Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 588
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Mohebbi Simin Z - - 2012
Mohebbi SZ, Virtanen JI, Vehkalahti MM. A community-randomized controlled trial against sugary snacking among infants and toddlers. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2012; 40 (Suppl. 1): 43-48. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Abstract -  Objectives:  We evaluated the impact of educational interventions on sugary snacking in infants and toddlers in ...
Bueno Ieda Aparecida Correa - - 2012
The aims of this study were to determine the presence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and to assess the clinical features of the disease in infants with acute low respiratory tract infection hospitalized at pediatric intensive care units (PICU) of two university teaching hospitals in São Paulo State, Brazil. Nasopharyngeal ...
Garcia Michele Vargas - - 2012
Infants should be submitted to hearing screening upon birth, and for the results to be complete, it is necessary to assess middle ear conditions. OBJECTIVE: To check whether the type of breastfeeding in infants between zero and four months can impact middle ear conditions my means an ENT assessment and ...
Macharia E W - - 2012
Aim In ventilator-dependent infants with complex comorbidities, severe gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) may contribute to prolonging the period of ventilation. It is often difficult to predict whether antireflux surgery will improve the respiratory status of an infant and assist with weaning off the ventilator. The aim of this study was to ...
Aroor Amitha R - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the biochemical parameters, weight gain, osteopenia and phosphate supplementation in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates receiving early versus late parenteral nutrition (EPN versus LPN). A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN IN THE LEVEL III NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT AT SULTAN QABOOS UNIVERSITY ...
Kochanek Kenneth D - - 2012
The number of births in the United States decreased by 3% between 2008 and 2009 to 4 130 665 births. The general fertility rate also declined 3% to 66.7 per 1000 women. The teenage birth rate fell 6% to 39.1 per 1000. Birth rates also declined for women 20 to 39 years ...
Colnaghi Mariarosa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To assess the therapeutic effects of breathing a low-density helium and oxygen mixture (heliox, 80% helium and 20% oxygen) in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP).METHODS:Infants born between 28 and 32 weeks of gestational age with radiologic findings and clinical symptoms ...
Hoppenbrouwers Toke - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that term-born Asian infants, at reduced risk to die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) exhibit a circadian heart rate rhythm (CHR) at a later age than non-Asian term infants. METHOD: Repeated overnight heart rate (HR) traces obtained with a battery-operated Polar S810i heart-rate monitor ...
Abe Takeru - - 2012
AIM OF THE STUDY: The incidence rate of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) among infants is high; however, little is known about effective life-support for this group. Thus, we examined factors related to 1-month survival after OHCA among infants. METHODS: All infant OHCA cases occurring between 2005 and 2008 in Japan ...
Eicher Carmen - - 2012
Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and focal intestinal perforation (FIP) are major causes of morbidity in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). Objective: To evaluate the surgical procedures applied, and the survival and long-term outcome of ELBW infants with NEC and FIP in a single-center study. Methods: Inborn and outborn ...
Mody Kartik - - 2012
Objective: To study the association between Sirtuin1 (Sirt1), a class III histone deacetylator, in tracheal aspirate (TA) leukocytes and the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants and modulation of Sirt1 with dexamethasone (Dex) use. Design/methods: Serial TA samples were collected on days 1, 3, 5 and 7 from ...
Dilli Dilek - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the effect of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) on growth and neurodevelopmental outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Neurodevelopmental outcome of 20 of 39 surviving very low birthweight infants (VLBW) diagnosed with NEC between 2007 and 2009 was compared with 40 control infants matched for gestational age and year of admission. ...
van Manen Michael - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pre-closure neuromuscular paralysis and time to final surgical closure for infants with gastroschisis undergoing silo reduction. STUDY DESIGN: This study was an exploratory review of observational variables obtained from the Canadian Pediatric Surgery Network database. The focus was on the subset of infants with ...
Mörelius Evalotte - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement in the care of preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is common, but little is known about the effect on stress responses in mothers and infants. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of family-centered care on salivary cortisol reactivity in ...
Shefali-Patel Deena - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is associated with chronic respiratory morbidity in infants born very prematurely. Our aims were to determine if infants born moderately prematurely (32-35 weeks of gestation) who had had an RSV hospitalisation, compared to those who had not, had greater healthcare utilisation and related cost of care ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
The INSURE method, which consists of an intubation-surfactant-extubation sequence, is effective in reducing the need for mechanical ventilation (MV), the duration of respiratory support, and the need for surfactant replacement in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Although beneficial, the INSURE method fails to avoid MV in selected patients. We ...
Aubuchon-Endsley Nicki L - - 2012
Several recent studies have supported relations between infant behaviour (alertness and responsiveness) and nutrition in addition to investigating infant behaviour within the context of changes in iron status over time. Existing research is typically limited to the investigation of the effects of a single vitamin or mineral, and no studies ...
Saavedra Sandra L - - 2012
The severity of myelomeningocele (MMC) stems both from a loss of neurons due to neural tube defect and a loss of function in viable neurons due to reduced movement experience during the first year after birth. In young infants with MMC, the challenge is to reinforce excitability and voluntary control ...
Noakes Paul S PS Human Development and Health Academic Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Long-chain n-3 PUFAs found in oily fish may have a role in lowering the risk of allergic disease. The objective was to assess whether an increased intake of oily fish in pregnancy modifies neonatal immune responses and early markers of atopy. Women (n = 123) were randomly assigned to continue ...
Safranow Krzysztof - - 2012
Abstract Background: The most common morbidities in preterm infants are associated with vascular pathology. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been implicated in repair of the vasculature, but their role in the pathogenesis of prematurity complications is not clear. Objectives: We prospectively investigated an association between the number of EPCs circulating ...
Balaluka Ghislain B - - 2012
Malnutrition is a major public health problem in developing countries and exclusive breastfeeding is an efficient strategy that can be used to prevent malnutrition and reduce child mortality. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of community volunteers in promoting exclusive breastfeeding from birth in an area ...
Bhat Y R - - 2012
Better understanding of the clinical characteristics of ABO haemolytic disease in neonates helps optimise care. To assess the morbidity associated with maternal-neonatal ABO incompatibility. Neonates with blood groups A or B born to mothers with blood group O with simultaneous rhesus blood factor compatibility were studied prospectively. Maternal and neonatal ...
Prashanth Gowda Parameshwar - - 2012
Elective high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in preterm infants is known to be as effective as conventional ventilation in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia without the risk of increased mortality or brain damage. To document the feasibility and safety of early use of HFOV in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome ...
Bahman Bijari Bahare - - 2012
Objective. Touch is one of the first strong positive senses that develop in neonate. Therapeutic touch could be considered as a complementary treatment in Neonate intensive care units (NICU). Methods. This quasi-experimental study was conducted to compare the effect of Yakson and GHT on behavioral reaction of preterm infants hospitalized ...
Rythén Marianne - - 2012
Preterm birth is associated with medical complications and treatments postnatally and disturbances in growth and development. Primary and permanent teeth develop during this postnatal period. The overall aim of the present thesis was to elucidate the effects of preterm birth and postnatal complications on oral health and the dentoalveolar development ...
Sadoh W E - - 2012
In caucasian newborns, troponin T (cTnT) is a specific marker for myocardial injury in perinatal asphyxia. This is the first such study in negroid neonates. To evaluate myocardial injury in a group of asphyxiated African newborns and determine the influence of mode of delivery on cTnT levels. Serum cTnT and ...
Yoffe Stuart J - - 2012
This study was conducted to determine if a parent-oriented educational intervention reduces the use of emergency department (ED) services for the care of infants. Compared with parents in the control group, parents receiving a specific educational intervention booklet showed significantly lower use of ED services for care of their infants.
Barlow Steven M - - 2012
The nonnutritive suck (NNS) is an observable and accessible motor behavior which is often used to make inference about brain development and pre-feeding skill in preterm and term infants. The purpose of this study was to model NNS burst compression pressure dynamics in the frequency and time domain among two ...
Heidari Haydeh - - 2012
To explore experiences of Iranian parents with a hospitalized premature infant in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and examine socio-cultural factors associated with having a less than perfect infant. Purposely selected 21 participants in this study were 6 fathers, 7 mothers, 5 nurses and 3 physicians specialized in neonatology. Semi-structured ...
Basu Sriparna - - 2012
Diagnosis of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) is often difficult because of vague clinical signs and non-specific laboratory parameters. To assess the statistical validity of thymic size estimation as a diagnostic marker of EONS compared with cord blood interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations. Thirty-two neonates delivered in hospital and admitted to the neonatal ...
Cimenti Christina - - 2012
Abstract Background: To determine the predictive value of the immature granulocyte count and the immature myeloid information in neonatal early onset sepsis we examined 133 blood samples of patients admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit. Methods: Measurements were performed using the Sysmex XE-2100, an automated hematological analyzer. Patients were ...
Stets Manuela - - 2012
In this meta-analysis, we examined interrelationships between characteristics of infant event-related potential (ERP) studies and their attrition rates. One-hundred and forty-nine published studies provided information on 314 experimental groups of which 181 provided data on attrition. A random effects meta-analysis revealed a high average attrition rate of 49.2%. Additionally, we ...
Abdelghaffar Shereen - - 2012
Preterm neonates comprise the most heavily transfused group of patients, and about 85% of extremely low birth weight newborns receive a transfusion by the end of their hospital stay. The aim of this study was to assess the possible metabolic effects of RBC transfusion on preterm infants, especially during the ...
Feghhi Mostafa - - 2012
The aim of this study was to report the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the contribution of various risk factors to ROP in the south-western region of Iran. This cross-sectional case-control series reviewed all low birth weight (LBW, ≤2000 g) neonates and/or neonates less than 32 weeks gestational ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2012
The aim of this individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis is to assess whether the effects of repeat prenatal corticosteroid treatment given to women at risk of preterm birth to benefit their babies are modified in a clinically meaningful way by factors related to the women or the trial protocol. The ...
Lasky Robert E - - 2012
This study was a two-center, stratified, parallel-group randomized trial comparing the effects of aggressive vs. conservative phototherapy on brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) latencies in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW, ≤ 1,000 g). BAER latencies of 751-1,000 g birth-weight infants were shorter by 0.37 ms (95% confidence interval ...
Palmer D J - - 2012
To determine whether dietary n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation of pregnant women with a fetus at high risk of allergic disease reduces immunoglobulin E associated eczema or food allergy at 1 year of age. Follow-up of infants at high hereditary risk of allergic disease in the Docosahexaenoic ...
Floros Joanna - - 2012
The genetic contribution to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in prematurely born infants is substantial, but information related to the specific genes involved is lacking. Genotype analysis revealed, after multiple comparisons correction, two significant single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), rs3771150 (IL-18RAP) and rs3771171 (IL-18R1), in African Americans (AAs) with BPD (vs. ...
Mazeiras Gaël - - 2012
Bilirubin-related neurotoxicity is an important clinical issue in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, and the existing literature is inconsistent. To analyze the relationship between maximal serum unconjugated bilirubin levels (SBL) and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2-year corrected age in VLBW infants. Phototherapy was initiated in all infants born before 33 weeks ...
Chapman Donna J - - 2012
The gap between current breastfeeding practices and the Healthy People 2020 breastfeeding goals is widest for black women compared with all other ethnic groups. Also of concern, Hispanic and black women have the highest rates of formula supplementation of breast-fed infants before 2 d of life. These disparities must be ...
Schmalisch Gerd - - 2012
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (< 1,500 g) with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) develop lung damage caused by mechanical ventilation and maturational arrest. We compared functional lung development after discharge from hospital between VLBW infants with and without BPD. Comprehensive lung function assessment was performed at about 50, 70, and ...
Bhandari Nita - - 2012
To evaluate the Indian Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) programme, which integrates improved treatment of illness for children with home visits for newborn care, to inform its scale-up. Cluster randomised trial. 18 clusters (population 1.1 million) in Haryana, India. 29,667 births in intervention clusters and 30,813 in ...
Campbell Suzann K - - 2012
Preterm infants with periventricular brain injury (PBI) have a high incidence of atypical development and leg movements. Determine whether kicking and treadmill stepping intervention beginning at 2 months corrected age (CA) in children with PBI improves motor function at 12 months CA when compared with control subjects. In a multi-center ...
Liu Hao-Chuan - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis with unknown etiology. The diagnosis of KD depends on clinical manifestations. The prevalence of coronary artery abnormality (CAA) is 11.0% and results in cardiac sequelae, such as myocardial infarction or coronary aneurysm, which are the most serious complications in KD. We divided ...
Young Lauren - - 2012
Preterm infants are often growth-restricted at hospital discharge. Feeding infants after hospital discharge with nutrient-enriched formula rather than standard term formula might facilitate "catch-up" growth and improve development. To determine the effect of feeding nutrient-enriched formula compared with standard term formula on growth and development for preterm infants following hospital ...
Tan Kenneth - - 2012
Telemedicine is the use of electronic communications technology to provide care for patients when distance separates the practitioner and the patient. As the parents and families of infants admitted to the NICU require major support from health professionals in terms of information and time, telemedicine has the potential to increase ...
Rabe Heike - - 2012
Optimal timing for clamping the umbilical cord at preterm birth is unclear. Early clamping allows for immediate transfer of the infant to the neonatologist. Delaying clamping allows blood flow between the placenta, the umbilical cord and the baby to continue. The blood which transfers to the baby between birth and ...
Moiz Bushra - - 2012
There is a strong correlation between glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with a rare but potential threat of devastating acute bilirubin encephalopathy. G6PD deficiency was observed in 4-14% of hospitalized icteric neonates in Pakistan. G6PD c.563C > T is the most frequently reported variant in this population. The ...
Botet Francesc - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the evolution from 1997 to 2009 of survival without significant (moderate and severe) bronchopulmonary dysplasia (SWsBPD) in extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants and to determine the influence of changes in resuscitation, nutrition and mechanical ventilation on the survival rate. In this study, 415 premature ...
Tooten Anneke - - 2012
Studies have consistently found a high incidence of neonatal medical problems, premature births and low birth weights in abused and neglected children. One of the explanations proposed for the relation between neonatal problems and adverse parenting is a possible delay or disturbance in the bonding process between the parent and ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >