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Results 301 - 350 of 457
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Lugo Vicente H L - - 1995
To determine if contralateral inguinal hernia exploration is justified we decided to study our experience with 161 consecutive cases who underwent bilateral repair during a 30 months period. 61% of the population were infants younger than two years of age, and 19% premature babies. 69 pts presented with an RIH, ...
Misra D - - 1995
Over a 6-year period, 14 infants with a total of 16 inguinal hernias (IH) underwent transperitoneal closure of the internal ring (TPIR). This was performed through a minilaparotomy, using a purse-string suture placed around the internal ring from within. A difficult inguinal dissection of an edematous and friable spermatic cord ...
Hatheway C L - - 1995
The main form of human botulism throughout the world is the classic foodborne intoxication. Would botulism is very rare, and most of the documented cases have been found in the United States. While infant botulism remains rare throughout the world, it has become the most frequent form of the disease ...
De Wolf D - - 1994
Adenosine is an endogenous nucleoside acting on coronary perfusion and myocardial conduction. Although the anti-arrhythmic effects of adenosine have been known for decades, interest in the use of adenosine or adenosine-triphosphate (ATP) (a precursor of adenosine) in termination of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) has been renewed. We studied the use of ...
Misra D - - 1994
Over a period of 6 years, 251 infants under 6 months of age underwent repair of inguinal hernias (IH; n = 311). There were 241 males and 10 females. Incarceration occurred in 59 infants (24%), one of whom had bilateral incarceration. As a result of the authors' policy to operate ...
Yeo C L - - 1994
The prevalence of inguinal hernia during primary hospitalization was determined in 250 infants with gestational age 24-29 weeks. Fourteen per cent developed hernia, with prevalence significantly higher in boys than girls. Infants with respiratory distress syndrome and those requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation were significantly predisposed to the development of hernia. ...
Fischbach M - - 1994
Dialysed infants are sometimes characterized by a hyperpermeable peritoneal state. In this situation decreasing dwell time and/or increasing dialysate tonicity are usually proposed to achieve adequate ultrafiltration (UF). We have investigated UF capacity under different peritoneal dialysis modalities in three infants. UF was not obtained with isotonic continuous ambulatory peritoneal ...
Richards C G - - 1994
The technique of polymerase chain reaction was used to detect Pneumocystis carinii DNA in nasopharyngeal secretions of three infants with leukaemia who had the clinical features of P carinii pneumonia. The use of this non-invasive technique allowed the early diagnosis and treatment of these infants whose protocols did not include ...
Embree J E - - 1994
Very low birth weight infants often have protracted respiratory tract colonization with Ureaplasma urealyticum. To determine whether prolonged contact with very low birth weight infants resulted in higher rates of upper respiratory tract colonization with this organism for caregivers, throat swabs for U urealyticum culture were obtained from medical, nursing ...
Krieger N R - - 1994
The incidence of inguinal hernia and incarceration is high among premature infants. Optimal timing, anesthetic technique, and long-term results of hernia repair in hospitalized premature infants remain undefined. The authors reviewed the records of 52 consecutively treated premature infants who underwent bilateral inguinal herniorrhaphy under general anesthesia before discharge from ...
Lawrenz K - - 1994
Sonographic and operative findings in both groins of 23 infants presenting with a unilateral inguinal hernia were compared in a prospective study. Ultrasound accurately confirmed the presence of a hernia on the affected side in all infants but provided no useful additional diagnostic information. Ultrasound examination of the unaffected side ...
Shen W P - - 1994
Infant botulism is a rare disease caused by the release of toxin produced in the intestinal tract by Clostridium botulinum. The disease primarily affects infants under 1 year of age. We report a 3-year-old child with stage IV neuroblastoma who developed symptoms of progressive motor weakness, bulbar palsy and respiratory ...
Fenicia L - - 1993
A case of infant botulism in a 9 week-old female is described. A strain of C. botulinum type B was isolated from the feces of the baby. The epidemiologic study detected in a sample of home canned honey Clostridium botulinum spores of the same serotype that was isolated from the ...
MacMahon R A - - 1993
This report describes the first in utero repair of diaphragmatic hernia in Australia. The patient was a 32 year old woman with major infertility problems who was diagnosed at 15 weeks gestation as having an infant with diaphragmatic hernia. After extensive consideration and counselling the parents requested in utero repair. ...
Sandler R J - - 1993
The prevalence of Clostridium botulinum type C (% of positive sediment samples) was determined in 10 marshes at Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge (SNWR), located in the Central Valley of California (USA), where avian botulism epizootics occur regularly. Fifty-two percent of 2,200 sediment samples collected over an 18-mo period contained C. ...
Honoré L H - - 1993
Of the 5 liveborn infants with the hernia of Morgagni recorded in the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, 3 had trisomy 21. This significant association (P < 10(-6)) between the hernia of Morgagni and trisomy 21 may reflect defective dorsoventral migration of rhabdomyoblasts from the paraxial myotomes, caused by increased ...
Hurst D L - - 1993
Two neonates with a history of diarrhea, abrupt apnea, and suspected sepsis were proved to have infantile botulism. Initial symptoms in both infants suggested other diagnoses. Electrophysiologic studies were important in confirming the diagnosis. Early severe infantile botulism may be rare but should be considered in neonates who have hypotonia ...
Rais-Bahrami K - - 1993
We describe two infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia who underwent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and in whom the venous cannula was in the left atrium instead of the right. The routine radiograph of the chest failed to demonstrate the malposition. We recommend using the echocardiogram to confirm the position of the ...
Moreno C N - - 1993
The infant with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia presents many challenges to those caring for him. A thorough understanding of both anatomic and physiologic components can enable the caregiver to accurately assess the patient and employ interventions which will minimize complications. Part I of this article discussed the incidence, mortality, embryology, ...
Moreno C N - - 1993
The infant with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia presents many challenges to those caring for him. A thorough understanding of both anatomic and physiologic components can enable the caregiver to accurately assess the patient and employ interventions which will minimize complications. This article discusses the incidence, mortality, embryology, diagnosis, pathophysiology, and ...
Teixidó J - - 1993
The mass transfer area coefficient (MTC) is the best parameter for solute transport evaluation in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. We compared three simplified MTC methods (calculated according Garred, Krediet, or Lindholm) and the peritoneal equilibration test (PET) (Twardowski) to complex MTC (MTCX) (Randerson and Farrell) for urea and ...
Torfs C P - - 1992
From 1983 through 1987, in a California population of 718,208 births, 237 infants were born with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), a birth prevalence of 3.30 per 10,000 total births (live births and stillbirths). We proposed that the various types of this defect, characterized by their different pathogeneses, would be ...
Wohl D L - - 1992
Infant botulism is a national problem with over 1000 confirmed cases in the United States since it was first recognized as a distinct clinical entity in 1976. The disease is characterized by a progressive, symmetrical descending paralysis of cranial nerves with eventual involvement of axial and trunk muscle innervation. Most ...
Schmidt S S - - 1992
A histologic study of the vas ends was carried out in 21 patients undergoing vasovasostomy. All had undergone prior vasectomy by the same surgeon, with a technique identical except for the type of cautery used to seal the vas ends. A superior sealing of the vas, as shown by fewer ...
Rajput A - - 1992
Although the increased occurrence of inguinal hernias (IH) in premature children is well known, its incidence in the very low birth weight (VLBW, < 1,500 g) subpopulation has not been previously established. Additionally, because of associated problems, these children present the surgeon with a dilemma in regards to the most ...
Fung A - - 1992
Ninety-two consecutive infants aged up to 12 months underwent primary inguinal herniotomy over a 5-year period. All were treated in a district hospital paediatric surgical unit according to recommendations of the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons. After a mean follow-up of 45.8 months, one patient had a failed repair and ...
Jegathesan S - - 1992
Previous studies reviewing the morbidity and mortality of infant inguinal hernia surgery have all been done in university hospital settings. From our community-based tertiary hospital, 100 consecutive cases on infants less than six months of age, undergoing inguinal hernia repair, were reviewed. No infants were excluded. Sixty-eight were full term ...
Graf W D - - 1992
Infant botulism is confirmed by isolation of Clostridium botulinum from stool culture or by toxin assay. Although electrodiagnosis has been described as a diagnostic tool in infant botulism, our 11-year review of toxin-confirmed cases suggests that electrodiagnosis is not a reliable tool. In the case report presented, results of electrodiagnosis ...
Till J - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the association between atrial flutter and accessory connections in the fetus and young infant. DESIGN: A retrospective review from January 1985 to January 1990. PATIENTS: Fetuses, neonates, and young infants with atrial flutter. RESULTS: Four fetuses and five infants presented with atrial flutter. In two fetuses and ...
Griscom N T - - 1992
Many patients with illnesses that once were fatal at birth or during childhood now survive into adult life. This article considers four respiratory illnesses of early life in which long-term survival now occurs frequently: cystic fibrosis, diaphragmatic hernia, esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. In cystic fibrosis, although the median ...
Gross G J - - 1992
Malassezia furfur and Candida albicans are fungal pathogens which have been recognized with increasing frequency as agents of mortality and serious morbidity in neonatal intensive care unit patients. A longitudinal study of oral, rectal and umbilical colonization by these organisms of newborns admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit within ...
Brereton R J - - 1991
During the last decade neonatal surgical results have improved considerably. Except for infants born with serious congenital heart disease, diaphragmatic hernia or exomphalos, postoperative mortality rates for infants with single anomalies have fallen to the region of 10%. This dramatic success story has been marred by a corresponding increase in ...
Chu J M - - 1991
Thirty cases of early-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia were admitted to National Taiwan University Hospital from 1976 to 1990. The mortality rate has increased in recent years, with an overall mortality rate of 26.7%. Low PH value of initial blood gas, early onset of symptoms at birth and total absence of ...
Wenstrom K D - - 1991
Antenatal in utero surgery for congenital diaphragmatic hernia has been justified by reported perinatal mortality rates of 77% to 80%. Such rates may have been subject to bias of ascertainment and may include fetuses with additional severe malformations who would not be surgical candidates. We used the Iowa Birth Defects ...
Aké E - - 1991
A case of right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia was detected at 33 weeks of gestation. Fetal echocardiography revealed the presence of an intrapericardial mass (3.5 x 3 cm) localized at the right of the heart and surrounded by a massive pericardial effusion. This mass had the same echogenicity as the liver, ...
Toyoguchi S - - 1991
A 4-month-old boy with Down syndrome and infant botulism is reported. He was admitted to our hospital with stridor and developed respiratory failure and generalized paralysis. Laboratory examination revealed botulinal toxin type A in his blood and feces. Clostridium botulinum organisms were found in the feces and in the honey ...
Tabita K - - 1991
Two strains of Clostridium botulinum type A associated with food-borne botulism and six strains associated with infant botulism in Japan were compared in intraintestinal toxin production in infant mice, in vitro toxin and hemagglutinin production, molecular sizes of the toxins, and some other properties. The infant botulism-associated strains, producing M ...
Rolfe R D - - 1991
This study was undertaken to determine if the relative resistance of neonates and infants to Clostridium difficile-associated intestinal disease can be related to age-dependent differences in intestinal receptors for C. difficile toxins A and B. Brush border membranes (BBMs) from the small intestines of adult and infant hamsters were examined ...
Wright J E - - 1991
Direct inguinal hernias occur in newborn babies, both term and premature. Five cases are reported to illustrate three types of direct hernia. The first is a direct weakness without associated significant indirect hernial sac; the second, a sliding direct hernia. The third might be called a 'secondary' direct weakness resulting ...
Qamar I U - - 1991
We describe our experience with chronic peritoneal dialysis in 17 infants. Fourteen boys and 3 girls, aged 2.7-22.5 months, were on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for 215.1 months with 5 infants on continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) for 71.2 months subsequently. Analysis of growth and biochemical data on 16 ...
László A A Paediatric Department, A. Szent-Györgyi Medical University, - - 1991
Ultrastructural findings of biopsy materials of four gipsy first cousin infants suffering from late infantile type of ceroid lipofuscinosis (Jansky-Bielschowsky) were investigated. The diagnostic significance of the conjunctival biopsy is emphasized. The pericytes and the vascular smooth muscle cells of the arterioles proved to be the main inclusion storing cells.
Takahashi M - - 1990
Serum samples taken from two infant botulism cases during hospitalization were titrated for botulinum toxin by both the intraperitoneal (ip) injection method and the score method in mice. By the ip method, in which death is the only parameter, such low levels of toxin as lower than 4 ip LD50/ml ...
Byard R W - - 1990
Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are usually found in neonates who present with respiratory distress. However, a significant number may remain clinically undiagnosed until much later in life. Of interest, the prognosis is felt to be better in this latter group. We describe three previously well patients (aged 2, 4, and 24 ...
Shanbhogue L K - - 1990
Between January 1983 and November 1986, 26 newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia were treated by early operation at a mean of 7 hours of age. A further 23 infants admitted between December 1986 and December 1989 were stabilised for a mean period of 40 hours before operation. There was ...
Glauser T A - - 1990
We report on 3 infants who had relapse of infant botulism after apparent resolution of clinical symptoms. This group represented 5% of the infants with confirmed infant botulism who were treated at our institution since 1976. The exact cause for these relapses was unclear, but three potential mechanisms are examined. ...
Azmy A F - - 1990
An infant is reported with complete duplication of the colon, rectum, anus, terminal ileum up to the point of Meckel's diverticulum, doubling of the genitalia with completely formed penes, double bladder and urethra, multiple spinal anomalies, omphalocele, and large lower abdominal wall hernia with wide separation of the symphysis pubis.
Ildstad S T - - 1990
We report the case of a newborn full-term infant who presented to our service on the first day of life with a right-sided Bochdalek congenital diaphragmatic hernia associated with a high apical insertion of the right hemidiaphragm at the level of the second rib. This resulted in incarceration of the ...
Ando M - - 1990
We evaluated the usefulness of the appearance of asymmetrical inguinal folds in the frog leg position as a screening indicator for congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) in the hope that we might be able to decrease the frequency of radiographic examinations of 3-4-month-old infants. Abnormal inguinal folds were observed ...
Zobel G - - 1990
Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) and continuous arteriovenous hemodialysis (CAVHD) were performed in 6 critically ill infants with hypervolemia and anuria using the Amicon Minifilter and Minifilter plus. The ultrafiltration rates produced during CAVH and CAVHD were 2.1 +/- 0.3 and 1.7 +/- 0.4 ml/min/m2 and the urea clearances were 2.0 ...
Wilson-Storey D - - 1989
A six-week-old infant was seen with bilateral inguinal herniae. It was noted that the position of the right testis within the scrotum varied with the degree of inguinal herniation. At exploration the appendix was found lying within the patent processus vaginalis with its tip firmly adherent to the upper pole ...
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