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Results 301 - 350 of 624
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Bhat Y R - - 2012
Better understanding of the clinical characteristics of ABO haemolytic disease in neonates helps optimise care. To assess the morbidity associated with maternal-neonatal ABO incompatibility. Neonates with blood groups A or B born to mothers with blood group O with simultaneous rhesus blood factor compatibility were studied prospectively. Maternal and neonatal ...
Prashanth Gowda Parameshwar - - 2012
Elective high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in preterm infants is known to be as effective as conventional ventilation in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia without the risk of increased mortality or brain damage. To document the feasibility and safety of early use of HFOV in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome ...
Bahman Bijari Bahare - - 2012
Objective. Touch is one of the first strong positive senses that develop in neonate. Therapeutic touch could be considered as a complementary treatment in Neonate intensive care units (NICU). Methods. This quasi-experimental study was conducted to compare the effect of Yakson and GHT on behavioral reaction of preterm infants hospitalized ...
Rythén Marianne - - 2012
Preterm birth is associated with medical complications and treatments postnatally and disturbances in growth and development. Primary and permanent teeth develop during this postnatal period. The overall aim of the present thesis was to elucidate the effects of preterm birth and postnatal complications on oral health and the dentoalveolar development ...
Sadoh W E - - 2012
In caucasian newborns, troponin T (cTnT) is a specific marker for myocardial injury in perinatal asphyxia. This is the first such study in negroid neonates. To evaluate myocardial injury in a group of asphyxiated African newborns and determine the influence of mode of delivery on cTnT levels. Serum cTnT and ...
Yoffe Stuart J - - 2012
This study was conducted to determine if a parent-oriented educational intervention reduces the use of emergency department (ED) services for the care of infants. Compared with parents in the control group, parents receiving a specific educational intervention booklet showed significantly lower use of ED services for care of their infants.
Barlow Steven M - - 2012
The nonnutritive suck (NNS) is an observable and accessible motor behavior which is often used to make inference about brain development and pre-feeding skill in preterm and term infants. The purpose of this study was to model NNS burst compression pressure dynamics in the frequency and time domain among two ...
Heidari Haydeh - - 2012
To explore experiences of Iranian parents with a hospitalized premature infant in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and examine socio-cultural factors associated with having a less than perfect infant. Purposely selected 21 participants in this study were 6 fathers, 7 mothers, 5 nurses and 3 physicians specialized in neonatology. Semi-structured ...
Basu Sriparna - - 2012
Diagnosis of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) is often difficult because of vague clinical signs and non-specific laboratory parameters. To assess the statistical validity of thymic size estimation as a diagnostic marker of EONS compared with cord blood interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations. Thirty-two neonates delivered in hospital and admitted to the neonatal ...
Cimenti Christina - - 2012
Abstract Background: To determine the predictive value of the immature granulocyte count and the immature myeloid information in neonatal early onset sepsis we examined 133 blood samples of patients admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit. Methods: Measurements were performed using the Sysmex XE-2100, an automated hematological analyzer. Patients were ...
Stets Manuela - - 2012
In this meta-analysis, we examined interrelationships between characteristics of infant event-related potential (ERP) studies and their attrition rates. One-hundred and forty-nine published studies provided information on 314 experimental groups of which 181 provided data on attrition. A random effects meta-analysis revealed a high average attrition rate of 49.2%. Additionally, we ...
Abdelghaffar Shereen - - 2012
Preterm neonates comprise the most heavily transfused group of patients, and about 85% of extremely low birth weight newborns receive a transfusion by the end of their hospital stay. The aim of this study was to assess the possible metabolic effects of RBC transfusion on preterm infants, especially during the ...
Feghhi Mostafa - - 2012
The aim of this study was to report the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the contribution of various risk factors to ROP in the south-western region of Iran. This cross-sectional case-control series reviewed all low birth weight (LBW, ≤2000 g) neonates and/or neonates less than 32 weeks gestational ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2012
The aim of this individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis is to assess whether the effects of repeat prenatal corticosteroid treatment given to women at risk of preterm birth to benefit their babies are modified in a clinically meaningful way by factors related to the women or the trial protocol. The ...
Palmer D J - - 2012
To determine whether dietary n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation of pregnant women with a fetus at high risk of allergic disease reduces immunoglobulin E associated eczema or food allergy at 1 year of age. Follow-up of infants at high hereditary risk of allergic disease in the Docosahexaenoic ...
Floros Joanna - - 2012
The genetic contribution to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in prematurely born infants is substantial, but information related to the specific genes involved is lacking. Genotype analysis revealed, after multiple comparisons correction, two significant single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), rs3771150 (IL-18RAP) and rs3771171 (IL-18R1), in African Americans (AAs) with BPD (vs. ...
Mazeiras Gaël - - 2012
Bilirubin-related neurotoxicity is an important clinical issue in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, and the existing literature is inconsistent. To analyze the relationship between maximal serum unconjugated bilirubin levels (SBL) and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2-year corrected age in VLBW infants. Phototherapy was initiated in all infants born before 33 weeks ...
Chapman Donna J - - 2012
The gap between current breastfeeding practices and the Healthy People 2020 breastfeeding goals is widest for black women compared with all other ethnic groups. Also of concern, Hispanic and black women have the highest rates of formula supplementation of breast-fed infants before 2 d of life. These disparities must be ...
Schmalisch Gerd - - 2012
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (< 1,500 g) with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) develop lung damage caused by mechanical ventilation and maturational arrest. We compared functional lung development after discharge from hospital between VLBW infants with and without BPD. Comprehensive lung function assessment was performed at about 50, 70, and ...
Bhandari Nita - - 2012
To evaluate the Indian Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) programme, which integrates improved treatment of illness for children with home visits for newborn care, to inform its scale-up. Cluster randomised trial. 18 clusters (population 1.1 million) in Haryana, India. 29,667 births in intervention clusters and 30,813 in ...
Campbell Suzann K - - 2012
Preterm infants with periventricular brain injury (PBI) have a high incidence of atypical development and leg movements. Determine whether kicking and treadmill stepping intervention beginning at 2 months corrected age (CA) in children with PBI improves motor function at 12 months CA when compared with control subjects. In a multi-center ...
Liu Hao-Chuan - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis with unknown etiology. The diagnosis of KD depends on clinical manifestations. The prevalence of coronary artery abnormality (CAA) is 11.0% and results in cardiac sequelae, such as myocardial infarction or coronary aneurysm, which are the most serious complications in KD. We divided ...
Young Lauren - - 2012
Preterm infants are often growth-restricted at hospital discharge. Feeding infants after hospital discharge with nutrient-enriched formula rather than standard term formula might facilitate "catch-up" growth and improve development. To determine the effect of feeding nutrient-enriched formula compared with standard term formula on growth and development for preterm infants following hospital ...
Tan Kenneth - - 2012
Telemedicine is the use of electronic communications technology to provide care for patients when distance separates the practitioner and the patient. As the parents and families of infants admitted to the NICU require major support from health professionals in terms of information and time, telemedicine has the potential to increase ...
Rabe Heike - - 2012
Optimal timing for clamping the umbilical cord at preterm birth is unclear. Early clamping allows for immediate transfer of the infant to the neonatologist. Delaying clamping allows blood flow between the placenta, the umbilical cord and the baby to continue. The blood which transfers to the baby between birth and ...
Moiz Bushra - - 2012
There is a strong correlation between glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with a rare but potential threat of devastating acute bilirubin encephalopathy. G6PD deficiency was observed in 4-14% of hospitalized icteric neonates in Pakistan. G6PD c.563C > T is the most frequently reported variant in this population. The ...
Botet Francesc - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the evolution from 1997 to 2009 of survival without significant (moderate and severe) bronchopulmonary dysplasia (SWsBPD) in extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants and to determine the influence of changes in resuscitation, nutrition and mechanical ventilation on the survival rate. In this study, 415 premature ...
Tooten Anneke - - 2012
Studies have consistently found a high incidence of neonatal medical problems, premature births and low birth weights in abused and neglected children. One of the explanations proposed for the relation between neonatal problems and adverse parenting is a possible delay or disturbance in the bonding process between the parent and ...
Puccini Daniel - - 2012
This study investigated whether 15-month-old infants fast map multimodal labels, and, when given the choice of two modalities, whether they preferentially fast map one better than the other. Sixty 15-month-old infants watched films where an actress repeatedly and ostensively labeled two novel objects using a spoken word along with a ...
Reebye Pratibha N - - 2012
This study explored the affect expression and self-regulation capacities of 8-month-old infants exposed in utero to psychotropic medications. This was a continuation of our previous study conducted on the same cohort when the infants were 3 months old. Psychotropics implicated included selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and a benzodiazepine derivative anxiolytic ...
Ter Horst Hendrik J HJ Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. h.j.ter.horst @ - - 2012
Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia occurs frequently in preterm infants and may result in bilirubin encephalopathy. Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is used to evaluate brain function in newborns. To investigate the influence of total serum bilirubin (TSB) on the aEEG amplitude of preterm infants and to evaluate aEEG as a noninvasive method to identify ...
Lasky Robert E RE Center for Clinical Research and Evidence-Based Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2012
This study was a two-center, stratified, parallel-group randomized trial comparing the effects of aggressive vs. conservative phototherapy on brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) latencies in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW, ≤ 1,000 g). BAER latencies of 751-1,000 g birth-weight infants were shorter by 0.37 ms (95% confidence interval ...
Goetghebuer Tessa - - 2011
The clinical benefit of antiretroviral therapy in infants is established. In this cohort collaboration, we compare immunological and virological response to treatment started before or after 3 months of age. Early initiation provides a better short-term response, although evolution after 12 months of age is similar in both groups.
Ersdal Hege Langli - - 2011
AIM OF THE STUDY: Early initiation of basic resuscitation interventions within 60seconds in apneic newborn infants is thought to be essential in preventing progression to circulatory collapse based on experimental cardio- respiratory responses to asphyxia. The objectives were to describe normal transitional respiratory adaption at birth and to assess the ...
Key Alexandra P F - - 2012
The study investigated whether infant siblings of children with autism (sibs-ASD) process familiar and novel faces differently from typical infants and whether sensitivity to face familiarity is associated with infants' social and communicative behaviors. Visual event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in 35 infants, age 9 months±15 days (20 typical infants, ...
Niwa Fusako - - 2011
Background:  For preterm infants, transient hypothyroxinemia of prematurity (THOP) and transient primary hypothyroidism, especially with delayed elevation of serum thyrotropin (TSH), are important. Methods:  In order to address the above two issues, we performed thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation tests at about 2 weeks of age for 31 preterm infants with ...
Piastra Marco - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe a series of ex-preterm infants admitted to pediatric intensive care unit due to impending hypoxaemic respiratory failure complicated by pulmonary hypertension (PH) who were treated electively combining noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and nebulized iloprost (nebILO). DESIGN: Open uncontrolled observational study. SETTING: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital. PATIENTS: ...
Oakes Lisa M - - 2013
We used eye-tracking to examine 4.5- to 12.5-month-old infants' (N = 92) eye-movements during 3-s presentations of upright and inverted faces. Scanning of inverted faces was statistically indistinguishable at 4.5, 6.5, 8, and 12.5 months of age; at each of these ages infants disproportionately scanned the region containing the eyes. ...
Weisman Omri - - 2011
Periods of bond formation are associated with evolutionary-adaptive reorganization of physiological and behavioral responses and increased attention to attachment-related cues. We measured event-related potential responses to infant stimuli among new parents, new lovers, and romantically unattached singles (N=65). For parents, infant stimuli included own and unfamiliar infant. Viewing unfamiliar infants, ...
Gudsnuk Kathryn M A - - 2011
Early-life adversity can affect brain development and behavior. Emerging evidence from studies on both humans and rodents suggests that epigenetic mechanisms may play a critical role in shaping our biology in response to the quality of the environment. This article highlights the research findings suggesting that prenatal maternal stress, postnatal ...
Towe-Goodman Nissa R NR Center for Developmental Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2012
Drawing on emotional security theory, this study examined linkages between interparental aggression, infant self-regulatory behaviors, and patterns of physiological and behavioral stress responses in a diverse sample of 735 infants residing in predominately low-income, non-metropolitan communities. Latent profile analysis revealed four classes of adrenocortical and behavioral stress-response patterns at 7 ...
Noland Julia S - - 2012
Current interpretation of the object retrieval task ( Diamond, 1990 ) as an infant assessment of response inhibition requires evidence that younger infants make more ineffective attempts to retrieve toys through clear barriers. On two 30-second trials, infants (9 or 11 months of age) saw an inaccessible toy in the ...
Judd Ali A Clinical Trials Unit, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6NH, UK. - - 2011
To investigate virological and immunological response to antiretroviral therapy (ART), and predictors of switching and interrupting treatment among infants starting ART across Europe. Cohort study. Nine cohorts from 13 European countries contributed data on HIV-infected infants born 1996-2008 and starting ART before age 12 months. Logistic and linear regression, and ...
Jung Woo Jin - - 2012
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER), particularly non-acid reflux, is common in infants and is a known cause of chronic respiratory symptoms in infancy. Recent guidelines recommended empirical acid suppression therapy and the head-up position in patients with suspected GER. However, the efficacy of the upright position in relieving GER and reflux-related respiratory ...
Evans Tracey - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the predictor variables of experiential avoidance, relationship satisfaction, prenatal expectations (compared to postnatal experience) and postpartum support, and the criterion variables of maternal attachment, maternal psychological symptoms and maternal responsiveness, after controlling for birth weight. DESIGN: A quantitative survey study. METHOD: The participants were ...
Gunenc Ferim - - 2011
To review clinical experience of anesthesia management using laryngeal mask airway (LMA) during retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) photocoagulation. After obtaining the ethical approval from the Ethics Committee, we retrospectively reviewed the anesthesia records of 85 infants who underwent laser photocoagulation for ROP between June 2004 and June 2010 at the ...
Ganguli Kriston - - 2011
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a common gastrointestinal inflammatory necrosis affecting almost exclusively premature infants usually after oral nutrition has been started, for example, 10 day plus postpartum. Although the pathogenesis is incompletely understood, major risk factors include prematurity and incomplete bacterial colonization. Evidence has been shown that the premature infant ...
Brandon Debra H DH Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2011
To compare the emotional responses of mothers of late-preterm infants (34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation) with those of mothers of full-term infants. A mixed method comparative study. A southeastern tertiary academic medical center postpartum unit. Sixty mothers: 29 mothers of late-preterm infants and 31 mothers of full-term infants. ...
Strathearn L L Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2011
Maternal neglect, including physical and emotional neglect, is a pervasive public health challenge with serious long-term effects on child health and development. I provide an overview of the neurobiological basis of maternal caregiving, aiming to better understand how to prevent and respond to maternal neglect. Drawing from both animal and ...
Stewart Fiona Anne - - 2011
Chimpanzee responses to the death of a group member have rarely been observed in the wild and most instances involve infant deaths. One of the very few detailed accounts of a group's response to the death of an adult community member is from Gombe National Park, Tanzania, where Teleki [Folia ...
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