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Forsberg Anna A Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Unit of Autoimmunity and Immune Regulation, Division of Clinical Immunology, Linköping University, SE-581 85 Linköping, - - 2014
Mice models indicate that intact Toll like receptor (TLR) signaling may be essential for the allergy protective effects of diverse bacterial exposure observed in clinical trials and epidemiological studies. Probiotic supplementation with Lactobacillus reuteri from pregnancy week 36 and to the infant through the first year of life decreased the ...
Urbaniak Camilla C Lawson Health Research Institute, 268 Grosvenor Street, London, ON N6A 4V2, Canada ; Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Western University, London, ON N6A 5C1, - - 2014
Human milk is an important source of bacteria for the developing infant and has been shown to influence the bacterial composition of the neonatal gut, which in turn can affect disease risk later in life. Human milk is also an important source of nutrients, influencing bacterial composition but also directly ...
Balloch Anne A *Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia, #Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, †Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia, ^Menzies School of Health Research, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Australia, ¥London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, - - 2013
Australian indigenous infants experience the highest incidence of chronic suppurative and acute otitis media in the world with many babies developing disease in the early postnatal period. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the major cause of otitis media in this population. Infants are protected against bacterial disease in the first months of ...
Celen Mustafa Kemal MK Mustafa Kemal Celen, Celal Ayaz, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, 21280 Yenişehir, Diyarbakir, - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) use during late pregnancy to reduce hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission in highly viremic mothers. This retrospective study included 45 pregnant patients with hepatitis B e antigen (+) chronic hepatitis B and HBV DNA levels > 10(7) copies/mL who received TDF ...
Imamura Takashi T 1Department of Pediatrics, Takeda General Hospital, Aizu Wakamatsu, - - 2013
The purpose was to review our experiences and determine if applying the sky blue method is reliable in confirming gastric tube (GT) placement in neonates. Methods: The study population consisted of 44 infants (55 placements) who were admitted to the Takeda General Hospital between April 2012 and March 2013 and ...
Kuperman Amir A Pediatric Hematology Clinic and Coagulation Service, Western Galilee Hospital, Naharia, Israel; Faculty of Medicine in the Galilee, Bar-Ilan University, Safed, - - 2013
Pertussis is an important cause of infant death worldwide and continues to be a public health concern even in countries with high vaccination coverage. Severe (critical) pertussis with hyperleukocytosis is a severe form of the disease with up to 80% mortality rate. Attempts have been reported to reduce the white ...
Musallam Nadira - - 2013
We describe an 8-month-old infant with infantile spasms treated with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) who presented with fatal Legionella pneumophila and Pneumocystis jirovecii infection. Emphasis is placed on the ensuing immunosuppression and infectious sequelae of ACTH therapy. Given that ACTH therapy may increase the risk of fatal infection, patients undergoing such ...
Fooladi Abbas Ali Imani - - 2013
The prevalence of allergic diseases among infants is increasing particularly in developed countries. Although, the exact reason is not clear yet, one of the most probable explanations is reducing microbial exposure during early life and consequent alteration of gut microbiota. Various factors including delivery mode, infant`s diet, environment and antibiotics ...
Glaser Kirsten - - 2013
Altered neonatal Toll-like receptor (TLR) function is hypothesized to contribute to the heightened susceptibility to infection and perpetuated inflammation in term and preterm neonates, clinically evident in neonatal sepsis and increased rates of inflammatory disorders. Current data indicate that basal TLR expression in term neonates equals adult expression patterns, while ...
Gregory Katherine E KE W.F. Connell School of Nursing, Boston College, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA, - - 2013
Exposure to the immunologic factors found in maternal breast milk has been shown to compensate for the immature immune system that characterizes the preterm infant. Feeding preterm infants with human milk not only provides protection from disease pathogenesis and ensures an optimal source of nutrients in the short term, but ...
Moro Pedro L PL Immunization Safety Office, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, the Birth Defects Branch, Division of Birth Defects & Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects & Developmental Disabilities, the Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Workforce Branch, Office of Public Health Scientific Services, and the Women's Health and Fertility Branch, Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Department of Pediatrics, Emory School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; and the Office of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, - - 2013
To characterize maternal and infant outcomes for pregnant women who received live H1N1 influenza vaccine and had no reported adverse events. We identified Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System reports, which described receipt of live H1N1 vaccine during pregnancy without an indication of an adverse event at the time of the ...
Smolen Kinga K - - 2013
Susceptibility to infection as well as response to vaccination varies among populations. To date, the underlying mechanisms responsible for these clinical observations have not been fully delineated. Because innate immunity instructs adaptive immunity, we hypothesized that differences between populations in innate immune responses may represent a mechanistic link to variation ...
Jans Jop - - 2013
RSV infections are a major burden in infants less than 3 months of age. Newborns and infants express a distinct immune system that is largely dependent on innate immunity and passive immunity from maternal antibodies. Antibodies can regulate immune responses against viruses through interaction with Fc gamma receptors leading to enhancement ...
Mejias Asuncion - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of viral lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and hospitalization in infants. Mostly because of the incomplete understanding of the disease pathogenesis, there is no licensed vaccine, and treatment remains symptomatic. We analyzed whole blood transcriptional profiles to characterize the global host immune ...
Takcı Sahin S Division of Neonatology Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey - - 2013
Rhesus (Rh) hemolytic disease of the newborn represents a broad spectrum of symptoms in the fetus and newborn, ranging from mild to severe hemolytic anemia and hydrops fetalis. Cholestasis is a common problem in infants with immune hydrops fetalis (IHF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence ...
Frew Paula M - - 2013
Objective: We examined pregnant women's likelihood of vaccinating their infants against seasonal influenza via a randomized message framing study. Using Prospect Theory, we tested gain- and loss-frame message effects and demographic and psychosocial correlates of influenza immunization intention. We also explored interactions among pregnant women who viewed "Contagion" to understand ...
Auger Katherine A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Recent universal vaccination efforts among children in the United States have markedly changed hospitalization patterns for many vaccine-preventable diseases. Infants with pertussis often require hospitalization to monitor for potentially life-threatening respiratory failure. In 2006, tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination was recommended for universal administration to adolescents, a known source of pertussis ...
Anders Katherine L - - 2013
In Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, more than one-third of admissions to the two paediatric hospitals are attributable to four infectious syndromes: dengue, diarrhoeal disease, acute respiratory infection, and hand, foot and mouth disease. We have established a large prospective birth cohort study to investigate individual, environmental, virological, and immunological ...
Li Jian - - 2013
To evaluate proportion and predictors of poor response in infants and appraise booster seroprotection, we surveyed 2047 infants in Shanghai and detected antibody to hepatitis B (HB) surface antigen (anti-HBs). Poor responders were randomized into 2 groups, given booster with 5 µg and 10 µg hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), respectively. ...
Civardi Elisa - - 2013
Abstract Human milk has been traditionally considered germ free, however, recent studies have shown that it represents a continuous supply of commensal and potentially probiotic bacteria to the infant gut. Mammary microbioma may exercise anti-infective, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and metabolic properties. Moreover human milk may be a source of pathogenic microorganism ...
Pfister K M - - 2013
We report a case of non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) in an infant whose mother had recurrent HSV-2 infection. In spite of prematurity, severe disseminated infection and hydrops, the infant survived and was neurologically intact. HSV-2-induced NIHF is extremely rare, particularly in the ...
Pesco Pablo - - 2013
Pertussis or whooping cough is a vaccine-preventable respiratory disease that has reemerged in the past decades. A higher morbidity and mortality has been recorded in infants, although cases have also been reported in adolescents and adults. The epidemiological scenario for this condition has urged to review and implement new strategies ...
Takci Sahin - - 2013
We aimed to define the etiologic and prognostic factors in live-born infants with hydrops fetalis (HF) in our tertiary neonatal intensive care unit over a 10-year period. Medical records of newborn infants with HF during 2002-2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic data, prenatal interventions, clinical and laboratory findings, outcomes, and the ...
Rafeey Mandana M Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR - - 2013
Human breast milk, the sole source of nutrition during the early neonatal period, is rich in nutrients, hormones, growth factors, and immunoactive molecules, which influence the growth, development, and immune status of the newborn infant. It had long been thought that breast milk is an adequate source of anthracitic activity ...
Koklu Esad - - 2013
Abstract Newborn infants are born with an immature innate immunity. They are less likely to develop anaphylaxis since their immune system is weaker than older infants and children. There are only a few reports of side effects after vitamin K injection in neonates although prophylaxis against hemorrhagic disease of the ...
Moyer Cheryl A - - 2013
To determine whether facility delivery is related to compliance with recommended infant immunizations, particularly those that occur weeks or months after delivery. In a retrospective analysis, multivariate logistic regression was used to assess data from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) to determine the strongest correlates of facility ...
Steinhoff Mark C - - 2013
The strategy of prenatal maternal immunization to protect the pregnant woman and her infant was first used with tetanus toxoid, when it was recognized that young infants had very high rates of tetanus disease, well before the age when infant immunizations are provided. Antenatal immunization has now been recommended and ...
Sainato Rebecca J - - 2013
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is endemic worldwide. Given significant rates of infectivity, all infants born to Hepatitis B surface antigen positive mothers need to receive treatment at birth, immunization and post-vaccination serologic testing. However, not all infants complete these requirements. We performed a retrospective review of the management of infants ...
Jost Ted - - 2013
Breast milk has recently been recognized as source of commensal and potential probiotic bacteria. The present study investigated whether viable strains of gut-associated obligate anaerobes are shared between the maternal and neonatal gut ecosystem via breastfeeding. Maternal faeces, breast milk and corresponding neonatal faeces collected from seven mothers-neonate pairs at ...
Serwatowska-Bargieł Agata - - 2013
Preterm infants are very susceptible to infections. Immune response mechanisms in this group of patients and factors that influence cord blood mononuclear cell populations remain poorly understood and are considered insufficient. However, competent immune functions of the cord blood mononuclear cells are also described. The aim of this work was ...
Erdemir Aydin - - 2013
Brain abscesses are uncommon complications of bacterial meningitis or sepsis in neonates and infants. The causative pathogens of brain abscess in newborns are various. Of those, Escherichia coli is rarely seen as a pathogen in brain abscess at this age. Herein we reported brain abscesses in twin infants caused by ...
Isayama Tetsuya - - 2013
Complete congenital heart block (CCHB) accompanied with neonatal lupus erythematosus is caused by an immune reaction between maternal anti-Ro/SSA antibodies and the fetal heart and is generally considered an irreversible process. This reaction mostly occurs before 30 weeks' gestation, especially between the 20th and 24th week. Reported here is an ...
Tan Tina Q - - 2013
In the United States, major epidemics of pertussis or whooping cough have occurred in the last 5 years making this disease a major public health issue. The adolescent and adult populations are the major transmitters of disease to the community. However, these epidemics have had the greatest effect on the ...
Vinikoor-Imler Lisa C - - 2013
Few studies have examined the potential relationship between air pollution and birth defects. The objective of this study was to investigate whether maternal exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5 ) and ozone (O3 ) during pregnancy is associated with birth defects among women living throughout North Carolina. Information on maternal and ...
Mialet-Marty Tiphaine - - 2013
Background: The influence of the first immunization on cardiorespiratory (CR) stability in very preterm infants is still a controversial subject. Objectives: To describe the changes induced by immunization on heart and respiratory rate variability (HRV-RRV) and to test a potential association between preimmunization profiles and postimmunization CR events. Methods: Continuous ...
Gotink Mark J - - 2013
Background: The occurrence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (SH) is partly attributed to nonhospitalized perinatal care. The Netherlands have a high frequency of home births and nonhospitalized perinatal care, and the incidence of SH is unknown. Objective: To assess the effects of home births and early hospital discharge on the incidence ...
Chitty Helen Elizabeth - - 2013
In the 21st century, neonatal exchange transfusions (ETs) are uncommon procedures usually performed in tertiary neonatal units. As junior clinical staff now lack familiarity with the procedure, it is important to maintain awareness of its complications in order to manage clinical risks and counsel parents appropriately. The study aims to ...
Paksu Muhammet Sükrü - - 2013
Pertussis is one of the leading causes of death that can be prevented by vaccination. More than 600,000 deaths from pertussis occur annually, with a disproportionate number appearing in unvaccinated infants. Pertussis is particularly troublesome because it does not necessarily present itself in its commonly known classical stages. Therefore, in ...
Shrivastava Shikha S Department of Research, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
Humoral immune responses are protective against hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. We characterized B-cell phenotypic changes in infants of hepatitis B surface antigen positive mothers compared with normal and hepatitis B surface antigen negative infants at birth and 1 year after HBV immunization. Hepatitis B surface antigen positive infants had ...
Nupponen Irmeli - - 2013
Immaturity of the immune system renders newborns susceptible to infections. We searched for aberrations in leukocyte signalling profiles, using phospho-specific whole blood flow cytometry, in cord blood of 9 preterm (2 born before 32nd gestational week) and 9 full-term infants, born by caesarean section. Thirteen adults served as reference subjects. ...
Xu Wenhao - - 2013
A 35-year-old woman with histories of frequent failed pregnancies was pregnant after having five plasma exchange procedures during which she was given Rh (D) positive plasma as replacement and her anti-D antibody titer went from 512 to 1024. Antenatal surveillance of the fetus showed no abnormality. At 36weeks gestation she ...
Talarico Laura B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The immune response to dengue virus (DENV) primary infection in infants and young children is not well characterized. In Northern Argentina, >90% of the population was DENV-naïve before the 2009 outbreak, allowing evaluation of age-dependent primary responses to infection. METHODS: We conducted a comparative study of the immune response ...
Le Port Agnès - - 2013
According to several studies, infants whose mothers had a malaria-infected placenta (MIP) at delivery are at increased risk of a first malaria infection. Immune tolerance caused by intrauterine contact with the parasite could explain this phenomenon, but it is also known that infants who are highly exposed to Anopheles mosquitoes ...
Claure Nelson - - 2013
Premature infants show a characteristic respiratory instability that is reflected in fluctuations in ventilation and gas exchange. Adapting the respiratory support on a continuous basis to the infant's needs is challenging and not always effective. Automatic modes of respiratory support have been developed to address these limitations. This article describes ...
Sudfeld Christopher R - - 2013
Immunization and nutritional interventions are mainstays of child health programs in sub-Saharan Africa, yet few published data on their interaction exist. HIV-exposed infants (uninfected) enrolled in a randomized placebo-controlled trial of multivitamins (vitamin B-complex, C and E) conducted in Tanzania were sampled for assessment of measles IgG quantity and avidity ...
Ward Tonya L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Human milk contains a diverse population of bacteria that likely influences colonization of the infant gastrointestinal tract. Recent studies, however, have been limited to characterization of this microbial community by 16S rRNA analysis. In the present study, a metagenomic approach using Illumina sequencing of a pooled milk sample (ten ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study was designed to explore if hepatitis B virus (HBV) may be transmitted via breast milk through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), and assay the immunoprophylaxis efficacy after passive-active immunization. Methods: From year 2008 to 2012, 67720 pregnant women were screened and 1186 HBsAg-carrier mothers and their infants aged ...
Kaur Ishminder - - 2013
A retrospective cohort study was conducted on infants of mothers delivering at an inner-city hospital in October, 2009 where postpartum maternal Tdap vaccination had been initiated in May, 2008. We compared mothers and infants in a Tdap intervention group discharged July 2008 (n=250) with a pre-Tdap control group discharged July ...
Battersby Anna J - - 2013
Invasive sepsis in the newborn period is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. The infant immune system undoubtedly differs intrinsically from the mature adult immune system. Current understanding is that the newborn infant immune system displays a range of competencies and is developing rather than deficient. The ...
Granier Audrey - - 2013
Infant formulae have been shown to influence the development of the gut microbiota. Besides the probiotic- and prebiotic-containing formulae, fermented milk-based infant formulae offer an additional means for modulation of gut immunity and/or gut microbiota. These formulae are produced by the fermentation of cows' milk with specific lactic acid bacteria ...
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