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Results 301 - 350 of 370
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Maru M - - 1988
A house-to-house survey of neonatal tetanus was performed in 30 population clusters in Gondar, Northwestern Ethiopia. At the end of the survey 37,219 households were visited and 2010 live births were recalled. Out of the 2010 live-born children 127 had died. Eighty died during the neonatal period. Nine of the ...
Mizrahi S - - 1988
The "upside-down stomach" is a rare form of organo-axial neonatal volvulus, which occurs because of absent or attenuated anatomical anchors and abnormal motility of the stomach. It is considered a surgical emergency that requires immediate correction. We report a previously undescribed etiology of gastric neonatal volvulus caused by an extremely ...
Sirota L - - 1988
Fetal and neonatal asphyxia is the main cause of transient or acute renal failure (ARF) in neonates. Rhabdomyolysis and subsequent myoglobinuria have been rarely reported in neonates. We describe a case of ARF in a newborn infant in whom asphyxia, birth trauma and hypovolemic shock precipitated rhabdomyolysis which contributed to ...
Manson J - - 1988
Four unrelated infants with neonatal thrombocytopenia associated with congenital blindness and porencephaly have been seen over an 18-year period. The association of congenital blindness with neonatal thrombocytopenia has not previously been reported. All children had clinical purpura in the neonatal period; in three cases, thrombocytopenia was confirmed, while in one ...
Mathew P M - - 1988
Over a 3-year period, the diagnosis of persistent neonatal hyperinsulinism (PNH) was made in seven infants, from an unselected cohort of 18,726 births, all of Saudi Arabian origin. Thus the incidence of PNH was one in 2,675 births. The high incidence, associated consanguinity, and occurrence in siblings suggest that PNH ...
Horie M - - 1988
To determine the normal neonatal computed tomographic (CT) findings, 121 CT scans of term infants with some neurological symptoms in the neonatal periods and a later good prognosis were studied. The majority of the neonates had asymmetric skulls with backward protrusion of the left occipital bone. In early neonates, the ...
Cunningham A - - 1988
Six cases of congenital myotonic dystrophy are described. Only two survived the neonatal period. There were seven neonatal deaths in the immediate families and six reported miscarriages. Of the two survivors one is moderately retarded and the other at 9 months is at the developmental level of 5-6 months. Facial ...
Ellis J B JB Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Southern Africa, - - 1987
Newborns in the neonatal unit at Ga-Rankuwa Hospital who required intravenous fluids were randomly allocated, after 24 hours of life, to receive either Neonatalyte (Sabax) or a control solution. Biochemical monitoring was performed every 12 hours for a period of 5 days. Neonatalyte does not cause hyperkalaemia or hypocalcaemia in ...
Heyl T - - 1987
The clinical and histologic features of sucking pads in neonates are clearly different from sucking blisters and leukoedema, both of which may also be present in neonates. We propose that the condition is due to a combination of intracellular edema and hyperkeratosis. Perhaps the alternative term of sucking calluses is ...
Gau G S - - 1987
Tracheae of 20 neonates were obtained at postmortem examination. All neonates had been intubated for between 4 h and 105 days. The tracheal epithelial lining was examined by both light and scanning electron microscopy. Five tracheae which had never been intubated served as controls. All of these showed ciliation throughout ...
Zamir O - - 1987
Three full-term female neonates developed gastric perforation during their first week of life. All three experienced severe postnatal asphyxia and improved following resuscitation. A linear perforation located in the prepyloric area was found in these patients. Direct closure was successfully performed in all three neonates. Asphyxia seems to be a ...
Wanders R J - - 1987
Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy belongs to the newly recognized group of inherited diseases, the peroxisomal disorders. Based on the reported similarities between neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy and the cerebro-hepato-renal (Zellweger) syndrome, we have studied peroxisomal functions in cultured skin fibroblasts from 5 neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy patients. The results indicate that multiple peroxisomal enzyme activities are ...
Boutroy M J - - 1987
The placental transfer of beta-adrenoceptor blocking agents has been well established in the last years. Randomized and/or controlled studies have given a less pessimistic view of the consequences of these drugs on the fetal and neonatal adaptation. In fact, the beta-blockers are able to produce hypotension, bradycardia, respiratory troubles in ...
Katzman G H - - 1987
It was postulated that identification of term (LGA) large for gestational age newborns by the Portland Intrauterine Growth Curve rather than the Colorado Curve would classify a lesser number of neonates as LGA, but would identify the LGA neonates at risk for hypoglycemia. One hundred inborn neonates who plotted LGA ...
Heckmatt J Z - - 1987
An unusual case of neonatal myasthenia gravis is reported in an infant who had respiratory failure due to diaphragmatic weakness. Although power and tone in the limbs were normal, fatiguability of both diaphragm and peripheral muscles was demonstrated. Acetylcholine receptor antibodies were absent in the mother, which suggests that an ...
Bamji M - - 1986
We examined 548 healthy neonates and infants to document the frequency, size, and location of palpable lymph nodes. The subjects consisted of 214 neonates from birth to 4 weeks of age and 334 infants from 4 weeks to 1 year of age. All of the infants were asymptomatic and had ...
Grim P P - - 1986
An anterior pneumothorax in a supine neonate is difficult to diagnose. A correlation was sought between radiographic signs of an anterior pneumothorax and clinical data to facilitate the radiographic diagnosis. A total of 817 consecutive admissions to two regional nurseries were reviewed, and infants with pneumothoraces were identified. Nineteen percent ...
Krause P J - - 1986
We have used a mouse monoclonal antibody (31D8) to determine whether differences in neutrophil (PMN) subpopulations might help explain decreased PMN chemotaxis in neonates compared with that of adults. 31D8 has been shown to bind heterogeneously to adult PMNs. Approximately 80% of the PMNs that strongly bind 31D8 (31D8 "bright") ...
Krause P J - - 1986
Defects in polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) adherence and chemotaxis in neonates are thought to be an important cause of their increased susceptibility to overwhelming bacterial infection. Few studies of these functions have been carried out in stressed neonates who are at even greater risk of infection. PMN adherence and chemotaxis were ...
Grassivaro Gallo P - - 1985
In 1981, 2497 subjects (comprising women and girls) were interviewed in Somalia, mostly in Mogadish, about female circumcision. In this study there are presented the principle cultural trends which are connected with the custom and which have arisen from the research. Even today, the practice of female circumcision is universal ...
Connolly B H - - 1985
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of assessment techniques used by physical therapists in the assessment of the neonate. An additional purpose is to provide a review of prenatal and postnatal development in the areas of muscle tone, range of motion, somatosensory skills, and reflex development. ...
Shkolnik A - - 1985
In this article, the uses of real-time sonography relative to evaluation of the neonatal abdomen are presented. Included are some of the more recent applications that, to a great extent, have evolved because of the ease with which portable real-time examination of the fragile or compromised infant can be accomplished.
O'Brien W F - - 1985
Although gram-negative sepsis is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality, our understanding of endotoxemia in the neonate has been hampered by the lack of experimental models. Previous studies have suggested neonatal hyporesponsiveness to endotoxin. We studied unanesthetized neonatal lambs which had been exposed to the environment prior to ...
Scott-Emuakpor A B - - 1985
Serial leukocyte counts were performed on 107 full-term, 40 preterm and 35 postterm African neonates during the first 4 weeks of life. In addition, WBC differential counts were done on 85 of these neonates, selected randomly. Both the absolute and relative amounts of each cell type were determined. The main ...
Gawkrodger D J - - 1984
A young woman with inactive discoid lupus erythematosus (LE) gave birth in three successive pregnancies to four male infants who showed cutaneous, and in one case cardiac, signs of neonatal LE. The mother had Ro and La antibodies although the anti-nuclear factor (ANF) was not consistently detectable. Three of the ...
Morrison J C - - 1984
Meperidine and its principle metabolite, normeperidine, were given intravenously to four non-human primates prior to cesarean delivery in an equivalent dose for human parturients. The status of the infants regarding neonatal depression was assessed at delivery. Repeated blood samples from both the mother and the neonate were obtained over a ...
Sherman M P - - 1984
The presence of bacteria in tracheal secretions stained by the Gram method was evaluated as a method of predicting neonatal bacteremia. The presence of bacteria had a 74% sensitivity and a 47% predictive accuracy in identifying neonates with bacteremia before 12 hours of age. The specificity in predicting newborns without ...
Kates G A - - 1984
In a survey of 18,155 infants, 7,155 of whom were examined personally, the prevalence of natal teeth was one in 716 for the infants examined and one in 3,667 for those surveyed. Another group of 38 infants and children with 61 natal and neonatal teeth were examined prospectively. All were ...
Jennings T A - - 1984
Infantile myofibromatosis is a distinct clinicalpathologic entity occurring primarily in neonates and infants either as a single nodular lesion or as a multicentric form. We have recently studied two cases of this disorder in neonates, and a third involving the father of one of these infants, all documented by biopsy. ...
Glånz A - - 1984
Children who inherit the autosomal dominant gene for myotonic dystrophy from their mother rather than their father may develop the severe neonatal type rather than the late onset type. The families of 22 neonatal type probands and 59 late onset type probands were studied to determine the risk of occurrence ...
Grossman E A - - 1984
One constructive feature has come out of all of the circumcision controversy. It has made us aware that neonatal circumcision is not a simple procedure and that it should not be regarded as "routine." It is a surgical procedure and it should be taught as one. The authors of this ...
Metcalf T J - - 1983
The purpose of this study was to investigate the current incidence of circumcision, the reasons governing parental decisions regarding circumcision, the immediate and later complications from the procedure, as well as genital problems occurring in uncircumcised boys. The incidence of circumcision was found not to have changed over the past ...
Barber K A - - 1983
In two of five infants with neonatal lupus erythematosus the signs of the disease did not appear until the children had been exposed to direct sunlight. This suggests that an environmental factor may be required for the development of the disease in some patients. Three of the five patients, together ...
Taylor P G - - 1983
After two serious complications had alerted physicians to the potential risks of routine neonatal circumcision, the circumcision rate in a regional general hospital decreased significantly (p less than 0.001), from approximately 40% to 20%, settling at the level claimed to prevail when physicians oppose circumcision. Following this decrease 219 consecutive ...
Cohen S M - - 1983
Histopathologic studies of the eyes of one patient (a boy who died at 14 years of age) with childhood adrenoleukodystrophy and two patients (girls who died at 24 and 31 months of age) with neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy showed the accumulation of the characteristic bileaflet inclusions in optic nerve macrophages, retinal neurons, ...
L'Hommedieu C S - - 1983
A term neonate with hypermagnesemia secondary to maternal administration of MgSO4 for pre-eclampsia had a respiratory arrest after receiving gentamicin im. The neuromuscular tracings and sequential physician exams done before and after administering gentamicin suggest aminoglycosides may potentiate a magnesium-induced impairment of neuromuscular transmission and cause muscular weakness in neonates.
Ackerman N B NB - - 1982
Auscultation of neonates by means of conventional techniques is subject to many errors. Consequently, pediatricians rely on radiographs for much of their information regarding ventilation abnormalities. We report a method of simultaneous differential auscultation, using a double-headed stethoscope, which allows better auscultatory evaluation of neonates. The technique is simple and ...
Stein M T - - 1982
Attitudes, knowledge, and personal factors related to circumcision in the newborn period were analyzed among a group of 92 randomly selected primary care physicians and 103 parents of male infants. Sixty-five percent of the physicians conveyed a positive attitude about routine neonatal circumcision to their patients; pediatricians were more likely ...
Maylie J G - - 1982
Neonatal cardiac cells were smaller in diameter, having a lower concentration of myofilaments than cardiac cells of the adult cat. The sarcoplasmic reticulum-content in 1-day-old neonates was less than in the adult, and there were no transverse tubules in the neonatal myocardium. Postextrasystolic potentiation and post-voltage clamp potentiation were significantly ...
Mulley J C - - 1982
Frequencies for the electrophoretically detectable alleles of galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase were determined from 406 neonates in Adelaide. GALT*D and GALT*LA frequencies were 0.054 and 0.027, respectively. The expected proportion of heterozygotes was 15.3%, with a GALT N-D component of 10%. The distinction between GALT*D and GALT*LA is essential for estimation ...
Loren A B - - 1982
An improved assay for the simultaneous assessment of phagocytic uptake (via Immunobeads) and metabolic integrity (via NBT dye reduction) was used to evaluate the neutrophil function in neonates, one year olds, and adults. The unique advantage of this assay is that it evaluates both phagocytic and killing function simultaneously which ...
Warner E - - 1981
Circumcisions are performed either prophylactically in the neonatal period or therapeutically at a later age. About 10% of males not circumcised at birth will eventually require circumcision. The present neonatal circumcision rate is about 80% in the United States and 40% in Canada. The single most important determinant of whether ...
Collacott R A - - 1981
Neonatal tetanus was prevalent in the Scottish Islands in the 18th and 19th centuries. In the island of St Kilda, neonatal mortality reached 690 per 1,000 live births, and was passively accepted by the community. Many speculative ideas concerning its aetiology were propounded until unsanitary conditions were counteracted by simple ...
Spark R P - - 1981
A neonatal death due to unsuspected coccidioidomycosis was studied. A critical review of the 12 neonatal fatalities and two survivals now reported strongly opposes the concept of transplacental spread. Associated with 35 maternal fatalities in the literature are 16 cases of placentitis and five neonatal deaths; none of the neonatal ...
Rahier J - - 1981
Pancreases from normoglycaemic neonates (less than 15 days), infants (6 months) and adults were examined using immunoperoxidase techniques. Sections taken from five regions of the gland were analysed by morphometry. The volume density of total endocrine tissue was found to be higher than previously reported: 15% in neonates, 6-7% in ...
Crothers B J - - 1981
Wellington data confirm the findings of a Christchurch study of infant circumcision with the added finding that social class (measured by mother's education and husband's socio-economic status) is significant in determining outcome. Women are subject to pressure from medical staff, not to have boys circumcised resulting in a lower actual ...
Hoyt C S - - 1981
We studied eight infants who developed unilateral axial myopia associated with neonatal eyelid closure. Clinical findings and ultrasonographic biometric measurements suggested that axial elongation of the eye may occur as a result of neonatal eyelid closure, a finding similar to that for experimental myopia produced in neonatal animals after eyelid ...
Machin G A - - 1981
Apart from isoimmunization, a number of conditions may present as hydrops fetalis and now account for a large proportion of hydropic infants. A large differential diagnosis must be considered when investigating the hydropic fetus and placenta while in utero, in the neonatal period, and at autopsy. An investigative protocol is ...
Ash J M - - 1980
Twenty-one neonates suspected of having acute osteomyelitis were studied by technetium-99m phosphate radiopharmaceuticals. Of the ten infants subsequently proven to have osteomyelitis involving 20 sites in all, only sis sites (31.5%) were abnormal by bone imaging. Fifty-eight percent were normal and 10.5% equivocal. These poor results are contrary to the ...
Hitch D C - - 1980
Two cases of bilateral neonatal testicular torsion are reported and combined with 6 previously reported ones. These infants with bilateral testicular torsion are compared with neonates with unilateral torsion. Both have similar signs and symptoms: (1) a swollen bluish-red firm scrotum at birth, and (2) no evidence of spontaneous pain. ...
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