Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 371
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >
Saby Joni N - - 2012
Research employing electroencephalographic (EEG) techniques with infants and young children has flourished in recent years due to increased interest in understanding the neural processes involved in early social and cognitive development. This review focuses on the functional characteristics of the alpha, theta, and gamma frequency bands in the developing EEG. ...
Kabakyenga Jerome K - - 2012
Assistance by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) during childbirth is one of the strategies aimed at reducing maternal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries. However, the relationship between birth preparedness and decision-making on location of birth and assistance by skilled birth attendants in this context is not well studied. The aim ...
Okwundu Charles I - - 2012
Low birth weight and premature infants are at major risk for exaggerated hyperbilirubinaemia and jaundice that can lead to bilirubin encephalopathy. Phototherapy is the most common treatment for neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia and could be most effective in preventing the sequelae of hyperbilirubinaemia if initiated prophylactically. To evaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Maas A Janneke B M - - 2012
While the importance of the infant-parent relationship from the child's perspective is acknowledged worldwide, there is still a lack of knowledge about predictors and long-term benefits or consequences of the quality of parent-infant relationships from the parent's perspective. The purpose of this prospective study is to investigate the quality of ...
Adegbehingbe Stella M - - 2012
The rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, occurring during pregnancy, delivery/labour and breastfeeding, still remains high in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The World Health Organization recommends HIV infected mothers exclusively breastfeed their infants, unless replacement feeding is Acceptable, Feasible, Affordable, Sustainable and Safe (AFASS). Health care workers are responsible for providing ...
Tierney Adrienne L - - 2012
Current research suggests that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by asynchronous neural oscillations. However, it is unclear whether changes in neural oscillations represent an index of the disorder or are shared more broadly among both affected and unaffected family members. Additionally, it remains unclear how early these differences emerge ...
Aborigo Raymond Akawire - - 2012
Good nutrition is essential for increasing survival rates of infants. This study explored infant feeding practices in a resource-poor setting and assessed implications for future interventions focused on improving newborn health. The study took place in the Kassena-Nankana District of the Upper East Region of northern Ghana. In-depth interviews were ...
Johnson William - - 2012
The new growth charts in the UK, the UK-WHO charts, comprise prescriptive data from the WHO standard between two weeks and four years of age. Little is known about the development of obesity risk in normal UK infants, who are necessarily not fed according to the WHO recommendations and do ...
Ibekwe Roland C - - 2012
Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates in Nigeria and exchange blood transfusion (EBT) is a common modality of its treatment in Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital (EBSUTH), Abakaliki. This communication aims to audit this service. A 3-year retrospective review of the case files ...
Nandan Devki D Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER, Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2012
Pulmonary agenesis, defined as complete absence of bronchus, parenchyma, and vessels is a very rare condition. Herein, we report a 4-month-old infant who presented with fever, cough, and respiratory distress and was misdiagnosed in a peripheral hospital as a case of pneumonia. The child was, later diagnosed as having right ...
- - 2012
The primary aim of this study is to assess, using individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis, the effects of administration of antenatal magnesium sulphate given to women at risk of preterm birth on important clinical outcomes for their child such as death and neurosensory disability. The secondary aim is to determine ...
Darlow Brian A - - 2013
The publication of the BEAT-ROP study of bevacizumab (Avastin) treatment for Zone I and II retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has raised hopes that there might now be a simpler, cheaper and more effective treatment than laser therapy, the current standard of care. However, we would urge caution at this point ...
Hermoso Maria - - 2011
A systematic review was conducted to summarize the evidence currently available from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning the effect of iron intake of infants, children and adolescents on measures of cognitive development and function. The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and Embase were searched up to and including February 2010. Studies were ...
Sohn Min - - 2011
Assessment of primitive reflexes is one of the earliest, simplest, and most frequently used assessment tools among health care providers for newborns and young infants. However, very few data exist for high-risk infants in this topic. Among the various primitive reflexes, this study was undertaken particularly to describe the sucking, ...
Franchak John M - - 2011
Despite hundreds of studies describing infants' visual exploration of experimental stimuli, researchers know little about where infants look during everyday interactions. The current study describes the first method for studying visual behavior during natural interactions in mobile infants. Six 14-month-old infants wore a head-mounted eye-tracker that recorded gaze during free ...
Koutra Katerina - - 2011
Studies on determinants affecting child development are still limited in Greece. The aim of the present study was to describe the socio-demographic characteristics associated with neurodevelopment in infants aged 18 months in the Mother-Child Cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. A total of 599 (72.9%) mothers agreed to participate in ...
Korja Riikka - - 2011
Objective. Early mother-infant relationships in preterm populations were evaluated in the context of a systematic review of the literature. Design and setting. A systematic search of three electronic databases (PsychINFO, PubMed and Cochrane Library) was undertaken. Three studies of maternal attachment, eighteen studies of mother-preterm infant interaction and eight studies ...
Lantos John D - - 2011
We review three decades of unsuccessful efforts by public policy-makers in the United States to develop programs to lower the rate of preterm birth. We analyze why these efforts had been unsuccessful. Finally, we will speculate about whether something has changed in the last few years that might finally bend ...
Tooke Lloyd J LJ Neonatal Department, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town. - - 2011
To determine the need for resuscitation at the birth of babies delivered by elective caesarean section (CS) and to record the time spent by doctors attending such deliveries. Data were collected prospectively on all elective CSs performed at Groote Schuur Hospital over a 3-month period. Data collected included: total time ...
Nelson Eliza L EL Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. - - 2012
Kinematic studies of reaching in human infants using two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) recordings have complemented behavioral studies of infant handedness by providing additional evidence of early right asymmetries. Right hand reaches have been reported to be straighter and smoother than left hand reaches during the first year. Although reaching ...
Edmondson Natalie E - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The vast majority of infants in published studies regarding laryngomalacia are Caucasian. These studies suggest affected infants are likely to be male, of term pregnancies, and not of low birth weight. Our study seeks to identify possible associations among different genders and ethnicities with laryngomalacia as well as differences ...
Rakoczy Hannes - - 2012
The central question debated in current research on infant social cognition is 'do infants have a theory of mind?' It is argued here that this question is understood and treated in radically different ways by different participants of the debate arguing either for (e.g., Onishi & Baillargeon, 2005) or against ...
Strehle Eugen-Matthias - - 2011
Aim:  To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of home monitoring devices in the prevention of sudden infant death syndrome. Methods:  Systematic literature review to 30th June 2010. Results:  Eleven unique studies were identified. Only 1 of these studies involved a comparison of home monitoring with a control ...
Kavšek Michael - - 2011
This paper reviews habituation-dishabituation and preferential-looking studies on the emergence of sensitivity to pictorial depth cues in infancy. This research can be subdivided into two groups. While one group of studies has established responsiveness to pictorial depth cues at 3-5 months of age, the other has found that the ability ...
Tuten Holly C - - 2011
In September 2008, two ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta), comprising a mother-daughter pair, at the Greenville Zoo, Greenville, South Carolina, USA, were diagnosed with cuterebrid myiasis (Diptera: Oestridae) subsequent to sudden death of the adult lemur. On necropsy, a single bot warble was discovered in the subcutis of the axillary region. ...
Nutalapati Rajasekhar R Department of Periodontics, Mamata Dental College, Giriprasadnagar, Khammam, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2011
Preterm low-birth-weight (PLBW) infants are at a higher risk for a number of acute and chronic disorders. Studies point to an association between periodontal infection and increased rates of preterm birth, and pregnant mothers with periodontal diseases are at increased risk of subsequent preterm birth or low birth weight. However, ...
Paulmichl Katharina - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: We set out to investigate the major obstacles in achieving a sensitive and supportive communication between parents and clinicians in ethical dilemma situations. We focused on discussions in emergency situations by means of values clarification. Methods: The study population (n=141) covers four samples of clinical staff (n(1)=72) from ...
Vennemann Mechtild M - - 2012
To conduct a meta-analysis on the relationship between bed sharing and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk. Data from PubMed and Medline were searched for studies published after Jan 1, 1970. The search strategy included articles with the terms "sudden infant death syndrome," "sudden unexpected death," and "cot death" with ...
Demauro Sara B - - 2011
Objectives: To perform a systematic review of the quality of reporting for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with infants and neonates that were published in high-impact journals and to identify RCT characteristics associated with quality of reporting. Methods: RCTs that enrolled infants younger than 12 months and were published in 2005-2009 ...
Upadhyay R P RP Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2012
To identify the determinants of neonatal mortality. Nested case-control study. 28 villages under the intensive field practice area of Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project, Ballabgarh, Haryana serving a population of 87,016, as on 31st December 2009. The study period was from 2005 to 2009. The data were obtained from Health ...
McGrath-Morrow Sharon A SA Eudowood Division of Pediatric Respiratory Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287-2533, USA. - - 2012
To determine the utility of overnight polysomnography (PSG) in assessing pulmonary reserve in stable preterm children with chronic lung disease (CLD). A retrospective review and descriptive study of overnight PSGs and clinic visits of preterm infants/children less than 3 years of age who were diagnosed with bronchopulmonary dysplasia at discharge ...
Powers Nancy G - - 2011
As a result of the unexpected delays experienced in a study designed to investigate mother-infant interactions and infant cry patterns in the first 2 hours following delivery, the study was assessed to identify the barriers that the investigators had encountered in its planning and conduct. These barriers can be categorized ...
Al Ghwass Mohamed M E - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life and to identify factors that interfere with this practice in the study area. A retrograde cross-sectional study included 1,059 mothers who attended the rural health unit to immunize their young children (6-24 months ...
Pal A - - 2011
This cross sectional record based institutional study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan over ten years (1999-2008) aiming analysis of eclamptic mothers for evaluation of maternal and perinatal outcome with different anticonvulsant medications. Total 5991 pregnant mothers with eclampsia admitted in the inpatient ...
Craig Pippa L - - 2011
The Gudaga Study is a prospective, longitudinal birth cohort study of Australian urban Aboriginal children. Mothers of Aboriginal infants were recruited using a survey of all mothers admitted to the maternity ward of an outer urban hospital in Sydney. These data established initiation rates among Gudaga infants and those of ...
Februhartanty Judhiastuty - - 2011
Abstract Exclusive breastfeeding practice is generally low because of multifaceted factors internally within mothers themselves and also the surroundings. In addition, studies have consistently found that maternal employment outside the home is related to shorter duration of exclusive breastfeeding. With all these challenges, it is interesting that there are some ...
Teune Margreet J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Late-preterm infants (34 weeks 0/7 days-36 weeks 6/7 days' gestation) represent the largest proportion of singleton preterm births. A systematic review was performed to access the short- and/or long-term morbidity of late-preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic search was conducted for cohort studies published from January 2000 through July ...
San Juan Valerie - - 2012
Recent advancements in the field of infant false-belief reasoning have brought into question whether performance on implicit and explicit measures of false belief is driven by the same level of representational understanding. The success of infants on implicit measures has also raised doubt over the role that language development plays ...
Han Daikwon - - 2011
PURPOSE: We conducted a study comparing the location of addresses recorded on birth certificates with self-reported birth addresses provided by adults who were participants in the Western New York Exposure and Breast Cancer (WEB) Study. We also evaluated whether birth certificate residence data may be used to reconstruct missing self-reported ...
Samra Haifa A - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate existing evidence on long-term developmental outcomes of late-preterm infants (LPI; infants born 34-36 6/7 weeks gestation). Data Sources: Computerized bibliographic databases and hand search for English language articles published between January 1995 and November 2010 yielded 817 articles. Study Selection: Twelve studies (10 cohort and two cross-sectional) ...
Goodman Michael - - 2011
We examined prospective cohort studies evaluating the relation between prenatal and neonatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and neurodevelopment in children to assess the feasibility of conducting a meta-analysis to support decision making. We described studies in terms of exposure and end point categorization, statistical analysis, and reporting of results. ...
Darsaklis Vasiliki - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this systematic review was to examine the evidence for the predictive validity of Prechtl's Method on the Qualitative Assessment of General Movements (GMsA) with respect to neurodevelopmental outcomes. Method  Six electronic databases (PsychINFO, Embase, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, PubMed, and AMED) were searched using the following ...
Surian Luca - - 2012
Prior research on implicit mind-reading skills has focussed on how infants anticipate other persons' actions. This study investigated whether 11- and 17-month-olds spontaneously attribute false beliefs (FB) even to a simple animated geometric shape. Infants were shown a triangle chasing a disk through a tunnel. Using an eye-tracker, we found ...
Puri Vinay - - 2011
Data from 2 studies (phase 1 and phase 3) in infants <2 years old (N = 284; mean [SD] age, 12[6.3] months) with refractory partial-onset seizures were pooled to assess the long-term safety up to 1 year (primary objective) and tolerability of adjunctive topiramate treatment (mean treatment duration = 282 ...
Vrins Sven - - 2011
In this study, we examined 4.5-month-old infants' visual completion of self-occluding three-dimensional objects. A previous study on this topic reported that 6-month-old, but not 4-month-old infants extrapolate a convex, symmetric prism from a limited view of its surfaces (Soska & Johnson, 2008). As of yet, studies on the development of ...
Lehtonen Liisa - - 2011
This article summarizes the main findings of the preterm infant sub-study of the Performance, Effectiveness and Costs of Treatment episodes (PERFECT) study. We studied effects of birth hospital level and time of birth on mortality and morbidity and cost-effectiveness of care of very low gestational age (VLGA)/very low birth weight ...
McGowan Jennifer E - - 2011
Context: Late-preterm infants (LPIs) born at 34 to 36 weeks' gestation are increasingly regarded as being at risk for adverse developmental outcomes. To date, the early childhood development of LPIs has not been systematically considered. Objective: To undertake a broad examination of literature relating to early childhood development at the ...
De Stavola Bianca L - - 2011
Sizes at birth of parents and their children are known to be correlated, reflecting in part the influence of fetal and maternal genes. Sociodemographic factors, regarded as aspects of the shared environment across generations, would also be expected to contribute, but evidence is limited. In the present study, the authors ...
Hundley Vanora A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: to identify the current state of knowledge regarding the effects of births kits on clean birth practices and on newborn and maternal outcomes. DESIGN: the scoping review was informed through a systematic literature review; a call for information distributed to experts in maternal and child health, relevant research centres ...
Tran Christine N - - 2011
An infant born at 38-weeks' gestation presented with ambiguous genitalia. Cytogenetic evaluation revealed an uncommon 45,X/46,X,idic(Y) mosaic karyotype. Pelvic ultrasonography, genitogram, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a long common urogenital sinus, vagina, cervix, unicornuate uterus, phallus, and bilateral intra-abdominal gonads resembling testes. The parents chose a male sex of rearing, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >