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Results 451 - 500 of 640
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Golding Jean - - 2009
In planning a longitudinal birth cohort study it is important to decide where the target population should be resident and where the organisation should be based, as well as how the study should be directed. In this paper we discuss the ways in which other birth cohort studies have made ...
Puumala Susan E SE Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2009
Traditionally, controls in US pediatric cancer studies were selected through random digit dialing. With declining participation and lack of nonparticipant information, random digit dialing (RDD) controls may be substandard. Birth certificate (BC) controls are an alternative, because they are population based and include data from nonparticipants. The authors examined controls ...
Laws Paula J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Around 2% of women who give birth in Australia each year give birth in a birth centre. There is currently no standard definition of a birth centre in Australia. AIMS: This study aimed to locate all birth centres nationally, describe their characteristics and procedures, and develop a definition. METHODS: ...
Weaver Timothy D - - 2009
Childbirth is complicated in humans relative to other primates. Unlike the situation in great apes, human neonates are about the same size as the birth canal, making passage difficult. The birth mechanism (the series of rotations that the neonate must undergo to successfully negotiate its mother's birth canal) distinguishes humans ...
Dzakpasu Susie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We assessed temporal trends in birth asphyxia in Canada, to determine whether changes were real or secondary to changes in coding. METHODS: We used data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database to study the national incidence of birth asphyxia, by using International Classification of Diseases ...
Andersen I L - - 2009
The aim of the present experiment was to investigate the effects of placing newborn piglets under the heat lamp or both drying and placing them under the heat lamp on piglet mortality. Sixty-seven healthy (Landrace × Yorkshire) sows were divided equally into three different experimental groups: a control group where ...
Carpenter Malinda M Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, - - 2009
Joint action is central to countless aspects of human life. Here I examine the roots of joint action in infancy. First, I provide evidence that-contrary to popular belief-1-year-old infants do have the social-cognitive prerequisites needed to participate in joint action, even in a relatively strict sense: they can read others' ...
Simonet F - - 2009
There is a lack of data on the safety of midwife-led maternity care in remote or indigenous communities. In a de facto natural "experiment", birth outcomes were assessed by primary birthing attendant in two sets of remote Inuit communities. A geocoding-based retrospective birth cohort study in 14 Inuit communities of ...
David Matthias - - 2009
PURPOSE: Have there been changes among German (G) or ethnic Turkish (T) fathers with respect to birth preparation or motivation to participate in a birth support role? In a 10-year comparison is it possible to identify an increase among ethnic Turkish fathers in birth support roles in Germany? METHODS: (1) ...
Ford Elizabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: High control and support during labor are associated with improved birth outcomes and increased maternal satisfaction with the birth experience, but measures of control and support are varied and often unidimensional. This paper reports the development and validation of a questionnaire measure of support and control in birth for ...
Lothian Judith A - - 2009
Although standard maternity care is not evidence-based and, in many cases, increases risks for mothers and babies, few women make birth decisions that reflect this knowledge. This column discusses persuasion as a way to change women's ideas about safe, healthy birth. The relationship between persuasion and choice is discussed, and ...
Beck Cheryl Tatano - - 2009
Reported international rates of posttraumatic stress disorder due to birth trauma range as high as 5.9%. Trauma associated with perinatal events, however, is often lacking in discussions of women's trauma. The main focus of this article is on the description of 3 qualitative studies on birth trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder ...
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2009
The assumptions on which educators based childbirth education principles were valid when psychoprophylactic birth became available. Yet, educators and health-care providers have changed their assumptions about birth as they have learned more from the midwifery model of care, how women want to give birth, and how capable the body is ...
Tan Cong E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes and other catastrophic events frequently occurring worldwide can be considered as outliers and cause a growing and urgent need to improve our understanding of the negative effects imposed by such disasters. Earthquakes can intensively impact the birth outcomes upon psychological and morphological development of the unborn children, albeit ...
Brooks Maria J - - 2009
The author, a birth doula and Lamaze Certified Childbirth Educator, agreed to attend the birth of a second child to a mother whose military husband was serving overseas. Because labor seemed to be progressing slowly, they waited at a hotel near the birth center. A very quick labor progression led ...
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2009
Teaching normal-birth Lamaze classes normally involves considering the qualities that make birth normal and structuring classes to embrace those qualities. In this column, teaching strategies are suggested for classes that unfold naturally, free from unnecessary interventions.
Nuzum Russell - - 2009
In this column, a father and a mother each share their unique version of their son's natural birth.
Kemp Joy - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to obtain a detailed description of the 36-week birth talk, and how it is delivered to and perceived by women and their birth partners. DESIGN AND METHOD: two qualitative methods: ethnography and interpretative phenomenological analysis. Non-participant observation of five birth talks and in-depth semi-structured interviews with midwives, women and ...
Wagner Katherine E - - 2008
In response to work demonstrating a negative correlation between human staff activity and parturition in laboratory-managed primates, this study examined the distribution of 231 captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) births that occurred in accredited American zoological institutions by the day of the week on which the birth was discovered. We hypothesized ...
Henderson Annette M E AM University of Maryland, College - - 2008
The ability to make sense out of the actions of others is critical to people's daily functioning. Adults are social experts: They understand that people's actions are directed at goals and are driven by intentions. In this article, the authors highlight key findings from studies examining infants' understanding of human ...
Mori R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to obtain the best estimate of intrapartum-related perinatal mortality (IPPM) rates for booked home births. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: England and Wales. SUBJECTS: All births in England and Wales, including home births (intended or unintended) occurring between 1994 and 2003. METHODS: ...
Pillekamp F - - 2008
An aortopulmonary window is a rare congenital cardiac defect. In the majority of symptomatic neonates and infants, primary surgical repair is the treatment of choice. In selected infants, catheter closure of the defect with a device may be feasible. We report on the successful closure of an AP window in ...
Ashari Noor Suryani Mohd - - 2008
A cross sectional pilot study using convenient sampling method was conducted to evaluate various immunological parameters in preterm babies and term babies. Cord blood from 36 preterm and 36 term babies was taken and the following parameters were determined: Immunoglobulin G, A and M, Complement 3 and 4 and NBT. ...
van den Boogaard Jossy - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyse factors that contribute to the choice of either traditional birth attendants (TBAs) or skilled birth attendants (SBAs) by inhabitants of Zambia's Lukulu District. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive survey. SETTINGS: Lukulu District, Western Province, Zambia. POPULATION: 1413 participants: parous women, their husbands, village headmen and elderly women. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Nove Andrea - - 2008
This article presents data on trends in the percentage of maternities taking place at home in the UK. As well as the national trend, the article examines how home maternity levels vary according to mother's age, number of previous live births within marriage, country of birth, region, local authority and ...
Dahlen Hannah G - - 2008
The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of a group of first-time mothers who had given birth at home or in hospital in Australia. Data were generated from in-depth interviews with 19 women and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. One of the categories to emerge from ...
Sinnhuber-Giles Laure - - 2008
A young mother shares her story of normal birth at home. Her story includes a thank-you letter written to Ina May Gaskin, who shared her wisdom in her book, Ina May's Guide to Childbirth.
Iijima Shigeo S Department of Pediatrics, Hamamatsu University School of - - 2008
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is characterized by multiple malformations as well as mental and developmental defects resulting from the absence of a distal segment of the short arm of chromosome 4. We experienced an extremely low birthweight infant with WHS. The male infant (birthweight 934 g) was born at 31 weeks' ...
O'Sullivan Sean S - - 2007
The financial issues for birth centres are: Those that conduct a small number of births--certainly those conducting less than 100 births a year--are unlikely to generate income that covers their costs; In future, all community activity will come under PbR and it will then be much easier to identify how ...
Lerchl Alexander - - 2008
A previous study has shown a marked and continuing decline in weekend births in Germany between 1988 and 2003 (Lerchl, Naturwissenschaften 92:592-594, 2005). The present study was performed to investigate the possible influence of caesarean sections (CS) on weekend birth number and on the involvement of midwives in births for ...
Lerchl Alexander - - 2008
Birth dates from almost 3 million babies born between 1969 and 2005 in Switzerland were analyzed for the weekday of birth. As in other countries but with unprecedented amplitude, a very marked non-random distribution was discovered with decreasing numbers of births on weekends, reaching -17.9% in 2005. While most of ...
Ayers Susan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that 1 to 6 percent of women will develop symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder after childbirth. The objective of this study was to examine thoughts and emotions during birth, cognitive processing after birth, and memories of birth that might be important in the development of postnatal ...
Bussey Carie G - - 2007
Nationwide, the proportion of certified nurse-midwife (CNM)-attended births has increased steadily. We examined trends in CNM-attended singleton spontaneous vaginal births between 1995 and 2004 in Washington State by site of birth, payer source, and hospital birth volume. CNMs were more likely than other providers to care for women at risk ...
Henne Melinda B - - 2008
To predict the cost of a delivery following assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Cost analysis based on retrospective chart analysis. University-based ART program. Women aged >or=26 and <or=42 years with FSH levels <or=12 IU/L on day 3 undergoing a first cycle of fresh, nondonor ART. Logit regression using a fractional polynomial ...
Spector Logan G - - 2007
As random digit dialing becomes increasingly unfeasible for many types of studies, alternative methods for control selection are needed, especially for studies of childhood cancer. US birth registries are an appealing source of young control children because they are population based, provide demographic and pregnancy data for comparison of participants ...
Zhang Jun - - 2007
Immunology has been hypothesised to play a critical role in the development of pre-eclampsia. A number of epidemiological studies have shown that multiparous women who changed partner had an increased risk of pre-eclampsia in the following pregnancy compared with multiparous women with the same partner. However, partner change is often ...
Gans Joshua S - - 2007
We estimate the impact of annual obstetricians and gynecologists' conferences on births in Australia and the United States. In both countries, the number of births drops by 2-4 percent during the days on which these conferences are held. Since it is unlikely that parents take these conferences into account when ...
Henne Melinda B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between insurance mandates and the utilization and outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). DESIGN: Using clinic-level data from 1990 to 2001, we examined differences between states with and without insurance mandates in rates of utilization and outcomes of ART using multivariable least squares regression. SETTING: ...
Kukulu Kamile - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: to ascertain the reasons why mothers choose to have a home birth and the factors that influence these reasons. METHODS: this cross-sectional study involved 392 women and was conducted between June and September 2003 in a rural setting in Turkey. The data were collected using a questionnaire developed by ...
Fujiya Rika - - 2007
We investigated the impact of the Palestinians' economic support programmes and the influence of Israeli army invasions on the place of birth during the second Palestinian uprising. We collected data on the number of births by place from the Palestinian Ministry of Health and Holy Family Hospital (HFH) in Bethlehem ...
Hilder Lisa - - 2007
Information about gestational age is important but is not available for live births from registration data. It is, however, collected in NHS Numbers for Babies (NN4B) records. This project investigates the feasibility of linking NN4B data for births in the First quarter of 2005 with birth registration records. Overall 99.8 ...
Kaufman Tamara - - 2007
Many birth professionals are discarding the birth plan as an outdated and ineffectual document. This column discusses the past limitations and present uses of the birth plan in an effort to enhance current teaching on how expectant parents can write and use this important document. Encouraging expectant parents to prepare ...
Romano Amy M - - 2007
In this column, a mother offers her son a poignant description of his home birth, surrounded by family, friends, and two midwives.
Lothian Judith A - - 2007
In this column, a reader expresses concern at the declining number of women attending childbirth classes and her inability to influence a woman's decision to choose normal birth. It may be more effective to market Lamaze as a way to have an easier birth rather than a normal birth. The ...
McGrath Kathy - - 2007
In this column, the author describes tending to a mother who displayed a quiet confidence throughout her pregnancy and birth experience. This birth story provides powerful support for women's inherent ability to give birth. Women already know what they need to give birth simply and easily.
Gauldin Deb - - 2007
In this column, a childbirth educator shares a humorous story about a second grader's show-and-tell description of her brother's home birth.
Leslie Mayri Sagady - - 2007
Although most women in the United States give birth in hospitals, a substantial body of research suggests that planned home birth or birth in freestanding birth centers have equally good or better outcomes for low-risk women. Out-of-hospital birth often facilitates mother-friendly care. Rationales and systematic reviews of both home birth ...
Moran Allisyn C - - 2006
Maternal mortality is a global burden, with more than 500,000 women dying each year due to pregnancy and childbirth-related complications. Birth-preparedness and complication readiness is a comprehensive strategy to improve the use of skilled providers at birth, the key intervention to decrease maternal mortality. Birth-preparedness and complication readiness include many ...
Fahy Kathleen M - - 2006
The theory of Birth Territory describes, explains and predicts the relationships between the environment of the individual birth room, issues of power and control, and the way the woman experiences labour physiologically and emotionally. The theory was synthesised inductively from empirical data generated by the authors in their roles as ...
Borquez Heather A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: to compare the labour and birth experiences of women who delivered at home without complications with the experiences of women who delivered in a birth centre without complications. DESIGN: a descriptive study using postal questionnaires at 1-6 months after birth of a consecutive sample of postpartum women. SETTING: women ...
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