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Results 451 - 500 of 588
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Moran Allisyn C - - 2006
Maternal mortality is a global burden, with more than 500,000 women dying each year due to pregnancy and childbirth-related complications. Birth-preparedness and complication readiness is a comprehensive strategy to improve the use of skilled providers at birth, the key intervention to decrease maternal mortality. Birth-preparedness and complication readiness include many ...
Fahy Kathleen M - - 2006
The theory of Birth Territory describes, explains and predicts the relationships between the environment of the individual birth room, issues of power and control, and the way the woman experiences labour physiologically and emotionally. The theory was synthesised inductively from empirical data generated by the authors in their roles as ...
Borquez Heather A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: to compare the labour and birth experiences of women who delivered at home without complications with the experiences of women who delivered in a birth centre without complications. DESIGN: a descriptive study using postal questionnaires at 1-6 months after birth of a consecutive sample of postpartum women. SETTING: women ...
Janssen Patricia A - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare satisfaction with the birth experience among a population of women planning birth at home versus in hospital. In British Columbia, Canada, all midwives offer women meeting eligibility requirements for homebirth the choice to give birth in hospital or at home. Therefore, satisfaction ...
Yanagisawa Satoko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of skilled and unskilled birth attendance. METHOD: Population-based survey in a rural area in Cambodia, of women aged 15-49 years who had delivered during the previous 3-month period. An analytical framework based on Andersen's behavioural model served to identify determinants according to delivery place (facility ...
Kim Sung Kwon - - 2006
Idiopathic atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini is a form of dermal atrophy of unknown etiology, usually affecting women during their adolescence and young adulthood. A 2-yr-old girl was presented with erythematous atrophic lesion on the right shoulder, which appeared from birth. The histologic findings were consistent with atrophoderma. This patient, ...
Boyd Anne - - 2006
Upon noting that, over the years, normal birth has become less and less a cultural norm in the United States (where cesarean births now approach 30%), a childbirth educator speaks out to say it is time for normal-birth advocates to organize in order to increase efforts at social marketing of ...
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2006
Normal birth has long been promoted by Lamaze International in its mission and vision statements and by the Lamaze Institute for Normal Birth. The Official Lamaze Guide: Giving Birth with Confidence, a book by Judith Lothian and Charlotte DeVries, can be used by birth educators to alter the focus from ...
Hotelling Claire N - - 2006
In this column, an adolescent mother demonstrates how preparation, Lamaze education, supportive caregivers, and an inner wisdom about the normalcy of birth enabled her to have a safe and satisfying birth. The grandmother, an experienced Lamaze educator and doula, also tells of her transformational experience as she watched her daughter ...
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2006
In this column, readers are introduced to Dawn Kersula and a crossword puzzle she designed to refresh and empower Lamaze childbirth education class participants with normal-birth information. The column's author goes on to demonstrate several ways crossword puzzles can be used in Lamaze classes.
Armstrong Fiona - - 2005
After a long history of standoffs, doctors and midwives have again crossed swords over who should provide care for birthing women in Australia. Allegations by obstetricians of higher infant morality rates in birthing units have been met with howls of derision from midwives, who have sharpened the blades in what ...
Lerchl Alexander - - 2005
In 5-year intervals, data from 722,306 individuals born between 1988 and 2003 in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany's largest state, were analyzed for the weekday of birth. In contrast to data from 1900 to 1950 (n=149,267), serving as historical controls, a very marked nonrandom distribution was discovered, with decreasing numbers of ...
Sokol Kerry A - - 2005
The opportunity to trace the evolution of a triplet repeat is rare, especially for seed-plant lineages with a well-defined fossil record. Microsatellite PtTX2133 sequences from 18 species in 2 conifer genera were used to calibrate the birth of a CAGn repeat, from its protomicrosatellite origins to its repeat expansion. Birth ...
Helsen Werner F - - 2005
The potential asymmetries in the birth-date distributions of youth soccer players across ten European countries (2175 age citations) were considered. First, we examined the birth-dates of players representing national youth teams in international competitions. Second, the birth-dates of players representing professional club teams in international youth tournaments were analysed. Kolmogorov-Smirnov ...
Kumar Awadhesh - - 2005
A birth during the day by a capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus Blyth, 1843) was recorded at Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, India. The birth took 43 min. Allomothering was observed 3 h after the birth. An average of 9% of daily active time was shared by four allomothers (three adults, ...
Romero Sharon - - 2005
In an effort to provide a vision of birth to readers, each issue of The Journal of Perinatal Education begins with a birthing story. Often, these stories describe the experience of one woman or one family. In this installment of "Celebrate Birth!" however, the author focuses on an example of ...
Goodman Michael J - - 2005
Our objective was to describe the historical pattern of the decline in weekend births. Data on 906,100 health maintenance organization enrollees' birthdates were analyzed to show patterns of birth by day of week from 1910 to 1999. The decline in Sunday births dates to the 1930s, and the decline in ...
Cimbiz Ali - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to show the effects of infant crawling experience on shoulder and hip range of motion and trunk flexibility. One hundred and twenty children who had attended the Child and Mothers Health Center in Kutahya City of Turkey between 2002 and 2003 were evaluated, and ...
Walker Deborah S - - 2004
The number of midwife-attended births is increasing as reported on birth certificates in the United States. However, there is some evidence that births attended by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) may not be accurately recorded. In this exploratory study, data on birth attendants for those clients giving birth during the study period ...
Maher JaneMaree - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: to investigate midwife experience of the presence of birth support people in the delivery suite. PARTICIPANTS: eighteen midwives working in three hospitals in Melbourne, Australia, who were interviewed over a 3 month period in 2001. METHODS: informant views were gathered via semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed and analysed for ...
Iwamoto Tamio - - 2004
The two stimulatory G protein alpha subunits, Galphas and Galphaolf, activate adenylyl cyclase in a similar way. We examined whether type 5 adenylyl cyclase knockout, the major striatal isoform, can differentially and/or developmentally change the expression of these G proteins in the striatum. Galphas and Galphaolf expressions at birth were ...
Woodward Graham L - - 2003
To examine unregistered births in Ontario and consider related factors, including adoption of administrative fees for birth registration. Documents from both the parents and the attending physician are required for births to be entered into Ontario's live birth database. Our study used data from the Ontario Registrar General to look ...
Koya Yasunori - - 2003
The ontogenetic development of gonads from embryo to adult was observed histologically in the viviparous teleost, Gambusia affinis. Primordial germ cells (PGCs) appeared in the subendodermal space of the embryo 14 days before birth, and then transferred to the dorsal mesentery to form paired genital ridges 12 days before birth. ...
Dekker Gus - - 2003
Recent Norwegian data suggest the presence of a causal relationship between prolonged birth intervals and the risk for preeclampsia in subsequent pregnancies. It has been proposed that the birth interval data explain the known association between a change in paternity and the risk for preeclampsia. In this review, the authors ...
Salazar Ignacio - - 2003
The morphological development of the vomeronasal organ (VNO) and accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) of the sheep from anlage to birth were studied by classical and histochemical methods using embryos and fetuses obtained from an abattoir with ages estimated from crown-to-rump length. Both VNO and AOB developed in a biologically logical ...
Janssen Patricia A - - 2003
Midwifery emerged as a self-regulated profession in British Columbia in the context of a 2-year demonstration project beginning in 1998. The project evaluated accountability among midwives, defined as the provision of safe and appropriate care and maintenance of standards of communication set by the College of Midwives of British Columbia. ...
Mains Heather - - 2003
By tracing powerful patriarchal words originally applied to mass production, military manoeuvres, building construction and war, and then ascribing them to birth we can see how Western culture denounces the mother's true role as the central and essential figure in the birth of her own children. Many words for birth ...
Landau Gila - - 2003
As the physiological birth of the human infant precedes the psychological birth, the technology that has enabled birth of a child through donor fertility treatments may precede the psychological birth of the parent to such a child. The clinical vignette describes the therapy of a man preoccupied with the secret ...
McCool William F - - 2002
The picture of birth in the United States today is complex and, as the data above indicates, difficult to describe in simplistic terms. Though many women today have come to believe that there are choices surrounding pregnancy and birth, the beliefs and practices of providers, insurers, and hospital administrators play ...
Johnson M P - - 2002
Men's stress and their experiences of reproduction have yet to be fully explored. This study aims to examine the subjective stress experienced by men during their partner's pregnancy, at the time of the birth and six weeks postpartum by means of a longitudinal study of 53 men's reproductive experience. Further, ...
Douglas A J - - 2002
The role of oxytocin in parturition in mice was investigated. Pup birth profiles, blood samples and brains were collected from parturient mice observed under red light conditions in a reversed light:dark photoperiod. Peripheral administration of an oxytocin antagonist in a dose-dependent manner delayed the birth of subsequent pups, indicating that ...
Mahera Jane-Maree - - 2002
This paper draws on a study of birth support conducted across three Melbourne maternity units. Midwife informants were asked to participate in semistructured interviews with two researchers and describe the activity and role of lay birth support people. In the course of the study, the activity of the midwives themselves ...
Gemmell R T - - 2002
As in eutherians, maturation of the fetal pituitary and adrenal glands together with an increase in prostaglandin and mesotocin or oxytocin production initiates birth in marsupials. In this study, prostaglandin (Lutalyse) or oxytocin (Syntocinon) were administered to pregnant bandicoots at 05:00 h on the calculated day of birth and the ...
Parratt Jenny - - 2002
This paper reports and comments on quantitative aspects of 440 planned homebirths attended by registered midwives in Victoria during the three years studied, 1995-1998. The spontaneous labour rate was 96.4%, and 91.6% of women planning a home birth experienced a spontaneous cephalic birth. The overall transfer to hospital rate was ...
Bing Elisabeth - - 2002
This paper is an account of the author's observation of three Amish births in 1972, one in a home and two in a hospital. This 30-year-old story illustrates normal birth among a group dedicated to "low-tech" living. Although some aspects of Amish life and birth may have changed in the ...
Hunt Linda M - - 2002
This study was designed to better understand how women in a developing region choose between the multiple options available to them for birthing. We conducted focused, open-ended ethnographic interviews with 38 nonindigenous, economically marginal women in Chiapas, Mexico. We found that although medical services for birthing were readily available to ...
Lothian Judith A - - 2002
In this column, the author examines the safety and advantages of home birth. She urges childbirth educators to promote normal birth by encouraging pregnant women to consider the option of home birth.
Lothian Judith A - - 2002
This column discusses ways in which childbirth educators can promote, protect, and support normal birth to help make it the standard.
- - 2002
Couples who space their births 3 to 5 years apart increase their children's chances of survival, and mothers are more likely to survive, too, according to new research. Many women want to space births longer than they currently do. Programs can do more to help them achieve the birth intervals ...
Yamane A - - 2001
There are no published studies on synaptogenesis focusing on the elimination of the superfluous nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) outside the neuromuscular junction and the nAChR subunit switch from the embryonic-type (alpha2betagammadelta subunits) to the adult-type (alpha2betaepsilondelta subunits) in mouse tongues. To identify the time course of nAChR subunit elimination and ...
Lothian J A - - 2001
In this column, the author answers the question, "Is choosing to give birth naturally a realistic option in today's birth environment?" Women's choices of health care provider and place of birth are limited by the general belief that birth is safe only in the hospital and when managed by obstetric ...
Roberts L - - 2001
BirthCare HealthCare is a multidisciplinary health care clinic and freestanding birth center in Salt Lake City, Utah. Highlights of a woman's labor assessment and birth outcomes are summarized in a paper birth log. The authors developed a relational database that facilitates efficient outcomes reporting. Examples of outcomes from this database ...
Moore M L - - 2001
Research studies conducted recently in hospitals located in Switzerland and Canada reveal the importance of birth philosophies in attaining successful birth practices and outcomes.
van de Walle E - - 2000
Medieval and Renaissance tales are remarkable for their frank discussion of sexual practices, including birth control. Italian and French writings are the most explicit. Contraception and abortions are often treated as 'secrets', esoteric practices acquired from experts. The concealment of pregnancy is presented as an alternative form of birth control, ...
Sørensen H T - - 2000
We examined the relation between place of birth and cognitive function in young adult life in a historical cohort study based upon birth data from the computerized Danish Medical Birth Registry and cognitive function as measured at time of drafting for military service in two Danish counties. The cohort included ...
Eberhard J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Because of popular demand for more natural childbirth, a new concept was introduced in 1991 in our clinic. It consisted of careful monitoring and birth management, restrictive use of invasive methods, and free choice of different birth methods including waterbirths and other alternative birth methods. Our aim was to ...
Geissbühler V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Waterbirths were introduced in 1991 as part of a new birth concept which consisted of careful monitoring and birth management, restrictive use of invasive methods and free choice of different birth methods. METHODS: After the introduction of this new birth concept a prospective observational study was initiated. All parturients ...
Hernández M - - 2000
We studied the 20th-century evolution of the Rapanui population of Easter Island, the most geographically isolated in the world, to analyze the current process of admixture. Using parochial birth records, we determined origin of the birth parents based on their surnames. The origin of parents reveals two stages of population ...
Merli M G - - 2000
Under the current family planning policy in China, the criterion for evaluating all parties involved in the birth planning system provides an incentive for everyone to see that the policy is met, either in reality through strict enforcement of family planning regulations, or statistically through manipulation of statistical records. We ...
Holian J - - 2000
Using records from Ohio annual vital statistics tapes, we describe a method for linking live birth and infant death certificates and for dealing with late-registered and unregistered births. In our 1985-87 Cleveland and East Cleveland study population, deceased infants with late-registered births were found to be similar to those with ...
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