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Results 401 - 450 of 734
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Jiang Xiao-Dong - - 2006
Many estuarine and coastal planktonic copepods depend on the hatching of benthic resting eggs for recruitment of nauplii to the water column population. The potential effects of two organochlorine pesticides, hexchloriobinzene (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), on the recruitment of Acartia pacifica nauplii from benthic resting eggs in the seabed of ...
Riess Jean G - - 2006
The basic properties of perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and PFC emulsions relevant to their use as oxygen delivery systems are briefly reviewed. The key issues related to the selection of an appropriate, readily excretable PFC and the engineering of a stable injectable PFC emulsion are discussed. Oxygent, a terminally heat-sterilized, injectable 60% ...
Bennemann P E - - 2005
This study evaluated the reproductive performance of gilts inseminated at three intervals before ovulation (0-12, 13-23, 24-30 h) with sperm doses (SD) stored for 0-48 and 96-120 h. A total of 218 PIC Camborough 22 gilts were inseminated once with SD of 1.5 x 10(9) sperms. Pregnant gilts (n = ...
Heinz G H - - 2006
We developed a standardized protocol for comparing the sensitivities of the embryos of different bird species to methylmercury when methylmercury was injected into their eggs. During the course of developing this protocol, we investigated the effects of various factors on the toxicity of the injected methylmercury. Most of our experiments ...
Lance Valentine A - - 2006
An American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) breeding facility using male and female alligators raised from artificially incubated eggs was established in 1975. These alligators first reproduced at 6 years of age as compared to 10-12 years in wild alligators, but the eggs produced showed a lower hatching rate than those collected ...
Johnson Joshua - - 2005
Of all the 'certainties' in mammalian female reproductive biology, the concept that a non-renewing oocyte reserve is set forth in the ovaries at birth may be the most longstanding and widely held. However, when data from our studies of oocyte apoptosis unintentionally began to contradict this theory in the latter ...
Ling Erjun - - 2005
In insects, melanotic encapsulation is an important innate immune response against large pathogens or parasites, and phenoloxidase (PO) is a key enzyme in this process. Activation of prophenoloxidase (proPO) to PO is mediated by a serine proteinase cascade. PO has a tendency to adhere to foreign surfaces including hemocyte surfaces. ...
Cheng Qian - - 2005
GlsA, a J-protein chaperone, is required for the asymmetric divisions that set aside germ and somatic cell precursors during embryogenesis in Volvox carteri, and previous evidence indicated that this function requires an intact Hsp70-binding site. To determine if Hsp70A, the only known cytoplasmic Hsp70 in V. carteri, is the chaperone ...
Desai Nina - - 2005
This investigation examined frozen cycle outcomes with the transfer of a single thawed blastocyst. It also aimed to determine if the suggested model could aid in achieving a better understanding of factors that influence success with frozen blastocyst transfer. A retrospective analysis was conducted of single frozen embryo transfer cycles ...
De Smit L - - 2005
Ascites is a metabolic disorder that accounts for over 25% of overall mortality in the broiler industry. This disorder is manifested between wk 5 and 6 posthatch, but there are previous indications that predisposition may be identified during embryonic development. In this current study, we determined embryonic physiological and metabolic ...
Renier Davide - - 2005
Autocrosslinked polysaccharide (ACP) gel is a fully biocompatible cross-linked derivative of hyaluronic acid, which has prolonged in vivo residence time and improved mechanical properties with respect to native hyaluronan for use in various surgical applications. The objective of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetic behaviour of ACP gel in ...
McGraw K J - - 2005
In egg-laying animals, mothers can influence the development of their offspring via the suite of biochemicals they incorporate into the nourishing yolk (e.g. lipids, hormones). However, the long-lasting fitness consequences of this early nutritional environment have often proved elusive. Here, we show that the colorful carotenoid pigments that female zebra ...
D'Anna Kimberly L KL Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2005
Lactating female mice fiercely defend offspring while exhibiting decreased fear and anxiety. Recent work (J. S. Lonstein & S. C. Gammie, 2002) found that intracerebroventricular (icv) injections of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), a putative anxiogenic peptide, inhibit maternal defense behavior. This study examines effects of CRF-related peptides, urocortin (Ucn) 1 ...
Wright Victoria Clay - - 2005
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory ...
Shiota Kohei - - 2005
In vitro fertilization (IVF) and other assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are effective treatments for infertility and are widely provided at infertility clinics. Although IVF and related ART procedures are generally considered safe, some studies have suggested an excess occurrence of major malformations, low birth-weight and other perinatal complications in babies ...
Wilson Ellen E - - 2005
Since the first in vitro fertilization infant was born in England in 1978, the practice of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has steadily increased as the technology and success rates have improved. The incidence of multiple gestations has also increased, primarily owing to the practice of transferring multiple embryos during an ...
Fair S - - 2005
Ewe breed has been shown to have a major effect on pregnancy rates following cervical AI using frozen-thawed semen. The main objective of this study was to examine the differences between purebred Belclare and Suffolk ewes (multiparous) in fertilization rate, number of accessory sperm and stage of embryo development on ...
Isaacs Rufus - - 2005
The insect growth regulators (IGRs) tebufenozide and methoxyfenozide and the broad-spectrum insecticides azinphosmethyl, carbaryl, and fenpropathrin were compared for their activity against adult, egg, and larval stages of the grape berry moth, Endopiza viteana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), under laboratory and vineyard conditions. Adult mortality was not affected by exposure to ...
Levi Setti Paolo Emanuele - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the first birth after transfer of cryopreserved embryos generated by intracytoplasmic sperm injection of cryopreserved testicular spermatozoa into cryopreserved human oocytes. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary center for reproductive technology. PATIENT(S): A 36-year-old woman with primary infertility of 3 years' duration and a 37-year-old man with congenital ...
Mathews Peter V - - 2005
Subacromial bursa injection is commonly performed via an anterolateral or posterior approach. No study has compared the accuracy rates of these approaches. Twenty cadaveric shoulders were injected with radiocontrast in the subacromial bursa via an anterolateral approach and twenty via a posterior approach. Ten shoulders were injected with methylene blue ...
Godfrey R W - - 2005
The breeding soundness evaluation (BSE) was used to evaluate Senepol (Bos taurus) bulls (n = 495) on St. Croix over a 7-year period. Young, unproven bulls (10-26 months of age) and breeding bulls (16 months to 8.5 years) were tested prior to sale or use in breeding. Inbreeding coefficients were ...
Diez Carmen - - 2005
The nuclear stage at which oocytes are cryopreserved influences further development ability and cryopreservation affects ultrastructure of both cumulus cells and the oocyte. In this work, we analyze the effects of vitrification at different nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation stages on the oocyte ultrastructure and developmental ability. Culture in TCM199 + ...
Matsuda Hideo - - 2005
Parvovirus B19-infected hydrops fetalis was treated using gammaglobulin injection into the peritoneal cavity (GIFPeC) with B19-IgG-rich immunoglobulin. Fetal anemia and hydrops resolved, and B19-DNA in fetal ascites decreased despite no change in maternal B19-IgG or B19-DNA. Gammaglobulin injection into the peritoneal cavity is thus useful for treating hydrops fetalis while ...
Murakami Masao - - 2005
Interspecies nuclear transfer (NT) could be an alternative to replicate animals when supply of recipient oocytes is limited or in vitro embryo production systems are incomplete. In the present study, embryonic development was assessed following interspecies NT of donor cumulus cells derived from yak and dog into the recipient ooplasm ...
Caprioli Manuela - - 2004
In response to drought bdelloid and monogonont rotifers undergo anhydrobiosis and are assumed to synthesize protective chemicals, which are commonly sugars. In contrast to most anhydrobionts, bdelloids have earlier been shown to lack trehalose as protective chemical, and more importantly to lack trehalose synthase (tps) genes. It remains to be ...
Polkinghorne J C - - 2004
Argument about the ethical possibility of the therapeutic use of embryonic stem cells depends critically on the evaluation of the moral status of the very early embryo. Some assert that at the blastocyst stage it is only potentially human, not yet possessing the full ethical status of personhood, while others ...
Wolfram-Gabel R - - 2004
The microvascularisation of the male urethra was studied in neonates and infants by injection of agarised China ink into the circulation. The purpose of this study was to specify the angioarchitecture of each tunic of the urethral wall. The disposition of the microvascularisation networks varies depending on the urethral parts ...
Rijsselaere T - - 2004
In the present study, sperm distribution in the genital tract of the bitch following artificial insemination (AI) in relation to the time of ovulation was investigated by histology, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and flushing. Ten bitches were inseminated intravaginally with 500 x 10(6) spermatozoa: three dogs before ovulation, four dogs ...
Hamarato─člu Fisun - - 2005
Research from many laboratories over the past several decades indicates that invertebrate oocytes and eggs are extraordinarily difficult to freeze. Since starfish oocytes, eggs, and embryos are an important cell and developmental biology model system, there is great interest to cryopreserve these cells. Previous starfish oocyte cryopreservation studies using slow ...
Elzanaty Saad - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The data on the association between the abstinence period and sperm motility are conflicting. METHODS: Ejaculates from 422 men assessed for infertility were analysed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Seminal plasma neutral alpha-glucosidase (NAG), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), zinc and fructose were measured. Three groups were defined ...
Maciel Gustavo A R - - 2004
Recently, we proposed an oocyte-growth differentiation factor-9 hypothesis that predicts alterations in the initial stages of folliculogenesis in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ovaries. Here, we test this hypothesis by scoring the composition of follicles in normal and PCOS ovaries. Follicles were classified as primordial, transitional primary, classic primary, secondary, and ...
Sugawara Nobuo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We report a very rare case of the successful delivery of a healthy infant fathered by an infertile chimera. METHODS: ICSI was performed using frozen sperm. The karyotypes of peripheral lymphocytes were examined with a G-banding stain. RESULTS: Chromosomal analysis prior to ICSI revealed a 46, XX [28]/46, XY ...
Zhou Zhonghe - - 2004
An embryo of an enantiornithine bird has been recovered from the Lower Cretaceous rocks of Liaoning, in northeast China. The bird has a nearly complete articulated skeleton with feather sheet impressions and is enclosed in egg-shaped confines. The tucking posture of the skeleton suggests that the embryo had attained the ...
Takagi Kyoko - - 2004
99mTc-labeled mannosyl-neoglycoalbumin (NMA) was prepared and evaluated as a radiopharmaceutical for sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification, since 99mTc-labeled human serum albumin (HSA) rapidly cleared from injection sites. NMA was conjugated with 6-hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid (HYNIC) and reacted with [99mTc](tricine)2 to prepare [99mTc](HYNIC-NMA)(tricine)2. After subcutaneous injection of [99mTc](HYNIC-NMA)(tricine)2 from murine foot pad, ...
Silversides F G - - 2004
A total of 2123 eggs obtained from Brown Leghorn hens (unselected since 1965, ISA Brown, commercial brown egg layer) and Babcock hens (commercial white egg layer) at 32, 50, and 68 wk of age were used to investigate relationships among measures of albumen quality and a functional property of albumen. ...
Justine Jean-Lou - - 2004
Three new species of Huffmanela, here described from eggs only, are reported from the gills of marine fish caught off Nouméa, New Caledonia. Eggs of Huffmanela branchialis n. sp., from Nemipterus furcosus (Nemipteridae), are 45-52 (mean 48) microm in length and 23-30 (mean 25) microm in width, with thin shells. ...
Tiitinen A - - 2004
The most relevant standard of success in IVF has been discussed widely. An optimal standard should reflect both the risk aspects and the effectiveness of the treatment. The most important parameter for the couple is the ultimate cumulative delivery rate per started cycle. Even if the long-term follow-up of the ...
Tetsuka Masafumi - - 2004
This study describes the morphological and morphometrical changes associated with prepubertal ovarian development in the Antarctic minke whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis). Ovaries were harvested from 94 immature minke whales caught in the Antarctic Ocean during the summer feeding season (December-March). Notable differences in ovarian size and morphology were found among animals. ...
Reissig E Chang - - 2004
1. The hatching success and embryonic mortality of 724 lesser rhea eggs from 12 farms in northern Patagonia, Argentina were monitored during the 2000 breeding season. 2. Average infertility was 24.5%, embryonic mortality was 33.5%, hatchability of fertile eggs was 66.5% and the neonatal mortality was 57.0%. There were large ...
Ringwood A H - - 2004
The purpose of these studies was to evaluate if there were relationships between lysosomal destabilization or glutathione concentrations and gamete viability of oysters, Crassostrea virginica. Oysters were collected from field sites during the peak spawning period (May-June) during 2001 and 2002. Lysosomal destabilization rates and glutathione concentrations of hepatopancreas tissues ...
Tian Hua - - 2004
Genetic analyses in Drosophila have demonstrated that a transmembrane protein Dispatched (Disp) is required for the release of lipid-modified Hedgehog (Hh) protein from Hh secreting cells. Analysis of Disp1 null mutant embryos has demonstrated that Disp1 plays a key role in hedgehog signaling in the early mouse embryo. Here we ...
Nestor K E - - 2004
A line (E) of turkeys selected long term (40 generations) for increased egg production was reciprocally crossed with a commercial dam line (BD). The BD line was larger and had better conformation than the E line, but the E line laid more eggs than the BD line. Heterosis was negative ...
Walmsley S E - - 2004
The effect of transferring ovine IVP embryos on Day 2 versus Day 6 postinsemination was investigated. Oocytes were collected from 35 cull ewes and cultured separately for each donor. Embryos were exposed to serum in the maturation and fertilization media, and then cultured in a serum-free SOF system under serum-conditioned ...
Tsui Martin T K - - 2004
We examined maternal transfer efficiency, retention by subsequent generations, and transgenerational toxicity of methylmercury (CH3Hg or MeHg) in a population of freshwater zooplankton (Daphnia magna). The effect of dietary MeHg residence time in the daphnids on the efflux system also was quantified. After ingesting a relatively high dosage of MeHg, ...
Schieve Laura A - - 2004
As assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) are increasingly used to overcome infertility, there is concern about the health of the children conceived. The empirical evidence for associations with outcomes related to child health is variable and should be evaluated with consideration of methodological shortcomings. Currently, there is convincing evidence that ART ...
Wright Victoria Clay - - 2004
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States to determine medical center-specific pregnancy success rates, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs ...
Diaz Rodrigo - - 2004
The effects of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, populations and its predation of bollworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), and beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner), (both Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs were evaluated in cotton under field conditions during 2001 and 2002 in ...
Lahlou Najiba - - 2004
Klinefelter syndrome is a major cause of infertility in the male. Nevertheless, pregnancies were recently obtained by intracytoplasmic injection of sperm retrieved by surgery or ejaculation, underscoring the need to understand the role of Sertoli and Leydig cell secretions during development. In 18 infants with prenatally diagnosed homogenous 47,XXY karyotype, ...
Haigo Kosuke - - 2004
The golden hamster is a mammal in which microinjection of round spermatids into oocytes (ROSI) was first attempted. However, no live ROSI offspring have ever been obtained in this species. This is the first report of live hamster offspring obtained by round spermatid injection. Over 90% of oocytes, injected with ...
Cheng Winton - - 2004
Addition of NaCl at 2.5% to 3.5% to tryptic soy broth (TSB) significantly increased the growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Taiwan abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta held in 30 per thousand seawater were injected with V. parahaemolyticus grown in TSB containing NaCl at 0.5, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5% at a dose ...
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