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McGrady Dr Michael DM Dental Public Health Public Health England/University of Manchester School of - - 2014
Objectives Data on fluoride exposure of infants are sparse. This study aimed to estimate total daily fluoride intake (TDFI) of infants aged 1-12 months, living in non-fluoridated and fluoridated areas in north-east England.Methods Daily dietary fluoride intake was assessed using a three-day food diary coupled with analysis of fluoride content ...
Zohoori F V FV School of Health and Social Care, Teesside - - 2014
Objectives Data on fluoride exposure of infants are sparse. This study aimed to estimate total daily fluoride intake (TDFI) of infants aged 1-12 months, living in non-fluoridated and fluoridated areas in north-east England.Methods Daily dietary fluoride intake was assessed using a three-day food diary coupled with analysis of fluoride content ...
Faust Kirstin K Department of Paediatrics, University of Lübeck, - - 2014
To determine levels of antimicrobial polypeptides (AMP) in cord blood of term and preterm neonates and to investigate influencing factors. In a single centre study n=139 preterm infants and n=36 term infants were included. AMP levels were analysed in supernatants of whole cord blood cultures with a standardized concentration of ...
Osterman Michelle Jk - - 2014
Objectives-This report describes state-specific trends in primary cesarean delivery rates from 2006 through 2012 for reporting areas that implemented the 2003 U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth by January 1, 2006, and from 2009 through 2012 for reporting areas that implemented the 2003 revision by January 1, 2009. State-specific changes ...
Park Jung-Hun - - 2014
To determine whether blood cadmium concentration is elevated in iron-deficient infants. Blood cadmium and serum ferritin concentrations, serum iron/total iron-binding capacity (Fe/TIBC) and complete blood counts were measured in 31 iron deficient and 36 control infants, aged 6-24 months. All 31 iron-deficient infants received iron supplementation for 1-6 months. Blood cadmium concentrations ...
Omar Samah S Department of Pediatric Dentistry, in the School of Dentistry, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, Calif., USA. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to measure the fluoride concentration in the most commonly consumed, commercially available infant fruit juices and to determine if a significant difference existed among various juice flavors and brands. Ninety samples of different flavors from three infant juice manufacturing companies were analyzed using the ...
Cranmer Lisa M LM Departments of 1Pediatrics, 2Epidemiology, 3Medicine, and 4Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; 5Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington, USA; 6Department of Paediatrics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, - - 2013
Infants born to HIV-1 infected mothers may have increased risk for tuberculosis (TB), but the prevalence of TB infection in this population is undefined. In contrast to tuberculin skin tests that are confounded by recent BCG vaccination, TB interferon gamma release assays (IGRAs) do not cross-react with BCG and enable ...
Elabiad Mohamad T MT Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2013
Objective To describe the blood level changes of mercury and lead after packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions in ≤ 750 g birth weight infants. Study Design Heavy metal blood levels were measured in infants in PRBC units on 1st, 4th, 5th, and 7th days (D1, D4, D5, and D7) of life and in urine ...
Sunderam Saswati - - 2013
Problem/Condition: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of advanced technologies to overcome infertility and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and ...
Vogel Markus - - 2013
We report a case of possible congenital tuberculosis in a 22+2 weeks, 460 g, vaginally delivered female infant born to a mother suffering from tuberculous endometritis, diagnosed soon after delivery. At 156 days of age, Mycobacterium tuberculosis was detected via PCR from the infant's gastric juice and was subsequently isolated. ...
McCann Mary Ellen - - 2013
Neonates have a higher perioperative mortality risk largely due to the degree of prior illness of the infants, the complexity of their surgeries, and infant physiology. It is important to consider contributing anesthetic factors during the perioperative period that may affect cerebral perfusion and neurocognitive outcome, such as alterations in ...
Park Sangkyu - - 2013
To determine whether blood lead concentration is elevated in iron-deficient infants, blood lead and serum ferritin concentrations, serum iron/transferring iron-binding capacity (Fe/TIBC) and complete blood counts were measured in 30 iron deficient and 35 control infants, aged 6-24 months. All 30 iron-deficient infants received iron supplementation (ferric hydroxide-polymaltose complex, 6mg/kg ...
McDonald Emily A - - 2013
Background:The global burden of schistosomiasis is significant, with fibrosis a major associated morbidity and the primary cause of mortality. We have previously shown that schistosomiasis during pregnancy up-regulates pro-inflammatory cytokines in the cord blood. In this study, we extend these findings to include a large panel of fibrosis-associated markers.Methods:We developed ...
Gallivan Mark D - - 2013
Death certificates are routinely used to estimate tuberculosis (TB) mortality rates. The validity of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes and text cause of death data for this purpose is uncertain. To evaluate the accuracy of ICD-10 coded and text cause of death data in identifying TB-related deaths ...
Ikewaki Nobunao - - 2013
We previously reported that CD93 is co-expressed on naive T-lymphocytes (CD4(+) CD45RA(+) cells) in neonatal umbilical cord blood cells (UCBCs) but not on normal adult peripheral blood cells (PBCs). In this study, we examined the expression of CD93 on other lymphocyte subsets and the serum or culture supernatant level of ...
Glangeaud-Freudenthal Nine M C - - 2013
Infants of parents with psychiatric disorders may be particularly vulnerable and have a higher risk of developing psychiatric disorders in adulthood. Until the second half of the 20th century, women and infants were cared for separately. Today, hospitalisation of women with their babies in psychiatric mother-baby units enables psychiatric care ...
Moyer Cheryl A - - 2013
Regional variability in facility-based delivery (FBD) rates in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is not well understood, nor is the relationship between FBD and national maternal and early neonatal mortality rates. A systematic literature review identified studies documenting the factors associated with FBD, stratified by region. Rates of skilled birth attendance, facility ...
Hernández Evelia - - 2013
Asthma and allergic diseases have increased worldwide; however, etilogic factors for this increase are still poor. Prenatal consumptions of fatty acids are hypothesized, although few clinical trials in developing countries have been performed. This study was designed to identify predictors of immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels in cord blood of Mexican ...
Lorenz Laila - - 2013
Background: Iron plays an essential role in various tissue functions, and hence the reliable assessment of iron nutrition status of preterm infants appears to be mandatory. Objectives: To summarize available data on cord blood concentrations of iron status parameters as surrogate reference ranges for preterm infants until term-equivalent age. Methods: ...
Park Sangkyu - - 2013
The present study was done to determine whether blood Mn concentration is elevated in iron-deficient infants. Thirty-one infants with iron deficiency and thirty-six control subjects (6-24 months of age) were tested for blood Mn concentration, complete blood counts, serum ferritin, and serum iron/transferring iron-binding capacity (Fe/TIBC). All the 31 iron-deficient infants ...
Singh Yoginder - - 2013
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) and UK Resuscitation Council (UKRC) updated guidance on newborn resuscitation in late 2010. To describe delivery room (DR) practice in stabilisation following very preterm birth (<32 weeks gestation) in the UK. We emailed a national survey of current DR stabilisation practice of very ...
Updegrove Kimberly - - 2013
Human milk, widely understood to be beneficial for infants, can be lifesaving for preterm neonates, especially in reducing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis. Donor human milk (DHM) is an option when mothers are unable to provide milk or have an inadequate supply for their infants. Nonprofit donor human milk banks ...
Flibotte J J - - 2013
Congenital tuberculosis (CTB) due to maternal genitourinary (GU) TB infection is a rare occurrence, as infection of the genital tract in women generally leads to infertility. Increasing availability of assisted reproductive technology creates the potential for CTB to emerge as a significant problem. We describe five infants (two sets of ...
Kazemi Seyed Ali Naghi - - 2013
Since cord blood triglyceride level have been reported very different in recent articles, the purpose of this study is determination of triglyceride level in cord blood of Iranian newborns and compare it with other reports. In this study, cord blood of 174 healthy term newborn infants (97 girls, 77 boys) ...
El Kenz H - - 2013
Prevention of transfusion-associated graft versus host disease (TA-GVHD) by gamma irradiation is known to induce increased K+ in supernatant of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) stored in CPDA-1 and SAGM conservative solutions. However, no data exist for PRBCs in AS-3 medium which is considered safe for neonatal transfusion. We evaluated ...
Baker Christopher D - - 2013
Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are decreased in the cord blood of preterm infants with moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We quantified ECFCs from infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a neonatal disorder with severe lung hypoplasia. Unlike newborns who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia, those with congenital diaphragmatic hernia had increased and highly-proliferative cord blood ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2013
Teen birth rates fell at least 15% for all but two states during 2007-2011-the most recent period of sustained decline; rates fell 30% or more in seven states. Declines in rates were steepest for Hispanic teenagers, averaging 34% for the United States, followed by declines of 24% for non-Hispanic black ...
Kumar Suresh - - 2013
Although tubercular meningitis is common in children, tubercular ventriculitis is uncommon. The authors report a 3-mo-old infant who had tubercular ventriculitis secondary to disseminated tuberculosis.
Srinivasan Lakshmi - - 2013
Traumatic lumbar punctures occur frequently in the neonatal intensive care unit, making the interpretation of cerebrospinal fluid values difficult. We report correction factors for cerebrospinal fluid protein and white blood cells in the face of red blood cell contamination. These correction factors should facilitate the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis in ...
Asrani Sumeet K SK Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2013
According to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), chronic liver disease and cirrhosis is the 12(th) leading cause of death in the United States. However, this single descriptor might not adequately enumerate all deaths from liver disease. The aim of our study was to update data on liver mortality ...
Macdorman Marian F - - 2013
KEY FINDINGS Following a plateau from 2000 through 2005, the U.S. infant mortality rate declined 12% from 2005 through 2011. Declines for neonatal and postneonatal mortality were similar. From 2005 through 2011, infant mortality declined 16% for non-Hispanic black women and 12% for non-Hispanic white women. Infant mortality declined for ...
Malik Za - - 2013
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is endemic to many parts of the world. It may have variable clinical presentations, especially in the pediatric age group. Presented here is the case of a 9-month old infant who was referred for infectious disease opinion when his thigh induration failed to improve after surgical drainage and ...
Abdel Mohsen Abdel Hakeem - - 2013
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) result from the failure of the normal fetal-to-neonatal circulatory transition is associated with substantial infant mortality and morbidity. To estimate the possible risk factors and assess the outcome of these cases. Prospective study was performed enrolling all full-term and post-term newborn admitted to ...
Kim Ja Hyeong - - 2013
Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between intrauterine exposure to cadmium and the presence of atopic dermatitis in infants 6 months of age, adjusted for covariates including exposure to other heavy metals. The present research is a component of the Mothers' and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study, a multi-center ...
Tameris Michele D MD South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine and School of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
BCG vaccination provides incomplete protection against tuberculosis in infants. A new vaccine, modified Vaccinia Ankara virus expressing antigen 85A (MVA85A), was designed to enhance the protective efficacy of BCG. We aimed to assess safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of MVA85A against tuberculosis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in infants. In our double-blind, ...
Marin Terri - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that antecedent red blood cell (RBC) transfusions increase the risk for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the most common gastrointestinal emergency encountered by very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. The underlying mechanism for this association is unknown. Altered oxygenation of the mesenteric vasculature during RBC transfusion has been hypothesized to contribute ...
Noh Hie Jin - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the amount of fluoride ingested from infant formula and baby food in infants aged up to 6 months in South Korea. The fluoride content of 20 commercially available formulas and 8 baby food samples from 4 different brands was measured using a ...
Luoto Raakel - - 2013
AIM: To characterize the clinical course and the gut microecology of premature infants with macroscopic gross blood in stools. METHODS: We studied 14 premature infants receiving breast milk supplemented with probiotics, according to our units practice, with macroscopic blood in stools without signs of ileus or systemic infection upon occurrence ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2013
Objective : To evaluate trends in macrosomia by severity in Indigenous vs. non-Indigenous populations of Québec, Canada. Methods: We used a retrospective cohort of 2,298,332 singleton live births in the province of Québec, 1981-2008. Indigenous births were identified by community of residence (First Nations, Inuit, non-Indigenous) and language spoken (First ...
Alvarado-Hernandez Diana Lorena - - 2013
Exposure to organochlorine pesticides was studied in a group of mother-infant pairs living in a rural area where agriculture is the main economic activity. Fumigation in this zone is performed with airplanes, thus affecting the inhabited areas around them, including schools. Heparinized venous blood of mothers and umbilical cords was ...
Racape Judith - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Perinatal mortality rates vary between ethnic groups but the relation with immigrant status is unclear. Previous research suggested that birth outcomes may either improve or deteriorate with duration of residence, depending on the migrant group. The objectives of this study are to describe and measure inequalities in pregnancy outcomes, ...
Amrock Stephen M - - 2013
Nationally representative historical trends in neonatal infantile hemangioma (IH) diagnosis have not been previously assessed. Using the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), trends in IH diagnoses were assessed according to race and sex. Findings confirmed prior research that female and white newborns are more likely to be diagnosed with IH, ...
Tokuriki Shuko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Biotin plays an important role as a covalently bound coenzyme for carboxylases. Carnitine is essential in β-oxidation to transport long-chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The present study was conducted to assess the risk of biotin and carnitine deficiencies in preterm infants who received enteral feeding with ...
Lee Mi Hyun - - 2013
Congenital tuberculosis is a rare disease which is curable after early diagnosis. Making an early diagnosis of tuberculosis in an infant is difficult, however, because of its nonspecific clinical findings. It therefore requires a high index of suspicion. In this paper we report the case of an infant with disseminated ...
Hounton Sennen - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Current methods for estimating maternal mortality lack precision, and are not suitable for monitoring progress in the short run. In addition, national maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) alone do not provide useful information on where the greatest burden of mortality is located, who is concerned, what are the causes, and ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2013
In 2011, South Dakota experienced a slight increase over the previous year in the number of live births with one in four births representing minorities. Paralleling national data, the rate of births per 1,000 15 to 17-year-olds has decreased to 1.65. The spike in low birth weight observed in 2010 ...
Hure Alexis J - - 2013
To report on the proportion and characteristics of Australian infants who are fed, and mothers who feed, in accordance with the national and international breastfeeding duration targets of six, 12 and 24 months. Furthermore, to examine the longitudinal breastfeeding duration patterns for women with more than one child. Breastfeeding duration ...
Le Doare Kirsty - - 2013
Little evidence is available on the pharmacokinetics of antituberculous medication in premature infants. We report rifampicin (RMP) pharmacokinetics in an extremely premature, low-birthweight female infant born to a mother with known miliary tuberculosis. Intravenous RMP, isoniazid (INH), ciprofloxacin and amikacin were used, as the enteral route was not possible. Area ...
Kalkstein Adam J - - 2013
Human mortality exhibits a strong seasonal pattern with deaths in winter far exceeding those in the summer. While the pattern itself is clear, there have been very few studies examining whether the magnitude or timing of seasonal mortality varies considerably across space. Thus, the goal of this study is to ...
Lepucka M - - 2013
In recent years the number of Caesarean sections (C-section) has been rapidly increasing. One of the reasons behind this is the fact that the scope of indications for these operations is still widening. The purpose of this article was to present a comparative analysis of the umbilical cord blood gas ...
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