Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 790
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Sugimura Tetsu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antibody response to influenza vaccine is limited in early. Infants have poorer hemagglutination-inhibiting antibody responses than 12-month-old. Intradermal administration reportedly elicited immune responses similar to or better than a standard intramuscular dose. We hypothesized that intradermal injection could achieve a better response in infants than subcutaneous injection. METHODS: We ...
Abe Yasuyuki - - 2008
Preimplantation development of canine embryos is not well understood. To understand the timing of preattachment embryogenesis relative to the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge, early embryonic development was examined in Labrador Retrievers after artificial insemination. The embryos migrated from the oviduct to the uterus beginning on day 11 after the LH ...
Brown Austin L - - 2008
Glass microelectrodes (also called pipettes) have been a workhorse of electrophysiology for decades. Today, such pipettes are made from glass capillaries using a programmable puller. Such instruments heat the capillary using either a metal filament or a laser and draw out the glass using gravity, a motor or both. Pipettes ...
Chwastowska-Siwiecka I - - 2008
In the present study, microwave thawing was compared with conventional thawing in atmospheric air. It was found that the quality of intramuscular lipids, reflected in the acid value, deteriorated during six-month deep-freeze storage, irrespective of the thawing method. The sensory quality of m. longissimus dorsi was related to the thawing ...
Tanaka Seiji - - 2008
Hatchling body color and size of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, are determined by the population density of the mothers during their reproductive period. Smaller green hatchlings are produced by adults at low population density (solitarious conditions) and larger dark hatchlings at high population density (gregarious conditions). One claim states ...
Brand Z - - 2007
The ostrich industry experiences a high rate of embryonic mortalities during artificial incubation of eggs. Embryonic deaths were studied from data recorded on 37,740 fertile eggs incubated artificially during the 1998-2005 breeding seasons. Roughly 10,000 eggs that sustained embryonic mortalities were classified according to the stage and nature of death, ...
Kienstra Kirsten A - - 2007
The ability to perform murine neonatal intravascular injections likely will prove useful in studying many newborn-specific disease states that are modeled in mice. Unfortunately, effective intravascular injection in the neonatal mouse has been limited by developmental immaturity and small size. To establish a mouse model of neonatal intravascular injection, C57Bl/6 ...
Martinez-Lopez Emma - - 2007
Most organochlorine (OC) use has been banned in Spain, but these compounds are persistent and may still adversely affect predatory birds. Data generally are lacking, however. Residues of hexachlorobenzene, alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane, lindane, hexachloro-octahydro-epoxy-dimethanonaphthalene, DDT, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in 22 failed eggs of booted eagles (Hieraaetus ...
Gunasekaran D - - 2007
Administration of unnecessary Intramuscular (i.m.) Injections to infants for trivial illness is a common problem. This descriptive study included 120 infants who received at least one i.m. injection for their current illness. Data were collected using semi structured questionnaire to their mothers. 91% of infants received unnecessary i.m. injections for ...
Rahman Mohammad Anisur - - 2007
The present study was conducted to determine the mechanism of chalaza formation in eggs of the Japanese quail Coturnix japonica and to determine the production site of chalaza materials in the oviduct. Electrophoretic profiles of the chalaza materials showed six bands of 480, 320, 210, 180, 96, and 58 kDa ...
Wang Ling - - 2008
Polar body formation in oocytes is an extreme form of asymmetric cell division, but what regulates the asymmetric spindle positioning and cytokinesis is poorly understood. During mouse oocyte maturation, the metaphase I spindle forms at the center but then moves to the cortex prior to anaphase I and first polar ...
Fernandez-Miyakawa Mariano E ME California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, San Bernardino Branch, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, 105 W Central Avenue, San Bernardino, CA 92408, - - 2008
Epsilon toxin (ETX) is the most important virulence factor of Clostridium perfringens type D. Two other important toxins, alpha toxin (CPA) and perfringolysin-O (PFO), are encoded and potentially produced by most C. perfringens type D isolates. The biological effects of these toxins are dissimilar although they are all lethal. Since ...
Donoso P - - 2007
Our objective was to establish which is the best sperm retrieval technique in non-obstructive azoospermia based on the available evidence. To date, no randomized controlled trial has compared the efficiency of these strategies and thus current recommendations are based on cumulative evidence provided by descriptive, observational and controlled studies. Three ...
Kawahara Manabu M Department of BioScience, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8502, - - 2007
Mammalian development to adulthood typically requires both maternal and paternal genomes, because genomic imprinting places stringent limitations on mammalian development, strictly precluding parthenogenesis. Here we report the generation of bi-maternal embryos that develop at a high success rate equivalent to the rate obtained with in vitro fertilization of normal embryos. ...
Ipp Moshe - - 2007
To compare acute pain response during immunisation in infants using a slow standard of care injection technique versus a rapid pragmatic technique. Randomised controlled trial. Single-centre, urban paediatric primary care practice. Healthy infants 4-6 months of age receiving their routine DPTaP-Hib immunisation. Standard of care group: slow aspiration prior to ...
Dong Qiaoxiang - - 2007
The consequences of UVB and UVA irradiation on hatch rate, mortality, and malformation were studied in embryonic zebrafish (Danio rerio). The use of zebrafish embryos has expanded from traditional developmental models to diverse studies, including many techniques utilizing light exposure. To characterize useful indicators of photodamage, the responses and threshold ...
Jones Russell C - - 2007
Although it is generally understood that the testes recruited kidney ducts for reproductive function during the evolution of vertebrates, little is understood of the biological significance of the adaptation. In the context of the evolution of the mammalian epididymis, this report provides evidence that a major role of the epididymis ...
Weiss Avery H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To document refractive status and visual acuity before and after intralesional corticosteroid injection in children with astigmatism induced by periocular capillary hemangioma (PCH). DESIGN: Retrospective, interocular comparison, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen infants with anisometropic astigmatism of at least 1.50 diopters (D) induced by PCH. INTERVENTION: All infants had ...
Karlström P O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reduction of the number of embryos transferred has been introduced to decrease the multiple birth rates (MBRs) after IVF and the associated risks for the children. The aim of this report is to present the effect of two steps in reduction of the number of embryos transferred, when applied ...
Imai Yoshiyuki - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: In vivo study of the effect of an injection of recombinant human osteogenic protein-1 into degenerated discs induced by chondroitinase ABC. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of an injection of recombinant human osteogenic protein-1 to induce the recovery of disc height, and biochemical and histologic repair, in discs ...
Kloeters Oliver - - 2007
Impaired reepithelialization is a hallmark of chronic, ischemic wounds; however, the pathogenesis of the delayed reepithelialization in these wounds remains poorly understood. Transforming growth factor beta is involved in both the normal and hypoxic wound-healing response and exogenous overexpression of Smad3, which has been known to accelerate reepithelialization. Recently, it ...
Haroun Huda M - - 2007
This study aimed to determine the level of infant and under-five mortality rates and to examine the effect of socioeconomic, demographic and environmental factors on the health status of the children under five years. The data for this study were collected by means of a questionnaire addressed to women in ...
Ivanenko Yuri P - - 2007
Surprisingly, despite millions of years of bipedal walking evolution, the gravity-related pendulum mechanism of walking does not seem to be implemented at the onset of independent walking, requiring each toddler to develop it. We discuss the precursor of the mature locomotor pattern in infants as an optimal starting point strategy ...
Peiró R - - 2007
The aim of this work is to study early embryo survival and development in 2 lines divergently selected for high and low uterine capacity throughout 10 generations. A total of 162 female rabbits from the high line and 133 from the low line were slaughtered at 25, 48, or 62 ...
Brown G P - - 2007
The underlying genetic basis of life-history traits in free-ranging animals is critical to the effects of selection on such traits, but logistical constraints mean that such data are rarely available. Our long-term ecological studies on free-ranging oviparous snakes (keelbacks, Tropidonophis mairii (Gray, 1841), Colubridae) on an Australian floodplain provide the ...
Penha Fernando M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of subretinal injections of indocyanine green (ICG), trypan blue, glucose (GL), and balanced salt solution (BSS) in rabbits. DESIGN: Experimental study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty Dutch-belted rabbits. METHODS: Ten animals underwent vitrectomy and subretinal injection of 0.02 ml of either 0.05% ICG (279 milliosmoles [mOsm]), 0.15% trypan ...
Sweeney T - - 2007
The aim of this experiment was to determine if maternal exposure to octylphenol pre- and/or postnatally influenced FSH concentrations and semen quantity and quality in postpubertal rams. Rams were born to ewes that received twice-weekly s.c. injections of octylphenol equivalent to 1000microg/kg/day for one of the following periods: (1) day ...
Barnes Andrew I - - 2007
In many species of invertebrates that mate multiply, mating induces a temporary reduction in sexual receptivity and an increase in the rate of egg laying. These processes often appear to be co-ordinately regulated, and triggered by the passage of seminal fluid components. However, little is known about the mechanisms of ...
Koemtzopoulos Evripides - - 2007
The complexity of the sperm-storing organ (spermatheca) has been hypothesized to reflect sperm competition intensity in several gastropod species. Furthermore, considerable variation in spermathecal morphology has been detected among populations of the same species. The morphological variation of the fertilization pouch was studied in five populations of the simultaneously hermaphroditic ...
Cooke Delwyn G - - 2007
Lysozymes (3.2.1.17) from goose (Anser anser) egg white, turkey (Melagris gallopavo) egg white, phage T4 and human milk were compared with hen egg white lysozyme in their ability to clear a suspension of Micrococcus lysodeikticus. All of the lysozymes, except hen egg white lysozyme, catalysed the clearing of the Micrococcus ...
Greenfeld Chuck R - - 2007
Mammalian females are endowed with a finite number of primordial follicles at birth or shortly thereafter. Immediately following the formation of the primordial follicle pool, cohorts of these follicles are recruited to begin growth, and this recruitment continues until the primordial follicle population is depleted. Once recruited, a follicle will ...
Luna Martha - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sex ratio of offspring born after blastocyst transfers. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. SETTING: A large assisted reproductive technology center. PATIENT(S): We included 1,284 offspring from 937 deliveries during the period August 2003-August 2005. INTERVENTION(S): Tabulation and statistical analysis of all births resulting from fresh IVF cycles. ...
Comhaire Frank H - - 2007
The relationship between fertility and pollution is unclear. We evaluated sperm quality of 562 candidate donors (years 1977-2004), births rates (births), pollutants, and the number of females in reproductive age (NFRA, 20-39 years) in Flanders. Total sperm count did not change significantly with time. Births correlated with sperm morphology (r=0.60, ...
Davenport P W PW Department of Physiological Sciences, University of Florida, P.O. Box 100144, HSC, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. - - 2007
We have shown previously in normal subjects that a sensory measure, the Urge-to-Cough rating, increases at concentrations of inhaled capsaicin that are lower than those necessary to elicit reflex cough. This finding suggests that the Urge-to-Cough may represent an index of the cough response. Research on cough in the human ...
Forbes Valery E - - 2007
This study presents results of the effects of bisphenol A (BPA) on adult egg production, egg hatchability, egg development rates and juvenile growth rates in the freshwater gastropod, Marisa cornuarietis. We observed no adult mortality, substantial inter-snail variability in reproductive output, and no effects of BPA on reproduction during 12 ...
Roca J - - 2006
Optimal sperm cryopreservation is a prerequisite for the sustainable commercial application of frozen-thawed boar semen for AI. Three experiments were performed to identify factors influencing variability of postthaw sperm survival among 464 boar ejaculates. Sperm-rich ejaculate fractions were cryopre-served using a standard freezing-thawing procedure for 0.5-mL plastic straws and computer-controlled ...
Batista M - - 2006
Twenty-two pregnant goats of the Canarian breed were administered 10 mg of the prostaglandin analogue luprostiol intramuscular (IM) on day 145 of pregnancy; seventeen pregnant goats were injected IM with saline solution the same day. Twenty hours after luprostiol application, goats were continuously observed in order to record the following ...
Manni Lucia - - 2006
Colonial ascidians offer opportunities to investigate how developmental events are integrated to generate the animal form, since they can develop similar individuals (oozooids from eggs, blastozooids from pluripotent somatic cells) through very different reproductive processes, i.e. embryogenesis and blastogenesis. Moreover, thanks to their key phylogenetic position, they can help in ...
Little Sarah E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the costs of transferring one through five embryos per in vitro fertilization cycle from each of three perspectives: society, the infertile couple, and the insurer. METHODS: Data from the 2003 Assisted Reproductive Technology Report was used to create Markov decision analytic models stratified by maternal ...
el-Sayed Kamelia Abass - - 2006
The aqueous extract of the sea anemone Parasicyonis actinostoloides showed molluscicidal effect against vector snails of Schistosoma hacematobium and Fasciola gigantica after 24 hours of exposure. LC50) and LC90 values for P. actinostoloides were 40 & 78.6 ppm for B. runcatus and 46.6 & 86.5 ppm for L. natalensis respectively. ...
Ketoh Guillaume K - - 2006
The insecticidal activity of crude essential oil extracted from Cymbopogon schoenanthus and of its main constituent, piperitone, was assessed on different developmental stages of Callosobruchus maculatus. Piperitone was more toxic to adults with a LC(50) value of 1.6 microl/l vs. 2.7 microl/l obtained with the crude extract. Piperitone inhibited the ...
Nakamatsu Y - - 2006
Koinobiont parasitoids utilize nutrients obtained from hosts that contine to feed and grow after parasitization. However, if the ecdysis of early host instars is prevented, parasitized larvae will fail to grow large enough to support the development of the parasitoid brood and both organisms will perish. When L5 instar larvae ...
- - 2006
The International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technology's 7th World Report for the year 2000 analyzes wide variations in live and multiple birth rates from 49 countries and six regions by type of assisted reproductive technology, age, number of embryos transferred, and multiple births. More than 460,157 procedures resulted in ...
Wright Victoria Clay - - 2006
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory ...
Tummon Ian S - - 2006
Frozen-thawed embryos accounted for 39% (249 of 639) of live births from 931 consecutive first oocyte retrievals after median follow-up of 6.5 years with consistent use of pronuclear-stage freezing and cleavage-stage transfer. Survival after thaw was 95% (2,129 of 2,247). Implantation and live birth rates per individual frozen-thawed embryo transfered ...
Yong Hwan Yul - - 2006
As a method of producing transgenic animals, spermatozoa have been used to fertilize mammalian oocytes through natural copulation, artificial insemination (AI), and in vitro fertilization (IVF). Our objective was to produce live piglets expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) by the modified ICSI procedure based on Yong et al. ...
Schuffner A - - 2006
This case reports a delivery of a child with limb and renal malformations following intracytoplasmic sperm injection. A 29-year-old woman and a 39-year-old man with primary infertility underwent IVF-ICSI-ET therapy cycle. The couple delivered an infant with acrorenal syndrome. When assisted reproductive techniques are used, especially ICSI, the risk of ...
Al-Mathal Ebtesam Mohammad - - 2006
Commiphora molmol (Myrrh) has molluscicidal effect on Biomphalaria arabica snails at low concentration (40 ppm) after 48 hours exposure. The number of dead-snails increased with increasing the time of exposure. One day-old egg masses were more susceptible (death 100% with 80ppm) to the ovicidal effect of C. molmol than the ...
Clarke Gary N - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate the sperm-immobilizing properties of lemon juice to determine if they are consistent with its traditional contraceptive use. It was found that lemon juice supernatant (LJS) has high osmolality (550-60 mOsm) and low pH (2.2-2.6) and that addition of LJS to semen to ...
Chatonnet F - - 2006
Recent studies help in understanding how the basic organization of brainstem neuronal circuits along the anterior-posterior (AP) axis is set by the Hox-dependent segmentation of the neural tube in vertebrate embryos. Neonatal respiratory abnormalities in Krox20(-/-), Hoxa1(-/-) and kreisler mutant mice indicate the vital role of a para-facial (Krox20-dependent, rhombomere ...
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