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Results 401 - 450 of 710
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Caprioli Manuela - - 2004
In response to drought bdelloid and monogonont rotifers undergo anhydrobiosis and are assumed to synthesize protective chemicals, which are commonly sugars. In contrast to most anhydrobionts, bdelloids have earlier been shown to lack trehalose as protective chemical, and more importantly to lack trehalose synthase (tps) genes. It remains to be ...
Polkinghorne J C - - 2004
Argument about the ethical possibility of the therapeutic use of embryonic stem cells depends critically on the evaluation of the moral status of the very early embryo. Some assert that at the blastocyst stage it is only potentially human, not yet possessing the full ethical status of personhood, while others ...
Wolfram-Gabel R - - 2004
The microvascularisation of the male urethra was studied in neonates and infants by injection of agarised China ink into the circulation. The purpose of this study was to specify the angioarchitecture of each tunic of the urethral wall. The disposition of the microvascularisation networks varies depending on the urethral parts ...
Rijsselaere T - - 2004
In the present study, sperm distribution in the genital tract of the bitch following artificial insemination (AI) in relation to the time of ovulation was investigated by histology, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and flushing. Ten bitches were inseminated intravaginally with 500 x 10(6) spermatozoa: three dogs before ovulation, four dogs ...
Hamarato─člu Fisun - - 2005
Research from many laboratories over the past several decades indicates that invertebrate oocytes and eggs are extraordinarily difficult to freeze. Since starfish oocytes, eggs, and embryos are an important cell and developmental biology model system, there is great interest to cryopreserve these cells. Previous starfish oocyte cryopreservation studies using slow ...
Elzanaty Saad - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The data on the association between the abstinence period and sperm motility are conflicting. METHODS: Ejaculates from 422 men assessed for infertility were analysed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Seminal plasma neutral alpha-glucosidase (NAG), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), zinc and fructose were measured. Three groups were defined ...
Maciel Gustavo A R - - 2004
Recently, we proposed an oocyte-growth differentiation factor-9 hypothesis that predicts alterations in the initial stages of folliculogenesis in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ovaries. Here, we test this hypothesis by scoring the composition of follicles in normal and PCOS ovaries. Follicles were classified as primordial, transitional primary, classic primary, secondary, and ...
Sugawara Nobuo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We report a very rare case of the successful delivery of a healthy infant fathered by an infertile chimera. METHODS: ICSI was performed using frozen sperm. The karyotypes of peripheral lymphocytes were examined with a G-banding stain. RESULTS: Chromosomal analysis prior to ICSI revealed a 46, XX [28]/46, XY ...
Zhou Zhonghe - - 2004
An embryo of an enantiornithine bird has been recovered from the Lower Cretaceous rocks of Liaoning, in northeast China. The bird has a nearly complete articulated skeleton with feather sheet impressions and is enclosed in egg-shaped confines. The tucking posture of the skeleton suggests that the embryo had attained the ...
Takagi Kyoko - - 2004
99mTc-labeled mannosyl-neoglycoalbumin (NMA) was prepared and evaluated as a radiopharmaceutical for sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification, since 99mTc-labeled human serum albumin (HSA) rapidly cleared from injection sites. NMA was conjugated with 6-hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid (HYNIC) and reacted with [99mTc](tricine)2 to prepare [99mTc](HYNIC-NMA)(tricine)2. After subcutaneous injection of [99mTc](HYNIC-NMA)(tricine)2 from murine foot pad, ...
Silversides F G - - 2004
A total of 2123 eggs obtained from Brown Leghorn hens (unselected since 1965, ISA Brown, commercial brown egg layer) and Babcock hens (commercial white egg layer) at 32, 50, and 68 wk of age were used to investigate relationships among measures of albumen quality and a functional property of albumen. ...
Justine Jean-Lou - - 2004
Three new species of Huffmanela, here described from eggs only, are reported from the gills of marine fish caught off Nouméa, New Caledonia. Eggs of Huffmanela branchialis n. sp., from Nemipterus furcosus (Nemipteridae), are 45-52 (mean 48) microm in length and 23-30 (mean 25) microm in width, with thin shells. ...
Tiitinen A - - 2004
The most relevant standard of success in IVF has been discussed widely. An optimal standard should reflect both the risk aspects and the effectiveness of the treatment. The most important parameter for the couple is the ultimate cumulative delivery rate per started cycle. Even if the long-term follow-up of the ...
Tetsuka Masafumi - - 2004
This study describes the morphological and morphometrical changes associated with prepubertal ovarian development in the Antarctic minke whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis). Ovaries were harvested from 94 immature minke whales caught in the Antarctic Ocean during the summer feeding season (December-March). Notable differences in ovarian size and morphology were found among animals. ...
Reissig E Chang - - 2004
1. The hatching success and embryonic mortality of 724 lesser rhea eggs from 12 farms in northern Patagonia, Argentina were monitored during the 2000 breeding season. 2. Average infertility was 24.5%, embryonic mortality was 33.5%, hatchability of fertile eggs was 66.5% and the neonatal mortality was 57.0%. There were large ...
Ringwood A H - - 2004
The purpose of these studies was to evaluate if there were relationships between lysosomal destabilization or glutathione concentrations and gamete viability of oysters, Crassostrea virginica. Oysters were collected from field sites during the peak spawning period (May-June) during 2001 and 2002. Lysosomal destabilization rates and glutathione concentrations of hepatopancreas tissues ...
Tian Hua - - 2004
Genetic analyses in Drosophila have demonstrated that a transmembrane protein Dispatched (Disp) is required for the release of lipid-modified Hedgehog (Hh) protein from Hh secreting cells. Analysis of Disp1 null mutant embryos has demonstrated that Disp1 plays a key role in hedgehog signaling in the early mouse embryo. Here we ...
Nestor K E - - 2004
A line (E) of turkeys selected long term (40 generations) for increased egg production was reciprocally crossed with a commercial dam line (BD). The BD line was larger and had better conformation than the E line, but the E line laid more eggs than the BD line. Heterosis was negative ...
Walmsley S E - - 2004
The effect of transferring ovine IVP embryos on Day 2 versus Day 6 postinsemination was investigated. Oocytes were collected from 35 cull ewes and cultured separately for each donor. Embryos were exposed to serum in the maturation and fertilization media, and then cultured in a serum-free SOF system under serum-conditioned ...
Tsui Martin T K - - 2004
We examined maternal transfer efficiency, retention by subsequent generations, and transgenerational toxicity of methylmercury (CH3Hg or MeHg) in a population of freshwater zooplankton (Daphnia magna). The effect of dietary MeHg residence time in the daphnids on the efflux system also was quantified. After ingesting a relatively high dosage of MeHg, ...
Schieve Laura A - - 2004
As assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) are increasingly used to overcome infertility, there is concern about the health of the children conceived. The empirical evidence for associations with outcomes related to child health is variable and should be evaluated with consideration of methodological shortcomings. Currently, there is convincing evidence that ART ...
Wright Victoria Clay - - 2004
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States to determine medical center-specific pregnancy success rates, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs ...
Diaz Rodrigo - - 2004
The effects of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, populations and its predation of bollworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), and beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner), (both Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs were evaluated in cotton under field conditions during 2001 and 2002 in ...
Lahlou Najiba - - 2004
Klinefelter syndrome is a major cause of infertility in the male. Nevertheless, pregnancies were recently obtained by intracytoplasmic injection of sperm retrieved by surgery or ejaculation, underscoring the need to understand the role of Sertoli and Leydig cell secretions during development. In 18 infants with prenatally diagnosed homogenous 47,XXY karyotype, ...
Haigo Kosuke - - 2004
The golden hamster is a mammal in which microinjection of round spermatids into oocytes (ROSI) was first attempted. However, no live ROSI offspring have ever been obtained in this species. This is the first report of live hamster offspring obtained by round spermatid injection. Over 90% of oocytes, injected with ...
Cheng Winton - - 2004
Addition of NaCl at 2.5% to 3.5% to tryptic soy broth (TSB) significantly increased the growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Taiwan abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta held in 30 per thousand seawater were injected with V. parahaemolyticus grown in TSB containing NaCl at 0.5, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5% at a dose ...
Verpoest W - - 2004
Bladder exstrophy is a rare congenital condition, with variable degrees of reproductive dysfunction, from mild exstrophy allowing regular intercourse and reproduction, to severe forms with significant cosmetic deformity and failure to reproduce spontaneously. This is a case report of a patient with severe congenital bladder exstrophy and failure to reproduce ...
Liu Chun-Hung - - 2004
The white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (8.0-14.4 g) was examined for haemocyte count, phenoloxidase activity, respiratory burst (release of superoxide anion), phagocytic activity, and clearance efficiency to the pathogen Vibrio alginolyticus in relation with moult cycle (postmoult, A, B; intermoult, C; premoult, D(0)/D(1)D(2)/D(3)). Granular cells were the highest at C and ...
Tummon Ian S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate cumulative chance for first live birth after elective pronuclear stage cryopreservation of all embryos due to ovarian hyperresponsiveness. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis with longitudinal follow-up. SETTING: Academic hospital. PATIENT(S): Thirty subjects with elective cryopreservation of all embryos due to ovarian hyperresponsiveness. INTERVENTION(S): Elective cryopreservation of all embryos at ...
Reddy L Harivardhan - - 2004
The objective of this study is to enhance the delivery of Doxorubicin hydrochloride to Dalton's lymphoma solid tumour through poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBC) nanoparticles. Doxorubicin loaded PBC (DPBC) nanoparticles were prepared by emulsion polymerization and characterized by particle size analysis, zeta potential and scanning electron microscopy. Doxorubicin HCl (Dox) and DPBC ...
Garin E - - 2004
Although intra-arterial radiotherapy with (131)I-labelled lipiodol is a useful therapeutic approach in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas, various disadvantages limit its use. Here we describe the development of (188)Re-SSS lipiodol, as well as its biodistribution in the healthy pig after injection into the hepatic artery. The (188)Re-SSS lipiodol was obtained ...
Smoyer Laura K - - 2003
The Triplo-lethal locus (Tpl) of Drosophila is both triplo-lethal and haploinsufficient, but the function of the locus is unknown. We have examined Tpl-aneuploid embryos and find that, in both trisomics and monosomics, the midgut shows extensive cell death and the tracheae are abnormal. Shortly thereafter, all tissues die. PCR-based genotyping ...
Amboka J N O - - 2003
Electroejaculation is an accepted method of semen collection from non-human primates and is typically performed using direct penile or rectal probe electro-stimulation. Six mature male olive baboons (Papio anubis) were subjected to rectal probe electro-stimulation procedure that yielded 65 usable ejaculates in 69 attempts over a period of 16 weeks. ...
Yong Hwan Yul - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Conventional ICSI to date was focused only on tail membrane damage to achieve sperm immobilization and disruption of the plasma membrane, even though liberation of soluble sperm factors is achieved by disruption of the sperm head membrane. METHODS: A modified method for ICSI was developed: head membrane-damaged spermatozoa aspirated ...
Lindeberg Heli - - 2003
Surgical transfer of in vivo produced conventionally frozen-thawed embryos of farmed European polecat (Mustela putorius) was investigated as a part of an ex-situ preservation program which has the long-term aim of developing a genome resource bank for the endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola). Eighteen oestrous yearling European polecat donors were ...
Hauser Russ - - 2003
Scientific and public concern exists about potential reproductive health effects of persistent chlorinated organic chemicals, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE, the most stable daughter compound of DDT). To explore the hypothesis that environmental exposures to PCBs and DDE are associated with altered semen parameters, we ...
Chen Z - - 2003
The current study explores trends in semen parameters in New England in the United States. A retrospective review was performed of 551 semen analysis records from 1989 to 2000 at Vincent Memorial Andrology Laboratory of Massachusetts General Hospital. After age adjustment, semen pH and motility significantly increased 0.05 units/year and ...
Peng W - - 2003
Since 2 morphological forms (fertilized and unfertilized) of egg can be produced by Ascaris, infected humans can release in their faeces fertilized eggs only (FEO), unfertilized eggs only (UEO) or both fertilized and unfertilized eggs (FUE) (designated herein as the 3 different egg profiles). Epidemiologically, fertilized eggs are of significance ...
Wright Victoria C - - 2003
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States to determine medical center-specific pregnancy success rates, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs ...
Riparbelli Maria Giovanna - - 2003
The Drosophila egg contains all the components required to properly execute the early mitotic divisions but is unable to assemble a functional centrosome without a sperm-provided basal body. We show that 65% of unfertilized eggs obtained from a laboratory strain of Drosophila mercatorum can spontaneously assemble a number of cytoplasmic ...
Kierszenbaum Abraham L - - 2003
Nuclear shaping is a critical event during sperm development as demonstrated by the incidence of male infertility associated with abnormal sperm ad shaping. Herein, we demonstrate that mouse and rat spermatids assemble in the subacrosomal space a cytoskeletal scaffold containing F-actin and Sak57, a keratin ortholog. The cytoskeletal plate, designated ...
Maxwell Erin E - - 2003
New fossils of embryonic ichthyosaurs are both the geologically youngest and the physically smallest known ichthyosaur embryos. The embryos are articulated, though only partially preserved, and are located within the body cavity of an adult, presumably the mother. The embryos and adult were found in association with several other individuals ...
Hidalgo-Argüello M R - - 2003
The royal burial chamber of what is today the Collegiate-Basilica of St. Isidoro in León, Spain, built and remodeled between the 10th and 13th centuries and in the 20th century renamed the Kings' Pantheon, has 13 royal tombs that were opened in the presence of the Abbot-Prior of the Collegiate ...
Vahratian Anjel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Increasing use of assisted reproductive technology treatments has been associated with the current rise in multiple births in the USA. Embryo cryopreservation and subsequent thawed embryo transfer may favourably impact the multiple-birth risk by relieving some pressure that patients and providers may feel to transfer several embryos in a ...
Hoffmann A A - - 2003
Insects can adapt to temperate environments by increasing levels of resistance to cold conditions over winter and/or altering reproductive patterns to focus reproduction in favourable conditions. In temperate areas, Drosophila melanogaster persists over winter at the adult stage. A previous experiment, conducted with flies kept in outdoor population cages in ...
Persad Anand B - - 2003
Classical biological control of the brown citrus aphid Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy in Florida has involved the release of Lipolexis scutellaris Mackauer. Lysiphlebus testaceipes Cresson is already present in Florida and also parasitizes T. citricida. Because parasitoid-parasitoid interactions may affect the establishment of a newly introduced parasitoid species, intra- and interspecific ...
Tan Li - - 2003
Moraxella osloensis is a bacterium that is mutualistically associated with Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita, a nematode that has potential for the biocontrol of mollusk pests, especially the slug Deroceras reticulatum. We discovered that purified M. osloensis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) possesses a lethal toxicity to D. reticulatum when administered by injection but no contact ...
Krishnan S - - 2003
The endosperm and embryo that constitute the filial tissues of rice caryopsis are isolated from the maternal tissues by the absence of any symplastic continuity. Nutrients are transported to the endosperm through a single ovular vascular trace present on the ventral side of the ovary. Initially solute enters through the ...
Block David S - - 2003
Endocrine function in arthropods has principally been characterized in insects and malacostracan crustaceans. However, meiofauna represent the most abundant metazoan marine taxa, with harpacticoid copepods comprising the second most abundant taxon. In addition, their diminutive biomass has made characterization of endocrine components difficult, so little is known about endocrine control ...
Saito Yasunori - - 2003
Xenogeneic rejection was observed among colonies of three botryllids, Botryllus scalaris, Botryllus primigenus, and Botrylloides simodensis. Allogeneic recognition occurs in each of these species, but the manner of allogeneic rejection differs among them. We studied xenogeneic rejection reactions among these species under the following conditions: colony contact at natural growing ...
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