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Wagh Deepika - - 2013
AIM: Early extubation is desirable in preterm neonates to minimise the risk of complications associated with prolonged intubation. The association of significant pulmonary haemorrhage (PH) with extubation in a cluster of very preterm infants instigated an assessment of ductal and pulmonary haemodynamic effects of early extubation. METHOD: This is a ...
Miyake Christina Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Ventricular arrhythmia related sudden cardiac arrest in infants with structurally normal hearts is rare. There have been no previously published reports of infants less than 3 months of age with ventricular fibrillation in which a primary diagnosis could not be defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: -Retrospective chart review of 3 ...
Moreno Tomas A TA Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether choroidal imaging is feasible in preterm and term infants using an 840-nm portable spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system without the use of enhanced-depth imaging techniques and to assess choroidal development by comparing choroidal thickness of preterm infants, term infants, and adults. SD-OCT images were obtained ...
Richardson Heidi L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants exhibit depressed arousability from sleep when compared with term infants. As the final cortical element of the arousal process may be the most critical for survival, we hypothesized that the increased vulnerability of preterm infants to the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) could be explained by depressed ...
Dold Simone K - - 2013
Objective Effective neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) requires 3:1 coordinated manual inflations (MI) and chest compressions (CC). We hypothesized that playing a musical prompt would help coordinate CC and MI during CPR.Study Design In this pilot trial we studied the effect the "Radetzkymarsch" (110 beats per minute) on neonatal CPR. Thirty-six ...
Burton Pat - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Whether infants use suction or peristaltic tongue movements or a combination to extract milk during breast-feeding is controversial. The aims of this pilot study were 1] to evaluate the feasibility of using 3D ultrasound scanning to visualise infant tongue movements; and 2] to ascertain whether peristaltic tongue movements could ...
Chiarini Marco M Laboratorio Interdipartimentale di Biologia Cellulare e Radiobiologia, Diagnostics Department, Spedali Civili of Brescia Brescia , - - 2013
Since its introduction as a public health programme in the United States in the early 1960s, newborn blood screening (NBS) has evolved from the detection of phenylalanine levels on filter paper to the application of DNA-based technologies to identify T-cell lymphopenia in infants with severe combined immunodeficiency. This latter use ...
Uslu S - - 2013
This paper reports two cases of transient neonatal methemoglobinemia caused by maternal pudendal anesthesia with prilocaine. In the first case a two-hour-old, 3100 gram term-male infant was admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) because of central cyanosis. He was born from a 21-year-old mother with spontaneous vaginal delivery. Central ...
- - 2013
: For certain medical conditions, available data and expert opinion support optimal timing of delivery in the late-preterm or early-term period for improved neonatal and infant outcomes. However, for nonmedically indicated early-term deliveries such an improvement has not been demonstrated. Morbidity and mortality rates are greater among neonates and infants ...
Cunha Andréa Baraldi - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to verify the influence of a short-duration training session on proximal and distal adjustments at the onset of goal-directed reaching and to verify whether these adjustments change in specificity with the body position trained. Twenty-four infants aged 3-4 months were assessed in supine and ...
O'Callahan Cliff - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of office-based frenotomy on reversing breastfeeding difficulties among infants with problematic ankyloglossia, and to examine characteristics associated with anterior and posterior ankyloglossia. METHODS: Mother's of infants who underwent a frenotomy for ankyloglossia from December 2006 through March 2011 completed ...
Brodribb Wendy - - 2013
Background:Recommendations for the introduction of solids and fluids to an infant's diet have changed over the past decade. Since these changes, there has been minimal research to determine patterns in the introduction of foods and fluids to infants.Methods:This retrospective cohort study surveyed mothers who birthed in Queensland, Australia, from February ...
Ross Randal G RG Department of Psychiatry, Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, USA. - - 2013
Deficient cerebral inhibition is a pathophysiological brain deficit related to poor sensory gating and attention in schizophrenia and other disorders. Cerebral inhibition develops perinatally, influenced by genetic and in utero factors. Amniotic choline activates fetal α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and facilitates development of cerebral inhibition. Increasing this activation may protect infants ...
Kaufman Jonathan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To measure tidal volumes (V(T)) and describe the interactions between spontaneous breaths and positive pressure ventilation (PPV) inflations during stabilisation of preterm infants in the delivery room (DR). We used a respiratory function monitor (RFM) to evaluate the first 5 min of mask respiratory support provided to preterm infants. ...
Chamilos Christos - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Peri/intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) is more often seen in premature neonates and can lead to posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus, characterized by high mortality rate and neurodevelopmental delay. CASE REPORT: We report a case of in utero PIVH in a full-term neonate, which led to hydrocephalus. The infant developed at 8 months of gestational ...
Pichler Gerhard - - 2013
AIM OF THE STUDY: During resuscitation no routine cerebral monitoring is available. We aimed at monitoring cerebral activity and oxygenation continuously during neonatal transition and resuscitation. METHODS: Neonates >34 weeks of gestation born via caesarean section were included. Cerebral activity was continuously measured with amplitude-integrated-EEG (aEEG) and cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) ...
Raith Wolfgang - - 2013
Laser acupuncture (LA) becomes more and more relevant in neonates and infants. With near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), a continuous and noninvasive measurement of tissue oxygenation is possible. Aim was to investigate, whether the application of LA was associated with any changes in regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rcSO2) in term and preterm ...
Yoshida Sachine - - 2013
A mother carries her young in many altricial mammals, such as cats, lions, rats and mice. During maternal carrying, the transported young assume a compact posture. We have recently shown that, in both humans and mice, the carried infants immediately calmed down and showed reductions in heart rate, distress vocalizations, ...
Bruel Alexandra A Department of Pediatrics, Nantes University Hospital, University of Nantes, Nantes, - - 2013
Renal failure in neonates is associated with an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. But critical values are not known. To define critical values for serum creatinine levels by gestational age in preterm infants, as a predictive factor for mortality and morbidity. This was a retrospective study of all preterm ...
van der Meer Audrey L H - - 2012
A rapidly approaching object provides information about the object's approach and how imminent a collision is. Prospective control when responding to a looming virtual object approaching on a direct collision course was studied longitudinally in 10 infants aged 5/6 and 12/13 months. Different characteristics of the looming-related visual evoked potential ...
Hill Crystal D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that esophageal mechanodistention in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) results in altered upper esophageal sphincter (UES), esophageal body, and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) responses, compared with controls. As a secondary aim, we tested the hypothesis that infants with HIE receiving therapeutic hypothermia had different aerodigestive ...
Mateus Vera - - 2012
Fifty-two 10-month-olds and their mothers were observed in free toy-play and semi-structured toy-play for assessing joint attention capabilities. Mothers exhibited more bids for joint attention during semi-structured toy-play. Infants' response to maternal behaviors and their bids for initiating joint attention were higher during free toy-play.
Platten Charlotte R - - 2012
Training staff in the resuscitation of neonates is an essential skill; resuscitation efficacy is difficult to quantify but critical to infant survival. Objective assessments of the efficacy of training methods, resuscitation techniques and devices have used concurrent measurements of air flow and air pressure in commercially available manikins. This system ...
Condie Joy - - 2012
BACKGROUND: As the likelihood of survival improves over time, the BW- and GA-specific boundaries of discretionary non-resuscitation should fall. HYPOTHESIS: Between 1988 and 2008 reductions in BW- and GA- specific mortality would drive a parallel reduction in BW and GA boundaries of discretionary resuscitation. METHODS: We determined the likelihood of ...
Goldsmith Jay P - - 2012
As recently as the year 2000, 100% oxygen was recommended to begin resuscitation of depressed newborns in the delivery room. However, the most recent recommendations of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation counsel the prudent use of oxygen during resuscitation. In term and preterm infants, oxygen therapy should be guided ...
Chilakala S K - - 2012
Urachal diverticulum is an infrequent finding and its perforation as a cause of fetal urinary ascites has not been reported before. This is a case report on an infant with antenatal diagnosis of fetal ascites. This infant was delivered via cesarean section and needed mechanical ventilation owing to a massive ...
Cunha Andréa Baraldi - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to verify the influence of a short-duration training session on proximal and distal adjustments at the onset of goal-directed reaching and to verify whether these adjustments change in specificity with the body position trained. Twenty-four infants aged 3-4 months were assessed in supine and ...
Kobayashi Megumi - - 2012
We studied whether 5-month-old to 8-month-old infants process faces in a size-invariant manner by applying the fNIRS-adaptation paradigm used in our previous study. We used near-infrared spectroscopy to measure hemodynamic responses in the temporal regions of infants' brains during the repeated presentation of an identical face and different faces while ...
Poets Christian F - - 2012
There is an increasing trend towards delivery before 39 weeks of gestational age. The short- and long-term effects of early delivery on the infant have only recently received scientific attention. Selective review of the literature Delivery at any time before 39 weeks is associated with significantly higher infant mortality and ...
Abend Nicholas S - - 2012
Neonatal seizures are common, often require EEG monitoring for diagnosis and management, may be associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcome, and can often be treated with existing anticonvulsants. A neonatal electrographic seizure is defined as a sudden, repetitive, evolving, and stereotyped event of abnormal electrographic pattern with amplitude of at least ...
Zores Claire - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Infant crying is a major expression of distress and can occur without any exogenous stimulation. Little is known, however, about the effects of crying on physiological homeostasis in very preterm infants (VPIs). METHODS: Environmental, behavioral (video and audio recording) and physiologic (heart rate [HR], respiratory rate [RR], and systemic ...
Vashishtha Vipin M - - 2012
We describe an outbreak of Trichosporon asahii in 8 newborn infants with sepsis. Six out of these 8 infants died. The organism was identified on specific culture and morphologic characteristics. The organism was sensitive to amphotericin-B but resistant to fluconazole. Laminar flow unit was suspected to be the source of ...
Matthews Danielle - - 2012
Despite its importance in the development of children's skills of social cognition and communication, very little is known about the ontogenetic origins of the pointing gesture. We report a training study in which mothers gave children one month of extra daily experience with pointing as compared with a control group ...
O'Donnell Colm Pf - - 2012
Resuscitation of newborns has been described since ancient times and is among the most commonly performed emergency medical interventions. The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation first made recommendations on resuscitation in newborns in 1999. Over the last decade, new research and careful review of the available evidence have resulted in ...
Stone Nancy I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: the practical training in midwifery education in Germany takes place predominantly in hospital delivery wards, where high rates of intervention and caesarean section prevail. When midwives practice birth assistance at free-standing birth centres, they have to make adjustments to what they learned in the clinic to support women without ...
Zanardo Vincenzo V Department of Pediatrics, Padua University, Via Giustiniani 3 35128 Padua, Italy. - - 2012
The aim was to examine the relationship between neonatal white blood cell (WBC) count and the diagnosis of histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA). We measured WBC, a widely used marker of inflammation, to evaluate whether the values at birth were associated with HCA. NICU, Department of Pediatrics of Padua University, Padua, Italy. ...
Rastogi Shantanu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of information on the weaning of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants. As the weaning from NCPAP can be gradual or sudden we wanted to determine which of the two methods was better. METHODS: A prospective randomized trial was conducted to compare the ...
Srinivasakumar Preethi - - 2012
Objective This study evaluates the impact of ventricular dilatation following severe (grades III or IV) intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm neonates and the current practice of neurosurgical interventions in infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) and early neurodevelopmental outcome.Study Design Premature neonates born at ≤34 weeks' gestational ages with severe ...
Vijlbrief D C - - 2012
Background: Little is known about the effects of hypothermia on the cardiovascular system in term newborns with neonatal encephalopathy. Objectives: To evaluate whether mild hypothermia for neonatal encephalopathy is cardioprotective as indicated by the cardiac biomarkers cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). Methods: This was an observational ...
Soll Roger F - - 2012
Background: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in term infants with hypoxic respiratory failure. The pathophysiology of respiratory failure and the potential risks of iNO differ substantially in preterm infants, necessitating study in this population. Objectives: To determine the effect of treatment with iNO on death, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular ...
Prata Ndola - - 2012
A 50-fold disparity in maternal mortality exists between high- and low-income countries, and in most contexts, the single most common cause of maternal death is postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). In Bangladesh, as in many other low-income countries, the majority of deliveries are conducted at home by traditional birth attendants (TBAs) or ...
Thunström Maria - - 2012
Rejections of infants among non-human primates occasionally occur in the wild as well as in captive settings. Controlled adoptions of orphans and introductions of individuals into new groups are therefore sometimes necessary in captivity. Consequently, behavioral research on integration procedures and on the acceptance of infants by adoptive mothers is ...
Attridge Joshua T - - 2012
Objectives To determine if surfactant can be effectively administered to larger preterm babies by laryngeal mask airway (LMA), reducing the need for supplemental oxygen.Study Design Enrollment criteria: birth weight > 1200 g, < 72 hours old, treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for respiratory distress syndrome, with fraction ...
Mathew Bobby - - 2012
Objective To compare the efficacy of vinyl bags and thermal warming mattresses in preventing hypothermia during delivery room resuscitation and stabilization of extremely low-gestational-age neonates (ELGANs).Study Design Preterm infants 23 to 28 weeks' gestational age were randomly allocated to either vinyl bag or thermal mattress group at delivery to prevent ...
Slicker Julie - - 2012
Failure to thrive is common in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and its variants and those with poor growth may be at risk for worse surgical and neurodevelopmental outcomes. The etiology of growth failure in this population is multifactorial and complex, but may be impacted by nutritional intervention. There ...
Johnson Mark J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Infants born preterm are significantly lighter and shorter on reaching term equivalent age (TEA) than are those born at term, but the relation with body composition is less clear. We conducted a systematic review to assess the body composition at TEA of infants born preterm.METHODS:The databases MEDLINE, Embase, ...
Can Emrah - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The goal of nutrition of the preterm infant is to achieve a postnatal growth approximating normal fetal growth. During the early postnatal period, the protein intake must be sufficient to achieve normal postnatal growth in extremely low birth weight infants. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that higher ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Whether term infants in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have brainstem auditory abnormalities remains to be determined. This study aimed to detect any abnormality in brainstem auditory function in term neonates who are admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods:From a NICU we recruited 55 term neonates ...
Cakmak Bilin Cetinkaya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The imbalance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines may possibly play a role in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. Mannose binding lectin (MBL) codon 54 and interleukin 1 receptor antagonist gene (IL1-RN) polymorphisms cause genetic predisposition to increased risk of infection and inflammation, therefore may increase ...
McCrossan Brian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the sustainability, clinical utility and acceptability to clinicians and parents of a tele-homecare programme for infants with major congenital heart disease (CHD), and to evaluate the impact on healthcare resource use. DESIGN: Randomised control trial. SETTING: UK tertiary congenital cardiac centre. PARTICIPANTS: 83 infants with major CHD. ...
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