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Results 251 - 300 of 617
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Ghaemi Sedigheh - - 2012
Exchange transfusion (ET) has been known as an effective treatment in sever neonatal jaundice. Prescribing appropriate blood group makes an important role in patient's outcome and no single component is unequivocally the best. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ABO compatible packed cell, dried O, ...
Al Tawil Khalil I - - 2012
Periventricular leukomalacia, a major cause of neurologic disabilities in preterm infants, can be isolated or associated with intraventricular and periventricular hemorrhage. To determine the risk factors for isolated periventricular leukomalacia, we retrospectively studied the characteristics of all very low birth weight infants affected by isolated periventricular leukomalacia who were delivered ...
Miller Joyce - - 2012
Few convincing treatment options have been identified for the excessively crying infant. One explanation may be a lack of identification of patient subgroups. This study used a clinically plausible categorization protocol to subgroup infants and compared changes in symptoms between these subgroups during treatment. An observational cohort design was employed. ...
Saeidi R - - 2012
Premature neonates are at risk for severe anemia and erythropoietin is the most important hormone in erythropoiesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of oral recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in proving erythropoiesis in neonates. This was a randomized clinical trial study. Thirty neonates were enrolled from ...
Hartman Diane M - - 2012
To ascertain the primary caregiver's postdischarge perceptions of infant care issues after neonatal heart surgery. Fifteen primary caregivers of infants who had neonatal heart surgery for complex congenital heart disease (CHD) participated in this study. We conducted two focus groups and four individual phone interviews using a structured interview guide. ...
Rafacz Michelle L - - 2012
Only one of the 15 species of monogamous hylobatids, the siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus), demonstrates direct paternal care in the form of infant-carrying, providing a unique model for examining hormonal correlates of paternal care differences between siamangs and gibbons. We used behavioral data and fecal hormone analysis to investigate (1) differences ...
Loring Cynthia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare body temperature of the late preterm infant after 24 hours of life at three time points before and after immersion tub bathing or sponge bathing. We hypothesized that late preterm infants achieve significantly improved thermoregulation when bathed by immersion tub bath compared to traditional sponge bathing. DESIGN: This ...
Yamasaki C - - 2012
Background:  The long-term effects of hydrocortisone (HDC) used for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with chronic lung disease (CLD) are not fully understood. Objectives:  To examine the short-term clinical effects and long-term impact of a physiological replacement dose of HDC on acute deterioration of CLD in VLBW infants. Methods:  ...
Heidkamp Rebecca A - - 2012
The integration of nutrition support for infants of HIV-infected mothers is a recognized need; however, the evidence for effective programmatic solutions is weak. The objective of our study was to implement and evaluate a new infant feeding support intervention for HIV-exposed, uninfected, non-breast-fed infants 6-12 mo of age attending the ...
Guidry Christopher A - - 2012
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a potentially lethal anomaly associated with pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension. Permissive hypercapnia is a strategy designed to reduce lung injury from mechanical ventilation in infants. It has been shown to be a potentially superior method of ventilator management for patients with CDH. In ...
Sanghi Gaurav - - 2012
To study intersibling variability of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in twins and determine its risk factors. A retrospective chart review of twin neonates developing ROP at a tertiary center over a 5 year period (January 2004 to December 2008). Twin pairs with intersibling variability of ROP were retrieved based on one ...
Madan Ashima - - 2012
The neurological outcome for infants with Grade I/II intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is debated. The aim of this study was to determine whether very low birth weight infants (VLBW, <1500 g) with Grade I/II (IVH) have altered visuocortical activity compared with infants with no IVH. We assessed the quantitative swept parameter ...
Bojan M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>A significantly increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) with the prophylactic use of aprotinin has been reported in adults undergoing cardiac surgery, but not in children. Blood product transfusions have also been shown to carry an independent risk of AKI. The present study assessed associations between AKI, aprotinin, ...
Singh Leher - - 2012
Infants begin to segment novel words from speech by 7.5 months, demonstrating an ability to track, encode and retrieve words in the context of larger units. Although it is presumed that word recognition at this stage is a prerequisite to constructing a vocabulary, the continuity between these stages of development ...
Gouyon J-B - - 2012
Late and moderate preterm infants account for >80% of premature births. These newborns experience considerable mortality and morbidity in comparison with full-term born infants. The purpose of this paper is to summarise the most common morbidities of late and moderate preterm infants in the neonatal period, their incidence, severity, risk ...
Wickremasinghe A C - - 2012
Objective:To determine the effect of universal transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) screening on total serum bilirubin (TSB) blood draws and phototherapy usage.Study Design:The subjects were infants 36 weeks gestation. In period 1, TSB was ordered based on clinical factors. In period 2, all infants underwent predischarge TcB measurement; infants with adjusted TcB ...
Hsieh Ching-Ju - - 2012
This study evaluated the extent to which refractive morbidity is correlated to preterm birth or retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) itself, or both, and examined the risk factors associated with refractive errors in a cohort of preterm infants with and without ROP compared with full-term infants. This longitudinal, prospective, controlled cohort ...
Albers Erin - - 2012
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) produces inflammation and oxidative stress, which contribute to postoperative complications after cardiac surgery. F(2)-Isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoPs) are products of lipid oxidative injury and represent the most accurate markers of oxidative stress. In adults undergoing cardiac surgery, CPB is associated with elevated IsoPs. The relationship between F(2)-IsoPs and perioperative ...
Everitt Melanie D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Infant heart transplant (HT) recipients have the best long-term survival of any age group, but the small donor pool and high early mortality limit the therapeutic effectiveness. We sought to determine the relationship between pre-HT diagnosis and early HT outcome to better define the mortality risk associated with a ...
Soofi Sajid - - 2012
Umbilical cord infection (omphalitis) is a risk factor for neonatal sepsis and mortality in low-resource settings where home deliveries are common. We aimed to assess the effect of umbilical-cord cleansing with 4% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution, with or without handwashing with antiseptic soap, on the incidence of omphalitis and neonatal mortality. ...
Buckmaster Adam - - 2012
Aim:  There is wide variation in the commencement of inspired oxygen (FiO2) and the oxygen saturation (SpO(2) ) targets set in special care nurseries (SCNs). Evidence supports minimising unnecessary oxygen exposure. Does the introduction of a protocol advocating the uniform approach of commencing FiO2 at 30% and targeting SpO2 of ...
Aly Hany - - 2012
Objectives:  To examine endotracheal bacteriological status in premature infants who are supported by nasal CPAP without any history of tracheal intubation. Subjects and methods:  In this prospective case-control study, we enrolled 60 premature infants with respiratory distress; of them 30 were supported by CPAP without tracheal intubation, and 30 were ...
Ramanathan R - - 2012
Objective:To compare the effect of early extubation to nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) on the need for mechanical ventilation via endotracheal tube (MVET) at 7 days of age in preterm infants <30 weeks' gestation requiring intubation and surfactant for respiratory distress syndrome ...
Mohebbi Simin Z - - 2012
Mohebbi SZ, Virtanen JI, Vehkalahti MM. A community-randomized controlled trial against sugary snacking among infants and toddlers. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2012; 40 (Suppl. 1): 43-48. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Abstract -  Objectives:  We evaluated the impact of educational interventions on sugary snacking in infants and toddlers in ...
Bueno Ieda Aparecida Correa - - 2012
The aims of this study were to determine the presence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and to assess the clinical features of the disease in infants with acute low respiratory tract infection hospitalized at pediatric intensive care units (PICU) of two university teaching hospitals in São Paulo State, Brazil. Nasopharyngeal ...
Garcia Michele Vargas - - 2012
Infants should be submitted to hearing screening upon birth, and for the results to be complete, it is necessary to assess middle ear conditions. OBJECTIVE: To check whether the type of breastfeeding in infants between zero and four months can impact middle ear conditions my means an ENT assessment and ...
Macharia E W - - 2012
Aim In ventilator-dependent infants with complex comorbidities, severe gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) may contribute to prolonging the period of ventilation. It is often difficult to predict whether antireflux surgery will improve the respiratory status of an infant and assist with weaning off the ventilator. The aim of this study was to ...
Aroor Amitha R - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the biochemical parameters, weight gain, osteopenia and phosphate supplementation in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates receiving early versus late parenteral nutrition (EPN versus LPN). A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN IN THE LEVEL III NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT AT SULTAN QABOOS UNIVERSITY ...
Colnaghi Mariarosa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To assess the therapeutic effects of breathing a low-density helium and oxygen mixture (heliox, 80% helium and 20% oxygen) in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP).METHODS:Infants born between 28 and 32 weeks of gestational age with radiologic findings and clinical symptoms ...
Kochanek Kenneth D KD Division of Vital Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA. - - 2012
The number of births in the United States decreased by 3% between 2008 and 2009 to 4 130 665 births. The general fertility rate also declined 3% to 66.7 per 1000 women. The teenage birth rate fell 6% to 39.1 per 1000. Birth rates also declined for women 20 to 39 years ...
Hoppenbrouwers Toke - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that term-born Asian infants, at reduced risk to die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) exhibit a circadian heart rate rhythm (CHR) at a later age than non-Asian term infants. METHOD: Repeated overnight heart rate (HR) traces obtained with a battery-operated Polar S810i heart-rate monitor ...
Abe Takeru - - 2012
AIM OF THE STUDY: The incidence rate of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) among infants is high; however, little is known about effective life-support for this group. Thus, we examined factors related to 1-month survival after OHCA among infants. METHODS: All infant OHCA cases occurring between 2005 and 2008 in Japan ...
Eicher Carmen - - 2012
Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and focal intestinal perforation (FIP) are major causes of morbidity in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). Objective: To evaluate the surgical procedures applied, and the survival and long-term outcome of ELBW infants with NEC and FIP in a single-center study. Methods: Inborn and outborn ...
Mody Kartik - - 2012
Objective: To study the association between Sirtuin1 (Sirt1), a class III histone deacetylator, in tracheal aspirate (TA) leukocytes and the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants and modulation of Sirt1 with dexamethasone (Dex) use. Design/methods: Serial TA samples were collected on days 1, 3, 5 and 7 from ...
Dilli Dilek - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the effect of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) on growth and neurodevelopmental outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Neurodevelopmental outcome of 20 of 39 surviving very low birthweight infants (VLBW) diagnosed with NEC between 2007 and 2009 was compared with 40 control infants matched for gestational age and year of admission. ...
van Manen Michael - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pre-closure neuromuscular paralysis and time to final surgical closure for infants with gastroschisis undergoing silo reduction. STUDY DESIGN: This study was an exploratory review of observational variables obtained from the Canadian Pediatric Surgery Network database. The focus was on the subset of infants with ...
Mörelius Evalotte - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement in the care of preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is common, but little is known about the effect on stress responses in mothers and infants. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of family-centered care on salivary cortisol reactivity in ...
Shefali-Patel Deena - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is associated with chronic respiratory morbidity in infants born very prematurely. Our aims were to determine if infants born moderately prematurely (32-35 weeks of gestation) who had had an RSV hospitalisation, compared to those who had not, had greater healthcare utilisation and related cost of care ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
The INSURE method, which consists of an intubation-surfactant-extubation sequence, is effective in reducing the need for mechanical ventilation (MV), the duration of respiratory support, and the need for surfactant replacement in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Although beneficial, the INSURE method fails to avoid MV in selected patients. We ...
Aubuchon-Endsley Nicki L - - 2012
Several recent studies have supported relations between infant behaviour (alertness and responsiveness) and nutrition in addition to investigating infant behaviour within the context of changes in iron status over time. Existing research is typically limited to the investigation of the effects of a single vitamin or mineral, and no studies ...
Saavedra Sandra L - - 2012
The severity of myelomeningocele (MMC) stems both from a loss of neurons due to neural tube defect and a loss of function in viable neurons due to reduced movement experience during the first year after birth. In young infants with MMC, the challenge is to reinforce excitability and voluntary control ...
Noakes Paul S PS Human Development and Health Academic Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Long-chain n-3 PUFAs found in oily fish may have a role in lowering the risk of allergic disease. The objective was to assess whether an increased intake of oily fish in pregnancy modifies neonatal immune responses and early markers of atopy. Women (n = 123) were randomly assigned to continue ...
Balaluka Ghislain B - - 2012
Malnutrition is a major public health problem in developing countries and exclusive breastfeeding is an efficient strategy that can be used to prevent malnutrition and reduce child mortality. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of community volunteers in promoting exclusive breastfeeding from birth in an area ...
Bhat Y R - - 2012
Better understanding of the clinical characteristics of ABO haemolytic disease in neonates helps optimise care. To assess the morbidity associated with maternal-neonatal ABO incompatibility. Neonates with blood groups A or B born to mothers with blood group O with simultaneous rhesus blood factor compatibility were studied prospectively. Maternal and neonatal ...
Prashanth Gowda Parameshwar - - 2012
Elective high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in preterm infants is known to be as effective as conventional ventilation in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia without the risk of increased mortality or brain damage. To document the feasibility and safety of early use of HFOV in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome ...
Bahman Bijari Bahare - - 2012
Objective. Touch is one of the first strong positive senses that develop in neonate. Therapeutic touch could be considered as a complementary treatment in Neonate intensive care units (NICU). Methods. This quasi-experimental study was conducted to compare the effect of Yakson and GHT on behavioral reaction of preterm infants hospitalized ...
Rythén Marianne - - 2012
Preterm birth is associated with medical complications and treatments postnatally and disturbances in growth and development. Primary and permanent teeth develop during this postnatal period. The overall aim of the present thesis was to elucidate the effects of preterm birth and postnatal complications on oral health and the dentoalveolar development ...
Sadoh W E - - 2012
In caucasian newborns, troponin T (cTnT) is a specific marker for myocardial injury in perinatal asphyxia. This is the first such study in negroid neonates. To evaluate myocardial injury in a group of asphyxiated African newborns and determine the influence of mode of delivery on cTnT levels. Serum cTnT and ...
Yoffe Stuart J - - 2012
This study was conducted to determine if a parent-oriented educational intervention reduces the use of emergency department (ED) services for the care of infants. Compared with parents in the control group, parents receiving a specific educational intervention booklet showed significantly lower use of ED services for care of their infants.
Barlow Steven M - - 2012
The nonnutritive suck (NNS) is an observable and accessible motor behavior which is often used to make inference about brain development and pre-feeding skill in preterm and term infants. The purpose of this study was to model NNS burst compression pressure dynamics in the frequency and time domain among two ...
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