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Taniguchi Satoshi - - 2006
Impaired collagen subtype proportions in the matrices results in the alteration of tissue tensile strength, and is an underlying cause of adult inguinal hernia formation; however, it remains unclear if this alteration is also responsible for infantile inguinal hernia formation. We correlated the ratios of collagen type I to type ...
Lopez Pedro-Jose - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopy is now the established management for infants with inguinal hernia at our institution. Open inguinal herniotomy in children with bladder exstrophy can be a difficult operation and is associated with a high rate of recurrence (15%). Here, we report our initial experience with laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia ...
Fallani Matteo - - 2006
Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile are pathogenic clostridia potentially associated with gastrointestinal infections and allergy in infants. To enable the molecular detection and quantification of these species in the infant gut, two 16S rRNA oligonucleotide probes were developed: Cdif198 for C. difficile and Cperf191 for C. perfringens. We defined the ...
Rönnholm Kai A R - - 2006
The need for maintenance dialysis for infants is rare, but peritoneal dialysis has been the modality of choice in cases of end-stage renal failure, for technical reasons. Problems include higher mortality rates and an inferior long-term outcome compared with that in older children. Also, no internationally accepted guidelines exist for ...
Marin Jennifer - - 2006
A 4-month-old infant with trisomy 21 is brought to the emergency department for breathing difficulty. Subsequently, he is diagnosed with a Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia. Tachypnea in an infant with trisomy 21 may be the result of diagnosis such as congenital heart disease, infectious processes, structural anomalies, or aspiration secondary to ...
Grethel Erich J - - 2006
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) continues to account for significant mortality in neonates. Advances in postnatal therapies have reduced mortality rates in the less severely affected infants, though surviving infants continue to display significant comorbid conditions. The history of fetal treatment for CDH is a microcosm for the development of fetal ...
Prakash M, Ninan Z, ...
A newborn with megaesophagus associated with a left sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia is reported. This is an under recognized condition associated with herniation of the stomach into the chest and results in chronic morbidity with impairment of growth due to severe gastro esophageal reflux and feed intolerance. The infant was ...
Arnon Stephen S SS Infant Botulism Treatment and Prevention Program, California Department of Health Services, Richmond, CA 94804, USA. - - 2006
We created the orphan drug Human Botulism Immune Globulin Intravenous (Human) (BIG-IV), which neutralizes botulinum toxin, and evaluated its safety and efficacy in treating infant botulism, the intestinal-toxemia form of human botulism. We performed a five-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial statewide, in California, of BIG-IV in 122 infants with suspected ...
Yuksel K Z - - 2006
Patients with ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts may have multiple complications. Migration of the peritoneal catheter into some anatomical or congenitally open cavities can cause inguinal or genitourinary manifestations such as hernia, hydrocele or acute scrotum, and these are common in male infants. We report a very rare complication of VP shunt ...
Szczepkowski Marek - - 2006
The most common occurred long-term stoma complication is parastomal hernia (PH). The incidence of this complication reaches 50% and, according to Goligher, the parastomal hernia is an inevitable consequence in a certain percentage of all cases of stoma formation. The factors that may affect the incidence of parastomal hernia include ...
Brook Itzhak - - 2006
Botulism is a rare paralytic disease caused by a neurotoxin produced from the spore-forming bacterium Clostridium botulinum and in rare cases Clostridium butyricum and Clostridium baratii. Botulism has 4 naturally occurring syndromes: foodborne, wound, infant botulism, and adult intestinal toxemia. Inhalational botulism could result from aerosolization of botulinum toxin, and ...
van der Vorst Maria M J MM Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Mubarak Al Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait. - - 2006
To report the first case of infant botulism in Arabian Gulf States. A 6-week-old infant, presenting with signs of sepsis, was intubated and ventilated due to progressive weakness. Infant botulism was suspected with acute flaccid paralysis and a history of honey consumption. An electromyogram showed decreased amplitude of compound muscle ...
Brindley N - - 2005
Incarcerated inguinal hernias in infants are commonly encountered. Reduction with intravenous sedation using morphine and related drugs carries risks of apnoea and/or respiratory arrest, especially in small, ex-premature babies who have an increased incidence of incarceration and thus opiate use is best avoided. Caudal epidural anaesthesia is widely used as ...
St Peter Shawn D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bilateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a rare form of diaphragmatic hernia. Independently, pericardial defects are an extremely rare phenomenon. In the case presented, we provide the first complete description of an infant with bilateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia with complete agenesis of the pericardium and inferior parietal pleura. CASE: A ...
Fowler Carol L - - 2005
Although sliding indirect inguinal hernias containing the ipsilateral ovary and fallopian tube are not uncommon in infant girls, sliding hernias containing both ovaries are rare. This report describes a large indirect inguinal hernia in a 1-year-old infant girl that contained the left uterine fundus, left bladder ear, as well as ...
Tiemann Christian - - 2005
We report on three male newborn infants of a highly inbred Lebanese family presenting with a characteristic phenotype: arthrogryposis multiplex, deafness, large inguinal hernia, hiccup-like diaphragmatic contractions, and inability to suck, requiring nasogastric gavage feeding. All three boys died from respiratory failure during the first 3 months of life. Intra ...
Deeb Asma - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinical presentation of complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) and assess the current practice of considering the diagnosis of CAIS in female infants presenting with inguinal hernia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: AIS arises from target tissue resistance to the actions of androgens due to molecular abnormalities in the ...
Brett M M - - 2005
Infant botulism was confirmed in a 5-month-old female by both isolation of Clostridium botulinum type B and by detection of type B botulinum neurotoxin in rectal washout and faeces. DNA fingerprinting of nine isolates from faeces yielded two different amplified-fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) patterns. C. botulinum was isolated from two ...
Barash Jason R - - 2005
In late 2003 a severely hypotonic neonate, just 38 h old at onset of illness, was found to have infant botulism caused by neurotoxigenic Clostridium baratii type F. Environmental investigations failed to identify a source of this strain. This is the youngest patient reported to have infant botulism and the ...
Thompson J A - - 2005
Infant botulism causes acute bulbar dysfunction, weakness, and respiratory failure in infants living in endemic regions of the United States. Until Food and Drug Administration approval of botulism immune globulin (BIG) in October 2003, management of infant botulism had changed little since the 1970s. Currently, IV therapy with BIG is ...
West Sonlee D - - 2005
Survival of patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia has improved with the introduction of more sophisticated treatments. Long-term follow up has led to the recognition of pulmonary morbidity not previously recognized. In addition, extrapulmonary problems associated with the survival of these high-risk infants are now being identified. This review describes associated ...
Tsushimi Takaaki - - 2005
The authors describe the case of an incarcerated femoral hernia in an infant. A 4-month-old female infant was hospitalized with an incarcerated right groin hernia. Attempts to reduce the mass were unsuccessful, so an emergency surgery was performed. During surgery, the hernial sac seemed to protrude under the inguinal ligament. ...
Fox Christine K - - 2005
Since infant botulism was first identified three decades ago, our understanding of botulinum toxins and the organisms that produce them has grown. A newer classification system now recognizes Clostridium baratii and Clostridium butyricum along with Clostridium botulinum as causative agents. Recently, increasing therapeutic use of botulinum toxins has sparked substantial ...
Keet Corinne A - - 2005
We report a case of botulism in a 54-hour-old infant with rapidly progressive fulminant paralysis and rapid spontaneous recovery atypical for infant botulism. Clostridium baratii and type F botulinum neurotoxin were isolated from the patient's stool. This unique presentation with rapid recovery is consistent with pharmacokinetics of type F botulinum ...
Backman Torbjörn - - 2005
An infant underwent laparoscopy using a 2-mm trocar for the video optic to achieve a gastrostomy. Two days postoperatively, a trocar-site herniation of the omentum was noted and measured. This suggests that the operating surgeon should consider a secure closure of the wound even after a 2-mm trocar is used ...
Patocka Jirí - - 2005
Botulism is a potentially lethal disease caused by one of seven homologous neurotoxic proteins usually produced by the bacterium, Clostridium botulinum. This neuromuscular disorder occurs through an exquisite series of molecular events, ultimately ending with the arrest of acetylcholine release and hence, flaccid paralysis. There are three types of botulism: ...
Agrawal A - - 2005
Hiatal hernias are frequently diagnosed during upper endoscopy or barium radiography. They can also be identified based on the typical 'double high pressure zone' or 'double hump' during stationary manometric pull-through. This paper aims to compare manometric and endoscopic identification of hiatal hernias. We retrospectively reviewed records of patients who ...
Nevas Mari M Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 66, 00014 Helsinki University, Finland. - - 2005
Clostridium botulinum type B was detected by multiplex PCR in the intestinal contents of a suddenly deceased 11-week-old infant and in vacuum cleaner dust from the patient's household. C. botulinum was also isolated from the deceased infant's intestinal contents and from the household dust. The genetic similarity of the two ...
Vaos G - - 2004
The usual presentation of crossed testicular ectopia (CTE) is that of inguinal hernia with contralateral absent testis. We report on a 10-month-old infant with CTE, which presented as irreducible inguinal hernia. Diagnosis was made during surgery, as the child underwent an emergency operation for repair of his irreducible right inguinal ...
L. B. Chirdan, A. ...
A 21 day old boy with spontaneous scrotal faecal fistula following a neglected strangulated right inguinal hernia is reported. He had necrotizing fasciitis of the right scrotum with sparing of the testis. He successfully had debridement, herniotomy and bowel resection with end-to-end anastomosis. This is a rare occurrence in infants ...
Barreto Maria Weber Guimarães - - 2004
The incidence of inguinal hernia in premature infants is significantly high, and the optimal timing for its correction is controversial. Furthermore, whether the nutritional status of neonates will alter hernia diagnosis and postoperative results has not been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to analyze the results of premature ...
McLaughlin Joseph B - - 2004
We report an outbreak of botulism that occurred in July 2002 in a group of 12 Alaskan Yu'pik Eskimos who ate blubber and skin from a beached beluga whale. Botulism death rates among Alaska Natives have declined in the last 20 years, yet incidence has increased.
Favorito Luciano A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence of testicular and epididymal appendages in patients with cryptorchidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 65 patients with cryptorchidism, totalizing 83 testes and 40 patients who had prostate adenocarcinoma and hydrocele (control group), totalizing 55 testes. The following situations were analyzed: I) absence of testicular and ...
Maruyama Mitsunori - - 2003
Unusual manifestations of the mode of termination were observed in a patient with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). After administration of verapamil during AVNRT, isorhythmic atrioventricular dissociation occurred without termination of the tachycardia. The sinus rate was slightly faster than that of the AVNRT, leading to the P wave preceding ...
Rall V L M - - 2003
Infantile botulism was recognized in 1976 as a paralyzing disease caused by the ingestion of viable spores that would germinate and colonize the intestinal tract of infants, with local production and absorption of Clostridium botulinum toxin. The possible origins of botulinic spores are dust and honey, which has been identified ...
Rosch R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recurrent inguinal hernias in early infancy are rare. We report on a case of a 3-month-old male infant suffering bilateral inguinal hernia recurrence (RINGH). Due to previous observations of an altered collagen metabolism in hernia patients, a severe connective-tissue pathology in the infant was hypothesised. METHODS: Hernial sac tissue ...
Armada Manuel - - 2003
Previously reported cases of botulism in infants have been diagnosed as infant botulism; that is, botulism caused by intestinal colonization by Clostridium botulinum with intraluminal production and absorption of toxin. Foodborne botulism is caused by ingestion of preformed toxin. We describe an unusual case of foodborne botulism in a 6-month-old ...
Goyal Anju - - 2003
Chylothorax is a recognized cause of morbidity after repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Management may include prolonged hospitalization with cessation of enteral feedings, repeated aspiration, chest tube drainage, total parenteral nutrition, and introduction of a medium chain triglyceride (MCT) diet as the effusion resolves. The authors report that the ...
Dott Mary M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia affects about 1000 United States infants a year. In most cases, the etiology of this condition is unknown. Treatment strategies have changed in recent years. We sought to calculate the birth prevalence, determine risk factors, examine associated defects, and assess trends in survival. METHODS: We conducted ...
Janssen Werner - - 2003
Hiatus hernias of the diaphragma are rarely recorded under forensic aspects. Their relevance is demonstrated by the case of an elderly lady who was suffering from severe abdominal pain after dinner. She vomited several times and died 4 days later. After a forgery of the notarial last will and testament ...
Davies Brian W - - 2003
Previous studies have reported an increased incidence of complications following neonatal inguinal herniotomy (IH) in boys. The incidence and natural history of postoperative hydrocele in such cases has not been described. A prospective follow-up study of a consecutive series of male infants weighing less than 3 kg at the time ...
- - 2003
Infant botulism results from germination of swallowed spores of botulinum toxin-producing clostridia that colonize the large intestine temporarily. Four cases of type B infant botulism in one New York City (NYC) borough were diagnosed within a 12-month period during 2001-2002. All four patients resided in Staten Island (2000 population: 443,728). ...
Davis Larry E. - - 2003
Botulinum toxin is the most potent toxin known to humans and as little as 100 ng can be lethal. The toxin blocks peripheral cholinergic neurotransmission at the neuromuscular junction and cholinergic autonomic nervous system by introducing an endopeptadase enzyme into the presynaptic side of the synapse. The endopeptadase cleaves acetylcholine ...
Shabbir J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Contralateral groin exploration in children with unilateral inguinal hernia is still controversial, particularly in infants. The patency rate of processus vaginalis is highest in infants but there are few data on the subsequent risk of contralateral hernia development in infants. In this retrospective study, we aimed to find out ...
Satoh Eiki - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the mechanism of the protective effect of black tea extract's thearubigin fraction against the action of tetanus toxin. The effects of thearubigin fraction extracted from a black tea infusion were examined for neuromuscular blocking action on tetanus toxin in mouse phrenic ...
Sydorak R M - - 2002
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Nonimmune hydrops in the fetus is a finding that often portends death. The association and prognosis of fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and hydrops is not known. METHODS: A retrospective review of all prenatally diagnosed cases and referrals of CDH was performed. Variables analyzed included gestational age at ...
Ameh Emmanuel A - - 2002
In an 11 year period, 17 newborns aged < or = 42 days had repair of 21 inguinal hernias. Eleven 52%) of the hernias were incarcerated or strangulated, necessitating bowel resection in 4 (36%) and orchidectomy for testicular infarction in 2 (18%). Only 4 babies with 7 hernias had elective ...
Tanzi Maria G - - 2002
Infant botulism, a disease that results in a blockade of voluntary motor and autonomic functions, was first recognized in the United States in the late 1970s. Since then, more than 1000 cases in this country have been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Numerous studies have ...
Burd Angela J - - 2002
Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common surgical procedures performed on premature infants. Improved survival rates in the NICU have led to an increase in the incidence of premature infants with inguinal hernias. The NICU nurse, often the first to notice an inguinal hernia in a premature infant, ...
Fenton Laura Z - - 2002
We report a rare type of hourglass-shaped hydrocele in an infant, which extended through the inguinal canal with a large intra-abdominal component. This entity is important to recognize in a patient with scrotal swelling and an ipsilateral abdominal mass. The incidence of abdominoscrotal hydrocele may be higher than previously reported.
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