Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 453
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Swischuk L E - - 1989
Certain pitfalls exist in the sonographic evaluation of the antrum in infants who are vomiting. Unless one is aware of these pitfalls, one can make erroneous diagnoses, miss diagnoses, or obtain erroneous measurements of both the mucosal and muscular layers. A discussion of these pitfalls and how to avoid them ...
Loncar D - - 1989
The ultrastructural characteristics of the inguinal, interscapular, and perirenal adipose tissue in kittens and cats were studied. There were no qualitative differences among adipocytes in the three anatomical areas. The only recorded difference was in the amount of lipids stored in the adipocytes in younger stages. Immediately after birth lipids ...
Allen J L - - 1989
A case of infantile obstructive jaundice caused by a right-sided foramen of Bochdalek's diaphragmatic hernia is reported. This association has not previously been reported in an infant. At operation, extrahepatic biliary obstruction was relieved by reduction of the contents of the hernia. This unusual presentation of a right-sided congenital diaphragmatic ...
Adedeji M O - - 1989
A total of 359 lymphnode biopsies (LNB) were done over 11-year period (1975-1985) at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-City, Nigeria. The mean number of LNB per year is 32.64 and the percentage incidence of LNB per year is 9%. The commonest site of LNB is cervical (42.9%) and ...
Gotloib L - - 1989
This study demonstrates the existence of fenestrated capillaries in the microvascular bed of mice mesentery. The 26.6% incidence of fenestrated capillaries observed in this study is similar to that found in rabbit diaphragmatic peritoneum. Fenestral diameters are too large to be identified as the large pore of Pappenheimer's theory. They ...
Myers W A - - 1989
Material is presented from the case history of a patient whose interest in spelunking (cave exploration) was found to be an unconscious expression of a type of counterclaustrophobia. Both oedipal and preoedipal determinants of the claustrophobic anxieties are delineated. Of particular note in this instance is the testicular element in ...
Assadi F K - - 1988
Continuous arteriovenous hemodialysis (CAVHD) was performed in a critically ill oliguric infant with progressive uremia using a miniature Amicon hemofilter. Modification was made in the filter system by circulating 2.5% Dianeal peritoneal dialysis fluid into the second port of the ultrafiltrate compartment to enable the filter to function by dialysis ...
Stolar C J - - 1988
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for survivors of surgical repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia was used in 14 neonates. All showed marked esophageal dilatation on postoperative chest radiographs; the dilated esophagus simulated an air- or fluid-filled mass. All patients were later shown to have marked gastroesophageal reflux as well. The finding ...
Schiffler M - - 1988
Most cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia present as acute respiratory emergencies in the newborn period. Delayed presentation may be heralded by symptoms referred to the respiratory or gastrointestinal tract. An infant with unrecognized right-sided foramen of Bochdalek hernia presented with obstructive jaundice due to compression of the herniated common bile ...
Greenberg F - - 1988
We report on an infant with manifestations of Perlman syndrome including polyhydramnios, macrosomia, bilateral nephromegaly with nephroblastomatosis, visceromegaly and cryptorchidism. Other findings in this infant not seen in previous patients were diaphragmatic hernia, interrupted aortic arch, hypospadias and polysplenia. This infant meets the diagnostic criteria for Perlman syndrome, suggesting that ...
Takahashi M - - 1988
Bacteriological examinations were performed on the first case of infant botulism in Japan (an infant boy aged 79 days at onset of illness). Clostridium botulinum type A toxin and organisms were detected continually in the stools of the infant for at least 31 days and 39 days, respectively. The highest ...
Bjerklund Johansen T E - - 1988
The aim of this study was to evaluate ultrasound and clinical examination in the assessment of the exact position of an undescended testicle, and to see whether ultrasound could help discern retractile and truly undescended testicles. One hundred and twenty-three undescended testicles were examined. Of 113 detectable testicles 47 were ...
Hatheway C L - - 1987
In the 12-year period 1975 to 1987, feces from 336 infants were examined for botulinal neurotoxin and Clostridium botulinum. All the infants had illnesses which prompted their physicians to consider infant botulism in the diagnosis. Stool specimens from 113 of the infants yielded organisms that produced botulinal neurotoxins assumed to ...
Loeff D S - - 1987
Unilateral agenesis of ribs with a "lung hernia," may cause severe respiratory distress in a neonate. Our experience with the use of a temporary external chest splint for stabilization of the congenital flail chest in one patient is presented. The device facilitated extubation and allowed the infant to grow prior ...
Kurland G - - 1987
Two infants developed evidence of antidiuretic hormone excess as a complication of infant botulism. Neither child received mechanical ventilatory support before the development of hyponatremia, serum hyposmolality, and urinary hyperosmolality. Both infants responded to fluid-intake restriction. The appearance of hyponatremia in an infant with botulism should suggest antidiuretic hormone excess. ...
Valente A - - 1987
During a period of 4 1/2 years, 37 infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia were treated. The overall survival rate was 68%. Survival depended more on cardiopulmonary function than the size of the diaphragmatic defect. There was little evidence that infants with agenesis of the diaphragm formed a special group with ...
Sakai H - - 1987
To determine whether surgical repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CHD) results in improvement in respiratory mechanics, we measured respiratory system compliance in nine patients (five survivors and four nonsurvivors) before and after operation. In all nine infants, CHD was diagnosed within 6 hours of life, and surgical repair was through ...
Benacerraf B R - - 1987
Nineteen cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed in utero are reported with emphasis on sonographic findings, associated congenital and karyotypic abnormalities, the presence or absence of polyhydramnios, and clinical outcome. The survival of these infants was very poor despite accurate prenatal diagnosis, maximal surgical and medical treatment and maximal postnatal ...
Slim M S - - 1987
A review of 52 consecutive cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia composed of 36 cases of Bochdalek hernia (B.H.) 13 of diaphragmatic eventration (D.E.), and 3 of diaphragmatic agenesis (D.A.) is reviewed critically. The operative mortality rate in Bochdalek hernia was 8.3% but became 20% with reference to the 15 infants ...
Ryan P J - - 1987
Infant botulism is a rare disease with previous reports in Australia originating from its southern states. The first case to be recognized from Queensland is described in a four-month-old white girl. Complications included respiratory failure, the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, urinary tract infection and autonomic dysfunction.
McGregor S J - - 1987
IgG, C3 and transferrin in peritoneal dialysis effluent of patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) were 1%-2% of those in serum. In contrast, the values in normal peritoneal fluid were not significantly different from those in serum. The three proteins correlated with each other in peritoneal dialysis effluent, but ...
Storm W W Department of Paediatrics, St. Vincenz Krankenhaus, Padeborn, - - 1987
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia usually causes severe respiratory distress presenting in the first hours of life. There is, however, a group of patients who may be asymptomatic during the perinatal period, but manifest the abnormality after days, weeks and even years. We report a delayed onset of left-sided diaphragmatic hernia in ...
Lukusa T - - 1986
Here we describe a 6-week-old infant with internal male pseudo-hermaphroditism, detected during the repair of a left inguinoscrotal hernia. We advocate early orchidopexy during a first laparatomy and call attention to the risk of adhesions and subsequent complications if the gonads are replaced into the peritoneal cavity in advance of ...
Flüeler U - - 1986
We have investigated a personal series of 90 patients with the ("classical") peripheral form of neurofibromatosis (NF) for iris hamartomata (IH). Of subjects aged 6 years or older, 97% had IH. IH were unilateral in 8 patients. IH were not found in 44 unaffected first degree relatives of patients with ...
Istre G R - - 1986
Through Dec 31, 1985, there have been six cases of infant botulism reported in Colorado. Three of these infants have lived in the same town of 800 people in western Colorado. Two of these three infants developed infant botulism within a six-month period in late 1981. The infants lived approximately ...
Powell T G - - 1986
Prevalence and incidence of inguinal hernia in a representative sample of low birthweight survivors were determined by tracing children at 3 years of age. Prevalence was examined in relation to perinatal factors recorded in hospital case notes, using a logistic regression model to allow for confounding variables. Of the 1074 ...
Warady B A - - 1986
Little recorded experience exists concerning the use of chronic peritoneal dialysis in the infant. We herein report the results of a multidisciplinary approach to two infants who were treated with a unique modification of "short-dwell" peritoneal dialysis. A single-bag technique was devised in the hopes of reducing glucose absorption and ...
Tepas J J JJ - - 1986
The effect of using 6 months as the cutoff age for automatic exploration of the asymptomatic contralateral side in male infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy was studied by evaluating the operative findings and follow-up of 300 consecutive male infants admitted for symptomatic unilateral groin hernias. Males under the age of 6 ...
Peevy K J - - 1986
We have studied the epidemiology of inguinal hernias in preterm infants. Inguinal hernias occur with increased frequency in infants less than or equal to 32 weeks' gestational age or less than or equal to 1,250 g birth weight. Among infants less than or equal to 32 weeks' gestational age, intrauterine ...
McCroskey L M - - 1986
The apparent causative organism from the only reported case of type E infant botulism was isolated and characterized. Except for its ability to produce type E botulinal toxin, this organism (strain 5262) would be unquestionably identified as Clostridium butyricum. This is the second time an organism resembling a defined Clostridium ...
McDonald P J - - 1986
Over a 10-year period, 47 infants with congenital hypertrophic stenosis underwent Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy in a district general hospital. The operations were carried out by 10 surgeons-6 consultants and 4 registrars. There were 3 major wound infections and 3 incisional hernias. One infant was referred to a specialist centre for reoperation.
Groff D B - - 1985
Sixteen premature infants were operated on during the two-year period from 1981 through 1982 for inguinal hernia prior to discharge from the hospital. There were no complications from the hernias before surgery and during administration of anesthesia and postoperative recovery, and no recurrences, would infections, or testicular atrophy was noted ...
Mills D C - - 1985
Isolation of lipase-positive Clostridium botulinum from fecal specimens establishes the diagnosis of infant botulism, contributes to the diagnosis of food-borne botulism, and is most easily accomplished by use of selective media. Modification of an available selective medium, C. botulinum inhibitory medium (CBI), enabled more rapid isolation of C. botulinum. The ...
Long S S - - 1985
The majority of the almost 400 confirmed cases of infant botulism in the United States have occurred in California, Pennsylvania, and Utah. In Pennsylvania, 44 of 53 (83%) cases occurred within a geographic area of Southeastern Pennsylvania which represents one tenth of the Commonwealth's area and one third of the ...
Hall J D - - 1985
All reported cases of infant botulism except one have been caused by proteolytic strains (group I) of Clostridium botulinum, toxin types A or B. We describe the cultural and biochemical characteristics of the causative organism of this singular case of infant botulism, caused by type F botulinal toxin. Although this ...
Dezfulian M - - 1985
A low molecular weight substance that induced seizures and death in mice was present in the stool of a child with infant botulism. This interfered with mouse bioassay used for detecting Clostridium botulinum toxin. After removal of the interfering substance by a prolonged dialysis with buffered saline, in vivo neutralization ...
Williams A J - - 1985
There is a linear relationship between potassium removal during haemodialysis and plasma potassium (Kp). Kp falls rapidly during the first hour of dialysis but very little during the last two hours of a five hour dialysis. There is a fairly constant movement of potassium from the intracellular to extracellular space ...
Rescorla F J - - 1984
Contemporary neonatal intensive care has resulted in survival of many seriously ill preterm and older infants that frequently present with symptomatic inguinal hernia. Controversy exists concerning timing and safety of early repair in prematures or other neonates, especially those hospitalized with concurrent illness. This study examines this topic by evaluating ...
Moazam F - - 1984
The results of this study of 134 patients confirm the increased incidence of previously unrecognized inguinal hernias after ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures. Infants with intraventricular hemorrhage appeared to be the most susceptible, although associated prematurity may play an additional role. Close observation of infants and children who undergo ventriculoperitoneal shunting is ...
Roguin N - - 1984
Verapamil is a useful drug for treating supraventricular tachycardia; however, severe side effects occasionally have been reported in infants. We describe here our experience with the use of a 10 percent solution of intravenous calcium gluconate prior to the use of verapamil in infants with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. In all ...
Pokorny W J - - 1984
Morgagni hernias during infancy are associated with significant respiratory symptoms as well as other congenital anomalies, particularly congenital heart disease. During the past 6 years we have had the opportunity to treat five infants less than 1 year of age with Morgagni hernias. A review of the literature revealed an ...
Tórtora J C - - 1984
A medium containing 0.50 g of thiotone peptone, 0.30 g of soluble starch, 0.02 g of MgSO4 X 7H2O, 0.90 g of Na2HPO4 X 2H2O, 100.00 ml of distilled water, and optionally , 166 micrograms of dichloridric thiamine supported sporulation of 138 out of 141 Clostridium perfringens strains. Comparatively this ...
Puri P - - 1984
In the years from 1971 to 1980 inclusive, 511 infants under 1 year of age presented with inguinal hernia. Of these, 158 (31%) (149 boys and 9 girls) had incarcerated inguinal hernia. In 151 (95.5%) infants the incarcerated inguinal hernia was reduced by taxis and herniotomy performed 48 to 72 ...
Morris J G JG - - 1983
Data were obtained for the 96 hospitalized cases of infant botulism reported to the Centers for Disease Control between 1976-1980 from all states other than California. Forty-one cases were associated with Clostridium botulinum type A, 53 with type B, one with type F, and one with a strain of C. ...
Libby J M - - 1983
C difficile produces two toxins, each of which is cytotoxic and lethal to animals [1]. Whether one or both of the toxins is responsible for pseudomembranous colitis in humans is unknown. C difficile is rarely found in the intestinal tracts of healthy adults, and then only in relatively low numbers. ...
Chinn D H - - 1983
Seven infants born at our institution between July 1979 and June 1982 had congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Four cases of CDH were correctly identified by fetal ultrasonography. Diagnosis relied upon the demonstration of abdominal organs within the thorax. During this period, no false positive diagnoses of CDH were made. Significant ...
Cornblath D R - - 1983
Infantile botulism is a recently recognized cause of acute hypotonic paresis and respiratory failure in young infants. Electrophysiological testing has proven useful in early diagnosis in suspected cases by demonstrating abnormal neuromuscular transmission as is known to occur in botulism. Twenty-five infants with bacteriologically proven botulism were studied by uniform ...
Le Coultre C - - 1983
From 1977 to 1981, 40 infants and children were operated for incarcerated inguinal hernia, 35 boys and 5 girls. During this time, 903 hernias were cured. Follow-up examination has been possible with 32 boys, from 6 months to 5 years after surgery. Three have an irreversible lesion of the testis ...
Donaldson M D - - 1983
A commercially available closed dialysis system and a new peritoneal cannula with potential advantages for infants have been developed. The dialysis set includes three dialysate bags that may be connected to the filling burette; the warming coil of the set is placed in a thermostatically controlled water bath. The peritoneal ...
Lacey S R - - 1983
Creation of a substitute hemidiaphragm for an infant born with agenesis of the hemidiaphragm is a formidable task. Subsequent growth of the infant may produce distortion or fracture of diaphragmatic prostheses. Our experience with a surviving two year old infant with agenesis led us to conclude that a Silastic prosthesis ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >