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Barash Jason R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Because Clostridium botulinum was isolated from powdered infant formula (PIF) fed to an infant in the United Kingdom who subsequently developed infant botulism and from unopened PIF from the same manufacturer, we tested PIF manufactured in the United States for the presence of clostridial spores. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty PIF ...
Pisanti R - - 2009
Botulism is the acute, flaccid paralysis caused by a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. In the infant, clinical symptoms are usually unspecific such as poor feeding, weak suck, feeble cry, drooling, followed by a symmetric, descending, flaccid paralysis beginning with the cranial nerve musculature. The initial symptoms of the disease ...
Lúquez Carolina - - 2010
Clostridium botulinum type E has been associated with botulism in adults but never in infants. Infant botulism type E cases have been associated with neurotoxigenic strains of C. butyricum. We report the first infant botulism case due to C. botulinum type E worldwide.
McHugh Kieran - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) is a promising treatment for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a condition that carries significant morbidity and mortality. It is hypothesised that balloon occlusion of the fetal trachea leads to an improvement in lung growth and development. The major documented complications of FETO to date ...
Eberly Matthew D - - 2009
Infant botulism is an exceedingly rare disease. Because confirmatory laboratory testing is not available for several days after time of presentation, infant botulism remains a clinical diagnosis. The authors demonstrate how raised intraocular pressure may provide an additional clinical clue to making the diagnosis.
Quiambao Beatriz P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical algorithm that can be used to identify pneumonia deaths in young infants in developing countries and estimate the disease burden in this population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Infants younger than 60 days hospitalized with signs of severe pneumonia who underwent clinical, microbiologic and radiological evaluation were ...
Rehman M R - - 2010
Amyand's hernia is a rare type of hernia in which the appendix is found in the inguinal canal. A case of an 8-week-old boy who was diagnosed and managed laparoscopically is presented. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of emergency laparoscopic surgery for an Amyand's hernia in ...
O'Reilly Eamon B - - 2009
We report a case of infant botulism presenting as primary colonic ileus--mimicking Hirschprung's megacolon. Infant botulism should be considered in any infant with constipation and neurologic abnormalities.
Bianco M I MI Area Microbiología, Departamento de Patología, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Centro Universitario, Parque General San Martín S/N, Mendoza, - - 2009
Infant botulism is an intestinal toxemia caused principally by Clostridium botulinum. Since the infection occurs in the intestinal tract, numerous food products have been investigated for the presence of C. botulinum and its neurotoxins. In many countries, people use linden flower (Tilia spp) tea as a household remedy and give ...
Kanojia R P - - 2010
Bilateral Morgagni's hernia is rare in infants. We report a rare case of bilateral anterio-medial defect in the diaphragm in a 5-month-old infant presenting with recurrent respiratory tract infection. He had two adjacent accessory hepatic lobes which, presumably, had embryologically caused the defect. He also had secondary herniation of the ...
Peredo Dawn E - - 2009
Hypotonia is characterized by reduced resistance to passive range of motion in joints versus weakness, which is a reduction in the maximum muscle power that can be generated. (Dubowitz, 1985; Crawford, 1992; Martin, 2005) Based on strong research evidence, central hypotonia accounts for 60% to 80% of cases of hypotonia, ...
Grant Kathie A - - 2009
Infant botulism is a rare disease in the UK, with the first case being recognized in 1978 and only five subsequent cases being reported before 2007. This study reports two unlinked cases of infant botulism, caused by two distinct strains of Clostridium botulinum (toxin types A and B, respectively), that ...
Hennelly Kara - - 2011
Inguinal masses are a common finding among infants. The differential diagnosis of these masses in infants is broad, with inguinal hernia being the most common diagnosis in both males and females. However, the evaluation and management of males vs. females with inguinal masses is somewhat different due to the greater ...
Burgu Berk - - 2010
Posterior urethral valves are a common obstructive uropathy causing severe hydroureteronephrosis. Ureteral herniation is very rare and often misdiagnosed. We report a male infant with posterior urethral valves who had increased persistent hydronephrosis despite prior successful ablation. Further examination revealed a paraperitoneal inguinal ureter herniation to be responsible for the ...
Suk E H - - 2009
This study evaluated the effects of the reverse Trendelenburg position and additional inguinal compression on the cross-sectional area of the femoral vein in paediatric patients. Seventy subjects were allocated to two groups: the infants group and the children group. Cross-sectional area of the femoral vein was measured just below the ...
Patural Hugues - - 2009
Three infants presenting with severe cases of infantile botulism, occurring at 17, 30, and 180 days of life, respectively, are described in this report. All three infants presented with areflexive flaccid coma or apnoeas requiring prolonged ventilation. In serum, type B botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT/B) was detected in two cases and ...
Stevens Timothy P - - 2009
The goal of the study was to test the hypothesis that infants with known congenital diaphragmatic hernias born at early term gestation (37-38 weeks) rather than later (39-41 weeks) had greater survival rates and less extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use. Primary outcomes were survival to hospital discharge or transfer and extracorporeal ...
Panda Britta - - 2009
Intrathoracic renal ectopia as a result of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare congenital anomaly. We present a case in which the prenatal diagnosis of an ectopic intrathoracic kidney was made on routine anatomical survey at 28 weeks' gestation. Color doppler sonography imaging revealed the renal artery coursing ...
Fenicia Lucia - - 2009
Infant botulism is a rare disease that affects infant less than 12 months of age. The illness results from absorption of botulinum toxin produced in situ by neurotoxigenic clostridia that can temporarily colonize the intestinal tract of infants. To date, all inhabited continents except Africa have reported cases of infant ...
Paerregaard A - - 2008
A 4.5 months old, previously healthy Danish girl was admitted to a paediatric department after six days of passive behaviour and weak suck. Over the next days she became increasingly weak, developed bilateral ptosis, the muscle stretch reflexes were lost, and mydriasis with slow pupillary responses was noted. Botulism was ...
David Osifo Osarumwense - - 2009
The diagnosis of appendicitis is challenging in neonates and infants due to the unspecific clinical signs and symptoms, presence of many differentials and inability to elicit history from a preverbal child. Gangrenous retrocolic appendix mimicking incarcerated umbilical hernia is rare. Consequently, the correct diagnosis of a gangrenous retrocolic appendix in ...
Domingo Rose M - - 2008
Infant botulism is a cause for significant pediatric morbidity in the United States, though early recognition and supportive care can greatly improve clinical outcomes. Since the approval of human botulism immune globulin by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of infant botulism in 2003, the ...
Baldassarre E - - 2009
Amyand's hernia (AH) is the presence of a normal or inflamed vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac. This condition is unusual in neonates and in infants, and it has not been described in premature twins. We present two 32-day-old biovular twins with a right AH, treated with sparing of ...
Kinugasa Yusuke - - 2008
Semi-serial sections from the lumbosacral region of nine fetuses (8-25 weeks gestation) were examined to clarify the lumbar prevertebral fascial arrangement. The prevertebral fasciae became evident after 12 weeks of age. After 20 weeks of age, the hypogastric nerve (HGN) was sandwiched by two fascial structures; the ventral fascia which ...
Fathalla Waseem M - - 2008
We report on a 3-month-old girl with culture-confirmed infant botulism caused by a rare double toxin-producing Clostridium botulinum type Ba. This case was not related to honey-feeding. The clinical course was prolonged, with minimal spontaneous improvement at onset, and a period of fluctuating motor weakness and nasogastric feeding dependence afterward. ...
Jedrzejewski Grzegorz - - 2008
Hernia of the canal of Nuck is a rare condition occurring in female infants. The canal of Nuck is a portion of the processus vaginalis of the peritoneum within the inguinal canal. The processus vaginalis is an evagination of parietal peritoneum of the embryonic lower anterior abdominal wall that passes ...
Shariff Faiz U - - 2008
This case report illustrates an unexpected advantage of using the laparoscopic approach for inguinal hernia repair in infants. In this paper, we report an infant referred to us with a diagnosis of an irreducible left inguinal hernia. He presented with a 1-day history of bilious vomiting and poor weight gain ...
Curci John A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The position of the gastroesophageal junction is maintained by a complex of fibroelastic ligaments. The purpose of this study was to characterize and compare the histology of these ligaments in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia (HH) versus GERD alone, with emphasis on the elastin morphology. ...
Tsao KuoJen - - 2008
The Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Registry (CDHR) was established to collect data on all infants treated at participating institutions with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) to assess therapy and improve outcome. Since 1995, the CDHR has accumulated data on over 4000 infants. The collective efforts of the CDH Study Group have provided ...
Kendirli Tanil - - 2008
Fungal peritonitis is a rare but serious complication in children on peritoneal dialysis. Clinical presentation of fungal peritonitis is similar to bacterial peritonitis and Candida spp. are the most common agent. Fungal peritonitis has been usually associated with high morbidity, mortality and its treatment is difficult. In this report, we ...
- - 2008
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia often require intensive treatment after birth, have prolonged hospitalizations, and have other congenital anomalies. After discharge from the hospital, they may have long-term sequelae such as respiratory insufficiency, gastroesophageal reflux, poor growth, neurodevelopmental delay, behavior problems, hearing loss, hernia recurrence, and orthopedic deformities. Structured follow-up ...
Brandt Mary L - - 2008
Almost all groin hernias in children are indirect inguinal hernias and occur as a result of incomplete closure of the processus vaginalis. The treatment is repair by high ligation of the hernia sac, which can be done by an open or laparoscopic technique. The contralateral side can be explored by ...
Tseng-Ong Linda - - 2007
Admissions from January 1, 1985, to December 31, 2005, with the diagnosis of infant botulism were reviewed to describe the clinical presentation, course, outcome, and changes related to the availability of botulism immune globulin treatment. Botulism diagnoses were confirmed by the finding of toxin or Clostridium botulinum organisms in stool ...
Underwood Karen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a tertiary care hospital's 30-year experience with the diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of infant botulism in the PICU before and after the availability of Botulism Immune Globulin Intravenous. METHODS: This was a retrospective medical chart review of the 67 patients who had received a diagnosis of infant ...
Bianco María I - - 2008
Nowadays, infant botulism is the most important form of human botulism in some countries. This illness affects infants younger than 52 weeks of age. The infection occurs in the intestinal tract; therefore, ingestion of Clostridium botulinum spores with food is proposed. In some countries, people use chamomile tea as a ...
Ho Reginald T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Differentiating atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) from orthodromic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) can be difficult. The His bundle and atria are activated sequentially over the AV node during entrainment of AVNRT from the ventricle but simultaneously during supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). They are activated in parallel during entrainment of AVRT ...
Costopoulos C - - 2008
Complete androgen insensitivity is a rare X-linked disorder characterised by a female phenotype in a chromosomally male individual. It usually presents at puberty with primary amenorrhoea or as an inguinal mass in a female infant. Treatment includes bilateral orchidectomy and hormone replacement therapy. We present the case of a 31-year-old ...
Clemmens Michael R - - 2007
Infant botulism is a rare cause of hypotonia in young infants. It may present with vague symptoms such as poor feeding and lethargy. We present 4 cases of infant botulism presenting to 2 community hospitals in central Maryland. In each case, poor feeding and lethargy were the chief complaints. One ...
Freeman Jane - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We compared the behaviour of Clostridium difficile PCR ribotypes 001 and 027 in a human gut model, and compared the responses to metronidazole exposure. METHODS: Using a human gut model primed with pooled human faeces, gut flora bacterial counts, C. difficile total viable counts, spore counts and cytotoxin titres ...
Francisco Ann Marie O - - 2007
Since 1992, Human Botulism Immune Globulin has been provided by the California Department of Health Services to infants with probable infant botulism, the intestinal toxemia form of human botulism. Human Botulism Immune Globulin became available in California in 1992-1997 within a randomized, controlled, double-blinded, pivotal clinical trial and subsequently became ...
Hutson John M - - 2007
Cryptorchidism, where either one or both testes fails to migrate to the base of the scrotum, affects 4% to 5% of full-term and 9% to 30% of premature males at birth. The testis can be found in any position along its usual line of descent; however, approximately 80% will be ...
Marulaiah Mohan - - 2006
PURPOSE: Contralateral inguinal exploration has been the preferred approach to preterm infants with unilateral inguinal hernia. There is no literature evidence to justify this. The aim of this prospective study is to analyze the incidence and to determine any risk factors for the development of contralateral metachronous hernia (MH) in ...
Daradka Ibrahim - - 2006
Urologic congenital anomalies are frequently associated with anorectal abnormalities. Vas deferens anomalies in the general population are estimated to be less than 0.05%. Many of the abnormalities can be explained by events in early fetal life. Urosepsis and epididymitis are the usual presenting signs and symptoms in such patients. We ...
Durham Megan M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Spigelian hernias in childhood are rare. Only 24 infants in the English literature have been identified to have spigelian hernias, and 12 of these have been associated with cryptorchidism. Spigelian hernias are more commonly seen in the adult population and are considered to be acquired because they are typically ...
Robertson Daniel J - - 2006
We present the case of a male infant at a gestational age of 41 weeks who presented with a right congenital diaphragmatic hernia. During surgical exploration, right hepatopulmonary fusion was encountered. We review the existing literature on this problem, describe a novel surgical approach, and review the embryology of this ...
Taniguchi Satoshi - - 2006
Impaired collagen subtype proportions in the matrices results in the alteration of tissue tensile strength, and is an underlying cause of adult inguinal hernia formation; however, it remains unclear if this alteration is also responsible for infantile inguinal hernia formation. We correlated the ratios of collagen type I to type ...
Lopez Pedro-Jose - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopy is now the established management for infants with inguinal hernia at our institution. Open inguinal herniotomy in children with bladder exstrophy can be a difficult operation and is associated with a high rate of recurrence (15%). Here, we report our initial experience with laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia ...
Fallani Matteo - - 2006
Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile are pathogenic clostridia potentially associated with gastrointestinal infections and allergy in infants. To enable the molecular detection and quantification of these species in the infant gut, two 16S rRNA oligonucleotide probes were developed: Cdif198 for C. difficile and Cperf191 for C. perfringens. We defined the ...
Rönnholm Kai A R - - 2006
The need for maintenance dialysis for infants is rare, but peritoneal dialysis has been the modality of choice in cases of end-stage renal failure, for technical reasons. Problems include higher mortality rates and an inferior long-term outcome compared with that in older children. Also, no internationally accepted guidelines exist for ...
Marin Jennifer - - 2006
A 4-month-old infant with trisomy 21 is brought to the emergency department for breathing difficulty. Subsequently, he is diagnosed with a Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia. Tachypnea in an infant with trisomy 21 may be the result of diagnosis such as congenital heart disease, infectious processes, structural anomalies, or aspiration secondary to ...
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