Search Results
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Ter Horst Hendrik J HJ Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. h.j.ter.horst @ - - 2012
Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia occurs frequently in preterm infants and may result in bilirubin encephalopathy. Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is used to evaluate brain function in newborns. To investigate the influence of total serum bilirubin (TSB) on the aEEG amplitude of preterm infants and to evaluate aEEG as a noninvasive method to identify ...
Lasky Robert E RE Center for Clinical Research and Evidence-Based Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2012
This study was a two-center, stratified, parallel-group randomized trial comparing the effects of aggressive vs. conservative phototherapy on brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) latencies in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW, ≤ 1,000 g). BAER latencies of 751-1,000 g birth-weight infants were shorter by 0.37 ms (95% confidence interval ...
Goetghebuer Tessa - - 2011
The clinical benefit of antiretroviral therapy in infants is established. In this cohort collaboration, we compare immunological and virological response to treatment started before or after 3 months of age. Early initiation provides a better short-term response, although evolution after 12 months of age is similar in both groups.
Ersdal Hege Langli - - 2011
AIM OF THE STUDY: Early initiation of basic resuscitation interventions within 60seconds in apneic newborn infants is thought to be essential in preventing progression to circulatory collapse based on experimental cardio- respiratory responses to asphyxia. The objectives were to describe normal transitional respiratory adaption at birth and to assess the ...
Key Alexandra P F - - 2012
The study investigated whether infant siblings of children with autism (sibs-ASD) process familiar and novel faces differently from typical infants and whether sensitivity to face familiarity is associated with infants' social and communicative behaviors. Visual event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in 35 infants, age 9 months±15 days (20 typical infants, ...
Niwa Fusako - - 2011
Background:  For preterm infants, transient hypothyroxinemia of prematurity (THOP) and transient primary hypothyroidism, especially with delayed elevation of serum thyrotropin (TSH), are important. Methods:  In order to address the above two issues, we performed thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation tests at about 2 weeks of age for 31 preterm infants with ...
Piastra Marco - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe a series of ex-preterm infants admitted to pediatric intensive care unit due to impending hypoxaemic respiratory failure complicated by pulmonary hypertension (PH) who were treated electively combining noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and nebulized iloprost (nebILO). DESIGN: Open uncontrolled observational study. SETTING: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital. PATIENTS: ...
Oakes Lisa M - - 2013
We used eye-tracking to examine 4.5- to 12.5-month-old infants' (N = 92) eye-movements during 3-s presentations of upright and inverted faces. Scanning of inverted faces was statistically indistinguishable at 4.5, 6.5, 8, and 12.5 months of age; at each of these ages infants disproportionately scanned the region containing the eyes. ...
Weisman Omri - - 2011
Periods of bond formation are associated with evolutionary-adaptive reorganization of physiological and behavioral responses and increased attention to attachment-related cues. We measured event-related potential responses to infant stimuli among new parents, new lovers, and romantically unattached singles (N=65). For parents, infant stimuli included own and unfamiliar infant. Viewing unfamiliar infants, ...
Gudsnuk Kathryn M A - - 2011
Early-life adversity can affect brain development and behavior. Emerging evidence from studies on both humans and rodents suggests that epigenetic mechanisms may play a critical role in shaping our biology in response to the quality of the environment. This article highlights the research findings suggesting that prenatal maternal stress, postnatal ...
Towe-Goodman Nissa R NR Center for Developmental Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2012
Drawing on emotional security theory, this study examined linkages between interparental aggression, infant self-regulatory behaviors, and patterns of physiological and behavioral stress responses in a diverse sample of 735 infants residing in predominately low-income, non-metropolitan communities. Latent profile analysis revealed four classes of adrenocortical and behavioral stress-response patterns at 7 ...
Noland Julia S - - 2012
Current interpretation of the object retrieval task ( Diamond, 1990 ) as an infant assessment of response inhibition requires evidence that younger infants make more ineffective attempts to retrieve toys through clear barriers. On two 30-second trials, infants (9 or 11 months of age) saw an inaccessible toy in the ...
Judd Ali A Clinical Trials Unit, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6NH, UK. - - 2011
To investigate virological and immunological response to antiretroviral therapy (ART), and predictors of switching and interrupting treatment among infants starting ART across Europe. Cohort study. Nine cohorts from 13 European countries contributed data on HIV-infected infants born 1996-2008 and starting ART before age 12 months. Logistic and linear regression, and ...
Jung Woo Jin - - 2012
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER), particularly non-acid reflux, is common in infants and is a known cause of chronic respiratory symptoms in infancy. Recent guidelines recommended empirical acid suppression therapy and the head-up position in patients with suspected GER. However, the efficacy of the upright position in relieving GER and reflux-related respiratory ...
Evans Tracey - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the predictor variables of experiential avoidance, relationship satisfaction, prenatal expectations (compared to postnatal experience) and postpartum support, and the criterion variables of maternal attachment, maternal psychological symptoms and maternal responsiveness, after controlling for birth weight. DESIGN: A quantitative survey study. METHOD: The participants were ...
Gunenc Ferim - - 2011
To review clinical experience of anesthesia management using laryngeal mask airway (LMA) during retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) photocoagulation. After obtaining the ethical approval from the Ethics Committee, we retrospectively reviewed the anesthesia records of 85 infants who underwent laser photocoagulation for ROP between June 2004 and June 2010 at the ...
Ganguli Kriston - - 2011
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a common gastrointestinal inflammatory necrosis affecting almost exclusively premature infants usually after oral nutrition has been started, for example, 10 day plus postpartum. Although the pathogenesis is incompletely understood, major risk factors include prematurity and incomplete bacterial colonization. Evidence has been shown that the premature infant ...
Brandon Debra H DH Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2011
To compare the emotional responses of mothers of late-preterm infants (34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation) with those of mothers of full-term infants. A mixed method comparative study. A southeastern tertiary academic medical center postpartum unit. Sixty mothers: 29 mothers of late-preterm infants and 31 mothers of full-term infants. ...
Strathearn L L Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2011
Maternal neglect, including physical and emotional neglect, is a pervasive public health challenge with serious long-term effects on child health and development. I provide an overview of the neurobiological basis of maternal caregiving, aiming to better understand how to prevent and respond to maternal neglect. Drawing from both animal and ...
Stewart Fiona Anne - - 2011
Chimpanzee responses to the death of a group member have rarely been observed in the wild and most instances involve infant deaths. One of the very few detailed accounts of a group's response to the death of an adult community member is from Gombe National Park, Tanzania, where Teleki [Folia ...
Raux O - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st>Volume expansion (VE) in neonates or infants during volatile anaesthesia may lead to fluid overload if inappropriate. Transoesophageal Doppler (TED), a non-invasive cardiac output monitoring technique, can provide a comprehensive estimation of the volaemic status. We evaluated whether intraoperative TED-derived parameters can predict volume responsiveness. METHODS: /st>Neonates and infants ...
Mize Krystal D - - 2011
Previous research has found that infants respond with more negative/protest as well as approach-type behaviors in response to the loss of maternal attention to a social-rival as compared to a non-social item. The purpose of the current research was to conceptually replicate the maternal inattention research with a different population ...
Porto Maria Angélica de Almeida - - 2011
Accurate information about type, degree, and configuration of hearing loss are necessary for successful audiological early interventions. Auditory brainstem response with tone burst stimuli (TB ABR) and auditory steady-state response (ASSR) exams provide this information. To analyze the clinical applicability of TB ABR and ASSR at 2 kHz in infants, ...
Fawcett Jacqueline - - 2011
The purpose of this Roy adaptation model-based multi-site international mixed method study was to examine the relations of type of caesarean birth (unplanned/planned), number of caesarean births (primary/repeat), and preparation for caesarean birth to women's perceptions of and responses to caesarean birth. The sample included 488 women from the United ...
Reynolds Melanie - - 2011
This paper aims to highlight some working class women's childcare practices in northern industrial areas of Britain during the latter half of the 19th century. It aims to challenge the commonly held belief that 19th century northern working-class factory mothers were irresponsive and neglectful toward their infants, thereby fuelling the ...
van Anders Sari M - - 2011
Testosterone (T) is generally theorized within a trade-off framework that contrasts parenting and low T with competitive challenges and high T. Paradoxically, baby cues increase T, prompting questions of whether T or its behavioral expression has been mischaracterized. We tested 55 men using a novel interactive infant doll paradigm, and ...
Barrett Jennifer - - 2011
We examined how individual differences in mood and anxiety in the early postpartum period are related to brain response to infant stimuli during fMRI, with particular focus on regions implicated in both maternal behavior and mood/anxiety, that is, the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) and the amygdala. At approximately 3 ...
Kiel Elizabeth J - - 2011
This study sought to extend extant research on the association between borderline personality (BP) pathology and at-risk parenting by examining the dynamic nature of parenting in response to infant distress in mothers with and without clinically relevant levels of BP pathology. Findings revealed that mothers with clinically relevant levels of ...
Guiraud Jeanne A - - 2011
It has been suggested that poor habituation to stimuli might explain atypical sensory behaviours in autism. We investigated habituation to repeated sounds using an oddball paradigm in 9-month-old infants with an older sibling with autism and hence at high risk for developing autism. Auditory-evoked responses to repeated sounds in control ...
Nieves Delma J - - 2011
We report clinical characteristics and outcome of infants <3 months of age hospitalized with pertussis compared with viral respiratory infection (respiratory syncytial virus and influenza). Patients with pertussis more often were afebrile, had more visits before admission, and had longer hospital stays. Household coughing contacts were common.
Olson Janet - - 2011
ABSTRACTMothers' verbal responses to their infants' spontaneous imitations of familiar and non-familiar words during naturally occurring interactions were examined in a longitudinal sample observed at 1 ; 1, 1 ; 5 and 1 ; 9. Maternal responses to both familiar and non-familiar imitations exhibited structural characteristics likely to be facilitative ...
Van Leeuwen Janneke C - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rhinovirus (RV) are predominant viruses associated with lower respiratory tract infection in infants. We compared the symptoms of lower respiratory tract infection caused by RSV and RV in hospitalized infants. RV showed the same symptoms as RSV, so on clinical grounds, no difference can be ...
Coenraad Saskia - - 2011
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Analysis of auditory brainstem response (ABR) in very preterm infants can be difficult owing to the poor detectability of the various components of the ABR. We evaluated the ABR morphology and tried to extend the current assessment system. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: We included 28 preterm very ...
Feeney Audrey - - 2011
Up to 80% of infants infected with Cronobacter sakazakii die within days of birth, making this emerging gastrointestinal pathogen a serious cause for concern. The mode of transmission most often associated with C. sakazakii infection is powdered infant formula (PIF), which typically has a water activity (aw) of ca 0.2 ...
Sundborn Gerhard - - 2011
To report the combined and ethnic specific proportions of preterm and low birth weight (LBW) births, and average birth weights, for New Zealand's four major Pacific ethnic groups (Samoan, Tongan, Cook Island Māori, Niuean). Data were gathered from the Pacific Island Families Study (PIFS). Mothers of a cohort of 1398 ...
Lista G - - 2011
Hypothermia is used for its neuroprotective effect in perinatal asphyxia. Mechanical ventilation is often used as a supportive therapy for severe asphyxiated infants who can present various degrees of respiratory failure. Animal studies demonstrated a protective effect of cooling on the lungs due to reduced ventilatory requirements. Even if actual ...
Pearson R M RM School of Social & Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Clifton, Bristol BS8 2BN, United Kingdom. - - 2011
An infant's early environment has an important influence on their development. For example, the sensitivity and warmth of a mother's responses towards her infant is associated with the infant's later socio-emotional development. However, it is less clear whether maternal responses are associated with the infant's later cognitive development. We used ...
Nasrullah Muazzam - - 2011
The presence of tuberculosis (TB) in patients with silicosis increases mortality risk. To characterize silicosis-respiratory TB comortality in the United States, the authors used 1968-2006 National Center for Health Statistics multiple cause-of-death data for decedents aged ≥25 years. The authors calculated proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) using available information on decedents' ...
Robb Michael P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the temporal features of pain-elicited crying demonstrated by healthy full term infants to estimate (1) the respiratory rate during cry and (2) the inspiratory and expiratory phase composition of the cry respiratory cycle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The pain-elicited cries of ...
Somri Mostafa - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to compare the occurrences of postoperative cardio-respiratory adverse events during an 8-day follow-up period in the neonatal intensive care unit in small infants who underwent elective gastrointestinal surgery under general and combined spinal epidural anesthesia. METHODS: Fifty infants who underwent elective primary gastrointestinal surgery were ...
Hatfield Linda A - - 2011
Infants' inability to articulate their pain and distress and the diverse range of behavioral responses evoked by painful stimuli may partially explain the challenges associated with the treatment of pain in neonates and infants. To assist nurses in distinguishing nonspecific distress responses from specific pain responses, a concept analysis using ...
Niedzielski Jerzy - - 2011
Abdominal ultrasonography has replaced barium studies in establishing the diagnosis in difficult cases of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). The aim of this retrospective study was to establish sonographic criteria of qualification for surgical treatment in children with IHPS. Hundred and fifteen infants (98 boys and 17 girls) with suspected ...
Yahalom Barak - - 2011
Previous studies in infant rats and case-control studies of human infants undergoing surgery have raised concerns about potential neurodevelopmental toxicities of general anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia is an alternative to general anesthesia for some infant surgeries. To test for potential toxicity, a spinal anesthesia model in infant rats was developed. Rats ...
Watanabe Hama - - 2011
In an infant's developing cortex, the explanation for the mechanisms underlying the activations and deactivations in response to visual stimuli remains controversial. While previous near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies in awake infants have demonstrated cortical activations in response to meaningful/attractive visual stimuli, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies performed on sleeping ...
Howarth Anne - - 2011
Birth satisfaction has been found to enhance a mother's capacity to develop a sense of maternal identity. This study used a phenomenological form of thematic analysis to gain in-depth insights into the birth experiences of first-time New Zealand mothers. Taking personal responsibility (the choices participants made in relation to being ...
Min Shaoxiong - - 2011
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is an uncommon cause of cord compression in children, especially in infants. An 8-month-old infant was admitted to our hospital for a 40-day history of paraparesis in the lower extremities. This rapidly progressed to paraparesis with an inability to move the lower extremities. MRI of the ...
Catling-Paull Christine - - 2011
catling-paull c., johnston r., ryan c., foureur m.j. & homer c.s.e. (2011) Non-clinical interventions that increase the uptake and success of vaginal birth after caesarean section: a systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05662.x ABSTRACT: Aim.  The aim of this study was to review non-clinical interventions that increase the uptake ...
McNeil Shelly A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal hospitalization for a respiratory-related condition during influenza season results in an increased risk of neonatal morbidity. With the use of a 13-year population-based cohort study of all singleton live births in Nova Scotia (1990-2002), neonatal outcomes were compared between women ...
Catling-Paull Christine - - 2011
catling-paull c., johnston r., ryan c., foureur m. j. & homer c. s. e. (2011) Clinical interventions that increase the uptake and success of vaginal birth after caesarean section: a systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing. ABSTRACT: Aim.  The aim of this study was to review clinical interventions that increase the ...
Abenhaim Haim A - - 2011
To examine the effect of a prior cesarean delivery on neonatal outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on all women with a prior livebirth who delivered at the Royal Victoria Hospital between 2001 and 2006. We defined our exposure as a positive history for cesarean delivery and used unconditional ...
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