Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 670
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Donovan Geoffrey H - - 2011
This paper investigated whether greater tree-canopy cover is associated with reduced risk of poor birth outcomes in Portland, Oregon. Residential addresses were geocoded and linked to classified-aerial imagery to calculate tree-canopy cover in 50, 100, and 200m buffers around each home in our sample (n=5696). Detailed data on maternal characteristics ...
Hundley Vanora A - - 2011
to synthesise implementation lessons regarding birth kits in terms of the context, the user, requirements for use and the logistics of supplying kits. the scoping review was informed through a systematic literature review; a call for information distributed to experts in maternal and child health, relevant research centres and specialist ...
Choi Sun Hee - - 2010
The aim of this study was to survey multiple birth data and to analyze the recent trends of multiple births and its consequences on perinatal problems in Korea from 1991 to 2008. Data were obtained from the Korean Statistical Information Service. The total number of multiple births showed increasing trends. ...
Blix Ellen - - 2011
to explore midwifery practice in home birth settings in Norway, especially practice assumed by the midwives to promote normal labour and birth. in-depth interviews transcribed verbatim and analysed using a grounded theory method. home birth settings in Norway. 12 midwives who regularly attended home births and who had assisted a ...
Wax Joseph R JR Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maine Medical Center, Portland, ME, - - 2010
We sought to systematically review the medical literature on the maternal and newborn safety of planned home vs planned hospital birth. We included English-language peer-reviewed publications from developed Western nations reporting maternal and newborn outcomes by planned delivery location. Outcomes' summary odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Planned ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the differences in the characteristics of mothers having planned and unplanned home births that occurred at home in a 19-state reporting area in the United States in 2006. METHODS: Data are from the 2006 U.S. vital statistics natality file. Information on whether a home birth was planned ...
Romitti Paul A PA Department of Epidemiology at the College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. - - 2010
In the Agricultural Health Study, information on participant live births was largely provided by female partners of male private applicators. At the Iowa site, such information was available for 13,599 (42.9%) of 31,707 applicators. To improve identification of live births among Iowa participants, we used a probabilistic and deterministic approach ...
Cocchi Guido - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine trends of Down syndrome (DS) in relation to maternal age and termination of pregnancies (ToP) in 20 registries of the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research (ICBDSR). METHODS: Trends of births with DS (live-born and stillborn), ToP with DS, ...
Hall Jenny S - - 2010
Presents a 55-word story about giving birth. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
Anderson James R - - 2010
Chimpanzees' immediate responses to the death of a group-member have rarely been described. Exceptions include maternal care towards dead infants, and frenzied excitement and alarm following the sudden, traumatic deaths of older individuals [1-5]. Some wild chimpanzees die in their night nest [6], but the immediate effect this has on ...
Nielsen H S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The chance of a live birth after a diagnosis of secondary recurrent miscarriage (SRM) is reduced in patients who, prior to the miscarriages, gave birth to a boy and carry HLA class II alleles that efficiently present male-specific (H-Y) antigens to the immune system. Information about obstetric complications in ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This report examines trends and characteristics of out-of-hospital and home births in the United States. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and interpreted. RESULTS: In 2006, there were 38,568 out-of-hospital births in the United States, including 24,970 home births and 10,781 births occurring in a freestanding birthing center. ...
Laws Paula J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A recent Australian study showed perinatal mortality was lower among women who gave birth in a birth center than in a comparable low-risk group of women who gave birth in a hospital. The current study used the same large population database to investigate whether perinatal outcomes were improved for ...
Donovan Edward F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to reduce scheduled births between 36(0/7)-38(6/7) weeks that lack appropriate medical indication. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty Ohio maternity hospitals collected baseline data for 60 days and then selected locally appropriate Institute for Healthcare Improvement Breakthrough Series interventions to reduce the incidence of scheduled births. Deidentified birth data were ...
Sauber-Schatz Erin K - - 2010
The rate of birth trauma in the US has been reported to range between 0.2 and 37 birth traumas per 1000 births. Because of the minimal number of population-based studies and the inconsistencies among the published birth trauma rates, the rate of birth trauma in the US remains unclear. This ...
Wax Joseph R - - 2010
A constant small, but clinically important, number of American women choose to deliver at home. Contradictory professional and public policies reflect the polarization and politicization of the controversy surrounding this birth option. Women opting for home birth seek and often attain their goals of a nonmedicalized experience in comfortable, familiar ...
Kennare Robyn M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in outcomes between planned home births, occurring at home or in hospital, and planned hospital births. DESIGN AND SETTING: Population-based study using South Australian perinatal data on all births and perinatal deaths during the period 1991-2006. Analysis included logistic regression adjusted for predictor variables and standardised ...
Lurie S - - 2010
This retrospective observational study examined whether fasting (the 'Yom Kippur effect') precipitates labour. Birth rates of Yom Kippur (a fasting festival) were compared with those of other festivals that are observed (Tisha B'Av) and not observed (1st day of Passover) by fasting during a 4-year period. Compared with the mean ...
Shetty S K - - 2010
A 3033g male infant was born to a healthy mother at 39 weeks gestation by normal vaginal delivery with Grade 1 meconium stained liquor. There was no prolonged rupture of membranes or any antenatal risk factors for sepsis. The immediate neonatal period was uneventful and the baby was discharged after ...
Agrawal Sanwar - - 2010
During the 3rd week of intrauterine life there is a communication between the intraembryonic gut and the yolk sac. As the development proceeds this communication narrows into a tube known as the vitellointestinal duct (VID). With the establishment of placental nutrition this duct usually becomes obliterated by the end of ...
Behruzi Roxana - - 2010
Humanizing birth means considering women's values, beliefs, and feelings and respecting their dignity and autonomy during the birthing process. Reducing over-medicalized childbirths, empowering women and the use of evidence-based maternity practice are strategies that promote humanized birth. Nevertheless, the territory of birth and its socio-cultural values and beliefs concerning child ...
Staples Judith - - 2010
To investigate the distribution of month of birth in people with multiple sclerosis in Australia. To use the large regional and seasonal variation in ambient ultraviolet radiation in Australia to explore the association between exposure to ultraviolet radiation during pregnancy and subsequent risk of multiple sclerosis in offspring. Data were ...
Wake Ryotaro R Departments of Internal Medicine and - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the gravitation of the Moon on the frequency of births in Kyoto, Japan. A retrospective cohort analysis of 1007 consecutive births without the use of the induction agents was conducted on a population of births in a private midwife ...
Das Sushmita S Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action (SNEHA), Urban Health Centre, Chota Sion Hospital, 60 Feet Road, Shahunagar, Dharavi, Mumbai 400017, Maharashtra, India. - - 2010
Around 86% of births in Mumbai, India, occur in healthcare institutions, but this aggregate figure hides substantial variation and little is known about urban home births. We aimed to explore factors influencing the choice of home delivery, care practices and costs, and to identify characteristics of women, households and the ...
Wax Joseph R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate perinatal morbidity by delivery location (hospital, freestanding birth center, and home). STUDY DESIGN: Selected 2006 US birth certificate data were accessed online from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Low-risk maternal and newborn outcomes were tabulated and compared by birth facility. RESULTS: A total ...
Vallet J L - - 2010
Stillbirth in swine ranges from 2 to 9%, resulting in a significant loss of piglets. Previous studies clearly indicate a relationship between prolonged birth intervals and stillbirth, but factors influencing birth intervals are not fully known. To characterize birth intervals and stillbirth, farrowing was recorded during three farrowing seasons. Blood ...
Mills Jessica L A - - 2010
We examined the effect of overnight birth on treatment and outcome (including initial cardiorespiratory stabilization) in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). CDH births between May 2005 and May 2008 were abstracted from a national CDH database. Overnight birth was defined as occurring between 8 PM and 8 AM. Patient ...
Schulte James A JA - - 2010
Among tetrapods, viviparity is estimated to have evolved independently within Squamata (lizards and snakes) more than 100 times, most frequently in species occupying cold climate environments. Because of this relationship with cold climates, it is sometimes assumed that many origins of squamate viviparity occurred over the past 2.5-4 Myr during ...
Yeakey Marissa Pine - - 2009
Short birth intervals can have adverse consequences for maternal and infant outcomes. Optimal birth spacing is often presumed to be achieved through the practice of family planning and use of contraceptives, yet most of the available research does not address explicitly the contribution of contraceptive-method use to birth spacing or ...
Golding Jean - - 2009
In planning a longitudinal birth cohort study it is important to decide where the target population should be resident and where the organisation should be based, as well as how the study should be directed. In this paper we discuss the ways in which other birth cohort studies have made ...
Puumala Susan E SE Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2009
Traditionally, controls in US pediatric cancer studies were selected through random digit dialing. With declining participation and lack of nonparticipant information, random digit dialing (RDD) controls may be substandard. Birth certificate (BC) controls are an alternative, because they are population based and include data from nonparticipants. The authors examined controls ...
Laws Paula J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Around 2% of women who give birth in Australia each year give birth in a birth centre. There is currently no standard definition of a birth centre in Australia. AIMS: This study aimed to locate all birth centres nationally, describe their characteristics and procedures, and develop a definition. METHODS: ...
Weaver Timothy D - - 2009
Childbirth is complicated in humans relative to other primates. Unlike the situation in great apes, human neonates are about the same size as the birth canal, making passage difficult. The birth mechanism (the series of rotations that the neonate must undergo to successfully negotiate its mother's birth canal) distinguishes humans ...
Dzakpasu Susie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We assessed temporal trends in birth asphyxia in Canada, to determine whether changes were real or secondary to changes in coding. METHODS: We used data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database to study the national incidence of birth asphyxia, by using International Classification of Diseases ...
Andersen I L - - 2009
The aim of the present experiment was to investigate the effects of placing newborn piglets under the heat lamp or both drying and placing them under the heat lamp on piglet mortality. Sixty-seven healthy (Landrace × Yorkshire) sows were divided equally into three different experimental groups: a control group where ...
Carpenter Malinda M Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, - - 2009
Joint action is central to countless aspects of human life. Here I examine the roots of joint action in infancy. First, I provide evidence that-contrary to popular belief-1-year-old infants do have the social-cognitive prerequisites needed to participate in joint action, even in a relatively strict sense: they can read others' ...
Simonet F - - 2009
There is a lack of data on the safety of midwife-led maternity care in remote or indigenous communities. In a de facto natural "experiment", birth outcomes were assessed by primary birthing attendant in two sets of remote Inuit communities. A geocoding-based retrospective birth cohort study in 14 Inuit communities of ...
David Matthias - - 2009
PURPOSE: Have there been changes among German (G) or ethnic Turkish (T) fathers with respect to birth preparation or motivation to participate in a birth support role? In a 10-year comparison is it possible to identify an increase among ethnic Turkish fathers in birth support roles in Germany? METHODS: (1) ...
Ford Elizabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: High control and support during labor are associated with improved birth outcomes and increased maternal satisfaction with the birth experience, but measures of control and support are varied and often unidimensional. This paper reports the development and validation of a questionnaire measure of support and control in birth for ...
Lothian Judith A - - 2009
Although standard maternity care is not evidence-based and, in many cases, increases risks for mothers and babies, few women make birth decisions that reflect this knowledge. This column discusses persuasion as a way to change women's ideas about safe, healthy birth. The relationship between persuasion and choice is discussed, and ...
Beck Cheryl Tatano - - 2009
Reported international rates of posttraumatic stress disorder due to birth trauma range as high as 5.9%. Trauma associated with perinatal events, however, is often lacking in discussions of women's trauma. The main focus of this article is on the description of 3 qualitative studies on birth trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder ...
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2009
The assumptions on which educators based childbirth education principles were valid when psychoprophylactic birth became available. Yet, educators and health-care providers have changed their assumptions about birth as they have learned more from the midwifery model of care, how women want to give birth, and how capable the body is ...
Tan Cong E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes and other catastrophic events frequently occurring worldwide can be considered as outliers and cause a growing and urgent need to improve our understanding of the negative effects imposed by such disasters. Earthquakes can intensively impact the birth outcomes upon psychological and morphological development of the unborn children, albeit ...
Brooks Maria J - - 2009
The author, a birth doula and Lamaze Certified Childbirth Educator, agreed to attend the birth of a second child to a mother whose military husband was serving overseas. Because labor seemed to be progressing slowly, they waited at a hotel near the birth center. A very quick labor progression led ...
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2009
Teaching normal-birth Lamaze classes normally involves considering the qualities that make birth normal and structuring classes to embrace those qualities. In this column, teaching strategies are suggested for classes that unfold naturally, free from unnecessary interventions.
Nuzum Russell - - 2009
In this column, a father and a mother each share their unique version of their son's natural birth.
Kemp Joy - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to obtain a detailed description of the 36-week birth talk, and how it is delivered to and perceived by women and their birth partners. DESIGN AND METHOD: two qualitative methods: ethnography and interpretative phenomenological analysis. Non-participant observation of five birth talks and in-depth semi-structured interviews with midwives, women and ...
Wagner Katherine E - - 2008
In response to work demonstrating a negative correlation between human staff activity and parturition in laboratory-managed primates, this study examined the distribution of 231 captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) births that occurred in accredited American zoological institutions by the day of the week on which the birth was discovered. We hypothesized ...
Henderson Annette M E AM University of Maryland, College - - 2008
The ability to make sense out of the actions of others is critical to people's daily functioning. Adults are social experts: They understand that people's actions are directed at goals and are driven by intentions. In this article, the authors highlight key findings from studies examining infants' understanding of human ...
Mori R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to obtain the best estimate of intrapartum-related perinatal mortality (IPPM) rates for booked home births. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: England and Wales. SUBJECTS: All births in England and Wales, including home births (intended or unintended) occurring between 1994 and 2003. METHODS: ...
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