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Results 251 - 300 of 370
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Gu L L - - 1995
Subcutaneous fat necrosis leading to hypercalcemia is rare but well documented in asphyxiated neonates. This paper presents two such neonates in whom sonography revealed the development of nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis. The kidneys had initially been shown to be normal sonographically. In one infant, nephrocalcinosis developed as increasing echogenicity of the ...
Sainte-Marie G - - 1995
The endothelium of the high endothelial venules (HEVs) of lymph nodes is normally considered to inhibit an association with neutrophils. The present paper shows that for a few weeks after birth, however, neutrophils are commonly associated with the walls of HEVs, the extent depending on the site of the lymph ...
Mimouni F - - 1994
The various definitions of neonatal hypocalcemia (NHC) are critically examined. The authors review the known and less known complications of NHC and of its treatment. They emphasize the need for a definition of NHC in terms of serum ionized rather than total calcium concentrations, the rationale for treating symptomatic NHC, ...
Sahn E E - - 1994
Vesiculopustular diseases of neonates and infants can be divided into infectious and noninfectious categories. Recent clinical and scientific literature has focused mainly on the infectious diseases and on epidermolysis bullosa. This review covers the following disorders: neonatal sepsis, staphylococcal scaled skin syndrome, neonatal herpes simplex, neonatal varicella, congenital syphilis, scabies, ...
Zerin J M - - 1994
Asymptomatic neonates with urological abnormalities that were discovered antenatally or during screening sonography in the neonatal period differ in a number of important ways from those presenting later with overt clinical signs and symptoms of urological disease. The accumulated experience with these neonates over the past decade has led to ...
Kuijpers R W - - 1994
We report a family with a neonate who was severely damaged by intracranial haemorrhages. These probably occurred before the 20th week of gestation. The neonate had a moderate thrombocytopenia. In the maternal serum anti-HPA-1b and anti-HPA-2a alloantibodies were detected. Third-generation assays were applied to identify the alloantibodies. No other cause ...
Mouzinho A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Healthy very-low-birth-weight neonates (VLBW, < or = 1500 g) exhibit a high incidence of neutropenia according to Manroe's reference ranges for neutrophil indices. Since these reference ranges may be inappropriate for VLBW neonates, we determined the reference ranges for circulating peripheral neutrophils in VLBW neonates between birth and 28 ...
Alter G J - - 1994
Neonatal circumcision is a frequently performed procedure with rare complications. Buried penis is an infrequent congenital penile deformity. If unrecognized, circumcision of these infants may have serious consequences. Buried penis refers to a penile shaft that is buried below the surface of the prepubic skin because of an abnormally prominent ...
Cobb M A - - 1994
The diaphragm of neonatal horses is significantly different from the diaphragm of adult horses in terms of histochemical fiber type composition, myosin heavy chain isoform, and native myosin isoform composition. There is a significant increase in the percentage of type I fibers present in the diaphragm with increasing age from ...
Dreher M C - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To identify neurobehavioral effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on neonates in rural Jamaica. DESIGN: Ethnographic field studies and standardized neuro-behavior assessments during the neonatal period. SETTING: Rural Jamaica in heavy-marijuana-using population. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four Jamaican neonates exposed to marijuana prenatally and 20 nonexposed neonates. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Exposed and ...
Wilcken B - - 1993
Medium chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency has not been thought to be associated with significant neonatal symptoms. To determine the validity of this, all known MCAD cases from New South Wales were reassessed. A total of 16 confirmed and three presumed cases has been identified in New South ...
Contrino J - - 1993
Newborn infants have an increased morbidity and mortality from infection caused in part by diminished polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function and impaired recruitment of PMN to sites of inflammation. Recent studies in our laboratory and others have demonstrated the in vitro expression of several cytokines, including IL-1-beta, in adult human peripheral ...
Lane A T - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Emollient cream moisturizers are often used on premature newborns in neonatal intensive care units without accurate knowledge of the risks or benefits to the neonate. DESIGN: We prospectively compared premature neonates treated with a water-in-oil emollient cream for up to 16 days to untreated premature neonates. SETTING: The study ...
Mito T - - 1993
Clinicopathological features were examined in 65 neonates and 8 stillborn infants with pontosubicular necrosis (PSN) compared to 57 neonates and 19 stillborn infants without PSN. Twelve out of 65 neonates with PSN had congenital heart disease and 3 out of 65 neonates showed persistent fetal circulation. On neuropathological examination, the ...
Collet L - - 1993
Evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAEs) and spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs) were compared between neonates and adults. Several differences were seen for EOAEs: (i) the occurrence of EOAEs was significantly greater in adults than in neonates, and in neonates it increased with extra-uterine age; (ii) the high frequency EOAE intensity was greater ...
Hamra M - - 1993
We used microelectrode techniques to examine the influence of pH on the effects of lidocaine on neonatal and adult canine Purkinje fiber action potentials. Lidocaine, 5 mg/l and 10 mg/l, significantly decreased overshoot, Vmax, and action potential duration in neonatal and adult fibers (basic cycle length 1300 and 300 ms) ...
Gürses N - - 1993
Neonatal tetanus is associated with a high mortality rate, despite intensive care. Although it can be prevented by immunization of expectant mothers and by good hygiene and asepsis during delivery, neonatal tetanus is still a common cause of neonatal mortality in underdeveloped countries. In our study, hospital records of 133 ...
Chen J Y - - 1992
From November, 1989, to October, 1991, 4544 neonates were born at our hospital. Neonatal ocular prophylaxis immediately after birth was used with 1% tetracycline ophthalmic ointment in 1156 neonates, 0.5% erythromycin ophthalmic ointment in 1163 neonates and 1% silver nitrate drops in 1082 neonates. No prophylaxis for neonatal conjunctivitis was ...
Valpotić I - - 1992
We attempted to determine F4(K88)-adhesive and non-adhesive phenotypes of infant (neonatal < 3 day old and weaned < 4 week old pigs) and adult (> 6 month old) swine by ELISA using immobilized F4(K88)ac fimbrial antigen or whole F4(K88) + E. coli cells (strains M1823 and 1476) and isolated small ...
Mouzinho A - - 1992
Neonatal neutropenia occurs in approximately 50% of newborns delivered by women with pregnancy-induced hypertension. It is thought to be transient, independent of birth weight and gestational age, and unassociated with significant risks, including infection. It recently was suggested that neonatal neutropenia occurs primarily in smaller, younger neonates, is related to ...
Wang N K - - 1992
In a prospective study on the integrity of the interatrial septum in the neonates, multiple interatrial septal defects or openings with shunting were discovered in nine neonates by means of the color flow mapping technique used in their first week of life among 130 Chinese neonates. Eight of the nine ...
Vohra K - - 1992
This article describes a case of pneumoperitoneum in a newborn who had no evidence of an associated pulmonary air leak.
Turnock R R - - 1992
The aim of this study was twofold. First, to establish quantitatively the distribution of the immunoglobulin-containing (plasma) cells, T and B lymphocytes in the lamina propria of the rectal mucosa of normal neonates and neonates with Hirschsprung's disease (HD). Second, to review the neonates with HD to determine any differences ...
Stapleton S - - 1992
Modifications have made it possible to perform CAVH in the neonate. One of these is decreasing the extravascular volume in the tubing and filter to a minimal amount to allow for adequate intravascular blood volume in the infant. Another is utilizing predilutional fluid to decrease the need for heparinization. A ...
Nitta Y - - 1992
We encountered three Japanese families with neonatal lupus erythematosus. None of the three fathers showed any signs of collagen disease. The three mothers were found to suffer from Sjögren's syndrome; they all tested positive for anti-SSA and SSB antibodies and had lymphocyte infiltration into the small salivary gland. In two ...
Arthur R J - - 1992
An evaluation of the Siemens Digiscan has been undertaken to determine whether digital luminescence radiography (DLR) could replace conventional radiography in the examination of the neonate and young infant. Whilst the overall image quality of the digital radiograph was consistently higher than for conventional radiography the difference was less marked ...
Ueda D - - 1992
We performed a quantitative assay of the hydrogen peroxide generation in polymorphonuclear leukocytes using single cell analysis by flow cytometry. The study population included premature neonates (n = 10), term neonates (n = 28) and healthy adults (n = 29). The ability to generate hydrogen peroxide in neonatal polymorphonuclear leukocytes ...
Suri M - - 1991
C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha-1-antitrypsin (alpha-1-AT) and alpha-2-macroglobulin (alpha-2-MG) levels were evaluated serially in 25 healthy and 20 septicemic neonates and then compared as early diagnostic aids and prognostic indicators in this illness. Compared to healthy controls, septicemic neonates had significantly higher mean CRP levels (p less than 0.01). Neonates with ...
Ichiyama T - - 1991
The structures in the posterior cranial fossa of neonates and infants were visualized ultrasonically via the anterior fontanelle. The diameters of the cerebellar vermis, pons, fourth ventricle and cisterna vermis were measured in the midsagittal plane in neonates (n = 76), 1-month-old infants (n = 61) and 3- to 6-month-old ...
Babaniyi O - - 1991
The incidence of poliomyelitis and neonatal tetanus in Ilorin Local Government Area was estimated using a 40-cluster, retrospective survey of neonatal tetanus deaths and lameness from poliomyelitis in March and April 1988. The survey identified 19 neonatal tetanus deaths among 1601 livebirths, giving an incidence rate of 14.9/1000 livebirths. Some ...
O'Keeffe F N - - 1991
We studied the radiographs of 115 neonates with anterior pneumothoraces to determine how often the pneumothorax created the impression of a mediastinal pseudomass. The pseudomass results from compression of the thymus gland by air under pressure. To the unwary, the resulting configuration can lead to an erroneous diagnosis of a ...
Case C L - - 1991
Standard microelectrode techniques were used to investigate the in vitro developmental electrophysiologic effects of propafenone and 5-hydroxypropafenone on the adult and neonatal canine Purkinje fiber. The tonic and frequency-dependent depressant effects of these compounds on Vmax and amplitude were similar in both age groups. However, the ability of these compounds ...
Baskin L S - - 1990
The use of anticholinergic drugs in infants with neurogenic dysfunction has not been well documented. In this study, 35 neonates at risk of upper urinary tract damage from neurogenic dysfunction were treated from infancy with anticholinergics, in combination with clean intermittent catheterisation. None of the patients showed upper urinary tract ...
Boo N Y - - 1990
In a 30-month prospective study, between January 1987 and June 1989, 101 of 64,424 Malaysian neonates (1.6 per 1000 livebirths) born in the Maternity Hospital, Kuala Lumpur were found to have subaponeurotic haemorrhage shortly after delivery. The incidence was highest in neonates weighting 4000 gm or more. There was no ...
McEvedy B A - - 1990
To determine whether end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) measurements obtained with two infrared capnometers accurately approximates the arterial PCO2 (PaCO2) in critically ill neonates, simultaneous measurements of PETCO2 were obtained from the distal and proximal ends of the tracheal tube with a sidestream capnometer (Puritan Bennett/Datex--BP/D) and from the proximal end with ...
Salle B L - - 1990
Hypocalcemia is commonly observed in the neonatal period and is usually transient from a few days to a few weeks. On only rare occasions is neonatal hypocalcemia permanent and secondary to congenital hypoparathyroidism caused by either isolated absence of parathyroid glands or in association with other malformations. Most cases of ...
Zbinden R - - 1990
The present study investigates the incidence of human rotavirus excretion in neonates of two hospitals. From April 1, 1983 to March 31, 1984, rotaviruses were detected with Rotazyme in the feces of 57 (15%) of 383 neonates at the Department of Pediatrics, University of Berne, in a total in 71 ...
Raupp P - - 1990
A neonatal case of enchondromatosis is reported on, presenting with typical clinical features and radiological changes at birth. At two years of age, the enchondromata had considerably enlarged, and diagnosis was established by biopsy. The radiological aspect of enchondromatosis in the neonate is described and compared to its development in ...
Dolber P C - - 1989
Impulse propagation and histology were studied in adult and neonatal canine Bachmann's bundle. Both showed nonuniform electrical anisotropy: effective longitudinal conduction velocity (theta L) markedly exceeded effective transverse conduction velocity (theta T), and extracellular potential waveforms with transverse propagation were polyphasic. An age difference in theta L (0.80 m/s neonate, ...
Swaddiwudhipong W - - 1989
Information on the morbidity and mortality of neonatal tetanus was reviewed to evaluate the impact of the immunization programme among pregnant women in Thailand from 1977. We also analysed the epidemiological characteristics of investigated neonatal tetanus cases during the period 1984-1986. The neonatal tetanus case rate declined from 72.1 per ...
McKinley M P - - 1989
Prions cause Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Gerstmann-Sträussler syndrome, and kuru of humans as well as scrapie of animals. Prolonged incubation periods, from months to decades, precede clinical disease. In studies on the biochemical characteristics of prions, weanling Syrian hamsters have been used extensively because they have relatively short incubation periods. In studies ...
Christie C D - - 1989
Despite the increasing prevalence of pertussis in young adults and infants, reports of maternal-neonatal pertussis are rare. Our study involves three neonates who apparently acquired pertussis from their adolescent mothers. The diagnosis of pertussis was initially missed in all of the patients. The mothers had mild respiratory disease. All three ...
Dinsmoor M J - - 1989
Genital mycoplasmas are frequently found in the amniotic fluid (AF) of women with ruptured membranes but are infrequent pathogens in the neonates born to these women. The serologic response to the genital mycoplasmas, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum, was studied in 35 mother-baby pairs following term deliveries. Amniotic fluid and ...
Chintapatla S - - 1989
Deviated nasal septum (DNS) is believed to occur in neonates following the trauma of birth processes. The present prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship of intrauterine and parturition processes with neonatal septal dislocations. The neonates were subjected to a series of tests to assess presence and extent of ...
Folman R - - 1989
A retrospective report of the experience of nine years of simplified office screening for infantile urinary tract infection (UTI) is compared with the more invasive and stringent methodology widely considered necessary. Urine samples were obtained from 1313 infants of two years or less. In 27 of these infants UTI was ...
Cotton M F MF Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Coronation Hospital, - - 1989
A neonate who developed systemic candidiasis was successfully treated with oral ketoconazole (Nizoral; Janssen) and flucytosine (Alcobon; Roche). The potential benefits of this combination are discussed.
Lin M S - - 1989
A total of 18,611 live births from 1984 to 1988 in Toa Payoh Hospital were screened for neonatal hypoglycaemia. 102 neonates developed hypoglycaemia which was asymptomatic in 83% of cases. Of the 91 neonates whose medical records were still available, all had at least a high risk factor for the ...
Olusanya O - - 1989
Among the 446 high risk neonates studied for significant bacteriuria and pyuria in the neonatal wards of the Obafemi Awolowo University teaching hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, 7.6% and 5.8% were positive for significant bacteriuria and pyuria respectively, while none of the 81 infants in the control group were positive. Males and ...
Christensen R D - - 1989
Delineation of neutrophilic pool sizes and kinetics during the steady state and during various perturbations has improved the clinical approach to adult patients with abnormalities of blood neutrophil concentration. Perhaps a better understanding of neutrophil kinetics in the fetus and neonate might similarly permit a less empiric approach to neutropenia ...
Forbes J F - - 1988
This article introduces a neonatal classification based on latent class analysis. The neonatal classification generates five distinct classes ranging from the normal-birth-weight, full-term, healthy baby to the low-birth-weight preterm infant with many life-threatening problems. Unlike several suggested neonatal classifications, latent class analysis accommodates the range and severity of illness typically ...
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