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Cirelli Laura K LK Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S - - 2014
Musical behaviours such as dancing, singing and music production, which require the ability to entrain to a rhythmic beat, encourage high levels of interpersonal coordination. Such coordination has been associated with increased group cohesion and social bonding between group members. Previously, we demonstrated that this association influences even the social ...
Spencer Rachael L RL Division of Midwifery, School of Health Sciences, The University of Nottingham, - - 2014
To explore the experiences of breastfeeding women. There is a plethora of data demonstrating that human breast milk provides complete nutrition for human infants. While the rate of initiation of breastfeeding in the United Kingdom has shown a steady increase in the last 25 years, rates of exclusive breastfeeding in the ...
Fukuyama Hiroshi H Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, - - 2014
When interacting with infants, human adults modify their behaviours in an exaggerated manner. Previous studies have demonstrated that infant-directed modification affects the infant's behaviour. However, little is known about how infant-directed modification is elicited during infant-parent interaction. We investigated whether and how the infant's behaviour affects the mother's action during ...
Roth Bennett B 161 West 15th St., New York, NY 10011. E-mail: - - 2014
This paper attempts to integrate child developmental research and early childhood neural-cognitive development within the complexities of the early infant-mother relationship as described by psychoanalytic theory. Accumulating research evidence for the importance of the complex transition from mutual gaze to joint gaze calls into question the origin and analytic significance ...
Rhodes Marjorie M Department of Psychology, New York University, - - 2014
The experiences of social partners are important motivators of social action. Can infants use such experiences to make predictions about how social agents will behave? Sixteen-month-old infants were introduced to two social pairs. Initial events established within-pair cooperation as well as between-pair conflict involving an individual from each pair. Following ...
O'Brien Kathleen M KM Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, - - 2014
When infants first begin to sit independently, they are highly unstable and unable to maintain upright sitting posture for more than a few seconds. Over the course of 3 months, the sitting ability of infants drastically improves. To investigate the mechanisms controlling the development of sitting posture, a single-degree-of-freedom inverted ...
Putnam-Hornstein Emily E Children's Data Network, School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA California Child Welfare Indicators Project, School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA - - 2014
Maltreatment that begins during infancy is likely to be chronic in duration and developmentally consequential if the appropriate intervention is not delivered. Repeated reports of maltreatment may signal unmet service needs. This study prospectively followed infants who remained at home following an initial report of maltreatment to determine the rate ...
Pitts Casey E CE New York University, New York, NY, - - 2015
Adults recognize that people can understand more than one language. However, it is unclear whether infants assume other people understand one or multiple languages. We examined whether monolingual and bilingual 20-month-olds expect an unfamiliar person to understand one or more than one language. Two speakers told a listener the location ...
Sullivan Margaret Wolan MW a Rutgers, The State University of New - - 2014
ABSTRACT Since the introduction of empirical methods for studying facial expression, the interpretation of infant facial expressions has generated much debate. The premise of this article is that action tendencies of approach and withdrawal constitute a core organizational feature of emotion in humans, promoting coherence of behavior, facial signaling, and ...
Altvater-Mackensen Nicole N Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain - - 2014
Infants' language exposure largely involves face-to-face interactions providing acoustic and visual speech cues but also social cues that might foster language learning. Yet, both audiovisual speech information and social information have so far received little attention in research on infants' early language development. Using a preferential looking paradigm, 44 German ...
Mai Cara T CT National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2014
© 2014 The Authors Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Buelow Becky J BJ Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9000 W Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 440, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, - - 2014
Newborn screening (NBS) for severe T-cell lymphopenia/severe combined immunodeficiency using the T-cell receptor excision circle assay continues to expand in the USA and worldwide. Here, we will review why severe combined immunodeficiency is an excellent case for NBS, the outcomes of the first 6 years of screening, and dilemmas surrounding ...
Yelland Lisa Nicole LN Women's and Children's Health Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia School of Population Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Multiple births are an important subgroup to consider in trials aimed at reducing preterm birth or its consequences. Including multiples results in a unique mixture of independent and clustered data, which has implications for the design, analysis and reporting of the trial. We aimed to determine how multiple births were ...
Potter Ben A BA Department of Anthropology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK 99775; - - 2014
Here we report on the discovery of two infant burials dating to ∼11,500 calibrated years (cal) B.P. at the Upward Sun River site in central Alaska. The infants were interred in a pit feature with associated organic and lithic grave goods, including the earliest known North American hafted bifaces with ...
Vouloumanos Athena A Department of Psychology, New York University, 6 Washington Place, New York, NY, 10003-6603, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants' exposure to human speech within the first year promotes more than speech processing and language acquisition: new developmental evidence suggests that listening to speech shapes infants' fundamental cognitive and social capacities. Speech streamlines infants' learning, promotes the formation of object categories, signals communicative partners, highlights information in social interactions, ...
Urakawa Susumu S Department of Neurophysiotherapy, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Sugitani 2630, Toyama, 930-0194, - - 2014
To investigate the role of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in processing multimodal communicative ostensive signals in infants, we measured cerebral hemodynamic responses by using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during the social interactive play "peek-a-boo", in which both visual (direct gaze) and auditory (infant-directed speech) stimuli were presented. The infants (mean age, ...
Svendsen Mette N MN Centre for Medical Science and Technology Studies, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen. - - 2014
This article employs a multi-species perspective in investigating how life's worth is negotiated in the field of neonatology in Denmark. It does so by comparing decision-making processes about human infants in the Danish neonatal intensive care unit with those associated with piglets who serve as models for the premature infants ...
Braimoh Jessica J Department of Sociology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper, we focus on the initial experiences of breastfeeding among mothers to examine the ways that infant-feeding is socially constructed in the hospital. Data comes from 51 in-depth interviews with 17 first-time mothers in Ontario, Canada. Analysis reveals 52 magnified moments that we categorize as Successful, Ultimately Successful ...
Johnson Mark H MH Centre for Brain & Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Johnson and Morton (1991. Biology and Cognitive Development: The Case of Face Recognition. Blackwell, Oxford) used Gabriel Horn's work on the filial imprinting model to inspire a two-process theory of the development of face processing in humans. In this paper we review evidence accrued over the past two decades from ...
Nakano Tamami T Dynamic Brain Network Laboratory, Graduate School of Frontiers Biosciences, Osaka University, 1-3 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan - - 2014
Newborns have an innate system for preferentially looking at an upright human face. This face preference behaviour disappears at approximately one month of age and reappears a few months later. However, the neural mechanisms underlying this U-shaped behavioural change remain unclear. Here, we isolate the functional development of the cortical ...
Hall R A S RA Department of Developmental Psychology, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the knowledge that fathers uniquely contribute to the development of their infants, relatively few studies have focused on the father-infant relationship during early infancy. In the present longitudinal study we included 189 fathers and examined whether their early attachment representations of the infant predicted future quality of father-infant interaction. ...
Mahgoub Linda L Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, - - 2014
Resuscitation and life-support treatments for infants born at the "cusp of viability" continue to be subject to clinical and ethical debate. Reported positive outcomes for these infants led our Neonatal Program to critically review our historic practice of discouraging resuscitation of infants born at <24 weeks' gestational age. This practice ...
Willis Earnestine E Department of Pediatrics, Center for the Advancement of Underserved Children, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 West Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is a reference indicator for societal health status. Trend analysis of IMR highlights 2 challenges to overcome in the United States: (1) US IMR is higher than most industrialized countries and (2) there are persistent racial/ethnic disparities in birth outcomes, especially for blacks. Racial/ethnic infant mortality ...
Gogate Lakshmi L Department of Psychology, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, FL 33965, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
In a quasi-experimental study, 24 Asian Indian mothers were asked to teach novel (target) names for two objects and two actions to their children of three different levels of lexical mapping development: prelexical (5-8months), early lexical (9-17months), and advanced lexical (20-43months). Target naming (n=1482) and non-target naming (other, n=2411) were ...
Thorley Virginia V School of History, Philosophy, Religion & Classics, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Milk kinship has religious and practical importance to Muslim families that is not well understood in Western cultures. The relationship occurs when an infant receives the milk of a woman other than the biological mother, creating familial relationships between the child and the woman whose milk is received. As milk ...
Sánchez Susana M SM Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, - - 2014
Although there has been great interest in the evolutionary approach to cooperative breeding species, few studies actually directly compare fathers and mothers on their motivation to parent offspring. We tested the responsiveness of common marmoset mothers and fathers to vocal and olfactory cues from their own and other infants using ...
Hanly Charles C Training Analyst of the Canadian Psychoanalytic Society and Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, University of - - 2014
Deductive and inductive reasoning both played an essential part in Freud's construction of psychoanalysis. In this paper, the author explores the happy marriage of empiricism and rationalism in Freud's use of deductive reasoning in the construction of psychoanalytic theory. To do this, the author considers three major amendments Freud made ...
Rakoczy Hannes H Department of Developmental Psychology,University of Göttingen,D-37073 - - 2014
Cimpian & Salomon (C&S) present promising steps towards understanding the cognitive underpinnings of adult essentialism. However, their approach is less convincing regarding ontogenetic and evolutionary aspects. In contrast to C&S's claim, the so-called inherence heuristic, though perhaps vital in adult reasoning, seems an implausible candidate for the developmental and evolutionary ...
Mellor Dj D a Animal Welfare Science and Bioethics Centre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences , Massey University , Palmerston North 4442 , New - - 2014
Abstract This paper focuses on the development of behaviours that are critical for the survival of newborn and juvenile mammals of veterinary and wider biological interest. It provides an updated, integrated and comparative analysis of how postnatal maturation of sensory, motor and perceptual capacities support and constrain behavioural interactions between ...
Johnson Mark H MH Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, - - 2014
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, with a high degree of co-occurrence. Prospective longitudinal studies of infants who later meet criteria for ASD or ADHD offer the opportunity to determine whether the two disorders share developmental pathways. Prospective ...
Geangu Elena E Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YF, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
From a very young age, infants perceive others' actions as goal directed. Yet, the processes underlying this competence are still debated. In this study, we investigated whether (a) 4- and 6-month-old infants and adults discriminate the biomechanical properties of the human hand within an action context, (b) the manipulation of ...
Galland Barbara C BC Department of Women's & Children's Health, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) covers both explained and unexplained deaths. Unexplained cases or SIDS are likely to have multiple neural mechanisms contributing to the final event. The evidence ranges from subtle physiological signs related to autonomic control, to findings at autopsy of altered neurotransmitter systems, including the serotonergic ...
Csibra Gergely G Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, Budapest 1051 Hungary; email: - - 2014
Human infants are involved in communicative interactions with others well before they start to speak or understand language. It is generally thought that this communication is useful for establishing interpersonal relations and supporting joint activities, but, in the absence of symbolic functions that language provides, these early communicative contexts do ...
Puche-Navarro Rebeca R Institute of Psychology, Universidad del Valle, Center for Research in Psychology, Cognition and Culture, Cali, Colombia, - - 2014
Inductive generalization is the primary way by which human beings arrive at the construction of knowledge. Usually, it is assumed that it operates in a linear manner-each new feature becomes "piled up" in the inductive accumulation of evidence. We question this view, and otherwise claim that inductive generalization is essentially ...
Groh Ashley M AM University of North Carolina at Chapel - - 2014
This study examined the extent to which secure base script knowledge-reflected in the ability to generate narratives in which attachment-relevant events are encountered, a clear need for assistance is communicated, competent help is provided and accepted, and the problem is resolved-is associated with mothers' electrophysiological, subjective, and observed emotional responses ...
Oosterhoff Alberta A Population Research Centre, Department of Demography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Landleven 1, 9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands; Research and Innovation Group in Health Care and Nursing, School of Health, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Eyssoniusplein 18, 9714 CE Groningen, Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the Netherlands, 81% of mothers initiate breastfeeding. After one month the percentage of mothers still breastfeeding drops, despite positive intentions. Little is known about women's perceptions of breastfeeding during the period of intention. This qualitative study aimed to gain insight into these perceptions among first-time mothers from middle and ...
Ter Schure Sophie S Cognitive Science Center Amsterdam, University of - - 2014
Research on the influence of multimodal information on infants' learning is inconclusive. While one line of research finds that multimodal input has a negative effect on learning, another finds positive effects. The present study aims to shed some new light on this discussion by studying the influence of multimodal information ...
Davanzo Riccardo R Department of Perinatal Medicine, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, - - 2014
Determination of the optimal timing of breastfeeding initiation for preterm infants is still a challenge for health professionals. Often unjustified delays and restrictions of breastfeeding occur due to non-evidence-based current opinions about preterm infants' feeding capacity. Semi-demand feeding has been proposed for preterm infants during the transition from scheduled to ...
Imafuku Masahiro M Department of Psychology, Faculty of Letters, Keio University, , 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku Tokyo 108-8345, Japan; Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, - - 2014
Development of a sense of self is a fundamental process needed for human social interaction. Although functional neuroimaging studies have revealed the importance of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in self-referencing, how this function develops in infancy remains poorly understood. To determine the cerebral basis underlying processing of self-related stimuli, we ...
Volling Brenda L - - 2014
Firstborn children's reactions to mother-infant and father-infant interaction after a sibling's birth were examined in an investigation of 224 families. Triadic observations of parent-infant-sibling interaction were conducted at 1 month after the birth. Parents reported on children's problem behaviors at 1 and 4 months after the birth and completed the ...
Howard Lauren H LH University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants' direct interactions with caregivers have been shown to powerfully influence social and cognitive development. In contrast, little is known about the cognitive influence of social contexts beyond the infant's immediate interactions with others, for example, the communities in which infants live. The current study addressed this issue by asking ...
Noori S S 1] Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, University of South California, Los Angeles, CA, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma, OK, - - 2014
Objective:We performed a multicenter study of preterm infants, who were about to undergo patent ductus arteriosus ligation, to determine whether echocardiographic indices of impaired myocardial performance were associated with subsequent development of catecholamine-resistant hypotension following ligation.Study Design:A standardized treatment approach for hypotension was followed at each center. Infants were considered ...
Anvari Zohreh Z UPR2147, CNRS, Paris, France; Centre for Social Study and Research, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran; UMR 7194, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, - - 2014
In the field of biomechanics of quadrupedal locomotion in primates, infant-carrying has received little attention. This study presents the first biomechanical study of infant-carrying in captive female olive baboons (Papio anubis). We test whether females carrying infants conform 1) to the Support Polygon Model (Rollinson and Martin: Symp Zool Soc ...
Milner Antonia A Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, UK, - - 2014
Our aim was to determine whether neonatal trainees found respiratory function monitoring (RFM) helpful during the resuscitation of prematurely born infants, what decisions they made on the basis of RFM and whether those decisions were evidence based. Fifty one trainees completed an electronic questionnaire. Eighty-three percent found the tidal volume ...
Mendez-Figueroa Hector H Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas; and the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women and Infants' Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode - - 2014
To describe the perinatal and infant and early childhood morbidity associated with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) in a cohort of twin pregnancies evaluated prospectively with neonatal follow-up to 2 years of age. This was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of magnesium sulfate for prevention of ...
Zomer-Kooijker Kim K Dept of Paediatric Pulmonology and Allergology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
It is unknown why respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes mild disease in some children and severe disease, requiring hospitalisation, in others. We aimed to assess whether diminished premorbid lung function in healthy term infants predisposes to hospitalisation during RSV bronchiolitis, and to post-RSV wheeze. In a prospective birth cohort study ...
Pushpa-Rajah Angela - - 2014
Preterm birth is the most important single determinant of adverse outcome in the United Kingdom; one in every 70 babies (1.4%) is born before 32 weeks (very preterm), yet these births account for over half of infant deaths.Deferring cord clamping allows blood flow between baby and placenta to continue for ...
Hough Judith L JL Critical Care of the Newborn Program, Mater Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Physiotherapy, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Paediatric Critical Care Research Group, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Mater Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Although suctioning is a standard airway maintenance procedure, there are significant associated risks, such as loss of lung volume due to high negative suction pressures. This study aims to assess the extent and duration of change in end-expiratory level (EEL) resulting from endotracheal tube (ETT) suction and to examine the ...
Lu Wen-Hsien WH 1Department of Pediatrics,Kaohsiung Veterans General - - 2014
It is controversial to observe or close symptomatic congenital coronary artery fistula in infants. We herein describe a medium-sized symptomatic congenital coronary artery fistula that underwent rapid spontaneous closure in an infant aged <3 months.
Jordan Geraldine J GJ Health Geography Lab, Geography and Environmental Studies, Trinity Western University, 7600 Glover Road, Langley, BC V2Y 1Y1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Colic is generally defined as excessive crying in early infancy and can have negative consequences on the infant as well as on the infant's family life. Excessive crying can result in escalating parental stress levels, abusive caregiver response, increased risk of shaken baby syndrome and parental postpartum depression. In addition ...
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