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Results 401 - 450 of 670
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Barrett Jennifer - - 2011
We examined how individual differences in mood and anxiety in the early postpartum period are related to brain response to infant stimuli during fMRI, with particular focus on regions implicated in both maternal behavior and mood/anxiety, that is, the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) and the amygdala. At approximately 3 ...
Kiel Elizabeth J - - 2011
This study sought to extend extant research on the association between borderline personality (BP) pathology and at-risk parenting by examining the dynamic nature of parenting in response to infant distress in mothers with and without clinically relevant levels of BP pathology. Findings revealed that mothers with clinically relevant levels of ...
Guiraud Jeanne A - - 2011
It has been suggested that poor habituation to stimuli might explain atypical sensory behaviours in autism. We investigated habituation to repeated sounds using an oddball paradigm in 9-month-old infants with an older sibling with autism and hence at high risk for developing autism. Auditory-evoked responses to repeated sounds in control ...
Nieves Delma J - - 2011
We report clinical characteristics and outcome of infants <3 months of age hospitalized with pertussis compared with viral respiratory infection (respiratory syncytial virus and influenza). Patients with pertussis more often were afebrile, had more visits before admission, and had longer hospital stays. Household coughing contacts were common.
Olson Janet - - 2011
ABSTRACTMothers' verbal responses to their infants' spontaneous imitations of familiar and non-familiar words during naturally occurring interactions were examined in a longitudinal sample observed at 1 ; 1, 1 ; 5 and 1 ; 9. Maternal responses to both familiar and non-familiar imitations exhibited structural characteristics likely to be facilitative ...
Van Leeuwen Janneke C - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rhinovirus (RV) are predominant viruses associated with lower respiratory tract infection in infants. We compared the symptoms of lower respiratory tract infection caused by RSV and RV in hospitalized infants. RV showed the same symptoms as RSV, so on clinical grounds, no difference can be ...
Coenraad Saskia - - 2011
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Analysis of auditory brainstem response (ABR) in very preterm infants can be difficult owing to the poor detectability of the various components of the ABR. We evaluated the ABR morphology and tried to extend the current assessment system. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: We included 28 preterm very ...
Feeney Audrey - - 2011
Up to 80% of infants infected with Cronobacter sakazakii die within days of birth, making this emerging gastrointestinal pathogen a serious cause for concern. The mode of transmission most often associated with C. sakazakii infection is powdered infant formula (PIF), which typically has a water activity (aw) of ca 0.2 ...
Sundborn Gerhard - - 2011
To report the combined and ethnic specific proportions of preterm and low birth weight (LBW) births, and average birth weights, for New Zealand's four major Pacific ethnic groups (Samoan, Tongan, Cook Island Māori, Niuean). Data were gathered from the Pacific Island Families Study (PIFS). Mothers of a cohort of 1398 ...
Lista G - - 2011
Hypothermia is used for its neuroprotective effect in perinatal asphyxia. Mechanical ventilation is often used as a supportive therapy for severe asphyxiated infants who can present various degrees of respiratory failure. Animal studies demonstrated a protective effect of cooling on the lungs due to reduced ventilatory requirements. Even if actual ...
Pearson R M RM School of Social & Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Clifton, Bristol BS8 2BN, United Kingdom. - - 2011
An infant's early environment has an important influence on their development. For example, the sensitivity and warmth of a mother's responses towards her infant is associated with the infant's later socio-emotional development. However, it is less clear whether maternal responses are associated with the infant's later cognitive development. We used ...
Nasrullah Muazzam - - 2011
The presence of tuberculosis (TB) in patients with silicosis increases mortality risk. To characterize silicosis-respiratory TB comortality in the United States, the authors used 1968-2006 National Center for Health Statistics multiple cause-of-death data for decedents aged ≥25 years. The authors calculated proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) using available information on decedents' ...
Robb Michael P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the temporal features of pain-elicited crying demonstrated by healthy full term infants to estimate (1) the respiratory rate during cry and (2) the inspiratory and expiratory phase composition of the cry respiratory cycle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The pain-elicited cries of ...
Somri Mostafa - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to compare the occurrences of postoperative cardio-respiratory adverse events during an 8-day follow-up period in the neonatal intensive care unit in small infants who underwent elective gastrointestinal surgery under general and combined spinal epidural anesthesia. METHODS: Fifty infants who underwent elective primary gastrointestinal surgery were ...
Hatfield Linda A - - 2011
Infants' inability to articulate their pain and distress and the diverse range of behavioral responses evoked by painful stimuli may partially explain the challenges associated with the treatment of pain in neonates and infants. To assist nurses in distinguishing nonspecific distress responses from specific pain responses, a concept analysis using ...
Niedzielski Jerzy - - 2011
Abdominal ultrasonography has replaced barium studies in establishing the diagnosis in difficult cases of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). The aim of this retrospective study was to establish sonographic criteria of qualification for surgical treatment in children with IHPS. Hundred and fifteen infants (98 boys and 17 girls) with suspected ...
Yahalom Barak - - 2011
Previous studies in infant rats and case-control studies of human infants undergoing surgery have raised concerns about potential neurodevelopmental toxicities of general anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia is an alternative to general anesthesia for some infant surgeries. To test for potential toxicity, a spinal anesthesia model in infant rats was developed. Rats ...
Watanabe Hama - - 2011
In an infant's developing cortex, the explanation for the mechanisms underlying the activations and deactivations in response to visual stimuli remains controversial. While previous near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies in awake infants have demonstrated cortical activations in response to meaningful/attractive visual stimuli, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies performed on sleeping ...
Howarth Anne - - 2011
Birth satisfaction has been found to enhance a mother's capacity to develop a sense of maternal identity. This study used a phenomenological form of thematic analysis to gain in-depth insights into the birth experiences of first-time New Zealand mothers. Taking personal responsibility (the choices participants made in relation to being ...
Min Shaoxiong - - 2011
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is an uncommon cause of cord compression in children, especially in infants. An 8-month-old infant was admitted to our hospital for a 40-day history of paraparesis in the lower extremities. This rapidly progressed to paraparesis with an inability to move the lower extremities. MRI of the ...
Catling-Paull Christine - - 2011
catling-paull c., johnston r., ryan c., foureur m.j. & homer c.s.e. (2011) Non-clinical interventions that increase the uptake and success of vaginal birth after caesarean section: a systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05662.x ABSTRACT: Aim.  The aim of this study was to review non-clinical interventions that increase the uptake ...
McNeil Shelly A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal hospitalization for a respiratory-related condition during influenza season results in an increased risk of neonatal morbidity. With the use of a 13-year population-based cohort study of all singleton live births in Nova Scotia (1990-2002), neonatal outcomes were compared between women ...
Catling-Paull Christine - - 2011
catling-paull c., johnston r., ryan c., foureur m. j. & homer c. s. e. (2011) Clinical interventions that increase the uptake and success of vaginal birth after caesarean section: a systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing. ABSTRACT: Aim.  The aim of this study was to review clinical interventions that increase the ...
Abenhaim Haim A - - 2011
To examine the effect of a prior cesarean delivery on neonatal outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on all women with a prior livebirth who delivered at the Royal Victoria Hospital between 2001 and 2006. We defined our exposure as a positive history for cesarean delivery and used unconditional ...
Yates Hl - - 2011
Postnatal steroids have been widely used to facilitate the extubation of ventilator-dependent preterm infants. Reports published in the late 1990s and early 2000s raised concerns about their long-term impact on neurodevelopmental outcomes. Since then, postnatal steroid use has declined sharply, but they continue to be regarded by many clinicians as ...
Al-Tamimi Y - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is no information about the distribution of pethidine into breast milk and/or exposure of the breastfed infant during pethidine patient-controlled epidural analgesia after caesarean delivery. METHODS: We conducted an observational study among 20 women. The mean (95% confidence interval) pethidine dose administered was 670 (346-818) mg over 41 ...
Gasim Turki - - 2011
To evaluate the complications of pregnancy and perinatal outcome in women with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). A retrospective analysis of 38 singleton pregnancies, their course, obstetric management and perinatal outcome of 32 patients with known ITP was undertaken. No major antenatal complications were noted among the patients. There were no ...
Sury Michael R J - - 2011
Objectives:  A descriptive tool or validated scale of consciousness is desirable in infants to test the value of any depth of anesthesia monitor. Methods:  We have reviewed published descriptions and scales of observed behavior that may be applicable to the study of infants during the transition from anesthesia to wakefulness. ...
Bould Matthew D - - 2011
Background:  A descriptive tool for determining awakening in infants is desirable to test the value of depth of anesthesia monitors. Although scales and criteria have been developed for children and infants, none has been applied to the study of anesthetised neonates. We aimed to seek consensus in a group of ...
Catherine Nicole L A - - 2011
This study aimed to examine child characteristics associated with the understanding of and responses to infant crying. Seven hundred and twenty-four 1st to 7th grade children (383 boys, 341 girls) were shown a picture depicting a crying infant, whereupon they were asked to generate the potential causes for infant crying ...
Tovar-Spinoza Zulma - - 2011
Spinal epidural abscess constitutes a neurosurgical emergency in which early diagnosis and prompt decompression are necessary to avoid permanent cord damage. This entity is rare in premature infants and neonates in whom diagnosis can be challenging. The authors present a case of a premature twin neonate who developed an epidural ...
Rizzo Annalisa - - 2011
In infants delivered by cesarian section, the immune system could be influenced by anesthetic drugs that may cross the placenta and reach the fetal circulation. Factors that determine placental transfer of anesthetics and their distribution into and ultimate removal from fetal tissue include physiochemical properties of the compound; the anatomic ...
Cadigan Beth A - - 2011
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2011; 18:215-218 © 2011 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine ABSTRACT: Objectives:  Hypoxia has been observed when infants undergo lumbar puncture in a tight flexed lateral recumbent position. This study used sonographic measurements of lumbar interspinous spaces to investigate the anatomic necessity and advantage derived from ...
Mahmoud Ramadan A - - 2011
Non-invasive ventilatory support can reduce the adverse effects associated with intubation and mechanical ventilation, such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, and trauma to the upper airways. In the last 4 decades, nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been used to wean preterm infants off mechanical ventilation and, more recently, as ...
Reigstad I - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of elective caesarean section (CS) before term and early enteral nutrition on length of parenteral nutrition and hospital stay in infants with gastroschisis. Retrospective review of all infants with gastroschisis treated in a regional level III hospital from 1993 to 2008. During 1993-97, there was no ...
Okumus Nurullah - - 2011
To investigate the effects of delivery route and maternal anesthesia type and the roles of vasoactive hormones on early postnatal weight loss in term newborns. Ninety-four term infants delivered vaginally (group 1, n=31), cesarean section (C/S) with general anesthesia (GA) (group 2, n=29), and C/S with epidural anesthesia (EA) (group ...
Porzionato Andrea - - 2011
The sacral hiatus is used for access to the spinal canal in many neurosurgical and anesthesiologic procedures. The aim of the present paper is to give a review of its anatomical characteristics relevant to permit correct and uncomplicated accesses. The sacral hiatus is posteriorly closed by the superficial dorsal sacrococcygeal ...
Agha Beesan Shalabi - - 2011
We describe the clinical presentation, radiographic findings, management, and outcome of nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma in a 10-month-old male infant with severe hemophilia (<1% activity). This patient presented with torticollis, and the differential diagnosis included intramuscular hemorrhage, retropharyngeal abscess, muscle spasm, and epidural hematoma. A computed tomography scan revealed extensive ...
Khoza-Shangase Katijah - - 2011
The main aim was to establish if epidural anesthesia had an influence on new-born hearing screening results in newborns born via elective Cesarean section in healthy pregnancies. Specific objectives included determining screening results in a group of newborns born to mothers who had undergone epidural anesthesia during Cesarean section childbirth ...
Geangu Elena - - 2011
It has been suggested that infants resonate emotionally to others' positive and negative affect displays, and that these responses become stronger towards emotions with negative valence around the age of 12-months. In this study we measured 6- and 12-month-old infants' changes in pupil diameter when presented with the image and ...
Kobayashi Megumi - - 2011
Recent adult functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies reported that face-sensitive cortical areas showed attenuated responses to the repeated presentation of an identical facial image compared to the presentation of different facial images (fMRI-adaptation effects: e.g., Andrews and Ewbank, 2004). Building upon this finding, the current study, employing the adaptation ...
Telkemeyer Silke - - 2011
Speech perception requires rapid extraction of the linguistic content from the acoustic signal. The ability to efficiently process rapid changes in auditory information is important for decoding speech and thereby crucial during language acquisition. Investigating functional networks of speech perception in infancy might elucidate neuronal ensembles supporting perceptual abilities that ...
Landi Nicole N Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine New Haven, CT, - - 2011
Substance abuse in pregnant and recently post-partum women is a major public health concern because of effects on the infant and on the ability of the adult to care for the infant. In addition to the negative health effects of teratogenic substances on fetal development, substance use can contribute to ...
Polaner David M - - 2010
The use of regional anesthetics, whether as adjuncts, primary anesthetics or postoperative analgesia, is increasingly common in pediatric practice. Data on safety remain limited because of the paucity of very large-scale prospective studies that are necessary to detect low incidence events, although several studies either have been published or have ...
Lundblad Märit - - 2011
The aim of this prospective, age-stratified, observational study was to determine the cranial extent of spread of a large volume (1.5 ml·kg(-1) , ropivacaine 0.2%), single-shot caudal epidural injection using real-time ultrasonography. Fifty ASA I-III children were included in the study, stratified in three age groups; neonates, infants (1-12 months), ...
Meier Petra M - - 2011
Minimally invasive endoscopic strip craniectomy (ESC) is a relatively new surgical technique for treating craniosynostosis in early infancy. In this study we reviewed our anesthesia experience with ESC. The hypothesis was that infants with low body weight and syndromes would have a higher risk of perioperative blood transfusion and that ...
Keirse Marc J N C - - 2010
Home birth has attracted a great deal of attention of late, culminating in a meta-analysis to assess its risks for mother and baby. Mothers were estimated to be 2.6 times more likely to die and babies 3 times more likely to die from a planned home birth than from a ...
Chawanpaiboon Saifon - - 2010
To present the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in threatened preterm, preterm, and term labor and results after treatment. Forty-four, 50, and 56 pregnant women with threatened preterm, preterm, and term labor respectively were participated. Bacterial vaginosis was diagnosed by Amsel's criteria. Treatment by metronidazole or clindamycin was used. A case ...
Ben Hamida Nouaili Emira - - 2010
Background : Incidence of elective caesareans at term is increasing these last decades with an associated increase of neonatal respiratory morbidity. Aim: To analyse the influence of elective Caesarean delivery at term on the incidence of neonatal respiratory distress in order to propose an effective strategy of prevention. Methods: It ...
Willschke Harald - - 2011
To retrospectively describe the performance of ultrasound guided thoracic epidural anaesthesia under sedation for anaesthesia management of open pyloromyotomy. Anaesthesia management for hypertrophic pylorus stenosis (HPS) is usually performed under general anaesthesia with tracheal intubation. Only a few publications describe avoidance of tracheal intubation in infants by using spinal or ...
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