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Harris Deborah L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Routine blood glucose screening is recommended for babies at risk of neonatal hypoglycemia. However, the incidence of hypoglycemia in those screened is not well described. We sought to determine the incidence of hypoglycemia in babies identified as being at risk, and also to determine differences in incidence between at ...
Daniels L A - - 2012
Objective:To evaluate a universal obesity prevention intervention, which commenced at infant age 4-6 months, using outcome data assessed 6 months after completion of the first of two intervention modules and 9 months from baseline.Design:Randomised controlled trial of a community-based early feeding intervention.Subjects and methods:Six hundred and ninety-eight first-time mothers (mean ...
Corchia Carlo - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To investigate the relationships between mortality of infants <32 weeks gestation and neonatal intensive care units' (NICUs) volume of activity, daily number of high-dependent infants (HDIs) and geographical area in Italy. Methods: The study involved 105 neonatal units in 2005. Data were collected prospectically and through monthly cross-sectional ...
Gouyon J-B - - 2013
This study was conducted during the 2008-2009 respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) season in France to compare hospitalization rates for bronchiolitis (RSV-confirmed and all types) between very preterm infants (<33 weeks' gestational age, WGA) without bronchopulmonary dysplasia and full-term infants (39-41 WGA) matched for date of birth, gender and birth location, ...
Kernbach-Wighton G - - 2012
Intra-alveolar deposits of haemosiderin have repeatedly been brought into connection with some diagnostic value, such as markers for previous imposed suffocation, smothering due to Munchausen syndrome by proxy or sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This study is based on 104 SIDS cases and 14 controls (causes of death, e.g. inflammatory ...
Nguyen Thinh P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether survival is different in "early" (23(0/7)-23(3/7) weeks) vs "late" (23(4/7)-23(6/7) weeks) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Records of 126 consecutive liveborn infants delivered at 23(0/7) to 23(6/7) weeks' gestation from 2001-2010 were examined using the Vermont Oxford Network database. Infants born at 23 0/7 to 23 3/7 weeks ...
De Kegel A - - 2012
Background  The Alberta Infant Motor Scales (AIMS) is a reliable and valid assessment tool to evaluate the motor performance from birth to independent walking. This study aimed to determine whether the Canadian reference values on the AIMS from 1990-1992 are still useful tor Flemish infants, assessed in 2007-2010. Additionally, the ...
Williams O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Improved neonatal survival data have been reported following early preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) prior to 25weeks gestation with a prolonged latency to delivery and persistent oligohydramnios. However, data regarding long-term respiratory and neurological morbidity are lacking. AIMS: To evaluate the respiratory and neurological outcome data at two ...
Singh Leher - - 2012
Infants' abilities to discriminate native and non-native phonemes have been extensively investigated in monolingual learners, demonstrating a transition from language-general to language-specific sensitivities over the first year after birth. However, these studies have mostly been limited to the study of vowels and consonants in monolingual learners. There is relatively little ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik - - 2012
Background: The use of air for the initial resuscitation of newborn infants has been shown to reduce neonatal mortality. However, a precise estimate of the neurodevelopmental status upon follow-up of infants resuscitated in air is lacking. Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of all studies reporting resuscitation of newborn infants with ...
Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of slow vs rapid rates of advancement of enteral feed volumes on the clinical outcomes in preterm infants with 750-1250 g birth weight. Study Design: A total of 92 stable neonates 750-1250 g and gestational age <32 weeks were randomly allocated to enteral feeding advancement ...
Koletzko Berthold - - 2012
The Early Nutrition Academy and the Child Health Foundation, in collaboration with the Committee on Nutrition, European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, held a workshop in March 2011 to explore guidance on acquiring evidence on the effects of nutritional interventions in infants and young children. The four objectives ...
Peña Zarza Jose Antonio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) levels are increased in children with asthma and in infants with recurrent wheezing, but the role of FENO in the acute phase of bronchiolitis is still not defined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate FENO values in the acute phase of ...
Wolovits Joshua S - - 2012
Adequate enteral nutrition and growth are vital to recovery and survival of infants following palliation for univentricular hearts. This group of patients experiences frequent feeding complications that may impede adequate delivery of enteral nutrition. This review presents the most recent data related to feeding practices, growth patterns and outcomes. It ...
Isaza Gloria - - 2012
To analyze incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among extremely premature infants. Retrospective, longitudinal study. We studied the data concerning 207 infants whose gestational ages (GAs) were equal to 27 weeks or fewer and who were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between July 2006 and July ...
Amer Muhammad - - 2012
AIMS: To evaluate incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and validity of current ROP screening criteria adopted in the Armed Forces Hospitals. METHODS: A retrospective study of ROP indices was carried out in infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit in Khamis Mushait, Saudi Arabia, from January 2009 to ...
Viswanathan Sreekanth - - 2012
In an attempt to determine the risk factors associated with the need for a tracheostomy in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, a retrospective, case control study was conducted (each infant with a tracheostomy [case] was matched to two controls). Medical records were reviewed for patients' characteristics, risk factors for ...
Chen Ying-Yao - - 2012
Background:  Beginning 2007, we modified the intratracheal route of epinephrine to end massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in our hospital. We sought to assess the change in outcomes for these infants, and to evaluate the risk factors of MPH. Methods:  According to the data ...
Menon Shaji C - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to characterize the outcomes and resource utilization of all infants born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) in the Intermountain West. This was a retrospective cohort study of all infants born with HLHS in the Intermountain West from January 1995 and January 2010. ...
Duman Nuray - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess whether the addition of volume guarantee (VG) to triggered ventilation decreases the duration of ventilation in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: Infants were randomized into two groups to initially receive either assist/control ...
Guzoglu Nilufer - - 2012
OBJECTIVES AND AIMIVF has become an efficient and widely used treatment for infertile couples, however, it is responsible for an increasing number of multifetal pregnancies and adverse neonatal outcomes. This study aimed to assess a health service utilization in one neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), as a response to the ...
Shah Parag K - - 2012
ObjectiveTo describe aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) in a subset of premature babies, having gestational age (GA) of ≥28 weeks and birth weight (BW) of ≥1000 g.DesignRetrospective observational case series.Setting and PatientsCase records of 99 babies, who were diagnosed to have APROP between July 2002 and October 2010 were ...
Singh Bindya S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to assess the use of newer sidestream microstream end tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO(2) ) device in predicting blood carbon dioxide (PCO(2) ) measurements in very low birth weight (VLBW = birth weight <1,500 g) and non-VLBW NICU neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Sidestream microstream ETCO(2) detectors were allowed time to ...
Bassan Haim - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To delineate the impact of early (≤25 days of life) versus late (>25 days) external ventricular drainage (EVD) on the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) following intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). METHODS: We retrospectively categorized 32 premature infants with PHH into two groups according to whether they ...
Pozo-Rubio Tamara - - 2012
PURPOSE: In addition to genetic risk, environmental factors might influence coeliac disease (CD) development. We sought to assess the effect of the interaction between milk-feeding practices and the HLA-DQ genotype on peripheral lymphocyte subsets and their activation markers in infants at familial risk for CD. METHODS: 170 newborns were classified ...
Walker Karen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain developmental differences between term infants after major noncardiac surgery and cardiac surgery compared with healthy control infants in New South Wales, Australia. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective population-based cohort study enrolled infants between August 1, 2006, and December 31, 2008, who required major noncardiac surgery within the first ...
Flink Ilse J E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess whether the health-related quality of life of infants from ethnic minority groups differs from the health-related quality of life of native Dutch infants and to evaluate whether infant health and family characteristics explain the potential differences. METHODS: We included 4,506 infants participating in the Generation R Study, ...
Arboleya Silvia - - 2012
Metagenomic studies on the gut microbiota of preterm infants are scarce. We characterized the microbiota of 10 days-old neonates by deep 16S rRNA gene metagenomic analysis and compare the results with those obtained by qPCR. Both techniques lead to similar conclusions, allowing differentiating between preterm and full-term infants.
Sari Fatma Nur - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the growth and neurodevelopment outcomes of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants supplemented with oral probiotics for the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Study Design This prospective follow-up study was conducted in a cohort of VLBW preterm infants enrolled in a randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy ...
Landry Marc-Antoine - - 2012
ObjectiveTo determine the accuracy of axillary temperature relative to core rectal temperature during whole-body therapeutic hypothermia for moderate-to-severe hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy.DesignRetrospective audit.SettingSingle tertiary neonatal intensive care unit at The Royal Women's Hospital in Australia.PatientsFifty-eight term newborn infants with moderate-to-severe hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. Forty infants were treated with whole-body hypothermia between February 2001 ...
Soraisham A S - - 2012
Objective:The objective of this study is to examine the neurodevelopmental outcome at 30 to 42 months corrected age of preterm infants with histological chorioamnionitis (HCA).Study Design:The study design is a retrospective cohort study with a prospective follow-up. All surviving infants with birth gestational age <29 weeks, born between 2000 and ...
Fernández-Carrocera Luis Alberto LA Neonatology Department, Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, Montes Urales 800 CP 11000, - - 2013
A randomised, double-blind clinical trial was undertaken in order to assess the effectiveness of probiotics in the prevention of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in newborns weighing <1500 g. We studied a group of 150 patients who were randomised in two groups after parental consent was obtained, to receive either a daily ...
Woodhead N - - 2012
Studies performed previously have attributed increased risk of intrapartum anoxia to delivery outside the normal working week. We sought to determine if the time of delivery effects outcome with respect to delivery characteristics and neonatal condition at birth. We identified a cohort of 14,426 deliveries over a 3-year period. These ...
Mullany Luke C - - 2012
: Randomized trials from South Asia indicate umbilical cord chlorhexidine cleansing reduces mortality and omphalitis. No community-based data are available on bacteriological profile of the cord, early neonatal colonization dynamics, or impact of cord cleansing on colonizing organisms. Such data could clarify the design of scaled chlorhexidine interventions. : Umbilical ...
Ascher S B - - 2012
We sought to describe the incidence, pathogen distribution, and mortality associated with blood culture-proven sepsis in young infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Cohort study of all blood cultures obtained from infants with CHD between 4 and 120 days of age cared ...
Paes B - - 2012
We examined the dosing regimens, compliance, and outcomes of premature infants who received palivizumab within the Canadian Registry of Palivizumab (CARESS). Infants receiving ≥1 dose of palivizumab during the 2006-2011 respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) seasons were recruited across 30 sites. Respiratory illness events were captured monthly. Infants ≤32 completed weeks ...
Bigelow Ann - - 2012
To investigate the effect of mother/infant skin-to-skin contact (SSC) on mothers' postpartum depressive symptoms during the first 3 postpartum months and their physiological stress during the first postpartum month. Longitudinal quasi-experiment. Data were collected during home visits. Mothers in the SSC group (n = 30) provided approximately 5 hours per ...
Smith S L - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that massage would improve autonomic nervous system (ANS) function as measured by heart rate variability (HRV) in preterm infants. Medically stable, 29- to 32-week preterm infants (17 massage, 20 control) were enrolled in a masked, randomized longitudinal study. Licensed massage therapists provided the massage or control ...
Wen Jian G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference of voiding pattern between newborns with and those without hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). METHODS: Forty hospitalized newborns aged 4-21 days were included in this study. Twenty-one were preterm newborns with HIE, and the remaining 19 preterm newborns were without HIE. The voided volume, postvoid residual ...
Aydemir Ozge - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate the value of fecal calprotectin in diagnosis and predicting severity of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. Methods: A prospective controlled study was conducted including preterm infants with stage 2-3 NEC, and birth weight and gestational age-matched controls. Fecal samples were obtained both at the time ...
Rödl S - - 2012
The objective of this investigation was to compare different scoring systems to assess the severity of illness in infants with bronchiolitis admitted to a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Over an 18-year period (1990-2007), infants with bronchiolitis aged up to 12 months and admitted to the PICU were prospectively scored ...
Picaud Jc - - 2012
Aim:  Premature birth is frequent in infants conceived with assisted reproductive technologies (ART). We sought to determine whether neonatal outcome in ART preterm infants differs from that of spontaneously conceived (SC) preterm infants. Methods:  Data were prospectively collected in infants born ≤32 weeks after ART or SC. We calculated a ...
den Hertog Jolanda - - 2012
BackgroundDefecation problems occur frequently in infants. A clearer insight into the normal defecation pattern is required to gain a better understanding of abnormal defecation.AimTo describe the defecation pattern of healthy infants in The Netherlands.MethodsFrom a research population of 1175 healthy Dutch infants, 600 infants without any complaints were selected. The ...
Hayashi Kazuko - - 2012
This study examined EEG under clinical anesthesia in neonates and infants, to clarify how growth affects EEG during anesthesia. Subjects comprised 62 neonates and infants. Patients were divided into four groups according to age: Group 1 (neonates), <1 month; Group 2, 1-2 months; Group 3, 3-5 months; and Group 4, ...
Mahaveer Ajit - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Impaired early protein intake in very preterm infants contributes to early growth failure and may affect long-term neurocognitive development. The authors have previously shown that a standardized concentrated neonatal parenteral nutrition (scNPN) formulation can improve the efficiency of early protein administration. They recognized that very early protein intake could ...
Ong E G P EG Department of Paediatric Surgery, University College London Institute of Child Health and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, - - 2012
Addition of glutamine to parenteral nutrition in surgical infants remains controversial. The aim of this trial was to determine whether glutamine supplementation of parenteral nutrition in infants requiring surgery would reduce the time to full enteral feeding and/or decrease the incidence of sepsis and septicaemia. A prospective double-blind multicentre randomized ...
Yamasaki Chika - - 2012
Objective:  To evaluate the efficacy and safety of early administration of Bifidobacterium bifidum OLB6378 (B. bifidum) on accelerating enteral feeding and bacterial colonization in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Methods:  We conducted a single-center prospective pilot study. Thirty-six VLBW infants were randomly divided into 2 groups: Group E, wherein B. bifidum was ...
Karch Dominik - - 2012
Movement variation constitutes a crucial feature of infant motor development. Reduced variation of spontaneous infant movements, i.e. stereotyped movements, may indicate severe neurological deficit at an early stage. Hitherto evaluation of movement variation has been mainly restricted to subjective assessment based on observation. This article introduces a method for quantitative ...
Cavari Yuval - - 2012
To determine whether non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) delivered via nasal prongs can alleviate the need for tracheal intubation and invasive ventilation in infants admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with impending respiratory failure, and to find predictive factors for success or failure with this mode. A single ...
Tsubahara Mayuko M Department of Pediatrics, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2012
The intrauterine environment affects the development of insulin resistance in adulthood. To determine the influence of foetal growth restriction on glucose metabolism, we assessed indices of insulin sensitivity soon after birth in very premature infants. Blood samples were collected at birth from 52 premature infants with a gestational age of ...
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