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Results 251 - 300 of 368
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Muensterer Oliver J - - 2011
A single-incision pediatric endosurgery (SIPES) has not been typically used for operations in premature infants yet. We report a case of a 3-month-old 25-week premature infant who underwent SIPES-assisted ileocecal resection for a stricture after medically treated necrotizing enterocolitis. The patient recovered uneventfully, and was discharged on full feeds 15 ...
Al-Hathlol Khalid - - 2011
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. For improved outcomes, preoperative stabilization is commonly practiced to control the PH in infants with CDH. Some CDH infants who have been considered stabilized and ready for surgery have nevertheless developed significant PH ...
Mittal Vinayak - - 2011
The objective of our study was to prospectively assess the role of abdominal sonography in the preoperative diagnosis of extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) in infants younger than 90 days. Sonography was performed in 99 infants younger than 90 days with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin > 3 mg/dL, conjugated bilirubin > ...
Stichel Heike - - 2011
Aim:  To assess whether the levels of inflammatory and anti-inflammatory proteins in gastric fluid of premature infants shortly after birth are associated with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods:  Gastric fluid retrieved within one hour of birth of premature infants (gestational age less than 29 weeks) was analyzed for ...
Elverson Cynthia Anderson - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to explore relationships between caregiver holding and feeding behaviors and the transitional newborn infant's cortisol response. Behaviors of 46 mothers, fathers, and their term transitional newborn infants were measured with the Index of Mother-Infant Separation (IMIS). Repeated measures of infant salivary cortisol were used ...
Obata-Yasuoka Mana - - 2011
We report a case of alveolar capillary dysplasia, wherein duodenal atresia was diagnosed during the third trimester. A 36-year-old mother was referred to our hospital for polyhydramnios at 31 weeks' gestation. Duodenal atresia was suspected from the ultrasonographic findings, which showed gastric dilation. Other findings noted were enlarged, highly echogenic lungs, ...
Aziz Seerat S Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, USA. - - 2011
Ultrasound (US) is used to identify causes of neonatal cholestasis. We describe a potential sonographic pitfall, the "pseudo gallbladder," in biliary atresia (BA). To describe the Pseudo Gallbladder sign (PsGB sign). Sonograms/clinical records of 20 confirmed BA infants and 20 non-BA cases were reviewed retrospectively. For the BA group, preoperative ...
We Ji Sun - - 2011
Aims:  Preterm birth is the most common cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Neonatal morbidity and mortality are known to decrease significantly after 34 weeks in preterm births following preterm labor, and after 32 weeks in preterm births following preterm rupture of the membranes. However, these outcomes may not apply to Korean ...
Flom Ross - - 2011
Between 12- and 14 months of age infants begin to use another's direction of gaze and affective expression in learning about various objects and events. What is not well understood is how long infants' behaviour towards a previously unfamiliar object continues to be influenced following their participation in circumstances of ...
Gunning Melanie D - - 2011
This study explores the use of emotional intelligence (El) as an explanatory factor in the relationship between attachment and mother-infant bonding and communication. With the long-term aim of synthesising these constructs into a useful tool to identify risk for mother-infant bonding and communication problems, the study utilised previously validated questionnaires. ...
Brewerton Timothy D - - 2012
Studies of birth patterns in anorexia nervosa have shown relative increases between March and August, while studies in Bulimia Nervosa (BN) have been negative. Since there are no studies using representative, nonclinical samples, we looked for seasonal birth patterns in women with BN and in those who ever endorsed bingeing ...
Sabir Hemmen - - 2011
Cerebellar hemorrhage is an underrecognized complication in the preterm neonate. It is multifactorial including combined maternal, intrapartum, and early postnatal factors. We present the case of 2 preterm brothers, 24 + 1 and 24 + 3 weeks of gestation, who both died because of cerebellar hemorrhage. We sought familial pathogenic ...
Romano Claudio - - 2011
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is defined as the passage of gastric contents into the esophagus. It occurs in healthy infants and can be considered physiological process. Uncomplicated GER can present with recurrent vomiting or regurgitation without any other symptoms and is usually managed by educating, reassuring, and guiding the parent without ...
Sijanović Sinisa - - 2011
A 43- year old woman, with ten previous deliveries and history of two cesarean sections was admitted to our Department at 32 weeks of gestation with massive vaginal hemorrhage from an ultrasound diagnosed placenta previa. An emergency cesarean section with vertical abdominal incision was performed. A healthy 2300 g female ...
Krishnan Lalitha - - 2011
A term baby with severe BO isoimmunization was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin. Shortly after the completion of the infusion, the baby developed clinical and radiological signs of necrotizing enterocolitis, with intestinal perforation and massive hemorrhagic ascites, resulting in the death of the baby.
Carlstedt Fredrik - - 2011
Objective markers of early airway inflammation in infants are not established but are of great interest in a scientific setting. Exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and urinary eosinophilic protein X (uEPX) are a two such interesting markers. To investigate the feasibility of measuring FeNO and uEPX in infants and their mothers ...
Demirel Nihal - - 2011
Adrenal hemorrhage is more common in neonates than in children or adults. The incidence of detected cases ranges from 1.7 to 2.1 per 1000 births. Because adrenal bleeding may remain asymptomatic, the real occurrence is probably higher. In this retrospective study, we evaluated epidemiologic properties, risk factors and clinical presentations ...
Lee Steven L - - 2011
This study evaluated the optimal timing for repair, incarceration risk, and postoperative apnea rate in premature infants with inguinal hernias. This was a retrospective review of premature infants undergoing inguinal hernia repairs from 2006 to 2008. One hundred seventy-two patients were identified. Mean gestational age was 30.7 weeks, and mean ...
Bishay Mark - - 2011
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TOF) can be repaired thoracoscopically, but this may cause hypercapnia, acidosis, and reduced cerebral oxygenation. We evaluated the effect of thoracoscopy in infants on cerebral oxygen saturation (cSO(2)), arterial blood gases, and carbon dioxide (CO(2)) absorption. Eight infants underwent thoracoscopy ...
Iye Masanori - - 2011
An overview on the current status of the census of the early Universe population is given. Observational surveys of high redshift objects provide direct opportunities to study the early epoch of the Universe. The target population included are Lyman Alpha Emitters (LAE), Lyman Break Galaxies (LBG), gravitationally lensed galaxies, quasars ...
Derrington Sabrina F - - 2011
Identifying ethically allowable options for infants with trisomy 18 has become more challenging as medical standards of practice shift, based on emerging scientific data and changing societal perceptions of disability. Lack of a stable professional standard of practice ought not prevent ethicists from facilitating a consensus; rather, these "unsettled cases" ...
Hama Rokuro - - 2011
Objective: To examine the epidemiological association between sudden deterioration leading to death and Tamiflu use. Design: Proportional mortality study. Setting: Japan. Participants: 162 deaths without deterioration before the first consultation among all 198 deaths of mostly confirmed 2009A/H1N1 influenza. Population at risk: Age-specific population of influenza patients prescribed Tamiflu and ...
Stettler Nicolas - - 2011
The main aspects of infant feeding that have been studied in humans in association with the subsequent development of adipose tissue include breastfeeding, rapid infancy weight gain, and weaning practices. While observational studies have consistently shown a protective effect of breastfeeding on the development of obesity, these studies may be ...
Hsieh Chia-Jung - - 2011
The Taiwan Birth Panel Study (TBPS) is a prospective follow-up study to investigate the development of child health and disease in relation to in-utero and/or early childhood environmental exposures. The rationale behind the establishment of such a cohort includes the magnitude of potential environmental exposures, the timing of exposure window, ...
Obu Ha - - 2011
Neonatal malaria was thought to be uncommon, even in malaria endemic areas. Neonates with febrile illness and / or related symptoms are often presumed to have neonatal septicaemia and examination of blood films for malaria parasites is rarely included in the initial work-up of these babies. To determine the existence, ...
Shorter Damon - - 2011
Uncorrected developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is associated with long term morbidity such as gait abnormalities, chronic pain and degenerative arthritis. To determine the effect of different screening programmes for DDH on the incidence of late presentation of congenital hip dislocation. Searches were performed in CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library), ...
Simmer Karen - - 2011
The n-3 and n-6 fatty acids linolenic acid and linoleic acid are precursors of the n-3 and n-6 long chain fatty acids (LCPUFA). Infant formula has historically only contained the precursor fatty acids. Over the last few years, some manufacturers have added LCPUFA to formulae and marketed them as providing ...
Ibrahim Hafis - - 2011
Systemic hypotension is a relatively common complication of preterm birth and is associated with periventricular haemorrhage, periventricular white matter injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Corticosteroid treatment has been used as an alternative or an adjunct to conventional treatment with volume expansion and vasopressor/inotropic therapy. To determine the effectiveness and safety ...
Dehdashti Hamid - - 2011
This study was conducted to provide sonographic measurements of the abdominal esophagus length in neonates and infants with and without gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and to investigate its diagnostic value. GERD severity was also evaluated and correlated with esophageal length. It is a prospective case-control study. This prospective case-control study ...
Karnsakul Wikrom - - 2010
Non-peptic, non-hypertrophic pyloric stenosis has rarely been reported in pediatric literature. Endoscopic pyloric balloon dilation has been shown to be a safe procedure in treating gastric outlet obstruction in older children and adults. Partial gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) was diagnosed in an infant by history and confirmed by an upper ...
Nickols Hilary Highfield - - 2010
Intramedullary spinal cord teratomas are rare entities in infants. Management of these lesions is primarily surgical, with outcome dependent on rapid surgical decompression and complete gross-total tumor resection. The lesions are typically of the mature type, with immature teratomas displaying unique pathological features. The authors report a case of an ...
Khan Zahid Anwar - - 2010
To determine the outcome of clinically suspected gastro esophageal reflux in neonates and infants. To find a protocol for evaluation of these patients in order to reduce unnecessary radiation to neonates and infants. Fifty three neonates and infants of up to 1 year of age with clinical suspicion of gastro ...
Hutcheon J A - - 2010
A recent report has suggested that delivery at early term ages may be associated with lower mortality among infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. We sought to confirm this finding by examining gestational age-specific mortality in the USA in term infants with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia, delivered following the spontaneous onset ...
Thompson Kym Spring - - 2010
Post-partum depression (PPD) presents a significant disruption to the mother-infant relationship. Such disruptions are associated with risks to the neurological, socio-emotional and cognitive functioning of the developing infant. A review of this literature supports the early detection of PPD and the application of comprehensive, psychotherapeutic interventions that target the functioning ...
Miraglia Roberto - - 2010
We report successful fluoroscopically guided balloon dilatation of an early postoperative stricture of a jejunoileal anastomosis in a 3-month-old infant who underwent serial transverse enteroplasty for type IIIb apple peel intestinal atresia.
Raisanen Peter - - 2010
Infants with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are subject to possible intrahepatic placement of the umbilical venous catheter (UVC) during catheterization. A left-sided CDH containing the left lobe of the liver is subject to repositioned anatomy of the umbilical vein, ductus venosus, and hepatic vasculature. This substantially increases the risk ...
Indrio Flavia - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011; 41 (4): 417-422 ABSTRACT: Background  Young infants are frequently affected by uncomplicated regurgitation that may persist despite dietetic and conservative interventions. On this basis, we studied the putative effects of probiotics on the frequency of regurgitation and gastric emptying time in infants with functional gastroesophageal ...
Okamura Toru - - 2011
The aortopulmonary window concomitant with an interrupted aortic arch is a rare occurrence. We successfully performed an emergency one-stage surgical repair of the aortopulmonary window (type 1) concomitant with an interrupted aortic arch (type A) in the case of a very low-birth-weight (1230-g) premature 2-day-old neonate. We describe the diagnosis, ...
Tripathy B B - - 2010
Gastric teratoma is a rare lesion seen most often in male infants. This patient, aged one year, female was having a massive benign gastric teratoma. The size of the tumour was 22 cm x 10 cm x 8 cm and weighted 2.250 kg making it one of the largest gastric ...
Hermoso Maria - - 2010
This paper presents a review of the current knowledge regarding the macro- and micronutrient requirements of infants and discusses issues related to these requirements during the first year of life. The paper also reviews the current reference values used in European countries and the methodological approaches used to derive them ...
Bacchini Pier Luigi - - 2010
We describe the case of an apparently healthy newborn infant who in 7th day of life showed an episode of haematemesis and in 13th day of life presented an episode of apparent life threatening event (ALTE). A fibroscopy of the upper digestive tract showed a great ulcer of the gastric ...
Horton Rachel E - - 2010
The aim of the current exploratory study was to examine the relationships between maternal relationship style, paediatric health care use and infant health variables in a sample of middle-class and ethnically diverse mother-infant dyads. An initial cross-sectional cohort study obtained demographic and self-report data on mothers' relationship styles. As an ...
Praud Jean-Paul - - 2010
Gastric reflux, and especially laryngopharyngeal reflux, occur several times a day in every infant. Most often, this does not pose any problem. However, in certain conditions, the contact between the refluxate and the upper airway mucosa can trigger several reflexes leading to cardiorespiratory inhibition. This is especially true for the ...
Lennartsson Freda - - 2011
The aim of the study is to test effectiveness of guidelines for nurses that can be incorporated into the child health care program to prevent nonsynostotic plagiocephaly (NSP) in infants while still following sudden infant death syndrome-preventive recommendations. When guidelines were followed as intended in a Swedish pilot study, only ...
Seo Juhee - - 2010
To determine the clinical manifestations and outcomes of patients with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and esophageal atresia (EA) born at a single neonatal intensive care unit. A retrospective analysis was conducted for 97 patients with confirmed TEF and EA who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between 1990 and ...
Nocera Antony - - 2010
The death of a previously well 13-month-old infant approximately 5 h after his mother contacted the Queensland Nurse led telephone triage call centre '13Health' for advice is the first Australian casualty of telephone triage. Experience from this case and another 'near miss' incident Australia highlight the potential of this model ...
Lucassen Peter - - 2010
Colic in infants causes one in six families (17%) with children to consult a health professional. One systematic review of 15 community-based studies found a wide variation in prevalence, which depended on study design and method of recording. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer ...
Peng Li - - 2010
Congenital cataract is the leading cause for children's blindness in most countries. Approximately one third of all the causes of Congenital cataract are familial and autosomal dominant blindness infants. The etiology of congen ital cataract is heterogenous. With the development of molecular biology techniques, researches on the mechanism of congenital ...
Epstein Joyce - - 2009
This paper reports on findings from a survey of awareness and credibility of risk factors for sudden infant death and adherence to infant care advice, conducted with 506 mothers of children aged from six months to three years in England in 2007. The survey confirmed that many parents failed to ...
Glocker Melanie L - - 2009
Ethologist Konrad Lorenz proposed that baby schema ('Kindchenschema') is a set of infantile physical features such as the large head, round face and big eyes that is perceived as cute and motivates caretaking behavior in other individuals, with the evolutionary function of enhancing offspring survival. Previous work on this fundamental ...
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