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Results 451 - 500 of 738
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Diaz Rodrigo - - 2004
The effects of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), on cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, populations and its predation of bollworm, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie), and beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner), (both Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs were evaluated in cotton under field conditions during 2001 and 2002 in ...
Lahlou Najiba - - 2004
Klinefelter syndrome is a major cause of infertility in the male. Nevertheless, pregnancies were recently obtained by intracytoplasmic injection of sperm retrieved by surgery or ejaculation, underscoring the need to understand the role of Sertoli and Leydig cell secretions during development. In 18 infants with prenatally diagnosed homogenous 47,XXY karyotype, ...
Haigo Kosuke - - 2004
The golden hamster is a mammal in which microinjection of round spermatids into oocytes (ROSI) was first attempted. However, no live ROSI offspring have ever been obtained in this species. This is the first report of live hamster offspring obtained by round spermatid injection. Over 90% of oocytes, injected with ...
Cheng Winton - - 2004
Addition of NaCl at 2.5% to 3.5% to tryptic soy broth (TSB) significantly increased the growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Taiwan abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta held in 30 per thousand seawater were injected with V. parahaemolyticus grown in TSB containing NaCl at 0.5, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5% at a dose ...
Verpoest W - - 2004
Bladder exstrophy is a rare congenital condition, with variable degrees of reproductive dysfunction, from mild exstrophy allowing regular intercourse and reproduction, to severe forms with significant cosmetic deformity and failure to reproduce spontaneously. This is a case report of a patient with severe congenital bladder exstrophy and failure to reproduce ...
Liu Chun-Hung - - 2004
The white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (8.0-14.4 g) was examined for haemocyte count, phenoloxidase activity, respiratory burst (release of superoxide anion), phagocytic activity, and clearance efficiency to the pathogen Vibrio alginolyticus in relation with moult cycle (postmoult, A, B; intermoult, C; premoult, D(0)/D(1)D(2)/D(3)). Granular cells were the highest at C and ...
Tummon Ian S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate cumulative chance for first live birth after elective pronuclear stage cryopreservation of all embryos due to ovarian hyperresponsiveness. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis with longitudinal follow-up. SETTING: Academic hospital. PATIENT(S): Thirty subjects with elective cryopreservation of all embryos due to ovarian hyperresponsiveness. INTERVENTION(S): Elective cryopreservation of all embryos at ...
Reddy L Harivardhan - - 2004
The objective of this study is to enhance the delivery of Doxorubicin hydrochloride to Dalton's lymphoma solid tumour through poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBC) nanoparticles. Doxorubicin loaded PBC (DPBC) nanoparticles were prepared by emulsion polymerization and characterized by particle size analysis, zeta potential and scanning electron microscopy. Doxorubicin HCl (Dox) and DPBC ...
Garin E - - 2004
Although intra-arterial radiotherapy with (131)I-labelled lipiodol is a useful therapeutic approach in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas, various disadvantages limit its use. Here we describe the development of (188)Re-SSS lipiodol, as well as its biodistribution in the healthy pig after injection into the hepatic artery. The (188)Re-SSS lipiodol was obtained ...
Smoyer Laura K - - 2003
The Triplo-lethal locus (Tpl) of Drosophila is both triplo-lethal and haploinsufficient, but the function of the locus is unknown. We have examined Tpl-aneuploid embryos and find that, in both trisomics and monosomics, the midgut shows extensive cell death and the tracheae are abnormal. Shortly thereafter, all tissues die. PCR-based genotyping ...
Amboka J N O - - 2003
Electroejaculation is an accepted method of semen collection from non-human primates and is typically performed using direct penile or rectal probe electro-stimulation. Six mature male olive baboons (Papio anubis) were subjected to rectal probe electro-stimulation procedure that yielded 65 usable ejaculates in 69 attempts over a period of 16 weeks. ...
Yong Hwan Yul - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Conventional ICSI to date was focused only on tail membrane damage to achieve sperm immobilization and disruption of the plasma membrane, even though liberation of soluble sperm factors is achieved by disruption of the sperm head membrane. METHODS: A modified method for ICSI was developed: head membrane-damaged spermatozoa aspirated ...
Lindeberg Heli - - 2003
Surgical transfer of in vivo produced conventionally frozen-thawed embryos of farmed European polecat (Mustela putorius) was investigated as a part of an ex-situ preservation program which has the long-term aim of developing a genome resource bank for the endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola). Eighteen oestrous yearling European polecat donors were ...
Hauser Russ - - 2003
Scientific and public concern exists about potential reproductive health effects of persistent chlorinated organic chemicals, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE, the most stable daughter compound of DDT). To explore the hypothesis that environmental exposures to PCBs and DDE are associated with altered semen parameters, we ...
Chen Z - - 2003
The current study explores trends in semen parameters in New England in the United States. A retrospective review was performed of 551 semen analysis records from 1989 to 2000 at Vincent Memorial Andrology Laboratory of Massachusetts General Hospital. After age adjustment, semen pH and motility significantly increased 0.05 units/year and ...
Peng W - - 2003
Since 2 morphological forms (fertilized and unfertilized) of egg can be produced by Ascaris, infected humans can release in their faeces fertilized eggs only (FEO), unfertilized eggs only (UEO) or both fertilized and unfertilized eggs (FUE) (designated herein as the 3 different egg profiles). Epidemiologically, fertilized eggs are of significance ...
Wright Victoria C - - 2003
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States to determine medical center-specific pregnancy success rates, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493, October 24, 1992). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs ...
Riparbelli Maria Giovanna - - 2003
The Drosophila egg contains all the components required to properly execute the early mitotic divisions but is unable to assemble a functional centrosome without a sperm-provided basal body. We show that 65% of unfertilized eggs obtained from a laboratory strain of Drosophila mercatorum can spontaneously assemble a number of cytoplasmic ...
Kierszenbaum Abraham L - - 2003
Nuclear shaping is a critical event during sperm development as demonstrated by the incidence of male infertility associated with abnormal sperm ad shaping. Herein, we demonstrate that mouse and rat spermatids assemble in the subacrosomal space a cytoskeletal scaffold containing F-actin and Sak57, a keratin ortholog. The cytoskeletal plate, designated ...
Maxwell Erin E - - 2003
New fossils of embryonic ichthyosaurs are both the geologically youngest and the physically smallest known ichthyosaur embryos. The embryos are articulated, though only partially preserved, and are located within the body cavity of an adult, presumably the mother. The embryos and adult were found in association with several other individuals ...
Hidalgo-Argüello M R - - 2003
The royal burial chamber of what is today the Collegiate-Basilica of St. Isidoro in León, Spain, built and remodeled between the 10th and 13th centuries and in the 20th century renamed the Kings' Pantheon, has 13 royal tombs that were opened in the presence of the Abbot-Prior of the Collegiate ...
Vahratian Anjel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Increasing use of assisted reproductive technology treatments has been associated with the current rise in multiple births in the USA. Embryo cryopreservation and subsequent thawed embryo transfer may favourably impact the multiple-birth risk by relieving some pressure that patients and providers may feel to transfer several embryos in a ...
Hoffmann A A - - 2003
Insects can adapt to temperate environments by increasing levels of resistance to cold conditions over winter and/or altering reproductive patterns to focus reproduction in favourable conditions. In temperate areas, Drosophila melanogaster persists over winter at the adult stage. A previous experiment, conducted with flies kept in outdoor population cages in ...
Persad Anand B - - 2003
Classical biological control of the brown citrus aphid Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy in Florida has involved the release of Lipolexis scutellaris Mackauer. Lysiphlebus testaceipes Cresson is already present in Florida and also parasitizes T. citricida. Because parasitoid-parasitoid interactions may affect the establishment of a newly introduced parasitoid species, intra- and interspecific ...
Tan Li - - 2003
Moraxella osloensis is a bacterium that is mutualistically associated with Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita, a nematode that has potential for the biocontrol of mollusk pests, especially the slug Deroceras reticulatum. We discovered that purified M. osloensis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) possesses a lethal toxicity to D. reticulatum when administered by injection but no contact ...
Krishnan S - - 2003
The endosperm and embryo that constitute the filial tissues of rice caryopsis are isolated from the maternal tissues by the absence of any symplastic continuity. Nutrients are transported to the endosperm through a single ovular vascular trace present on the ventral side of the ovary. Initially solute enters through the ...
Block David S - - 2003
Endocrine function in arthropods has principally been characterized in insects and malacostracan crustaceans. However, meiofauna represent the most abundant metazoan marine taxa, with harpacticoid copepods comprising the second most abundant taxon. In addition, their diminutive biomass has made characterization of endocrine components difficult, so little is known about endocrine control ...
Saito Yasunori - - 2003
Xenogeneic rejection was observed among colonies of three botryllids, Botryllus scalaris, Botryllus primigenus, and Botrylloides simodensis. Allogeneic recognition occurs in each of these species, but the manner of allogeneic rejection differs among them. We studied xenogeneic rejection reactions among these species under the following conditions: colony contact at natural growing ...
Ajayi R A - - 2003
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection has revolutionised the management of male infertility. We report two cases that demonstrate the successful application of this technology in Nigeria in the management of both oligospermia and azoospermia. The first case relates to the treatment of a 31-year-old woman who required intracytoplasmic sperm injection of her ...
Bowden T J - - 2003
The susceptibility of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus (L.), to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) was tested. Juvenile halibut of approximately 5 g weight were subjected to challenge by intraperitoneal injection, cohabitation and immersion to a VHSV isolate from an outbreak of the disease in turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.). The intraperitoneal ...
Wald Martin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A preterm infant with a birth weight of 384 g who succumbed to vigorous resuscitation for sudden respiratory failure on the third day of life is presented. Postmortem examination revealed, apart from extensive pulmonary hemorrhage, a fatal amount of air mainly in the right ventricle. We believe that this ...
Olvera O - - 2003
Evidence is presented that treating the Drosophila female with chlorophyllin (CHLN) has a marked effect on the yield of dominant lethals induced by the irradiation of sperm. The yield is significantly greater in the embryonic period (between the egg and the first instar) and is significantly reduced in postembryonic stages ...
Nakano Hiroaki - - 2003
The embryos and larvae of stalked crinoids, which are considered the most basal group of extant echinoderms, have not previously been described. In contrast, much is known about the development of the more accessible stalkless crinoids (feather stars), which are phylogenetically derived from stalked forms. Here we describe the development ...
Sery F Gotta - - 2002
The microvascularization of the female urethra was studied in fetuses, neonates and infants by injection of agarized China ink into the circulation. The purpose of this study was to specify the angioarchitecture of each tunic and their specific drainage. The disposition of the microvascularization of the urethra is superimposed on ...
Sartori R - - 2002
Two experiments in two seasons evaluated fertilization rate and embryonic development in dairy cattle. Experiment 1 (summer) compared lactating Holstein cows (n = 27; 97.3 +/- 4.1 d postpartum [dppl; 40.0 +/- 1.5 kg milk/d) to nulliparous heifers (n = 28; 11 to 17 mo old). Experiment 2 (winter) compared ...
Best J H - - 2002
Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) can produce a variety of toxins including hepatotoxins e.g. microcystins, and endotoxins such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The combined effects of such toxins on fish are little known. This study examines the activities of microsomal (m) and soluble (s) glutathione S-transferases (GST) from embryos of the zebra fish, ...
Sim Ki-Bum - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: There are controversies over the pattern of glial differentiation in spinal open neural tube defect (ONTD) at the prenatal stage. A surgical model of ONTD allows a more precise comparison of glial differentiation between the ONTD and control groups than chemical and genetic models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate ...
Rothman Jessica M - - 2002
Mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) are critically endangered, remaining only in two isolated populations in Central Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of intestinal parasites in a single group of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda over 7 weeks from June ...
Tsou Meng-Fu Bryan - - 2002
Asymmetric cell division depends on coordinating the position of the mitotic spindle with the axis of cellular polarity. We provide evidence that LET-99 is a link between polarity cues and the downstream machinery that determines spindle positioning in C. elegans embryos. In let-99 one-cell embryos, the nuclear-centrosome complex exhibits a ...
López Greco L S - - 2002
Ovigerous females of the porcellanid crab Petrolisthes galathinus were selected for toxicological bioassays. A first assay was made on isolated eggs, exposing them to 0 (control), 0.5, or 1 mgL(-1) copper. Both copper concentrations caused significant mortality just before hatching. The few prezoeas hatched at 0.5 and 1 mgL(-1) were ...
Platek S Frank - - 2002
The ability to accurately determine the number of syringe needle penetration holes through the rubber stoppers in pharmaceutical vials and rubber septa in intravenous (i.v.) line and bag ports has been a critical factor in a number of forensic cases involving the thefts of controlled substances or suspected homicide by ...
Kato K - - 2002
Emu eggs weigh approximately 600 g and have an incubation duration (ID) of approximately 50 days. The egg mass is approximately 10-fold heavier than the chicken egg and the ID is approximately 2.5-fold longer. Daily changes in mean heart rate (MHR) of emu embryos were previously determined, but further measurement ...
Wang C L - - 2002
The gammarid amphipod Gammarus insensibilis frequently harbors adult individuals of the ectoparasitic nematode Gammarinema gammari as well as metacercariae of the trematode Microphallus papillorobostus. After the demonstration in a previous study of a negative relationship between the abundance of these 2 parasites, the nature of the relationship between these 2 ...
Hansen Michèle - - 2002
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether infants conceived with use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection or in vitro fertilization have a higher risk of birth defects than infants conceived naturally. METHODS: We obtained data from three registries in Western Australia on births, births after assisted conception, and major birth defects in ...
Olivius Katarina - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the probability of live birth after three available in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Nine hundred seventy-four couples who started their first conventional IVF or ICSI cycle between January 1996 and December 1997. A total of 1985 stimulated ...
Mu Xueyan - - 2002
The role of ecdysteroids in crustacean embryo development and the susceptibility of the developing embryo to the antiecdysteroidal properties of an environmental chemical were evaluated. The agricultural fungicide fenarimol was shown to exhibit antiecdysteroidal activity to the crustacean Daphnia magna by lowering endogenous ecdysone levels and delaying molting in a ...
Gwo J C - - 2002
Using transmission and scanning electron microscopy, the mature spermatozoa of four bivalves of the family Veneridae--Gafrarium tumidum and Circe scripta (Circinae), Pitar sulfureum (Pitarinae) and Gomphina aequilatera (Tapetinae)--are described for the first time and compared with those of other bivalves, particularly other heterodonts. As our observations show, the spermatozoa of ...
Blount Jonathan D - - 2002
Egg quality is a phenotype of, and can profoundly influence fitness in, both mother and offspring. However, the physiological mechanisms that underlie this maternal effect are poorly understood. Carotenoids are hypothesized to enhance antioxidant activity and immune function, and are responsible for the pigmentation of egg yolk. The proximate basis ...
Kuurman W W - - 2002
Breakout analysis of 11,254 chicken eggs that failed to hatch was used to assess the influence of storage days on the distribution for time of embryonic mortality during incubation and on reproductive efficiency. Eggs were collected over 30 d, stored from 2 through 18 d, and incubated in two hatches. ...
Jongbloet Piet Hein - - 2002
The question of how exposure to dioxins might affect only males and why it affects preferentially male embryos in the Seveso data presented by Mocarelli et al. remains intriguing. This enigma can be explained by the ovopathy concept, which addresses the determination of both the sex and the condition of ...
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