Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 752
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Sim Ki-Bum - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: There are controversies over the pattern of glial differentiation in spinal open neural tube defect (ONTD) at the prenatal stage. A surgical model of ONTD allows a more precise comparison of glial differentiation between the ONTD and control groups than chemical and genetic models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate ...
Rothman Jessica M - - 2002
Mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) are critically endangered, remaining only in two isolated populations in Central Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of intestinal parasites in a single group of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda over 7 weeks from June ...
Tsou Meng-Fu Bryan - - 2002
Asymmetric cell division depends on coordinating the position of the mitotic spindle with the axis of cellular polarity. We provide evidence that LET-99 is a link between polarity cues and the downstream machinery that determines spindle positioning in C. elegans embryos. In let-99 one-cell embryos, the nuclear-centrosome complex exhibits a ...
López Greco L S - - 2002
Ovigerous females of the porcellanid crab Petrolisthes galathinus were selected for toxicological bioassays. A first assay was made on isolated eggs, exposing them to 0 (control), 0.5, or 1 mgL(-1) copper. Both copper concentrations caused significant mortality just before hatching. The few prezoeas hatched at 0.5 and 1 mgL(-1) were ...
Platek S Frank - - 2002
The ability to accurately determine the number of syringe needle penetration holes through the rubber stoppers in pharmaceutical vials and rubber septa in intravenous (i.v.) line and bag ports has been a critical factor in a number of forensic cases involving the thefts of controlled substances or suspected homicide by ...
Kato K - - 2002
Emu eggs weigh approximately 600 g and have an incubation duration (ID) of approximately 50 days. The egg mass is approximately 10-fold heavier than the chicken egg and the ID is approximately 2.5-fold longer. Daily changes in mean heart rate (MHR) of emu embryos were previously determined, but further measurement ...
Wang C L - - 2002
The gammarid amphipod Gammarus insensibilis frequently harbors adult individuals of the ectoparasitic nematode Gammarinema gammari as well as metacercariae of the trematode Microphallus papillorobostus. After the demonstration in a previous study of a negative relationship between the abundance of these 2 parasites, the nature of the relationship between these 2 ...
Hansen Michèle - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether infants conceived with use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection or in vitro fertilization have a higher risk of birth defects than infants conceived naturally. METHODS: We obtained data from three registries in Western Australia on births, births after assisted conception, and major birth defects in ...
Olivius Katarina - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the probability of live birth after three available in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Nine hundred seventy-four couples who started their first conventional IVF or ICSI cycle between January 1996 and December 1997. A total of 1985 stimulated ...
Mu Xueyan - - 2002
The role of ecdysteroids in crustacean embryo development and the susceptibility of the developing embryo to the antiecdysteroidal properties of an environmental chemical were evaluated. The agricultural fungicide fenarimol was shown to exhibit antiecdysteroidal activity to the crustacean Daphnia magna by lowering endogenous ecdysone levels and delaying molting in a ...
Gwo J C - - 2002
Using transmission and scanning electron microscopy, the mature spermatozoa of four bivalves of the family Veneridae--Gafrarium tumidum and Circe scripta (Circinae), Pitar sulfureum (Pitarinae) and Gomphina aequilatera (Tapetinae)--are described for the first time and compared with those of other bivalves, particularly other heterodonts. As our observations show, the spermatozoa of ...
Blount Jonathan D - - 2002
Egg quality is a phenotype of, and can profoundly influence fitness in, both mother and offspring. However, the physiological mechanisms that underlie this maternal effect are poorly understood. Carotenoids are hypothesized to enhance antioxidant activity and immune function, and are responsible for the pigmentation of egg yolk. The proximate basis ...
Kuurman W W - - 2002
Breakout analysis of 11,254 chicken eggs that failed to hatch was used to assess the influence of storage days on the distribution for time of embryonic mortality during incubation and on reproductive efficiency. Eggs were collected over 30 d, stored from 2 through 18 d, and incubated in two hatches. ...
Jongbloet Piet Hein - - 2002
The question of how exposure to dioxins might affect only males and why it affects preferentially male embryos in the Seveso data presented by Mocarelli et al. remains intriguing. This enigma can be explained by the ovopathy concept, which addresses the determination of both the sex and the condition of ...
Reynolds M A - - 2001
Multiple birth, which is associated with adverse fetal, infant, and maternal outcomes, is increasingly related to the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Among women undergoing IVF who use their own eggs, greater maternal age is associated with decreased risk of multiple birth; using donor eggs from younger women may ...
Allam A F - - 2001
The molluscicidal properties of the oil extract of Commiphora molmol (Myrrh) were tested against Egyptian snail species: Biomphalaria alexandrina, Bulinus truncatus and Limnaea cailliaudi. The impact of the extract on the egg cluches of B. alexandrina and L. cailliaudi was also evaluated. Snails and their eggs were exposed for 24 ...
Engmann L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We aimed to review trends in the probability of birth and multiple birth before and after the legal restriction limiting the maximum allowable number of embryos transferred, and to examine factors that determine the probability of multiple birth following IVF treatment. METHODS: We analysed data relating to 7170 IVF ...
Auyeung A - - 2001
To determine the outcomes and logical progression of fertility treatment in women forty years and older using their own oocytes. This was a retrospective study in which 401 completed treatment cycles in 152 women aged forty and older were reviewed. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles (n = 58) were reviewed, ...
Tan L - - 2001
Moraxella osloensis, a gram-negative bacterium, is associated with Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita, a nematode parasite of slugs. This bacterium-feeding nematode has potential for the biological control of slugs, especially the grey garden slug, Deroceras reticulatum. Infective juveniles of P. hermaphrodita invade the shell cavity of the slug, develop into self-fertilizing hermaphrodites, and ...
Yan R T - - 2001
cNSCL1 encodes a bHLH transcription factor and is specifically expressed in the developing nervous system. We used a replication-competent retrovirus to drive misexpression of cNSCL1 in chick embryos. We found that cNSCL1 misexpression was embryonic lethal and the embryos exhibited gross abnormalities. Many skeletal bones were abnormal and some were ...
Kausche A - - 2001
To analyze the birth weights and sex ratio of infants born as a result of blastocyst transfer and compare them with data resulting from the transfer of early-cleavage stage embryos. Retrospective analysis. Monash IVF (private in vitro fertilization clinic). One hundred twenty-five infertile patients who became pregnant after IVF procedures ...
Saillenfait A M - - 2001
The present study was conducted to further characterize the embryotoxic effects mono-n-butyl phthalate, a major metabolite of the plasticizer di-n-butyl phthalate, and evaluate its role in the developmental toxicity of di-n-butyl phthalate. The embryotoxic effects of mono-n-butyl phthalate were compared to those of the parent compound di-n-butyl phthalate after a ...
Kaunitz A M - - 2001
Lunelle, an injectable estrogen/progestin contraceptive, is administered on a monthly basis and is now available as the first monthly injectable in the United States. International and US clinical trials have established its safety and confirmed its contraceptive efficacy. Fertility returns rapidly after discontinuation of injections. Studies have noted a high ...
Porzio P - - 2001
There are many indications for an intravenous excretory urogram. However, where intravenous access is not available, the intraosseous route to the circulation may be an alternative. We found that safe and diagnostic excretory urograms could be obtained in rabbits following the injection of different contrast media via the intraosseous route. ...
Liang F Q - - 2001
Photoreceptors in retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a group of inherited retinal degenerative diseases, die through apoptosis. Since melatonin protects against neuronal apoptotic death, we tested its ability to slow photoreceptor degeneration in the rds/rds mouse, an animal model for RP. Shortly after birth, rds/rds mice were given daily i.p. injections of ...
Arav A - - 2001
An inexpensive and convenient method of collecting large number of oocytes for in vitro procedures is by aspiration of follicles visible on the surface of isolated ovary. This method yielded only moderate numbers of oocytes per ovary, and it was found that the yield could be improved by slicing the ...
Cohen J S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil (Viagra) has been linked to 240 deaths (128 verified, 112 unverified) reported to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) during 7.5 months of availability, and to 522 reported deaths after 13 months of availability. To date, no updated information about FDA-reported deaths has emerged, and no comparative analyses ...
Loutradis D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report two cases of live births after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in two women who were seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) after the use of processed semen from their seropositive husbands. DESIGN: Case reports. SETTING: University hospital IVF center. PATIENT(S): Two HIV-1 seropositive men and ...
Barrionuevo M J - - 2000
PROBLEM: Using an IVF model, the goal of the study was to investigate the relationship between follicular fluid (ff) NO and IL-1beta levels, as well as their correlation with fertilization of mature oocytes and embryo cleavage rates. METHOD OF STUDY: Follicular fluid was collected from 17 patients at the time ...
Randerson J - - 2000
To a maternally transmitted parasite, male hosts are evolutionary prison cells. This is because passage into the next host generation is only possible via egg cytoplasm and not sperm. However, these parasites have come up with a neat array of evolutionary tricks to make the best of their custodial sentence.
Schramm R D - - 2000
Although strategies for in-vitro maturation of oocytes from rodents and domestic species have been relatively successful, application of these techniques to primates has not met with similar success. Currently, evaluation of the developmental capacity of oocytes following fertilization is the only reliable means to assess cytoplasmic maturation. Although rhesus monkey ...
Anniballo R - - 2000
In patients with non-obstructive azoospermia, testicular sperm extraction (TESE) is a method of choice to recover spermatozoa as a male therapeutic approach in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) programmes. However, the efficacy of TESE in this indication is burdened by a frequent failure of sperm recovery, which renders useless both the ...
Brogliatti G M - - 2000
Ultrasound-guided transvaginal follicle aspiration has been described as a noninvasive and repeatable procedure for oocyte collection in several species, but its use has not been described for any of the members of the family, Camelidae. A study was designed to determine the feasibility of an ultrasound-guided transvaginal approach for oocyte ...
Yap C - - 2000
The physiology of oocyte development, maturation, and selection forms the basis for understanding ovarian follicle dynamics, reproductive function and ovulation induction. The number of ovarian follicles with which women are invested from birth and the rate of decline determine their reproductive lifespan. The processes of atresia and apoptosis constantly deplete ...
- - 2000
This multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized, parallel-group study compared the efficacy and safety of recombinant human chorionic gonadotrophin (rHCG) (Ovidrel((R))) and urinary HCG (uHCG) (Profasi((R))) for inducing final follicular maturation and early luteinization in women undergoing ovulation induction for assisted reproduction treatment. Following long down-regulation and stimulation with recombinant human FSH ...
Corvo M L - - 2000
PURPOSE: We are exploring liposomal delivery with the aim to change the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of SOD to increase its therapeutic activity. From a practical point of view, a convenient route of administration would be the subcutaneous (s.c.) route. Liposomal size has been shown to be the most important factor ...
Wennerholm U B - - 2000
The aim of this study was to report the outcome of all clinical pregnancies obtained after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) performed during a 5 year period at two fertility clinics, with special reference to delivery outcome associated with different sperm origin and quality and the transfer of fresh or frozen-thawed ...
Dewerchin M - - 2000
Mice with a total deficiency in blood coagulation Factor X (FX) were generated by targeted replacement of an 18-kb fragment of the FX gene, comprising all exons encoding the mature FX protein, with a neo(r) cassette. The genotype distribution among the offspring from heterozygous breeding pairs suggested that FX deficiency ...
Chang S P - - 2000
Poor responders to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) present a clinical challenge for in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer. The failure of IVF for the treatment of severe male-factor infertility can now be overcome by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The infertile couple documented in this case report came to our ...
Seror P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The principal aims of this study were to determine the frequency of sepsis after local corticosteroid injection (SALCSI), to compare the results with those of the literature and to determine the main factors leading to a decrease in the frequency of SALCSI. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted among ...
Gardner R L - - 1999
Although overall polarity is discernable morphologically in both the growing and mature oocyte in mammals, it is typically relatively inconspicuous in the zygote. Furthermore, the conceptus exhibits an essentially radial organization during cleavage which was long held to persist until the primitive streak forms at the onset of gastrulation. This ...
Ménézo Y J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the birth weights and sex ratio of infants born after blastocyst transfer. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Three infertility clinics. PATIENT(S): Patients admitted for IVF with blastocyst transfer. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Birth weights and sex ratio of infants born after blastocyst transfer. RESULT(S): Statistically significantly more ...
Loft A - - 1999
This national cohort study included all clinical pregnancies obtained after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) registered in Denmark between January 1994 and July 1997 at five public and eight private fertility clinics. Laboratory and clinical data were obtained from the fertility clinics. The couples answered a questionnaire regarding the pregnancy and ...
Hinrichs K - - 1999
A nonovulating, hormone-treated mare was used successfully as an oocyte recipient. The mare's ovarian activity was suppressed using progesterone and estrogen treatment. This treatment was stopped, then estrogen was administered for 3 d prior to the transfer. An oocyte was recovered from the follicle of a donor mare and was ...
Keen J E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the breeding soundness examination procedure in plains bison bulls. DESIGN: Multiyear (1993 through 1997) cross-sectional clinical procedure evaluation. ANIMALS: Two hundred thirty-four 28- to 30-month-old bison bulls at Custer State Park. PROCEDURE: Breeding soundness examinations were performed on all bison bulls using 1992 Society for Theriogenology guidelines ...
Ezeh U I - - 1999
Although testicular biopsy for sperm extraction is a procedure with a potential for complications, sperm retrieval is successful in 30-70% of patients with non-obstructive azoospermia. In order to predict the probability of retrieving at least one testicular spermatozoon we conducted a prospective study of a set of variables in 40 ...
Boone W R - - 1999
In the near future, 6 of 8 bear species will face extinction mainly because of loss of their natural habitat. This loss of habitat will ultimately require some of these bears to be maintained in zoos and wildlife preserves in the hope of conserving genetic diversity. If the giant panda ...
- - 1999
Kim J K - - 1999
This study deals with the morphological degenerations of normal and atretic follicles based on artificially induced radiation apoptosis. ICR strain of 3 week-old female mice were whole body irradiated with 8.3 Gy and sacrificed by cervical dislocation. Ovaries were collected at 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, 1 d, 2 ...
Silva P D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) may be a cost-effective alternative to donor oocyte procedures in women 40 and older with good ovarian reserve. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of records at an infertility clinic in a large multispecialty group practice. Twenty two consecutive women aged 40 and older ...
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