Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 617
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van den Boogaard Jossy - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyse factors that contribute to the choice of either traditional birth attendants (TBAs) or skilled birth attendants (SBAs) by inhabitants of Zambia's Lukulu District. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive survey. SETTINGS: Lukulu District, Western Province, Zambia. POPULATION: 1413 participants: parous women, their husbands, village headmen and elderly women. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Nove Andrea - - 2008
This article presents data on trends in the percentage of maternities taking place at home in the UK. As well as the national trend, the article examines how home maternity levels vary according to mother's age, number of previous live births within marriage, country of birth, region, local authority and ...
Dahlen Hannah G - - 2008
The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of a group of first-time mothers who had given birth at home or in hospital in Australia. Data were generated from in-depth interviews with 19 women and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. One of the categories to emerge from ...
Sinnhuber-Giles Laure - - 2008
A young mother shares her story of normal birth at home. Her story includes a thank-you letter written to Ina May Gaskin, who shared her wisdom in her book, Ina May's Guide to Childbirth.
Iijima Shigeo S Department of Pediatrics, Hamamatsu University School of - - 2008
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is characterized by multiple malformations as well as mental and developmental defects resulting from the absence of a distal segment of the short arm of chromosome 4. We experienced an extremely low birthweight infant with WHS. The male infant (birthweight 934 g) was born at 31 weeks' ...
O'Sullivan Sean S - - 2007
The financial issues for birth centres are: Those that conduct a small number of births--certainly those conducting less than 100 births a year--are unlikely to generate income that covers their costs; In future, all community activity will come under PbR and it will then be much easier to identify how ...
Lerchl Alexander - - 2008
A previous study has shown a marked and continuing decline in weekend births in Germany between 1988 and 2003 (Lerchl, Naturwissenschaften 92:592-594, 2005). The present study was performed to investigate the possible influence of caesarean sections (CS) on weekend birth number and on the involvement of midwives in births for ...
Lerchl Alexander - - 2008
Birth dates from almost 3 million babies born between 1969 and 2005 in Switzerland were analyzed for the weekday of birth. As in other countries but with unprecedented amplitude, a very marked non-random distribution was discovered with decreasing numbers of births on weekends, reaching -17.9% in 2005. While most of ...
Ayers Susan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that 1 to 6 percent of women will develop symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder after childbirth. The objective of this study was to examine thoughts and emotions during birth, cognitive processing after birth, and memories of birth that might be important in the development of postnatal ...
Bussey Carie G - - 2007
Nationwide, the proportion of certified nurse-midwife (CNM)-attended births has increased steadily. We examined trends in CNM-attended singleton spontaneous vaginal births between 1995 and 2004 in Washington State by site of birth, payer source, and hospital birth volume. CNMs were more likely than other providers to care for women at risk ...
Henne Melinda B - - 2008
To predict the cost of a delivery following assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Cost analysis based on retrospective chart analysis. University-based ART program. Women aged >or=26 and <or=42 years with FSH levels <or=12 IU/L on day 3 undergoing a first cycle of fresh, nondonor ART. Logit regression using a fractional polynomial ...
Spector Logan G - - 2007
As random digit dialing becomes increasingly unfeasible for many types of studies, alternative methods for control selection are needed, especially for studies of childhood cancer. US birth registries are an appealing source of young control children because they are population based, provide demographic and pregnancy data for comparison of participants ...
Zhang Jun - - 2007
Immunology has been hypothesised to play a critical role in the development of pre-eclampsia. A number of epidemiological studies have shown that multiparous women who changed partner had an increased risk of pre-eclampsia in the following pregnancy compared with multiparous women with the same partner. However, partner change is often ...
Gans Joshua S - - 2007
We estimate the impact of annual obstetricians and gynecologists' conferences on births in Australia and the United States. In both countries, the number of births drops by 2-4 percent during the days on which these conferences are held. Since it is unlikely that parents take these conferences into account when ...
Henne Melinda B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between insurance mandates and the utilization and outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). DESIGN: Using clinic-level data from 1990 to 2001, we examined differences between states with and without insurance mandates in rates of utilization and outcomes of ART using multivariable least squares regression. SETTING: ...
Kukulu Kamile - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: to ascertain the reasons why mothers choose to have a home birth and the factors that influence these reasons. METHODS: this cross-sectional study involved 392 women and was conducted between June and September 2003 in a rural setting in Turkey. The data were collected using a questionnaire developed by ...
Fujiya Rika - - 2007
We investigated the impact of the Palestinians' economic support programmes and the influence of Israeli army invasions on the place of birth during the second Palestinian uprising. We collected data on the number of births by place from the Palestinian Ministry of Health and Holy Family Hospital (HFH) in Bethlehem ...
Hilder Lisa - - 2007
Information about gestational age is important but is not available for live births from registration data. It is, however, collected in NHS Numbers for Babies (NN4B) records. This project investigates the feasibility of linking NN4B data for births in the First quarter of 2005 with birth registration records. Overall 99.8 ...
Kaufman Tamara - - 2007
Many birth professionals are discarding the birth plan as an outdated and ineffectual document. This column discusses the past limitations and present uses of the birth plan in an effort to enhance current teaching on how expectant parents can write and use this important document. Encouraging expectant parents to prepare ...
Romano Amy M - - 2007
In this column, a mother offers her son a poignant description of his home birth, surrounded by family, friends, and two midwives.
Lothian Judith A - - 2007
In this column, a reader expresses concern at the declining number of women attending childbirth classes and her inability to influence a woman's decision to choose normal birth. It may be more effective to market Lamaze as a way to have an easier birth rather than a normal birth. The ...
McGrath Kathy - - 2007
In this column, the author describes tending to a mother who displayed a quiet confidence throughout her pregnancy and birth experience. This birth story provides powerful support for women's inherent ability to give birth. Women already know what they need to give birth simply and easily.
Gauldin Deb - - 2007
In this column, a childbirth educator shares a humorous story about a second grader's show-and-tell description of her brother's home birth.
Leslie Mayri Sagady - - 2007
Although most women in the United States give birth in hospitals, a substantial body of research suggests that planned home birth or birth in freestanding birth centers have equally good or better outcomes for low-risk women. Out-of-hospital birth often facilitates mother-friendly care. Rationales and systematic reviews of both home birth ...
Moran Allisyn C - - 2006
Maternal mortality is a global burden, with more than 500,000 women dying each year due to pregnancy and childbirth-related complications. Birth-preparedness and complication readiness is a comprehensive strategy to improve the use of skilled providers at birth, the key intervention to decrease maternal mortality. Birth-preparedness and complication readiness include many ...
Fahy Kathleen M - - 2006
The theory of Birth Territory describes, explains and predicts the relationships between the environment of the individual birth room, issues of power and control, and the way the woman experiences labour physiologically and emotionally. The theory was synthesised inductively from empirical data generated by the authors in their roles as ...
Borquez Heather A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: to compare the labour and birth experiences of women who delivered at home without complications with the experiences of women who delivered in a birth centre without complications. DESIGN: a descriptive study using postal questionnaires at 1-6 months after birth of a consecutive sample of postpartum women. SETTING: women ...
Janssen Patricia A - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare satisfaction with the birth experience among a population of women planning birth at home versus in hospital. In British Columbia, Canada, all midwives offer women meeting eligibility requirements for homebirth the choice to give birth in hospital or at home. Therefore, satisfaction ...
Yanagisawa Satoko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of skilled and unskilled birth attendance. METHOD: Population-based survey in a rural area in Cambodia, of women aged 15-49 years who had delivered during the previous 3-month period. An analytical framework based on Andersen's behavioural model served to identify determinants according to delivery place (facility ...
Kim Sung Kwon - - 2006
Idiopathic atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini is a form of dermal atrophy of unknown etiology, usually affecting women during their adolescence and young adulthood. A 2-yr-old girl was presented with erythematous atrophic lesion on the right shoulder, which appeared from birth. The histologic findings were consistent with atrophoderma. This patient, ...
Boyd Anne - - 2006
Upon noting that, over the years, normal birth has become less and less a cultural norm in the United States (where cesarean births now approach 30%), a childbirth educator speaks out to say it is time for normal-birth advocates to organize in order to increase efforts at social marketing of ...
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2006
Normal birth has long been promoted by Lamaze International in its mission and vision statements and by the Lamaze Institute for Normal Birth. The Official Lamaze Guide: Giving Birth with Confidence, a book by Judith Lothian and Charlotte DeVries, can be used by birth educators to alter the focus from ...
Hotelling Claire N - - 2006
In this column, an adolescent mother demonstrates how preparation, Lamaze education, supportive caregivers, and an inner wisdom about the normalcy of birth enabled her to have a safe and satisfying birth. The grandmother, an experienced Lamaze educator and doula, also tells of her transformational experience as she watched her daughter ...
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2006
In this column, readers are introduced to Dawn Kersula and a crossword puzzle she designed to refresh and empower Lamaze childbirth education class participants with normal-birth information. The column's author goes on to demonstrate several ways crossword puzzles can be used in Lamaze classes.
Armstrong Fiona - - 2005
After a long history of standoffs, doctors and midwives have again crossed swords over who should provide care for birthing women in Australia. Allegations by obstetricians of higher infant morality rates in birthing units have been met with howls of derision from midwives, who have sharpened the blades in what ...
Lerchl Alexander - - 2005
In 5-year intervals, data from 722,306 individuals born between 1988 and 2003 in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany's largest state, were analyzed for the weekday of birth. In contrast to data from 1900 to 1950 (n=149,267), serving as historical controls, a very marked nonrandom distribution was discovered, with decreasing numbers of ...
Sokol Kerry A - - 2005
The opportunity to trace the evolution of a triplet repeat is rare, especially for seed-plant lineages with a well-defined fossil record. Microsatellite PtTX2133 sequences from 18 species in 2 conifer genera were used to calibrate the birth of a CAGn repeat, from its protomicrosatellite origins to its repeat expansion. Birth ...
Helsen Werner F - - 2005
The potential asymmetries in the birth-date distributions of youth soccer players across ten European countries (2175 age citations) were considered. First, we examined the birth-dates of players representing national youth teams in international competitions. Second, the birth-dates of players representing professional club teams in international youth tournaments were analysed. Kolmogorov-Smirnov ...
Kumar Awadhesh - - 2005
A birth during the day by a capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus Blyth, 1843) was recorded at Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, India. The birth took 43 min. Allomothering was observed 3 h after the birth. An average of 9% of daily active time was shared by four allomothers (three adults, ...
Romero Sharon - - 2005
In an effort to provide a vision of birth to readers, each issue of The Journal of Perinatal Education begins with a birthing story. Often, these stories describe the experience of one woman or one family. In this installment of "Celebrate Birth!" however, the author focuses on an example of ...
Goodman Michael J - - 2005
Our objective was to describe the historical pattern of the decline in weekend births. Data on 906,100 health maintenance organization enrollees' birthdates were analyzed to show patterns of birth by day of week from 1910 to 1999. The decline in Sunday births dates to the 1930s, and the decline in ...
Cimbiz Ali - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to show the effects of infant crawling experience on shoulder and hip range of motion and trunk flexibility. One hundred and twenty children who had attended the Child and Mothers Health Center in Kutahya City of Turkey between 2002 and 2003 were evaluated, and ...
Walker Deborah S - - 2004
The number of midwife-attended births is increasing as reported on birth certificates in the United States. However, there is some evidence that births attended by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) may not be accurately recorded. In this exploratory study, data on birth attendants for those clients giving birth during the study period ...
Maher JaneMaree - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: to investigate midwife experience of the presence of birth support people in the delivery suite. PARTICIPANTS: eighteen midwives working in three hospitals in Melbourne, Australia, who were interviewed over a 3 month period in 2001. METHODS: informant views were gathered via semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed and analysed for ...
Iwamoto Tamio - - 2004
The two stimulatory G protein alpha subunits, Galphas and Galphaolf, activate adenylyl cyclase in a similar way. We examined whether type 5 adenylyl cyclase knockout, the major striatal isoform, can differentially and/or developmentally change the expression of these G proteins in the striatum. Galphas and Galphaolf expressions at birth were ...
Woodward Graham L - - 2003
To examine unregistered births in Ontario and consider related factors, including adoption of administrative fees for birth registration. Documents from both the parents and the attending physician are required for births to be entered into Ontario's live birth database. Our study used data from the Ontario Registrar General to look ...
Koya Yasunori - - 2003
The ontogenetic development of gonads from embryo to adult was observed histologically in the viviparous teleost, Gambusia affinis. Primordial germ cells (PGCs) appeared in the subendodermal space of the embryo 14 days before birth, and then transferred to the dorsal mesentery to form paired genital ridges 12 days before birth. ...
Dekker Gus - - 2003
Recent Norwegian data suggest the presence of a causal relationship between prolonged birth intervals and the risk for preeclampsia in subsequent pregnancies. It has been proposed that the birth interval data explain the known association between a change in paternity and the risk for preeclampsia. In this review, the authors ...
Salazar Ignacio - - 2003
The morphological development of the vomeronasal organ (VNO) and accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) of the sheep from anlage to birth were studied by classical and histochemical methods using embryos and fetuses obtained from an abattoir with ages estimated from crown-to-rump length. Both VNO and AOB developed in a biologically logical ...
Janssen Patricia A - - 2003
Midwifery emerged as a self-regulated profession in British Columbia in the context of a 2-year demonstration project beginning in 1998. The project evaluated accountability among midwives, defined as the provision of safe and appropriate care and maintenance of standards of communication set by the College of Midwives of British Columbia. ...
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