Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 623
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Smith S L - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that massage would improve autonomic nervous system (ANS) function as measured by heart rate variability (HRV) in preterm infants. Medically stable, 29- to 32-week preterm infants (17 massage, 20 control) were enrolled in a masked, randomized longitudinal study. Licensed massage therapists provided the massage or control ...
Wen Jian G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference of voiding pattern between newborns with and those without hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). METHODS: Forty hospitalized newborns aged 4-21 days were included in this study. Twenty-one were preterm newborns with HIE, and the remaining 19 preterm newborns were without HIE. The voided volume, postvoid residual ...
Aydemir Ozge - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate the value of fecal calprotectin in diagnosis and predicting severity of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. Methods: A prospective controlled study was conducted including preterm infants with stage 2-3 NEC, and birth weight and gestational age-matched controls. Fecal samples were obtained both at the time ...
Rödl S - - 2012
The objective of this investigation was to compare different scoring systems to assess the severity of illness in infants with bronchiolitis admitted to a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Over an 18-year period (1990-2007), infants with bronchiolitis aged up to 12 months and admitted to the PICU were prospectively scored ...
Picaud Jc - - 2012
Aim:  Premature birth is frequent in infants conceived with assisted reproductive technologies (ART). We sought to determine whether neonatal outcome in ART preterm infants differs from that of spontaneously conceived (SC) preterm infants. Methods:  Data were prospectively collected in infants born ≤32 weeks after ART or SC. We calculated a ...
den Hertog Jolanda - - 2012
BackgroundDefecation problems occur frequently in infants. A clearer insight into the normal defecation pattern is required to gain a better understanding of abnormal defecation.AimTo describe the defecation pattern of healthy infants in The Netherlands.MethodsFrom a research population of 1175 healthy Dutch infants, 600 infants without any complaints were selected. The ...
Hayashi Kazuko - - 2012
This study examined EEG under clinical anesthesia in neonates and infants, to clarify how growth affects EEG during anesthesia. Subjects comprised 62 neonates and infants. Patients were divided into four groups according to age: Group 1 (neonates), <1 month; Group 2, 1-2 months; Group 3, 3-5 months; and Group 4, ...
Mahaveer Ajit - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Impaired early protein intake in very preterm infants contributes to early growth failure and may affect long-term neurocognitive development. The authors have previously shown that a standardized concentrated neonatal parenteral nutrition (scNPN) formulation can improve the efficiency of early protein administration. They recognized that very early protein intake could ...
Ong E G P EG Department of Paediatric Surgery, University College London Institute of Child Health and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, - - 2012
Addition of glutamine to parenteral nutrition in surgical infants remains controversial. The aim of this trial was to determine whether glutamine supplementation of parenteral nutrition in infants requiring surgery would reduce the time to full enteral feeding and/or decrease the incidence of sepsis and septicaemia. A prospective double-blind multicentre randomized ...
Yamasaki Chika - - 2012
Objective:  To evaluate the efficacy and safety of early administration of Bifidobacterium bifidum OLB6378 (B. bifidum) on accelerating enteral feeding and bacterial colonization in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Methods:  We conducted a single-center prospective pilot study. Thirty-six VLBW infants were randomly divided into 2 groups: Group E, wherein B. bifidum was ...
Karch Dominik - - 2012
Movement variation constitutes a crucial feature of infant motor development. Reduced variation of spontaneous infant movements, i.e. stereotyped movements, may indicate severe neurological deficit at an early stage. Hitherto evaluation of movement variation has been mainly restricted to subjective assessment based on observation. This article introduces a method for quantitative ...
Cavari Yuval - - 2012
To determine whether non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) delivered via nasal prongs can alleviate the need for tracheal intubation and invasive ventilation in infants admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with impending respiratory failure, and to find predictive factors for success or failure with this mode. A single ...
Tsubahara Mayuko M Department of Pediatrics, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2012
The intrauterine environment affects the development of insulin resistance in adulthood. To determine the influence of foetal growth restriction on glucose metabolism, we assessed indices of insulin sensitivity soon after birth in very premature infants. Blood samples were collected at birth from 52 premature infants with a gestational age of ...
Lucas da Silva Paulo Sérgio - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the performance of the Transport Risk Index of Physiologic Stability (TRIPS) score at admission for early mortality prediction.Methods The study included all consecutive outborn infants admitted to a single neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over a 3-year period. The data collected included demographic variables, 7-day NICU mortality, ...
Zagol Kelley - - 2012
To compare the frequency and severity of apneic events in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants before and after blood transfusions using continuous electronic waveform analysis. We continuously collected waveform, heart rate, and oxygen saturation data from patients in all 45 neonatal intensive care unit beds at the University of ...
Coker-Bolt Patty P Division of Occupation Therapy, College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the effects of oral motor stimulation on infants born with complex univentricle anatomy who required surgery shortly after birth. A quasi-experimental group design was used to compare 18 infants receiving an oral motor stimulation program with 10 infants who did not ...
Leaf Alison - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Growth-restricted preterm infants are at increased risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and initiation of enteral feeding is frequently delayed. There is no evidence that this delay is beneficial and it might further compromise nutrition and growth.METHODS:Infants with gestation below 35 weeks, birth weight below the 10th centile, and abnormal ...
Haward Marlyse F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To examine whether parents' delivery room management decisions for extremely preterm infants are influenced by (1) the degree of detail with which options (comfort care [CC] or intensive care [IC]) are presented or (2) their order of presentation.METHODS:A total of 309 volunteers, 18 to 55 years old, were each randomized ...
Huang June-Hui - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the impact of low birth weight and preterm birth on a toddler's inattention and development, including cognitive, language, motor, social-emotional and adaptive behaviors. A total of 105 toddlers enrolled for the study; they were divided into four groups: 40 full-term and normal ...
Rhein Lawrence M - - 2012
Objective. To determine whether pulmonary follow-up affects rates of rehospitalization and visitations to emergency departments (EDs) in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods. In this retrospective cohort study, the authors identified all preterm infants born at ≤32 weeks' gestation with at least one outpatient visit to a pulmonary follow-up ...
Vimalesvaran Sunitha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Balloon atrial septostomy is a common palliative procedure in neonates with cyanotic congenital heart disease with restricted interatrial blood flow. Despite its advantages, balloon atrial septostomy is not a risk-free procedure and can be associated with numerous complications. The objective of this study is to determine whether the performance ...
Osterholm Erin A - - 2012
Mounting epidemiologic evidence and animal models suggest that stressful conditions during the intrauterine period may increase susceptibility to several adult conditions, including metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and psychiatric disorders. Increased cortisol levels due to alterations in the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis are believed to be one mediating mechanism. ...
Parvex Paloma - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased prenatal diagnosis of congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), no reliable renal marker for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has been validated yet in neonates. Cystatin C (CysC) is specific to the neonate and is proposed as a sensitive marker for this population. The ...
Cetinkaya Bengü - - 2012
Çetinkaya B, Başbakkal Z. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2012; 18: 164-169 The effectiveness of aromatherapy massage using lavender oil as a treatment for infantile colic The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage using lavender oil as a possible treatment for this condition. This ...
Zivić Ljubica - - 2012
Nowadays development of techniques enables detection of hearing impairment in a very short time, immediately after birth by using otoacoustic emissions. They are low-pitched sounds produced in physiologically clear cochlea and can be recorded in cochlear outer meatus. By this method, complete data are found on a whole presynaptic auditory ...
Engdahl Johan - - 2012
The present study investigates adult imitations of infant vocalizations in a cross-linguistic perspective. Japanese-learning and Swedish-learning infants were recorded at ages 16-21 and 78-79 weeks. Vowel-like utterances (n=210) were selected from the recordings and presented to Japanese (n=3) and Swedish (n=3) adults. The adults were asked to imitate what they ...
Rassi Anis - - 2012
The authors report the case of a female infant with Group III (or Grade III) megaesophagus secondary to vector-borne Chagas disease, resulting in severe malnutrition that reversed after surgery (Heller technique). The infant was then treated with the antiparasitic drug benznidazole, and the infection was cured, as demonstrated serologically and ...
Törölä Helena - - 2012
The vocalization of preterm infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) up to the expansion stage was systematically described and compared with those of healthy full-term infants. The sample consisted of 18 preterm ELBW infants and the control group of 11 full-term infants. The follow-up was performed intensively using video-recordings. ...
Masoura S - - 2012
The aim of the study was to examine the impact of pre-eclampsia on neonatal outcomes of late preterm deliveries. A retrospective study was conducted, enrolling pregnancies delivered between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation during the period 2004-2007 in a large tertiary center. Pregnancies were divided in group ...
Chaudhari Sudha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the growth, adiposity and blood pressure of non-handicapped low birthweight children at 18 years. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Infants born between 1987-1989 with birthweight less than 2000g, discharged from a neonatal special care unit of a referral hospital and followed up till the age of 18 ...
Olusanya B O - - 2012
Objective: To determine the pattern of head growth and the early postnatal nutritional status of microcephalic infants in a low-income country. Materials and Methods: A cohort study in Lagos, Nigeria in which the head growth of full-term singletons within the first postnatal check-up at 6-8 weeks was evaluated using the ...
Törölä Helena - - 2012
The aim of this study was to systematically describe the preverbal development of preterm infants from canonical babbling up to the first word and to compare it with that of healthy full-term infants. In addition, the amount of vocalization between the preterm and full-term groups was compared. The sample consisted ...
Meneses Jucille - - 2012
To determine among preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome whether the use of early nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) vs nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) decreases the need for invasive ventilation within the first 72 hours of life. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and clinicaltrials.gov ...
Ozkiraz Servet - - 2012
Background:  To determine the effects of severe hyperbilirubinemia on vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP). Methods:  A prospective study was designed. Seventeen term infants who suffered from severe hyperbilirubinemia in the postnatal first five days of age were included in the study group. The control group consists of 17 healthy term ...
van Vliet Elvira O G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare neonatal morbidity and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome between very preterm infants with placental underperfusion and very preterm infants with histological chorioamnionitis. STUDY DESIGN: We measured the mental and motor development at age 2 and 7 years in 51 very preterm infants with ...
Saldeño Y P - - 2012
Objective:Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common condition among preterm infants. Controversy exists regarding the risk-benefit ratio of early closure of PDAs by either medical or surgical treatments. On the other hand, potential morbidities associated with no or delayed closure has not been well studied. The objective of the study ...
Kuo Kuang-Che - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) sepsis is a fetal disease with rapid progressive shock for infants and children in hospital and in the community, without initial treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Because underlying risk factors remain unclear for affected patients, it is still difficult for early diagnosis and therapy. Recently, ABO ...
Nesterenko Tetyana H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Newborns exposed to oxygen suffer from an oxidative stress with significant alterations in the concentrations of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSSG). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biological and clinical effects of oxygen administration to delivering mothers. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial on a cohort of delivering ...
Stritzke Amelie I - - 2012
ObjectiveTo evaluate the association between blood transfusion in previous 2 days and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units in Canada.Patients and MethodsUsing the Canadian Neonatal Network database of admissions to neonatal intensive care units from 2003 to 2008, cases with NEC were matched with controls ...
Shahid R - - 2012
(1) To determine whether infants born to O+ mothers who had selective cord-blood testing would have higher rates of clinically significant hyperbilirubinemia compared with those newborns who had routine cord-blood testing. (2) To determine the amount of cost savings by implementing a policy of selective cord-blood testing in newborns born ...
Safranow Krzysztof K Department of Biochemistry and Medical Chemistry, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, - - 2012
The most common morbidities in preterm infants are associated with vascular pathology. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been implicated in repair of the vasculature, but their role in the pathogenesis of prematurity complications is not clear. We prospectively investigated an association between the number of EPCs circulating in blood during ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2012
To evaluate whether meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is a risk factor for neonatal hypoglycemia. Retrospective recording of medical charts of full-term infants born following observation of meconium-stained amniotic fluid to examine glucose levels in the first hours of life. Out of 803 infants of the study group, 68 (8.5%) had ...
Alsweiler Jane M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:The optimal treatment of neonatal hyperglycemia is unclear. The aim of this trial was to determine whether tight glycemic control with insulin improves growth in hyperglycemic preterm infants, without increasing the incidence of hypoglycemia.METHODS:Randomized, controlled, nonblinded trial of 88 infants born at <30 weeks' gestation or <1500 g who developed ...
Bjorn Cools - - 2012
A very low birth weight infant with severe aortic coarctation developed progressive left ventricular dysfunction and pulmonary overflow with hemorrhage, while receiving prostaglandins. To avoid morbidity from conventional surgery or percutaneous intervention, a 2-step strategy was performed at a weight of 970 g. First vascular access was obtained through sternotomy ...
Bojan Mirela - - 2012
Background:  The efficacy of aprotinin, the most popular antifibrinolytic agent in congenital cardiac surgery, was still uncertain in small infants when its prophylactic use was suspended for safety reasons. The aim of this study is to describe associations between the prophylactic use of high-dose aprotinin, the need for blood product ...
Soubasi Vassiliki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In preterm infants with IVH the electrocortical background activity is affected and there is a correlation between the severity of cerebral injury to the degree of depression, however the usefulness of the early aEEG recordings has hardly been determined. AIM: To identify early aEEG features that could be used ...
Salvador Agnes - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of cholestasis in very low birth weight infants receiving cycled versus continuous parenteral nutrition, and to determine factors that predispose to parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC). STUDY DESIGN: Preterm infants weighing ≤1250 g (n = 70) at birth were randomly assigned within the first 5 postnatal ...
Averin Konstantin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of vocal cord (VC) and swallowing dysfunction in infants after the Norwood operation and to examine the relationship between laryngopharyngeal dysfunction and postoperative outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 63 infants who underwent routine postoperative fiberoptic endoscopic ...
Stenger Michael R - - 2012
To describe inter-center hospital variation in inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) administration to infants born prior to 34 weeks' gestation at US children's hospitals. This was a retrospective cohort study using the Pediatric Health Information System to determine the frequency, age at first administration, and length of iNO use among 22 699 ...
Verkerk Gijs - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP©) improved motor function at 24months, and mental and behavioural development in high risk subgroups of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. AIM: To determine IBAIP's effects on executive functioning, behaviour and cognition at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN: Follow-up of a randomised ...
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