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Results 401 - 420 of 420
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Arnon S S - - 1979
Infant botulism results from the in vivo production of toxin by Clostridium botulinum after it has colonized the infant's gut. Epidemiologic and laboratory investigations of this recently recognized disease were undertaken to identify risk factors and routes by which C. botulinum spores might reach susceptible infants. Clostridium botulinum organisms, but ...
Lester P D - - 1978
Pelvic pneumography was performed in 150 children, including those with precocious puberty, suspected pelvic masses, abdominal pain, virilization, ambiguous genitalia, gonadal dysgenesis, Stein-Leventhal syndrome, amenorrhea, and contralateral inguinal hernia detection. Pneumography proved safe, accurate, and easy to perform. However, advances in sonography have limited the use of pneumography primarily to ...
Dowell V R VR - - 1978
While classic botulism is usually due to preformed toxin in improperly prepared food, the newly recognized infant syndrome occurs when spores or vegetative cells germinate in the gut of the very young and elaborate toxin there. The resulting illness may range from inapparent to fulminant, sometimes causing respiratory arrest and ...
Moodie D S - - 1978
Two newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, one of whom died, had significant improvement in arterial oxygen tension (Pao2) after intravenous administration of tolazoline (Priscoline) (1 to 2 mg. per kilogram). In both infants, systemic hypotension developed within minutes of administration of the drug and required pharmacologic and hemodynamic intervention. ...
Priebe C J CJ - - 1977
The persistently high mortality rate for newborn infants with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia, which is symptomatic and treated in the first 24 hours of life, is due to multiple pulmonary and vascular factors. This demands the exclusion of any additional compromising elements. The effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure due to ...
Fisher C J CJ - - 1977
Botulism has not traditionally been considered as occurring in infants under one year of age because they generally do not ingest foods potentially containing preformed Clostridium botulinum toxin. We report a case of infantile botulism in a 3 1/2 month old infant who presented as a "floppy baby," and discuss ...
Swanson J A - - 1977
The involvement of internal genitalia in inguinal hernias occurring in female infants and children has been reported. We present here an interesting infertility problem as a consequence of accidental "tubal ligation* secondary to bilateral inguinal herniorrhaphies during childhood. Several postulated etiologic factors in the development of such hernias are presented, ...
Thommesen P - - 1977
In a study, partly retrospective and partly prospective, there were 29 infants who had sliding hiatal hernia: their principal clinical features, the diagnostic criteria, treatment and cure rate were similar to those of other series. The study highlights associated duodenal anomalies which seem to influence the radiological but not the ...
McKee K T KT - - 1977
A 22-day-old infant developed infant botulism characterized by profound weakness, hypotonia, respiratory arrest, areflexia, ptosis, pupils that responded poorly to light, and absent gag reflex. Stool examination yielded Clostridium botulinum type B organisms and type B toxin. Electromyography provided rapid diagnostic assistance. With supportive care, reovery was complete. This "new" ...
Hollowell J G JG - - 1977
Two patients, 1 adult and 1 infant, with complete duplication of the penis are described. The adult had a single bladder, a bifid scrotum, a low abdominal wall hernia, separation of the symphysis pubis, bilateral inguinal hernias, rectal prolapse, bilateral vesicoureteral reflux and bilateral staghorn calculi. The infant had duplication ...
Arnon S S - - 1977
Clostridium botulinum organisms and toxin were identified in the feces of six infants, aged 5 to 20 weeks, who had illnesses clinically consistent with botulism. Five of the infants lived in California and became ill within a six-month period in 1976; one infant became ill in New Jersey in 1975. ...
Landau L I - - 1977
Respiratory function studies were carried out in 22 infants who had successful repair of diaphragmatic herniae of the Bochdalek type. Thoracic gas volume was initially reduced in only 3 of these, but subsequent studies showed that improvement occurred. There were no consistent abnormalities in either dynamic compliance or mean pulmonary ...
Othersen H B HB - - 1977
A new preformed pneumatic reduction device is available in two sizes, and it is recommended that a set be available for emergency use in any hospital which deals with the definitive emergency therapy of the newborn. The devices can be washed and flash sterilized as needed and, if properly cared ...
Midura T F - - 1976
Clostridium botulinum and its toxin were identified in the faeces of four infants, aged 6 to 13 weeks, who had symptoms consistent with botulism. Two cases had type-A toxin and two cases had type-B toxin present in their faeces. No toxin was detectable in sera C. botulinum and toxin could ...
Hendren W H - - 1976
Four male infants with imperforate anus were treated by electromagnetic bougienage and subsequent perineal anoplasty with division of rectourethral fistula. Each had high-pouch imperforate anus of the supralevator type, with rectourethral fishtula at or above the level of the membranous urethra. Perineal anoplasty was accomplished in all four, with division ...
Woolley M M - - 1976
The infant who is born with a posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia who becomes symptomatic at or soon after birth requires urgent care. Surgical reduction of the diaphragmatic hernia must be accomplished quickly. Respiratory and metabolic acidosis must be treated appropriately. The parents should be informed of the gravity of their infant's ...
Harper R G - - 1975
Thirty percent of 37 consecutive surviving premature infants weighing 1,000 gm or less at birth were noted to develop inguinal hernias. Incarceration occurred in two infants. One infant suffered a cardiac arrest during repair of the hernia. In view of the increased survival now being reported in these tiny prematures, ...
Saw E C - - 1973
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia must be seriously considered in the differential diagnosis of acute respiratory distress in neonates as well as in older infants who present with chronic progressive gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms. An x-ray film of the chest is mandatory and is almost always diagnostic. Immediate nasogastric decompression of the ...
Davenport M - - 1995
Infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia have a high mortality which is essentially due to the associated lung hypoplasia. However, there have been several recent innovations, both in the surgical approach and in techniques of neonatal intensive care, which have improved the outlook for some of these critically ill infants.
Wentz M W - - 1967
Clostridium botulinum type F has been identified during the summer months in mud samples from a small stream. Its absence during the period from October to April in these mud samples is attributed to the presence of Bacillus
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