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Results 251 - 300 of 470
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Delgado M R - - 2000
This report describes the use of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in four infants with very severe clubfoot deformity. The gastrocnemius and posterior tibial muscles were injected with BTX-A after the patients reached a treatment plateau in physical therapy. Significant improvement in foot dorsiflexion and foot flexibility was seen in ...
DeCou J M - - 2000
Inguinal hernias (IH) are among the most commonly encountered surgical problems in infants with very low birth weight (VLBW, <1,500 g) with a reported incidence of 16%. A trend toward earlier operation has emerged in recent years, with most now being repaired before discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit. ...
George E K - - 2000
Inguinal hernias were diagnosed at 42 and 38 weeks' postconceptional age in 2 premature girls. The hernial sac contained the uterus, one Fallopian tube, and one ovary. The diagnosis was made by physical and sonographic examination and was confirmed during surgical correction. We suggest sonography in the diagnostic workup in ...
Urdaneta-Carruyo E - - 2000
A 3-month-old male infant was admitted to the University Hospital of Los Andes with a history of constipation, weak crying, poor feeding, flaccidity and later bilateral ptosis and hyporeflexia. The admission diagnosis was septicaemia until an electrophysiological study reported postetanic facilitation with 50 Hz/seg stimulations four days later. The Clostridium ...
Dieltjens A - - 2000
A case of right diaphragmatic eventration, associated with a lung sequestration, in a 7-month-old infant is presented. Failure to thrive was the initial symptom. X-ray of the chest, made because of mild respiratory distress, revealed an inhomogeneous opacification of the right lower hemithorax, suggesting a diaphragmatic hernia. A right thoracotomy ...
Owings E P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Contralateral inguinal exploration in an infant with a symptomatic unilateral hernia is controversial. A patent processus vaginalis (PPV) may be found in up to 60% of term infants, and even in a greater number of preterm infants. However, only 10% to 30% of children will subsequently develop a contralateral ...
Applebaum H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair in the small infant is often technically difficult. An alternative operative approach has been developed that can simplify troublesome repairs, while decreasing the potential risks of damage to cord structures and of recurrence. METHODS: Thirteen small infants (weight 1400-3000 grams) underwent inguinal hernia repair using a ...
Hutson J M - - 2000
The processus vaginalis (PV) is a peritoneal diverticulum which forms to allow descent of the fetal testis to the scrotum. During human development fusion and obliteration of the PV often fails to occur with the result that inguinal hernias are the most prevalent congenital abnormality requiring surgery in childhood. Androgen ...
Moyer V - - 2000
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, although rare (1 per 2-4,000 births), is associated with high mortality and cost. Opinion regarding the timing of surgical repair has gradually shifted from emergent repair to a policy of stabilization using a variety of ventilatory strategies prior to operation. Whether delayed surgery is beneficial remains controversial. ...
Chaudhry V - - 1999
The principal electrodiagnostic feature of infant botulism, an incremental response on high rates of repetitive nerve stimulation, has variable sensitivity and may not always be useful as a diagnostic test given the vagaries of test timing and severity of illness. We report the use of stimulation single fiber EMG (S-SFEMG) ...
Hunter L C - - 1999
The cause of grass sickness, an equine dysautonomia, is unknown. The disease usually results in death. Gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction is a common clinical manifestation in all forms of the disease. It is generally thought that equine grass sickness (EGS) is caused by an ingested or enterically produced neurotoxin which is ...
Müller-Berghaus J - - 1999
Surgical widening of the abdomen by a silastic pouch has been used very rarely in the management of critically ill infants with hepatomegaly due to neuroblastoma stage 4S. A female newborn baby was referred on the second day of life because of local compressive effects of a massive hepatomegaly, which ...
Sheth R D - - 1999
Botulism in infants, unless recognized early, is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The diagnosis is suspected when infants present with sudden onset of weakness, respiratory failure, and constipation and is confirmed by demonstration of botulinum toxin in stool several weeks later. Electrodiagnosis allows quick and reliable confirmation of botulism. ...
Brett M - - 1999
Clostridium botulinum is a spore forming bacterium that grows in the absence of oxygen and is responsible for three main epidemiological categories of disease: foodborne, infant, and wound botulism. Foodborne botulism is an intoxication caused by ingestio
Uemura S - - 1999
Inguinal hernia (IH) is relatively common in premature newborn infants, and the timing of surgical correction is controversial. We studied 40 premature infants who developed an IH and who were initially treated in a neonatal intensive care unit. Birth weight (BW) ranged from 492 to 2,401 g; 21 infants had ...
Nadroo A M - - 1999
We report an unusual case of the left sided diaphragmatic hernia in which the left lobe of the liver blocked the herniation of the intestinal contents into the chest and the clinical symptoms were not apparent at birth. The patient was a full term infant born to a mother whose ...
Aureli P - - 1999
Botulism is a rare, severe, neuroparalytic disease. Four forms of botulism are described in humans: foodborne botulism and the more recently described wound botulism, infant botulism, and infant-like botulism. The two last forms are sometimes grouped un
Schwöbel M G - - 1999
Controversy continues whether exploration of the contralateral, asymptomatic side should routinely be performed since Rothenberg and Barnett stated in 1955 that a contralateral hernia is present in three out of four children presenting with a symptomatic unilateral inguinal hernia (IH). In our institution, hernia operations are performed on the symptomatic ...
Nicholls G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical procedures required for anatomical reconstruction of the bladder and penis in the exstrophy-epispadias complex. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All primary exstrophy-epispadias repairs carried out by one surgeon between 1987 and 1997 were reviewed. Bladder closure consisted of full extraperitoneal mobilization, transpositional omphaloplasty, drainage with ureteric and ...
Ninomiya H - - 1998
The ventriculo-peritoneal shunt placed in a neonate or infant needs revision to lengthen the peritoneal tube at certain times during childhood. The critical time for this revision is not exactly the same between individuals. Furthermore, the level of peritoneal insertion of the shunt tube is often unclear on x-ray films. ...
Ahmed A - - 1998
Three Nigerian infants with spontaneous rupture of an umbilical hernia are described. In two, hernias developed in the neonatal period following umbilical sepsis. Rupture occurred at the ages of 2 and 3 months, respectively, and was probably precipitated by raised intra-abdominal pressure resulting from excessive crying. The third child had ...
Kapur P - - 1998
Hernias and hydroceles are common conditions of infancy and childhood, and inguinal hernia repair is one of the most frequently performed pediatric surgical operations. As a result of improved neonatal intensive care, more and more premature babies are being delivered, and consequently the incidence of neonatal inguinal hernia is increasing. ...
Kemmotsu H - - 1998
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Routine contralateral exploration in infants and children with unilateral clinical inguinal hernia is performed by many surgeons in a selected population of patients based on a presumed high incidence of patent processus vaginalis. Our purpose is to report the actual incidence of contralateral manifestations in infants and children after ...
Cherington M - - 1998
Botulism is a paralyzing disease caused by the toxin of Clostridium botulinum. The toxin produces skeletal muscle paralysis by producing a presynaptic blockade to the release of acetylcholine. Recent studies have pinpointed the site of action of the several types of botulinum neurotoxin at the nerve terminal. Since the discovery ...
Posen R - - 1998
An infant with congenital diaphragmatic hernia was delivered by vacuum extraction, with a resultant subgaleal hemorrhage that excluded him from ECMO. The literature regarding vacuum-assisted delivery and birth trauma is reviewed in the context of congenital anomalies that may require ECMO support, and recommendations for perinatal management are suggested.
Latif Al-Arfaj A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report my experience of Morgagni's hernia in 4 infants and 1 child. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Teaching hospital, Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS: 4 infants and 1 child with Morgagni's hernias, one of which was recurrent. INTERVENTIONS: Repair through an abdominal incision. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presentation, morbidity, and recurrence. RESULTS: ...
IJsselstijn H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia may have biochemically immature lungs. However, normal lecithin/sphingomyelin ratios and phosphatidylglycerol concentrations have been reported in the amniotic fluid of congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients. We hypothesized that if the lungs of congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients are surfactant deficient, that this condition would be reflected ...
Puig de Centorbi O - - 1998
Five cases of infant botulism which occurred during the period from May 1995 to May 1996 in San Luis, Argentina, are reported. Infant botulism was confirmed in all patients by isolation of Clostridium botulinum type A from stool culture and by the toxin assay. Toxin was found in the serum ...
Miltenburg D M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Inguinal herniorrhaphy is the most common general surgical procedure performed in children. The presence of a contralateral patent processus vaginalis forms the basis of the recommendation for contralateral exploration in patients undergoing unilateral herniorrhaphy. However, a patent processus vaginalis does not necessarily go on to become a clinically apparent ...
Rahimifard N - - 1997
The object of this study was to find a suitable staining method for P. carinii. This parasite is not easily stained and clinical signs are not specific for the diagnosis af P. carinii pneumonia and therefore optimal laboratory methods for observing the organism are extremely valuable. In all, 17 new, ...
Parida S K - - 1997
We report on an infant with neonatal Marfan syndrome (NMS) and hiatus/paraesophageal hernia who presented to a university hospital with an unusual early complication of this connective tissue disorder. An abnormal course of the nasogastric tube was noted on the first day of life by a radiograph of the chest ...
Pans A - - 1997
The biomechanical properties of the transversalis fascia and rectus abdominis aponeurosis were assessed in adult groin hernias, using a computerized-suction device (Cutometer) equipped with a 2-mm probe. Evaluations were made ex vivo on fresh samples collected from 63 patients with unilateral or bilateral hernias and 30 control subjects without hernias. ...
Balslev T - - 1997
Infant botulism is caused by intestinal colonization by Clostridium botulinum, C. barati or C. butyricum. Infant botulism has only rarely been reported outside the USA. A 3-month-old boy developed constipation, lethargy, feeding difficulties and descending, severe, symmetric weakness. He was breastfed but had also been fed honey. Supportive care led ...
Kakinuma H - - 1997
A nested polymerase chain reaction was utilized to successfully detect the type B botulinum neurotoxin gene of Clostridium botulinum in feces from a 6-month-old patient, who had already been diagnosed with type B infant botulism by mouse bio-assay. This method of rapid diagnosis without enrichment culture of feces can be ...
Aufricht C - - 1997
Although peritoneal equilibration testing (PET) is increasingly used in chronic peritoneal dialysis, there is little knowledge about the clinical impact of PET in the acute setting. We report about more than threefold increases in lactate removal by adjusting the dialysis prescription according to the results of PET in an infant ...
Goebel H H - - 1997
Among the different nosological forms of nemaline/rod myopathy, one morphological variant is marked by intranuclear rods in addition to sarcoplasmic rods. Such patients fall into two categories: firstly, adults and secondly, young infants suffering from the severe form. Intranuclear rods indicate unfavourable prognosis. Recently, intranuclear rods without sarcoplasmic rods have ...
Barthold J S - - 1996
PURPOSE: We performed a prospective study to assess the relationship between epididymal anomalies and patency of the processus vaginalis in boys presenting with hernia, hydrocele or cryptorchidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The degree of patency of the processus vaginalis (closed, partially closed or open) and morphology of the ipsilateral epididymis were ...
Huang Li-Tung - - 1996
AN 8-MONTH-OLD male infant with a 7-day history of fever and a 5-day history of obstipation was seen for abdominal distension. On physical examination, the infant was in acute distress, with a distended abdomen and absent bowel sounds. His perianal area was erythematous and indurated and had a number of ...
Kakinuma H - - 1996
A six-month-old girl with a 5 consecutive day history of constipation and poor feeding developed generalized weakness, poor head control, difficulties in sucking and swallowing, and cranial nerve dysfunction within a few days. These characteristic manifestations and clinical course prompted examination of the possibility of infant botulism, although no history ...
Colonna F - - 1996
A case of severe, acute accidental theophylline intoxication in a 6-week old preterm infant treated with peritoneal dialysis is reported. Theophylline concentrations in plasma, urine and in the peritoneal lavage fluid were measured during all the procedure. With dialysis theophylline half-life was reduced to 14.8 hours, despite a plasmatic peak ...
Lotan A - - 1996
With the aid of dialysis and ion exchange chromatography, a new polypeptide toxin was purified from the tentacles of the Mediterranean jellyfish Rhopilema nomadica. The amino acid sequence of the N-terminal segment of the new toxin revealed that it is a phospholipase A2 (PhA2) toxin closely resembling those previously isolated ...
Wiener E S - - 1996
The members of the Section on Surgery of the American Academy of Pediatrics were surveyed to determine the practice of North American pediatric surgeons in infants with inguinal hernia (IH). Case-scenario multiple-choice-design questionnaires regarding hernias and hydroceles were sent to all members of the Surgical Section, and responses were received ...
Chana J - - 1996
This report describes a family in which the father and three children had a sliding hiatus hernia. In each case there was gastro-oesophageal reflux from the neonatal period which proved unresponsive to medical therapy, ultimately requiring anti-reflux surgery. The trait in this family supports an autosomal dominant genetic component to ...
Desch L W - - 1996
A retrospective study was done to determine whether improved weight gain follows inguinal hernia repair in the premature infant and whether the presence of an inguinal hernia is associated with comparatively poorer weight gain prior to repair. Demographic and growth data from 28 premature infants who had undergone hernia repair ...
Dommergues M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to establish whether prenatal ultrasonography predicts postnatal outcome in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. STUDY DESIGN: We designed a retrospective multicenter cohort study of 135 patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (122 left, 10 right, 2 bilateral, 1 anterior). In isolated left congenital diaphragmatic hernia five potential prenatal prognostic factors ...
Waldhaussen J H - - 1996
Incisional hernias through laparoscopic trocar sites are unusual complications of laparoscopy. When hernias do occur they are generally through trocar sites 10 mm or greater in size. To prevent hernias, laparoscopic incisions are usually closed at the fascial level. Five-mm trocar sites are usually closed only at the subcutaneous level ...
Hsu C F - - 1996
Epididymo-orchitis (EO) is said to be extremely rare in infants and children. It is usually diagnosed after scrotal exploration for symptoms which mimic manifestations between EO and torsion of the cord and its appendage. The pathophysiologic mechanisms for the development of EO are not well known. Although some causative agents ...
Johnston R B - - 1995
20 fresh frozen human wrist specimens were dissected. Gross and histological examination and biochemical evaluation were performed on the intrinsic ligaments (scapho-lunate and luno-triquetral) and extrinsic ligaments (radio-scapho-capitate and radio-lunate). All ligaments were observed to have longitudinal collagen bundles. The intrinsic ligaments had large amounts of fibrocartilage near insertions and ...
Dimitriou G - - 1995
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to compare a series of tests with respect to prediction of outcome. Tidal volume and compliance of the respiratory system (CRS) were measured preoperatively and on the first and second postoperative days. The maximum ...
Bhatia A M - - 1995
Focal dermal hypoplasia is a rare, X-linked dominant syndrome characterized by dysplasia of the skin, skeleton, and central nervous system. We report an infant who was born with severe focal dermal hypoplasia and an epigastric hernia. Operative timing and approach to abdominal wall defects in the presence of severe cutaneous ...
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