Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 683
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Tsakalidis Christos - - 2011
This study reports our institutional experience on the outcome after prophylactic and early rescue endotracheal instillation of surfactant within 20 minutes of birth, followed by extubation and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants <32 weeks gestational age. A total of 142 infants were prospectively studied (42, gestational ...
Aly Hany - - 2011
We examined the relationship between the use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and nasal colonization among low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. We prospectively cultured the nares of LBW infants on admission and weekly until hospital discharge. The modality of respiratory support during each culture was recorded. Bivariate and multivariate analyses ...
Reefhuis J - - 2011
Clomiphene citrate (CC) is the first line drug for subfertility treatment. Studies assessing the association between CC and birth defects have been inconclusive. We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a population-based, multi-site case-control study of major birth defects. Women from 10 US regions with deliveries affected ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2011
Introduction Preterm infants with inadequate breathing receive positive pressure ventilation (PPV) by mask with variable success. The authors examined recordings of PPV given to preterm infants in the delivery room for prevalence of mask leak and airway obstruction. Methods and patients The authors reviewed recordings of infants at <32 weeks' ...
Hwang Yea-Shwu - - 2010
We examined the effects of cheek and jaw support on the feeding ability of inefficient feeders born prematurely. Twenty preterm infants served as their own controls. Each infant received either intervention (feeding with oral support) or control (feeding without oral support) for 2 consecutive feedings per day on 2 consecutive ...
Baker Katherine - - 2010
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants frequently require endotracheal intubation for assisted ventilation or as a route for administration of drugs or exogenous surfactant. In adults and less premature infants, the risks of this intubation can be greatly reduced using video laryngoscopy, but current products are too large and incorrectly ...
Vaudo J J - - 2010
Stable-isotope values of a scalloped hammerhead Sphyrna lewini and blacktip shark Carcharhinus limbatus and their respective embryos were analysed. Embryos of both species were enriched in δ(15) N compared to their mothers (0·82 and 0·88‰, respectively), but fractionation of δ(13) C varied. Embryonic S. lewini were enriched (1·00‰) in δ(13) ...
Koplin Jennifer J - - 2010
Infant feeding guidelines have long recommended delaying introduction of solids and allergenic foods to prevent allergy in high-risk infants, despite a paucity of evidence. We aimed to determine whether confirmed egg allergy in 12-month-old infants is associated with (1) duration of breast-feeding and (2) ages of introducing egg and solids. ...
Baba Narumi - - 2011
Various animals produce inviable eggs or egg-like structures called trophic eggs, which are presumed to be an extended maternal investment for the offspring. However, there is little knowledge about the ecological or physiological constraints associated with their evolutionary origin. Trophic eggs of the seminivorous subsocial burrower bug (Canthophorus niveimarginatus) have ...
Dean J H - - 2010
To assess the effect on the human sex ratio at birth by assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures. Retrospective population-based study. Fertility clinics in Australia and New Zealand. The study included 13,368 babies by 13,165 women who had a single embryo transfer (SET) between 2002 and 2006. Logistic regression was used ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between in vitro fertilization (IVF) with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and adverse birth outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study involved IVF/ICSI patients who were treated in the Ottawa Fertility Centre from 1996 to 2005 with a viable pregnancy (>20 weeks of gestation) and ...
Borahay Mostafa - - 2010
In light of the recent octuplet birth and the accompanying intensive media coverage, there has been much attention on high order multiple births resulting from assisted reproductive technology. The purpose of this commentary is to review 1) the relative contribution of ART to high order multiple gestation and its impact ...
Drasković Biljana - - 2010
Congenital tracheal stenosis is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of focal or diffuse complete tracheal cartilage rings, resulting in afixed tracheal narrowing. The prognosis for this disorder is currently assumed to be poor, with some sources stating that the natural outcome of this problem is inevitably fatal. Tracheal ...
Ji Qiang - - 2010
Viviparity (giving birth to live young) in fossil reptiles has been known only in a few marine groups: ichthyosaurs, pachypleurosaurs, and mosasaurs. Here, we report a pregnant specimen of the Early Cretaceous Hyphalosaurus baitaigouensis, a species of Choristodera, a diapsid group known from unequivocal fossil remains from the Middle Jurassic ...
K?ll?n B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Marked changes have occurred in in vitro fertilization (IVF) methodology during the past 25 years but also in characteristics of couples undergoing treatment. METHODS: This study was based on 27 386 women undergoing IVF treatment from 1982 to 2006 and giving birth to 31 850 infants. Outcomes of deliveries ...
Källén Bengt - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal outcome of blastocyst and cleavage stage embryo transfers after IVF. DESIGN: Register study. SETTING: Births recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register after IVF performed, 2002-2006. PATIENT(S): Treatments reported from all Swedish IVF clinics. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Some neonatal characteristics were compared in 1,311 ...
Falconer Jackie - - 2010
Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is a norma physiological process occurring daily in healthy infants with similar frequency in both breast- and bottle-fed infants. It is generally considered uncomplicated and self-limiting, resolving spontaneously by 12-14 months of age. In contrast, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is associated with more severe symptoms and, on ...
Abdalla Hossam I - - 2010
The traditional use of live birth per IVF cycle started as the sole indicator of success can be potentially misleading. Different policies regarding reporting IVF cycles started, variations in the number of embryos transferred and associated multiple births have a profound effect on success, such that results from clinics or ...
Bechoua S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In several randomized studies, elective single embryo transfer (eSET) has proven its effectiveness in reducing twin pregnancy rates while obtaining acceptable overall pregnancy rates. However, there is no outcome measurement consensus to evaluate the effectiveness of eSET versus double-embryo transfer (DET). METHODS: This study evaluated whether or not adopting ...
Kyono Koichi - - 2009
To describe a rare case of a birth of dizygotic twins with different-sex infants from a single embryo transfer. A patient, who had her right ovary and tube removed, and her husband were treated with ICSI and a single embryo transfer. When a single fresh embryo was transferred on day ...
Gasch Joanna - - 2010
PURPOSE: Infusion filters, 0.2 mum, are commonly used in intensive care units as in-line filters to minimize particle and microbiological burden on patients. These filters usually contain either a positively charged or an uncharged membrane. The aim of the present study was to identify and to quantify an additive causing ...
Sunderam Saswati - - 2009
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization and related procedures).Patients who undergo ART procedures are more likely to deliver multiple-birth infants than women who conceive naturally. Multiple births are associated with increased risk for mothers ...
Hiraoka Kenichiro - - 2009
Little information is available on perinatal outcome of cryopreserved day-7 blastocyst transfer. In the present report, perinatal outcomes for transfers of cryopreserved blastocysts by a vitrification method were examined with respect to the day of blastocyst expansion among on day 5, 6 or 7 before cryopreservation. We investigated 263 cycles ...
French Shannon - - 2009
Three infants with ambiguous genitalia and suspected ovotestes were given recombinant FSH to induce ovarian follicular development. The development of follicles in the gonadal tissue suggested the presence of ovarian tissue in two of the three infants. This method may provide a means to better characterize gonadal anatomy in patients ...
Liang Yujun - - 2009
The eggs in most invertebrates are fertilized externally, and therefore their resulting embryos are exposed to an environment full of microbes, many of which are pathogens capable of killing other organisms. How the developing embryos of invertebrates defend themselves against pathogenic attacks is an intriguing question to biologists, and remains ...
Moraes Ana Paula R - - 2008
Stomoxys calcitrans control is primarily based on the use of chemical products; however, new methods for control have been investigated. Biological control has been proposed as a promising alternative to traditional chemicals. The current study evaluated three methods in vitro to treat S. calcitrans eggs with the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae ...
Migliarini B - - 2009
The aim of this study was to increase our understanding of the physiological functions controlled by the endocannabinoid system during embryogenesis. Using genomic and proteomic methodologies applied to zebrafish, we proved, for the first time in an oviparous species, that the cannabinoid receptor CB1 is not a maternal factor. The ...
Flint Anndrea - - 2008
In August 2003, the practice in the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital neonatal unit changed to the use of intermittent flushing of intravenous cannulas (instead of running a continuous infusion) for infants who only required an intravenous cannula for medications. In this historical cohort comparison study, the authors determined that ...
Fintak David R - - 2008
To report the overall incidence of endophthalmitis associated with office based intravitreal injections of bevacizumab and ranibizumab. This is a retrospective, consecutive, multicenter case series involving four large clinical sites. Included were all patients receiving at least one injection of intravitreal bevacizumab or intravitreal ranibizumab. Follow-up after each injection was ...
Luke Barbara - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and male factor infertility on the sex ratio in births from assisted reproductive technology. DESIGN: Historic cohort study. SETTING: Clinic-based data. PATIENT(S): The study population included 15,164 singleton live births in the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology national database for ...
Gerstner Gervaise - - 2008
There has been an increase in nonsurgical interventions for facial rejuvenation since 2001, which can be attributed to an increase in the use of injectable fillers, volumizers, and biostimulators for soft tissue augmentation. The efficacy and duration of these products depend on their mode of operation, site of injection, and ...
Csokmay John M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sex ratio of infants born after blastocyst-stage transfer of embryos with normal preimplantation FISH genetic screening. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Large academic assisted reproductive technology center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred twenty-eight patients undergoing fresh IVF cycle with blastocyst transfer. INTERVENTION(S): Preimplantation genetic screening for sex complement. ...
Cutting Rachel - - 2008
Assisted conception treatment is the single most important cause in the increase in multiple pregnancy and births over the last 25 years. Multiple births are associated with significant peri natal morbidity and mortality. Europe has led the way in reducing multiple births by widespread adoption of an elective single embryo ...
Romano M - - 2008
Egg quality may mediate maternal allocation strategies according to progeny sex. In vertebrates, carotenoids have important physiological roles during embryonic and post-natal life, but the consequences of variation in yolk carotenoids for offspring phenotype in oviparous species are largely unknown. In yellow-legged gulls, yolk carotenoids did not vary with embryo ...
Cowan D F - - 2008
Pituitary glands were recovered from dolphins and small whales found stranded along the Texas coast of the Gulf of Mexico over a 15-year period (1991-2006). One hundred animals of 14 species were found to be suitable for inclusion in this study. Of these, 72 were Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). ...
Althouse G C - - 2008
Semen is collected and processed from a variety of animal species for use in artificial insemination breeding programmes. Because of the inherent nature of the semen collection process, bacterial contamination of the ejaculate is a common occurrence. Additionally, manipulation of the ejaculate during processing in the laboratory can expose the ...
Scarabotto Leila Barreto - - 2008
Our objective was to compare the frequency, degree, and location of perineal trauma during spontaneous delivery with or without perineal injections of hyaluronidase (HAase). This was a randomized, controlled pilot study, conducted in a midwife-led hospital birth center in São Paulo, Brazil. Primiparous women (N = 139) were randomly assigned ...
Zayed Faheem - - 2008
To report a successful delivery of a healthy infant fathered by an infertile 46, XY true hermaphrodite who suffered from a seminoma. Case report IVF unit in University hospital. Male 41 years (true hermaphrodite), his wife 35 years. Laboratory, pathology tests and ultrasound tests. The above patient treated and cured ...
Petcoff Douglas W - - 2008
Critical developmental periods, such as fertilization, involve metabolic activation, membrane fusion events such as sperm-egg or plasma membrane-cortical granule merger, and production and hydrolysis of phospholipids. However, there has been no large-scale quantification of phospholipid changes during fertilization. Using an enzymatic assay, traditional FA analysis by TLC and gas chromatography, ...
Wasielewski O - - 2008
Biological activities of crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP; PFCNAFTGCa) and leucomyosuppressin (Lem-MS; pQDVDHVFLRFa) were studied in heterologous bioassays in the larvae and adults of Tenebrio molitor. CCAP exerted a reversible and dose-dependent cardio-stimulatory effect on the semi-isolated heart of the experimental beetles at a concentration of >10(-7) M and induced an ...
Chian Ri-Cheng - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report the first healthy live birth from immature oocytes retrieved in a natural menstrual cycle, followed by in vitro maturation (IVM) and cryopreservation of the oocytes by vitrification. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-based tertiary medical center. PATIENT(S): A 27-year-old woman with tubal disease and polycystic ovaries. INTERVENTION(S): Immature ...
Berlin Alexander L - - 2008
BACKGROUND Soft-tissue augmentation using calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) filler has been shown to be a safe and effective filler agent. A previous study utilizing electron microscopy demonstrated deposition of collagen around filler microspheres with minimal inflammatory response. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to further characterize the expression of collagen ...
Henne Melinda B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between competition among fertility clinics and assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment outcomes, particularly multiple births. DESIGN: Using clinic-level data from 1995 to 2001, we examined the relationship between competition and clinic-level ART outcomes and practice patterns. SETTING: National database registry. PATIENT(S): Clinics performing ART. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Bozdag Gurkan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with a pseudoaneurysm of the internal iliac artery after oocyte retrieval, during an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer cycle. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary center for assisted reproductive technologies (ART). PATIENT(S): A 22-year-old woman with a duration of 6 years of primary infertility. ...
Sugimura Tetsu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Antibody response to influenza vaccine is limited in early. Infants have poorer hemagglutination-inhibiting antibody responses than 12-month-old. Intradermal administration reportedly elicited immune responses similar to or better than a standard intramuscular dose. We hypothesized that intradermal injection could achieve a better response in infants than subcutaneous injection. METHODS: We ...
Abe Yasuyuki - - 2008
Preimplantation development of canine embryos is not well understood. To understand the timing of preattachment embryogenesis relative to the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge, early embryonic development was examined in Labrador Retrievers after artificial insemination. The embryos migrated from the oviduct to the uterus beginning on day 11 after the LH ...
Brown Austin L - - 2008
Glass microelectrodes (also called pipettes) have been a workhorse of electrophysiology for decades. Today, such pipettes are made from glass capillaries using a programmable puller. Such instruments heat the capillary using either a metal filament or a laser and draw out the glass using gravity, a motor or both. Pipettes ...
Chwastowska-Siwiecka I - - 2008
In the present study, microwave thawing was compared with conventional thawing in atmospheric air. It was found that the quality of intramuscular lipids, reflected in the acid value, deteriorated during six-month deep-freeze storage, irrespective of the thawing method. The sensory quality of m. longissimus dorsi was related to the thawing ...
Tanaka Seiji - - 2008
Hatchling body color and size of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, are determined by the population density of the mothers during their reproductive period. Smaller green hatchlings are produced by adults at low population density (solitarious conditions) and larger dark hatchlings at high population density (gregarious conditions). One claim states ...
Brand Z - - 2007
The ostrich industry experiences a high rate of embryonic mortalities during artificial incubation of eggs. Embryonic deaths were studied from data recorded on 37,740 fertile eggs incubated artificially during the 1998-2005 breeding seasons. Roughly 10,000 eggs that sustained embryonic mortalities were classified according to the stage and nature of death, ...
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