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Riparbelli Maria Giovanna - - 2003
The Drosophila egg contains all the components required to properly execute the early mitotic divisions but is unable to assemble a functional centrosome without a sperm-provided basal body. We show that 65% of unfertilized eggs obtained from a laboratory strain of Drosophila mercatorum can spontaneously assemble a number of cytoplasmic ...
Kierszenbaum Abraham L - - 2003
Nuclear shaping is a critical event during sperm development as demonstrated by the incidence of male infertility associated with abnormal sperm ad shaping. Herein, we demonstrate that mouse and rat spermatids assemble in the subacrosomal space a cytoskeletal scaffold containing F-actin and Sak57, a keratin ortholog. The cytoskeletal plate, designated ...
Maxwell Erin E - - 2003
New fossils of embryonic ichthyosaurs are both the geologically youngest and the physically smallest known ichthyosaur embryos. The embryos are articulated, though only partially preserved, and are located within the body cavity of an adult, presumably the mother. The embryos and adult were found in association with several other individuals ...
Hidalgo-Argüello M R - - 2003
The royal burial chamber of what is today the Collegiate-Basilica of St. Isidoro in León, Spain, built and remodeled between the 10th and 13th centuries and in the 20th century renamed the Kings' Pantheon, has 13 royal tombs that were opened in the presence of the Abbot-Prior of the Collegiate ...
Vahratian Anjel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Increasing use of assisted reproductive technology treatments has been associated with the current rise in multiple births in the USA. Embryo cryopreservation and subsequent thawed embryo transfer may favourably impact the multiple-birth risk by relieving some pressure that patients and providers may feel to transfer several embryos in a ...
Hoffmann A A - - 2003
Insects can adapt to temperate environments by increasing levels of resistance to cold conditions over winter and/or altering reproductive patterns to focus reproduction in favourable conditions. In temperate areas, Drosophila melanogaster persists over winter at the adult stage. A previous experiment, conducted with flies kept in outdoor population cages in ...
Persad Anand B - - 2003
Classical biological control of the brown citrus aphid Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy in Florida has involved the release of Lipolexis scutellaris Mackauer. Lysiphlebus testaceipes Cresson is already present in Florida and also parasitizes T. citricida. Because parasitoid-parasitoid interactions may affect the establishment of a newly introduced parasitoid species, intra- and interspecific ...
Tan Li - - 2003
Moraxella osloensis is a bacterium that is mutualistically associated with Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita, a nematode that has potential for the biocontrol of mollusk pests, especially the slug Deroceras reticulatum. We discovered that purified M. osloensis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) possesses a lethal toxicity to D. reticulatum when administered by injection but no contact ...
Krishnan S - - 2003
The endosperm and embryo that constitute the filial tissues of rice caryopsis are isolated from the maternal tissues by the absence of any symplastic continuity. Nutrients are transported to the endosperm through a single ovular vascular trace present on the ventral side of the ovary. Initially solute enters through the ...
Block David S - - 2003
Endocrine function in arthropods has principally been characterized in insects and malacostracan crustaceans. However, meiofauna represent the most abundant metazoan marine taxa, with harpacticoid copepods comprising the second most abundant taxon. In addition, their diminutive biomass has made characterization of endocrine components difficult, so little is known about endocrine control ...
Saito Yasunori - - 2003
Xenogeneic rejection was observed among colonies of three botryllids, Botryllus scalaris, Botryllus primigenus, and Botrylloides simodensis. Allogeneic recognition occurs in each of these species, but the manner of allogeneic rejection differs among them. We studied xenogeneic rejection reactions among these species under the following conditions: colony contact at natural growing ...
Ajayi R A - - 2003
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection has revolutionised the management of male infertility. We report two cases that demonstrate the successful application of this technology in Nigeria in the management of both oligospermia and azoospermia. The first case relates to the treatment of a 31-year-old woman who required intracytoplasmic sperm injection of her ...
Bowden T J - - 2003
The susceptibility of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus (L.), to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) was tested. Juvenile halibut of approximately 5 g weight were subjected to challenge by intraperitoneal injection, cohabitation and immersion to a VHSV isolate from an outbreak of the disease in turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.). The intraperitoneal ...
Wald Martin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A preterm infant with a birth weight of 384 g who succumbed to vigorous resuscitation for sudden respiratory failure on the third day of life is presented. Postmortem examination revealed, apart from extensive pulmonary hemorrhage, a fatal amount of air mainly in the right ventricle. We believe that this ...
Olvera O - - 2003
Evidence is presented that treating the Drosophila female with chlorophyllin (CHLN) has a marked effect on the yield of dominant lethals induced by the irradiation of sperm. The yield is significantly greater in the embryonic period (between the egg and the first instar) and is significantly reduced in postembryonic stages ...
Nakano Hiroaki - - 2003
The embryos and larvae of stalked crinoids, which are considered the most basal group of extant echinoderms, have not previously been described. In contrast, much is known about the development of the more accessible stalkless crinoids (feather stars), which are phylogenetically derived from stalked forms. Here we describe the development ...
Sery F Gotta - - 2002
The microvascularization of the female urethra was studied in fetuses, neonates and infants by injection of agarized China ink into the circulation. The purpose of this study was to specify the angioarchitecture of each tunic and their specific drainage. The disposition of the microvascularization of the urethra is superimposed on ...
Sartori R - - 2002
Two experiments in two seasons evaluated fertilization rate and embryonic development in dairy cattle. Experiment 1 (summer) compared lactating Holstein cows (n = 27; 97.3 +/- 4.1 d postpartum [dppl; 40.0 +/- 1.5 kg milk/d) to nulliparous heifers (n = 28; 11 to 17 mo old). Experiment 2 (winter) compared ...
Best J H - - 2002
Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) can produce a variety of toxins including hepatotoxins e.g. microcystins, and endotoxins such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The combined effects of such toxins on fish are little known. This study examines the activities of microsomal (m) and soluble (s) glutathione S-transferases (GST) from embryos of the zebra fish, ...
Sim Ki-Bum - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: There are controversies over the pattern of glial differentiation in spinal open neural tube defect (ONTD) at the prenatal stage. A surgical model of ONTD allows a more precise comparison of glial differentiation between the ONTD and control groups than chemical and genetic models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate ...
Rothman Jessica M - - 2002
Mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) are critically endangered, remaining only in two isolated populations in Central Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of intestinal parasites in a single group of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda over 7 weeks from June ...
Tsou Meng-Fu Bryan - - 2002
Asymmetric cell division depends on coordinating the position of the mitotic spindle with the axis of cellular polarity. We provide evidence that LET-99 is a link between polarity cues and the downstream machinery that determines spindle positioning in C. elegans embryos. In let-99 one-cell embryos, the nuclear-centrosome complex exhibits a ...
López Greco L S - - 2002
Ovigerous females of the porcellanid crab Petrolisthes galathinus were selected for toxicological bioassays. A first assay was made on isolated eggs, exposing them to 0 (control), 0.5, or 1 mgL(-1) copper. Both copper concentrations caused significant mortality just before hatching. The few prezoeas hatched at 0.5 and 1 mgL(-1) were ...
Platek S Frank - - 2002
The ability to accurately determine the number of syringe needle penetration holes through the rubber stoppers in pharmaceutical vials and rubber septa in intravenous (i.v.) line and bag ports has been a critical factor in a number of forensic cases involving the thefts of controlled substances or suspected homicide by ...
Kato K - - 2002
Emu eggs weigh approximately 600 g and have an incubation duration (ID) of approximately 50 days. The egg mass is approximately 10-fold heavier than the chicken egg and the ID is approximately 2.5-fold longer. Daily changes in mean heart rate (MHR) of emu embryos were previously determined, but further measurement ...
Wang C L - - 2002
The gammarid amphipod Gammarus insensibilis frequently harbors adult individuals of the ectoparasitic nematode Gammarinema gammari as well as metacercariae of the trematode Microphallus papillorobostus. After the demonstration in a previous study of a negative relationship between the abundance of these 2 parasites, the nature of the relationship between these 2 ...
Hansen Michèle - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether infants conceived with use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection or in vitro fertilization have a higher risk of birth defects than infants conceived naturally. METHODS: We obtained data from three registries in Western Australia on births, births after assisted conception, and major birth defects in ...
Olivius Katarina - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the probability of live birth after three available in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Nine hundred seventy-four couples who started their first conventional IVF or ICSI cycle between January 1996 and December 1997. A total of 1985 stimulated ...
Mu Xueyan - - 2002
The role of ecdysteroids in crustacean embryo development and the susceptibility of the developing embryo to the antiecdysteroidal properties of an environmental chemical were evaluated. The agricultural fungicide fenarimol was shown to exhibit antiecdysteroidal activity to the crustacean Daphnia magna by lowering endogenous ecdysone levels and delaying molting in a ...
Gwo J C - - 2002
Using transmission and scanning electron microscopy, the mature spermatozoa of four bivalves of the family Veneridae--Gafrarium tumidum and Circe scripta (Circinae), Pitar sulfureum (Pitarinae) and Gomphina aequilatera (Tapetinae)--are described for the first time and compared with those of other bivalves, particularly other heterodonts. As our observations show, the spermatozoa of ...
Blount Jonathan D - - 2002
Egg quality is a phenotype of, and can profoundly influence fitness in, both mother and offspring. However, the physiological mechanisms that underlie this maternal effect are poorly understood. Carotenoids are hypothesized to enhance antioxidant activity and immune function, and are responsible for the pigmentation of egg yolk. The proximate basis ...
Kuurman W W - - 2002
Breakout analysis of 11,254 chicken eggs that failed to hatch was used to assess the influence of storage days on the distribution for time of embryonic mortality during incubation and on reproductive efficiency. Eggs were collected over 30 d, stored from 2 through 18 d, and incubated in two hatches. ...
Jongbloet Piet Hein - - 2002
The question of how exposure to dioxins might affect only males and why it affects preferentially male embryos in the Seveso data presented by Mocarelli et al. remains intriguing. This enigma can be explained by the ovopathy concept, which addresses the determination of both the sex and the condition of ...
Reynolds M A - - 2001
Multiple birth, which is associated with adverse fetal, infant, and maternal outcomes, is increasingly related to the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Among women undergoing IVF who use their own eggs, greater maternal age is associated with decreased risk of multiple birth; using donor eggs from younger women may ...
Allam A F - - 2001
The molluscicidal properties of the oil extract of Commiphora molmol (Myrrh) were tested against Egyptian snail species: Biomphalaria alexandrina, Bulinus truncatus and Limnaea cailliaudi. The impact of the extract on the egg cluches of B. alexandrina and L. cailliaudi was also evaluated. Snails and their eggs were exposed for 24 ...
Engmann L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We aimed to review trends in the probability of birth and multiple birth before and after the legal restriction limiting the maximum allowable number of embryos transferred, and to examine factors that determine the probability of multiple birth following IVF treatment. METHODS: We analysed data relating to 7170 IVF ...
Auyeung A - - 2001
To determine the outcomes and logical progression of fertility treatment in women forty years and older using their own oocytes. This was a retrospective study in which 401 completed treatment cycles in 152 women aged forty and older were reviewed. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles (n = 58) were reviewed, ...
Tan L - - 2001
Moraxella osloensis, a gram-negative bacterium, is associated with Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita, a nematode parasite of slugs. This bacterium-feeding nematode has potential for the biological control of slugs, especially the grey garden slug, Deroceras reticulatum. Infective juveniles of P. hermaphrodita invade the shell cavity of the slug, develop into self-fertilizing hermaphrodites, and ...
Yan R T - - 2001
cNSCL1 encodes a bHLH transcription factor and is specifically expressed in the developing nervous system. We used a replication-competent retrovirus to drive misexpression of cNSCL1 in chick embryos. We found that cNSCL1 misexpression was embryonic lethal and the embryos exhibited gross abnormalities. Many skeletal bones were abnormal and some were ...
Kausche A - - 2001
To analyze the birth weights and sex ratio of infants born as a result of blastocyst transfer and compare them with data resulting from the transfer of early-cleavage stage embryos. Retrospective analysis. Monash IVF (private in vitro fertilization clinic). One hundred twenty-five infertile patients who became pregnant after IVF procedures ...
Saillenfait A M - - 2001
The present study was conducted to further characterize the embryotoxic effects mono-n-butyl phthalate, a major metabolite of the plasticizer di-n-butyl phthalate, and evaluate its role in the developmental toxicity of di-n-butyl phthalate. The embryotoxic effects of mono-n-butyl phthalate were compared to those of the parent compound di-n-butyl phthalate after a ...
Kaunitz A M - - 2001
Lunelle, an injectable estrogen/progestin contraceptive, is administered on a monthly basis and is now available as the first monthly injectable in the United States. International and US clinical trials have established its safety and confirmed its contraceptive efficacy. Fertility returns rapidly after discontinuation of injections. Studies have noted a high ...
Porzio P - - 2001
There are many indications for an intravenous excretory urogram. However, where intravenous access is not available, the intraosseous route to the circulation may be an alternative. We found that safe and diagnostic excretory urograms could be obtained in rabbits following the injection of different contrast media via the intraosseous route. ...
Liang F Q - - 2001
Photoreceptors in retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a group of inherited retinal degenerative diseases, die through apoptosis. Since melatonin protects against neuronal apoptotic death, we tested its ability to slow photoreceptor degeneration in the rds/rds mouse, an animal model for RP. Shortly after birth, rds/rds mice were given daily i.p. injections of ...
Arav A - - 2001
An inexpensive and convenient method of collecting large number of oocytes for in vitro procedures is by aspiration of follicles visible on the surface of isolated ovary. This method yielded only moderate numbers of oocytes per ovary, and it was found that the yield could be improved by slicing the ...
Cohen J S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil (Viagra) has been linked to 240 deaths (128 verified, 112 unverified) reported to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) during 7.5 months of availability, and to 522 reported deaths after 13 months of availability. To date, no updated information about FDA-reported deaths has emerged, and no comparative analyses ...
Loutradis D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report two cases of live births after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in two women who were seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) after the use of processed semen from their seropositive husbands. DESIGN: Case reports. SETTING: University hospital IVF center. PATIENT(S): Two HIV-1 seropositive men and ...
Barrionuevo M J - - 2000
PROBLEM: Using an IVF model, the goal of the study was to investigate the relationship between follicular fluid (ff) NO and IL-1beta levels, as well as their correlation with fertilization of mature oocytes and embryo cleavage rates. METHOD OF STUDY: Follicular fluid was collected from 17 patients at the time ...
Randerson J - - 2000
To a maternally transmitted parasite, male hosts are evolutionary prison cells. This is because passage into the next host generation is only possible via egg cytoplasm and not sperm. However, these parasites have come up with a neat array of evolutionary tricks to make the best of their custodial sentence.
Schramm R D - - 2000
Although strategies for in-vitro maturation of oocytes from rodents and domestic species have been relatively successful, application of these techniques to primates has not met with similar success. Currently, evaluation of the developmental capacity of oocytes following fertilization is the only reliable means to assess cytoplasmic maturation. Although rhesus monkey ...
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