Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 718
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Choudhury Shahana A - - 2012
Although invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) has significantly decreased in children since the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, instances of IPD from non-PCV7 serotypes have increased. Concerns remain regarding the risk for IPD during the neonatal period. Our objective was to measure quantitative antibody levels to 16 serotypes of Streptococcus ...
Pan Calvin Q - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite appropriate immunoprophylaxis, up to 10 % of infants born to highly viremic hepatitis B virus (HBV-DNA ≥ 7 log IU/mL) mothers are infected with HBV. Use of TDF to prevent vertical transmission (VT) by such mothers has not been evaluated. PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of TDF in preventing ...
Park Hye Won - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to observe the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization rate and to identify the risk factors for hospitalization for RSV infection among infants in Korea born at less than 35 weeks of gestational age and who had not previously received palivizumab. METHODS: We conducted ...
Morioka Ichiro - - 2012
Background: Young infants with influenza virus infection are frequently hospitalized, and are at risk of serious complications including death. With the emergence of pandemic influenza A/H1N1 2009, oseltamivir was approved for use in Europe and the USA, including use in infants aged < 3 months. However, few data are available regarding ...
Healy C M - - 2012
Objective:To characterize true coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) infections in infants receiving neonatal intensive care.Study Design:Retrospective cohort study of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infants with clinical sepsis and CoNS isolated from 2 blood cultures (BCs) or one BC and a sterile site (proved infection) or CoNS isolated from one BC and ...
McLeod Rima - - 2012
Congenital toxoplasmosis is a severe, life-altering disease in the United States. A recently developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) distinguishes Toxoplasma gondii parasite types (II and not exclusively II [NE-II]) by detecting antibodies in human sera that recognize allelic peptide motifs of distinct parasite types. ELISA determined parasite serotype for 193 ...
Shapiro Karen - - 2012
Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis neurona have caused significant morbidity and mortality in threatened Southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) along the central California coast. Because only terrestrial animals are known to serve as definitive hosts for T. gondii and S. neurona, infections in otters suggest a land to sea flow ...
Wójkowska-Mach Jadwiga - - 2012
AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence, causes, the risk factors, etiologic agents and the outcomes of early-onset infections (EOIs) in very-low-birth-weight newborns in Polish Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) METHODS: Continuous prospective infection surveillance conducted during 2009 at six Polish NICUs and included 910 newborns ...
Smith Emily A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To determine the trends and outcomes of the national Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program (PHBPP) for infants born from 1994 to 2008.METHODS:PHBPPs in state and city public health jurisdictions annually submitted program outcome reports to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The annual number of births to hepatitis B ...
Admaty Deborah - - 2012
Background:Adrenomedullin (ADM) is one of the strongest endogenous vasodilating hormones. Its stable by-product midregional-proADM (MR-proADM) is an established indicator of systemic infection and cardiovascular compromise in adult patients.Methods:A prospective cross-sectional study was performed to investigate perinatal factors affecting MR-proADM plasma concentrations in 328 newborn infants with a gestational age (GA) ...
Zaidi Mussaret B - - 2012
BackgroundThe foodborne transmission and human health impact of Salmonella and Campylobacter infections have rarely been evaluated at the population level in highly endemic settings.MethodsA prospective 15-month cohort study of 127 infants and 119 elders was combined with animal and food surveillance to determine the incidence and severity of Salmonella and ...
Nijman Joppe - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A correlation between cytomegalovirus (CMV) load in urine and severity of disease in congenitally infected infants has previously been reported. CMV load in postnatally infected infants has not been studied before. OBJECTIVE: To investigate CMV load in urine of infants with postnatal or congenital infection and correlate this with ...
Scagnolari Carolina - - 2012
The relationship between viral load, disease severity and antiviral immune activation in infants suffering from respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated bronchiolitis has not been well identified. The main objective of this study was to determine the existence of a correlation between RSV load and disease severity and also between different clinical ...
Haddad Wajed - - 2012
Complete heart block in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with respiratory syncytial viral (RSV) infections has been described. This report describes a prolonged sinoatrial block exceeding 4 s in an infant with RSV, which, to the authors' knowledge, is the longest such event described in the published literature. ...
Tsai Jeng-Daw - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The lack of good evidence for improved outcomes in children and young infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) after aggressive treatment for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has raised doubts regarding the need for routine voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), and the appropriate imaging evaluation in these children remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: This ...
Norberg Sarah - - 2012
Cronobacter species are opportunistic pathogens, and a mortality rate of 40 to 80% is associated with infections. This pathogen can cause a range of serious diseases such as meningitis, septicemia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and brain abscesses and has been responsible for a variety of sequelae such as quadriplegia. Although Cronobacter can ...
Yen Cynthia J - - 2012
: The 2009 H1N1 influenza virus emerged in April 2009 and primarily affected children and young adults. Few reports describe 2009 H1N1 influenza infection in infants. This report describes the clinical and epidemiologic features of 2009 H1N1 influenza in critically ill infants younger than 1 year of age. : Laboratory-confirmed ...
Pryce J W - - 2012
Infant mortality has undergone a dramatic reduction in the UK over the past century because of improvements in public health policy and medical advances. Postmortem examinations have been performed at Great Ormond Street Hospital for over 100 years, and analysis of cases across this period has been performed to assess ...
Helder Onno - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the available evidence for the effectiveness of non-pharmacological bloodsteam infection-preventive measures in infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit. DESIGN: A systematic review of ...
Pinninti Swetha G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to describe herpes simplex virus (HSV) disease in neonates whose mothers received suppressive acyclovir therapy for HSV infection. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter case series of 8 infants who developed neonatal HSV disease following maternal antiviral suppressive therapy during pregnancy. RESULTS: Eight infants were identified from New ...
Carroll Kecia N KN Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rhinovirus infections are the most common significant infant respiratory tract illnesses and are associated with increased but differential risks of childhood asthma. We sought to determine whether maternal asthma is associated with higher odds of infant respiratory tract infection with rhinovirus versus RSV and increased ...
Raju Tonse N K - - 2012
This is a brief review of the developmental physiology of selected organ and functional systems in moderate and late preterm infants. This outline provides a discussion of the physiological underpinnings for some of the clinical conditions seen in this group of infants, including hypothermia, hypoglycemia, respiratory distress syndrome, transient tachypnea, ...
Zouari Asma - - 2012
The prevalence of pertussis in Tunisia remains undetermined essentially because of the unavailability of a basic laboratory diagnostic service. Specific diagnostic tools were applied for the first time in a Tunisian prospective study in order to get a first estimation of the prevalence of Bordetella pertussis/parapertussis infections and to evaluate ...
Thenin Suzie - - 2012
Several studies have shown that the early virus population present in HIV-1 infected infants usually is homogeneous when compared to the highly diversified viral population present at delivery in their mothers. We explored the antigenic and functional properties of pseudotyped viruses expressing gp120 encoded by env clones issued from four ...
Khanna Deepshikha - - 2012
  Onychomadesis, or nail shedding, is rarely seen in children and can be due to stress, systemic illnesses, trauma, and drug therapy or may be idiopathic. Fungal infection of the nail is only rarely reported as a cause of onychomadesis. We present here a case of Trichophyton tonsurans-induced onychomycosis and ...
Wakabayashi Hitomi - - 2012
Breast milk (BM) is the main source of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection. We examined whether the number of HCMV DNA copies in BM is related to HCMV infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We identified 11 pairs of VLBW infants and mothers. BM samples were collected every week ...
Michaels Brent D - - 2012
Tinea capitis is a reasonably common infection among the pediatric population; however, it is still a relatively rare entity among infants less than one year of age. As such, a high index of suspicion is necessary for diagnosis among infants and an appropriate diagnostic work up should be employed in ...
Carter Brigit Maria - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Although many therapeutic interventions are necessary for the survival of the preterm infant, understanding the potential effects of these treatments is important to decrease the rate of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between preterm infant treatments administered ...
Shim Jung Ok - - 2012
There are few reports on the symptoms of rotavirus infections in neonates. This study aims to describe clinical signs of rotavirus infections among neonates, with a particular focus on preterm infants, and to show the distribution of genotypes in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A prospective observational study was ...
Bekler Cigdem - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and morbidities of Chlamydia trachomatis infections in newborn infants. Tissue culture and direct immunofluorescence (DIF) tests were used to detect the presence of nasopharyngeal C. trachomatis infection in 35 preterm and 21 healthy term neonates. All infants were followed up ...
Caleo Grazia M - - 2012
During 2010, a community-based, sentinel site prospective surveillance system measured mortality, acute malnutrition prevalence, and the coverage of a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) intervention in four sous-préfectures of Lobaye prefecture in southwestern Central African Republic. We describe this surveillance system and its evaluation. Within 24 randomly selected sentinel sites, home ...
Owusu-Darko Sharon - - 2012
Tetanus is an acute disease manifested by motor system and autonomic nervous system instability. Maternal and neonatal tetanus occur where deliveries are performed under unsanitary circumstances and unhygienic umbilical cord practices are prevalent. Neonatal tetanus is almost always fatal in the absence of medical care. These deaths can be prevented ...
Banerjee Emily - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in birth defects identified through passive and active surveillance systems in Hennepin and Ramsey counties in Minnesota, 2006-2008. This was done by comparing birth defects identified on birth certificates through the Minnesota Department of Health's Office of the State Registrar's ...
Geevarghese Bessey - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection causes respiratory illness in all ages, and is the leading cause of hospitalizations of infants and children around the world. Those at increased risk for severe disease include infants with congenital heart disease, premature infants, children with neuromuscular disease, airway abnormalities, underlying immunodeficiencies and the ...
Khair K B - - 2012
Neonatal septicemia is one of the major health problems throughout the world. Infections are frequent and important cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal period. The objective of the present study was to find out the role of hematologic scoring system (HSS), C-reactive protein (CRP) and haptoglobin in the early ...
Wunderli Werner - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e27483 in vol. 6.].
Kholdi Nahid - - 2012
In this study, we aimed to estimate the prevalence of growth failure and identify the risk factors for this health problem in infants under two years old in Tehran, Iran. Using a cluster sampling method, 2182 infants' health files were randomly selected from eight health centers in Tehran. Growth failure ...
Bristow Benjamin N - - 2012
Despite the endemic nature of Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis infection in regions of the United States (US), there is a lack of data on echinococcosis-related mortality. To measure echinococcosis-associated mortality in the US and assess possible racial/ethnic disparities, we reviewed national-death certificate data for an 18-year period. Echinococcosis-associated deaths ...
Lavoie Pascal M - - 2012
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common chronic lung disease and major risk factor for severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection among preterm infants. The Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is involved in oxidative injury responses in the lungs. Two non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TLR4 gene have been associated with ...
Mikami Katsunaka K Deparment of Psychiatry, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan. - - 2012
Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in human health by influencing metabolic activities that result in the creation of energy and absorbable nutrients, a barrier to the colonization of pathogens, and stimulation of the immune system. The development of fecal microbiota in neonates is crucial because those bacteria are the ...
Kouéta Fla - - 2011
Objective: To determine the causes of neonatal deaths and their contributing factors. Material and Methods: We used the "three-delay model" to conduct an audit of the neonatal deaths that occurred between January 2006 and December 2010 at the Charles de Gaulle University Pediatric Hospital, in Ouagadougou. Results: The neonatal mortality ...
Bharti Gaurav - - 2011
Neonates rely on the nasal airway for their source of air; thus, any compromise in the ability to inhale will dramatically alter their ability to breathe. Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis is a rare yet serious form of airway obstruction due to overgrowth of the maxilla at the medial nasal ...
Waisman Dan - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring ventilated infants is difficult during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). This study tested the possible causes of hypoxemic episodes using a new method for monitoring chest wall movement during HFOV in newborn infants. METHODS: Three miniature motion sensors were attached to both sides of the chest and to the ...
Williams Helen - - 2011
Surgical intervention in fetal spina bifida developed from the belief that amniotic fluid damages the spinal cord in utero and low spinal pressure from failure of neural tube closure causes hindbrain herniation leading to hydrocephalus after birth for many infants with open spinal lesions. Intrauterine intervention is undergoing a randomised ...
Raghuveer Talkad S - - 2011
Appropriate resuscitation must be available for each of the more than 4 million infants born annually in the United States. Ninety percent of infants transition safely, and it is up to the physician to assess risk factors, identify the nearly 10 percent of infants who need resuscitation, and respond appropriately. ...
Salvo Vincenzo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Data comparing the effectiveness of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and of conventional mechanical ventilation in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome of very low birth weight infants are, to date, still matter of debate. We investigated the effects of first intention high-frequency oscillatory ventilation or conventional mechanical ventilation support on ...
Fonte Miguel - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Videolaryngoscopy has been developed mainly to assist difficult airway intubation. However, there is a lack of studies demonstrating the real efficacy of its use in children. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that GlideScope (Verathon Inc, Bothell, Wash) videolaryngoscope improves tracheal intubation when used by pediatric residents in ...
Hall N J - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of trans-anastomotic tube (TAT) feeding on outcome following repair of congenital duodenal obstruction (CDO). METHODS: Retrospective comparative study of all infants with CDO over 10 years. Data are median (range). Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test were used. RESULTS: Of 55 infants with CDO (48 ...
Dumond Alison Artico - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To determine the incidence of perfusion-related complications associated with indwelling femoral artery monitoring catheters in neonates and infants following introduction of a 2.5-Fr diameter, 5-cm length, polyethylene catheter (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN) to our unit. DESIGN:: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING:: Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit in a university-affiliated ...
Willis Mark W - - 2011
To determine how often the pediatric otolaryngology service is involved in the initial care of infants with an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE), to assess the usefulness of bronchoscopy and laryngoscopy in diagnosing the underlying etiology, and to describe the long-term airway outcomes and whether these patients were seen by the ...
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