding and suspicion of aspiration. Sequences of coordinated tongue-soft palate movements and bolus transits during swallows of thin-consistency ...
Nübel Ulrich - - 2013
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) may cause prolonged outbreaks of infections in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). While the specific factors favouring MRSA spread on neonatal wards are not well understood, colonized infants, their relatives, or health-care workers may all be sources for MRSA transmission. Whole-genome sequencing may provide a new ...
Tang Liuying - - 2013
The Chinese human adenovirus 7 (HAdV7) 0901HZ/ShX/CHN/2009 was isolated from the hydrothorax fluid of an infant with fatal pneumonia in Shaanxi, China, in 2009. Comparison of the entire genome with the genomes of the other 10 strains of HAdV7 from GenBank revealed homologies of 89.9 to 99.9%, with geographic polymorphism ...
Salemi Jason L - - 2013
Background: As high-speed computers and sophisticated software packages for data linkage become increasingly available, investigators from nearly every arena are creating massive databases for epidemiologic and comparative effectiveness research (CER). Decisions made during database construction have a major impact on the accuracy and completeness of the data. Considering their potential ...
Papademetriou Maria D - - 2013
Precise localisation of cortical activation in the early development of the infant brain remains unclear. It is challenging to co-register haemodynamic responses during functional activation in infants with the underlying anatomy of the brain. We used a multispectral imaging algorithm to reconstruct 3D optical topographic images of haemodynamic responses in ...
Cai Xian-Quan - - 2013
Cronobacter spp. is an emerging pathogen that causes meningitis, sepsis, bacteremia, and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates and children. The present study developed an assay integrating real-time PCR and high resolution melting (HRM) analysis targeting the OmpA gene for the specific detection and rapid identification of Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) ...
McGregor Carolyn - - 2013
The intensive care of immature preterm infants is a challenging, dynamic clinical task that is complicated because these infants frequently develop a range of comorbidities as they grow and develop after their premature birth. Earliest reliable condition onset detection is a goal within this setting and high frequency physiological analysis ...
Su Haixia - - 2013
To investigate the prevalence of occult HBV infection (OBI) among children and to characterize virology of occult HBV, we conducted an epidemiological survey. 186 HB-vaccinated infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers were included in the study. Serological tests for HBV markers were performed using commercial ELISA kits. Real-time quantitative PCR and ...
Schaal Benoist - - 2013
The initial interactions of mouse newborns with their mother are crucial for their survival. These interactions rapidly end in the pups reaching nipples and getting milk. While we realize that olfaction is clearly prevailing in the success of these first suckling episodes, we still understand little about the nature and ...
Akiyama Lisa F - - 2013
Due to the rapid anatomical changes that occur within the brain structure in early human development and the significant differences between infant brains and the widely used standard adult templates, it becomes increasingly important to utilize appropriate age- and population-specific average templates when analyzing infant neuroimaging data. In this study ...
Naureen Irum - - 2013
In hydrocephalus an imbalance between production and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results in fluid accumulation, compression and stretching of the brain parenchyma. In addition, changes in CSF composition have a profound influence on the development and function of the brain and together, these can result in severe life-long neurological ...
Cristia Alejandrina A Neurobiology of Language, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Until recently, imaging the infant brain was very challenging. Functional Near InfraRed Spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a promising, relatively novel technique, whose use is rapidly expanding. As an emergent field, it is particularly important to share methodological knowledge to ensure replicable and robust results. In this paper, we present a community-augmented ...
Roisman Glenn I GI University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2013
This paper advises caution in relation to the increasing interest in molecular-genetic association studies in developmental psychology based on a set of empirical examples from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) that highlight the fragility of effects reported in the literature on the molecular-genetic correlates ...
Richardson Sandra D - - 2013
Introduction: Birth defects surveillance programs support efforts to prevent and address population health. For 30 years, the New York State (NYS) Department of Health (DOH) Congenital Malformations Registry (CMR) has been receiving reports of children with birth defects diagnosed from birth to age 2 years as required by NYS DOH ...
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