Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 489
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Watson Deborah - - 2002
A variety of techniques have been described in the literature to repair torn earlobes. Some of these methods incorporate the reconstruction of the earring hole during earlobe repair, but many authors still recommend repiercing the earlobe at a later time. The present article is a comprehensive review of the published ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2002
Patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) usually present in the immediate neonatal period with respiratory distress. Presentation beyond the neonatal period has, however, been reported. We report a case of a 3-year-old child who presented with a six months history of respiratory symptoms and had been subjected to a variety ...
Moyer V - - 2002
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, although rare (1 per 2-4,000 births), is associated with high mortality and cost. Opinion regarding the timing of surgical repair has gradually shifted from emergent repair to a policy of stabilization using a variety of ventilatory strategies prior to operation. Whether delayed surgery is beneficial remains controversial. ...
Herrmann R - - 2001
Risk factors for congenital umbilical hernias were investigated in German Fleckvieh calves up for sale at livestock markets. Data from 53,105 calves were collected from 77 livestock auctions in 1996 and 1997. The overall incidence of congenital umbilical hernia was 1.8%. A significant influence on incidence was exerted by the ...
Böhnel H H Institute for Tropical Animal Health, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Germany. - - 2001
Despite the fact that botulism was described in Germany for the first time by Kerner in 1820, the disease is almost forgotten in this country. Only about 10-20 cases of classical botulism (intoxication) are recorded every year, including 1-2 cases of clinical infant botulism. As we assumed a high incidence ...
Mohty D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) due to mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is often treatable by surgical repair. However, the very long-term (>10-year) durability of repair in both anterior leaflet prolapse (AL-MVP) and posterior leaflet prolapse (PL-MVP) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 917 patients (aged 65+/-13 years, 68% male), surgical correction ...
Moritz M L - - 2001
This report describes a 4-month-old infant with multisystem organ failure who developed severe hypernatremia (sodium 168 mEq/l) due to rapid free water removal associated with acute peritoneal dialysis instituted for fluid overload. The current report describes the pathophysiology of the hypernatremia, and its correction by low-sodium hypertonic peritoneal dialysis without ...
Beningo K E - - 2001
A unilateral, linear, papular-pustular dermatosis is described in a young Brittany Spaniel dog. The dermatosis appeared to follow Blaschko's lines and extended from the left inguinal region to the medial aspect of the left metatarsal area. The predominant histological finding was an eosinophilic and neutrophilic pustular mural folliculitis with prominent ...
Fette A M - - 2001
In a retrospective study, we examined 23 pre-term infants (18 boys, 5 girls) with a median weight of 1540 g (range 720-2770 g) and a median age of 32 weeks (range 25-36 weeks) gestation, who were subsequently operated on after a median of 65 days (range 20-121 days) for 33 ...
Ballantyne A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In children undergoing a unilateral inguinal herniotomy, the contralateral groin is often explored on the basis of a high incidence of patency of the processus vaginalis. The patency rate is highest in infants but there are no data on the subsequent risk of contralateral hernia development purely in this ...
Krishna S - - 2001
Infant Botulism (IB) is a relatively uncommon, though potentially life-threatening neuroparalytic illness caused by the toxins elaborated by Clostridium botulinum (C botulinum). We describe two cases of Infant Botulism. Both these infants presented with a sepsis-like picture and were unsuspectingly treated with the conventional antibiotics ampicillin and gentamicin. The neuroparalytic ...
Coren M E ME Department of Neonatology, St. Mary's Hospital, London, UK. - - 2001
We highlight the morbidity of incarcerated inguinal hernia in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants by presenting a report of two cases. Our aim is to raise the question of the optimal timing of surgery when this common problem presents on the neonatal unit. In each of our cases the hernia ...
Dilek O N - - 2001
There are still many controversial issues in prophylactic appendectomy. In this retrospective study, we have appraised the reasons and results of prophylactic appendectomies performed between January 1997 and August 1999. Sixty four prophylactic appendectomy cases were included in this study and all resected specimens were submitted to histopathological analysis. In ...
Flake A W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether prenatal tracheal occlusion improves survival in a selected population of fetuses affected by severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia. STUDY DESIGN: Fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia were selected as candidates for fetal intervention by specific criteria designed to predict a 90% mortality rate with ...
Patel A S - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of consecutive exotropia after bilateral medial rectus recessions has been rarely studied. Though several series have reported results of medial rectus advancement, none has described results of lateral rectus recessions. METHODS: We reviewed our results in 31 patients who underwent bilateral lateral rectus recessions for consecutive exotropia after ...
Ravid S - - 2000
The syndrome of infant botulism, characterized by constipation, poor feeding, hypotonia, poor head control, and bulbar involvement, is typically a monophasic disease. We describe a 7-month-old infant with a recurrence of illness 13 days after resolution of the presenting signs. The source of infection was unknown and the only potential ...
Oudesluys-Murphy A M - - 2000
PURPOSE: This is a prospective study of 8 clinically apparent inguinal hernias in 7 preterm infant girls. METHODS: The diagnosis was made clinically and confirmed by ultrasonography, which also showed the contents of the hernia. RESULTS: One hernia contained an ovary, the other 7 intestinal loops. The hernias with only ...
Enzerink E - - 2000
The closure of the body wall defect at the umbilicus was studied in relation to the development of umbilical hernias in a group of 44 normal foals, 25 of which were followed from birth until five months of age, and 19 from birth until 11 months of age. At birth, ...
Swift D M - - 2000
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) is generally a disease affecting the elderly and infants. In infants, the process is particularly confusing and frequently misunderstood. In the pediatric population, CSH is just one of a group of sometimes related conditions known as extracerebral fluid collections. In the past, extracerebral fluid collections, in ...
Delgado M R - - 2000
This report describes the use of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in four infants with very severe clubfoot deformity. The gastrocnemius and posterior tibial muscles were injected with BTX-A after the patients reached a treatment plateau in physical therapy. Significant improvement in foot dorsiflexion and foot flexibility was seen in ...
DeCou J M - - 2000
Inguinal hernias (IH) are among the most commonly encountered surgical problems in infants with very low birth weight (VLBW, <1,500 g) with a reported incidence of 16%. A trend toward earlier operation has emerged in recent years, with most now being repaired before discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit. ...
George E K - - 2000
Inguinal hernias were diagnosed at 42 and 38 weeks' postconceptional age in 2 premature girls. The hernial sac contained the uterus, one Fallopian tube, and one ovary. The diagnosis was made by physical and sonographic examination and was confirmed during surgical correction. We suggest sonography in the diagnostic workup in ...
Urdaneta-Carruyo E - - 2000
A 3-month-old male infant was admitted to the University Hospital of Los Andes with a history of constipation, weak crying, poor feeding, flaccidity and later bilateral ptosis and hyporeflexia. The admission diagnosis was septicaemia until an electrophysiological study reported postetanic facilitation with 50 Hz/seg stimulations four days later. The Clostridium ...
Dieltjens A - - 2000
A case of right diaphragmatic eventration, associated with a lung sequestration, in a 7-month-old infant is presented. Failure to thrive was the initial symptom. X-ray of the chest, made because of mild respiratory distress, revealed an inhomogeneous opacification of the right lower hemithorax, suggesting a diaphragmatic hernia. A right thoracotomy ...
Owings E P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Contralateral inguinal exploration in an infant with a symptomatic unilateral hernia is controversial. A patent processus vaginalis (PPV) may be found in up to 60% of term infants, and even in a greater number of preterm infants. However, only 10% to 30% of children will subsequently develop a contralateral ...
Applebaum H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair in the small infant is often technically difficult. An alternative operative approach has been developed that can simplify troublesome repairs, while decreasing the potential risks of damage to cord structures and of recurrence. METHODS: Thirteen small infants (weight 1400-3000 grams) underwent inguinal hernia repair using a ...
Hutson J M - - 2000
The processus vaginalis (PV) is a peritoneal diverticulum which forms to allow descent of the fetal testis to the scrotum. During human development fusion and obliteration of the PV often fails to occur with the result that inguinal hernias are the most prevalent congenital abnormality requiring surgery in childhood. Androgen ...
Moyer V - - 2000
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, although rare (1 per 2-4,000 births), is associated with high mortality and cost. Opinion regarding the timing of surgical repair has gradually shifted from emergent repair to a policy of stabilization using a variety of ventilatory strategies prior to operation. Whether delayed surgery is beneficial remains controversial. ...
Chaudhry V - - 1999
The principal electrodiagnostic feature of infant botulism, an incremental response on high rates of repetitive nerve stimulation, has variable sensitivity and may not always be useful as a diagnostic test given the vagaries of test timing and severity of illness. We report the use of stimulation single fiber EMG (S-SFEMG) ...
Hunter L C - - 1999
The cause of grass sickness, an equine dysautonomia, is unknown. The disease usually results in death. Gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction is a common clinical manifestation in all forms of the disease. It is generally thought that equine grass sickness (EGS) is caused by an ingested or enterically produced neurotoxin which is ...
Müller-Berghaus J - - 1999
Surgical widening of the abdomen by a silastic pouch has been used very rarely in the management of critically ill infants with hepatomegaly due to neuroblastoma stage 4S. A female newborn baby was referred on the second day of life because of local compressive effects of a massive hepatomegaly, which ...
Sheth R D - - 1999
Botulism in infants, unless recognized early, is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The diagnosis is suspected when infants present with sudden onset of weakness, respiratory failure, and constipation and is confirmed by demonstration of botulinum toxin in stool several weeks later. Electrodiagnosis allows quick and reliable confirmation of botulism. ...
Brett M - - 1999
Clostridium botulinum is a spore forming bacterium that grows in the absence of oxygen and is responsible for three main epidemiological categories of disease: foodborne, infant, and wound botulism. Foodborne botulism is an intoxication caused by ingestio
Uemura S - - 1999
Inguinal hernia (IH) is relatively common in premature newborn infants, and the timing of surgical correction is controversial. We studied 40 premature infants who developed an IH and who were initially treated in a neonatal intensive care unit. Birth weight (BW) ranged from 492 to 2,401 g; 21 infants had ...
Nadroo A M - - 1999
We report an unusual case of the left sided diaphragmatic hernia in which the left lobe of the liver blocked the herniation of the intestinal contents into the chest and the clinical symptoms were not apparent at birth. The patient was a full term infant born to a mother whose ...
Aureli P - - 1999
Botulism is a rare, severe, neuroparalytic disease. Four forms of botulism are described in humans: foodborne botulism and the more recently described wound botulism, infant botulism, and infant-like botulism. The two last forms are sometimes grouped un
Schwöbel M G - - 1999
Controversy continues whether exploration of the contralateral, asymptomatic side should routinely be performed since Rothenberg and Barnett stated in 1955 that a contralateral hernia is present in three out of four children presenting with a symptomatic unilateral inguinal hernia (IH). In our institution, hernia operations are performed on the symptomatic ...
Nicholls G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical procedures required for anatomical reconstruction of the bladder and penis in the exstrophy-epispadias complex. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All primary exstrophy-epispadias repairs carried out by one surgeon between 1987 and 1997 were reviewed. Bladder closure consisted of full extraperitoneal mobilization, transpositional omphaloplasty, drainage with ureteric and ...
Ninomiya H - - 1998
The ventriculo-peritoneal shunt placed in a neonate or infant needs revision to lengthen the peritoneal tube at certain times during childhood. The critical time for this revision is not exactly the same between individuals. Furthermore, the level of peritoneal insertion of the shunt tube is often unclear on x-ray films. ...
Ahmed A - - 1998
Three Nigerian infants with spontaneous rupture of an umbilical hernia are described. In two, hernias developed in the neonatal period following umbilical sepsis. Rupture occurred at the ages of 2 and 3 months, respectively, and was probably precipitated by raised intra-abdominal pressure resulting from excessive crying. The third child had ...
Kapur P - - 1998
Hernias and hydroceles are common conditions of infancy and childhood, and inguinal hernia repair is one of the most frequently performed pediatric surgical operations. As a result of improved neonatal intensive care, more and more premature babies are being delivered, and consequently the incidence of neonatal inguinal hernia is increasing. ...
Kemmotsu H - - 1998
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Routine contralateral exploration in infants and children with unilateral clinical inguinal hernia is performed by many surgeons in a selected population of patients based on a presumed high incidence of patent processus vaginalis. Our purpose is to report the actual incidence of contralateral manifestations in infants and children after ...
Cherington M - - 1998
Botulism is a paralyzing disease caused by the toxin of Clostridium botulinum. The toxin produces skeletal muscle paralysis by producing a presynaptic blockade to the release of acetylcholine. Recent studies have pinpointed the site of action of the several types of botulinum neurotoxin at the nerve terminal. Since the discovery ...
Posen R - - 1998
An infant with congenital diaphragmatic hernia was delivered by vacuum extraction, with a resultant subgaleal hemorrhage that excluded him from ECMO. The literature regarding vacuum-assisted delivery and birth trauma is reviewed in the context of congenital anomalies that may require ECMO support, and recommendations for perinatal management are suggested.
Latif Al-Arfaj A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report my experience of Morgagni's hernia in 4 infants and 1 child. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Teaching hospital, Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS: 4 infants and 1 child with Morgagni's hernias, one of which was recurrent. INTERVENTIONS: Repair through an abdominal incision. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presentation, morbidity, and recurrence. RESULTS: ...
IJsselstijn H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia may have biochemically immature lungs. However, normal lecithin/sphingomyelin ratios and phosphatidylglycerol concentrations have been reported in the amniotic fluid of congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients. We hypothesized that if the lungs of congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients are surfactant deficient, that this condition would be reflected ...
Puig de Centorbi O - - 1998
Five cases of infant botulism which occurred during the period from May 1995 to May 1996 in San Luis, Argentina, are reported. Infant botulism was confirmed in all patients by isolation of Clostridium botulinum type A from stool culture and by the toxin assay. Toxin was found in the serum ...
Miltenburg D M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Inguinal herniorrhaphy is the most common general surgical procedure performed in children. The presence of a contralateral patent processus vaginalis forms the basis of the recommendation for contralateral exploration in patients undergoing unilateral herniorrhaphy. However, a patent processus vaginalis does not necessarily go on to become a clinically apparent ...
Rahimifard N - - 1997
The object of this study was to find a suitable staining method for P. carinii. This parasite is not easily stained and clinical signs are not specific for the diagnosis af P. carinii pneumonia and therefore optimal laboratory methods for observing the organism are extremely valuable. In all, 17 new, ...
Parida S K - - 1997
We report on an infant with neonatal Marfan syndrome (NMS) and hiatus/paraesophageal hernia who presented to a university hospital with an unusual early complication of this connective tissue disorder. An abnormal course of the nasogastric tube was noted on the first day of life by a radiograph of the chest ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >