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Results 101 - 150 of 367
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Kaunonen Marja - - 2012
The objective of this systematic review was to describe peer support interventions supporting breastfeeding during pregnancy and the postnatal period. Breastfeeding is an effective way to promote infants' health. Including a peer support element in breastfeeding programmes is a highly successful way to increase breastfeeding. A systematic literature review. The ...
Nelson Antonia M - - 2012
The purpose of this metasynthesis was to synthesize the findings of qualitative research studies related to infant feeding decision making and contribute to an increased understanding of this phenomenon. Noblit and Hare's (1988) metaethnographic, comparative method of synthesizing qualitative studies was utilized. Computerized searches were conducted using the CINAHL, MEDLINE, ...
Fallon Erica M - - 2012
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most devastating diseases in the neonatal population, with extremely low birth weight and extremely preterm infants at greatest risk. A systematic review of the best available evidence to answer a series of questions regarding nutrition support of neonates at risk of NEC was ...
Redsell Sarah A - - 2012
Childhood obesity is associated with a number of modifiable risk factors that can be identified during infancy or earlier. In the UK, health visitors advise parents about infant feeding, but little is known about their role in obesity prevention. The aim of this study was to investigate the beliefs and ...
Martines Francesco - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) on infant at risk and to classify the degree and type of hearing loss describing the main causes associated in Western Sicily. To compare single TEOAE and combined TEOAE/ABR techniques studying the referral rate, the false-positive and false-negative rates through ...
Bromer Cailey - - 2012
The intrauterine environment can impact the developing infant by altering the function of the placenta through changes to the epigenetic regulatory features of this tissue. Genetic variation, too, may impact infant development or may modify the relationship between epigenetic alterations and infant outcomes. To examine the associations of these variations ...
Trickey Heather - - 2012
Three important infant feeding support problems are addressed: (1) mothers who use formula milk can feel undersupported and judged; (2) mothers can feel underprepared for problems with breastfeeding; and (3) many mothers who might benefit from breastfeeding support do not access help. Theory of constraints (TOC) is used to examine ...
Matsuda Yoshi-Taka - - 2012
The 'uncanny valley' response is a phenomenon involving the elicitation of a negative feeling and subsequent avoidant behaviour in human adults and infants as a result of viewing very realistic human-like robots or computer avatars. It is hypothesized that this uncanny feeling occurs because the realistic synthetic characters elicit the ...
Nabiwemba E - - 2012
Background  Low birthweight and prematurity are risk factors for neonatal mortality. Identifying low birthweight and premature babies at birth and giving them appropriate care could increase their chances of survival. This study aimed at assessing the use of foot length as a surrogate for low birthweight and prematurity, and recommending ...
Darnall Robert A RA Department of Pediatrics, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, 1 Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, United States. - - 2013
Arousal from sleep is a major defense mechanism in infants against hypoxia and/or hypercapnia. Arousal failure may be an important contributor to SIDS. Areas of the brainstem that have been found to be abnormal in a majority of SIDS infants are involved in the arousal process. Arousal is sleep state ...
Kim Sanghag - - 2012
This study examined infants' negative emotionality as moderating the effect of parent-child mutually responsive orientation (MRO) on children's self-regulation (n=102). Negative emotionality was observed in anger-eliciting episodes and in interactions with parents at 7 months. MRO was coded in naturalistic interactions at 15 months. Self-regulation was measured at 25 months ...
Bailey Shana D - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the type and quality of information on infantile colic that a parent might access on the World Wide Web. METHODS: Two checklists were used to evaluate the quality indicators of 24 Web sites and the colic-specific content. RESULTS: Fifteen ...
Konopka Tomasz - - 2012
Periodontitis and prematurity are social diseases with common risk factors. In 1996 periodontitis was proven to be a possible significant and independent risk factor of preterm birth of newborns with low body weight. Numerous studies on the influence of periodontitis on the time of birth and/or birth weight of newborns ...
Yeh P - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Yeh P, Emary K, Impey L. The relationship between umbilical cord arterial pH and serious adverse neonatal outcome: analysis of 51 519 consecutive validated samples. BJOG 2012;119:824-831. Objective  To examine the relationship between umbilical cord pH at term and serious neonatal outcomes. Design  Observational cohort study. ...
Arterberry Martha E - - 2012
In studies of infant categorization (especially sequential touching), replicas of real objects are often utilized on the assumption that infants treat replicas as they do reals. Do infants categorize replicas of objects in the same way as they categorize real objects? This question was addressed in a sequential touching task, ...
Hutman Ted - - 2012
Infants' responses to other people's distress reflect efforts to make sense of affective information about another person and apply it to oneself. This study sought to determine whether 12-month olds' responses to another person's display of negative affect reflect characteristics that support social learning and predict social functioning and language ...
Luef Eva Maria - - 2012
Infant-directed speech is a linguistic phenomenon in which adults adapt their language when addressing infants in order to provide them with more salient linguistic information and aid them in language acquisition. Adult-directed language differs from infant-directed language in various aspects, including speech acoustics, syntax, and semantics. The existence of a ...
Su John - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To perform an economic evaluation of a specific brand of partially hydrolyzed infant formula (PHF-W) in the prevention of atopic dermatitis (AD) among Australian infants. Methods: A cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken from the perspectives of the Department of Health and Aging (DHA), of the family of the affected ...
Amin Sanjiv B - - 2012
Objective To determine the optimal click rate (CR) for neurodevelopmental assessment using auditory brainstem evoked response (ABR) in preterm infants.Study Design A prospective study was performed in 17 preterm infants at 34 weeks' postmenstrual age. Three separate ABRs were performed a few minutes apart on each subject using three different ...
Tran Thao T H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) continues to be a significant contributor to neonatal morbidity and mortality, especially in the extremely premature population (<26 weeks). The aims of the study were to test the hypothesis that risk-based coagulopathy screening could identify infants at risk of severe IVH/mortality, and whether preterm infants born ...
Hildebrand Vanessa M - - 2012
In the hands of both traditional and clinic midwives in rural Indonesia a simple biomedical tool, umbilical cord scissors, has come to develop a social life that symbolizes potential futures. In rural Indonesian villages resources are limited, maternal and infant mortality rates are high, and there is robust competition for ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2012
From a developmental perspective, optimal speech and language outcome is indisputably the primary motivation for neonatal hearing screening of infants with congenital or early-onset hearing loss (PCHL). This paper additionally outlines more broadly the potential value of early hearing detection and intervention in resource-poor countries against the backdrop of limitations ...
Deeney Kathleen - - 2012
More fathers than ever before attend at the birth of their child and, internationally, there is a palpable pressure on maternity and neonatal services to include and engage with fathers. It is, thus, more important than ever to understand how fathers experience reproductive and neonatal health services and to understand ...
Darling Rosa D - - 2012
The rate of low birth weight (LBW) is a national concern. In New York counties in 2009, the LBW rate was 8.2%. Reducing LBW has significant humanitarian and economic implications. At an average cost of $51,600 per infant, care for infants weighing less than 2,500 grams at birth is substantial. ...
Steiner Amanda Mossman - - 2012
Presently there is limited research to suggest efficacious interventions for infants at-risk for autism. Pivotal response treatment (PRT) has empirical support for use with preschool children with autism, but there are no reports in the literature utilizing this approach with infants. In the current study, a developmental adaptation of PRT ...
Porter Noriko - - 2012
porter n. & ispa j.m. (2012) Mothers' online message board questions about parenting infants and toddlers. Journal of Advanced Nursing00(0), 000-000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06030.x ABSTRACT: Aim.  To report a study conducted to explore childrearing concerns through an analysis of online parenting message boards managed by popular parenting magazines. Background.  Increasingly, mothers appear ...
Thangaratinam Shakila - - 2012
Screening for critical congenital heart defects in newborn babies can aid in early recognition, with the prospect of improved outcome. We assessed the performance of pulse oximetry as a screening method for the detection of critical congenital heart defects in asymptomatic newborn babies. In this systematic review, we searched Medline ...
Fasher Michael - - 2012
Background The opportunity for continuity of care may be won or lost when new parents present to their general practitioner for their new baby's first health assessment. The GP's duty of care to the infant includes, but is not limited to, detection of biological vulnerability. Objective The article describes the ...
Powell M R - - 2012
Parents often regard obstetric professionals as an important source of information regarding prematurity. However, there is no information regarding the readiness of these obstetric professionals to inform expectant parents of the potential outcomes of premature infants. Using a self-report questionnaire, we determined the knowledge of obstetric professionals regarding outcomes of ...
Nelson Laura - - 2012
The purpose of this project was to implement universal screening of all late preterm newborns for hyperbilirubinemia in a level I newborn nursery. RATIONALE/BACKGROUND: Late preterm newborns have traditionally received the same level of care and monitoring as term newborns despite being at increased risk for morbidity and mortality. An ...
Virji-Babul N - - 2012
Mirror neurons are recognized as a crucial aspect of motor and social learning yet we know little about their origins and development. Two competing hypotheses are highlighted in the literature. One suggests that mirror neurons may be innate and are an adaptation for action understanding. The alternative, proposes that mirror ...
Friedman Jed - - 2012
The human consequences of the recent global financial crisis for the developing world are presumed to be severe, but few studies have quantified them. This letter estimates the human cost of the 2008-2009 global financial crisis in one critical dimension-infant mortality-for countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The analysis pools birth-level data, ...
Okabe Shota - - 2012
Mother-infant bonding is a universal relationship of all mammalian species. Here, we describe the role of reciprocal communication between mother and infant in the formation of bonding for several mammalian species. Mother-infant bond formation is reinforced by various social cues or stimuli, including communicative signals, such as odor and vocalizations, ...
Ball Helen L - - 2012
The notion that infant sleep environments are 'good' or 'bad' and that parents who receive appropriate instruction will modify their infant-care habits has been fundamental to SIDS reduction campaigns. However infant sleep location recommendations have failed to emulate the previously successful infant sleep position campaigns that dramatically reduced infant deaths. ...
Sherman Joshua M - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review recommendations from recent publications on the management of fever with antipyretics, the classification and diagnosis of fevers of unknown origin (FUO), and the evaluation of fever in infants under 90 days of age. RECENT FINDINGS: Anxiety about fever persists in the population, while the toxicity ...
Tan Juliet S - - 2012
Health care providers' understandings of parental bereavement needs before and in the acute period following the death of an infant with a complex chronic condition are based upon models that outline the process of grief and provide direction for possible points of intervention. These models do not address prospective factors ...
Mullins Geoffrey C - - 2012
Sometimes, the only response to death and dying is silence.
Mascaro Olivier - - 2012
What are the origins of humans' capacity to represent social relations? We approached this question by studying human infants' understanding of social dominance as a stable relation. We presented infants with interactions between animated agents in conflict situations. Studies 1 and 2 targeted expectations of stability of social dominance. They ...
Gil-Jaurena Juan-Miguel - - 2012
A pacemaker insertion through the azygos vein in a child is presented. When both the low weight of the child and mediastinitis precluded standard approaches, the azygos approach proved to be an alternative and a straightforward bailout solution.
Peet Aleksandr - - 2012
BACKGROUND: HLA genotypes associated with increased risk for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) have been reported to be associated with increased birth weight (BW). We set out to investigate the association between HLA haplotypes conferring risk for T1D and BW and search for possible differences in the strength of these ...
Wagener Jeffrey S - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) is now universal in the US and many other countries. The rapid expansion of screening has resulted in numerous publications identifying new challenges for healthcare providers. This review provides an overview of these publications and includes ideas on managing these challenges. ...
Gotru S - - 2013
To establish the reproducibility of a published observation by Lubetzky et al. that infants affected by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) had higher absolute nucleated red blood cell (aNRBC) counts than those unaffected. The authors suggested that infants exposed to intrauterine hypoxia are at higher risk for ROP. We attempted to ...
Wax Joseph R - - 2012
Commentary on: Feng XL, Guo S, Hipgrave D, et al.. China's facility-based birth strategy and neonatal mortality: a population-based epidemiological study. Lancet 2011;378:1493-500.
Crinella Francis M - - 2012
An earlier article hypothesized a relationship between soy-based infant formulas, manganese (Mn) neurotoxicity and symptoms of ADHD. In this update, more recent literature on ADHD, Mn and Mn neurotoxicity is reviewed, as well as the risks of Mn toxicity that may accompany ingestion of soy-based infant formula. The results of ...
Ounpraseuth Songthip - - 2012
We examined the effect of hospital type and medical coverage on the risk of 1-year mortality of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants while adjusting for possible selection bias. The study population was limited to singleton live birth infants having birth weight between 500 and 1500 g with no congenital ...
Gephart Sheila M - - 2012
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common cause of gastrointestinal-related morbidity and mortality in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Its onset is sudden and the smallest, most premature infants are the most vulnerable. Necrotizing enterocolitis is a costly disease, accounting for nearly 20% of NICU costs annually. Necrotizing enterocolitis ...
Cox David J DJ Centre for the Developing Brain, Imperial College London and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, London, - - 2012
There is significant uncertainty regarding the optimal circulatory management of preterm infants, with research in the field limited by the paucity of safe, reproducible biomarkers of circulatory function. This review discusses the physiology and pathophysiology of circulatory function in preterm infants, describes the mode of action and evidence for and ...
Van Kerschaver Erwin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Serious hearing problems appear in approximately one in 1000 newborns. In 2000, the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing defined a list of risk factors for neonatal hearing impairment relating to health, physical characteristics and family history. The aim of this study is to determine which personal, environmental and social ...
Trachtenberg Felicia L FL New England Research Institutes, Watertown, Massachusetts, - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that the profile of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) changed after the Back-to-Sleep (BTS) campaign initiation, document prevalence and patterns of multiple risks, and determine the age profile of risk factors. The San Diego SIDS/Sudden Unexplained Death in Childhood Research Project recorded risk factors for 568 ...
Ramel Sara E - - 2012
Background: Poor postnatal weight gain in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants has been shown to have a negative effect on neurodevelopment. However, the dose-dependent neurodevelopmental consequences of linear stunting in this population have not previously been assessed. Understanding this relationship is important because organ growth and differentiation are ...
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