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Lee Mi Hyun - - 2013
Congenital tuberculosis is a rare disease which is curable after early diagnosis. Making an early diagnosis of tuberculosis in an infant is difficult, however, because of its nonspecific clinical findings. It therefore requires a high index of suspicion. In this paper we report the case of an infant with disseminated ...
Hounton Sennen - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Current methods for estimating maternal mortality lack precision, and are not suitable for monitoring progress in the short run. In addition, national maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) alone do not provide useful information on where the greatest burden of mortality is located, who is concerned, what are the causes, and ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2013
In 2011, South Dakota experienced a slight increase over the previous year in the number of live births with one in four births representing minorities. Paralleling national data, the rate of births per 1,000 15 to 17-year-olds has decreased to 1.65. The spike in low birth weight observed in 2010 ...
Hure Alexis J - - 2013
To report on the proportion and characteristics of Australian infants who are fed, and mothers who feed, in accordance with the national and international breastfeeding duration targets of six, 12 and 24 months. Furthermore, to examine the longitudinal breastfeeding duration patterns for women with more than one child. Breastfeeding duration ...
Le Doare Kirsty - - 2013
Little evidence is available on the pharmacokinetics of antituberculous medication in premature infants. We report rifampicin (RMP) pharmacokinetics in an extremely premature, low-birthweight female infant born to a mother with known miliary tuberculosis. Intravenous RMP, isoniazid (INH), ciprofloxacin and amikacin were used, as the enteral route was not possible. Area ...
Kalkstein Adam J - - 2013
Human mortality exhibits a strong seasonal pattern with deaths in winter far exceeding those in the summer. While the pattern itself is clear, there have been very few studies examining whether the magnitude or timing of seasonal mortality varies considerably across space. Thus, the goal of this study is to ...
Lepucka M - - 2013
In recent years the number of Caesarean sections (C-section) has been rapidly increasing. One of the reasons behind this is the fact that the scope of indications for these operations is still widening. The purpose of this article was to present a comparative analysis of the umbilical cord blood gas ...
Kiwanuka Julius - - 2013
Neonatal sepsis in the developing world is incompletely characterized. We seek to characterize the microbial spectrum involved in sepsis and determine the role of maternal transmission by comparing organisms that can be cultured from septic newborn infants and their mothers. From 80 consecutive mother-infant pairs meeting clinical criteria for neonatal ...
Vanderbilt Allison A AA Assessment and Evaluation, Center on Health Disparities, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA. - - 2013
Among all of the industrialized countries, the United States has the highest infant mortality rate. Racial and ethnic disparities continue to plague the United States with a disproportionally high rate of infant death. Furthermore, racial disparities among infant and neonatal mortality rates remain a chronic health problem in the United ...
Aliaga Sofia R SR Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina, 101 Manning Drive, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
Late preterm (LPT) neonates (34 0/7th-36 6/7th weeks' gestation) account for 70% of all premature births in the United States. LPT neonates have a higher morbidity and mortality risk than term neonates. LPT birth rates vary across geographic regions. Unwarranted variation is variation in medical care that cannot be explained ...
Maruyama Hidehiko - - 2013
An infant with pancytopenia was born to a mother who used the common immunosuppressant azathioprine (AZA). Maternal and neonatal blood levels of 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6TGN; metabolite of AZA) were 1890 and 1480 pmol/8 × 10(8) red blood cells, respectively. Maternal 6TGN levels could be useful in predicting neonatal pancytopenia.
Cornew Lauren - - 2012
Social referencing was investigated in 18-month-old siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD; "high-risk infants"). Infants were exposed to novel toys, which were emotionally tagged via adults' facial and vocal signals. Infants' information seeking (initiation of joint attention with an adult) and their approach/withdrawal behavior toward the toys before ...
Dundas Eva E Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2012
While it is well-known that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties processing faces, very little is known about the origins of these deficits. The current study focused on 6- and 11-month-old infants who were at either high-risk (n = 43) or low-risk (n = 31) for developing ASD ...
Busfield Alison - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To survey vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) and document vitamin K (VK) prophylaxis practice, and compare with findings predating withdrawal of Konakion Neonatal and guidance from the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), both occurring in 2006. DESIGN: Two-year surveillance of VKDB (2006-2008) using British Paediatric Surveillance ...
Briana Despina D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate iron homeostasis in full-term intrauterine-growth-restricted-(IUGR) and appropriate-for-gestational-age-(AGA) infants at birth, by evaluating cord blood concentrations of hepcidin (a bioactive molecule, principal regulator of iron metabolism, downregulated by hypoxia/iron deficiency and upregulated by inflammation), erythropoietin (EPO, a marker of prolonged fetal hypoxia), soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR, a ...
Stampfel Caroline - - 2012
States can improve pregnancy outcomes by using a standard approach to assess infant mortality. The State Infant Mortality Collaborative (SIMC) developed a series of analyses to describe infant mortality in states, identify contributing factors to infant death, and develop the evidence base for implementing new or modifying existing programs and ...
Sinclair Graham B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:Infant mortality in British Columbia (BC) First Nations remains elevated relative to other residents. The p.P479L (c.1436C>T) variant of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1A) is frequent in some aboriginal populations and may be associated with increased infant deaths. This work was initiated to determine the performance of acylcarnitine profiling for detecting ...
Eden Alvin N - - 2012
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) continues to be overwhelmingly the leading cause of anemia in early childhood and a global public health challenge. Although there has been a significant decrease in the frequency of IDA and iron deficiency (ID) in infants and toddlers in recent years in the United States, ID ...
Romagnoli Costantino - - 2012
Objective: This study reports on an experience following contact by a large number of newborn babies with a nurse infected by active tuberculosis (TB). Methods: A large number of newborn babies were checked for possible contact with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) using interferon-gamma tests (IGTs) to determine specific treatment. Results: One ...
Pawun Vichan - - 2012
Up to 65% of travelers to less developed countries report health problems while traveling. International travel is an increasing concern for health practitioners. To date, there have not been any published analyses of mortality amongst foreign nationals visiting Thailand. Our objectives are to examine the magnitude and characterize the deaths ...
Bedford Rachael R Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Institute of Education, University of London, 25 Woburn Square, London, UK. - - 2012
Whilst joint attention (JA) impairments in autism have been widely studied, little is known about the early development of gaze following, a precursor to establishing JA. We employed eye-tracking to record gaze following longitudinally in infants with and without a family history of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at 7 and ...
Nimeri Nuha - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To prospectively ascertain Qatar's national perinatal mortality rate (PMR) during 2011, compare it with recent data from selected high-income countries, and analyze trends in Qatar's PMR between 1990 and 2011 using historical data. Study design: A national prospective cohort study. Methods: National data on live births, stillbirths, and ...
Tracy Erin E - - 2012
Certain causes of newborn mortality such as sudden unexpected infant death, which includes sleep-related infant death and sudden unexplained infant death syndrome, are potentially preventable. Obstetricians are uniquely positioned to counsel new parents about safe practices regarding newborn sleep, feeding, and transportation. Patients often do not develop a relationship with ...
Flanagan Joanne E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE.Poor postural control during pull-to-sit is a predictor of developmental disruption in cerebral palsy and preterm populations but has not been examined in infants at risk for autism. We examined the association between head lag during pull-to-sit at age 6 mo and autism risk status. METHOD.High-risk participants were siblings of ...
Freitas Brunnella Alcantara Chagas de - - 2012
This study analyzed the factors that are associated with the need for packed red blood cell transfusions in premature infants in a neonatal intensive care unit. This study is a cross-sectional study of secondary data from premature infants who were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between 2008 and ...
Tyler Crystal P - - 2012
Racial disparities in infant and neonatal mortality vary substantially across the U.S. with some states experiencing wider disparities than others. Many factors are thought to contribute to these disparities, but state differences in fetal death reporting have received little attention. We examined whether such reporting requirements may explain national variation ...
Jessri Mahsa - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore from the Middle-Eastern mothers' perspective, the experience of breastfeeding and their perceptions of attributes of the health care system, community and society on their feeding decisions after migration to Canada. New immigrant mothers from the Middle East (n = 22) were recruited from community ...
Brown A - - 2012
What is already known about this subject? Infants who are formula fed have an increased risk of overweight and obesity compared to breastfed infants. Individuals who are satiety responsive, matching their intake of energy to need, are more likely to be a healthy weight. Breastfeeding may promote satiety responsiveness as ...
Martinos Marina - - 2012
Background:  Developing control of attention helps infants to regulate their emotions, and individual differences in attention skills may shape how infants perceive and respond to their socio-emotional environments. This study examined whether the temperamental dimensions of self-regulation and negative emotionality relate to infants' attention skills and whether the emotional content ...
Høivik Magnhild S - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 The Mother and Baby Interaction Scale: a valid broadband instrument for efficient screening of postpartum interaction? A preliminary validation in a Norwegian community sample Background and aims:  The mother-infant relationship may represent a risk or a protective factor for child development. Hence, an early focus ...
Ma Lili - - 2012
Human adults have a strong bias to invoke intentional agents in their intuitive explanations of ordered wholes or regular compositions in the world. Less is known about the ontogenetic origin of this bias. In 4 experiments, we found that 9- to 10-month-old infants expected a human hand, but not a ...
Sheinkopf Stephen J - - 2012
This study examined differences in acoustic characteristics of infant cries in a sample of babies at risk for autism and a low-risk comparison group. Cry samples derived from vocal recordings of 6-month-old infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 21) and low-risk infants (n = 18) were subjected to acoustic analyses ...
Esteve-Gibert Núria - - 2012
ABSTRACT There is considerable debate about whether early vocalizations mimic the target language and whether prosody signals emergent intentional communication. A longitudinal corpus of four Catalan-babbling infants was analyzed to investigate whether children use different prosodic patterns to distinguish communicative from investigative vocalizations and to express intentionality. A total of ...
Bonellie Sandra R - - 2012
Aim.  To illustrate the use of regression and logistic regression models to investigate changes over time in size of babies particularly in relation to social deprivation, age of the mother and smoking. Background.  Mean birthweight has been found to be increasing in many countries in recent years, but there are ...
Zhu Huiping - - 2012
In this study, we investigated whether the two TYMS functional variants (28 bp VNTR and 1494del6) (275 cases and 653 controls) and six selected SNPs (265 case infants, 535 control infants; 169 case mothers and 276 control mothers) were associated with risks of conotruncal heart defects. Further, we evaluated interaction effects ...
Vandeleest Jessica J - - 2012
The current study explored whether birth timing, known to influence the mother-infant relationship, also affected infant physiology up to 9 months later and infant behavior at weaning. Infant blood samples were collected at 5.75 and 8.75 months of age to assess functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis as well as the ...
Yozu Arito - - 2012
Quadrupedalism is a common mode of locomotion in land animals. The load distribution between the forelimbs (FL) and hindlimbs (HL) in quadrupedalism has been of great interest to researchers, and a database of the vertical peak force (Vpk) for FL and HL has been created for various species. However, Vpk ...
Glatt Stephen J - - 2012
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorders that onset clinically during the first years of life. ASD risk biomarkers expressed early in life could significantly impact diagnosis and treatment, but no transcriptome-wide biomarker classifiers derived from fresh blood samples from children with autism have yet emerged. Using a ...
D'Vaz N - - 2012
Maternal fish oil supplementation during pregnancy has been associated with altered infant immune responses and a reduced risk of infant sensitization and eczema. To examine the effect of early postnatal fish oil supplementation on infant cellular immune function at 6 months of age in the context of allergic disease. In a ...
Franchin Laura - - 2012
The aim of the study was to explore whether the acoustic startle response shows signs of early lateralisation. Using non-invasive startle measurements (Automated Infant Motor Movement Startle Seat and Facial Action Coding System), an analysis of response latencies and intensities on the right and left body sides was performed, investigating ...
Saavedra Sandra L - - 2012
The question of how infants attain upright sitting is at the core of understanding the development of most functional abilities. Our simple, practical method of securing the hips and different trunk segments while evaluating the infant's ability to vertically align and stabilize the trunk in space contributes a useful method ...
Raby K Lee - - 2012
In the longitudinal study reported here, we examined genetic and caregiving-based contributions to individual differences in infant attachment classifications. For 154 mother-infant pairs, we rated mothers' responsiveness to their 6-month-old infants during naturalistic interactions and classified infants' attachment organization at 12 and 18 months using the Strange Situation procedure. These ...
de Campos Ana Carolina - - 2012
Recent theoretical approaches to infant development have highlighted the importance of exploratory actions to motor, perceptual and cognitive development in infancy. However, the performance of infants exposed to risk factors when exploring objects has been frequently overlooked as a variable of interest. The aim of this study was to review ...
Dong Ying - - 2012
Background: Births between 37 0/7 and 38 6/7 weeks of gestation are newly defined as early term infants (ETIs), and are increasingly considered to be at higher risk of adverse outcomes than infants born at 39-41 weeks' gestation. To date, the long-term development of ETIs has not been systematically reviewed. ...
Chan Rita S Y - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Exploratory research findings have suggested that otoacoustic emission (OAE) recordings may be predictive for infants at risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The present study aimed to investigate whether an actual SIDS prevalence rate was comparable to OAE-determined rates for "at risk" status. METHODS: Previously collected OAE results ...
Volpe Lane E LE Department of Anthropology, Parent-Infant Sleep Lab, Durham University, UK. - - 2013
A large social science and public health literature addresses infant sleep safety, with implications for infant mortality in the context of accidental deaths and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). As part of risk reduction campaigns in the USA, parents are encouraged to place infants supine and to alter infant bedding ...
Abdul Wahid Siti Noor Hidayah - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify the outcomes of hearing screening using different protocols of both Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions (DPOAE) and Automated Auditory Brainstem Response (AABR) tests in the same ear of the babies in a neonatal unit population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on babies who were admitted into ...
Arichi Tomoki T Centre for the Developing Brain, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London, W12 0NN, - - 2012
In the rodent brain the hemodynamic response to a brief external stimulus changes significantly during development. Analogous changes in human infants would complicate the determination and use of the hemodynamic response function (HRF) for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in developing populations. We aimed to characterize HRF in human infants ...
Chang Hsiu-Wen - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the effectiveness of objective statistical detection in CAEP testing to evaluate audibility in young infants with sensorineural hearing loss. Design: CAEP recordings to speech-based stimuli were made at three presentation levels (55, 65, or 75 dB SPL) when a group of hearing-impaired infants were either aided ...
Liaw Jen-Jiuan - - 2012
This prospective, descriptive study used a repeated-measures design to explore preterm infants' biobehavioral responses to 24-hour neonatal caregiving and positioning, and the factors associated with changes in their biobehavioral responses. Thirty preterm infants (gestational age 27.6-36.1 weeks) were observed for 3 days to record biobehavioral responses. Infants' disorganized behaviors increased ...
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