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Lloyd-Fox Sarah S Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of - - 2014
Cortical mapping of cognitive function during infancy is poorly understood in low-income countries due to the lack of transportable neuroimaging methods. We have successfully piloted functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a neuroimaging tool in rural Gambia. Four-to-eight month old infants watched videos of Gambian adults perform social movements, while ...
Mirnia Kayvan - - 2014
More than 9 million neonatal deaths are reported through out the world each year happening in the early weeks of life most of which relate to developing countries. Thus it is very important to present a better way to keep the infants healthy which could be possible by accessing accurate ...
Leavens David A DA School of Psychology, University of Sussex, East Sussex - - 2014
Despite a growing body of work examining the expression of infants' positive emotion in joint attention contexts, few studies have examined the moment-by-moment dynamics of emotional signaling by adults interacting with babies in these contexts. We invited 73 parents of infants (three fathers) to our laboratory, comprising parent-infant dyads with ...
Imura Tomoko - - 2014
The developmental processes underpinning global shape and global motion perception in infancy have been relatively well described. However, the development of the ability to integrate both global motion and global shape information has remained unclear. In this study we employed a slit-viewing task to investigate the ability to integrate spatiotemporal ...
Ferronato Priscilla A M PA Department of Pedagogy of Human Movement, São Paulo University, São Paulo Brazil ; Physical Education Course, Institute of Health Sciences, Paulista University, São Paulo - - 2014
Given that the auditory system is rather well developed at the end of the third trimester of pregnancy, it is likely that couplings between acoustics and motor activity can be integrated as early as at the beginning of postnatal life. The aim of the present mini-review was to summarize and ...
Provasi Joëlle J Laboratoire Cognition Humaine et Artificielle, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes Paris, - - 2014
Sensori-motor synchronization (SMS) is the coordination of rhythmic movement with an external rhythm. It plays a central role in motor, cognitive, and social behavior. SMS is commonly studied in adults and in children from four years of age onward. Prior to this age, the ability has rarely been investigated due ...
Begus Katarina K Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, United - - 2014
The majority of current developmental models prioritise a pedagogical approach to knowledge acquisition in infancy, in which infants play a relatively passive role as recipients of information. In view of recent evidence, demonstrating that infants use pointing to express interest and solicit information from adults, we set out to test ...
Tremblay Emmanuel E Centre de Recherche, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ste-Justine, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Centre de Recherche en Neuropsychologie et Cognition, Département de Psychologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
In the past decades, multiple studies have been interested in developmental patterns of the visual system in healthy infants. During the first year of life, differential maturational changes have been observed between the Magnocellular (P) and the Parvocellular (P) visual pathways. However, few studies investigated P and M system development ...
Groer Maureen W MW University of South Florida College of Nursing, 12910 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., Tampa, FL 33612, - - 2014
The very low birth weight (VLBW) infant is at great risk for marked dysbiosis of the gut microbiome due to multiple factors, including physiological immaturity and prenatal/postnatal influences that disrupt the development of a normal gut flora. However, little is known about the developmental succession of the microbiota in preterm ...
Li Gang G Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
Quantitative measurement of the dynamic longitudinal cortex development during early postnatal stages is of great importance to understand the early cortical structural and functional development. Conventional methods usually reconstruct the cortical surfaces of longitudinal images from the same subject independently, which often generate longitudinally-inconsistent cortical surfaces and thus lead to ...
Sury M R J MR Department of Anaesthesia, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London WC1N 3JH, - - 2013
/st>Few electroencephalography (EEG) data are available in anaesthetized infants. This study aimed to identify EEG characteristics that might warn of awakening (AW) from sevoflurane anaesthesia in infants. /st>Twenty intubated infants [aged 39-77 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA)] were studied after surgery during sevoflurane wash-out. EEG was recorded at the end of ...
Parsons Christine E CE Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK; Centre of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University, - - 2013
Attractive individuals are perceived as having various positive personality qualities. Positive personality qualities can in turn increase perceived attractiveness. However, the developmental origins of the link between attractiveness and personality are not understood. This is important because infant attractiveness ('cuteness') elicits caregiving from adults, and infant personality ('temperament') shapes caregiving ...
Ambrose Christopher S CS 1MedImmune, Gaithersburg, MD; 2Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; 3University of Colorado, School of Medicine, and Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO; 4former employee of MedImmune, Gaithersburg, MD; 5University of Illinois, Chicago, - - 2013
The Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Respiratory Events Among Preterm Infants Outcomes and Risk Tracking (REPORT) study evaluated RSV disease burden in US preterm infants 32-35 weeks gestational age (wGA) not receiving RSV prophylaxis. Preterm infants <6 months of age as of November 1 were followed prospectively at 188 clinics from ...
Pereira Fabíola Lima FL Unidade de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil, Ribeirão PretoSP, Mestre. Enfermeira da Unidade de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal , Hospital das Clínicas , Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto , Universidade de São Paulo , Ribeirão Preto , SP , Brasil - - 2013
While hospitalized in neonatal units, preterm infants undergo various manipulations and procedures that have negative health consequences. The aim of this study was to describe the manipulations that preterm infants are subjected to over a 24-hour period in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). An observational, descriptive, exploratory study was ...
Milidou Ioanna - - 2013
Preterm and growth restricted infants may have developmental delays and deviations from normal organ function related to the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system. Since both organ systems are hypothesised to be involved in the pathogenesis of infantile colic, a condition characterised by excessive crying during the first months ...
Barr Rachel - - 2013
The absence of a father figure has been linked to very poor developmental outcomes for the child. During incarceration, there are limited opportunities for visitation between fathers and their children. The Baby Elmo Program provides incarcerated teen fathers with parenting training and visitation with their children with the stated goal ...
Szczapa Tomasz - - 2013
We assessed the safety and studied the influence of short-term helium-oxygen (heliox) mechanical ventilation (MV) on respiratory function, gas exchange and oxygenation in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or at high risk for BPD. A pilot, time-series study. Neonatal intensive care unit. Infants with severe BPD who required MV. MV ...
Ellsworth Marc A - - 2013
For more than a decade there has been considerable interest in the role of QT interval prolongation in the pathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome. It has been proposed that the QT interval is a surrogate marker for autonomic instability and can be used to identify infants at risk for ...
Parker Leslie A - - 2013
The provision of breast milk to premature VLBW infants is associated with significant health benefits. Unfortunately, the delivery of breast milk to these vulnerable infants is often limited due to insufficient maternal milk supply. Several interventions have been investigated with respect to increasing milk volume in mothers of VLBW infants ...
Kayhan Tetik Burcu B Family Medicine, Kalecik State Hospital Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended from birth until the first six months and then with complementary feeding up to age two. In our country, only 41.6% of infants are exclusively breastfed during the first six months, and the average duration of breastfeeding is 16 months.The term 'relactation' is used for the ...
Kim Sohye - - 2013
The neuropeptide oxytocin is importantly implicated in the emergence and maintenance of maternal behavior that forms the basis of the mother-infant bond. However, no research has yet examined the specific association between maternal oxytocin and maternal gaze, a key modality through which the mother makes social contact and engages with ...
Scheuchenegger A - - 2013
To determine (1) the association between neonatal morbidity and gestational age and (2) the impact of pre-existing maternal medical conditions, pregnancy and birth complications on neonatal outcome in moderate and late preterm infants (32-36 completed weeks).Retrospective single-centre cohort study including all moderate and late preterm infants without congenital anomalies born ...
Dassios Theodore - - 2013
Whole body hypothermia (WBH) exerts proven neuroprotective effects in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Our aim was to describe how WBH could impact on respiratory function in mechanically ventilated newborn infants, by recording primary and composite indices of oxygenation and ventilation before, during and after WBH. The medical notes of ...
McMorrow Aoife - - 2013
To establish the mortality rate to hospital discharge of very preterm infants who remain on positive pressure support (PPS) at term corrected gestation and describe factors that are associated with increased mortality. Infants born <30 weeks' gestation between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2009 who were receiving PPS at ...
Mattson Whitney I - - 2013
In infants, eye constriction-the Duchenne marker-and mouth opening appear to index the intensity of both positive and negative facial expressions. We combined eye constriction and mouth opening that co-occurred with smiles and cry-faces (respectively, the prototypic expressions of infant joy and distress) to measure emotional expression intensity. Expression intensity and ...
Sanyal Debmalya D Department of Endocrinology, KPC Medical College and RTIICS, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2013
Hypocalcemia is a rare reversible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and congestive heart failure; however, there are few reported cases, especially in infants. We describe 12 infants presenting with DCM and congestive cardiac failure who were found to have hypocalcemia. Vitamin D deficiency was the cause of hypocalcemia in all ...
Beima-Sofie Kristin M KM aInstitute for Public Health Genetics bDepartment of Epidemiology cDepartment of Medicine dDepartment of Biostatistics eDepartment of Global Health fDepartment of Pediatrics gDepartment of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington hDepartment of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan iVaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA jDepartment of Paediatrics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, - - 2013
We evaluated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLRs with infant HIV-1 acquisition and viral control. Infant HIV-1 outcomes were assessed in a Kenyan perinatal HIV-1 cohort. Infants were genotyped for six candidate and 118 haplotype-tagging polymorphisms in TLRs 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9, MYD88 and ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2013
Late preterm (LP) infants are defined as those born at 34-0/7 to 36-6/7 weeks' gestational age. LP infants were previously referred to as near term infants. The change in terminology resulted from the understanding that these infants are not fully mature and that the last 6 weeks of gestation represent ...
Pauliks Linda B - - 2013
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a well-recognized complication of cardiopulmonary bypass surgery (CPB) in adults. Infants and neonates may also be at high risk for this due to immature myocardium. Conventional assessment of RV function is just qualitative, but novel tissue Doppler echocardiographic (TDI) markers including peak systolic strain rate ...
Nickel Lindsay R - - 2013
Evidence suggests that children and adults diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) exhibit difficulties with postural control. Retrospective video studies of infants later diagnosed with ASD indicate that infants who eventually receive an ASD diagnosis exhibit delays in postural development. This study investigates early posture development prospectively and longitudinally in ...
Peng Niang-Huei NH Nursing College, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, - - 2014
To explore the energy expenditure (EE) in a group of preterm infants during the periods of environmental stress, and to explore the relationship between EE and physiological stress signals of preterm infants. Research design was an explorative secondary analysis of 4164 research data from 37 preterm infants which included physiological ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2013
I thank Dr. Ngene et al. (1) for their interest in our article (2), in which we recommended to withhold administration of uterotonics after infant delivery in cesarean hysterectomy for placenta previa accreta. This is because uterotonics may induce partial separation of the placenta, i.e. the part of the placenta other ...
Cunha Andréa B - - 2013
There is evidence that long-term experience can promote functional changes in infants. However, much remains unknown about how a short-term experience affects performance of a task. This study aims to investigate the influence of a single training session at the onset of goal-directed reaching on the spatio-temporal parameters of reaching ...
Bolze Pierre-Adrien - - 2013
A mother developed multimetastatic gestational choriocarcinoma 13 months after delivery while her infant died aged 11 months from the same tumor. The transplacental choriocarcinoma transmission was confirmed by genotyping. Henceforth, we recommend a two-year maternal hCG follow-up after neonatal choriocarcinoma and extensive imaging if the hCG rises.
Röhr Sebastian Benedikt - - 2013
Dr Etienne Fortin-Pellerin et al. demonstrated a shift towards hydrocortisone use over two distinct time periods [1]. Of note, improvement in short-term respiratory status of sick preterm infants was offset by an increase in age at death, no improvement in survival rates, and poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes in children who received steroids ...
Gross Mechthild M - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective was to study the association of different timings of intrapartum interventions with labour duration and mode of birth. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study of 2,090 nulliparae and 1,873 multiparae with a singleton in cephalic presentation was conducted. We assessed the association between, on the one hand, the ...
Wagh Deepika - - 2013
AIM: Early extubation is desirable in preterm neonates to minimise the risk of complications associated with prolonged intubation. The association of significant pulmonary haemorrhage (PH) with extubation in a cluster of very preterm infants instigated an assessment of ductal and pulmonary haemodynamic effects of early extubation. METHOD: This is a ...
Miyake Christina Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Ventricular arrhythmia related sudden cardiac arrest in infants with structurally normal hearts is rare. There have been no previously published reports of infants less than 3 months of age with ventricular fibrillation in which a primary diagnosis could not be defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: -Retrospective chart review of 3 ...
Moreno Tomas A TA Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether choroidal imaging is feasible in preterm and term infants using an 840-nm portable spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system without the use of enhanced-depth imaging techniques and to assess choroidal development by comparing choroidal thickness of preterm infants, term infants, and adults. SD-OCT images were obtained ...
Richardson Heidi L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants exhibit depressed arousability from sleep when compared with term infants. As the final cortical element of the arousal process may be the most critical for survival, we hypothesized that the increased vulnerability of preterm infants to the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) could be explained by depressed ...
Dold Simone K - - 2013
Objective Effective neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) requires 3:1 coordinated manual inflations (MI) and chest compressions (CC). We hypothesized that playing a musical prompt would help coordinate CC and MI during CPR.Study Design In this pilot trial we studied the effect the "Radetzkymarsch" (110 beats per minute) on neonatal CPR. Thirty-six ...
Burton Pat - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Whether infants use suction or peristaltic tongue movements or a combination to extract milk during breast-feeding is controversial. The aims of this pilot study were 1] to evaluate the feasibility of using 3D ultrasound scanning to visualise infant tongue movements; and 2] to ascertain whether peristaltic tongue movements could ...
Chiarini Marco M Laboratorio Interdipartimentale di Biologia Cellulare e Radiobiologia, Diagnostics Department, Spedali Civili of Brescia Brescia , - - 2013
Since its introduction as a public health programme in the United States in the early 1960s, newborn blood screening (NBS) has evolved from the detection of phenylalanine levels on filter paper to the application of DNA-based technologies to identify T-cell lymphopenia in infants with severe combined immunodeficiency. This latter use ...
Uslu S - - 2013
This paper reports two cases of transient neonatal methemoglobinemia caused by maternal pudendal anesthesia with prilocaine. In the first case a two-hour-old, 3100 gram term-male infant was admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) because of central cyanosis. He was born from a 21-year-old mother with spontaneous vaginal delivery. Central ...
- - 2013
: For certain medical conditions, available data and expert opinion support optimal timing of delivery in the late-preterm or early-term period for improved neonatal and infant outcomes. However, for nonmedically indicated early-term deliveries such an improvement has not been demonstrated. Morbidity and mortality rates are greater among neonates and infants ...
Cunha Andréa Baraldi - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to verify the influence of a short-duration training session on proximal and distal adjustments at the onset of goal-directed reaching and to verify whether these adjustments change in specificity with the body position trained. Twenty-four infants aged 3-4 months were assessed in supine and ...
O'Callahan Cliff - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of office-based frenotomy on reversing breastfeeding difficulties among infants with problematic ankyloglossia, and to examine characteristics associated with anterior and posterior ankyloglossia. METHODS: Mother's of infants who underwent a frenotomy for ankyloglossia from December 2006 through March 2011 completed ...
Brodribb Wendy - - 2013
Background:Recommendations for the introduction of solids and fluids to an infant's diet have changed over the past decade. Since these changes, there has been minimal research to determine patterns in the introduction of foods and fluids to infants.Methods:This retrospective cohort study surveyed mothers who birthed in Queensland, Australia, from February ...
Ross Randal G RG Department of Psychiatry, Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, USA. - - 2013
Deficient cerebral inhibition is a pathophysiological brain deficit related to poor sensory gating and attention in schizophrenia and other disorders. Cerebral inhibition develops perinatally, influenced by genetic and in utero factors. Amniotic choline activates fetal α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and facilitates development of cerebral inhibition. Increasing this activation may protect infants ...
Kaufman Jonathan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To measure tidal volumes (V(T)) and describe the interactions between spontaneous breaths and positive pressure ventilation (PPV) inflations during stabilisation of preterm infants in the delivery room (DR). We used a respiratory function monitor (RFM) to evaluate the first 5 min of mask respiratory support provided to preterm infants. ...
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