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Results 201 - 250 of 374
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Massin Martial M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Clinical observations suggest the immaturity of the neonate's ability to respond appropriately to cardio-respiratory challenges and tilt test could help in detecting autonomic dysfunction in neonates. MATERIAL/METHODS: Heart rate (HR) responses following a 45 degrees head-up tilt during sleep were measured within the first week of adjusted age in ...
Maheshwari Akhil - - 2002
Neonatal alloimmune neutropenia is the neutrophil counterpart of the erythrocyte disorder of hemolytic disease of the newborn. Fetal neutrophil antigens, which are inherited from the father but foreign to the pregnant mother, provoke the formation of maternal antibodies, which, on transplacental passage, cause fetal/neonatal neutropenia. Because infants with this disorder ...
Kaufman Gary E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the least painful circumcision method. STUDY DESIGN: The infants were circumcised with either the Mogen or the Gomco procedure and were given a sweetened pacifier or a pacifier dipped in water. All infants had a eutectic mixture of local anesthetic cream ...
Hashimoto Masaki - - 2002
The expression of adherent leukocyte surface molecules, L-selectin (CD62L), and Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) in peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) was studied in 48 neonates and 24 healthy adults using fluorescence flow cytometry. L-selectin expression was decreased significantly in neonates, especially those with severe asphyxia (n = 10) compared with adults. Mac-1 ...
Sola M C - - 2002
Thrombocytopenia is one of the most common hematological problems among neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), but in the majority of cases the kinetic mechanism responsible is unclear. This review focuses on both traditional and innovative methods used to evaluate the mechanisms responsible for thrombocytopenia in neonates, and ...
de Lonlay Pascale P Federation de Pédiatrie, Hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, Paris, France. - - 2002
Hyperinsulinism is a heterogeneous disorder characterised by severe hypoglycaemia due to an inappropriate oversecretion of insulin. In a personal series of 175 patients investigated for hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia over the last 20 years, we review clinical presentations, molecular studies and therapeutic management of hyperinsulinism. There were 98 neonatal-onset patients, including 86 ...
Sillén U - - 2001
PURPOSE: Bladder function in healthy neonates and its development during infancy are described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Results of free voiding studies of healthy neonates and infants using 4-hour voiding observation and urodynamics studies were reviewed. RESULTS: According to these studies, voiding in the healthy neonate is characterized by small, frequent ...
Kosnik P E - - 2001
A myooid is a three-dimensional skeletal muscle construct cultured from mammalian myoblasts and fibroblasts. The purpose was to compare over several weeks in culture the morphology, excitability, and contractility of myooids developed from neonatal and adult rat cells. The hypotheses tested were as follows: (1) baseline forces of myooids correlate ...
Hunt R W - - 2001
Neonatal venous sinus thrombosis is a well-recognized, but infrequently diagnosed, cause of neonatal encephalopathy. Previous reports have tended to omit reference to the importance of maternal factors in predisposing the infant to this condition. This report, in which eight patients with neonatal venous sinus thrombosis are presented, will reveal a ...
Inokuchi T - - 2001
The causes and effects of transient neonatal ketosis, discovered during a pilot study of screening for abnormalities in neonatal metabolism using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, were investigated. Of the 21,342 neonates that were screened, 47 had significant ketosis. The organic acid profile accompanying ketosis in the urine of neonates followed the ...
Okamoto T - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to examine the developmental changes in the functional mechanisms of leg muscles in newborn stepping over the first four months in ten normal neonates. Neonatal stepping in the first month showed excessive coactivation, that is, co-contraction patterns of mutual antagonists appeared especially during stance ...
Peinemann F - - 2001
Five neonates who suffered from an unexpected long period of respiratory failure, muscular hypotonia, and drowsiness were observed in a retrospective study. Prior to this general depression, unusually high doses of diazepam were administered to all patients via intravenous bolus injection. Serum levels of diazepam and its active metabolites were ...
Citak E C - - 2001
Cholelithiasis in neonates and infants has been rarely reported. With the current widespread use of diagnostic ultrasonography, more neonates may be found with gallstones and common bile duct stones. We describe a case of asymptomatic gallstones detected incidentally at the age of four days who presented with early onset of ...
Sola M C - - 2000
Thrombocytopenia is a very frequent problem among sick neonates, affecting up to 35% of all infants admitted to the NICU. Although multiple clinical conditions have been causally associated with neonatal thrombocytopenia, the cause of the thrombocytopenia is unclear in up to 60% of affected neonates. This article provides neonatologists with ...
Manji K P - - 2000
Circumcision of the male infant by conventional methods is common practice in Tanzania. This study reports the use of the Plastibell to circumcise 386 young infants between 1992 and 1998 and shows differences in age at circumcision between African and Asian infants. The Plastibell has been found to be cheap ...
Maginot KR - - 2000
Pacing in neonates and infants continues to be challenging due to size constraints, growth potential, and the need for life long pacing. Indications for permanent pacing in pediatric patients have been difficult to determine due to the lack of data from controlled studies and multicenter trials. Temporary pacing has been ...
Kageyama T - - 2000
To clarify the nature of rat neonate/infant-specific pepsinogens, we carried out their purification and molecular cloning. Prochymosin was found to be the major neonatal pepsinogen. The general proteolytic activity of its active form, chymosin, was, however, lower than those of pepsins A and C which are predominant in adult animals. ...
Yung M - - 2000
A neonate whose mother had recently taken amitriptyline developed fixed dilated pupils after a modest dose of intravenous atropine. Interaction of atropine with neonatal amitriptyline levels is suggested and evidence of neonatal effects from maternal antidepressant use is examined. There were no neurological sequelae, and the neonate's pupils became reactive ...
Roilides E - - 2000
An unusually high incidence of septicemia due to multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae occurred in the Aristotle University Neonatology Department. Forty neonates suffered from 42 episodes of septicemia. Mortality was 43% ranging from 32% in neonates with birth weight (BW) - 1,500 g to 55% with < 1,500 g. No differences were ...
Singh K - - 1999
Seventy consecutive preterm neonates who stayed in the hospital for more than seven days between March and October 1996, were studied for colonisation at oral, umbilical, groin, and rectal areas and for fungaemia. Overall, 71.4 per cent of the neonates were colonised and colonisation occurred within 24 h in 38 ...
Maichuk G T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that highly fretful, narcotic-withdrawing neonates experience less distress in a prone-lying position than comparable, supine-lying neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Equivalent numbers of randomly assigned, narcotic-withdrawing newborns were assigned to prone-lying (n = 25) or supine-lying (n = 23) conditions. Subjects in the two groups were ...
Pijnenburg M W - - 1999
Neonatal hyperthyroidism may give rise to serious cardiovascular complications. A girl with severe thyrotoxicosis in whom hypertensive encephalopathy developed is described. Neonatal thyrotoxicosis can give rise to hypertension and may lead to hypertensive encephalopathy.
Song T B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of neonatal thrombocytopenia in infants born to mothers with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). METHODS: During the years 1993-1997, there were 6,082 deliveries. There were 32 infants born to 31 mothers with ITP. Cordocentesis was performed between 34 and 41 weeks of gestation in 16 mothers ...
Abril Martin J C - - 1999
Deformity of the calcaneus was observed in three patients who developed osteomyelitis after neonatal heel puncture for newborn blood studies. Septic involvement of the calcaneal apophysis may produce an abnormal and early closure of this growth plate. Progressive deformity of the calcaneus, despite appropriate treatment, develops into an asymptomatic flatfoot. ...
Sabatino G - - 1999
Suppurative parotitis is uncommon in newborns. During a 9-year study period, five cases of neonatal suppurative parotitis were detected in 3,624 hospital admissions. The relative risk of developing neonatal suppurative parotitis in admitted infants was 5.52 (0.62-49.35). Staphylococcus aureus was the causative organism most commonly detected in the hospital-acquired cases. ...
UzamiƟ M - - 1999
Early eruption of primary teeth rarely occurs and is referred to as "natal or neonatal teeth". These teeth may cause some complications, including ulceration of the sublingual area, pain during suckling and future nutritional problems. A two-month-old infant suffering from sublingual area ulceration due to two neonatal teeth was examined. ...
Gülman B - - 1998
The shape of the femoral sulcus is an important factor in patellofemoral congruence. The aim of the present study was to investigate the femoral sulcus angle using neonatal cadavers through ultrasonographic and macroscopic observations, in order to evaluate the differences between those two methods and also in order to compare ...
Libow L F - - 1998
Neonatal sucking blisters appears as unilateral or bilaterally symmetrical bullae or erosions involving the distal upper extremities at birth. They represent minor self-inflicted trauma, presumably the result of a vigorous intrauterine sucking reflex. Recognizing this benign self-limited condition avoids unnecessary tests and alleviates anxiety on the part of the infant's ...
Kuehl J - - 1997
Bleeding in the neonate can be a life-threatening emergency. Quick action is necessary to determine the cause of bleeding, which determines how the infant will be treated. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is uncontrolled, simultaneous bleeding and clotting occurring as a secondary disorder in sick neonates. Knowledge of the complex physiologic ...
Raabe T D - - 1997
Previous studies have suggested that neu differentiation factor (NDF), a member of the neuregulin (NRG) family of growth factors, may regulate the development of PNS and CNS glial cells. There is limited information concerning the potential role of NDF on the development of neonatal (immature) oligodendrocytes (OLG) into adult OLG. ...
Tseng E - - 1997
The implementation of a selective neonatal BCG immunisation policy adopted in south east London boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark, and Lewisham in 1992 has been audited. A survey conducted 18 months after the policy was implemented showed that only 11% of infants identified as eligible for neonatal BCG immunisation had been ...
Stang H J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To explore techniques that can be utilized in addition to the dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) to further reduce the neonate's stress and pain from routine circumcision, and thus make the procedure more humane. SETTING: Level 1 nursery at a community hospital. SUBJECTS: Eighty healthy, term, newborn male infants ...
Mittal P K - - 1997
A technique that allows construction of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt using a polytetrafluoroethylene graft in neonates and infants through an axillary vertical minimal access thoracotomy is described. It is a simple, safe, cosmetically acceptable, and efficient approach even when used during emergency situations. It was successfully performed in 5 neonates ...
Guo W - - 1996
Enzyme-linked colorimetric analysis and radioimmunoassay were employed to detect serum fasting total bile acids (FBA) and choloyglycin (CG) respectively in cases of 32 neonatal hepatitis, 33 cases of neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and 34 cases of breast milk jaundice (BMJ). FBA and CG in acute period of neonatal hepatitis were obviously ...
Blythe W R - - 1996
In infants and children, cervical masses originate from a variety of pathologic, congenital and developmental conditions, and it is important to distinguish benign from serious lesions. Fibromatosis colli is a rare cervical lesion that typically presents in the neonatal period. It is the most common cause of neonatal torticollis and ...
Eason J D - - 1996
A newborn infant is described who presented with septicemia and meningoencephalitis caused by Plesiomonas shigelloides, a Gram-negative rod belonging to the family Vibrionaceae. This appears to be the first documented case in a neonate in Canada. Despite prompt treatment with appropriate antibiotics, he developed endophthalmitis and lytic brain lesions.
Cheung A T - - 1996
Despite major advances in the management and care of critically ill and low-birth weight human and nonhuman primate infants over the past two decades, infection remains a major source of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Although the causes of enhanced susceptibility and dissemination of neonatal infections are incompletely defined in the ...
Rapelanoro R - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Papulopustular eruptions of the face in neonates are frequently referred to as neonatal acne or sebaceous miliaria. Our findings suggest that there is an association between this type of eruption and Malassezia furfur infection. OBSERVATIONS: Direct examination of pustule smears showed M furfur yeasts in eight of 13 cases ...
Tiwari S - - 1996
Motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity, H-reflex and F-response have been studied in the age group showing maximum changes i.e. neonates and infants. The nerve conduction velocity in upper and lower limbs was 25 M/S and 23.75 M/S respectively in neonate age group; 34.4 M/S and 32.4 M/S respectively in ...
Fischbach M - - 1996
Despite the major advances in the management of renal failure, the mortality and morbidity rates remain higher in neonates than in older children. But, in most of the cases, effective peritoneal dialysis is possible, giving these neonates a chance of life. In infants and neonates, peritoneal permeability seems to be ...
Majewska B - - 1996
A distribution of dendrites was studied in mouse barrel field after a neonatal unilateral partial lesion of vibrissal follicles using anti-MAP-2 immunohistochemistry. The effect of a neonatal vibrissal follicles removal was studied in adult mice: barrels corresponding to intact follicles were enlarged whereas those representing removed follicles had not developed. ...
Riedel F - - 1996
Rotavirus (RV), a common cause of infectious enteritis in young children including neonates, has not been associated with central nervous symptoms in standard textbooks. However, involvement of the CNS has been reported recently in case reports and small series. From 786 neonatal admissions in 1991 we retrospectively analysed the records ...
Perlmutter D F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether it is necessary to delay discharge of newly circumcised male neonates to observe voiding. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 1992 and 1993 of 51 healthy male, newly circumcised neonates between 0 and 10 days of age. The neonates were observed for the ...
Borum P R - - 1995
Experimental evidence from several investigators suggests that carnitine is a conditionally essential nutrient for neonates. If carnitine is a conditionally essential nutrient for the neonate, most neonates on total parenteral nutrition in the United States are not receiving adequate nutritional support. The metabolic functions of carnitine are varied and important ...
Kahana M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Several studies have documented cutaneous findings in neonates of various racial groups. Our purpose was to determine the frequency of birthmarks in Israeli neonates of Jewish and Arabic origin. METHODS: A cohort of 1672 newborn infants under 96 hours of age were examined for the presence of birthmarks. Of ...
Abbasi K A - - 1995
This is a study of 2050 neonatal admissions excluding neonatal tetanus in children hospital CMC Larkana from December, 1988 to July, 1993. Six hundred and eighty-nine cases were admitted in General Paediatrics Ward before establishment of neonatal unit and 1361 cases were admitted in neonatal ward. The aime of study ...
Viana F - - 1995
1. The repetitive firing properties of neonatal and adult rat hypoglossal motoneurones (HMs) were investigated in a brainstem slice preparation. Neonatal HMs could be classified into two main groups: (1) neurones with a decrementing or adapting firing pattern (type D); exhibiting an early and a late phase; and (2) neurones ...
Holman J R - - 1995
Neonatal circumcision is most commonly performed using one of three techniques--the Mogen clamp, the Gomco clamp or the Plastibell device. With all three techniques, careful selection and preparation of patients is essential. Informed consent must be obtained from parents or guardians, based on an objective understanding of the medical and ...
Spitz L - - 1995
Advances in the sophistication of operative and anaesthetic techniques and progress in pre- and postoperative care have contributed to the improved survival of infants undergoing surgery in the neonatal period. Neonatal surgery must be concentrated in designated regional centres where expertise of the full range of paediatric specialties is available ...
Hanukoglu A - - 1995
A 13-day-old infant developed bilateral hydroureteronephrosis, severe hyponatraemia, hyperkalaemia, and acidosis, as a result of urethral damage following circumcision. The hydroureteronephrosis and biochemical abnormalities normalized after resolution of the penile injury. Conclusion. Infants with urinary retention following circumcision may develop hydro-ureteronephrosis and electrolyte disturbances. An awareness of the potential dangers ...
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