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Nakano Tamami T Dynamic Brain Network Laboratory, Graduate School of Frontiers Biosciences, Osaka University, 1-3 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan - - 2014
Newborns have an innate system for preferentially looking at an upright human face. This face preference behaviour disappears at approximately one month of age and reappears a few months later. However, the neural mechanisms underlying this U-shaped behavioural change remain unclear. Here, we isolate the functional development of the cortical ...
Mahgoub Linda L Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, - - 2014
Resuscitation and life-support treatments for infants born at the "cusp of viability" continue to be subject to clinical and ethical debate. Reported positive outcomes for these infants led our Neonatal Program to critically review our historic practice of discouraging resuscitation of infants born at <24 weeks' gestational age. This practice ...
Gogate Lakshmi L Department of Psychology, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, FL 33965, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In a quasi-experimental study, 24 Asian Indian mothers were asked to teach novel (target) names for two objects and two actions to their children of three different levels of lexical mapping development: prelexical (5-8months), early lexical (9-17months), and advanced lexical (20-43months). Target naming (n=1482) and non-target naming (other, n=2411) were ...
Thorley Virginia V School of History, Philosophy, Religion & Classics, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Milk kinship has religious and practical importance to Muslim families that is not well understood in Western cultures. The relationship occurs when an infant receives the milk of a woman other than the biological mother, creating familial relationships between the child and the woman whose milk is received. As milk ...
Sánchez Susana M SM Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, - - 2014
Although there has been great interest in the evolutionary approach to cooperative breeding species, few studies actually directly compare fathers and mothers on their motivation to parent offspring. We tested the responsiveness of common marmoset mothers and fathers to vocal and olfactory cues from their own and other infants using ...
Mellor Dj D a Animal Welfare Science and Bioethics Centre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences , Massey University , Palmerston North 4442 , New - - 2014
Abstract This paper focuses on the development of behaviours that are critical for the survival of newborn and juvenile mammals of veterinary and wider biological interest. It provides an updated, integrated and comparative analysis of how postnatal maturation of sensory, motor and perceptual capacities support and constrain behavioural interactions between ...
Johnson Mark H MH Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, - - 2014
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, with a high degree of co-occurrence. Prospective longitudinal studies of infants who later meet criteria for ASD or ADHD offer the opportunity to determine whether the two disorders share developmental pathways. Prospective ...
Geangu Elena E Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YF, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
From a very young age, infants perceive others' actions as goal directed. Yet, the processes underlying this competence are still debated. In this study, we investigated whether (a) 4- and 6-month-old infants and adults discriminate the biomechanical properties of the human hand within an action context, (b) the manipulation of ...
Galland Barbara C BC Department of Women's & Children's Health, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) covers both explained and unexplained deaths. Unexplained cases or SIDS are likely to have multiple neural mechanisms contributing to the final event. The evidence ranges from subtle physiological signs related to autonomic control, to findings at autopsy of altered neurotransmitter systems, including the serotonergic ...
Csibra Gergely G Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, Budapest 1051 Hungary; email: - - 2014
Human infants are involved in communicative interactions with others well before they start to speak or understand language. It is generally thought that this communication is useful for establishing interpersonal relations and supporting joint activities, but, in the absence of symbolic functions that language provides, these early communicative contexts do ...
Puche-Navarro Rebeca R Institute of Psychology, Universidad del Valle, Center for Research in Psychology, Cognition and Culture, Cali, Colombia, - - 2014
Inductive generalization is the primary way by which human beings arrive at the construction of knowledge. Usually, it is assumed that it operates in a linear manner-each new feature becomes "piled up" in the inductive accumulation of evidence. We question this view, and otherwise claim that inductive generalization is essentially ...
Groh Ashley M AM University of North Carolina at Chapel - - 2014
This study examined the extent to which secure base script knowledge-reflected in the ability to generate narratives in which attachment-relevant events are encountered, a clear need for assistance is communicated, competent help is provided and accepted, and the problem is resolved-is associated with mothers' electrophysiological, subjective, and observed emotional responses ...
Oosterhoff Alberta A Population Research Centre, Department of Demography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Landleven 1, 9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands; Research and Innovation Group in Health Care and Nursing, School of Health, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Eyssoniusplein 18, 9714 CE Groningen, Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the Netherlands, 81% of mothers initiate breastfeeding. After one month the percentage of mothers still breastfeeding drops, despite positive intentions. Little is known about women's perceptions of breastfeeding during the period of intention. This qualitative study aimed to gain insight into these perceptions among first-time mothers from middle and ...
Ter Schure Sophie S Cognitive Science Center Amsterdam, University of - - 2014
Research on the influence of multimodal information on infants' learning is inconclusive. While one line of research finds that multimodal input has a negative effect on learning, another finds positive effects. The present study aims to shed some new light on this discussion by studying the influence of multimodal information ...
Davanzo Riccardo R Department of Perinatal Medicine, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, - - 2014
Determination of the optimal timing of breastfeeding initiation for preterm infants is still a challenge for health professionals. Often unjustified delays and restrictions of breastfeeding occur due to non-evidence-based current opinions about preterm infants' feeding capacity. Semi-demand feeding has been proposed for preterm infants during the transition from scheduled to ...
Imafuku Masahiro M Department of Psychology, Faculty of Letters, Keio University, , 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku Tokyo 108-8345, Japan; Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, - - 2014
Development of a sense of self is a fundamental process needed for human social interaction. Although functional neuroimaging studies have revealed the importance of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in self-referencing, how this function develops in infancy remains poorly understood. To determine the cerebral basis underlying processing of self-related stimuli, we ...
Volling Brenda L - - 2014
Firstborn children's reactions to mother-infant and father-infant interaction after a sibling's birth were examined in an investigation of 224 families. Triadic observations of parent-infant-sibling interaction were conducted at 1 month after the birth. Parents reported on children's problem behaviors at 1 and 4 months after the birth and completed the ...
Howard Lauren H LH University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants' direct interactions with caregivers have been shown to powerfully influence social and cognitive development. In contrast, little is known about the cognitive influence of social contexts beyond the infant's immediate interactions with others, for example, the communities in which infants live. The current study addressed this issue by asking ...
Noori S S 1] Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, University of South California, Los Angeles, CA, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma, OK, - - 2014
Objective:We performed a multicenter study of preterm infants, who were about to undergo patent ductus arteriosus ligation, to determine whether echocardiographic indices of impaired myocardial performance were associated with subsequent development of catecholamine-resistant hypotension following ligation.Study Design:A standardized treatment approach for hypotension was followed at each center. Infants were considered ...
Anvari Zohreh Z UPR2147, CNRS, Paris, France; Centre for Social Study and Research, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran; UMR 7194, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, - - 2014
In the field of biomechanics of quadrupedal locomotion in primates, infant-carrying has received little attention. This study presents the first biomechanical study of infant-carrying in captive female olive baboons (Papio anubis). We test whether females carrying infants conform 1) to the Support Polygon Model (Rollinson and Martin: Symp Zool Soc ...
Milner Antonia A Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, UK, - - 2014
Our aim was to determine whether neonatal trainees found respiratory function monitoring (RFM) helpful during the resuscitation of prematurely born infants, what decisions they made on the basis of RFM and whether those decisions were evidence based. Fifty one trainees completed an electronic questionnaire. Eighty-three percent found the tidal volume ...
Mendez-Figueroa Hector H Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas; and the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women and Infants' Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode - - 2014
To describe the perinatal and infant and early childhood morbidity associated with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) in a cohort of twin pregnancies evaluated prospectively with neonatal follow-up to 2 years of age. This was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of magnesium sulfate for prevention of ...
Zomer-Kooijker Kim K Dept of Paediatric Pulmonology and Allergology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
It is unknown why respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes mild disease in some children and severe disease, requiring hospitalisation, in others. We aimed to assess whether diminished premorbid lung function in healthy term infants predisposes to hospitalisation during RSV bronchiolitis, and to post-RSV wheeze. In a prospective birth cohort study ...
Pushpa-Rajah Angela - - 2014
Preterm birth is the most important single determinant of adverse outcome in the United Kingdom; one in every 70 babies (1.4%) is born before 32 weeks (very preterm), yet these births account for over half of infant deaths.Deferring cord clamping allows blood flow between baby and placenta to continue for ...
Hough Judith L JL Critical Care of the Newborn Program, Mater Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Physiotherapy, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Paediatric Critical Care Research Group, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Mater Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Although suctioning is a standard airway maintenance procedure, there are significant associated risks, such as loss of lung volume due to high negative suction pressures. This study aims to assess the extent and duration of change in end-expiratory level (EEL) resulting from endotracheal tube (ETT) suction and to examine the ...
Lu Wen-Hsien WH 1Department of Pediatrics,Kaohsiung Veterans General - - 2014
It is controversial to observe or close symptomatic congenital coronary artery fistula in infants. We herein describe a medium-sized symptomatic congenital coronary artery fistula that underwent rapid spontaneous closure in an infant aged <3 months.
Jordan Geraldine J GJ Health Geography Lab, Geography and Environmental Studies, Trinity Western University, 7600 Glover Road, Langley, BC V2Y 1Y1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Colic is generally defined as excessive crying in early infancy and can have negative consequences on the infant as well as on the infant's family life. Excessive crying can result in escalating parental stress levels, abusive caregiver response, increased risk of shaken baby syndrome and parental postpartum depression. In addition ...
Peykarjou Stefanie S Department of Psychology, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, - - 2014
The current study investigates how infants categorize human compared to ape faces. Nine-month-old infants were presented with priming stimuli related to human (N = 24) or ape (N = 25) face targets on different levels of categorization. Event-related potentials were recorded during a passive-looking rapid repetition paradigm. In a within-subjects design, priming effects of ...
Sasi Arun A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
To conduct a regional survey of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) Directors in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) to ascertain current practice. Use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy in infants < 34 weeks gestational age is not supported by current evidence. A cross-sectional electronic survey based on structured questionnaire was conducted ...
Ignell Modé R R University Hospital, Uppsala, - - 2014
To explore fathers' perception of information received during their infants' care at a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). An inductive, qualitative and descriptive study. Eight fathers in two units were interviewed. The infants' gestational age at birth ranged between 23 and 36 weeks. Data were collected through semi-structured, individual interviews and ...
Thiagarajan Ravi R RR Boston Children's Hospital; Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Human gestation lasts 40 weeks from the date of the last menstrual cycle(1, 2). Neonates born 3 weeks prior (37 weeks gestation) through 2 weeks after 40 weeks of gestation are considered as being born at "Term". This classification is based on the presumption that no differences in neonatal outcomes ...
Ruchonnet-Metrailler Isabelle I Pneumologie Pédiatrique, Necker, AP-HP, - - 2014
Congenital pulmonary malformations (CPM) are mostly recognized on prenatal ultrasound scans. In a minority of cases, they may impair breathing at birth. The factors predictive of neonatal respiratory distress are not well defined, but an understanding of these factors is essential for decisions concerning the need for the delivery to ...
Quitadamo Paolo P *Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Section of Pediatrics, University "Federico II", Naples, Italy †Vilnius University Clinic of Children's Diseases, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania ‡First Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens, Athens Children's Hospital "Agia Sophia", Athens, Greece §Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain ||Department of Pediatrics, Institute for child and youth health care of Vojvodina, Medical Faculty Novi Sad, Serbia ¶Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia #Department of Pediatrics, Hospital S João, Alameda, Portugal **University Children's Hospital, Skopje, Macedonia ††Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Rome, - - 2014
AIM:: According to a recent survey, the 2009 NASPGHAN-ESPGHAN GER guidelines are poorly adhered to by European primary care pediatricians. The main issue raised from the survey was the prescription of unnecessary acid suppressive medications, especially in infants. No inquiry into the reasons was made. The primary objective of the ...
Olza-Fernández Ibone I Department of Psychiatry, Autonomous University of Madrid, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, - - 2014
This review focuses on the neuroendocrine mechanisms in the mother and the newborn that are involved in the generation and consolidation of mother-child attachment. The role that different hormones and neurotransmitters play on the regulation of these mechanisms during parturition, the immediate postpartum period and lactation is discussed. Interferences in ...
Houston Derek D Otolaryngol. - Head & Neck Surgery, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine, 699 Riley Hospital Dr., RR044, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2014
Auditory perception does not develop in isolation. In typically developing infants, the auditory system develops integrally with other sensory and motor systems. This integrality is disrupted in deaf infants. Even those who gain access to sound through cochlear implantation undergo a period of auditory deprivation where the other sensory systems ...
Kuhl Patricia K PK Inst. for Learning & Brain Sci., Univ. of Washington, Box 357920, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2014
As a graduate student in the 1960s, Joanne Miller was extremely well organized, exceptionally attentive to details, and very goal directed. When Joanne directed that level of attention toward the fine structure of speech and to theories explaining how human perceivers (both adult and infant) deciphered it, many important discoveries ...
Masapollo Matthew M McGill Univ., 1266 Pine Ave. West, Montreal, QC H3G 1A8, Canada, - - 2014
Recent research shows that pre-babbling infants can recognize infant-produced vowels as phonetically similar to adult and child vowel productions (Polka et al., submitted), indicating that infants normalize for speaker size information. Yet little is known about whether infants encode information about speaker size in speech sounds and then use this ...
Smit Marrit M Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center, , Leiden, The - - 2014
To assess whether defined reference ranges of oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR) of term infants after birth also apply for infants born after midwifery supervised uncomplicated vaginal birth, where delayed cord clamping (DCC) and immediate skin to skin contact (ISSC) is routine management. Prospective observational study. Infants born ...
Fairhurst Merle T MT 1Early Social Development Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, - - 2014
Caregiving touch has been shown to be essential for the growth and development of human infants. However, the physiological and behavioral mechanisms that underpin infants' sensitivity to pleasant touch are still poorly understood. In human adults, a subclass of unmyelinated peripheral nerve fibers has been shown to respond preferentially to ...
van Zanten H A HA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Leiden University Medical Center, , Leiden, The - - 2014
To investigate the occurrence and duration of oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≥95%, after extra oxygen for apnoea, bradycardia, cyanosis (ABC), and the relation with the duration of bradycardia and/or SpO2 ≤80%. All preterm infants <32 weeks' gestation supported with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) admitted to our centre were eligible ...
Franke I I Department of Pediatrics, Medical Center, University of Bonn, Adenauerallee 119, 53113 Bonn, - - 2014
Posterior rib fractures are highly indicative of non-accidental trauma (NAT) in infants. Since 2000, the "two-thumbs" technique for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of newborns and infants has been recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA). This technique is similar to the grip on an infant's thorax while shaking. Is it possible ...
Parikh Laura I LI Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Washington, D.C; Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda - - 2014
To determine neonatal morbidity rates for early term birth compared to full term birth by precursor leading to delivery. This was a retrospective study of 188,809 deliveries from 37 0/7 to 41 6/7 weeks of gestation with electronic medical record data from 2002 to 2008. Precursors for delivery were categorized ...
Kassim Zainab Z King's College London, Division of Asthma Allergy and Lung Biology, Department of Child Health and Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation, London, - - 2014
Assessment of respiratory muscle strength provides important diagnostic and prognostic information. Normative data in healthy, term infants is, however, limited. Surgically correctable birth defects, congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and abdominal wall defects (AWD), commonly have impaired diaphragm function. The study aims were to obtain normative data for respiratory muscle strength ...
de Vries Maaike J MJ Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, - - 2014
Traumatic perforation of the lamina cribrosa and penetration of the brain occurred during nasotracheal intubation of a preterm infant requiring resuscitation. This rare complication is specifically associated with the nasal route of intubation. The complication resulted in significant morbidity. The infant developed an extensive intracranial hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus that ...
Das Emily E Manthan Project, Intra Health International, India. Correspondence to: Dr. Emily Das, D-503, Indra Prastha Estate, Opposite IT College, 2-3 Faizabad Road, Lucknow 226 007, Uttar Pradesh, India. - - 2014
To assess Accredited social health activists' (ASHAs) ability to recognize illness in infants aged less than 2 months. Investigators observed 25 ASHAs conducting 47 visits. ASHA-investigator agreement on the need to further assess infants was intermediate (kappa 0.48, P<0.001). Using IMNCI's color codes, ASHAs misclassified 80% of infants. ASHAs did ...
Bosemani T T 1] Section of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA [2] Neurosciences Intensive Care Nursery Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
We report on a preterm neonate of 30 weeks gestational age who presented with marked muscular hypotonia and severe respiratory failure at birth and was diagnosed with congenital myotonic dystrophy. Neuroimaging at 36 gestational weeks demonstrated diffuse T2-hyperintense signal of the supratentorial white matter and a simplified gyration and sulcation ...
Saiki Tolulope T Division of Asthma, Allergy & Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, , London, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that the ventilatory response to a carbon dioxide (CO2) challenge would be lower in the prone compared to the supine position in prematurely born infants studied post-term. To determine whether there were postural-related differences in respiratory drive, respiratory muscle strength, thoracoabdominal synchrony and/or lung volume. Prospective ...
Li Elliott S ES Faculty of Science, McGill University, Quebec, Que., - - 2014
We describe a case highlighting several controversial and important topics regarding neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Current neonatal guidelines recommend a 3:1 compression:ventilation ratio; however, the most effective ratio of delivering chest compressions (CC) remains controversial. We report a case of a male infant at 24 weeks' postmenstrual age weighing 650 ...
Gao Zibo Z Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Second Hospital of Centre South University, Changsha, PR - - 2014
Objective: This study investigated the feasibility, timing and indications for closure of large muscular ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in infants without use of a cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: A total of 9 infants with large muscular VSDs ranging in size from 7 to 15 mm were treated by minimally invasive closure ...
Amouzou Agbessi A Institute for International Programs, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
The rate of decline in child mortality is too slow in most African countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Effective strategies to monitor child mortality are needed where accurate vital registration data are lacking to help governments assess and ...
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