Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 707
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Migliarini B - - 2009
The aim of this study was to increase our understanding of the physiological functions controlled by the endocannabinoid system during embryogenesis. Using genomic and proteomic methodologies applied to zebrafish, we proved, for the first time in an oviparous species, that the cannabinoid receptor CB1 is not a maternal factor. The ...
Flint Anndrea - - 2008
In August 2003, the practice in the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital neonatal unit changed to the use of intermittent flushing of intravenous cannulas (instead of running a continuous infusion) for infants who only required an intravenous cannula for medications. In this historical cohort comparison study, the authors determined that ...
Fintak David R - - 2008
To report the overall incidence of endophthalmitis associated with office based intravitreal injections of bevacizumab and ranibizumab. This is a retrospective, consecutive, multicenter case series involving four large clinical sites. Included were all patients receiving at least one injection of intravitreal bevacizumab or intravitreal ranibizumab. Follow-up after each injection was ...
Luke Barbara - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and male factor infertility on the sex ratio in births from assisted reproductive technology. DESIGN: Historic cohort study. SETTING: Clinic-based data. PATIENT(S): The study population included 15,164 singleton live births in the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology national database for ...
Gerstner Gervaise - - 2008
There has been an increase in nonsurgical interventions for facial rejuvenation since 2001, which can be attributed to an increase in the use of injectable fillers, volumizers, and biostimulators for soft tissue augmentation. The efficacy and duration of these products depend on their mode of operation, site of injection, and ...
Csokmay John M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sex ratio of infants born after blastocyst-stage transfer of embryos with normal preimplantation FISH genetic screening. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Large academic assisted reproductive technology center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred twenty-eight patients undergoing fresh IVF cycle with blastocyst transfer. INTERVENTION(S): Preimplantation genetic screening for sex complement. ...
Cutting Rachel - - 2008
Assisted conception treatment is the single most important cause in the increase in multiple pregnancy and births over the last 25 years. Multiple births are associated with significant peri natal morbidity and mortality. Europe has led the way in reducing multiple births by widespread adoption of an elective single embryo ...
Romano M - - 2008
Egg quality may mediate maternal allocation strategies according to progeny sex. In vertebrates, carotenoids have important physiological roles during embryonic and post-natal life, but the consequences of variation in yolk carotenoids for offspring phenotype in oviparous species are largely unknown. In yellow-legged gulls, yolk carotenoids did not vary with embryo ...
Cowan D F - - 2008
Pituitary glands were recovered from dolphins and small whales found stranded along the Texas coast of the Gulf of Mexico over a 15-year period (1991-2006). One hundred animals of 14 species were found to be suitable for inclusion in this study. Of these, 72 were Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). ...
Althouse G C - - 2008
Semen is collected and processed from a variety of animal species for use in artificial insemination breeding programmes. Because of the inherent nature of the semen collection process, bacterial contamination of the ejaculate is a common occurrence. Additionally, manipulation of the ejaculate during processing in the laboratory can expose the ...
Scarabotto Leila Barreto - - 2008
Our objective was to compare the frequency, degree, and location of perineal trauma during spontaneous delivery with or without perineal injections of hyaluronidase (HAase). This was a randomized, controlled pilot study, conducted in a midwife-led hospital birth center in São Paulo, Brazil. Primiparous women (N = 139) were randomly assigned ...
Zayed Faheem - - 2008
To report a successful delivery of a healthy infant fathered by an infertile 46, XY true hermaphrodite who suffered from a seminoma. Case report IVF unit in University hospital. Male 41 years (true hermaphrodite), his wife 35 years. Laboratory, pathology tests and ultrasound tests. The above patient treated and cured ...
Petcoff Douglas W - - 2008
Critical developmental periods, such as fertilization, involve metabolic activation, membrane fusion events such as sperm-egg or plasma membrane-cortical granule merger, and production and hydrolysis of phospholipids. However, there has been no large-scale quantification of phospholipid changes during fertilization. Using an enzymatic assay, traditional FA analysis by TLC and gas chromatography, ...
Wasielewski O - - 2008
Biological activities of crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP; PFCNAFTGCa) and leucomyosuppressin (Lem-MS; pQDVDHVFLRFa) were studied in heterologous bioassays in the larvae and adults of Tenebrio molitor. CCAP exerted a reversible and dose-dependent cardio-stimulatory effect on the semi-isolated heart of the experimental beetles at a concentration of >10(-7) M and induced an ...
Chian Ri-Cheng - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report the first healthy live birth from immature oocytes retrieved in a natural menstrual cycle, followed by in vitro maturation (IVM) and cryopreservation of the oocytes by vitrification. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-based tertiary medical center. PATIENT(S): A 27-year-old woman with tubal disease and polycystic ovaries. INTERVENTION(S): Immature ...
Berlin Alexander L - - 2008
BACKGROUND Soft-tissue augmentation using calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) filler has been shown to be a safe and effective filler agent. A previous study utilizing electron microscopy demonstrated deposition of collagen around filler microspheres with minimal inflammatory response. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to further characterize the expression of collagen ...
Henne Melinda B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between competition among fertility clinics and assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment outcomes, particularly multiple births. DESIGN: Using clinic-level data from 1995 to 2001, we examined the relationship between competition and clinic-level ART outcomes and practice patterns. SETTING: National database registry. PATIENT(S): Clinics performing ART. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Bozdag Gurkan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with a pseudoaneurysm of the internal iliac artery after oocyte retrieval, during an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer cycle. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary center for assisted reproductive technologies (ART). PATIENT(S): A 22-year-old woman with a duration of 6 years of primary infertility. ...
Sugimura Tetsu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antibody response to influenza vaccine is limited in early. Infants have poorer hemagglutination-inhibiting antibody responses than 12-month-old. Intradermal administration reportedly elicited immune responses similar to or better than a standard intramuscular dose. We hypothesized that intradermal injection could achieve a better response in infants than subcutaneous injection. METHODS: We ...
Abe Yasuyuki - - 2008
Preimplantation development of canine embryos is not well understood. To understand the timing of preattachment embryogenesis relative to the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge, early embryonic development was examined in Labrador Retrievers after artificial insemination. The embryos migrated from the oviduct to the uterus beginning on day 11 after the LH ...
Brown Austin L - - 2008
Glass microelectrodes (also called pipettes) have been a workhorse of electrophysiology for decades. Today, such pipettes are made from glass capillaries using a programmable puller. Such instruments heat the capillary using either a metal filament or a laser and draw out the glass using gravity, a motor or both. Pipettes ...
Chwastowska-Siwiecka I - - 2008
In the present study, microwave thawing was compared with conventional thawing in atmospheric air. It was found that the quality of intramuscular lipids, reflected in the acid value, deteriorated during six-month deep-freeze storage, irrespective of the thawing method. The sensory quality of m. longissimus dorsi was related to the thawing ...
Tanaka Seiji - - 2008
Hatchling body color and size of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, are determined by the population density of the mothers during their reproductive period. Smaller green hatchlings are produced by adults at low population density (solitarious conditions) and larger dark hatchlings at high population density (gregarious conditions). One claim states ...
Brand Z - - 2007
The ostrich industry experiences a high rate of embryonic mortalities during artificial incubation of eggs. Embryonic deaths were studied from data recorded on 37,740 fertile eggs incubated artificially during the 1998-2005 breeding seasons. Roughly 10,000 eggs that sustained embryonic mortalities were classified according to the stage and nature of death, ...
Kienstra Kirsten A - - 2007
The ability to perform murine neonatal intravascular injections likely will prove useful in studying many newborn-specific disease states that are modeled in mice. Unfortunately, effective intravascular injection in the neonatal mouse has been limited by developmental immaturity and small size. To establish a mouse model of neonatal intravascular injection, C57Bl/6 ...
Martinez-Lopez Emma - - 2007
Most organochlorine (OC) use has been banned in Spain, but these compounds are persistent and may still adversely affect predatory birds. Data generally are lacking, however. Residues of hexachlorobenzene, alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane, lindane, hexachloro-octahydro-epoxy-dimethanonaphthalene, DDT, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in 22 failed eggs of booted eagles (Hieraaetus ...
Gunasekaran D - - 2007
Administration of unnecessary Intramuscular (i.m.) Injections to infants for trivial illness is a common problem. This descriptive study included 120 infants who received at least one i.m. injection for their current illness. Data were collected using semi structured questionnaire to their mothers. 91% of infants received unnecessary i.m. injections for ...
Rahman Mohammad Anisur - - 2007
The present study was conducted to determine the mechanism of chalaza formation in eggs of the Japanese quail Coturnix japonica and to determine the production site of chalaza materials in the oviduct. Electrophoretic profiles of the chalaza materials showed six bands of 480, 320, 210, 180, 96, and 58 kDa ...
Wang Ling - - 2008
Polar body formation in oocytes is an extreme form of asymmetric cell division, but what regulates the asymmetric spindle positioning and cytokinesis is poorly understood. During mouse oocyte maturation, the metaphase I spindle forms at the center but then moves to the cortex prior to anaphase I and first polar ...
Fernandez-Miyakawa Mariano E - - 2008
Epsilon toxin (ETX) is the most important virulence factor of Clostridium perfringens type D. Two other important toxins, alpha toxin (CPA) and perfringolysin-O (PFO), are encoded and potentially produced by most C. perfringens type D isolates. The biological effects of these toxins are dissimilar although they are all lethal. Since ...
Donoso P - - 2007
Our objective was to establish which is the best sperm retrieval technique in non-obstructive azoospermia based on the available evidence. To date, no randomized controlled trial has compared the efficiency of these strategies and thus current recommendations are based on cumulative evidence provided by descriptive, observational and controlled studies. Three ...
Kawahara Manabu M Department of BioScience, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8502, - - 2007
Mammalian development to adulthood typically requires both maternal and paternal genomes, because genomic imprinting places stringent limitations on mammalian development, strictly precluding parthenogenesis. Here we report the generation of bi-maternal embryos that develop at a high success rate equivalent to the rate obtained with in vitro fertilization of normal embryos. ...
Ipp Moshe - - 2007
To compare acute pain response during immunisation in infants using a slow standard of care injection technique versus a rapid pragmatic technique. Randomised controlled trial. Single-centre, urban paediatric primary care practice. Healthy infants 4-6 months of age receiving their routine DPTaP-Hib immunisation. Standard of care group: slow aspiration prior to ...
Dong Qiaoxiang - - 2007
The consequences of UVB and UVA irradiation on hatch rate, mortality, and malformation were studied in embryonic zebrafish (Danio rerio). The use of zebrafish embryos has expanded from traditional developmental models to diverse studies, including many techniques utilizing light exposure. To characterize useful indicators of photodamage, the responses and threshold ...
Jones Russell C - - 2007
Although it is generally understood that the testes recruited kidney ducts for reproductive function during the evolution of vertebrates, little is understood of the biological significance of the adaptation. In the context of the evolution of the mammalian epididymis, this report provides evidence that a major role of the epididymis ...
Weiss Avery H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To document refractive status and visual acuity before and after intralesional corticosteroid injection in children with astigmatism induced by periocular capillary hemangioma (PCH). DESIGN: Retrospective, interocular comparison, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen infants with anisometropic astigmatism of at least 1.50 diopters (D) induced by PCH. INTERVENTION: All infants had ...
Karlström P O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reduction of the number of embryos transferred has been introduced to decrease the multiple birth rates (MBRs) after IVF and the associated risks for the children. The aim of this report is to present the effect of two steps in reduction of the number of embryos transferred, when applied ...
Imai Yoshiyuki - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: In vivo study of the effect of an injection of recombinant human osteogenic protein-1 into degenerated discs induced by chondroitinase ABC. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of an injection of recombinant human osteogenic protein-1 to induce the recovery of disc height, and biochemical and histologic repair, in discs ...
Kloeters Oliver - - 2007
Impaired reepithelialization is a hallmark of chronic, ischemic wounds; however, the pathogenesis of the delayed reepithelialization in these wounds remains poorly understood. Transforming growth factor beta is involved in both the normal and hypoxic wound-healing response and exogenous overexpression of Smad3, which has been known to accelerate reepithelialization. Recently, it ...
Haroun Huda M - - 2007
This study aimed to determine the level of infant and under-five mortality rates and to examine the effect of socioeconomic, demographic and environmental factors on the health status of the children under five years. The data for this study were collected by means of a questionnaire addressed to women in ...
Ivanenko Yuri P - - 2007
Surprisingly, despite millions of years of bipedal walking evolution, the gravity-related pendulum mechanism of walking does not seem to be implemented at the onset of independent walking, requiring each toddler to develop it. We discuss the precursor of the mature locomotor pattern in infants as an optimal starting point strategy ...
Peiró R - - 2007
The aim of this work is to study early embryo survival and development in 2 lines divergently selected for high and low uterine capacity throughout 10 generations. A total of 162 female rabbits from the high line and 133 from the low line were slaughtered at 25, 48, or 62 ...
Brown G P - - 2007
The underlying genetic basis of life-history traits in free-ranging animals is critical to the effects of selection on such traits, but logistical constraints mean that such data are rarely available. Our long-term ecological studies on free-ranging oviparous snakes (keelbacks, Tropidonophis mairii (Gray, 1841), Colubridae) on an Australian floodplain provide the ...
Penha Fernando M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of subretinal injections of indocyanine green (ICG), trypan blue, glucose (GL), and balanced salt solution (BSS) in rabbits. DESIGN: Experimental study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty Dutch-belted rabbits. METHODS: Ten animals underwent vitrectomy and subretinal injection of 0.02 ml of either 0.05% ICG (279 milliosmoles [mOsm]), 0.15% trypan ...
Sweeney T - - 2007
The aim of this experiment was to determine if maternal exposure to octylphenol pre- and/or postnatally influenced FSH concentrations and semen quantity and quality in postpubertal rams. Rams were born to ewes that received twice-weekly s.c. injections of octylphenol equivalent to 1000microg/kg/day for one of the following periods: (1) day ...
Barnes Andrew I - - 2007
In many species of invertebrates that mate multiply, mating induces a temporary reduction in sexual receptivity and an increase in the rate of egg laying. These processes often appear to be co-ordinately regulated, and triggered by the passage of seminal fluid components. However, little is known about the mechanisms of ...
Koemtzopoulos Evripides - - 2007
The complexity of the sperm-storing organ (spermatheca) has been hypothesized to reflect sperm competition intensity in several gastropod species. Furthermore, considerable variation in spermathecal morphology has been detected among populations of the same species. The morphological variation of the fertilization pouch was studied in five populations of the simultaneously hermaphroditic ...
Cooke Delwyn G - - 2007
Lysozymes (3.2.1.17) from goose (Anser anser) egg white, turkey (Melagris gallopavo) egg white, phage T4 and human milk were compared with hen egg white lysozyme in their ability to clear a suspension of Micrococcus lysodeikticus. All of the lysozymes, except hen egg white lysozyme, catalysed the clearing of the Micrococcus ...
Greenfeld Chuck R - - 2007
Mammalian females are endowed with a finite number of primordial follicles at birth or shortly thereafter. Immediately following the formation of the primordial follicle pool, cohorts of these follicles are recruited to begin growth, and this recruitment continues until the primordial follicle population is depleted. Once recruited, a follicle will ...
Luna Martha - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sex ratio of offspring born after blastocyst transfers. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. SETTING: A large assisted reproductive technology center. PATIENT(S): We included 1,284 offspring from 937 deliveries during the period August 2003-August 2005. INTERVENTION(S): Tabulation and statistical analysis of all births resulting from fresh IVF cycles. ...
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