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Nag Deb Sanjay DS Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur, India. - - 2012
We report a case of a premature neonate born at 34 weeks and operated at 6 weeks of age developing unexplained seizures 10 hours after the end of surgery under single shot caudal epidural analgesia with bupivacaine and lidocaine combined with general anesthesia.
Montoya Jessica L JL Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of - - 2012
Infant cries and facial expressions influence social interactions and elicit caretaking behaviors from adults. Recent neuroimaging studies suggest that neural responses to infant stimuli involve brain regions that process rewards. However, these studies have yet to investigate individual differences in tendencies to engage or withdraw from motivationally relevant stimuli. To ...
Gunn Julia K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Perioperative brain injury is common in infants undergoing cardiac surgery. Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) provides real-time neurologic monitoring and can identify seizures and abnormalities of background cerebral activity. We aimed to determine the incidence of perioperative electrical seizures, and to establish the background pattern of aEEG, in neonates undergoing Norwood-type ...
van der Heide Mariska J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Neonatal seizures may persist despite treatment with multiple anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). OBJECTIVE: To determine in term-born infants with seizures that required two or more AEDs, whether treatment efficacy and/or the underlying disorder were related to neurological outcome. DESIGN/METHODS: We included 82 children (born 1998-2006) treated for neonatal seizures. We ...
Nagarajan Lakshmi - - 2011
The characteristics of ictal electroencephalograms in 160 neonatal seizures of 43 babies were correlated with mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Neonatal seizures are focal at onset, most frequently temporal, and often occur during sleep. Twenty-one percent of babies with seizures died, and 76% of survivors manifested neurodevelopmental impairment during 2-6-year follow-up. ...
Nagarajan Lakshmi - - 2011
We aimed to explore the significance and prognostic implications of paroxysmal brief electroencephalography (EEG) rhythmic discharges (BERDs) in neonatal seizures. The 52 neonates in this study were divided into 3 groups: (1) BERDs only: 9 neonates, (2) BERDs + conventional EEG seizures: 11 babies, (3) Conventional EEG seizures only: 32 ...
Taori Kishor - - 2011
Prolapsed ureterocele is a rare complication that may present with acute bladder outlet obstruction, generally in female infants. We present a case of prolapsed simple ureterocele in an adult woman, evaluated by transvaginal micturating sono-urethrography. High-frequency transvaginal sonography of the urethra performed during micturation revealed the relationship of the ureterocele ...
Manikam L - - 2011
We report a six-week-old boy with genitourinary structural abnormalities who presented with profound hyponatraemia and hyperkalaemia due to transient type 1 pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) precipitated by a urinary tract infection (UTI), which responded rapidly to intravenous saline and antibiotics. In infants with structural abnormalities of the urinary tract, we wish to ...
Albert Jennifer - - 2011
To determine if using a breastfeeding privacy sign during breastfeeding sessions improves breastfeeding outcomes and maternal satisfaction. Quasi-experimental, posttest design. A convenience sample of 46 healthy, English speaking, exclusively breastfeeding, term (>37 0/7 weeks gestation) dyads were included. The control group received routine hospital care and completed a feeding diary ...
Chen Jie - - 2011
To examine Chinese neonatal infants with both cycloplegic and noncycloplegic retinoscopy and to compare the distribution of refractive errors for the two techniques. Cycloplegic retinoscopy was performed by two experienced pediatric ophthalmologists on 81 neonatal infants randomly selected from a group of 185 neonates who had undergone noncycloplegic retinoscopy. All ...
Chen Hung-Ta - - 2011
Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the most common causes for hospital admission in neonatal infants. Previous studies have found that jaundice may be one of the initial symptoms related to urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants. This study is to evaluate the incidence and related factors of neonatal infants with the ...
Gross Susan M - - 2011
Abstract Background: In the United States, most mothers who initiate breastfeeding will either stop or begin supplementing with formula before their infants are 3 months old. Routine breastfeeding education and support following hospital discharge are critical to breastfeeding success. The purpose of this article is to identify this critical period ...
Hallowell Sunny G - - 2012
Late-preterm infants (34 0/7-36 6/7 weeks gestation) are physiologically and developmentally immature at birth. The relationship between brain development and feeding is important since adequate oral intake is imperative to prevent feeding-related morbidity and mortality associated with being late preterm. One third of brain growth occurs in the last 6-8 ...
Bromer Jason G - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Simultaneous transfer of multiple embryos in an assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycle results in a high rate of multiple pregnancy. Besides the medical complications associated with multiple pregnancy, the financial burden of the resultant preterm infants is also substantial. The current review evaluates the costs associated with ...
Umeora O U J - - 2011
Introduction: Higher-order multiple births have implications for perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the incidence and outcomes of higher-order multiple pregnancies in a rural area in Southeast Nigeria. Methods: The study reviewed the data on all higher-order multiple deliveries conducted in two tertiary health institutions ...
Nathawad Rita - - 2011
In this study, we report 4 infants who developed severe ocular reactions after neonatal ocular prophylaxis with gentamicin ophthalmic ointment during a period of erythromycin ophthalmic ointment shortage. In light of this experience, gentamicin ophthalmic ointment should not be used as an alternative for neonatal ocular prophylaxis.
El-Gilany Abdel-Hady - - 2011
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life. The objective of this study was to assess the exclusive breastfeeding rate among infants and its predictors in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. Mothers attending for vaccinating their infants at the age of 6 months at primary healthcare ...
Li Yanhong - - 2011
Water channel AQP2 is the target for vasopressin (AVP) and a major determinant of urinary concentrating capacity. In mature kidneys, prostaglandins counteract the effect of AVP on AQP2 expression at functional sites. We investigated whether disturbances in water homeostasis in infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) treated with prostaglandin inhibitors ...
Roopakala M S - - 2011
Preterm infants can have many neurological problems. An enormous amount of fetal brain development occurs during the last trimester of pregnancy. They include myelination, glial cell migration and the development of a complex gyral pattern. The brain doesn't show the normal growth after birth in preterm infants. Brainstem auditory evoked ...
Peng Niang-Huei - - 2010
The purpose of this exploratory descriptive study was to examine relationships among physiological stress signals (heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and oxygen saturation) and stress behaviors (6 stress behaviors related to sleep-wake states, 10 self-regulatory behaviors, and 17 behavioral stress cues) in preterm infants during periods of environmental stress. ...
Nanda Monika - - 2012
To determine the usefulness of infra-umbilical mini-vesicostomy in infants with posterior urethral valves (PUV), in developing countries. This new technique facilitates clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) and overnight bladder drainage, which have been effectively used for the treatment of valve bladders in the developed world. A retrospective analysis of the records ...
Shima Y - - 2011
Objective:To evaluate the clinical utility of urinary β-2-microglobulin (B2M) at birth, an alternative to proinflammatory cytokines, as an indicative marker of fetal inflammatory response and subsequent higher risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants.Study Design:The relationship between urinary B2M at birth and the occurrence of BPD was examined in ...
Simforoosh Nasser - - 2012
To evaluate the preventive effect of neonatal circumcision on urinary tract infection and the incidence of complications following neonatal circumcision using Plastibell. A prospective study was carried out between 2004 and 2008. During this period, there were 3000 neonatal circumcisions. All of the cases were examined for any complications 1 ...
Kapel Nathalie - - 2010
The aim of this review was to examine the characteristics of the faecal calprotectin assay in neonates and the evidence for its use as a noninvasive marker of intestinal illnesses during the neonatal period. Bibliographic searches were performed in the MEDLINE electronic database up to February 2010 looking for the ...
Brusseau Roland - - 2010
The general principles that guide a pediatric anesthesiologist in the care of a newborn needing urgent and emergent neonatal surgery are reviewed. These include careful evaluation and assessment of the newborn including a detailed prenatal history. A brief review of neonatal physiology including the development of the autonomic nervous system ...
Tuitui Roshani Laxmi - - 2011
Neonatal hypothermia is the fourth leading causes of neonatal death in Nepal. Thus, it is the caregivers' responsibility to identify the hypothermia by using valid and less time consuming method like hand-touch method. Therefore, we examined the diagnostic validity of hand-touch method against low-reading mercury (LRM) thermometer for detecting neonatal ...
Bertino Enrico - - 2010
This was a nationwide prospective study carried out in Italy between 2005 and 2007, involving 34 centers with a neonatal intensive care unit. The study reports the Italian Neonatal Study charts for weight, length, and head circumference of singletons born between 23 and 42 gestational weeks, comparing them with previous ...
Nakwan Narongsak - - 2011
Infections caused by extensive drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (XDR-AB) have been increasingly observed and are associated with a high mortality rate. We present our experience using aerosolized colistin for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to XDR-AB in neonates. The clinical data of neonates who received aerosolized 4 mg per ...
Moosa Foad Ali - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of the circumcision by Plastibell technique with comparison of complications among neonate and infant age groups. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted in all the plastibell circumcisions performed by the first author, during the period October 2006 to December 2008 at a private hospital ...
Grossmann Tobias - - 2011
Interacting with others by interpreting and responding to their facial expressions is an essential and early developing social skill in humans. We examined whether and how variation in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) genes is associated with 7-month-old infants' electrocortical responses to facial expressions. The results revealed that COMT ...
Bouman A - - 2011
Background: Infertility is a serious complication among male congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) patients which is often caused by testicular adrenal rest tumors (TART). TART are already present in childhood and early infancy in CAH patients. The incidence of TART in neonates without CAH has not yet been described in detail ...
Nelson Kristi - - 2011
We evaluated neonatal outcomes of apparently stillborn infants. The apparently stillborn neonate is born with an unexpected Apgar score of 0 at 1 minute and is subsequently successfully resuscitated. A retrospective cohort study was performed using electronic medical records for neonates >24 weeks' gestation born between 2002 and 2007. Adverse ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although maternal thrombocytopenia during pregnancy is common, its effect on neonatal platelets has not yet been fully evaluated. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the rate of thrombocytopenia among 767 healthy term neonates (gestational age 37-42 weeks) born to 723 mothers with pregnancy-induced thrombocytopenia to define risk factors predicting thrombocytopenia in ...
Nagasawa Hiroyuki - - 2010
Many studies have reported on the estimation of the development of left ventricular dimensions in children by using two-dimensional echocardiography and formulated equations to evaluate normal cardiac dimensions. We reported that height is the most simple and useful index to evaluate the normal dimensions of the left ventricle in children. ...
Dey Subhajeet - - 2010
Necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum and external genitalia is a life-threatening infective gangrene, primarily seen in adults. It may be seen at any ages but it is rare in neonates and infants. Here, we report a case of Fournier's gangrene in a 21 day old male neonate who was treated ...
Chang Shou-Chih - - 2010
Neonatal tetanus is a rare disease in developed countries, but remains common in developing countries. Pregnant women immigrating to Taiwan from developing countries may carry a risk of neonatal tetanus to the child, because of inadequate tetanus toxoid immunization and inappropriate postnatal cord care. Many young pediatricians in Taiwan are ...
Raith W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This is a prospective observational study performed at a university teaching hospital. The aim of the study was to determine the presence and absence of acupuncture ear points in neonates with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). PATIENTS AND METHOD: The patients are neonates with neonatal abstinence syndrome. The examination took ...
Motta M - - 2010
Thrombosis is a special problem of the neonatal period, particularly in premature sick neonate, where it occurs with greater frequency than at other times of childhood. The aim of this article is to review the recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of neonatal thrombosIs.
Jones Hendrée E - - 2010
This study examined the neurobehavioral functioning of neonates prenatally exposed to methadone (n = 11) or buprenorphine (n = 10), who underwent the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) examinations on days 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 post-delivery. Linear mixed model analyses revealed that NNNS scores of ...
Wilkinson Dominic J - - 2010
Trials in developed countries have shown that therapeutic hypothermia reduces the risk of death or severe disability in infants with neonatal encephalopathy. Cooling has been adopted as a standard of care in some parts of the world. Some Indian neonatal units have considered or even embarked upon cooling encephalopathic term ...
Storey Imogen - - 2010
Infant mortality is highest during the neonatal period. The provision of medical care for low birth weight and premature babies is challenging. Neonatal networks aim to improve outcome, optimize efficiency and increase the quality of care for these infants.
Islam M N - - 2010
This retrospective study was conducted to determine the morbidity and mortality pattern of neonates admitted in to Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH). A total of 4826 neonates were admitted and reviewed during the period January 2003 to December 2003 in MMCH. Neonatal admission comprises 31.6% of total paediatric admission. Majority ...
Bajic Dragan - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: During fetal development, the hippocampal structures fold around the hippocampal sulcus into the temporal lobe. According to the literature, this inversion should be completed at gestation week (GW) 21. Thereafter, the hippocampal shape should resemble the adult shape. However, incomplete hippocampal inversion (IHI) is found in 19% of the ...
Ruffatti A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the antiphospholipid profile and clinical characteristics of pregnant women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and neonatal outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively considered 109 treated pregnancies of 93 patients with primary APS and reviewed the medical records of their 111 infants. Neonatal outcome was assessed using the ...
Yokoyama Koji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) has been used as a tocolytic agent in cases of refractory preterm labor. Prolonged maternal administration of MgSO(4) may induce bone demineralization in the neonate. However, the effects of MgSO(4) on serum biochemistry related to bone metabolism in neonates remain unclear. AIM: To assess the effects ...
Krasemann Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A prolongation of the corrected QT interval (QTc) in the routine ECG of otherwise healthy neonates has been suspected to be a risk factor for sudden infant death. None of the studies published so far differentiated between awake and sleeping neonates. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to find possible ...
Noguchi Motomi - - 2010
Epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare complication of vacuum-assisted delivery in neonates. Although the standard treatment of EDH is surgical evacuation via craniotomy, it is an invasive procedure in neonates, and less invasive methods may be favored for hematoma evacuation. We report a case of 5-day-old infant with a massive ...
Pileggi Cynthia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To explore the use of the neonatal near miss concept as a tool to evaluate the quality of neonatal care, as 3 million early neonatal deaths occur every year around the world and the majority of these deaths are avoidable and take place in developing countries. METHODS: This is ...
Amaral Jennifer M - - 2010
Background. Late transient neonatal hypocalcemia with hyperphosphatemia is potentially life-threatening. The use of 1.25 dihydroxycholecalciferol in the management of neonatal hypocalcemia is unexplored. Objective. We hypothesized adding 1.25 dihydroxycholecalciferol to intravenous continuous calcium infusion (CaI) will achieve accelerated correction of hypocalcemia. Design/Methods. A controlled double-blind randomized placebo group was organized ...
Nebgen Sandra - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bednar's aphthae can still be found in newborn infants but have nearly disappeared from recent paediatric literature. OBJECTIVES: To find out the incidence of Bednar's aphthae among newborn infants during the first week of life and the factors associated with the ulcers. METHODS: Clinical findings and statistical data were ...
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