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Tognetti Linda L Department of Dermatology, University of Siena, Siena, - - 2014
A 7-day-old infant developed erythematous indurated plaques on the back, left shoulder, and arm a few days after therapeutic hypothermia. Ultrasonographic study along with Doppler blood flow analysis of lesional skin areas revealed flogistic fat involvement and calcifications. On the basis of clinical appearance, patient history, and ultrasonographic study, a ...
Eger Sh Westby SW Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Norway; Department of Pediatrics, Haukeland University Hospital, - - 2014
Fetoplacental Doppler abnormalities have been associated with increased neonatal mortality and morbidity. This study evaluated the associations between prenatal Doppler assessments and neonatal mortality and morbidity in premature infants born small for gestational age or after pre-eclampsia. This was a population-based study of infants born alive at 22(0) - 33(6) ...
van Vonderen Jeroen J JJ Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Background: During neonatal transition, ductus arteriosus (DA) flow changes from right-to-left to left-to-right and contributes considerably to the increase in pulmonary blood flow. Large transpulmonary pressures generated by crying at birth can influence the DA shunt. Objective: This study aimed to assess differences in DA shunt during quiet breathing and ...
Rugolotto S S Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Mother and Child, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona, Verona, - - 2014
Temporary tracheal balloons have been shown to improve lung growth in fetuses with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Fetoscopic Endoluminal Tracheal Occlusion (FETO) is performed at 26-28 weeks gestation, and then is removed in utero at 34 weeks gestation at highly specialized centers. In case of preterm labor at a hospital ...
Gyamfi-Bannerman Cynthia C Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2014
For the first time in decades, the rate of U.S. preterm delivery has declined consistently since 2005. Recent nationwide policies enforcing elective delivery at or beyond 39 weeks of gestation suggest this decrease may be the result of changes in practice patterns; however, this is not known. Thus, we sought ...
Babineau Mireille M Département de - - 2014
In previous infant studies on statistics-based word segmentation, the unit of statistical computation was always aligned with the syllabic edge, which had a consonant onset. The current study addressed whether the learning system imposes a constraint that favors word forms beginning with a consonant onset over those beginning with an ...
Juliano Courtney C Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Columbia University, New - - 2014
Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) premature infants experience numerous, often self-limited non-bradycardic episodes of intermittent hypoxemia (IH). We hypothesized that these episodes of IH affect postnatal white matter (WM) development causing hypomyelination and neurological handicap in the absence of cellular degeneration. Based on clinical data from ten VLBW neonates; a ...
Fatani Tarah - - 2014
BackgroundVitamin D is essential for bone mineralization, particularly in premature infants. For nearly 20 years, Quebec has offered a program of free vitamin D supplements via its public medication insurance plan Régie de l¿Assurance Maladie du Québec (RAMQ). The objective of this study is to evaluate the number of preterm infants ...
Garcia-Algar Oscar O Unitat de Recerca Infancia i Entorn (URIE), Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), C/Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2015
Air pollutants have been linked with a number of adverse health effects. Children are especially sensitive, particularly when they get close to the exhaust emissions of the vehicles on the street. The objective of this study was to measure the different exposure of infants and adults to ultrafine particles (UFP) ...
Omarsdottir S S Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate the predictors of maternal milk feeds (MMFs) in extremely preterm (EPT) infants during neonatal stay.Study Design:Maternal characteristics, obstetrical data and infant characteristics were correlated to MMFs in 97 EPT infants during the first 6 weeks of life and at hospital discharge.Result:High MMFs (>90%) at second week predicted sustained ...
Engelhardt Erin E School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, - - 2014
Objective: Evaluate the influence of preterm birth and other factors on cerebral cortical maturation. Methods: We have evaluated the effects of preterm birth on cortical folding by applying cortical cartography methods to a cohort of 52 preterm infants (< 31 weeks gestation, mild or no injury on conventional MRI) and ...
Ambalavanan Namasivayam N Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
To determine the association of arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide PaCO2 with severe intraventricular haemorrhage (sIVH), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 18-22 months in premature infants. Secondary exploratory data analysis of Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomised Trial (SUPPORT). Multiple referral neonatal intensive care units. 1316 infants ...
Smith A A Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2014
Early diagnosis and effective treatment of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in infants less than 32 weeks gestation remains contentious. To determine which clinical and echocardiographic parameters are associated with PDA patency in preterm infants less than 32 weeks gestation. This was a prospective cohort study. An echocardiography (echo) was performed within ...
Waitz Markus M Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Ulm University Medical Center, Ulm, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effect of automated adjustment of the inspired oxygen fraction (FiO2) on arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) in very low birth weight infants with frequent fluctuations in oxygenation. Fifteen infants (median gestational age, 25 weeks [range, 23-28 weeks]; median age, 34 days [range, 19-74 days]) were assigned ...
Prentice Philippa P Department of Pediatrics, University of Cambridge MRL Wellcome Trust-MRC Institute of Metabolic Science, NIHR Cambridge Comprehensive Biomedical Research Center, Cambridge, United - - 2014
To evaluate lipidomic differences between breast- and formula-fed infants. We utilized high-resolution mass-spectrometry methods to analyze 3.2 mm dried blood spot samples collected at ages 3 months (n = 241) and 12 months (n = 144) from a representative birth cohort study. Lipidomic profiles were compared between infants exclusively breast-fed, formula-fed, or mixed-fed, and related to 12-month ...
Dreyer ZoAnn E ZE Texas Children's Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Infants with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) present with aggressive disease and a poor prognosis. Early relapse within 6-9 months of diagnosis is common. Approximately 75% of infants have MLL-rearranged (MLL-R) ALL with event free survival (EFS) ranging from 20% to 30%. Children's Oncology Group (COG) P9407 used shortened (46 weeks), ...
Beck Jess J Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, 1085 South University, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Since 1998, over 5500 people have died while attempting to cross the U.S.-Mexico border without authorization. These deaths have primarily occured in the Arizona desert. Despite the high volume of deaths, little experimental work has been conducted on Sonoran Desert taphonomy. In this study, pig carcasses were used as proxies ...
Mogos Mulubrhan F MF Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA - - 2014
Our purpose was to estimate the national prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among delivery-related discharges and to investigate its association with adverse feto-maternal birth outcomes and delivery-related cost. A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of delivery-related hospital discharges from 2002 to 2009 was conducted using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). We ...
Verhagen Elise A EA Division of Neonatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the - - 2014
The aim of the study was to determine whether regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (rc SO2 ) and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE), using near-infrared spectroscopy, are associated with neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants. We measured rc SO2 on days 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, and 15 after birth ...
Minowa Hideki H Department of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Nara Prefecture General Medical - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine the incidence, risk factors, and natural history of respiratory inhibition after crying (RIAC) and feeding hypoxemia. Methods: We screened for RIAC and feeding hypoxemia among 393 infants with a gestational age ≥ 36 weeks using pulse oximetry. Twenty-seven infants were treated in the neonatal intensive care ...
Ikonen Riikka - - 2014
To pilot two instruments: Breastfeeding Advice and Coping with Breastfeeding in NICU settings. Psychometric testing of the Breastfeeding Advice and Coping with Breastfeeding instruments. Mothers (N = 47) with singleton or twin preterm (≤36 + 6 gestation weeks) infant(s) (N = 55) at discharge collected from seven NICUs in Finland. ...
Haraldsdottir Sigridur S Centre of Public Health Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland; Division of Health Information and Research, Directorate of Health, Reykjavik, - - 2014
To describe pregnancy complications, mode of delivery and neonatal outcomes by mother's residence. Register-based cohort study. Geographical regions of Iceland. Live singleton births from January 1 2000 to December 31 2009 (n=40 982) and stillbirths ≥22 weeks or weighing ≥500 g (n=145). Logistic regression was used to explore differences in ...
Hsu Shuo-Tse ST Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, - - 2014
There are limited nationwide data relating to neonatal mortality rate in Taiwan. This study aims to provide updated national birth weight/gestational age-specific neonatal mortality reference rates. We abstracted the birth registration database from the Ministry of Interior in Taiwan from 1998 to 2002 and linked the data to the death ...
Lannert Brittany K BK Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, - - 2014
The relational model of trauma (Scheeringa & Zeanah, 2001) proposes that infants' trauma symptoms may be influenced by their mothers' trauma symptoms and disruptions in caregiving behavior, although the mechanisms by which this occurs are less well understood. In this research, we examined the direct and indirect effects of a ...
Oza Shefali S Maternal Adolescent Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2014
The days immediately after birth are the most risky for human survival, yet neonatal mortality risks are generally not reported by day. Early neonatal deaths are sometimes under-reported or might be misclassified by day of death or as stillbirths. We modelled daily neonatal mortality risk and estimated the proportion of ...
Smyser Christopher D CD Department of Neurology Department of - - 2014
Premature birth is associated with high rates of motor and cognitive disability. Investigations have described resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) correlates of prematurity in older children, but comparable data in the neonatal period remain scarce. We studied 25 term-born control infants within the first week of life and 25 ...
Kraaijenga Juliette V JV Department of Neonatology, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Chest impedance (CI) is the current standard for cardio-respiratory monitoring in preterm infants but fails to provide direct and quantitative information on diaphragmatic activity. Transcutaneous electromyography (dEMG) is able to measure diaphragmatic activity, but its feasibility and repeatability to monitor respiratory rate (RR) and heart rate (HR) in preterm infants ...
Gizzi Camilla C Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Pediatric and Neonatal Department, "S.Giovanni Calibita" Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
Apnoea, desaturations and bradycardias are common problems in preterm infants which can be treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV). It is unclear whether synchronised NIPPV (SNIPPV) would be even more effective. To assess the effects of flow-SNIPPV, NIPPV and NCPAP on ...
Chisholm Karen M KM Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy (FTV) is a recently described placental diagnosis associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. The Society for Pediatric Pathology proposed criteria for grading; however, no study has evaluated the proposed thresholds or established standards for large-vessel lesions. Using the Society for Pediatric Pathology criteria of 2 or more foci ...
Cortez John M JM Jr Auritec Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 2285 E. Foothill Blvd., Pasadena, - - 2014
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-1 remains a global health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations advise the administration of a once-daily, oral, prophylactic regimen of the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor nevirapine (NVP) from birth until four to six weeks of age for infants born to HIV-infected mothers in regions ...
Min Se-Ra SR Department of Pediatrics, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, South - - 2014
Umbilical artery catheterization is the standard procedure for arterial access in neonatal intensive care units. An umbilical arterial catheter (UAC) needs to be placed accurately during the initial insertion because malpositioning increases catheter-related complications and subsequent repositioning exposes newborns to unnecessary handling, further radiologic exposure, and an increased risk of ...
Wolthuis-Stigter Mechteld I MI Research and Innovation Group Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate whether a specific period after birth (in weeks postmenstrual age [PMA]) and specific elements of sucking are associated with abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 2 years using a longitudinal approach. Fifty-two preterm infants participated in this longitudinal cohort study (mean gestational age, 29.5 weeks; mean birth weight, 1197 g). We assessed ...
Liao Steve Ming-Che SM Division of Newborn Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
Objective Several recent intraventricular hemorrhage prevention bundles include midline head positioning to prevent potential disturbances in cerebral hemodynamics. We aimed to study the impact of head position change on regional cerebral saturations (SctO2) in preterm infants (< 30 weeks gestational age) during the first 3 days of life. Study Design Bilateral SctO2 ...
Chen Sharon S Pediatric Cardiology, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University, Palo Alto, Calif., - - 2014
Background: Use of non-invasive peripheral arterial tonometry to assess arterial stiffness has not been studied in neonates. Perinatal factors impact childhood vascular health, but the effect in neonates remains to be examined. Objectives: To examine the feasibility of pulse wave velocity (PWV) among healthy term neonates, and to evaluate the ...
Bailey Beth A BA From the Department of Family Medicine and the College of Nursing, East Tennessee State University, Johnson - - 2014
Infants delivered at ≥37 weeks' gestation are considered full term, but research has demonstrated those born at 37 to 38 weeks (early term) have a higher risk for poor birth outcomes than deliveries at 39 to 41 weeks (full term). Despite this, many deliveries occur electively (scheduled, no medical indication) ...
Prinds Christina C Institute of Public Health (Ms Prinds and Drs Skytthe and Hvidt) and Institute of Clinical Research (Dr Hvidtjørn), University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark; and Department of Gynaechology and Obstetrics, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, Denmark (Dr - - 2014
Research indicates that childbirth is a time when a woman might experience existential disruptions and gain new perspectives on life. The 2-fold aim of this study was to investigate whether attitudes related to existential meaning among first-time mothers intensify and whether they differ between mothers who gave birth at full ...
Bera Alpanamayi A Department of Neonatology, Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education & Research (IPGME&R) and Seth Sukhlal Karnani Memorial Hospital (SSKM) Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW; <2500 g), which is often associated with preterm birth, is a common problem in India. Both are recognized risk factors for neonatal mortality. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a non-conventional, low-cost method for newborn care based upon intimate skin-to-skin contact between mother and baby. Our objective ...
Reuter Suzanne - - 2014
The "Golden Hour," the first 60 minutes following the birth of an extremely premature infant, are perhaps the most important of his or her life. Specific attention to respiratory management, temperature regulation, and vascular access, undertaken via a standardized approach may have immeasurable long-term benefits, and make the difference between ...
Steiner Manuel M Division of Neonatology, Pediatric Intensive Care and Neuropediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
The study investigated early postnatal vital signs in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants who later developed patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We hypothesised that the early postnatal course of vital signs and blood gas variables might differ between infants whose PDA closed spontaneously, those who responded to ibuprofen and those ...
Joseph Desaline D Division of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK College of Medicine, Biological Sciences and Psychology, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
To investigate the emergence of biological rhythms in the first months of life in human infants, by measuring age-related changes in core body temperature during night-time sleep, hormones (cortisol and 6-sulfatoxymelatonin) and the expression of a clock-controlled gene H3f3b in oral epithelial cells. Observational longitudinal study. We measured overnight core ...
Hillairet de Boisferon Anne A LPNC (CNRS UMR 5105) - Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, - - 2014
At 3-4 months of age, infants respond to gender information in human faces. Specifically, young infants display a visual preference toward female over male faces. In three experiments, using a visual preference task, we investigated the role of hairline information in this bias. In Experiment 1, we presented male and ...
Kubicek Claudia C Department of Developmental Psychology, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study examined whether infant-directed (ID) speech facilitates intersensory matching of audio-visual fluent speech in 12-month-old infants. German-learning infants' audio-visual matching ability of German and French fluent speech was assessed by using a variant of the intermodal matching procedure, with auditory and visual speech information presented sequentially. In Experiment ...
Hazen Nancy L NL University of Texas at - - 2014
We examined whether a maximum threshold of time spent in nonmaternal care exists, beyond which infants have an increased risk of forming a disorganized infant-mother attachment. The hours per week infants spent in nonmaternal care at 7-8 months were examined as a continuous measure and as a dichotomous threshold (over ...
Ahlsson Fredrik F From the aDepartment of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; bClincial Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; cDepartment of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; and dDepartment of Economics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, - - 2014
An increased risk of poor school performance for children born preterm has been shown in many studies, but whether this increase is attributable to preterm birth per se or to other factors associated with preterm birth has not been resolved. We used data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register, the ...
Tuuli Methodius G MG Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that umbilical cord arterial lactate is superior to pH for predicting short-term neonatal morbidity at term. We conducted a prospective cohort study of all consecutive, non-anomalous, singleton, vertex, term births from 2009 to 2012 at Washington University Medical Center. Umbilical arterial lactate and pH were measured ...
Aoki Rika R Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan Department of Pediatrics, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, - - 2014
At birth, dynamic changes occur in serum components and hemodynamics, such as closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA). A previous study demonstrated that in full-term human neonates serum osmolality decreased transiently after birth, but recovered over the next few days. However, the significance of this transient decrease in osmolality has ...
Ardeshir Amir A California National Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2014
Diet has a strong influence on the intestinal microbiota in both humans and animal models. It is well established that microbial colonization is required for normal development of the immune system and that specific microbial constituents prompt the differentiation or expansion of certain immune cell subsets. Nonetheless, it has been ...
Rogers Ian Munro IM SUNDERLAND, 46 Whitburn Road, Cleadon, SR67QS, - - 2014
Miller in an analysis of 50 neonates in 1941 demonstrated that there was a wave of hyperacidity which started a few hours after birth and lasted around 2 days. Thereafter acidity was low until it began to rise again at around 10 days. He speculated that a maternal hormone- a ...
Harabor Andrei A Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. - - 2014
To review umbilical venous catheter (UVC) placement in neonates who underwent targeted neonatal echocardiography (TNE) and to correlate catheter tip placement on TNE and anteroposterior thoracoabdominal radiography. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 51 neonates who had UVC positions assessed by TNE and radiography in a neonatal intensive care unit ...
Mirza Hussnain H Department of Pediatrics, Women & Infants Hospital/The Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, - - 2014
To determine whether early pulmonary hypertension (PH) at 10-14 days of life in preterm infants is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA). This was a prospective observational cohort study of infants <28 weeks' gestation. Exclusion criteria were any major anomaly, genetic syndrome, or death before the initial echocardiogram. ...
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