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Salomonsson Björn - - 2012
Classical psychoanalytic theory draws many concepts from mental processes that are assumed to arise in the infant and influence the adult mind. Still, psychoanalytic practice with mothers and infants has been integrated but little within general psychoanalytic theory. One reason is that only few analysts have utilized such practice to ...
Jain Vandana - - 2012
Catch-up growth in the first few months of life is seen almost ubiquitously in infants born small for their gestational age and conventionally considered highly desirable as it erases the growth deficit. However, recently such growth has been linked to an increased risk of later adiposity, insulin resistance and cardiovascular ...
Goodman Karen - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The recent Surgeon General's Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding reinforces the important role breastfeeding has in the health of mothers and babies. It identifies the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative as a strategy that encompasses practices that result in better breastfeeding outcomes. Currently there are approximately 20,000 Baby-Friendly hospitals worldwide; ...
Franchak John M - - 2012
What infants decide to do does not necessarily reflect the extent of what they know. In the current study, 17-month-olds were encouraged to walk through openings of varying width under risk of entrapment. Infants erred by squeezing into openings that were too small and became stuck, suggesting that they did ...
Uzun Alper - - 2012
A vast body of literature has suggested genetic programming of preterm birth. However, there is a complete lack of an organized analysis and stratification of genetic variants that may indeed be involved in the pathogenesis of preterm birth. We developed a novel bioinformatics approach to identify the nominal genetic variants ...
Johnson William - - 2012
Background: The WHO 2006 child growth standard is advocated in India, although the conformity of the growth of Indian infants to the WHO standard has only been assessed at cross-sectional points. Aim: To assess the implications of using the WHO standard in rural India and to investigate the factors responsible ...
Young Jeanine - - 2012
Abundant evidence recognises breastfeeding as being associated with significant short and long-term health benefits for both infant and mother. Until recently, the role of breastfeeding as an independent factor in reducing risk for sudden unexpected infant death remained unclear. In October 2010, SIDS and Kids Australia held a consensus forum ...
Robinson Shenandoah S Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Neurological Institute, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2012
Preterm infants are at risk for perinatal complications, including germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and subsequent posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH). This review summarizes the current understanding of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, management, and outcomes of IVH and PHH in preterm infants. The MEDLINE database was systematically searched using terms related to IVH, PHH, ...
Thompson Amanda L - - 2012
Pediatric overweight and obesity are growing problems worldwide, with increasing prevalence among even infants and young children. The refractory nature of early overweight necessitates identifying the factors contributing to early excess weight gain for successful intervention. Early feeding practices may be particularly important in shaping long-term vulnerability to obesity. How ...
Obladen Michael - - 2012
Intentional modification of the infant's head has been commonly practiced at all times and in virtually every region of the inhabited world. Motives included aesthetic perception of the human head, greater attractiveness, symbolization of ethnic identity, demonstration of noble origin or sociocultural status, and supposed health benefits. The desired shape ...
Bremner J Gavin - - 2012
Young infants perceive an object's trajectory as continuous across occlusion provided the temporal or spatial gap in perception is small. In 3 experiments involving 72 participants the authors investigated the effects of different forms of auditory information on 4-month-olds' perception of trajectory continuity. Provision of dynamic auditory information about the ...
Petrou Stavros - - 2012
Despite constituting the vast majority of preterm births, relatively little is known about the clinical and economic outcomes of children born either moderately or late preterm. This paper outlines the economic consequences of moderate and late preterm birth for the health services, for other sectors of the economy, for families ...
Whyte Robin K - - 2012
Late and moderate preterm infants form the majority of admissions for prematurity to special care neonatal nurseries. Although at risk for acute disorders of prematurity, they do not suffer the serious long term risks and chronic illnesses of the extremely premature. The special challenges addressed here are of transition and ...
Liszkowski Ulf - - 2012
Several cognitive accounts of human communication argue for a language-independent, prelinguistic basis of human communication and language. The current study provides evidence for the universality of a prelinguistic gestural basis for human communication. We used a standardized, semi-natural elicitation procedure in seven very different cultures around the world to test ...
Deluca Jane M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Internet searches on health topics are common, but not enough is known about online use during serious health concerns. The aim of this study was to investigate parents' internet use and responses to online information following the referral of their newborn screen-positive infants. METHODS: Forty-four parents were interviewed about ...
Licciardi Paul V - - 2012
Infections with Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) are a cause of significant child mortality. Pneumococcal glycoconjugate vaccines are expensive and provide limited serotype coverage. The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (Pneumovax) might provide wider serotype coverage but is reported to be weakly immunogenic in children less than 2 years of age. We have ...
Fowden A L - - 2012
In adapting to life ex utero, the foal encounters a number of physiological challenges. It has to assume the nutritional, respiratory and excretory functions of the placenta and activate full regulatory control over its own internal environment for the first time. To achieve this, there must be structural and functional ...
Usluer Hale - - 2012
Background: Although the effects of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) have been documented in infants, the associations among the value of maternal and cord blood total homocysteine (Hcy) levels, cord blood cTnI and the score for neonatal acute physiology and perinatal extension II (SNAPPE-II) values in infants have not been documented. ...
Fowden A L - - 2012
In adapting to life ex utero, the foal encounters a number of physiological challenges. It has to assume the nutritional, respiratory and excretory functions of the placenta and activate full regulatory control over its own internal environment for the first time. To achieve this, there must be structural and functional ...
De Bruin L C - - 2012
The elicited-response false belief task has traditionally been considered as reliably indicating that children acquire an understanding of false belief around 4years of age. However, recent investigations using spontaneous-response tasks suggest that false belief understanding emerges much earlier. This leads to a developmental paradox: if young infants already understand false ...
Worley A - - 2012
A non-invasive integrated method was developed to measure neural and behavioural responses to peripheral sensory and noxious stimulation in human infants. The introduction of a novel event-detection interface allows synchronous recording of: (i) muscle and central nervous system activity with surface electromyography (EMG), scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS); ...
Wilches-Gutiérrez José L - - 2012
Several studies have reported increased mortality during holidays. Using a cultural epidemiological, sequential mixed-methods approach, this study explored holiday-related trends using mortality data from Yautepec (Morelos, Mexico) collected between 1986 and 2008 (N=5027 deaths). This analysis found that mortality increased on Christmas Day and All Saints' Day. Mortality increased on ...
Mahoney Liam - - 2012
Aim: The authors of this review present the current evidence of the physiology, indications and use of adrenaline in neonates, with particular focus on the treatment of hypotension. Method: A structured literature search was performed across selected electronic databases, reference lists and related articles. Abstracts arising from the search were ...
Kiatchoosakun Pakaphan - - 2012
To determine incidence and risk factors associated with hearing loss in high-risk neonates in Srinagarind Hospital. Prospective cohort study. High-risk neonates were screened with TEOAE/AABR. All infants were followed for hearing and developmental evaluation until one year of age. Four hundred twenty five neonates underwent hearing screening tests. Nine infants ...
Lima Flavia - - 2012
This text presents a discussion on the process of developing interactive products focused on infant behavior, which result was an interactive game for encouraging infant feeding. For that, it describes the use of cognitive psychology concepts added to interaction design methodology. Through this project, this article sustains how the cooperative ...
Nibhanipudi Kumara - - 2012
This is a 3-month-old infant with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis presenting with projectile vomiting and no fever and no abdominal pain.
Trabalon Marie - - 2012
Mammalian, including human, neonates are considered to be obligate nose breathers. When constrained to breathe through their mouth in response to obstructed or closed nasal passages, the effects are pervasive and profound, and sometimes last into adulthood. The present paper briefly surveys neonates' and infants' responses to this atypical mobilisation ...
Sullivan Margaret W - - 2012
Infants and their mothers participated in a longitudinal study of the sequelae of infant goal blockage responses. Four-month-old infants participated in a standard contingency learning/goal blockage procedure during which anger and sad facial expressions to the blockage were coded. When infants were 12- and 20- months-old, mothers completed a questionnaire ...
Lee Esther S - - 2012
Vertically oval-shaped corneas are an uncommon ophthalmic finding. The normal human cornea has an oval shape, but is wider in the horizontal dimension. The etiology of vertically oval corneas is unclear. This report presents a case of bilateral vertical oval corneas in a male infant with semilobar holoprosencephaly.
Djilas-Ivanovic Dragana - - 2012
Bloody nipple discharge is an uncommon finding in the pediatric population, without clear diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines established. We noted a case of a 3-month-old male infant who presented with bilateral blood-stained nipple discharge, with unremarkable medical history. Sonographic findings revealed bilaterally dilated ducts and cysts with mixed iso- and ...
Myowa-Yamakoshi Masako - - 2012
Humans comprehend the actions of others by making inferences about intentional mental states of another. However, little is known about how this capacity develops and whether this is shared with other animals. Here we show the ontogenetic and evolutionary foundations of this ability by comparing the eye movements of 8- ...
Sullivan Mary C - - 2012
Nurses caring for high-risk infants use advanced assessment skills to identify the nature of infant instability and to assure timely intervention. The NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) is a comprehensive assessment of neurological integrity and behavioral function of infants at risk. Research evidence supports its validity and reliability for clinical ...
Fouts Hillary N - - 2012
Anthropologists have long recognized that breastfeeding involves much more than feeding; it entails intimate social interactions between infants or children and their mothers. However, breastfeeding has predominantly been studied with respect to structural features (frequency, timing) as well as nutritional and health aspects of infant feeding. Thus, in this study ...
Weightman Alison L - - 2012
To determine the association between area and individual measures of social disadvantage and infant health in the UK. Systematic review and meta-analyses. 26 databases and websites, reference lists, experts in the field and hand-searching. 36 prospective and retrospective observational studies with socioeconomic data and health outcomes for infants in the ...
Ballantyne Marilyn - - 2012
Neonatal follow-up (NFU) programs provide health services for infants at high risk for developmental problems after they transition home from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The purpose of the study was to assess current patterns of NFU attendance and explore time points when mothers and infants withdrew from NFU ...
Lönnerdal Bo - - 2012
Infant formulas are the sole or predominant source of nutrition for many infants and are fed during a sensitive period of development and may therefore have short- and long-term consequences for infant health. Preclinical safety assessment therefore needs to include both short-term and long-term studies in animals. It is recommended ...
Guiraud Jeanne A - - 2012
The language difficulties often seen in individuals with autism might stem from an inability to integrate audiovisual information, a skill important for language development. We investigated whether 9-month-old siblings of older children with autism, who are at an increased risk of developing autism, are able to integrate audiovisual speech cues. ...
Schwartz Scott - - 2012
Gut microbiota and the host exist in a mutualistic relationship, with the functional composition of the microbiota strongly affecting the health and well-being of the host. Thus, it is important to develop a synthetic approach to study the host transcriptome and the microbiome simultaneously. Early microbial colonization in infants is ...
Mauch Chelsea E - - 2012
The use of pacifiers is commonplace in Australia and has been shown to be negatively associated with breastfeeding duration. In order to influence behaviour related to the use of pacifiers it is important to understand the reasons for their use. The primary aim of this observational study was to investigate ...
Beisert Miriam - - 2012
In their widely noticed study, Gergely, Bekkering, and Király (2002) showed that 14-month-old infants imitated an unusual action only if the model freely chose to perform this action and not if the choice of the action could be ascribed to external constraints. They attributed this kind of selective imitation to ...
Saby Joni N - - 2012
Research employing electroencephalographic (EEG) techniques with infants and young children has flourished in recent years due to increased interest in understanding the neural processes involved in early social and cognitive development. This review focuses on the functional characteristics of the alpha, theta, and gamma frequency bands in the developing EEG. ...
Kabakyenga Jerome K - - 2012
Assistance by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) during childbirth is one of the strategies aimed at reducing maternal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries. However, the relationship between birth preparedness and decision-making on location of birth and assistance by skilled birth attendants in this context is not well studied. The aim ...
Okwundu Charles I - - 2012
Low birth weight and premature infants are at major risk for exaggerated hyperbilirubinaemia and jaundice that can lead to bilirubin encephalopathy. Phototherapy is the most common treatment for neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia and could be most effective in preventing the sequelae of hyperbilirubinaemia if initiated prophylactically. To evaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Maas A Janneke B M - - 2012
While the importance of the infant-parent relationship from the child's perspective is acknowledged worldwide, there is still a lack of knowledge about predictors and long-term benefits or consequences of the quality of parent-infant relationships from the parent's perspective. The purpose of this prospective study is to investigate the quality of ...
Adegbehingbe Stella M - - 2012
The rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, occurring during pregnancy, delivery/labour and breastfeeding, still remains high in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The World Health Organization recommends HIV infected mothers exclusively breastfeed their infants, unless replacement feeding is Acceptable, Feasible, Affordable, Sustainable and Safe (AFASS). Health care workers are responsible for providing ...
Tierney Adrienne L - - 2012
Current research suggests that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by asynchronous neural oscillations. However, it is unclear whether changes in neural oscillations represent an index of the disorder or are shared more broadly among both affected and unaffected family members. Additionally, it remains unclear how early these differences emerge ...
Aborigo Raymond Akawire - - 2012
Good nutrition is essential for increasing survival rates of infants. This study explored infant feeding practices in a resource-poor setting and assessed implications for future interventions focused on improving newborn health. The study took place in the Kassena-Nankana District of the Upper East Region of northern Ghana. In-depth interviews were ...
Johnson William - - 2012
The new growth charts in the UK, the UK-WHO charts, comprise prescriptive data from the WHO standard between two weeks and four years of age. Little is known about the development of obesity risk in normal UK infants, who are necessarily not fed according to the WHO recommendations and do ...
Ibekwe Roland C - - 2012
Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates in Nigeria and exchange blood transfusion (EBT) is a common modality of its treatment in Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital (EBSUTH), Abakaliki. This communication aims to audit this service. A 3-year retrospective review of the case files ...
Nandan Devki D Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER, Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2012
Pulmonary agenesis, defined as complete absence of bronchus, parenchyma, and vessels is a very rare condition. Herein, we report a 4-month-old infant who presented with fever, cough, and respiratory distress and was misdiagnosed in a peripheral hospital as a case of pneumonia. The child was, later diagnosed as having right ...
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