Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 682
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Sainato Rebecca J - - 2013
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is endemic worldwide. Given significant rates of infectivity, all infants born to Hepatitis B surface antigen positive mothers need to receive treatment at birth, immunization and post-vaccination serologic testing. However, not all infants complete these requirements. We performed a retrospective review of the management of infants ...
Jost Ted - - 2013
Breast milk has recently been recognized as source of commensal and potential probiotic bacteria. The present study investigated whether viable strains of gut-associated obligate anaerobes are shared between the maternal and neonatal gut ecosystem via breastfeeding. Maternal faeces, breast milk and corresponding neonatal faeces collected from seven mothers-neonate pairs at ...
Serwatowska-BargieĊ‚ Agata - - 2013
Preterm infants are very susceptible to infections. Immune response mechanisms in this group of patients and factors that influence cord blood mononuclear cell populations remain poorly understood and are considered insufficient. However, competent immune functions of the cord blood mononuclear cells are also described. The aim of this work was ...
Erdemir Aydin - - 2013
Brain abscesses are uncommon complications of bacterial meningitis or sepsis in neonates and infants. The causative pathogens of brain abscess in newborns are various. Of those, Escherichia coli is rarely seen as a pathogen in brain abscess at this age. Herein we reported brain abscesses in twin infants caused by ...
Isayama Tetsuya - - 2013
Complete congenital heart block (CCHB) accompanied with neonatal lupus erythematosus is caused by an immune reaction between maternal anti-Ro/SSA antibodies and the fetal heart and is generally considered an irreversible process. This reaction mostly occurs before 30 weeks' gestation, especially between the 20th and 24th week. Reported here is an ...
Tan Tina Q - - 2013
In the United States, major epidemics of pertussis or whooping cough have occurred in the last 5 years making this disease a major public health issue. The adolescent and adult populations are the major transmitters of disease to the community. However, these epidemics have had the greatest effect on the ...
Vinikoor-Imler Lisa C - - 2013
Few studies have examined the potential relationship between air pollution and birth defects. The objective of this study was to investigate whether maternal exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5 ) and ozone (O3 ) during pregnancy is associated with birth defects among women living throughout North Carolina. Information on maternal and ...
Mialet-Marty Tiphaine - - 2013
Background: The influence of the first immunization on cardiorespiratory (CR) stability in very preterm infants is still a controversial subject. Objectives: To describe the changes induced by immunization on heart and respiratory rate variability (HRV-RRV) and to test a potential association between preimmunization profiles and postimmunization CR events. Methods: Continuous ...
Gotink Mark J - - 2013
Background: The occurrence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (SH) is partly attributed to nonhospitalized perinatal care. The Netherlands have a high frequency of home births and nonhospitalized perinatal care, and the incidence of SH is unknown. Objective: To assess the effects of home births and early hospital discharge on the incidence ...
Chitty Helen Elizabeth - - 2013
In the 21st century, neonatal exchange transfusions (ETs) are uncommon procedures usually performed in tertiary neonatal units. As junior clinical staff now lack familiarity with the procedure, it is important to maintain awareness of its complications in order to manage clinical risks and counsel parents appropriately. The study aims to ...
Shrivastava Shikha - - 2013
Humoral immune responses are protective against hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. We characterized B-cell phenotypic changes in infants of hepatitis B surface antigen positive mothers compared with normal and hepatitis B surface antigen negative infants at birth and 1 year after HBV immunization. Hepatitis B surface antigen positive infants had ...
Paksu Muhammet Sükrü - - 2013
Pertussis is one of the leading causes of death that can be prevented by vaccination. More than 600,000 deaths from pertussis occur annually, with a disproportionate number appearing in unvaccinated infants. Pertussis is particularly troublesome because it does not necessarily present itself in its commonly known classical stages. Therefore, in ...
Nupponen Irmeli - - 2013
Immaturity of the immune system renders newborns susceptible to infections. We searched for aberrations in leukocyte signalling profiles, using phospho-specific whole blood flow cytometry, in cord blood of 9 preterm (2 born before 32nd gestational week) and 9 full-term infants, born by caesarean section. Thirteen adults served as reference subjects. ...
Xu Wenhao - - 2013
A 35-year-old woman with histories of frequent failed pregnancies was pregnant after having five plasma exchange procedures during which she was given Rh (D) positive plasma as replacement and her anti-D antibody titer went from 512 to 1024. Antenatal surveillance of the fetus showed no abnormality. At 36weeks gestation she ...
Talarico Laura B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The immune response to dengue virus (DENV) primary infection in infants and young children is not well characterized. In Northern Argentina, >90% of the population was DENV-naïve before the 2009 outbreak, allowing evaluation of age-dependent primary responses to infection. METHODS: We conducted a comparative study of the immune response ...
Le Port Agnès - - 2013
According to several studies, infants whose mothers had a malaria-infected placenta (MIP) at delivery are at increased risk of a first malaria infection. Immune tolerance caused by intrauterine contact with the parasite could explain this phenomenon, but it is also known that infants who are highly exposed to Anopheles mosquitoes ...
Claure Nelson - - 2013
Premature infants show a characteristic respiratory instability that is reflected in fluctuations in ventilation and gas exchange. Adapting the respiratory support on a continuous basis to the infant's needs is challenging and not always effective. Automatic modes of respiratory support have been developed to address these limitations. This article describes ...
Sudfeld Christopher R - - 2013
Immunization and nutritional interventions are mainstays of child health programs in sub-Saharan Africa, yet few published data on their interaction exist. HIV-exposed infants (uninfected) enrolled in a randomized placebo-controlled trial of multivitamins (vitamin B-complex, C and E) conducted in Tanzania were sampled for assessment of measles IgG quantity and avidity ...
Ward Tonya L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Human milk contains a diverse population of bacteria that likely influences colonization of the infant gastrointestinal tract. Recent studies, however, have been limited to characterization of this microbial community by 16S rRNA analysis. In the present study, a metagenomic approach using Illumina sequencing of a pooled milk sample (ten ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study was designed to explore if hepatitis B virus (HBV) may be transmitted via breast milk through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), and assay the immunoprophylaxis efficacy after passive-active immunization. Methods: From year 2008 to 2012, 67720 pregnant women were screened and 1186 HBsAg-carrier mothers and their infants aged ...
Kaur Ishminder - - 2013
A retrospective cohort study was conducted on infants of mothers delivering at an inner-city hospital in October, 2009 where postpartum maternal Tdap vaccination had been initiated in May, 2008. We compared mothers and infants in a Tdap intervention group discharged July 2008 (n=250) with a pre-Tdap control group discharged July ...
Battersby Anna J - - 2013
Invasive sepsis in the newborn period is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. The infant immune system undoubtedly differs intrinsically from the mature adult immune system. Current understanding is that the newborn infant immune system displays a range of competencies and is developing rather than deficient. The ...
Granier Audrey - - 2013
Infant formulae have been shown to influence the development of the gut microbiota. Besides the probiotic- and prebiotic-containing formulae, fermented milk-based infant formulae offer an additional means for modulation of gut immunity and/or gut microbiota. These formulae are produced by the fermentation of cows' milk with specific lactic acid bacteria ...
Pan Calvin Q - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite appropriate passive and active immunization, perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) still occurs to 5%-10% of infants born to women with high levels of viremia who test positive for the HB e antigen (HBeAg). We evaluate the effects of caesarean section delivery on perinatal transmission ...
Ismail Intan H - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The overall beneficial effects of breastfeeding for infants have been well documented, but its role in allergy prevention is controversial. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between breast milk immunomodulatory factors and subsequent development of eczema and atopic sensitization in the first year of life. METHODS: Day 7 and 28 ...
Namachivayam Kopperuncholan K Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
Human milk contains substantial amounts of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, particularly the isoform TGF-β2. We previously showed in preclinical models that enterally administered TGF-β2 can protect against necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), an inflammatory bowel necrosis of premature infants. In this study we hypothesized that premature infants remain at higher risk of ...
Frydman Rene - - 2013
The number of live births from IVM oocytes has been increasing over the past two decades. Data concerning the health of IVM infants are reported by the authors of this Views and Reviews.
Cheang H K - - 2013
Introduction: This study aimed to assess the immune response in infants who received the three-shot hepatitis B vaccine in Malaysia. Methods: Consecutive infants born between March 2002 and April 2010 who received three doses of hepatitis B vaccine at a community clinic in Malaysia were enrolled in the study. Screening ...
Rana A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tribhuwan University Teaching - - 2013
Introduction: Multicenter surveillance has been carried out on maternal near-miss in the hospitals with sentinel units. Near-miss is recognized as the predictor of level of care and maternal death. Reducing Maternal Mortality Ratio is one of the challenges to achieve Millennium Development Goal. The objective was to determine the frequency ...
- - 2013
Infection with rubella virus during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, can result in congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Serious manifestations of CRS include deafness, cataracts, cardiac defects, mental retardation, and death. In the last major rubella epidemic in the United States, during 1964-1965, an estimated 12.5 million rubella virus infections ...
Zhang Qi - - 2013
Neonates and infants, due to the immaturity in their adaptive immunity, are thought to depend largely on the innate immune system for protection against bacterial infection. However, the innate immunity-mediated antimicrobial response in neonates and infants is incompletely characterized. Here, we report that infant mice were more susceptible to microbial ...
Mehler K - - 2013
A late preterm infant was born 4.5 h after intraamniotic injection of 90 mg of Toluidine blue to confirm premature rupture of membranes. Due to the fetal exposition to the dye, the entire body of the patient was blue stained and the baby suffered from methemoglobinemia, Heinz' body positive hemolytic ...
Allee Joy I - - 2013
A 2 month old, 51 kg female infant underwent neuraxial anesthesia for repair of a right inguinal hernia. After two unsuccessful attempts at obtaining free-flowing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the L3-L4 lumbar interspace with a 25-gauge (G) neonatal spinal needle, clear CSF was obtained using a Quincke 22-G needle. After ...
Winters Alexandra H - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Ureaplasma spp. respiratory tract colonization is a risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants, but differences in host susceptibility have not been elucidated. We hypothesized that variants in genes regulating the innate immune response are associated with altered risk for Ureaplasma spp. Respiratory colonization and BPD in ...
Saitoh Aya - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine if providing perinatal immunization education positively changes the immunization status of infants, influences the infant immunization knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of mothers and affects the intent to vaccinate children in Japan where immunization education is limited. METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited from three sites in Tokyo, Japan ...
Xu Z W - - 2013
SUMMARY This study examined the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of measles in Wenzhou, China. From 2000 to 2010, a total of 13271 measles cases were reported in Wenzhou, with epidemics occurring every 3-4 years. Forty-five per cent of the cases were aged <1 year and 27·2% were aged >14 years. ...
Patience Sara - - 2013
There has been a lot of public health interest in vitamin D since the documented resurgence of rickets in children, the identification of widespread vitamin D deficiency and the growing understanding of the role vitamin D plays in the immune system. Some people are at greater risk of vitamin D ...
Gray Charmaine - - 2013
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) that is unresponsive to conventional treatment is uncommon. In this situation, additional therapeutic options are limited and management is challenging. We describe the case of a 10-week-old infant that developed life-threatening ITP that was unresponsive to immunoglobulin and corticosteroids that was successfully managed with the monoclonal ...
Campbell Lauren - - 2013
Although previous research has examined the relationships between caregiver proximal soothing and infant pain, there is a paucity of work taking infant age into account, despite the steep developmental trajectory that occurs across the infancy period. Moreover, no studies have differentially examined the relationships between caregiver proximal soothing and initial ...
Wen Wan-Hsin - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Immunoprophylaxis reduces but does not completely eradicate hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission. This prospective study aims to assess the rate and risk factors of maternally transmitted HBV infection. METHODS: We enrolled 303 mother-infant pairs with positive maternal hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) under current immunization program. Maternal ...
O'Connor Thomas G - - 2013
Prenatal anxiety has been linked with altered immune function in offspring in animal studies, but the relevance for human health is unknown. We examined prenatal maternal anxiety as a predictor of adaptive immunity in infants at 2 and 6 months of age as part of a prospective longitudinal study. The ...
Nieves Delma - - 2013
We analyzed data from 10 young infants who received exchange blood transfusions for management of severe pertussis. Our data are insufficient to address efficacy of the procedure, but our data, as well as previous reports in the literature, indicate that if the procedure is to be successful, it should be ...
Ichikawa T - - 2013
BACKGROUNDS: Levels of maternal antibodies decrease more quickly in preterm than term infants, leaving them unprotected against measles. To protect premature infants from measles, an early vaccination trial was investigated. METHODS: Changes in the serum measles neutralization test (NT) antibody titer were examined in 152 infants (average gestational period of ...
Wynn J L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Sepsis in older children and adults modifies immune system function. We compared serotype-specific antibody responses to heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in very low birth weight infants (<1500 g,VLBWs) with and without blood stream infection (BSI) during their birth hospitalization.STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data for the Neonatal Research Network ...
Celik Istemi Han - - 2013
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection continues to be a serious global health problem. During the course of HBV vaccination, we observed C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation in term infants without sepsis. Therefore, we prospectively studied interleukin-6 (IL-6) and CRP responses to HBV immunization. In 70 healthy term infants without signs and ...
Hak Eelko - - 2013
Since implementation of infant immunization with 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7), increased rates of pneumococcal pneumonia have been reported among adults. Using a cohort of mother-infant pairs identified from the General Practice Research Database in the UK we found that from 2006 to 2010 the annual incidence rate of pneumococcal ...
Russell Elizabeth S ES Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7295, - - 2013
Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 subtype C can occur in utero, intrapartum, or via breast milk exposure. While not well understood, there are putative differences in the mechanisms involved with the distinct routes of vertical HIV transmission. Here, we address the question of whether specific viral characteristics are common to variants ...
Matamoros Sebastien - - 2013
Throughout the human lifetime, the intestinal microbiota performs vital functions, such as barrier function, metabolic reactions, trophic effects, and maturation of the host's innate and adaptive immune responses. Development of the intestinal microbiota in infants is characterized by rapid and large changes in microbial abundance, diversity, and composition. These changes ...
Meregaglia Michela - - 2013
Pertussis incidence in Piemonte (Italy) is now at the lowest level ever reached (0.85 per 100,000 in 2010) but the disease is still endemic in infants (54 per 100,000 in 2005-2010). Parental "cocoon" immunization has been proposed in some countries (i.e. United States, France) as a measure to protect newborns ...
Jeppesen Dorthe Lisbeth - - 2013
Objective. To evaluate the immune function in HIV-exposed uninfected (HIV-EU) infants fed human donor milk. Methods. Ultrasound-obtained thymic index (Ti), T-lymphocyte subsets, and the number of infections were examined from birth to 18 months of age in 18 HIV-EU infants. The infants were compared to a cohort of 47 term, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >