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Results 301 - 350 of 361
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Elder Dawn E - - 2007
To monitor preterm infants in a cot and a car seat and compare an observed car seat trial with polysomnography (PSG). Non-randomised controlled trial. Regional neonatal unit. Preterm infants before discharge. Nap PSG respiratory and sleep variables were measured including gastro-oesophageal pH. Nurse observations included respiratory distress, apnoea measured by ...
Weitzman Raymond S - - 2007
A major focus of research on language acquisition in infancy involves experimental studies of the infant's ability to discriminate various kinds of speech or speech-like stimuli. This research has demonstrated that infants are sensitive to many fine-grained differences in the acoustic properties of speech utterances. Furthermore, these empirical findings have ...
Wahab Abdul - - 2006
Two sample populations, one refugee and one resident, were studied. The frequencies of consanguineous marriages came out to be 49.8%and 55.4%, respectively, for the refugees and the residents. Caste endogamy was dominant both in the residents and the refugees. The mean coefficient of inbreeding was calculated to be 0.0303 for ...
West C R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To document whether medically stable infants can be transferred safely from incubators to unheated, open cots at 1500 g. METHODS: Four cohorts were recruited in a stepwise observational trial of transfer from incubators to unheated, open cots. We aimed to transfer the first 15 infants into cots on reaching ...
Callaghan Ann - - 2005
To critically review all literature related to pacifier use for full-term healthy infants and young children. The specific review questions addressed are: What is the evidence of adverse and/or positive outcomes of pacifier use in infancy and childhood in relation to each of the following subtopics: • breast-feeding; • sudden ...
Bialocerkowski Andrea - - 2005
Background  Obstetric brachial plexus palsy, a complication of childbirth, occurs in 1-3 per 1000 live births internationally. Traction and/or compression of the brachial plexus is thought to be the primary mechanism of injury and this may occur in utero, during the descent through the birth canal or during delivery. This ...
Shimoda Motomu - - 2005
In Japan, "death with dignity" is a widely known term that is distinguished from "euthanasia." It is generally defined as "the act of letting a terminally ill or a patient in a persistent vegetative state die by withdrawing life-sustaining treatment on request in the form of a living will." Most ...
Jenkins R O - - 2005
AIMS: To compare growth and survival of selected bacteria implicated in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) on cot mattress polyurethane (PU) inner-foams and on different types of cot mattress cover materials. METHODS AND RESULTS: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes were inoculated onto swatches of new-unused cot mattress PU ...
Sherburn R E - - 2005
AIM: To investigate aerial release of bacteria from used cot mattresses and to assess factors that may influence this process. METHODS AND RESULTS: Movement on used mattresses, simulating that of an infant's head, significantly enhanced aerial release of naturally acquired bacteria from the polyurethane foams (total count data, P = ...
Baddock S A - - 2004
AIMS: To study bed-sharing and cot-sleeping infants in the natural setting of their own home in order to identify differences in the thermal characteristics of the two sleep situations and their potential hazards. METHODS: Forty routine bed-sharing infants and 40 routine cot-sleeping infants aged 5-27 weeks were individually matched between ...
Sherburn Richard E - - 2004
Cot mattress materials were investigated as potential reservoirs of bacteria in relation to the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The sleeping position of the infant significantly influenced bacterial population density of cot mattress polyurethane foams (p<0.0000001) and their covers (p<0.004). Staphylococcus aureus was isolated at significantly higher frequency (p<0.03) from ...
van Sleuwen B E - - 2003
From 1979 to 1993 Turkish infants had a significantly higher cot death risk compared to Dutch infants. In contrast Moroccan infants had a risk of cot death that was approximately three times lower compared to Dutch infants during the same period. This study shows that these differences have disappeared, while ...
Mitchell E A - - 2000
AIM: To assess the prevalence of plastic wrapping of cot mattresses and their thickness. METHODS: Mothers of infants less than six months attending Plunket clinics in Central Auckland were interviewed. The thickness of the plastic was measured. RESULTS: 99 of 110 (90%) mothers invited to participate were visited at home. ...
Davies M W - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the bacteria and fungi contaminating toys in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) cots, the colonization rates, and factors that influence them. METHODS: A cross-sectional, longitudinal bacteriologic survey of all toys in the cots of infants in an NICU. All the toys in an infant's cot were cultured ...
L'Hoir M P - - 1999
In the Netherlands a case control study into cot death was undertaken as part of the European Concerted Action on sudden infant death syndrome. Children between 1 week and 2 years of age who died suddenly and unexpectedly were reported. Non cot death cases were excluded after a consensus by ...
Bochkareva E - - 1999
Chaperonin GroEL, consisting of two seven-subunit rings stacked back-to-back, is disassembled by interaction of 4, 4'-dithiodipyridine (DTP) with Cys(458) located close to the intersubunit contacts within and between the rings. The thiol group of Cys(458) is inaccessible to the probe being buried into the pocket locked by segment Asn(475)-Asn(487). Flexibility ...
Weightman H - - 1998
Cot death (sudden infant death syndrome) is one of the most common causes of death in the first year of life. Four cases with a pathological fear of cot death are presented. All the patients were depressed and in 2 cases the fear of cot death had an obsessional quality. ...
Mannen H - - 1997
The cDNAs encoding lactate dehydrogenase isozymes LDH-A (muscle) and LDH-B (heart) from alligator and turtle and LDH-A, LDH-B, and LDH-C (testis) from pigeon were cloned and sequenced. The evolutionary relationships among vertebrate LDH isozymes were analyzed. Contrary to the traditional belief that the turtle lineage branched off before the divergence ...
Einspieler C - - 1997
According to several reports sudden infant death rates have decreased significantly after public campaigns aimed at reducing the incidence of sleeping in a prone position. The Styrian population (1.2 million inhabitants), who have been studied from 1984, also showed a significant drop in the incidence of cot death during 1989 ...
Arici S - - 1997
The mean tensile/peel bond strengths were evaluated for three types of aesthetic brackets (a ceramic-reinforced bracket and two generations of a ceramic/polycarbonate combination bracket). These were found to be significantly lower than the mean tensile/peel bond strength of a convention foil-mesh stainless steel bracket base. Failure of the ceramic-reinforced polycarbonate ...
Binns Helen J - - 1997
Dr Basco refers to the NCHS infant growth curves as "standards." Although many users view these curves as standards, and communicate as such to parents, we deliberately avoided using that term. Drs Frongillo and Garza succinctly review the significance of the use of growth references as "standards."Dr Basco requested more ...
Gilbert-Barness Enid - - 1997
This edition, like the second edition, includes 9 chapters. These chapters include the following: "Introduction and History of Crib Death," "Pathology of SIDS [Sudden Infant Death Syndrome],"Epidemiology,"Pathophysiology of Infants at Risk for SIDS," "Final Pathways: Theories of Cardiovascular Causes of SIDS," "Final Pathways: Apnea," "Identification and Management of Infants at ...
Moreira M A - - 1997
Regional assignment of five markers to chromosome 2 of Ateles paniscus chamek (APC) confirmed a syntenic association similar to human (HSA) 12q + 14q + 15q. TCF1 was allocated to a shortest region of overlap (SRO) in APC 2p and found to be syntenic to PEPB, while TGM1, CALM1, THBS1, ...
Byard R W - - 1996
Two cases of accidental asphyxia involving an 11.5 month old boy and a 3.5 month old boy who each died after being trapped between the elastic mesh side of their cots and the cot mattress are reported. In both cases the original cot mattress has either been replaced or augmented ...
Phillips B M - - 1996
The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome or cot death has decreased by 60 to 70% in the last 10 years. The largest decrease has been following the Back to sleep campaign in 1991. The epidemiology of cot death now emphasises its association with poverty and smoking in the home. ...
Byard R W - - 1996
Infants and young children are at risk of accidental asphyxia from unsafe sleeping environments Specific dangers include wedging/entrapment and positional asphyxia when infants slide into gaps between mattresses and cot sides or between beds and walls. Faulty cot construction may result in defects through which infants may fall and become ...
Mitchell E A - - 1996
AIMS: To investigate whether soft cot mattresses are a risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: A follow up postal questionnaire was sent to the subjects who were interviewed 3.8 years (range 2.2 to 5.2 years) previously as part of the New Zealand Cot Death Study, a ...
Skadberg B T - - 1995
Physical and geometrical conditions influencing carbon dioxide (CO2) accumulation near the face of a sleeping infant positioned deep in a cot or pram (open cot shaft) or underneath bedding (closed cot shaft) were investigated. By means of mathematical and data-based simulation, and an experimental rebreathing model, both hypothetical (dry, exhaled ...
Miller S A - - 1995
Confidential inquiries into cases of cot death in British Forces Germany were introduced in 1990. The information which has been collected so far suggests that the current attention to the position in which a baby is placed in a cot, the prevention of overheating and the avoidance of cigarette smoke, ...
Abedin Mehnur - - 1994
We would like to thank Dr Neuspiel for sharing his views on this complex issue. It may be his experience that the child welfare system in his jurisdiction is excessively punitive. However, in the District of Columbia that is not the case, sometimes to the surprise of health care professionals. ...
de Jonge G A - - 1993
Until the early 1970s the traditional sleeping position for Dutch infants was not prone. After a much publicised lecture in October 1987 on the possible relation between sleeping prone and cot death, the fairly new habit of placing infants prone is being replaced by more traditional positions. The decrease in ...
Bolton D P - - 1993
The reported association of cot death and sleeping prone could be due to rebreathing of expired gases. A mechanical model simulating the respiratory system of an infant, exhaling warm humidified air with an end tidal carbon dioxide of 5%, has been used to investigate this. Some commonly used bedding materials ...
Hanlidou E - - 1992
Volatile constituents of ACHILLEA GRANDIFOLIA Friv. growing wild in Greece were studied by means of GC and GC-EIMS. Sixty constituents were identified. The main components were camphor, alpha- and beta-thujone, and 1,8-cineole. Twenty-six constituents have not been previously reported in the essential oils of the genus Achillea.
Trad P V - - 1992
Previewing a developmental process derived from caregiver-infant interaction, may offer benefits for adult psychotherapy that are not provided by traditional techniques. The previewing process with infants takes place when the caregiver becomes aware of skills that the infant will soon develop and devises behavioral exercises that introduce the infant to ...
McGlashan N D - - 1991
Selenium is a naturally occurring trace element essential to the health of many mammal and avian species. Low levels of selenium are evidenced by a variety of symptoms, mainly in the cardiac and musculo-skeletal systems. Tasmania and South Island, New Zealand, both have low soil levels of selenium and high ...
Ryan E L - - 1991
A possible explanation for the cause of some cot deaths is examined by placing an appropriate cot death model on a cold wet sheet so that its "breath" is directed downwards across the sheet, thereby being cooled and becoming heavy enough to stay trapped in the hollow of the mattress. ...
Ding M - - 1990
The genetic variation in Zn-alpha 2-glycoprotein (ZAG) was investigated by polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing and immunoblotting. The samples comprised 590 Chinese from 2 localities (Shenyang: n = 390; Kaohsiung: n = 200) and 873 Koreans from 2 localities (Seoul: n = 523; Cheju: n = 350). The allele frequencies were: ...
Lean M E - - 1989
Brown adipose tissue was investigated in two cases of cot death in which core temperatures were above 40 degrees C on arrival at the mortuary. Evidence was obtained from mitochondrial (8-3H) guanosine diphosphate (GDP) binding and oxygen uptake of active thermogenesis with uncoupled mitochondrial respiration which was recoupled by GDP. ...
Yoshida T - - 1989
Camelliin B and nobotanin I, dimeric hydrolyzable tannins of a new class having macrocyclic structures, were isolated from Camellia japonica and Heterocentron roseum, respectively. Nobotanin G and H of the structures related to nobotanin I, were also obtained from H. roseum. Camelliin B and also woodfordin C, a macrocyclic dimer ...
Tonkin S L - - 1988
A home monitoring programme for infants, thought to be at high risk of cot death, has been conducted in Auckland for the past five years. It has included infants who have experienced an apnoea thought to have been a life-threatening event, infants of very low birth weight, and siblings of ...
Oudesluys-Murphy A M - - 1988
Little attention is paid to the cot in cot deaths. We report two cases of cot deaths which occurred in practically identical circumstances, with the infants lying face downwards in soft woven-type carrying baskets. The infants were probably unable to turn their heads to one side to maintain ventilation, due ...
Hamblin M R - - 1987
Syntheses of a metabolite of the second messenger myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, myo-inositol 1,4-bisphosphate, and an analogue, the 1,4-bisphosphorothioate, are reported, by using phosphite chemistry on (+/-)-1,2:4,5-di-isopropylidene-myo-inositol. The synthesis of (+/-)-1,2:4,5-di-isopropylidene 3,6-bis[di-(2-cyanoethyl)]phosphite provides an intermediate that can be oxidized to either the corresponding bisphosphate or bisphosphorothioate. myo-Inositol phosphorothioates are proposed as novel ...
Tyler J W - - 1986
The ammonia factor theory of infant death causation shows how the known, deadly properties of this respiratory poison, potentially present at every infant's cot, are compatible with the known causative relationships found with "cot-death syndrome" infants. It also predicted and demonstrated that a causal relationship existed between cot-death infants and ...
Tonkin S L - - 1986
The cot deaths occurring in Auckland New Zealand have been identified by one pathologist since 1970. The results have been analysed for age, season of occurrence, and race. Auckland cot deaths show a peak at two to three months of age and cluster in the winter months. Maoris have a ...
Emery J L - - 1986
A survey has been carried out of the pathology of cot deaths in Australia. Infection seems to play a bigger role in deaths in Melbourne than in some other areas such as Western Australia, but a smaller role than in the United Kingdom. The number of subclinical lesions that are ...
Davies D P - - 1985
Cot death is very rare in Hong Kong; this may be an important contributory factor to the low postneonatal mortality (3.1 per 1000). Over the 5 years 1980-84 only 15 cases of cot death were documented by forensic pathologists--an approximate incidence of 0.036 per 1000 live births. If the incidence ...
Sunderland R - - 1985
Agonal histories were traced for 1182 of 1782 postneonatal deaths in Sheffield between 1947 and 1979. Twenty eight per cent of these deaths were histologically inexplicable, 19% were from infections and 15% from malformations. These sudden infection and malformation deaths were explicable, yet by some definitions they would be considered ...
Hyser C L - - 1984
Baclofen is widely used in the treatment of spasticity of spinal origin. It is relatively free of side effects or toxic actions on the nervous system or other organs. Agitation, personality change, and auditory and visual hallucinations have been described following its abrupt withdrawal. One patient with generalized seizures and ...
Hirvonen J - - 1980
Of the fifty-seven cases of cot death studied two-thirds were younger than 3 months, which is also the peak age of infantile hypoglycaemia. Findings from routine necropsy and histology were scarce; in eleven cases they could be regarded as potentially fatal. About half of the infants had had a mild ...
Mensforth R P - - 1978
Abstract A model of analysis incorporating methodological improvements and epidemiological refinements has been employed to investigate the etiology of porotic hyperostosis and periosteal reactions in infants and children from the Libben Site, a Late Woodland ossuary and occupation site from Ottawa County, Ohio. Results of the age-specific intrapopulational analysis of ...
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