Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 721
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Hall N J - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of trans-anastomotic tube (TAT) feeding on outcome following repair of congenital duodenal obstruction (CDO). METHODS: Retrospective comparative study of all infants with CDO over 10 years. Data are median (range). Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test were used. RESULTS: Of 55 infants with CDO (48 ...
Dumond Alison Artico - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To determine the incidence of perfusion-related complications associated with indwelling femoral artery monitoring catheters in neonates and infants following introduction of a 2.5-Fr diameter, 5-cm length, polyethylene catheter (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN) to our unit. DESIGN:: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING:: Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit in a university-affiliated ...
Willis Mark W - - 2011
To determine how often the pediatric otolaryngology service is involved in the initial care of infants with an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE), to assess the usefulness of bronchoscopy and laryngoscopy in diagnosing the underlying etiology, and to describe the long-term airway outcomes and whether these patients were seen by the ...
McCallie K R - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a standardized enteral feeding protocol for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants on nutritional, clinical and growth outcomes. Retrospective analysis of VLBW cohorts 9 months before and after initiation of a standardized feeding protocol consisting of 6-8 days of ...
Matheson S M - - 2011
Lamb mortality remains a significant welfare and economic issue for sheep production. Lamb survival is to a degree dependent upon an easy delivery and the expression of appropriate behaviours from both mother and offspring, such as rapid standing, udder seeking and sucking by the lamb. Genetic solutions have the potential ...
Matoba N N 1Division of Neonatology, Children's Memorial Hospital, and Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, - - 2011
Fetal growth restriction is a risk factor for development of adulthood diseases, but the biological mechanism of this association remains unknown. Limited biomarkers have been studied in settings of preterm birth and maternal inflammation, but the relationship between a wide range of immune biomarkers and fetal growth has not been ...
Chen Chien-Fu - - 2011
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative began promoting exclusive breast-feeding in 2001 in Taiwan; however, few studies have investigated its impact. This study evaluated the influence of breast-feeding on Taiwanese neonates with regard to the frequency of jaundice, body weight loss (BWL), and elimination of both urine and stool. The medical records ...
Schibler A - - 2011
PURPOSE: To describe the change in ventilatory practice in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in the 5-year period after the introduction of high-flow nasal prong (HFNP) therapy in infants <24 months of age. Additionally, to identify the patient subgroups on HFNP requiring escalation of therapy to either other non-invasive ...
Cu Sharon R - - 2011
To review data on a cohort of infants with cleft palate to (1) determine rates of gastrostomy (G)-tube placement, (2) identify contributing comorbidities, and (3) use relative risk analyses to improve management of cleft palate in infants with feeding difficulty. Retrospective medical record review. Tertiary care children's hospital. Infants with ...
Armstrong Ruth K - - 2011
PURPOSE: Synchronised volume-targeted ventilation (SIPPV + VTV) attempts to reduce lung injury by standardising volume delivery to the preterm lung. The aim of this study is to describe the regional distribution and variability of ventilation within the preterm lung during SIPPV + VTV. METHODS: Twenty-seven stable, supine, preterm infants with <32 weeks gestation receiving SIPPV + VTV ...
Komasawa Nobuyasu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent resuscitation guidelines for infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) emphasize that all rescuers should minimize interruption of chest compressions, even for endotracheal intubation. We compared the utility of the Miller laryngoscope (Mil) with Airtraq (ATQ) during chest compression in an infant manikin. METHODS: Twenty staff doctors in intensive care and ...
Helou Sabah - - 2011
Nasal CPAP using Hudson prongs (Teleflex Medical, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina) with a Velcro mustache is frequently used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). We recently began to use these prongs in our unit as a means of providing CPAP. We report on two premature infants who required ...
Hartman Robert J - - 2011
Nonsyndromic atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs) are serious congenital heart defects for which information on prevalence and descriptive characteristics based on large, geographically, and ethnically diverse populations has been limited. To describe the birth prevalence and phenotype of nonsyndromic AVSDs, we used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), ...
Merrill J D - - 2011
Objective:Many premature infants at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia experience episodes of surfactant dysfunction with reduced surfactant protein B (SP-B). In this study, we investigated the safety and responses to booster doses of surfactant.Study Design:A total of 87 infants, 500 to 1250 g birth weight, who were ventilated at 7 to 10 ...
Fleming S E - - 2011
Objective:Umbilical catheter placement is a routine neonatal emergency procedure that has large variability in technical methods. Commonly used methods are unable to accurately estimate insertion lengths, and X-rays cannot always identify malpositioned catheters. In clinical practice, the placement of umbilical lines takes time away from nursing during a critical transition ...
Hwang Yea-Shwu - - 2011
Objective: To identify the influence of various physiological and behavioral factors on feeding performance of preterm infants in the transition to full oral feeding. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from a feeding assessment conducted on 24 preterm infants born at 25-31 weeks without severe brain complications. Results: Prolonged oxygen use ...
Haponiuk Ireneusz - - 2011
There are several strategies of surgical approach for the repair of multiple muscular ventricular septal defects (mVSDs), but none leads to a fully predictable, satisfactory therapeutic outcome in infants. We followed a concept of treating multiple mVSDs consisting of a hybrid approach based on intraoperative perventricular implantation of occluding devices. ...
Al-Zubeidi Dina - - 2011
Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) is a craniofacial anomaly characterized by a triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and cleft palate. Infants with PRS frequently have feeding problems that may require supplemental nutrition through a nasogastric or gastrostomy tube. Very few published studies have illustrated the most appropriate method for securing an enteral ...
Fuchs H - - 2011
Introduction Delivery room management using early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) may delay surfactant therapy. Objective To identify factors associated with early nCPAP failure and effects of various intubation criteria on rate and time of intubation. Design Retrospective analysis of the first 48 h in infants of 23-28 weeks ...
Aiello Vera Demarchi - - 2011
We describe two infants having an atrioventricular septal defect in the setting of a double inlet atrioventricular connection, but with patency of the left-sided valvar orifice and an imperforate right-sided valvar component, and a further case with atrioventricular septal defect and an imperforate Ebstein's malformation, all producing the haemodynamic effect ...
Meneses Jucille - - 2011
Strategies for reducing exposure to endotracheal ventilation through the use of early noninvasive ventilation has proven to be safe and effective, but the option with the greatest benefits needs to be determined. To determine, in infants with respiratory distress syndrome, if early nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) compared with nasal ...
Hemels Marieke A C - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Indwelling central venous catheters are the most important risk factors for the development of sepsis attributable to coagulase-negative staphylococci among preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. In addition, removal of a central venous catheter also may cause coagulase-negative staphylococci sepsis, which may be prevented by the short-term ...
Brosch Jared R - - 2011
A 3-year-old boy who had been a 23-week premature infant had subacute onset of abnormal gait, which progressed to generalized weakness with severe weakness of neck extensors. He had U waves on electrocardiography. His serum potassium was 1.8 mmol/L. The patient had a gastrostomy tube due to chronic feeding issues ...
Demauro S B - - 2011
Objective:Test the hypothesis that very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants fed every 2 h (q2) are able to reach full enteral feedings more quickly than infants fed every 3 h (q3).Study Design:We performed a retrospective cohort study comparing q2 infants (n=103) with q3 infants (n=251). The primary outcome was days from start of ...
Baciliero U - - 2011
Congenital retrognathia and glossoptosis characterize isolated Pierre Robin sequence (iPRS); the small mandible and its retracted position cause retrodisplacement of the tongue and reduction of the oropharyngeal airway. These neonates may be affected by airway obstruction, feeding difficulties, failure to thrive, and chronic hypoxaemia. To solve the respiratory problems secondary ...
Schebesta Karl - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The SimBaby high-fidelity patient simulator is a widely used paediatric simulator for the training of standard and critical airway management scenarios. Furthermore this simulator is frequently used for the evaluation of different airway devices and techniques. However, the anatomic structures of the SimBaby have not been compared to actual ...
Curry Donna Miles - - 2012
This study examined the effects of oral sucrose as an analgesic agent during routine immunization for infants at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. A sample of 113 healthy infants were recruited from three ambulatory clinics and randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Infants were given 2 mL ...
Modrzejewska Monika - - 2011
The aim of this review is to present cases of chorioretinitis in infants caused by viral and parasitic infections. Four infants with viral chorioretinitis were identified in a routine ophthalmological examination. Laboratory tests towards bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases were performed. Toxoplasmosis, rubella, and CMV infections were diagnosed in clinical ...
d'Almeida M - - 2011
AIM: To determine the rate of systematic examination completion, the characteristics of the newborns and the diseases that they bore. METHOD: It was a cross-sectional and descriptive study conducted on newborns that were received for systematic examination from January 1rst 2008 through December 31rst 2009. Consultations were performed by pediatricians. ...
Khanal S - - 2011
Clinical registration of the cause of death is available for less than one-third of the global newborn deaths, but the need for good quality data on causes of death for public health planning has renewed the interest in the Verbal Autopsy (VA). We aimed to determine the cause of neonatal ...
Akaffou E - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The achievement of the 4th millennium development goal needs the reduction of infant mortality, itself dominated by neonatal mortality. Our study aims to establish the influence of the various diagnosis levels on newborn children mortality at hospital environment in Abidjan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The retrospective study took place in ...
Lund Gregg C - - 2011
Premature newborns and infants are usually required to successfully transition from gavage to nipple feeding using breast or bottle before discharge from the hospital. This transition is frequently the last discharge skill attained. Delayed acquisition of this skill may substantially prolong hospital length of stay. The authors describe a case ...
O'Reilly D A - - 2011
A 12-day-old infant girl was admitted with increasing lethargy and respiratory distress. Initial treatment was for pneumonia but deterioration despite appropriate treatment prompted review of her diagnosis and consideration of organophosphate poisoning. There was a brisk response to atropine. To our knowledge, this is the youngest infant reported to have ...
Bhardwaj Ak - - 2011
Chicken pox is an infectious childhood disease. It is rare in infants and newborns due to passive immunity received from the mother. The characteristic skin eruptions in chicken pox are vesicular with erythematous base and accompanied with pruritus. The skin of the palms and soles is typically spared. We report ...
Alaani Samira - - 2011
Since 2003, congenital malformations have increased to account for 15% of all births in Fallujah, Iraq. Congenital heart defects have the highest incidence, followed by neural tube defects. Similar birth defects were reported in other populations exposed to war contaminants. While the causes of increased prevalence of birth defects are ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2010
AIM: Clinical assessment and end-tidal CO(2) (ETCO(2)) detectors are routinely used to verify endotracheal tube (ETT) placement. However, ETCO(2) detectors may mislead clinicians by failing to identify correct placement under a variety of conditions. A flow sensor measures gas flow in and out of an ETT. We reviewed video recordings ...
Adelmann Roland - - 2011
A variety of devices are available for transcatheter closure of unwanted shunts. We describe our experience with the use of the Amplatzer vascular plug IV in a consecutive series of infants. A total of eight consecutive infants - all born preterm at gestational ages ranging from 24 to 35 weeks ...
Dimas V Vivian - - 2010
We sought to analyze the outcomes of transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion using a variety of devices in infants weighing ≤6 kg. Indications for transcatheter closure of a PDA in infancy include congestive heart failure and/or failure to thrive. Devices available for small infants may be problematic for various ...
Tsakalidis Christos - - 2011
This study reports our institutional experience on the outcome after prophylactic and early rescue endotracheal instillation of surfactant within 20 minutes of birth, followed by extubation and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants <32 weeks gestational age. A total of 142 infants were prospectively studied (42, gestational ...
Aly Hany - - 2011
We examined the relationship between the use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and nasal colonization among low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. We prospectively cultured the nares of LBW infants on admission and weekly until hospital discharge. The modality of respiratory support during each culture was recorded. Bivariate and multivariate analyses ...
Reefhuis J - - 2011
Clomiphene citrate (CC) is the first line drug for subfertility treatment. Studies assessing the association between CC and birth defects have been inconclusive. We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a population-based, multi-site case-control study of major birth defects. Women from 10 US regions with deliveries affected ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2011
Introduction Preterm infants with inadequate breathing receive positive pressure ventilation (PPV) by mask with variable success. The authors examined recordings of PPV given to preterm infants in the delivery room for prevalence of mask leak and airway obstruction. Methods and patients The authors reviewed recordings of infants at <32 weeks' ...
Hwang Yea-Shwu - - 2010
We examined the effects of cheek and jaw support on the feeding ability of inefficient feeders born prematurely. Twenty preterm infants served as their own controls. Each infant received either intervention (feeding with oral support) or control (feeding without oral support) for 2 consecutive feedings per day on 2 consecutive ...
Baker Katherine - - 2010
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants frequently require endotracheal intubation for assisted ventilation or as a route for administration of drugs or exogenous surfactant. In adults and less premature infants, the risks of this intubation can be greatly reduced using video laryngoscopy, but current products are too large and incorrectly ...
Vaudo J J - - 2010
Stable-isotope values of a scalloped hammerhead Sphyrna lewini and blacktip shark Carcharhinus limbatus and their respective embryos were analysed. Embryos of both species were enriched in δ(15) N compared to their mothers (0·82 and 0·88‰, respectively), but fractionation of δ(13) C varied. Embryonic S. lewini were enriched (1·00‰) in δ(13) ...
Koplin Jennifer J - - 2010
Infant feeding guidelines have long recommended delaying introduction of solids and allergenic foods to prevent allergy in high-risk infants, despite a paucity of evidence. We aimed to determine whether confirmed egg allergy in 12-month-old infants is associated with (1) duration of breast-feeding and (2) ages of introducing egg and solids. ...
Baba Narumi - - 2011
Various animals produce inviable eggs or egg-like structures called trophic eggs, which are presumed to be an extended maternal investment for the offspring. However, there is little knowledge about the ecological or physiological constraints associated with their evolutionary origin. Trophic eggs of the seminivorous subsocial burrower bug (Canthophorus niveimarginatus) have ...
Dean J H - - 2010
To assess the effect on the human sex ratio at birth by assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures. Retrospective population-based study. Fertility clinics in Australia and New Zealand. The study included 13,368 babies by 13,165 women who had a single embryo transfer (SET) between 2002 and 2006. Logistic regression was used ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between in vitro fertilization (IVF) with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and adverse birth outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study involved IVF/ICSI patients who were treated in the Ottawa Fertility Centre from 1996 to 2005 with a viable pregnancy (>20 weeks of gestation) and ...
Borahay Mostafa - - 2010
In light of the recent octuplet birth and the accompanying intensive media coverage, there has been much attention on high order multiple births resulting from assisted reproductive technology. The purpose of this commentary is to review 1) the relative contribution of ART to high order multiple gestation and its impact ...
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