Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 656
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Rhein Lawrence M - - 2012
Objective. To determine whether pulmonary follow-up affects rates of rehospitalization and visitations to emergency departments (EDs) in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods. In this retrospective cohort study, the authors identified all preterm infants born at ≤32 weeks' gestation with at least one outpatient visit to a pulmonary follow-up ...
Vimalesvaran Sunitha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Balloon atrial septostomy is a common palliative procedure in neonates with cyanotic congenital heart disease with restricted interatrial blood flow. Despite its advantages, balloon atrial septostomy is not a risk-free procedure and can be associated with numerous complications. The objective of this study is to determine whether the performance ...
Osterholm Erin A - - 2012
Mounting epidemiologic evidence and animal models suggest that stressful conditions during the intrauterine period may increase susceptibility to several adult conditions, including metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and psychiatric disorders. Increased cortisol levels due to alterations in the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis are believed to be one mediating mechanism. ...
Parvex Paloma - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased prenatal diagnosis of congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), no reliable renal marker for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has been validated yet in neonates. Cystatin C (CysC) is specific to the neonate and is proposed as a sensitive marker for this population. The ...
Cetinkaya Bengü - - 2012
Çetinkaya B, Başbakkal Z. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2012; 18: 164-169 The effectiveness of aromatherapy massage using lavender oil as a treatment for infantile colic The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage using lavender oil as a possible treatment for this condition. This ...
Zivić Ljubica - - 2012
Nowadays development of techniques enables detection of hearing impairment in a very short time, immediately after birth by using otoacoustic emissions. They are low-pitched sounds produced in physiologically clear cochlea and can be recorded in cochlear outer meatus. By this method, complete data are found on a whole presynaptic auditory ...
Engdahl Johan - - 2012
The present study investigates adult imitations of infant vocalizations in a cross-linguistic perspective. Japanese-learning and Swedish-learning infants were recorded at ages 16-21 and 78-79 weeks. Vowel-like utterances (n=210) were selected from the recordings and presented to Japanese (n=3) and Swedish (n=3) adults. The adults were asked to imitate what they ...
Rassi Anis - - 2012
The authors report the case of a female infant with Group III (or Grade III) megaesophagus secondary to vector-borne Chagas disease, resulting in severe malnutrition that reversed after surgery (Heller technique). The infant was then treated with the antiparasitic drug benznidazole, and the infection was cured, as demonstrated serologically and ...
Törölä Helena - - 2012
The vocalization of preterm infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) up to the expansion stage was systematically described and compared with those of healthy full-term infants. The sample consisted of 18 preterm ELBW infants and the control group of 11 full-term infants. The follow-up was performed intensively using video-recordings. ...
Masoura S - - 2012
The aim of the study was to examine the impact of pre-eclampsia on neonatal outcomes of late preterm deliveries. A retrospective study was conducted, enrolling pregnancies delivered between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation during the period 2004-2007 in a large tertiary center. Pregnancies were divided in group ...
Chaudhari Sudha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the growth, adiposity and blood pressure of non-handicapped low birthweight children at 18 years. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Infants born between 1987-1989 with birthweight less than 2000g, discharged from a neonatal special care unit of a referral hospital and followed up till the age of 18 ...
Olusanya B O - - 2012
Objective: To determine the pattern of head growth and the early postnatal nutritional status of microcephalic infants in a low-income country. Materials and Methods: A cohort study in Lagos, Nigeria in which the head growth of full-term singletons within the first postnatal check-up at 6-8 weeks was evaluated using the ...
Törölä Helena - - 2012
The aim of this study was to systematically describe the preverbal development of preterm infants from canonical babbling up to the first word and to compare it with that of healthy full-term infants. In addition, the amount of vocalization between the preterm and full-term groups was compared. The sample consisted ...
Meneses Jucille - - 2012
To determine among preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome whether the use of early nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) vs nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) decreases the need for invasive ventilation within the first 72 hours of life. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and clinicaltrials.gov ...
Ozkiraz Servet - - 2012
Background:  To determine the effects of severe hyperbilirubinemia on vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP). Methods:  A prospective study was designed. Seventeen term infants who suffered from severe hyperbilirubinemia in the postnatal first five days of age were included in the study group. The control group consists of 17 healthy term ...
van Vliet Elvira O G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare neonatal morbidity and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome between very preterm infants with placental underperfusion and very preterm infants with histological chorioamnionitis. STUDY DESIGN: We measured the mental and motor development at age 2 and 7 years in 51 very preterm infants with ...
Saldeño Y P - - 2012
Objective:Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common condition among preterm infants. Controversy exists regarding the risk-benefit ratio of early closure of PDAs by either medical or surgical treatments. On the other hand, potential morbidities associated with no or delayed closure has not been well studied. The objective of the study ...
Kuo Kuang-Che - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) sepsis is a fetal disease with rapid progressive shock for infants and children in hospital and in the community, without initial treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Because underlying risk factors remain unclear for affected patients, it is still difficult for early diagnosis and therapy. Recently, ABO ...
Nesterenko Tetyana H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Newborns exposed to oxygen suffer from an oxidative stress with significant alterations in the concentrations of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSSG). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biological and clinical effects of oxygen administration to delivering mothers. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial on a cohort of delivering ...
Stritzke Amelie I - - 2012
ObjectiveTo evaluate the association between blood transfusion in previous 2 days and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units in Canada.Patients and MethodsUsing the Canadian Neonatal Network database of admissions to neonatal intensive care units from 2003 to 2008, cases with NEC were matched with controls ...
Shahid R - - 2012
(1) To determine whether infants born to O+ mothers who had selective cord-blood testing would have higher rates of clinically significant hyperbilirubinemia compared with those newborns who had routine cord-blood testing. (2) To determine the amount of cost savings by implementing a policy of selective cord-blood testing in newborns born ...
Safranow Krzysztof K Department of Biochemistry and Medical Chemistry, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, - - 2012
The most common morbidities in preterm infants are associated with vascular pathology. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been implicated in repair of the vasculature, but their role in the pathogenesis of prematurity complications is not clear. We prospectively investigated an association between the number of EPCs circulating in blood during ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2012
To evaluate whether meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is a risk factor for neonatal hypoglycemia. Retrospective recording of medical charts of full-term infants born following observation of meconium-stained amniotic fluid to examine glucose levels in the first hours of life. Out of 803 infants of the study group, 68 (8.5%) had ...
Alsweiler Jane M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:The optimal treatment of neonatal hyperglycemia is unclear. The aim of this trial was to determine whether tight glycemic control with insulin improves growth in hyperglycemic preterm infants, without increasing the incidence of hypoglycemia.METHODS:Randomized, controlled, nonblinded trial of 88 infants born at <30 weeks' gestation or <1500 g who developed ...
Bjorn Cools - - 2012
A very low birth weight infant with severe aortic coarctation developed progressive left ventricular dysfunction and pulmonary overflow with hemorrhage, while receiving prostaglandins. To avoid morbidity from conventional surgery or percutaneous intervention, a 2-step strategy was performed at a weight of 970 g. First vascular access was obtained through sternotomy ...
Bojan Mirela - - 2012
Background:  The efficacy of aprotinin, the most popular antifibrinolytic agent in congenital cardiac surgery, was still uncertain in small infants when its prophylactic use was suspended for safety reasons. The aim of this study is to describe associations between the prophylactic use of high-dose aprotinin, the need for blood product ...
Soubasi Vassiliki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In preterm infants with IVH the electrocortical background activity is affected and there is a correlation between the severity of cerebral injury to the degree of depression, however the usefulness of the early aEEG recordings has hardly been determined. AIM: To identify early aEEG features that could be used ...
Salvador Agnes - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of cholestasis in very low birth weight infants receiving cycled versus continuous parenteral nutrition, and to determine factors that predispose to parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC). STUDY DESIGN: Preterm infants weighing ≤1250 g (n = 70) at birth were randomly assigned within the first 5 postnatal ...
Averin Konstantin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of vocal cord (VC) and swallowing dysfunction in infants after the Norwood operation and to examine the relationship between laryngopharyngeal dysfunction and postoperative outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 63 infants who underwent routine postoperative fiberoptic endoscopic ...
Stenger Michael R - - 2012
To describe inter-center hospital variation in inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) administration to infants born prior to 34 weeks' gestation at US children's hospitals. This was a retrospective cohort study using the Pediatric Health Information System to determine the frequency, age at first administration, and length of iNO use among 22 699 ...
Verkerk Gijs - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP©) improved motor function at 24months, and mental and behavioural development in high risk subgroups of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. AIM: To determine IBAIP's effects on executive functioning, behaviour and cognition at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN: Follow-up of a randomised ...
Mehal Jason M - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Diarrhea-associated deaths among US children increased from the mid-1980s through 2006, particularly among infants. Understanding risk factors for diarrhea-associated death could improve prevention strategies. METHODS:: Records of singleton infants with diarrhea listed anywhere on the death certificate were selected from the US Linked Birth/Infant Death data for 2005-2007; characteristics ...
Jeon Tae Yeon - - 2012
Purpose:To compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes between preterm infants with diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI) and those without DEHSI on magnetic resonance (MR) images, in association with other white matter lesions.Materials and Methods:This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and requirement to obtain informed consent was waived. ...
Lau C - - 2012
Aim:  Preterm infants have difficulty oral feeding. We hypothesized that a specific sucking and swallowing exercise vs. no intervention accelerate attainment of independent oral feeding through a faster maturation of infants' oral feeding skills (OFS). Methods:  Very low birthweight infants were randomized to a control, sucking, and swallowing group. Sucking ...
Bharadwaj Shruthi K - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) using gel packs in reducing mortality and morbidity in term neonates with HIE and study the associated problems with TH.Methods: Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy babies were randomized into TH and control group. Babies in TH group were cooled for first 72 h of ...
Yoder B A - - 2012
Objective:To analyze operative repair, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and survival rates based on highest pre-ductal oxygen saturation (Pre-O(2)SAT) in a large infant cohort reported to Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group Registry between 2000 and 2010.Study Design:Analyzed data included gestational age, birth weight, defect side and size, repair, ECMO use, survival ...
Fereshtehnejad Seyed Mohammad - - 2012
There are disparate data regarding whether bilirubin is protective or toxic during free radical related illness among neonates. Seventy one infants with gestational age (GA) of <32 weeks and/or birth weight (BW) of <1500 g, who survived beyond 4 weeks and completed physical examinations were enrolled in this study. The ...
Ghaemi Sedigheh - - 2012
Exchange transfusion (ET) has been known as an effective treatment in sever neonatal jaundice. Prescribing appropriate blood group makes an important role in patient's outcome and no single component is unequivocally the best. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ABO compatible packed cell, dried O, ...
Al Tawil Khalil I - - 2012
Periventricular leukomalacia, a major cause of neurologic disabilities in preterm infants, can be isolated or associated with intraventricular and periventricular hemorrhage. To determine the risk factors for isolated periventricular leukomalacia, we retrospectively studied the characteristics of all very low birth weight infants affected by isolated periventricular leukomalacia who were delivered ...
Miller Joyce - - 2012
Few convincing treatment options have been identified for the excessively crying infant. One explanation may be a lack of identification of patient subgroups. This study used a clinically plausible categorization protocol to subgroup infants and compared changes in symptoms between these subgroups during treatment. An observational cohort design was employed. ...
Saeidi R - - 2012
Premature neonates are at risk for severe anemia and erythropoietin is the most important hormone in erythropoiesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of oral recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in proving erythropoiesis in neonates. This was a randomized clinical trial study. Thirty neonates were enrolled from ...
Hartman Diane M - - 2012
To ascertain the primary caregiver's postdischarge perceptions of infant care issues after neonatal heart surgery. Fifteen primary caregivers of infants who had neonatal heart surgery for complex congenital heart disease (CHD) participated in this study. We conducted two focus groups and four individual phone interviews using a structured interview guide. ...
Rafacz Michelle L - - 2012
Only one of the 15 species of monogamous hylobatids, the siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus), demonstrates direct paternal care in the form of infant-carrying, providing a unique model for examining hormonal correlates of paternal care differences between siamangs and gibbons. We used behavioral data and fecal hormone analysis to investigate (1) differences ...
Loring Cynthia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare body temperature of the late preterm infant after 24 hours of life at three time points before and after immersion tub bathing or sponge bathing. We hypothesized that late preterm infants achieve significantly improved thermoregulation when bathed by immersion tub bath compared to traditional sponge bathing. DESIGN: This ...
Yamasaki C - - 2012
Background:  The long-term effects of hydrocortisone (HDC) used for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with chronic lung disease (CLD) are not fully understood. Objectives:  To examine the short-term clinical effects and long-term impact of a physiological replacement dose of HDC on acute deterioration of CLD in VLBW infants. Methods:  ...
Heidkamp Rebecca A - - 2012
The integration of nutrition support for infants of HIV-infected mothers is a recognized need; however, the evidence for effective programmatic solutions is weak. The objective of our study was to implement and evaluate a new infant feeding support intervention for HIV-exposed, uninfected, non-breast-fed infants 6-12 mo of age attending the ...
Guidry Christopher A - - 2012
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a potentially lethal anomaly associated with pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension. Permissive hypercapnia is a strategy designed to reduce lung injury from mechanical ventilation in infants. It has been shown to be a potentially superior method of ventilator management for patients with CDH. In ...
Sanghi Gaurav - - 2012
To study intersibling variability of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in twins and determine its risk factors. A retrospective chart review of twin neonates developing ROP at a tertiary center over a 5 year period (January 2004 to December 2008). Twin pairs with intersibling variability of ROP were retrieved based on one ...
Madan Ashima - - 2012
The neurological outcome for infants with Grade I/II intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is debated. The aim of this study was to determine whether very low birth weight infants (VLBW, <1500 g) with Grade I/II (IVH) have altered visuocortical activity compared with infants with no IVH. We assessed the quantitative swept parameter ...
Bojan M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>A significantly increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) with the prophylactic use of aprotinin has been reported in adults undergoing cardiac surgery, but not in children. Blood product transfusions have also been shown to carry an independent risk of AKI. The present study assessed associations between AKI, aprotinin, ...
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