Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 752
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Aiello Vera Demarchi - - 2011
We describe two infants having an atrioventricular septal defect in the setting of a double inlet atrioventricular connection, but with patency of the left-sided valvar orifice and an imperforate right-sided valvar component, and a further case with atrioventricular septal defect and an imperforate Ebstein's malformation, all producing the haemodynamic effect ...
Meneses Jucille - - 2011
Strategies for reducing exposure to endotracheal ventilation through the use of early noninvasive ventilation has proven to be safe and effective, but the option with the greatest benefits needs to be determined. To determine, in infants with respiratory distress syndrome, if early nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) compared with nasal ...
Hemels Marieke A C - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Indwelling central venous catheters are the most important risk factors for the development of sepsis attributable to coagulase-negative staphylococci among preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. In addition, removal of a central venous catheter also may cause coagulase-negative staphylococci sepsis, which may be prevented by the short-term ...
Brosch Jared R - - 2011
A 3-year-old boy who had been a 23-week premature infant had subacute onset of abnormal gait, which progressed to generalized weakness with severe weakness of neck extensors. He had U waves on electrocardiography. His serum potassium was 1.8 mmol/L. The patient had a gastrostomy tube due to chronic feeding issues ...
Demauro S B - - 2011
Objective:Test the hypothesis that very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants fed every 2 h (q2) are able to reach full enteral feedings more quickly than infants fed every 3 h (q3).Study Design:We performed a retrospective cohort study comparing q2 infants (n=103) with q3 infants (n=251). The primary outcome was days from start of ...
Baciliero U - - 2011
Congenital retrognathia and glossoptosis characterize isolated Pierre Robin sequence (iPRS); the small mandible and its retracted position cause retrodisplacement of the tongue and reduction of the oropharyngeal airway. These neonates may be affected by airway obstruction, feeding difficulties, failure to thrive, and chronic hypoxaemia. To solve the respiratory problems secondary ...
Schebesta Karl - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The SimBaby high-fidelity patient simulator is a widely used paediatric simulator for the training of standard and critical airway management scenarios. Furthermore this simulator is frequently used for the evaluation of different airway devices and techniques. However, the anatomic structures of the SimBaby have not been compared to actual ...
Curry Donna Miles - - 2012
This study examined the effects of oral sucrose as an analgesic agent during routine immunization for infants at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. A sample of 113 healthy infants were recruited from three ambulatory clinics and randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Infants were given 2 mL ...
Modrzejewska Monika - - 2011
The aim of this review is to present cases of chorioretinitis in infants caused by viral and parasitic infections. Four infants with viral chorioretinitis were identified in a routine ophthalmological examination. Laboratory tests towards bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases were performed. Toxoplasmosis, rubella, and CMV infections were diagnosed in clinical ...
d'Almeida M - - 2011
AIM: To determine the rate of systematic examination completion, the characteristics of the newborns and the diseases that they bore. METHOD: It was a cross-sectional and descriptive study conducted on newborns that were received for systematic examination from January 1rst 2008 through December 31rst 2009. Consultations were performed by pediatricians. ...
Khanal S - - 2011
Clinical registration of the cause of death is available for less than one-third of the global newborn deaths, but the need for good quality data on causes of death for public health planning has renewed the interest in the Verbal Autopsy (VA). We aimed to determine the cause of neonatal ...
Akaffou E - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The achievement of the 4th millennium development goal needs the reduction of infant mortality, itself dominated by neonatal mortality. Our study aims to establish the influence of the various diagnosis levels on newborn children mortality at hospital environment in Abidjan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The retrospective study took place in ...
Lund Gregg C - - 2011
Premature newborns and infants are usually required to successfully transition from gavage to nipple feeding using breast or bottle before discharge from the hospital. This transition is frequently the last discharge skill attained. Delayed acquisition of this skill may substantially prolong hospital length of stay. The authors describe a case ...
O'Reilly D A - - 2011
A 12-day-old infant girl was admitted with increasing lethargy and respiratory distress. Initial treatment was for pneumonia but deterioration despite appropriate treatment prompted review of her diagnosis and consideration of organophosphate poisoning. There was a brisk response to atropine. To our knowledge, this is the youngest infant reported to have ...
Bhardwaj Ak - - 2011
Chicken pox is an infectious childhood disease. It is rare in infants and newborns due to passive immunity received from the mother. The characteristic skin eruptions in chicken pox are vesicular with erythematous base and accompanied with pruritus. The skin of the palms and soles is typically spared. We report ...
Alaani Samira - - 2011
Since 2003, congenital malformations have increased to account for 15% of all births in Fallujah, Iraq. Congenital heart defects have the highest incidence, followed by neural tube defects. Similar birth defects were reported in other populations exposed to war contaminants. While the causes of increased prevalence of birth defects are ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2010
AIM: Clinical assessment and end-tidal CO(2) (ETCO(2)) detectors are routinely used to verify endotracheal tube (ETT) placement. However, ETCO(2) detectors may mislead clinicians by failing to identify correct placement under a variety of conditions. A flow sensor measures gas flow in and out of an ETT. We reviewed video recordings ...
Adelmann Roland - - 2011
A variety of devices are available for transcatheter closure of unwanted shunts. We describe our experience with the use of the Amplatzer vascular plug IV in a consecutive series of infants. A total of eight consecutive infants - all born preterm at gestational ages ranging from 24 to 35 weeks ...
Dimas V Vivian VV Lillie Frank Abercrombie Section of Cardiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
We sought to analyze the outcomes of transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion using a variety of devices in infants weighing ≤6 kg. Indications for transcatheter closure of a PDA in infancy include congestive heart failure and/or failure to thrive. Devices available for small infants may be problematic for various ...
Tsakalidis Christos - - 2011
This study reports our institutional experience on the outcome after prophylactic and early rescue endotracheal instillation of surfactant within 20 minutes of birth, followed by extubation and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants <32 weeks gestational age. A total of 142 infants were prospectively studied (42, gestational ...
Aly Hany - - 2011
We examined the relationship between the use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and nasal colonization among low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. We prospectively cultured the nares of LBW infants on admission and weekly until hospital discharge. The modality of respiratory support during each culture was recorded. Bivariate and multivariate analyses ...
Reefhuis J - - 2011
Clomiphene citrate (CC) is the first line drug for subfertility treatment. Studies assessing the association between CC and birth defects have been inconclusive. We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a population-based, multi-site case-control study of major birth defects. Women from 10 US regions with deliveries affected ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2011
Introduction Preterm infants with inadequate breathing receive positive pressure ventilation (PPV) by mask with variable success. The authors examined recordings of PPV given to preterm infants in the delivery room for prevalence of mask leak and airway obstruction. Methods and patients The authors reviewed recordings of infants at <32 weeks' ...
Hwang Yea-Shwu - - 2010
We examined the effects of cheek and jaw support on the feeding ability of inefficient feeders born prematurely. Twenty preterm infants served as their own controls. Each infant received either intervention (feeding with oral support) or control (feeding without oral support) for 2 consecutive feedings per day on 2 consecutive ...
Baker Katherine - - 2010
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants frequently require endotracheal intubation for assisted ventilation or as a route for administration of drugs or exogenous surfactant. In adults and less premature infants, the risks of this intubation can be greatly reduced using video laryngoscopy, but current products are too large and incorrectly ...
Vaudo J J - - 2010
Stable-isotope values of a scalloped hammerhead Sphyrna lewini and blacktip shark Carcharhinus limbatus and their respective embryos were analysed. Embryos of both species were enriched in δ(15) N compared to their mothers (0·82 and 0·88‰, respectively), but fractionation of δ(13) C varied. Embryonic S. lewini were enriched (1·00‰) in δ(13) ...
Koplin Jennifer J - - 2010
Infant feeding guidelines have long recommended delaying introduction of solids and allergenic foods to prevent allergy in high-risk infants, despite a paucity of evidence. We aimed to determine whether confirmed egg allergy in 12-month-old infants is associated with (1) duration of breast-feeding and (2) ages of introducing egg and solids. ...
Baba Narumi - - 2011
Various animals produce inviable eggs or egg-like structures called trophic eggs, which are presumed to be an extended maternal investment for the offspring. However, there is little knowledge about the ecological or physiological constraints associated with their evolutionary origin. Trophic eggs of the seminivorous subsocial burrower bug (Canthophorus niveimarginatus) have ...
Dean J H - - 2010
To assess the effect on the human sex ratio at birth by assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures. Retrospective population-based study. Fertility clinics in Australia and New Zealand. The study included 13,368 babies by 13,165 women who had a single embryo transfer (SET) between 2002 and 2006. Logistic regression was used ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between in vitro fertilization (IVF) with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and adverse birth outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study involved IVF/ICSI patients who were treated in the Ottawa Fertility Centre from 1996 to 2005 with a viable pregnancy (>20 weeks of gestation) and ...
Borahay Mostafa - - 2010
In light of the recent octuplet birth and the accompanying intensive media coverage, there has been much attention on high order multiple births resulting from assisted reproductive technology. The purpose of this commentary is to review 1) the relative contribution of ART to high order multiple gestation and its impact ...
Drasković Biljana - - 2010
Congenital tracheal stenosis is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of focal or diffuse complete tracheal cartilage rings, resulting in afixed tracheal narrowing. The prognosis for this disorder is currently assumed to be poor, with some sources stating that the natural outcome of this problem is inevitably fatal. Tracheal ...
Ji Qiang - - 2010
Viviparity (giving birth to live young) in fossil reptiles has been known only in a few marine groups: ichthyosaurs, pachypleurosaurs, and mosasaurs. Here, we report a pregnant specimen of the Early Cretaceous Hyphalosaurus baitaigouensis, a species of Choristodera, a diapsid group known from unequivocal fossil remains from the Middle Jurassic ...
K?ll?n B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Marked changes have occurred in in vitro fertilization (IVF) methodology during the past 25 years but also in characteristics of couples undergoing treatment. METHODS: This study was based on 27 386 women undergoing IVF treatment from 1982 to 2006 and giving birth to 31 850 infants. Outcomes of deliveries ...
Källén Bengt - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal outcome of blastocyst and cleavage stage embryo transfers after IVF. DESIGN: Register study. SETTING: Births recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register after IVF performed, 2002-2006. PATIENT(S): Treatments reported from all Swedish IVF clinics. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Some neonatal characteristics were compared in 1,311 ...
Falconer Jackie - - 2010
Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is a norma physiological process occurring daily in healthy infants with similar frequency in both breast- and bottle-fed infants. It is generally considered uncomplicated and self-limiting, resolving spontaneously by 12-14 months of age. In contrast, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is associated with more severe symptoms and, on ...
Abdalla Hossam I - - 2010
The traditional use of live birth per IVF cycle started as the sole indicator of success can be potentially misleading. Different policies regarding reporting IVF cycles started, variations in the number of embryos transferred and associated multiple births have a profound effect on success, such that results from clinics or ...
Bechoua S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In several randomized studies, elective single embryo transfer (eSET) has proven its effectiveness in reducing twin pregnancy rates while obtaining acceptable overall pregnancy rates. However, there is no outcome measurement consensus to evaluate the effectiveness of eSET versus double-embryo transfer (DET). METHODS: This study evaluated whether or not adopting ...
Kyono Koichi - - 2009
To describe a rare case of a birth of dizygotic twins with different-sex infants from a single embryo transfer. A patient, who had her right ovary and tube removed, and her husband were treated with ICSI and a single embryo transfer. When a single fresh embryo was transferred on day ...
Gasch Joanna - - 2010
PURPOSE: Infusion filters, 0.2 mum, are commonly used in intensive care units as in-line filters to minimize particle and microbiological burden on patients. These filters usually contain either a positively charged or an uncharged membrane. The aim of the present study was to identify and to quantify an additive causing ...
Sunderam Saswati - - 2009
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization and related procedures).Patients who undergo ART procedures are more likely to deliver multiple-birth infants than women who conceive naturally. Multiple births are associated with increased risk for mothers ...
Hiraoka Kenichiro - - 2009
Little information is available on perinatal outcome of cryopreserved day-7 blastocyst transfer. In the present report, perinatal outcomes for transfers of cryopreserved blastocysts by a vitrification method were examined with respect to the day of blastocyst expansion among on day 5, 6 or 7 before cryopreservation. We investigated 263 cycles ...
French Shannon - - 2009
Three infants with ambiguous genitalia and suspected ovotestes were given recombinant FSH to induce ovarian follicular development. The development of follicles in the gonadal tissue suggested the presence of ovarian tissue in two of the three infants. This method may provide a means to better characterize gonadal anatomy in patients ...
Liang Yujun - - 2009
The eggs in most invertebrates are fertilized externally, and therefore their resulting embryos are exposed to an environment full of microbes, many of which are pathogens capable of killing other organisms. How the developing embryos of invertebrates defend themselves against pathogenic attacks is an intriguing question to biologists, and remains ...
Moraes Ana Paula R - - 2008
Stomoxys calcitrans control is primarily based on the use of chemical products; however, new methods for control have been investigated. Biological control has been proposed as a promising alternative to traditional chemicals. The current study evaluated three methods in vitro to treat S. calcitrans eggs with the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae ...
Migliarini B - - 2009
The aim of this study was to increase our understanding of the physiological functions controlled by the endocannabinoid system during embryogenesis. Using genomic and proteomic methodologies applied to zebrafish, we proved, for the first time in an oviparous species, that the cannabinoid receptor CB1 is not a maternal factor. The ...
Flint Anndrea - - 2008
In August 2003, the practice in the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital neonatal unit changed to the use of intermittent flushing of intravenous cannulas (instead of running a continuous infusion) for infants who only required an intravenous cannula for medications. In this historical cohort comparison study, the authors determined that ...
Fintak David R - - 2008
To report the overall incidence of endophthalmitis associated with office based intravitreal injections of bevacizumab and ranibizumab. This is a retrospective, consecutive, multicenter case series involving four large clinical sites. Included were all patients receiving at least one injection of intravitreal bevacizumab or intravitreal ranibizumab. Follow-up after each injection was ...
Luke Barbara - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and male factor infertility on the sex ratio in births from assisted reproductive technology. DESIGN: Historic cohort study. SETTING: Clinic-based data. PATIENT(S): The study population included 15,164 singleton live births in the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology national database for ...
Gerstner Gervaise - - 2008
There has been an increase in nonsurgical interventions for facial rejuvenation since 2001, which can be attributed to an increase in the use of injectable fillers, volumizers, and biostimulators for soft tissue augmentation. The efficacy and duration of these products depend on their mode of operation, site of injection, and ...
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