Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 710
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Claeys D - - 1996
Human type A chronic gastritis or autoimmune gastritis (AIG) is associated with gastric H,K-ATPase-specific autoantibodies (HKAb). The pathogenic role of the HKAb and the triggering autoantigen(s) are unknown. In a mouse model, neonatal thymectomy (nTx) induces AIG, which is likely T cell mediated, although HKAb are always present. Our aim ...
Shalika S - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a simplified 80% Mono-Percoll sperm separation procedure on both normal and male factor semen samples compared with the standard swim-up technique. The parameters examined include sperm concentration, motility and morphology, total motile functional spermatozoa and percentage recovery. Normal patients ...
Zabel E W - - 1995
Fish-specific toxic equivalency factors (TEFs), which relate the toxic potency of polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs) to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) based on the endpoint of early life stage mortality, have been used in assessing the risk to fish early life stage survival of complex mixtures of PHAHs in feral fish eggs. Use ...
Ng E - - 1995
PURPOSE: A higher proportion of male offspring has been observed after transferring faster-developing embryos in a number of animal species. Therefore, we evaluated the correlation between the sex ratio of delivered babies and the cleavage stage of transferred embryos in a human IVF-ET program. METHODS: The sex of infants born ...
Patrizio P - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess if epididymal sperm cryopreserved 24 hours after exposure to oocytes in conventional IVF can be successfully used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in a subsequent cycle. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University of California, Irvine, Center for Reproductive Health. PATIENTS: Two men with obstructive azoospermia requiring microsurgical epididymal ...
Warkentin K M - - 1995
The life histories of many animals are characterized by niche shifts, the timing of which can strongly affect fitness. In the tree frog Agalychnis callidryas, which has arboreal eggs, there is a trade-off between predation risks before and after hatching. When eggs are attacked by snakes, tadpoles escape by hatching ...
Fujii S - - 1995
The NC-eob mice are mutants having open eyelids at birth with complete penetrance. Detailed scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy for study of the eyelid development of NC-eob embryos/fetuses were performed at days 13 to 17 of gestation and compared with normal NC mice, with the aim of investigating the ...
Puri P - - 1995
Fifty-two infants (75 ureters) with primary high-grade vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) treated endoscopically by subureteric injection of Polytef paste (STING) were followed up for 1-9 years. There were 30 boys and 22 girls and their ages ranged from 2 to 12 months. Forty-five percent of ureters had grade III VUR, 40% ...
Eid L N - - 1994
The objective of this study was to determine whether the initiation and length of the zygotic S-phase differs for embryos sired by bulls demonstrating high versus low fertility in vivo. Bovine oocytes were matured in vitro for 24-27 h and fertilized with frozen-thawed bovine semen. Six bulls that differed in ...
De Wolf D D Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, - - 1994
Adenosine is an endogenous nucleoside acting on coronary perfusion and myocardial conduction. Although the anti-arrhythmic effects of adenosine have been known for decades, interest in the use of adenosine or adenosine triphosphate (ATP- a precursor of adenosine) in termination of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) has been renewed. We studied the use ...
Anderson S - - 1994
Butylated hydroxytoluene is an antioxidant that has antiviral properties and sustains sperm viability during freezing and thawing. A field trial involving 11 bulls and 19,000 AI was conducted to determine whether addition of .5 mM butylated hydroxytoluene to whole milk extender during seminal processing affected bull fertility as estimated by ...
French N A - - 1994
1. Turkey eggs were incubated at 36.5, 37.5 and 38.5 degrees C. The age of mortality, the incidence of malpositions and the incidence of morphological abnormalities were recorded from all unhatched eggs. 2. Eggs incubated at 36.5 degrees C hatched later than eggs incubated at 37.5 degrees C but did ...
Check J H - - 1994
Two centers have independently reported a higher rate of male to female births following insemination of sperm prepared by a modified swim-up technique. The principle of the modified swim-up is that a small percentage of the x-bearing sperm are the fastest and travel to the top of the supernatant, followed ...
Matsumura M - - 1994
Myocardial mitochondrial function after acute adriamycin exposure was compared in infant and adult mice. Heart mitochondrial were isolated 48 h after an intraperitoneal injection of adriamycin. Concentrations of adriamycin in serum and heart tissue were not significantly different between infant and adult mice. Oxygen consumption (state 3 respiration), and respiratory ...
Iwanaka T - - 1994
Infants with hemangiomas of the eyelid and orbit are at risk for amblyopia and refractive errors. Several methods of treatment for these tumors have been associated with complications and limitations. Five infants with these hemangiomas were treated by intralesional corticosteroid injection combined with short-term oral prednisolone. In an attempt to ...
Anderson M - - 1994
Follicle cells were removed by dissection from early vitellogenic oocytes of the cockroach Blattella germanica. The vibrating probe was used to record steady currents from 19 defolliculated oocytes and 19 intact follicles of the same developmental stage. Defolliculated oocytes generated currents that were stable and distinguishable (by intensity or selective ...
Wada I - - 1994
The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the birth characteristics and perinatal mortality of babies conceived from the use of cryopreserved embryos with those resulting from in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and fresh embryo transfer. A total of 232 consecutive births, one pregnancy termination and a total of 283 babies ...
Bylemans D - - 1994
Injection of crude extracts of late vitellogenic ovaries into staged females of the grey fleshfly Neobellieria (Sarcophaga) bullata inhibited oocyte development and biosynthesis of trypsin-like enzymes in the gut. Trypsin synthesis in N. bullata is cyclic and is correlated with egg development, which is discontinuous. A trypsin modulating oostatic factor ...
Butler A B - - 1994
The evolution of the dorsal thalamus in various vertebrate lineages of jawed vertebrates has been an enigma, partly due to two prevalent misconceptions: the belief that the multitude of nuclei in the dorsal thalamus of mammals could be meaningfully compared neither with the relatively few nuclei in the dorsal thalamus ...
Peebles E D - - 1993
The influence of creating and closing acoustic windows on embryonic and posthatch development for the purpose of chicken embryogenesis monitoring by real-time ultrasonography (US) was evaluated at 2, 6, 9, 14, and 17 days of incubation. Acoustic windows were closed using either a porous dialysis film and tape (FM) or ...
Williams M - - 1993
This study aimed to determine the number and distribution of spermatozoa within the human Fallopian tubes around ovulation. Parous women, undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy for menorrhagia, were inseminated with either partner's semen (3/10) or donor semen (7/10). Approximately 18 h later both Fallopian tubes were ligatured into ampullary, isthmic and ...
Halling A - - 1993
Neonatal female mice of the NMRI strain were treated s.c. with 5 micrograms of the synthetic oestrogen diethylstilboestrol (DES) or vehicle only (olive oil; controls) for the first 5 days after birth. Embryos at the two-cell stage from control females were transferred to the oviducts of control females or DES-treated ...
Gunn T M - - 1993
The SELH/Bc (SELH) inbred stock of mice has a high liability to the neural tube closure defect, exencephaly. All SELH embryos close their cranial neural tubes by an abnormal mechanism, lacking elevation and initiation of fusion in the posterior prosencephalon/anterior mesencephalon region. Most embryos complete closure of the cranial neural ...
Martinez-Alos S - - 1993
The paired vitellaria of the parasitic plathelminth Dicrocoelium dendriticum are composed of numerous follicles each of which contains vitellocytes at different stages of maturation and is enveloped by a basal lamina-like structure and a cytoplasmic sheath. The differentiation process of vitellocytes has been subdivided into three stages on the basis ...
Bregengaard C - - 1993
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a feed back inhibitor of the initial activation of the extrinsic pathway of coagulation. In humans, injection of heparin results in a 2-6 fold increase in plasma TFPI and recent studies suggest that TFPI may be important for the anticoagulant activity of heparin. Full ...
Stiekema J C - - 1993
1. The anti-clotting effects after intravenous administration of three low molecular weight (LMW) heparins, Fragmin (KABI 2165), Fraxiparine (CY 216), Clexane (PK 10169) and the LMW mixture of glycosaminoglycuronans Orgaran (Org 10172) were compared in a randomized cross-over study in 12 healthy male volunteers. 2. The time courses of the ...
Schenker J G - - 1993
There are potential interventions in the pre-embryo stage in order to improve the clinical results of assisted reproductive technology, live-birth per cycle of treatment, and to prevent the birth of offspring with genetic aberrations. The following therapeutic measures can be potentially applied to the pre-embryo: improvement of culture conditions, pre-embryo ...
Miyoshi H - - 1993
The rebleeding rate after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy was studied in 237 patients with esophageal varices, and the optimal outcome of treatment was determined. Two new categories, RC(2-) and F0, were added to the classification scheme of endoscopic findings of varices in Japan. RC(2-) represents a state in which no veins, ...
Tan H S HS Department of Physiology I, Faculty of Medicine, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The - - 1993
It has been proposed that a common velocity-storage mechanism is responsible for the prolongation of vestibular nystagmus beyond the duration of the change in firing frequency of primary vestibular fibers in response to a step in velocity, and for the production of optokinetic afternystagmus (OKAN). In a previous study, bilateral ...
Young T J - - 1992
165 college students completed a survey containing a measure of misconceptions about human aggression and attitudinal items on the death penalty from a 1985 Gallup report. Analysis did not provide strong support for the hypothesis that subjects with relatively high numbers of misconceptions about human aggression are more likely than ...
Fasenko G M - - 1992
Embryos of eggs from Single Comb White Leghorn hens were analyzed to determine whether duration of egg storage significantly affects embryonic development prior to incubation. Eggs were gathered over a period of 5 days from 25-wk-old hens that were naturally inseminated and housed in floor pens. Within 1 h of ...
Chaves F - - 1992
Venom from newborn Bothrops asper snakes has higher lethal, hemorrhagic, edema-forming, proteolytic and defibrinating activities than venom from adult B. asper specimens. Electrophoretic analysis confirmed the variation between these venoms. Intramuscular injection of 100 micrograms of venom from newborn specimens in mice induced defibrination, together with moderate increments of serum ...
Goelst K - - 1992
Neonatal lambs failed to respond with an increase in body temperature to i.v. injection of both endotoxin (0.4 microgram/kg), a Gram-negative bacterial pyrogen, and the cell walls of Staphylococcus aureus (1 x 10(9), a Gram-positive bacterial pyrogen. However, the fall in serum iron concentration that normally accompanies injection of both ...
Andrews J C - - 1992
The ability of domestic cat or leopard cat spermatozoa to penetrate zonae pellucidae (ZP) of salt-stored, domestic cat oocytes was examined as an assay for sperm capacitation. Ovarian oocytes were recovered after ovariectomy and matured in vitro for 18-36 h. Following removal of cumulus cells, the oocytes were used fresh, ...
Tsai C L - - 1992
Previous studies on osteoarthritic changes induced by intraarticular injections of estradiol benzoate (EB) suggest estrogen as a risk factor in the development of knee osteoarthritis (OA). The present study observed the anti-arthritic effects of tamoxifen (TMX). Oophorectomized rabbits were subjected to intraarticular injections of vehicle control, EB, TMX, or EB/TMX ...
Daly J M - - 1992
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the site utilized by nurses for administering Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Pertussis (DPT) injections to infants under 7 months of age. Twenty-six of the 28 agencies identified in a metropolitan area as administering DPT injections chose to participate in the study. ...
Morgan J B - - 1991
The objective of this investigation was to determine the effect of calcium chloride (CaCl2) injection on Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBS), sensory panel ratings, and collagen traits of mature cow beef. Within 30 min of exsanguination, subprimals (top round, TR; top sirloin, TS; strip loin, SL) from alternate sides of the ...
Mumcuoglu K Y - - 1991
Fourteen pediculicides currently available in Israel were evaluated for their killing effect on the eggs, nymphs and adults from a laboratory-grown colony of body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus). The efficacy of all pediculicides was determined after a single treatment. The exposure time of the lice to the preparations was according ...
Balog J M - - 1991
The objective of the present study was to determine whether indomethacin, an inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis, could improve shell quality in birds laying a high incidence (greater than 15%) of soft-shelled (SS) and shell-less (SL) eggs and in birds laying exclusively hard-shelled (HS) eggs. Treatments consisted of two injection types, ...
Mohammed H O - - 1991
An indexing system for hygiene variables associated with egg production was developed by use of data collected from chicken flocks in southern California. The data were analyzed by factor and regression analysis. On the basis of our findings, hygiene index in relation to egg production consists of ventilation system, cooling ...
Tummon I S - - 1991
The utility of in vitro fertilization (IVF) for refractory infertility associated with endometriosis was studied by reviewing the 6-year experience with IVF and pregnancy follow-up at University Hospital, London, Ontario. Two hundred forty cycles were begun in 124 couples in whom endometriosis was the sole identified cause of infertility. In ...
Sakamoto M K - - 1991
Fourteen- and 15-day mouse embryos treated with triamcinolone on day 11 of gestation were examined for the presence of variant rugae. Nontreated mouse embryos served as controls. Variant rugae found were classified into five types. All five types of variations (bifurcation, division, supernumerary, shortness and cross) were observed in triamcinolone-treated ...
Aye R W - - 1991
Enzymatic debridement of the pleural cavity for retained hemothorax or empyema is a frequently overlooked option. Thirteen of fourteen patients (93%) with retained pleural collections underwent successful enzymatic debridement and tube drainage with purified streptokinase injections. The average increase in chest tube output following streptokinase injections was 158%. No significant ...
Sharma V - - 1991
Fifty-nine patients underwent 74 peritoneal oocyte and sperm transfer procedures. Forty-nine had previously failed treatment with inseminated frozen donor sperm and 10 had unexplained infertility. All procedures were carried out under ultrasound direction on an outpatient basis without general anesthetic by the transabdominal or vaginal route. Eighteen (24%) procedures resulted ...
Tournaye H - - 1991
The banked sperm of 5 of 13 Hodgkin patients was thawed for assisted reproduction. The post-thaw sperm characteristics were extremely impaired. Nevertheless, in 80% of all trials fertilization in vitro was obtained and conceptus could be transferred. All spouses became pregnant and seven healthy infants were born. One could recommend ...
Hayes D K - - 1991
Field-collected and laboratory-reared gypsy moth eggs were exposed to microgravity, cosmic radiation, sub-freezing temperatures, unusual vibrations, and other extraterrestrial phenomena while they were sealed for 6 days, in January, in a Get-Away-Special (GAS) canister in the open bay of a NASA earth-orbiting spacecraft, the Columbia. Insects were not exposed to ...
Lefebvre F - - 1990
The physical and emotional condition of the mother delivering a premature or low birth weight infant may be quite different than that of the mother of a healthy term infant when initiating breast-feeding. Despite this difference, incidence and duration of lactation among mothers of pre-term or low birth weight infants ...
Tyler C R - - 1990
This report describes the dynamics of oocyte growth during vitellogenesis in a population of virgin female rainbow trout. Indices of ovarian development increased dramatically during the period of study: the gonadosomatic index (GSI) increased over 50-fold, reaching a peak of 20 just before ovulation; the mean oocyte diameter increased from ...
Ostrovska K - - 1990
Ascogregarina saraviae n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Lecudinidae) is described from wild-caught Lutzomyia lichyi (Diptera: Psychodidae) females. Gametocysts adhered to the hemocoel side of the genital accessory gland walls and oocysts were injected into their lumina. Sporulated oocysts were ellipsoidal, 12.4 x 5.8 (11.6-13.1 x 5.6-5.9) micrometers, contained eight sporozoites and a ...
Clark B J - - 1990
The effects of microsurgical reopening of the neural tube were examined in chick embryos of Stages 12-18. The roof plate of the thoracic neural tube was incised for a length equivalent to 7 somites. The site of incision was studied histologically and by SEM and TEM at intervals up to ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >