Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 790
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Bekler Cigdem - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and morbidities of Chlamydia trachomatis infections in newborn infants. Tissue culture and direct immunofluorescence (DIF) tests were used to detect the presence of nasopharyngeal C. trachomatis infection in 35 preterm and 21 healthy term neonates. All infants were followed up ...
Caleo Grazia M - - 2012
During 2010, a community-based, sentinel site prospective surveillance system measured mortality, acute malnutrition prevalence, and the coverage of a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) intervention in four sous-préfectures of Lobaye prefecture in southwestern Central African Republic. We describe this surveillance system and its evaluation. Within 24 randomly selected sentinel sites, home ...
Banerjee Emily - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in birth defects identified through passive and active surveillance systems in Hennepin and Ramsey counties in Minnesota, 2006-2008. This was done by comparing birth defects identified on birth certificates through the Minnesota Department of Health's Office of the State Registrar's ...
Geevarghese Bessey - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection causes respiratory illness in all ages, and is the leading cause of hospitalizations of infants and children around the world. Those at increased risk for severe disease include infants with congenital heart disease, premature infants, children with neuromuscular disease, airway abnormalities, underlying immunodeficiencies and the ...
Khair K B - - 2012
Neonatal septicemia is one of the major health problems throughout the world. Infections are frequent and important cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal period. The objective of the present study was to find out the role of hematologic scoring system (HSS), C-reactive protein (CRP) and haptoglobin in the early ...
Wunderli Werner - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e27483 in vol. 6.].
Kholdi Nahid - - 2012
In this study, we aimed to estimate the prevalence of growth failure and identify the risk factors for this health problem in infants under two years old in Tehran, Iran. Using a cluster sampling method, 2182 infants' health files were randomly selected from eight health centers in Tehran. Growth failure ...
Bristow Benjamin N - - 2012
Despite the endemic nature of Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis infection in regions of the United States (US), there is a lack of data on echinococcosis-related mortality. To measure echinococcosis-associated mortality in the US and assess possible racial/ethnic disparities, we reviewed national-death certificate data for an 18-year period. Echinococcosis-associated deaths ...
Lavoie Pascal M - - 2012
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common chronic lung disease and major risk factor for severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection among preterm infants. The Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is involved in oxidative injury responses in the lungs. Two non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TLR4 gene have been associated with ...
Mikami Katsunaka K Deparment of Psychiatry, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan. - - 2012
Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in human health by influencing metabolic activities that result in the creation of energy and absorbable nutrients, a barrier to the colonization of pathogens, and stimulation of the immune system. The development of fecal microbiota in neonates is crucial because those bacteria are the ...
Owusu-Darko Sharon S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2012
Tetanus is an acute disease manifested by motor system and autonomic nervous system instability. Maternal and neonatal tetanus occur where deliveries are performed under unsanitary circumstances and unhygienic umbilical cord practices are prevalent. Neonatal tetanus is almost always fatal in the absence of medical care. These deaths can be prevented ...
Kouéta Fla - - 2011
Objective: To determine the causes of neonatal deaths and their contributing factors. Material and Methods: We used the "three-delay model" to conduct an audit of the neonatal deaths that occurred between January 2006 and December 2010 at the Charles de Gaulle University Pediatric Hospital, in Ouagadougou. Results: The neonatal mortality ...
Bharti Gaurav - - 2011
Neonates rely on the nasal airway for their source of air; thus, any compromise in the ability to inhale will dramatically alter their ability to breathe. Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis is a rare yet serious form of airway obstruction due to overgrowth of the maxilla at the medial nasal ...
Waisman Dan - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring ventilated infants is difficult during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). This study tested the possible causes of hypoxemic episodes using a new method for monitoring chest wall movement during HFOV in newborn infants. METHODS: Three miniature motion sensors were attached to both sides of the chest and to the ...
Williams Helen - - 2011
Surgical intervention in fetal spina bifida developed from the belief that amniotic fluid damages the spinal cord in utero and low spinal pressure from failure of neural tube closure causes hindbrain herniation leading to hydrocephalus after birth for many infants with open spinal lesions. Intrauterine intervention is undergoing a randomised ...
Raghuveer Talkad S - - 2011
Appropriate resuscitation must be available for each of the more than 4 million infants born annually in the United States. Ninety percent of infants transition safely, and it is up to the physician to assess risk factors, identify the nearly 10 percent of infants who need resuscitation, and respond appropriately. ...
Salvo Vincenzo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Data comparing the effectiveness of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and of conventional mechanical ventilation in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome of very low birth weight infants are, to date, still matter of debate. We investigated the effects of first intention high-frequency oscillatory ventilation or conventional mechanical ventilation support on ...
Fonte Miguel - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Videolaryngoscopy has been developed mainly to assist difficult airway intubation. However, there is a lack of studies demonstrating the real efficacy of its use in children. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that GlideScope (Verathon Inc, Bothell, Wash) videolaryngoscope improves tracheal intubation when used by pediatric residents in ...
Hall N J - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of trans-anastomotic tube (TAT) feeding on outcome following repair of congenital duodenal obstruction (CDO). METHODS: Retrospective comparative study of all infants with CDO over 10 years. Data are median (range). Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test were used. RESULTS: Of 55 infants with CDO (48 ...
Dumond Alison Artico - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To determine the incidence of perfusion-related complications associated with indwelling femoral artery monitoring catheters in neonates and infants following introduction of a 2.5-Fr diameter, 5-cm length, polyethylene catheter (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN) to our unit. DESIGN:: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING:: Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit in a university-affiliated ...
Willis Mark W - - 2011
To determine how often the pediatric otolaryngology service is involved in the initial care of infants with an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE), to assess the usefulness of bronchoscopy and laryngoscopy in diagnosing the underlying etiology, and to describe the long-term airway outcomes and whether these patients were seen by the ...
McCallie K R - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a standardized enteral feeding protocol for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants on nutritional, clinical and growth outcomes. Retrospective analysis of VLBW cohorts 9 months before and after initiation of a standardized feeding protocol consisting of 6-8 days of ...
Matheson S M - - 2011
Lamb mortality remains a significant welfare and economic issue for sheep production. Lamb survival is to a degree dependent upon an easy delivery and the expression of appropriate behaviours from both mother and offspring, such as rapid standing, udder seeking and sucking by the lamb. Genetic solutions have the potential ...
Matoba N N 1Division of Neonatology, Children's Memorial Hospital, and Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, - - 2011
Fetal growth restriction is a risk factor for development of adulthood diseases, but the biological mechanism of this association remains unknown. Limited biomarkers have been studied in settings of preterm birth and maternal inflammation, but the relationship between a wide range of immune biomarkers and fetal growth has not been ...
Chen Chien-Fu - - 2011
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative began promoting exclusive breast-feeding in 2001 in Taiwan; however, few studies have investigated its impact. This study evaluated the influence of breast-feeding on Taiwanese neonates with regard to the frequency of jaundice, body weight loss (BWL), and elimination of both urine and stool. The medical records ...
Schibler A - - 2011
PURPOSE: To describe the change in ventilatory practice in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in the 5-year period after the introduction of high-flow nasal prong (HFNP) therapy in infants <24 months of age. Additionally, to identify the patient subgroups on HFNP requiring escalation of therapy to either other non-invasive ...
Cu Sharon R - - 2011
To review data on a cohort of infants with cleft palate to (1) determine rates of gastrostomy (G)-tube placement, (2) identify contributing comorbidities, and (3) use relative risk analyses to improve management of cleft palate in infants with feeding difficulty. Retrospective medical record review. Tertiary care children's hospital. Infants with ...
Armstrong Ruth K - - 2011
PURPOSE: Synchronised volume-targeted ventilation (SIPPV + VTV) attempts to reduce lung injury by standardising volume delivery to the preterm lung. The aim of this study is to describe the regional distribution and variability of ventilation within the preterm lung during SIPPV + VTV. METHODS: Twenty-seven stable, supine, preterm infants with <32 weeks gestation receiving SIPPV + VTV ...
Komasawa Nobuyasu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent resuscitation guidelines for infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) emphasize that all rescuers should minimize interruption of chest compressions, even for endotracheal intubation. We compared the utility of the Miller laryngoscope (Mil) with Airtraq (ATQ) during chest compression in an infant manikin. METHODS: Twenty staff doctors in intensive care and ...
Helou Sabah - - 2011
Nasal CPAP using Hudson prongs (Teleflex Medical, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina) with a Velcro mustache is frequently used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). We recently began to use these prongs in our unit as a means of providing CPAP. We report on two premature infants who required ...
Hartman Robert J - - 2011
Nonsyndromic atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs) are serious congenital heart defects for which information on prevalence and descriptive characteristics based on large, geographically, and ethnically diverse populations has been limited. To describe the birth prevalence and phenotype of nonsyndromic AVSDs, we used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), ...
Merrill J D - - 2011
Objective:Many premature infants at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia experience episodes of surfactant dysfunction with reduced surfactant protein B (SP-B). In this study, we investigated the safety and responses to booster doses of surfactant.Study Design:A total of 87 infants, 500 to 1250 g birth weight, who were ventilated at 7 to 10 ...
Fleming S E - - 2011
Objective:Umbilical catheter placement is a routine neonatal emergency procedure that has large variability in technical methods. Commonly used methods are unable to accurately estimate insertion lengths, and X-rays cannot always identify malpositioned catheters. In clinical practice, the placement of umbilical lines takes time away from nursing during a critical transition ...
Hwang Yea-Shwu - - 2011
Objective: To identify the influence of various physiological and behavioral factors on feeding performance of preterm infants in the transition to full oral feeding. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from a feeding assessment conducted on 24 preterm infants born at 25-31 weeks without severe brain complications. Results: Prolonged oxygen use ...
Haponiuk Ireneusz - - 2011
There are several strategies of surgical approach for the repair of multiple muscular ventricular septal defects (mVSDs), but none leads to a fully predictable, satisfactory therapeutic outcome in infants. We followed a concept of treating multiple mVSDs consisting of a hybrid approach based on intraoperative perventricular implantation of occluding devices. ...
Al-Zubeidi Dina - - 2011
Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) is a craniofacial anomaly characterized by a triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and cleft palate. Infants with PRS frequently have feeding problems that may require supplemental nutrition through a nasogastric or gastrostomy tube. Very few published studies have illustrated the most appropriate method for securing an enteral ...
Fuchs H - - 2011
Introduction Delivery room management using early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) may delay surfactant therapy. Objective To identify factors associated with early nCPAP failure and effects of various intubation criteria on rate and time of intubation. Design Retrospective analysis of the first 48 h in infants of 23-28 weeks ...
Aiello Vera Demarchi - - 2011
We describe two infants having an atrioventricular septal defect in the setting of a double inlet atrioventricular connection, but with patency of the left-sided valvar orifice and an imperforate right-sided valvar component, and a further case with atrioventricular septal defect and an imperforate Ebstein's malformation, all producing the haemodynamic effect ...
Meneses Jucille - - 2011
Strategies for reducing exposure to endotracheal ventilation through the use of early noninvasive ventilation has proven to be safe and effective, but the option with the greatest benefits needs to be determined. To determine, in infants with respiratory distress syndrome, if early nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) compared with nasal ...
Hemels Marieke A C - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Indwelling central venous catheters are the most important risk factors for the development of sepsis attributable to coagulase-negative staphylococci among preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. In addition, removal of a central venous catheter also may cause coagulase-negative staphylococci sepsis, which may be prevented by the short-term ...
Brosch Jared R - - 2011
A 3-year-old boy who had been a 23-week premature infant had subacute onset of abnormal gait, which progressed to generalized weakness with severe weakness of neck extensors. He had U waves on electrocardiography. His serum potassium was 1.8 mmol/L. The patient had a gastrostomy tube due to chronic feeding issues ...
Demauro S B - - 2011
Objective:Test the hypothesis that very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants fed every 2 h (q2) are able to reach full enteral feedings more quickly than infants fed every 3 h (q3).Study Design:We performed a retrospective cohort study comparing q2 infants (n=103) with q3 infants (n=251). The primary outcome was days from start of ...
Baciliero U - - 2011
Congenital retrognathia and glossoptosis characterize isolated Pierre Robin sequence (iPRS); the small mandible and its retracted position cause retrodisplacement of the tongue and reduction of the oropharyngeal airway. These neonates may be affected by airway obstruction, feeding difficulties, failure to thrive, and chronic hypoxaemia. To solve the respiratory problems secondary ...
Schebesta Karl - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The SimBaby high-fidelity patient simulator is a widely used paediatric simulator for the training of standard and critical airway management scenarios. Furthermore this simulator is frequently used for the evaluation of different airway devices and techniques. However, the anatomic structures of the SimBaby have not been compared to actual ...
Curry Donna Miles - - 2012
This study examined the effects of oral sucrose as an analgesic agent during routine immunization for infants at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. A sample of 113 healthy infants were recruited from three ambulatory clinics and randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Infants were given 2 mL ...
Modrzejewska Monika - - 2011
The aim of this review is to present cases of chorioretinitis in infants caused by viral and parasitic infections. Four infants with viral chorioretinitis were identified in a routine ophthalmological examination. Laboratory tests towards bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases were performed. Toxoplasmosis, rubella, and CMV infections were diagnosed in clinical ...
d'Almeida M - - 2011
AIM: To determine the rate of systematic examination completion, the characteristics of the newborns and the diseases that they bore. METHOD: It was a cross-sectional and descriptive study conducted on newborns that were received for systematic examination from January 1rst 2008 through December 31rst 2009. Consultations were performed by pediatricians. ...
Khanal S - - 2011
Clinical registration of the cause of death is available for less than one-third of the global newborn deaths, but the need for good quality data on causes of death for public health planning has renewed the interest in the Verbal Autopsy (VA). We aimed to determine the cause of neonatal ...
Akaffou E - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The achievement of the 4th millennium development goal needs the reduction of infant mortality, itself dominated by neonatal mortality. Our study aims to establish the influence of the various diagnosis levels on newborn children mortality at hospital environment in Abidjan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The retrospective study took place in ...
Lund Gregg C - - 2011
Premature newborns and infants are usually required to successfully transition from gavage to nipple feeding using breast or bottle before discharge from the hospital. This transition is frequently the last discharge skill attained. Delayed acquisition of this skill may substantially prolong hospital length of stay. The authors describe a case ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >