Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 373
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >
Weiss Helen A HA MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK. - - 2010
Approximately one in three men are circumcised globally, but there are relatively few data on the safety of the procedure. The aim of this paper is to summarize the literature on frequency of adverse events following pediatric circumcision, with a focus on developing countries. PubMed and other databasess were searched ...
Mwaniki Michael K MK Centre for Geographic Medicine Research (Coast), Kenya Medical Research Institute, PO Box 230, Kilifi, Kenya. - - 2010
Most of the global neonatal deaths occur in developing nations, mostly in rural homes. Many of the newborns who receive formal medical care are treated in rural district hospitals and other peripheral health centres. However there are no published studies demonstrating trends in neonatal admissions and outcome in rural health ...
Zekic Tomas S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine frequency of ulcerative tracheitis (UT) among intubated neonates and identify groups of neonates at greater risk of UT. METHODS: Medical histories and autopsy findings from 232 neonates between 1995 and 2006 were reviewed retrospectively. All neonates were treated at the Department of Neonatology, Clinical Hospital Center Split. ...
Doglioni N - - 2009
In a recent short-term physiological study, we demonstrated a new continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) system (neonatal helmet-CPAP) that could be a feasible device for managing preterm infants needing continuous distending pressure with better tolerability than nasal-CPAP. However, its application for a long-term period has never been reported in neonates. ...
O'carroll Peter - - 2009
We describe a 30-year-old pregnant woman with undiagnosed weakness who delivered a severely weak neonate. Subsequent workup of the mother revealed myasthenia gravis with muscle-specific kinase antibodies. The infant responded to intravenous immunoglobulin and symptoms normalized. He was presumed to have an anti-muscle-specific kinase-mediated transient neonatal myasthenia gravis.
Puetz John - - 2009
Little recent data are available describing fresh frozen plasma (FFP) use in neonates. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcomes of FFP transfusions in neonates. A single institution, observational, and retrospective review of each transfusion of FFP given to neonates admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit ...
Darmstadt Gary L GL Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2010
Effective and scalable community-based strategies are needed for identification and management of serious neonatal illness. As part of a community-based, cluster-randomized controlled trial of the impact of a package of maternal-neonatal health care, community health workers (CHWs) were trained to conduct household surveillance and to identify and refer sick newborns ...
Leeder J S - - 2009
Therapy in newborn infants presents unique challenges. The consequences of exposure of the fetus to medications and environmental contaminants in utero (following the mother's exposure to these) may present, in the newborn, as congenital malformations or adverse drug reactions or have unknown long-term consequences. Risk is not uniformly distributed across ...
Wintermark Pia - - 2010
We present the neonatal complications of two premature newborn infants whose placentas demonstrated placental thrombosis in the fetal circulation. Both mothers presented with a 3-day history of decreased fetal movements before delivery. The first infant presented with thrombocytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The second infant had extended bilateral extended hemorrhagic ...
Ozkan H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with the prognosis of newborns born to mothers with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and to compare the infants with/without thrombocytopenia in terms of maternal and neonatal characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the charts of 29 parturients with ITP ...
Krishnamurthy Sriram - - 2009
Gangrene of the extremities in the neonatal period is rare. Etiology is not identified in most cases and management is usually conservative. We describe an unusual case of an abandoned neonate with marked hypothermia, who was brought to us with gangrene of toes, during a severe winter. The toes auto-amputated ...
Matsubara K K Department of Pediatrics, Nishi-Kobe Medical Center, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan. - - 2010
The pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia during the neonatal period in Down's syndrome (DS) infants remains unclear. To elucidate kinetic changes of serum thrombopoietin (TPO) level and platelet count, and their correlation in DS neonates. Twelve DS infants (male/female: 7/5, term/late preterm: 10/2) born between 1997 and 2007 were included. Blood samples ...
Schneider Nanette Y - - 2009
In kangaroos and wallabies at birth the highly altricial newborn young climbs unassisted from the urogenital opening to the teat. Negative geotropism is important for the initial climb to the pouch opening, but nothing is known of the signals that then direct the neonate downwards to the teat. Here we ...
Whitehead Claire E - - 2009
This article attempts to cover the most common problems likely to present in neonatal crias and to give guidance on how to approach these cases, particularly how to stabilize the acute presentation of a sick neonate. It is impossible to cover every eventuality and it is important to keep an ...
Boucher Nina - - 2009
The nature of neonatal adverse effects in the offspring after maternal use of venlafaxine at term is not fully understood. We correlated neonatal clinical signs over time with serum concentrations of venlafaxine and its active metabolite in the neonatal period. Women exposed to venlafaxine near term, and their neonates, were ...
Saint-Faust Marie - - 2010
Transient neonatal myasthenia gravis (TNMG) and neonatal lupus are rare conditions due to the transplacental passage of antibodies. We describe a unique case of TNMG, revealing a myasthenia gravis (MG) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the mother. J. M., 8 days of age, was admitted for jaundice. Examination ...
Panko Jacqueline - - 2009
Neonatal pemphigus is a rarely reported transitory autoimmune blistering disease caused by transfer of maternal IgG autoantibodies to desmoglein 3 to the neonate through the placenta when the mother is affected with pemphigus. It is clinically characterized by transient flaccid blisters and erosions on the skin and, rarely, the mucous ...
Masuno Kanako - - 2009
The Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) is one of seven countries that have not eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus in more than 50% of districts. We conducted a community-based household survey to assess the achievements of strategies towards maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination in the capital province. The coverage of ...
Rampono J - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We investigated placental transfer and neurobehavioural effects in neonates exposed to citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine or sertraline (SSRI's), or to venlafaxine (an SNRI). METHODS: Women receiving antidepressants during pregnancy and their neonates were studied. Cord and maternal drug concentrations were measured at birth and in the neonates plasma ...
Pearson Lauree - - 2009
Neonatal hemochromatosis is a rare disease of iron metabolism, characterized by the excess accumulation of iron in the tissues. This occurs in utero and can lead to fetal demise or an infant who presents with advanced liver disease in the neonatal period. A case of neonatal hemochromatosis is reported in ...
Mu Shu-Chi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The specific aims of the present study were to evaluate the associations between cardiac troponin I (Tn I) and perinatal events and whether Tn I serves as a predictor to evaluate neonatal outcomes. METHODS: Tn I level was assessed in sick neonates with respiratory distress within 12 h after ...
Trevisanuto D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Neonates produce predominantly skeletal muscle troponin I (TnI) in the myocardium; however, in asphyxiated neonates, high levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) have been found. We hypothesised that in these circumstances cTnI could be from the mother or the result of a change in fetal/neonatal production in response to ...
Simpson Kathleen E - - 2009
Enterovirus myocarditis can be a serious infection in neonates, complicated by cardiac dysfunction and arrhythmias. Although decreased systolic function and ventricular arrhythmias have been reported, there is limited description of significant atrial involvement. We present an unusual series of three infants at our institution with enterovirus myocarditis in the neonatal ...
Serber Julia - - 2009
Two infants are described who presented in the neonatal period with a direct hyperbilirubinemia. This was initially presumed to be because of the diagnosis of gastroschisis and the prolonged use of parenteral nutrition. However, both infants were eventually found to have an associated choledochal cyst. The cases are a novel ...
Yost Christian C - - 2009
Neutrophils are highly specialized innate effector cells that have evolved for killing of pathogens. Human neonates have a common multifactorial syndrome of neutrophil dysfunction that is incompletely characterized and contributes to sepsis and other severe infectious complications. We identified a novel defect in the antibacterial defenses of neonates: inability to ...
Filippi Luca - - 2009
Candidiasis is relatively frequent in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units (ICUs), particularly in preterm infants less than 28 weeks of gestational age. Neonatal candidiasis shows high mortality and is often associated to poor neurodevelopmental prognosis in survivor patients. Amphotericin B and fluconazole are the first choice drugs for the ...
Christensen Robert D - - 2009
"Normal values" for blood parameters of neonates are generally unavailable, because blood is not usually drawn on healthy, normal neonates to establish normal ranges. Instead, "reference ranges" are used, consisting of the 5th to the 95th percentile values compiled from tests performed on neonatal patients with minimal pathology, under the ...
Opiela Shannon J SJ Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, FL 33136, - - 2009
In contrast to adults, the murine neonatal CD4+ compartment contains a high frequency of recent thymic emigrants (RTEs). However, the functional capabilities of these cells in neonates are relatively unknown. Moreover, it has not been determined whether RTEs from neonates and adults are comparable. Here we have directly compared neonatal ...
Kamboj Mala - - 2009
The term "neonatal teeth" is applied to those teeth which erupt within the first 30 days of life. Case of a fifteen day old infant is presented here with a neonatal tooth that led to serious complications. An attempt has been made to highlight that these predeciduous teeth can sometimes ...
Ahmad Nazni Wasi - - 2009
Myiasis is a pathological condition in humans and animals caused by various species of dipterous larvae. Myiasis which occurs in a newborn baby is referred as neonatal myiasis. It is a rare condition and there are only a few reports to date. A case of neonatal aural myiasis in a ...
Mousavi Seyed A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review our experience in infants with glanular hypospadias or hooded prepuce without meatal anomaly, who underwent circumcision with the plastibell device. Although circumcision with the plastibell device is well described, there are no reported experiences pertaining to hooded prepuce or glanular hypospadias that have been operated on ...
Pacifici Gian Maria - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is common in neonates and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Sixty percent of preterm neonates receive at least one antibiotic, and 43% of the antibiotics administered to these neonates are aminoglycosides. The clearance (Cl), serum half-life (t(1/2)), and volume of distribution (Vd) of aminoglycosides change ...
Askenazi David J - - 2009
Outcomes in critically ill neonates have improved over the past three decades, yet high residual mortality and morbidity rates exist. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is not just an innocent by-stander in the critically ill patient. Research on incidence and outcomes of AKI in the critically ill neonatal population is scarce. ...
Barks John D E - - 2008
Clinicians who are convinced by the available evidence that cooling is a safe and effective treatment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in the term or near-term infant are now faced with a series of decisions around implementation of therapeutic hypothermia in their neonatal ICU or region. There is currently uncertainty about the ...
Gibson Kate - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The goals were to examine the frequency of perinatal manifestations of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation disorders within a population-based cohort, to characterize these manifestations, to identify a possible association between these manifestations and diagnoses at a later age, and to identify possible associations between perinatal complications and specific disorders. METHODS: ...
Khan A M - - 2009
Data on the aetiology of diarrhoea in neonates are scarce, especially from developing countries including Bangladesh. A retrospective review of the electronic database of the Microbiology Laboratory of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), was carried out to examine enteropathogens associated with diarrhoea in neonates. Stool specimens ...
Riel-Romero Rosario Maria S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this manuscript is to review various clinical and neuroimaging features of vascular pathology in the fetus and neonate. METHODS: A PubMed search of literature from 1978 to 2007 was performed using key search terms. Scientific papers pertinent to fetal and neonatal strokes were included and analysed. ...
Mohta Anup - - 2008
A neonate with perineal lipoma associated with penoscrotal transposition and bifid scrotum is reported.
Pacifici G M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is common in neonates and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Sixty percent of preterm neonates receive at least one antibiotic during the first week of life, with penicillins being the most frequently administered antibiotics. The clearance (Cl), serum half-life (t((1/2))) and volume of distribution (Vd) of ...
Lopreato Fernanda R - - 2008
The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) and reduced folate carrier (RFC1) gene polymorphisms were associated with folate status. We investigated the effects of these polymorphisms on serum folate (SF) and folate-related metabolites in mothers and their neonates. Cobalamin (Cbl), SF, total homocysteine (tHcy), methylmalonic acid (MMA), S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), ...
Dauria Danielle - - 2008
Neonates with Pierre Robin sequence have respiratory distress caused by glossoptosis due to microretrognathia. Numerous therapeutic maneuvers have been used to stabilize the upper airway in these patients. The purpose of this study is to document the frequency with which each of these maneuvers is used, including the newest technique ...
Osifo O D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, neonatal analgesia for surgical procedures is a major challenge where postoperative care is inadequate. AIM: To report experience of pentazocine for neonatal surgery in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. METHODS: A retrospective study of surgical neonates who received pentazocine at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital in ...
Kawakami Kiyobumi - - 2008
Twenty-two preterm neonates were observed 1h per neonate in the NICU. Ninety-five spontaneous smiles were recorded. Younger and smaller neonates showed more and longer spontaneous smiles than older and larger. The youngest neonate was 200 days from conception on the observational day. She was 511 g. This infant showed spontaneous ...
Nassar May F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed to investigate the effect of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) on the neurotransmitter neurokinin A (NKA) and determine its relation to the severity of neonatal hypoxia. METHODS: Eighteen neonates suffering from HIE were compared to 10 clinically healthy full-term neonates acting as the control group. ...
Pedroarena Christine M - - 2008
Despite evidence of local glycinergic circuits in the mature cerebellar nuclei the result of their activation remains unknown. Here, using whole cell recordings in rat cerebellar slices we demonstrated that after postnatal day 17 (>P17) glycinergic IPSCs can be readily evoked in large deep cerebellar nuclear neurons (DCNs), in the ...
Im Hyesang - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to test the effect of Yakson (i.e. a traditional Korean touching method) and non-nutritive sucking (NNS) on reducing the pain that neonates experience when undergoing the heel stick procedure for blood testing. Ninety-nine healthy neonates were recruited and assigned into three groups: Yakson (n ...
Travadi J - - 2007
A wide range of contrast agents with varying osmolality (290-849 mmol/kg) and iodine content (150-370 mg/mL) are currently available for neonatal gastrointestinal contrast studies. A nationwide survey was hence conducted to identify current practices. A questionnaire was mailed to the 22 Australian neonatal units registered with the Australian and New ...
Machmouchi M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Circumcision is the most frequently performed procedure in male children. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the outcome of circumcision performed in the early neonatal period and circumcision performed at 5 months of age. Setting of the study was the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research ...
Heughan Caroline E - - 2007
Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita is an uncommon congenital vascular anomaly that is characterized by persistent, reticulated, violaceous pigmentation. We describe a female infant with vascular lesions consistent with this entity who was born to a mother with previously diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus. Antinuclear antibodies and anti-Ro/SSA antibodies were detected in ...
De Praeter Claudine - - 2008
Bloody nipple discharge is a rare but distressing finding in neonates and infants. We report on a 2-month-old boy with unilateral bloody nipple discharge. Ultrasound examination revealed dilated mammary ducts. This benign phenomenon is most likely to be caused by mammary ductal ectasia. Invasive investigations or surgery should be avoided ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >