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Results 401 - 450 of 489
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Kurland G - - 1987
Two infants developed evidence of antidiuretic hormone excess as a complication of infant botulism. Neither child received mechanical ventilatory support before the development of hyponatremia, serum hyposmolality, and urinary hyperosmolality. Both infants responded to fluid-intake restriction. The appearance of hyponatremia in an infant with botulism should suggest antidiuretic hormone excess. ...
Valente A - - 1987
During a period of 4 1/2 years, 37 infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia were treated. The overall survival rate was 68%. Survival depended more on cardiopulmonary function than the size of the diaphragmatic defect. There was little evidence that infants with agenesis of the diaphragm formed a special group with ...
Sakai H - - 1987
To determine whether surgical repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CHD) results in improvement in respiratory mechanics, we measured respiratory system compliance in nine patients (five survivors and four nonsurvivors) before and after operation. In all nine infants, CHD was diagnosed within 6 hours of life, and surgical repair was through ...
Benacerraf B R - - 1987
Nineteen cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed in utero are reported with emphasis on sonographic findings, associated congenital and karyotypic abnormalities, the presence or absence of polyhydramnios, and clinical outcome. The survival of these infants was very poor despite accurate prenatal diagnosis, maximal surgical and medical treatment and maximal postnatal ...
Slim M S - - 1987
A review of 52 consecutive cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia composed of 36 cases of Bochdalek hernia (B.H.) 13 of diaphragmatic eventration (D.E.), and 3 of diaphragmatic agenesis (D.A.) is reviewed critically. The operative mortality rate in Bochdalek hernia was 8.3% but became 20% with reference to the 15 infants ...
Ryan P J - - 1987
Infant botulism is a rare disease with previous reports in Australia originating from its southern states. The first case to be recognized from Queensland is described in a four-month-old white girl. Complications included respiratory failure, the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, urinary tract infection and autonomic dysfunction.
McGregor S J - - 1987
IgG, C3 and transferrin in peritoneal dialysis effluent of patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) were 1%-2% of those in serum. In contrast, the values in normal peritoneal fluid were not significantly different from those in serum. The three proteins correlated with each other in peritoneal dialysis effluent, but ...
Storm W W Department of Paediatrics, St. Vincenz Krankenhaus, Padeborn, - - 1987
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia usually causes severe respiratory distress presenting in the first hours of life. There is, however, a group of patients who may be asymptomatic during the perinatal period, but manifest the abnormality after days, weeks and even years. We report a delayed onset of left-sided diaphragmatic hernia in ...
Lukusa T - - 1986
Here we describe a 6-week-old infant with internal male pseudo-hermaphroditism, detected during the repair of a left inguinoscrotal hernia. We advocate early orchidopexy during a first laparatomy and call attention to the risk of adhesions and subsequent complications if the gonads are replaced into the peritoneal cavity in advance of ...
Flüeler U - - 1986
We have investigated a personal series of 90 patients with the ("classical") peripheral form of neurofibromatosis (NF) for iris hamartomata (IH). Of subjects aged 6 years or older, 97% had IH. IH were unilateral in 8 patients. IH were not found in 44 unaffected first degree relatives of patients with ...
Istre G R - - 1986
Through Dec 31, 1985, there have been six cases of infant botulism reported in Colorado. Three of these infants have lived in the same town of 800 people in western Colorado. Two of these three infants developed infant botulism within a six-month period in late 1981. The infants lived approximately ...
Powell T G - - 1986
Prevalence and incidence of inguinal hernia in a representative sample of low birthweight survivors were determined by tracing children at 3 years of age. Prevalence was examined in relation to perinatal factors recorded in hospital case notes, using a logistic regression model to allow for confounding variables. Of the 1074 ...
Warady B A - - 1986
Little recorded experience exists concerning the use of chronic peritoneal dialysis in the infant. We herein report the results of a multidisciplinary approach to two infants who were treated with a unique modification of "short-dwell" peritoneal dialysis. A single-bag technique was devised in the hopes of reducing glucose absorption and ...
Tepas J J JJ - - 1986
The effect of using 6 months as the cutoff age for automatic exploration of the asymptomatic contralateral side in male infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy was studied by evaluating the operative findings and follow-up of 300 consecutive male infants admitted for symptomatic unilateral groin hernias. Males under the age of 6 ...
Peevy K J - - 1986
We have studied the epidemiology of inguinal hernias in preterm infants. Inguinal hernias occur with increased frequency in infants less than or equal to 32 weeks' gestational age or less than or equal to 1,250 g birth weight. Among infants less than or equal to 32 weeks' gestational age, intrauterine ...
McCroskey L M - - 1986
The apparent causative organism from the only reported case of type E infant botulism was isolated and characterized. Except for its ability to produce type E botulinal toxin, this organism (strain 5262) would be unquestionably identified as Clostridium butyricum. This is the second time an organism resembling a defined Clostridium ...
McDonald P J - - 1986
Over a 10-year period, 47 infants with congenital hypertrophic stenosis underwent Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy in a district general hospital. The operations were carried out by 10 surgeons-6 consultants and 4 registrars. There were 3 major wound infections and 3 incisional hernias. One infant was referred to a specialist centre for reoperation.
Groff D B - - 1985
Sixteen premature infants were operated on during the two-year period from 1981 through 1982 for inguinal hernia prior to discharge from the hospital. There were no complications from the hernias before surgery and during administration of anesthesia and postoperative recovery, and no recurrences, would infections, or testicular atrophy was noted ...
Mills D C - - 1985
Isolation of lipase-positive Clostridium botulinum from fecal specimens establishes the diagnosis of infant botulism, contributes to the diagnosis of food-borne botulism, and is most easily accomplished by use of selective media. Modification of an available selective medium, C. botulinum inhibitory medium (CBI), enabled more rapid isolation of C. botulinum. The ...
Long S S - - 1985
The majority of the almost 400 confirmed cases of infant botulism in the United States have occurred in California, Pennsylvania, and Utah. In Pennsylvania, 44 of 53 (83%) cases occurred within a geographic area of Southeastern Pennsylvania which represents one tenth of the Commonwealth's area and one third of the ...
Hall J D - - 1985
All reported cases of infant botulism except one have been caused by proteolytic strains (group I) of Clostridium botulinum, toxin types A or B. We describe the cultural and biochemical characteristics of the causative organism of this singular case of infant botulism, caused by type F botulinal toxin. Although this ...
Dezfulian M - - 1985
A low molecular weight substance that induced seizures and death in mice was present in the stool of a child with infant botulism. This interfered with mouse bioassay used for detecting Clostridium botulinum toxin. After removal of the interfering substance by a prolonged dialysis with buffered saline, in vivo neutralization ...
Williams A J - - 1985
There is a linear relationship between potassium removal during haemodialysis and plasma potassium (Kp). Kp falls rapidly during the first hour of dialysis but very little during the last two hours of a five hour dialysis. There is a fairly constant movement of potassium from the intracellular to extracellular space ...
Rescorla F J - - 1984
Contemporary neonatal intensive care has resulted in survival of many seriously ill preterm and older infants that frequently present with symptomatic inguinal hernia. Controversy exists concerning timing and safety of early repair in prematures or other neonates, especially those hospitalized with concurrent illness. This study examines this topic by evaluating ...
Moazam F - - 1984
The results of this study of 134 patients confirm the increased incidence of previously unrecognized inguinal hernias after ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures. Infants with intraventricular hemorrhage appeared to be the most susceptible, although associated prematurity may play an additional role. Close observation of infants and children who undergo ventriculoperitoneal shunting is ...
Roguin N - - 1984
Verapamil is a useful drug for treating supraventricular tachycardia; however, severe side effects occasionally have been reported in infants. We describe here our experience with the use of a 10 percent solution of intravenous calcium gluconate prior to the use of verapamil in infants with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. In all ...
Pokorny W J - - 1984
Morgagni hernias during infancy are associated with significant respiratory symptoms as well as other congenital anomalies, particularly congenital heart disease. During the past 6 years we have had the opportunity to treat five infants less than 1 year of age with Morgagni hernias. A review of the literature revealed an ...
Tórtora J C - - 1984
A medium containing 0.50 g of thiotone peptone, 0.30 g of soluble starch, 0.02 g of MgSO4 X 7H2O, 0.90 g of Na2HPO4 X 2H2O, 100.00 ml of distilled water, and optionally , 166 micrograms of dichloridric thiamine supported sporulation of 138 out of 141 Clostridium perfringens strains. Comparatively this ...
Puri P - - 1984
In the years from 1971 to 1980 inclusive, 511 infants under 1 year of age presented with inguinal hernia. Of these, 158 (31%) (149 boys and 9 girls) had incarcerated inguinal hernia. In 151 (95.5%) infants the incarcerated inguinal hernia was reduced by taxis and herniotomy performed 48 to 72 ...
Morris J G JG - - 1983
Data were obtained for the 96 hospitalized cases of infant botulism reported to the Centers for Disease Control between 1976-1980 from all states other than California. Forty-one cases were associated with Clostridium botulinum type A, 53 with type B, one with type F, and one with a strain of C. ...
Libby J M - - 1983
C difficile produces two toxins, each of which is cytotoxic and lethal to animals [1]. Whether one or both of the toxins is responsible for pseudomembranous colitis in humans is unknown. C difficile is rarely found in the intestinal tracts of healthy adults, and then only in relatively low numbers. ...
Chinn D H - - 1983
Seven infants born at our institution between July 1979 and June 1982 had congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Four cases of CDH were correctly identified by fetal ultrasonography. Diagnosis relied upon the demonstration of abdominal organs within the thorax. During this period, no false positive diagnoses of CDH were made. Significant ...
Cornblath D R - - 1983
Infantile botulism is a recently recognized cause of acute hypotonic paresis and respiratory failure in young infants. Electrophysiological testing has proven useful in early diagnosis in suspected cases by demonstrating abnormal neuromuscular transmission as is known to occur in botulism. Twenty-five infants with bacteriologically proven botulism were studied by uniform ...
Le Coultre C - - 1983
From 1977 to 1981, 40 infants and children were operated for incarcerated inguinal hernia, 35 boys and 5 girls. During this time, 903 hernias were cured. Follow-up examination has been possible with 32 boys, from 6 months to 5 years after surgery. Three have an irreversible lesion of the testis ...
Donaldson M D - - 1983
A commercially available closed dialysis system and a new peritoneal cannula with potential advantages for infants have been developed. The dialysis set includes three dialysate bags that may be connected to the filling burette; the warming coil of the set is placed in a thermostatically controlled water bath. The peritoneal ...
Lacey S R - - 1983
Creation of a substitute hemidiaphragm for an infant born with agenesis of the hemidiaphragm is a formidable task. Subsequent growth of the infant may produce distortion or fracture of diaphragmatic prostheses. Our experience with a surviving two year old infant with agenesis led us to conclude that a Silastic prosthesis ...
Murrell W G - - 1983
The isolation of Clostridium botulinum from the home environment of New South Wales patients with infant botulism is reported. Of the three cases of infant botulism type B, the bacteria were isolated from soil around the dwelling in one, and from tank rainwater in another. In one case with type ...
Gilligan P H - - 1983
The mouse lethality test is the most sensitive method for confirming the diagnosis of infant botulism. Both Clostridium difficile and Clostridium botulinum produce heat-labile toxins which are lethal for mice and can be found in the feces of infants. These two toxins can be distinguished from one another in this ...
Paton J C - - 1983
A 7-week-old boy presented with symptoms and signs characteristic of infant botulism, and the diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of Clostridium botulinum type A organisms and toxin in the feces. The levels of organisms and toxin in the feces were measured throughout the 81-day period in hospital. The maximum ...
Mitamura H - - 1982
Conventionally raised suckling mice were given 10(7) spores of a strain of Clostridium botulinum type E. Most but not all infant mice aged 8 through 19 days at the time of administration died after developing symptoms typical of botulism. However, none of the infant mice challenged with the spores at ...
Ito S - - 1982
Specific antisera against somatostatin-28 were prepared by absorption of somatostatin-28 antisera with sepharose 4B-somatostatin-14. Indirect immunofluorescence techniques using somatostatin-14 antisera and specific antisera against somatostatin-28 were carried out to elucidate the time of occurrence of somatostatin-28 in the fetal pancreatic islets and to ascertain whether somatostatin-28 was present in the ...
Wilson R - - 1982
We reviewed the clinical features of 99 cases of infant botulism reported to the Centers for Disease Control from states other than California for the period 1976 to 1980. There were no toxin-specific differences in the distribution of ages at onset or sex of the cases. For 76 (76%) patients ...
Pereyra A J - - 1982
The present study supports the thesis that failures in urethral suspensory-type operations in women with anatomic stress urinary incontinence often are caused by pull-out of suspensory sutures attached to attenuated endopelvic fascia around the urethrovesical junction. Thickening of this fascia helps impede suture pull-out. Such thickening is facilitated by detaching ...
Paton J C - - 1982
A 4-month-old boy presented with symptoms and signs characteristic of infant botulism. Examination of feces revealed Clostridium botulinum type B and type B toxin. The numbers of C. botulinum and the amount of toxin in feces were measured throughout the 4-week period in hospital. The maximum numbers and amounts were ...
Pickett J B - - 1982
In 1976 physicians in California reported the presence of botulism in infancy. Over a period of a few days infants developed generalized weakness and lost autonomic functions. The severity of infant botulism has varied from feeding difficulties to paralysis. No toxin was found in the infants' food, but it was ...
Neubauer M - - 1981
A case of moderately severe botulism was diagnosed in a 4 weeks old white female. Clostridium botulinum toxin was identified repeatedly in the infant's faeces by means of the mouse protection assay. Clostridium botulinum was isolated in pure culture from faecal material. Both the organism and the toxin were type ...
Santos J I - - 1981
A child with infant botulism became apneic and died while receiving ampicillin and gentamicin therapy. As aminoglycosides have been implicated in the induction and/or exacerbation of neuromuscular blockade, we used an animal model to test the hypothesis that aminoglycosides potentiate neuromuscular blockade of botulinum toxin. In the range of aminoglycoside ...
McCarten K M - - 1981
Right diaphragmatic hernia should be considered when an infant with Group B streptococcal infection shows deterioration. Although the diaphragm appears normal at first, increased density is seen in the right lower lobe shortly thereafter, indicating pneumonia and/or irregular aeration. Pleural effusion may develop over the next few days. Characteristically, the ...
Bloss R S - - 1981
The incidence of death from congenital diaphragmatic hernia appears to be unchanged in recent years despite advances in resuscitation, transport, and ventilatory support. Bilateral lung hypoplasia and abnormal pulmonary vascular reactivity as developmental consequences of the defect appear to play a major role in the continued high mortality rate. Recent ...
Lorentz W B WB - - 1981
We have recently trained two sets of parents to perform home peritoneal dialysis on their infants with chronic renal failure. Chronic dialysis was initiated before the age of one year with a body weight of less than 10 kg. The infants were maintained on dialysis for 10 and 13 months ...
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