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Results 401 - 450 of 753
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Batista M - - 2006
Twenty-two pregnant goats of the Canarian breed were administered 10 mg of the prostaglandin analogue luprostiol intramuscular (IM) on day 145 of pregnancy; seventeen pregnant goats were injected IM with saline solution the same day. Twenty hours after luprostiol application, goats were continuously observed in order to record the following ...
Manni Lucia - - 2006
Colonial ascidians offer opportunities to investigate how developmental events are integrated to generate the animal form, since they can develop similar individuals (oozooids from eggs, blastozooids from pluripotent somatic cells) through very different reproductive processes, i.e. embryogenesis and blastogenesis. Moreover, thanks to their key phylogenetic position, they can help in ...
Little Sarah E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the costs of transferring one through five embryos per in vitro fertilization cycle from each of three perspectives: society, the infertile couple, and the insurer. METHODS: Data from the 2003 Assisted Reproductive Technology Report was used to create Markov decision analytic models stratified by maternal ...
el-Sayed Kamelia Abass - - 2006
The aqueous extract of the sea anemone Parasicyonis actinostoloides showed molluscicidal effect against vector snails of Schistosoma hacematobium and Fasciola gigantica after 24 hours of exposure. LC50) and LC90 values for P. actinostoloides were 40 & 78.6 ppm for B. runcatus and 46.6 & 86.5 ppm for L. natalensis respectively. ...
Ketoh Guillaume K - - 2006
The insecticidal activity of crude essential oil extracted from Cymbopogon schoenanthus and of its main constituent, piperitone, was assessed on different developmental stages of Callosobruchus maculatus. Piperitone was more toxic to adults with a LC(50) value of 1.6 microl/l vs. 2.7 microl/l obtained with the crude extract. Piperitone inhibited the ...
Nakamatsu Y - - 2006
Koinobiont parasitoids utilize nutrients obtained from hosts that contine to feed and grow after parasitization. However, if the ecdysis of early host instars is prevented, parasitized larvae will fail to grow large enough to support the development of the parasitoid brood and both organisms will perish. When L5 instar larvae ...
- - 2006
The International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technology's 7th World Report for the year 2000 analyzes wide variations in live and multiple birth rates from 49 countries and six regions by type of assisted reproductive technology, age, number of embryos transferred, and multiple births. More than 460,157 procedures resulted in ...
Wright Victoria Clay - - 2006
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory ...
Tummon Ian S - - 2006
Frozen-thawed embryos accounted for 39% (249 of 639) of live births from 931 consecutive first oocyte retrievals after median follow-up of 6.5 years with consistent use of pronuclear-stage freezing and cleavage-stage transfer. Survival after thaw was 95% (2,129 of 2,247). Implantation and live birth rates per individual frozen-thawed embryo transfered ...
Yong Hwan Yul - - 2006
As a method of producing transgenic animals, spermatozoa have been used to fertilize mammalian oocytes through natural copulation, artificial insemination (AI), and in vitro fertilization (IVF). Our objective was to produce live piglets expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) by the modified ICSI procedure based on Yong et al. ...
Schuffner A - - 2006
This case reports a delivery of a child with limb and renal malformations following intracytoplasmic sperm injection. A 29-year-old woman and a 39-year-old man with primary infertility underwent IVF-ICSI-ET therapy cycle. The couple delivered an infant with acrorenal syndrome. When assisted reproductive techniques are used, especially ICSI, the risk of ...
Al-Mathal Ebtesam Mohammad - - 2006
Commiphora molmol (Myrrh) has molluscicidal effect on Biomphalaria arabica snails at low concentration (40 ppm) after 48 hours exposure. The number of dead-snails increased with increasing the time of exposure. One day-old egg masses were more susceptible (death 100% with 80ppm) to the ovicidal effect of C. molmol than the ...
Clarke Gary N - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate the sperm-immobilizing properties of lemon juice to determine if they are consistent with its traditional contraceptive use. It was found that lemon juice supernatant (LJS) has high osmolality (550-60 mOsm) and low pH (2.2-2.6) and that addition of LJS to semen to ...
Chatonnet F - - 2006
Recent studies help in understanding how the basic organization of brainstem neuronal circuits along the anterior-posterior (AP) axis is set by the Hox-dependent segmentation of the neural tube in vertebrate embryos. Neonatal respiratory abnormalities in Krox20(-/-), Hoxa1(-/-) and kreisler mutant mice indicate the vital role of a para-facial (Krox20-dependent, rhombomere ...
Nyboe Andersen Anders - - 2006
The European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) has monitored Assisted Reproduction in Europe since 1997. In 2001, 579 clinics from 23 countries reported 289,690 treatment cycles with: in vitro fertilization (IVF) 120,946, intracytoplasmatisk sperm injection (ICSI) 114,378, frozen embryo replacements (FER) 47,195 and egg donation (ED) 7,171. Intrauterine ...
Yeager Ronnie L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effect of 670-nm light therapy on dioxin-induced embryonic mortality in chickens (Gallus gallus). BACKGROUND DATA: Developmental photobiomodulation using 670-nm light-emitting diode (LED) arrays improves hatching success and increases body size in hatchling chickens. Photobiomodulation also stimulates signaling pathways resulting in improved energy metabolism, antioxidant production and ...
Castoldi Mirco - - 2006
Xklp1 is a chromosome-associated kinesin required for Xenopus early embryonic cell division. Function blocking experiments in Xenopus egg extracts suggested that it is required for spindle assembly. We have reinvestigated Xklp1 function(s) by monitoring spindle assembly and microtubule behavior under a range of Xklp1 concentrations in egg extracts. We found ...
Aiku A O - - 2006
AIM: The study evaluated the effect of pyriproxifen treated bednets on mosquito fertility and fecundity in the laboratory. Pyriproxyfen (insect growth regulator) has been considered as a possible tool for management of pyrethroid resistance in mosquitoes. There are documentations of the effectiveness of pyriproxifen in controlling larval development when applied ...
Zhang K - - 2006
Gait alterations of chronic knee arthritis before and after injection of local anesthesia was measured in the orthopedist's office area. A portable gait analyzer was used to evaluate gait characteristics before and after injection of local anesthesia in the chronically arthritic knee. Gait was analyzed during a 400-meter walk. Overall ...
Jiang Xiao-Dong - - 2006
Many estuarine and coastal planktonic copepods depend on the hatching of benthic resting eggs for recruitment of nauplii to the water column population. The potential effects of two organochlorine pesticides, hexchloriobinzene (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), on the recruitment of Acartia pacifica nauplii from benthic resting eggs in the seabed of ...
Riess Jean G - - 2006
The basic properties of perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and PFC emulsions relevant to their use as oxygen delivery systems are briefly reviewed. The key issues related to the selection of an appropriate, readily excretable PFC and the engineering of a stable injectable PFC emulsion are discussed. Oxygent, a terminally heat-sterilized, injectable 60% ...
Bennemann P E - - 2005
This study evaluated the reproductive performance of gilts inseminated at three intervals before ovulation (0-12, 13-23, 24-30 h) with sperm doses (SD) stored for 0-48 and 96-120 h. A total of 218 PIC Camborough 22 gilts were inseminated once with SD of 1.5 x 10(9) sperms. Pregnant gilts (n = ...
Heinz G H - - 2006
We developed a standardized protocol for comparing the sensitivities of the embryos of different bird species to methylmercury when methylmercury was injected into their eggs. During the course of developing this protocol, we investigated the effects of various factors on the toxicity of the injected methylmercury. Most of our experiments ...
Lance Valentine A - - 2006
An American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) breeding facility using male and female alligators raised from artificially incubated eggs was established in 1975. These alligators first reproduced at 6 years of age as compared to 10-12 years in wild alligators, but the eggs produced showed a lower hatching rate than those collected ...
Johnson Joshua - - 2005
Of all the 'certainties' in mammalian female reproductive biology, the concept that a non-renewing oocyte reserve is set forth in the ovaries at birth may be the most longstanding and widely held. However, when data from our studies of oocyte apoptosis unintentionally began to contradict this theory in the latter ...
Ling Erjun - - 2005
In insects, melanotic encapsulation is an important innate immune response against large pathogens or parasites, and phenoloxidase (PO) is a key enzyme in this process. Activation of prophenoloxidase (proPO) to PO is mediated by a serine proteinase cascade. PO has a tendency to adhere to foreign surfaces including hemocyte surfaces. ...
Cheng Qian - - 2005
GlsA, a J-protein chaperone, is required for the asymmetric divisions that set aside germ and somatic cell precursors during embryogenesis in Volvox carteri, and previous evidence indicated that this function requires an intact Hsp70-binding site. To determine if Hsp70A, the only known cytoplasmic Hsp70 in V. carteri, is the chaperone ...
Desai Nina - - 2005
This investigation examined frozen cycle outcomes with the transfer of a single thawed blastocyst. It also aimed to determine if the suggested model could aid in achieving a better understanding of factors that influence success with frozen blastocyst transfer. A retrospective analysis was conducted of single frozen embryo transfer cycles ...
De Smit L - - 2005
Ascites is a metabolic disorder that accounts for over 25% of overall mortality in the broiler industry. This disorder is manifested between wk 5 and 6 posthatch, but there are previous indications that predisposition may be identified during embryonic development. In this current study, we determined embryonic physiological and metabolic ...
Renier Davide - - 2005
Autocrosslinked polysaccharide (ACP) gel is a fully biocompatible cross-linked derivative of hyaluronic acid, which has prolonged in vivo residence time and improved mechanical properties with respect to native hyaluronan for use in various surgical applications. The objective of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetic behaviour of ACP gel in ...
McGraw K J - - 2005
In egg-laying animals, mothers can influence the development of their offspring via the suite of biochemicals they incorporate into the nourishing yolk (e.g. lipids, hormones). However, the long-lasting fitness consequences of this early nutritional environment have often proved elusive. Here, we show that the colorful carotenoid pigments that female zebra ...
D'Anna Kimberly L KL Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2005
Lactating female mice fiercely defend offspring while exhibiting decreased fear and anxiety. Recent work (J. S. Lonstein & S. C. Gammie, 2002) found that intracerebroventricular (icv) injections of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), a putative anxiogenic peptide, inhibit maternal defense behavior. This study examines effects of CRF-related peptides, urocortin (Ucn) 1 ...
Wright Victoria Clay - - 2005
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory ...
Shiota Kohei - - 2005
In vitro fertilization (IVF) and other assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are effective treatments for infertility and are widely provided at infertility clinics. Although IVF and related ART procedures are generally considered safe, some studies have suggested an excess occurrence of major malformations, low birth-weight and other perinatal complications in babies ...
Wilson Ellen E - - 2005
Since the first in vitro fertilization infant was born in England in 1978, the practice of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has steadily increased as the technology and success rates have improved. The incidence of multiple gestations has also increased, primarily owing to the practice of transferring multiple embryos during an ...
Fair S - - 2005
Ewe breed has been shown to have a major effect on pregnancy rates following cervical AI using frozen-thawed semen. The main objective of this study was to examine the differences between purebred Belclare and Suffolk ewes (multiparous) in fertilization rate, number of accessory sperm and stage of embryo development on ...
Isaacs Rufus - - 2005
The insect growth regulators (IGRs) tebufenozide and methoxyfenozide and the broad-spectrum insecticides azinphosmethyl, carbaryl, and fenpropathrin were compared for their activity against adult, egg, and larval stages of the grape berry moth, Endopiza viteana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), under laboratory and vineyard conditions. Adult mortality was not affected by exposure to ...
Levi Setti Paolo Emanuele - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the first birth after transfer of cryopreserved embryos generated by intracytoplasmic sperm injection of cryopreserved testicular spermatozoa into cryopreserved human oocytes. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary center for reproductive technology. PATIENT(S): A 36-year-old woman with primary infertility of 3 years' duration and a 37-year-old man with congenital ...
Mathews Peter V - - 2005
Subacromial bursa injection is commonly performed via an anterolateral or posterior approach. No study has compared the accuracy rates of these approaches. Twenty cadaveric shoulders were injected with radiocontrast in the subacromial bursa via an anterolateral approach and twenty via a posterior approach. Ten shoulders were injected with methylene blue ...
Godfrey R W - - 2005
The breeding soundness evaluation (BSE) was used to evaluate Senepol (Bos taurus) bulls (n = 495) on St. Croix over a 7-year period. Young, unproven bulls (10-26 months of age) and breeding bulls (16 months to 8.5 years) were tested prior to sale or use in breeding. Inbreeding coefficients were ...
Diez Carmen - - 2005
The nuclear stage at which oocytes are cryopreserved influences further development ability and cryopreservation affects ultrastructure of both cumulus cells and the oocyte. In this work, we analyze the effects of vitrification at different nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation stages on the oocyte ultrastructure and developmental ability. Culture in TCM199 + ...
Matsuda Hideo - - 2005
Parvovirus B19-infected hydrops fetalis was treated using gammaglobulin injection into the peritoneal cavity (GIFPeC) with B19-IgG-rich immunoglobulin. Fetal anemia and hydrops resolved, and B19-DNA in fetal ascites decreased despite no change in maternal B19-IgG or B19-DNA. Gammaglobulin injection into the peritoneal cavity is thus useful for treating hydrops fetalis while ...
Murakami Masao - - 2005
Interspecies nuclear transfer (NT) could be an alternative to replicate animals when supply of recipient oocytes is limited or in vitro embryo production systems are incomplete. In the present study, embryonic development was assessed following interspecies NT of donor cumulus cells derived from yak and dog into the recipient ooplasm ...
Caprioli Manuela - - 2004
In response to drought bdelloid and monogonont rotifers undergo anhydrobiosis and are assumed to synthesize protective chemicals, which are commonly sugars. In contrast to most anhydrobionts, bdelloids have earlier been shown to lack trehalose as protective chemical, and more importantly to lack trehalose synthase (tps) genes. It remains to be ...
Polkinghorne J C - - 2004
Argument about the ethical possibility of the therapeutic use of embryonic stem cells depends critically on the evaluation of the moral status of the very early embryo. Some assert that at the blastocyst stage it is only potentially human, not yet possessing the full ethical status of personhood, while others ...
Wolfram-Gabel R - - 2004
The microvascularisation of the male urethra was studied in neonates and infants by injection of agarised China ink into the circulation. The purpose of this study was to specify the angioarchitecture of each tunic of the urethral wall. The disposition of the microvascularisation networks varies depending on the urethral parts ...
Rijsselaere T - - 2004
In the present study, sperm distribution in the genital tract of the bitch following artificial insemination (AI) in relation to the time of ovulation was investigated by histology, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and flushing. Ten bitches were inseminated intravaginally with 500 x 10(6) spermatozoa: three dogs before ovulation, four dogs ...
Hamarato─člu Fisun - - 2005
Research from many laboratories over the past several decades indicates that invertebrate oocytes and eggs are extraordinarily difficult to freeze. Since starfish oocytes, eggs, and embryos are an important cell and developmental biology model system, there is great interest to cryopreserve these cells. Previous starfish oocyte cryopreservation studies using slow ...
Elzanaty Saad - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The data on the association between the abstinence period and sperm motility are conflicting. METHODS: Ejaculates from 422 men assessed for infertility were analysed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Seminal plasma neutral alpha-glucosidase (NAG), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), zinc and fructose were measured. Three groups were defined ...
Maciel Gustavo A R - - 2004
Recently, we proposed an oocyte-growth differentiation factor-9 hypothesis that predicts alterations in the initial stages of folliculogenesis in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ovaries. Here, we test this hypothesis by scoring the composition of follicles in normal and PCOS ovaries. Follicles were classified as primordial, transitional primary, classic primary, secondary, and ...
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