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Anvari Zohreh Z UPR2147, CNRS, Paris, France; Centre for Social Study and Research, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran; UMR 7194, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, - - 2014
In the field of biomechanics of quadrupedal locomotion in primates, infant-carrying has received little attention. This study presents the first biomechanical study of infant-carrying in captive female olive baboons (Papio anubis). We test whether females carrying infants conform 1) to the Support Polygon Model (Rollinson and Martin: Symp Zool Soc ...
Milner Antonia A Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, UK, - - 2014
Our aim was to determine whether neonatal trainees found respiratory function monitoring (RFM) helpful during the resuscitation of prematurely born infants, what decisions they made on the basis of RFM and whether those decisions were evidence based. Fifty one trainees completed an electronic questionnaire. Eighty-three percent found the tidal volume ...
Mendez-Figueroa Hector H Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas; and the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women and Infants' Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode - - 2014
To describe the perinatal and infant and early childhood morbidity associated with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) in a cohort of twin pregnancies evaluated prospectively with neonatal follow-up to 2 years of age. This was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of magnesium sulfate for prevention of ...
Zomer-Kooijker Kim K Dept of Paediatric Pulmonology and Allergology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
It is unknown why respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes mild disease in some children and severe disease, requiring hospitalisation, in others. We aimed to assess whether diminished premorbid lung function in healthy term infants predisposes to hospitalisation during RSV bronchiolitis, and to post-RSV wheeze. In a prospective birth cohort study ...
Pushpa-Rajah Angela - - 2014
Preterm birth is the most important single determinant of adverse outcome in the United Kingdom; one in every 70 babies (1.4%) is born before 32 weeks (very preterm), yet these births account for over half of infant deaths.Deferring cord clamping allows blood flow between baby and placenta to continue for ...
Hough Judith L JL Critical Care of the Newborn Program, Mater Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Physiotherapy, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Paediatric Critical Care Research Group, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Mater Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Although suctioning is a standard airway maintenance procedure, there are significant associated risks, such as loss of lung volume due to high negative suction pressures. This study aims to assess the extent and duration of change in end-expiratory level (EEL) resulting from endotracheal tube (ETT) suction and to examine the ...
Lu Wen-Hsien WH 1Department of Pediatrics,Kaohsiung Veterans General - - 2014
It is controversial to observe or close symptomatic congenital coronary artery fistula in infants. We herein describe a medium-sized symptomatic congenital coronary artery fistula that underwent rapid spontaneous closure in an infant aged <3 months.
Jordan Geraldine J GJ Health Geography Lab, Geography and Environmental Studies, Trinity Western University, 7600 Glover Road, Langley, BC V2Y 1Y1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Colic is generally defined as excessive crying in early infancy and can have negative consequences on the infant as well as on the infant's family life. Excessive crying can result in escalating parental stress levels, abusive caregiver response, increased risk of shaken baby syndrome and parental postpartum depression. In addition ...
Peykarjou Stefanie S Department of Psychology, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, - - 2014
The current study investigates how infants categorize human compared to ape faces. Nine-month-old infants were presented with priming stimuli related to human (N = 24) or ape (N = 25) face targets on different levels of categorization. Event-related potentials were recorded during a passive-looking rapid repetition paradigm. In a within-subjects design, priming effects of ...
Batey N N Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, - - 2014
There is a new emphasis in neonatal care in ensuring target levels of oxygen saturation are achieved to maximise the benefits and minimise the complications of oxygen therapy. All infants <36 weeks transferred by the CenTre neonatal transport service requiring respiratory support during transport from April to September 2012 were ...
Sasi Arun A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
To conduct a regional survey of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) Directors in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) to ascertain current practice. Use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy in infants < 34 weeks gestational age is not supported by current evidence. A cross-sectional electronic survey based on structured questionnaire was conducted ...
Thiagarajan Ravi R RR Boston Children's Hospital; Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Human gestation lasts 40 weeks from the date of the last menstrual cycle(1, 2). Neonates born 3 weeks prior (37 weeks gestation) through 2 weeks after 40 weeks of gestation are considered as being born at "Term". This classification is based on the presumption that no differences in neonatal outcomes ...
Ruchonnet-Metrailler Isabelle I Pneumologie Pédiatrique, Necker, AP-HP, - - 2014
Congenital pulmonary malformations (CPM) are mostly recognized on prenatal ultrasound scans. In a minority of cases, they may impair breathing at birth. The factors predictive of neonatal respiratory distress are not well defined, but an understanding of these factors is essential for decisions concerning the need for the delivery to ...
Quitadamo Paolo P *Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Section of Pediatrics, University "Federico II", Naples, Italy †Vilnius University Clinic of Children's Diseases, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania ‡First Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens, Athens Children's Hospital "Agia Sophia", Athens, Greece §Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain ||Department of Pediatrics, Institute for child and youth health care of Vojvodina, Medical Faculty Novi Sad, Serbia ¶Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia #Department of Pediatrics, Hospital S João, Alameda, Portugal **University Children's Hospital, Skopje, Macedonia ††Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Rome, - - 2014
AIM:: According to a recent survey, the 2009 NASPGHAN-ESPGHAN GER guidelines are poorly adhered to by European primary care pediatricians. The main issue raised from the survey was the prescription of unnecessary acid suppressive medications, especially in infants. No inquiry into the reasons was made. The primary objective of the ...
Olza-Fernández Ibone I Department of Psychiatry, Autonomous University of Madrid, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, - - 2014
This review focuses on the neuroendocrine mechanisms in the mother and the newborn that are involved in the generation and consolidation of mother-child attachment. The role that different hormones and neurotransmitters play on the regulation of these mechanisms during parturition, the immediate postpartum period and lactation is discussed. Interferences in ...
Smit Marrit M Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center, , Leiden, The - - 2014
To assess whether defined reference ranges of oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR) of term infants after birth also apply for infants born after midwifery supervised uncomplicated vaginal birth, where delayed cord clamping (DCC) and immediate skin to skin contact (ISSC) is routine management. Prospective observational study. Infants born ...
Fairhurst Merle T MT 1Early Social Development Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, - - 2014
Caregiving touch has been shown to be essential for the growth and development of human infants. However, the physiological and behavioral mechanisms that underpin infants' sensitivity to pleasant touch are still poorly understood. In human adults, a subclass of unmyelinated peripheral nerve fibers has been shown to respond preferentially to ...
van Zanten H A HA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Leiden University Medical Center, , Leiden, The - - 2014
To investigate the occurrence and duration of oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≥95%, after extra oxygen for apnoea, bradycardia, cyanosis (ABC), and the relation with the duration of bradycardia and/or SpO2 ≤80%. All preterm infants <32 weeks' gestation supported with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) admitted to our centre were eligible ...
Franke I I Department of Pediatrics, Medical Center, University of Bonn, Adenauerallee 119, 53113 Bonn, - - 2014
Posterior rib fractures are highly indicative of non-accidental trauma (NAT) in infants. Since 2000, the "two-thumbs" technique for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of newborns and infants has been recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA). This technique is similar to the grip on an infant's thorax while shaking. Is it possible ...
Parikh Laura I LI Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Washington, D.C; Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda - - 2014
To determine neonatal morbidity rates for early term birth compared to full term birth by precursor leading to delivery. This was a retrospective study of 188,809 deliveries from 37 0/7 to 41 6/7 weeks of gestation with electronic medical record data from 2002 to 2008. Precursors for delivery were categorized ...
Kassim Zainab Z King's College London, Division of Asthma Allergy and Lung Biology, Department of Child Health and Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation, London, - - 2014
Assessment of respiratory muscle strength provides important diagnostic and prognostic information. Normative data in healthy, term infants is, however, limited. Surgically correctable birth defects, congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and abdominal wall defects (AWD), commonly have impaired diaphragm function. The study aims were to obtain normative data for respiratory muscle strength ...
de Vries Maaike J MJ Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, - - 2014
Traumatic perforation of the lamina cribrosa and penetration of the brain occurred during nasotracheal intubation of a preterm infant requiring resuscitation. This rare complication is specifically associated with the nasal route of intubation. The complication resulted in significant morbidity. The infant developed an extensive intracranial hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus that ...
Das Emily E Manthan Project, Intra Health International, India. Correspondence to: Dr. Emily Das, D-503, Indra Prastha Estate, Opposite IT College, 2-3 Faizabad Road, Lucknow 226 007, Uttar Pradesh, India. - - 2014
To assess Accredited social health activists' (ASHAs) ability to recognize illness in infants aged less than 2 months. Investigators observed 25 ASHAs conducting 47 visits. ASHA-investigator agreement on the need to further assess infants was intermediate (kappa 0.48, P<0.001). Using IMNCI's color codes, ASHAs misclassified 80% of infants. ASHAs did ...
Bosemani T T 1] Section of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA [2] Neurosciences Intensive Care Nursery Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
We report on a preterm neonate of 30 weeks gestational age who presented with marked muscular hypotonia and severe respiratory failure at birth and was diagnosed with congenital myotonic dystrophy. Neuroimaging at 36 gestational weeks demonstrated diffuse T2-hyperintense signal of the supratentorial white matter and a simplified gyration and sulcation ...
Saiki Tolulope T Division of Asthma, Allergy & Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, , London, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that the ventilatory response to a carbon dioxide (CO2) challenge would be lower in the prone compared to the supine position in prematurely born infants studied post-term. To determine whether there were postural-related differences in respiratory drive, respiratory muscle strength, thoracoabdominal synchrony and/or lung volume. Prospective ...
Li Elliott S ES Faculty of Science, McGill University, Quebec, Que., - - 2014
We describe a case highlighting several controversial and important topics regarding neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Current neonatal guidelines recommend a 3:1 compression:ventilation ratio; however, the most effective ratio of delivering chest compressions (CC) remains controversial. We report a case of a male infant at 24 weeks' postmenstrual age weighing 650 ...
Gao Zibo Z Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Second Hospital of Centre South University, Changsha, PR - - 2014
Objective: This study investigated the feasibility, timing and indications for closure of large muscular ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in infants without use of a cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: A total of 9 infants with large muscular VSDs ranging in size from 7 to 15 mm were treated by minimally invasive closure ...
Amouzou Agbessi A Institute for International Programs, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
The rate of decline in child mortality is too slow in most African countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Effective strategies to monitor child mortality are needed where accurate vital registration data are lacking to help governments assess and ...
Zhou Qinming Q Institute of Neuroscience, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Chongqing, China; Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
To assess the influence of infant rearing on the behavior of depressed adult female Macaca fascicularis and the influence of depressed infant-rearing adult female Macaca fascicularis on their infants in a free enclosure environment. Here, 20 depressed subjects and then 20 healthy subjects were randomly selected from a total population ...
Lloyd-Fox Sarah S Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of - - 2014
Cortical mapping of cognitive function during infancy is poorly understood in low-income countries due to the lack of transportable neuroimaging methods. We have successfully piloted functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a neuroimaging tool in rural Gambia. Four-to-eight month old infants watched videos of Gambian adults perform social movements, while ...
Li Gang G Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
Quantitative measurement of the dynamic longitudinal cortex development during early postnatal stages is of great importance to understand the early cortical structural and functional development. Conventional methods usually reconstruct the cortical surfaces of longitudinal images from the same subject independently, which often generate longitudinally-inconsistent cortical surfaces and thus lead to ...
Sury M R J MR Department of Anaesthesia, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London WC1N 3JH, - - 2013
/st>Few electroencephalography (EEG) data are available in anaesthetized infants. This study aimed to identify EEG characteristics that might warn of awakening (AW) from sevoflurane anaesthesia in infants. /st>Twenty intubated infants [aged 39-77 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA)] were studied after surgery during sevoflurane wash-out. EEG was recorded at the end of ...
Parsons Christine E CE Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK; Centre of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University, - - 2013
Attractive individuals are perceived as having various positive personality qualities. Positive personality qualities can in turn increase perceived attractiveness. However, the developmental origins of the link between attractiveness and personality are not understood. This is important because infant attractiveness ('cuteness') elicits caregiving from adults, and infant personality ('temperament') shapes caregiving ...
Ambrose Christopher S CS 1MedImmune, Gaithersburg, MD; 2Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; 3University of Colorado, School of Medicine, and Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO; 4former employee of MedImmune, Gaithersburg, MD; 5University of Illinois, Chicago, - - 2013
The Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Respiratory Events Among Preterm Infants Outcomes and Risk Tracking (REPORT) study evaluated RSV disease burden in US preterm infants 32-35 weeks gestational age (wGA) not receiving RSV prophylaxis. Preterm infants <6 months of age as of November 1 were followed prospectively at 188 clinics from ...
Pereira Fabíola Lima FL Unidade de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil, Ribeirão PretoSP, Mestre. Enfermeira da Unidade de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal , Hospital das Clínicas , Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto , Universidade de São Paulo , Ribeirão Preto , SP , Brasil - - 2013
While hospitalized in neonatal units, preterm infants undergo various manipulations and procedures that have negative health consequences. The aim of this study was to describe the manipulations that preterm infants are subjected to over a 24-hour period in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). An observational, descriptive, exploratory study was ...
Milidou Ioanna - - 2013
Preterm and growth restricted infants may have developmental delays and deviations from normal organ function related to the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system. Since both organ systems are hypothesised to be involved in the pathogenesis of infantile colic, a condition characterised by excessive crying during the first months ...
Barr Rachel - - 2013
The absence of a father figure has been linked to very poor developmental outcomes for the child. During incarceration, there are limited opportunities for visitation between fathers and their children. The Baby Elmo Program provides incarcerated teen fathers with parenting training and visitation with their children with the stated goal ...
Szczapa Tomasz - - 2013
We assessed the safety and studied the influence of short-term helium-oxygen (heliox) mechanical ventilation (MV) on respiratory function, gas exchange and oxygenation in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or at high risk for BPD. A pilot, time-series study. Neonatal intensive care unit. Infants with severe BPD who required MV. MV ...
Ellsworth Marc A - - 2013
For more than a decade there has been considerable interest in the role of QT interval prolongation in the pathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome. It has been proposed that the QT interval is a surrogate marker for autonomic instability and can be used to identify infants at risk for ...
Parker Leslie A - - 2013
The provision of breast milk to premature VLBW infants is associated with significant health benefits. Unfortunately, the delivery of breast milk to these vulnerable infants is often limited due to insufficient maternal milk supply. Several interventions have been investigated with respect to increasing milk volume in mothers of VLBW infants ...
Kayhan Tetik Burcu B Family Medicine, Kalecik State Hospital Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended from birth until the first six months and then with complementary feeding up to age two. In our country, only 41.6% of infants are exclusively breastfed during the first six months, and the average duration of breastfeeding is 16 months.The term 'relactation' is used for the ...
Kim Sohye - - 2013
The neuropeptide oxytocin is importantly implicated in the emergence and maintenance of maternal behavior that forms the basis of the mother-infant bond. However, no research has yet examined the specific association between maternal oxytocin and maternal gaze, a key modality through which the mother makes social contact and engages with ...
Scheuchenegger A - - 2013
To determine (1) the association between neonatal morbidity and gestational age and (2) the impact of pre-existing maternal medical conditions, pregnancy and birth complications on neonatal outcome in moderate and late preterm infants (32-36 completed weeks).Retrospective single-centre cohort study including all moderate and late preterm infants without congenital anomalies born ...
Dassios Theodore - - 2013
Whole body hypothermia (WBH) exerts proven neuroprotective effects in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Our aim was to describe how WBH could impact on respiratory function in mechanically ventilated newborn infants, by recording primary and composite indices of oxygenation and ventilation before, during and after WBH. The medical notes of ...
McMorrow Aoife - - 2013
To establish the mortality rate to hospital discharge of very preterm infants who remain on positive pressure support (PPS) at term corrected gestation and describe factors that are associated with increased mortality. Infants born <30 weeks' gestation between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2009 who were receiving PPS at ...
Mattson Whitney I - - 2013
In infants, eye constriction-the Duchenne marker-and mouth opening appear to index the intensity of both positive and negative facial expressions. We combined eye constriction and mouth opening that co-occurred with smiles and cry-faces (respectively, the prototypic expressions of infant joy and distress) to measure emotional expression intensity. Expression intensity and ...
Sanyal Debmalya D Department of Endocrinology, KPC Medical College and RTIICS, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2013
Hypocalcemia is a rare reversible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and congestive heart failure; however, there are few reported cases, especially in infants. We describe 12 infants presenting with DCM and congestive cardiac failure who were found to have hypocalcemia. Vitamin D deficiency was the cause of hypocalcemia in all ...
Beima-Sofie Kristin M - - 2013
We evaluated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLRs with infant HIV-1 acquisition and viral control. Infant HIV-1 outcomes were assessed in a Kenyan perinatal HIV-1 cohort. Infants were genotyped for six candidate and 118 haplotype-tagging polymorphisms in TLRs 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9, MYD88 and ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2013
Late preterm (LP) infants are defined as those born at 34-0/7 to 36-6/7 weeks' gestational age. LP infants were previously referred to as near term infants. The change in terminology resulted from the understanding that these infants are not fully mature and that the last 6 weeks of gestation represent ...
Pauliks Linda B - - 2013
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a well-recognized complication of cardiopulmonary bypass surgery (CPB) in adults. Infants and neonates may also be at high risk for this due to immature myocardium. Conventional assessment of RV function is just qualitative, but novel tissue Doppler echocardiographic (TDI) markers including peak systolic strain rate ...
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