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Results 101 - 150 of 631
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Condie Joy - - 2012
BACKGROUND: As the likelihood of survival improves over time, the BW- and GA-specific boundaries of discretionary non-resuscitation should fall. HYPOTHESIS: Between 1988 and 2008 reductions in BW- and GA- specific mortality would drive a parallel reduction in BW and GA boundaries of discretionary resuscitation. METHODS: We determined the likelihood of ...
Goldsmith Jay P - - 2012
As recently as the year 2000, 100% oxygen was recommended to begin resuscitation of depressed newborns in the delivery room. However, the most recent recommendations of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation counsel the prudent use of oxygen during resuscitation. In term and preterm infants, oxygen therapy should be guided ...
Chilakala S K - - 2012
Urachal diverticulum is an infrequent finding and its perforation as a cause of fetal urinary ascites has not been reported before. This is a case report on an infant with antenatal diagnosis of fetal ascites. This infant was delivered via cesarean section and needed mechanical ventilation owing to a massive ...
Cunha Andréa Baraldi - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to verify the influence of a short-duration training session on proximal and distal adjustments at the onset of goal-directed reaching and to verify whether these adjustments change in specificity with the body position trained. Twenty-four infants aged 3-4 months were assessed in supine and ...
Kobayashi Megumi - - 2012
We studied whether 5-month-old to 8-month-old infants process faces in a size-invariant manner by applying the fNIRS-adaptation paradigm used in our previous study. We used near-infrared spectroscopy to measure hemodynamic responses in the temporal regions of infants' brains during the repeated presentation of an identical face and different faces while ...
Poets Christian F - - 2012
There is an increasing trend towards delivery before 39 weeks of gestational age. The short- and long-term effects of early delivery on the infant have only recently received scientific attention. Selective review of the literature Delivery at any time before 39 weeks is associated with significantly higher infant mortality and ...
Abend Nicholas S - - 2012
Neonatal seizures are common, often require EEG monitoring for diagnosis and management, may be associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcome, and can often be treated with existing anticonvulsants. A neonatal electrographic seizure is defined as a sudden, repetitive, evolving, and stereotyped event of abnormal electrographic pattern with amplitude of at least ...
Zores Claire - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Infant crying is a major expression of distress and can occur without any exogenous stimulation. Little is known, however, about the effects of crying on physiological homeostasis in very preterm infants (VPIs). METHODS: Environmental, behavioral (video and audio recording) and physiologic (heart rate [HR], respiratory rate [RR], and systemic ...
Vashishtha Vipin M - - 2012
We describe an outbreak of Trichosporon asahii in 8 newborn infants with sepsis. Six out of these 8 infants died. The organism was identified on specific culture and morphologic characteristics. The organism was sensitive to amphotericin-B but resistant to fluconazole. Laminar flow unit was suspected to be the source of ...
Matthews Danielle - - 2012
Despite its importance in the development of children's skills of social cognition and communication, very little is known about the ontogenetic origins of the pointing gesture. We report a training study in which mothers gave children one month of extra daily experience with pointing as compared with a control group ...
O'Donnell Colm Pf - - 2012
Resuscitation of newborns has been described since ancient times and is among the most commonly performed emergency medical interventions. The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation first made recommendations on resuscitation in newborns in 1999. Over the last decade, new research and careful review of the available evidence have resulted in ...
Stone Nancy I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: the practical training in midwifery education in Germany takes place predominantly in hospital delivery wards, where high rates of intervention and caesarean section prevail. When midwives practice birth assistance at free-standing birth centres, they have to make adjustments to what they learned in the clinic to support women without ...
Zanardo Vincenzo V Department of Pediatrics, Padua University, Via Giustiniani 3 35128 Padua, Italy. - - 2012
The aim was to examine the relationship between neonatal white blood cell (WBC) count and the diagnosis of histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA). We measured WBC, a widely used marker of inflammation, to evaluate whether the values at birth were associated with HCA. NICU, Department of Pediatrics of Padua University, Padua, Italy. ...
Rastogi Shantanu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of information on the weaning of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants. As the weaning from NCPAP can be gradual or sudden we wanted to determine which of the two methods was better. METHODS: A prospective randomized trial was conducted to compare the ...
Srinivasakumar Preethi - - 2012
Objective This study evaluates the impact of ventricular dilatation following severe (grades III or IV) intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm neonates and the current practice of neurosurgical interventions in infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) and early neurodevelopmental outcome.Study Design Premature neonates born at ≤34 weeks' gestational ages with severe ...
Vijlbrief D C - - 2012
Background: Little is known about the effects of hypothermia on the cardiovascular system in term newborns with neonatal encephalopathy. Objectives: To evaluate whether mild hypothermia for neonatal encephalopathy is cardioprotective as indicated by the cardiac biomarkers cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). Methods: This was an observational ...
Soll Roger F - - 2012
Background: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in term infants with hypoxic respiratory failure. The pathophysiology of respiratory failure and the potential risks of iNO differ substantially in preterm infants, necessitating study in this population. Objectives: To determine the effect of treatment with iNO on death, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular ...
Prata Ndola - - 2012
A 50-fold disparity in maternal mortality exists between high- and low-income countries, and in most contexts, the single most common cause of maternal death is postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). In Bangladesh, as in many other low-income countries, the majority of deliveries are conducted at home by traditional birth attendants (TBAs) or ...
Thunström Maria - - 2012
Rejections of infants among non-human primates occasionally occur in the wild as well as in captive settings. Controlled adoptions of orphans and introductions of individuals into new groups are therefore sometimes necessary in captivity. Consequently, behavioral research on integration procedures and on the acceptance of infants by adoptive mothers is ...
Attridge Joshua T - - 2012
Objectives To determine if surfactant can be effectively administered to larger preterm babies by laryngeal mask airway (LMA), reducing the need for supplemental oxygen.Study Design Enrollment criteria: birth weight > 1200 g, < 72 hours old, treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for respiratory distress syndrome, with fraction ...
Mathew Bobby - - 2012
Objective To compare the efficacy of vinyl bags and thermal warming mattresses in preventing hypothermia during delivery room resuscitation and stabilization of extremely low-gestational-age neonates (ELGANs).Study Design Preterm infants 23 to 28 weeks' gestational age were randomly allocated to either vinyl bag or thermal mattress group at delivery to prevent ...
Slicker Julie - - 2012
Failure to thrive is common in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and its variants and those with poor growth may be at risk for worse surgical and neurodevelopmental outcomes. The etiology of growth failure in this population is multifactorial and complex, but may be impacted by nutritional intervention. There ...
Johnson Mark J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Infants born preterm are significantly lighter and shorter on reaching term equivalent age (TEA) than are those born at term, but the relation with body composition is less clear. We conducted a systematic review to assess the body composition at TEA of infants born preterm.METHODS:The databases MEDLINE, Embase, ...
Can Emrah - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The goal of nutrition of the preterm infant is to achieve a postnatal growth approximating normal fetal growth. During the early postnatal period, the protein intake must be sufficient to achieve normal postnatal growth in extremely low birth weight infants. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that higher ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Whether term infants in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have brainstem auditory abnormalities remains to be determined. This study aimed to detect any abnormality in brainstem auditory function in term neonates who are admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods:From a NICU we recruited 55 term neonates ...
Cakmak Bilin Cetinkaya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The imbalance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines may possibly play a role in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. Mannose binding lectin (MBL) codon 54 and interleukin 1 receptor antagonist gene (IL1-RN) polymorphisms cause genetic predisposition to increased risk of infection and inflammation, therefore may increase ...
McCrossan Brian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the sustainability, clinical utility and acceptability to clinicians and parents of a tele-homecare programme for infants with major congenital heart disease (CHD), and to evaluate the impact on healthcare resource use. DESIGN: Randomised control trial. SETTING: UK tertiary congenital cardiac centre. PARTICIPANTS: 83 infants with major CHD. ...
Lazar David A - - 2012
PURPOSE: Despite improvements in the management of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), a number of infants with inadequate gas exchange are treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The objectives of this study were to use the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry to review the outcomes of neonates with ...
Genc Gurkan - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the role of urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) in early determination of renal injury in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).Study Design Forty-eight premature babies hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit were included in the study and divided into three groups: group I, healthy premature ...
Ryan Andrea - - 2012
PURPOSE:To measure and report tear osmolarity in premature infants and to assess the change, if any, that occurs with increasing maturity. METHODS:In a prospective study of consecutive infants born at less than 37 weeks gestational age undergoing screening for retinopathy of prematurity, serial measurements of tear osmolarity were obtained at ...
Menon Shaji C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of associated heart defects on outcomes to discharge, and identify factors affecting survival of all infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in last decade using Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group data. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of all infants with CDH enrolled ...
Chennuri Vasundhara S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the variables affecting serum 17 hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) in neonates born at a tertiary hospital in Mumbai, India. METHODS: Serum 17OHP was measured in peripheral venous blood between 3rd to 5th day of life by competitive radioimmunoassay and on follow up at 3 mo of age. Serum 17OHP was ...
Andrewartha Sarah J - - 2012
Abstract Hypoxic stress can alter conspecific phenotype and additionally alter phenotypes of the filial generation, for example, via maternal or epigenetic processes. Lasting effects can also be seen across development and generations even after stressors have been removed. This study utilized the model of rapidly developing, parthenogenetic Daphnia to examine ...
Das Srikant - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Infants with congenital heart disease having obstruction to the left ventricular outflow and ductal-dependent systemic circulation can present critically ill with shock. Prompt disease recognition and initiation of prostaglandins are necessary to prevent excess morbidity and mortality. We assessed a large cohort of newborn infants with ductal-dependent systemic circulation ...
Sa-Nguanmoo Pattaratida - - 2012
Perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been controlled incompletely despite adequate immunoprophylaxis in infants. The aim of this study was to characterize virological factors of HBV associated with vaccine failure in Thailand. Sera of 14 infected infants (13 HBeAg-positive and one HBeAg-negative) with vaccine failure and their respective ...
Chadha Ashley D - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has been identified as an important cause of lower respiratory tract disease in infants. In patients at high risk, prevention is attempted through immunoprophylaxis with palivizumab. In 2008, as a result of revisions to the American Academy of Pediatrics' guidelines, South Carolina Medicaid reduced the number ...
Goldsmit Gustavo - - 2012
Adequate neonatal transport is a key component in the care of newborn infants that require transfer. Objective. To determine the characteristics and risk of clinical deterioration during neonatal transport. Material and Methods. This was an observational and prospective study that consecutively included newborn infants transferred to the Neonatal Intensive Care ...
Sood Beena G BG Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA. - - 2012
Information on cytokine profiles in fungal sepsis (FS), an important cause of mortality in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants, is lacking. We hypothesized that cytokine profiles in the first 21 d of life in ELBW infants with FS differ from those with bacterial sepsis (BS) or no sepsis (NS). In ...
Restiffe Ana P AP Department of Neurology, Medical School, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2012
To compare gross motor development of preterm infants (PT) without cerebral palsy with healthy full-term (FT) infants, according to Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS); to compare the age of walking between PT and FT; and whether the age of walking in PT is affected by neonatal variables. Prospective study compared ...
Allely C S CS Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, RHSC Yorkhill, Glasgow G3 8SJ, Scotland, United Kingdom. - - 2012
One of the challenges of developmental psychopathology is to determine whether identifiable pathways to developmental disorders exist in the first months or years of life. Early identification of such disorders poses a similar challenge for clinical services. Using data from a large contemporary birth cohort, we examined whether psychopathology at ...
Sakalidis Vanessa S - - 2012
Abstract Background: The impact of cesarean section (CS) birth and pethidine for post-CS epidural analgesia on early breastfeeding behavior is unclear. This study aimed to measure infant sucking and breastfeeding behavior in infants of mothers who delivered by CS (CS group) and used pethidine patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) after CS ...
Bertini Giovanna - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to assess if use of a silver zeolite-impregnated umbilical catheter (AgION technology) can decrease the occurrence of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSIs) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants with gestational age<30weeks were randomized to receive an AgION impregnated or non-impregnated polyurethane umbilical venous catheter (UVC). The ...
Hsu Chien-Lun - - 2012
Ultrasonography is a non-invasive diagnostic technique, and it has been used to detect intracranial lesions in neonates for a long time. Correspondingly, screening tests using cranial ultrasonography have been applied for early detection of intracranial lesions in full-term neonates during the past decade. We retrospectively reviewed the findings of cranial ...
Choi Chang Won - - 2012
A nationwide survey was conducted to determine the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in Korea and the intercenter differences in survival and BPD rates among preterm infants. Questionnaires were sent to all registered neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The questionnaires inquired about the survival and BPD rates of very low ...
Drover James R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in infant formula on language development yield conflicting results. No study to date has investigated the effects of DHA in infant formula on school readiness. AIM: To determine the effects of different dietary concentrations of DHA provided during the first 12months ...
Suzuki Shigeru - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Glycated albumin (GA) reflects glycemic control in patients with neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM). However, GA in NDM patients is apparently low in relation to glycemia. OBJECTIVE: To establish the reference intervals for GA in healthy infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight healthy, full-term newborn infants were used to define the ...
Duran Rıdvan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants are exposed to loud noises during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit which can lead to physiologic and behavioral alterations and even hearing loss. The use of earmuffs can reduce sound level and these changes. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the ...
Gupta-Malhotra Monesha M Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Medical College, Cornell University and College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA. - - 2013
At the present time, there is a trend towards performing open heart surgery at a younger age. Myocardium of infants has been thought to be more vulnerable to cardiopulmonary bypass in comparison with adults. For this study, we evaluated the degree of myocardial injury by measurement of cardiac troponin levels ...
Lee Tzu-Ying - - 2012
AIM: This article is a report of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention on fathering ability, perceived nurse's support and paternal stress after a preterm infant's admission to a neonatal intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: The birth of a premature infant who is admitted to a neonatal intensive ...
Phu Pham V - - 2012
Traditional complementary foods (CF) with a low nutrient density have been implicated in growth faltering, stunting, and other adverse outcomes in children. The efficacy of 2 types of locally produced, micronutrient-fortified CF to prevent stunting of infants living in rural Vietnam was evaluated. In a village-randomized controlled study, 426 infants, ...
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