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Lindberg E - - 2010
Clin Microbiol Infect ABSTRACT: In recent years, Staphylococcus aureus has become a common bowel colonizer in Swedish infants. We aimed to identify host factors that determine such colonization. Stool samples from 100 Italian and 100 Swedish infants were obtained on seven occasions during the first year of life and cultured ...
Singh Sunita - - 2010
Rectal prolapse is common in infants and children. It should initially be managed conservatively, as prolapse often resolves with the growth of the child. We encountered an 8-month-old infant with complete rectal prolapse associated with pararectal herniation of ileum between the 2 walls of the prolapsed rectum. This rare event ...
Lautz Timothy B - - 2011
To determine the incidence of inguinal hernia in premature neonates and identify risk factors for incarceration. The 2003 and 2006 Kids' Inpatient Databases were queried for diagnoses indicative of premature birth and inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernia was diagnosed during the birth hospitalization in 1463 ± 87 of 49 273 ± ...
Hutson John M - - 2010
Cryptorchidism is a very common anomaly of the male genitalia, affecting 2%-4% of male infants and is more common in premature infants. There are two separate stages of testicular descent. The first stage occurs at 8-15 weeks' gestation in the human fetus and is characterized by enlargement of the genito-inguinal ...
Bradley Tabetha - - 2010
Intrathoracic gastric volvulus associated with neonatal paraesophageal hernia is very rare in the newborn period. We report a case of a 3-week-old term infant who presented to the hospital with a history of non-bilious vomiting. Workup for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis eventually revealed the presence of a congenital hiatal hernia and ...
Turial S - - 2010
We report the clinical, operative, and outcome results in 58 premature infants (with maximum weight of 5,000 g at time of surgery) undergoing laparoscopic herniorrhaphy. This study was designed as a prospective, non-randomized single center feasibility study. The inclusion criteria were: symptomatic inguinal hernia, gestational age up to 37 weeks ...
Steigman Shaun A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Engineered tendon grafts have been shown, experimentally, to be promising alternatives for partial diaphragmatic replacement. This study was aimed at determining the cellularity, extracellular matrix composition, and biomechanical characteristics of the diaphragmatic tendon in infants and children to be used as a reference for proper diaphragmatic graft engineering. METHODS: ...
Kassim Z Z Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, King's College, London, - - 2011
Measurement of the diaphragm electromyogram (EMGdi) elicited by phrenic nerve stimulation could be useful to assess neonates suffering from respiratory distress due to diaphragm dysfunction, as observed in infants with abdominal wall defects (AWD) or congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The study aims were to assess the feasibility of recording EMGdi ...
Steven Mairi - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review our management of neonatal inguinal hernias in premature infants over a 5-year period to ascertain any change in practice. METHODS: Premature infants who underwent inguinal herniotomy between 2002 and 2006 were identified. Case notes were analyzed recording patient demographics, primary side, ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2011
Objectives: To evaluate if fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) using a 1.0-mm fetoscope improves neonatal outcome. Method: Between January 2006 and December 2008, a controlled study was conducted at a single center in which FETO was proposed for fetuses with severe isolated CDH (lung-to-head ...
Fayoux Pierre - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report postnatal tracheal changes after in utero fetoscopic balloon tracheal occlusion in severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary care center, CDH National Reference Center. PATIENTS: Seven consecutive newborn infants with severe CDH who underwent fetoscopic balloon tracheal occlusion. INTERVENTIONS: Flexible laryngotracheoscopy and histological aspect ...
Koski Michelle E - - 2010
PURPOSE: Infant hydroceles that are communicating by history (fluctuation in size) or examination (reducible fluid) are often repaired soon after presentation. We have followed a series of infant boys with such hydroceles and reviewed their early natural history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 1998, we have followed 174 infant boys presenting ...
Kumar Surinder - - 2010
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is known to be the chief causative organism for community-acquired non-lobar pneumonia in children of 5-15 years of age. M. pneumoniae as an aetiological agent for pneumonia among neonates and infants has rarely been reported. We report here a case of persistent pneumonia due to M. pneumoniae in ...
Vaos George - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the optimal timing for inguinal herniotomy in premature infants treated in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: A two-institutional-center retrospective study was performed including 41 prematures at gestational age 28-35 weeks who underwent herniotomy within 1 week of diagnosis [short-waiting group ...
Monteagudo Julie - - 2010
Congenital hernias arising in the subcostal region are rare. We describe a case of a former preterm infant, born with congenitally fused right 11th and 12th ribs and a protuberant mass in the right subcostal region. This mass was associated with a small fascial defect and herniation of abdominal contents. ...
Kamath Beena D - - 2010
Newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia frequently have catecholamine-unresponsive systemic hypotension and respiratory failure. We found that adrenal insufficiency frequently complicates the clinical course of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and was associated with increased severity of illness.
Reiss I - - 2010
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. To date, there are no standardized protocols for the treatment of infants with this anomaly. However, protocols based on the literature and expert opinion might improve outcome. This paper is a consensus statement from the CDH EURO Consortium prepared ...
Park J - - 2010
Amyand's hernia is a rare presentation of an appendix within an inguinal hernia sac. It is commonly mistaken for an incarcerated or strangulated hernia. Prompt diagnosis requires awareness of this entity, as well as associated radiologic findings on computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound. Treatment includes antibiotics and surgical intervention involving ...
Barash Jason R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Because Clostridium botulinum was isolated from powdered infant formula (PIF) fed to an infant in the United Kingdom who subsequently developed infant botulism and from unopened PIF from the same manufacturer, we tested PIF manufactured in the United States for the presence of clostridial spores. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty PIF ...
Pisanti R - - 2009
Botulism is the acute, flaccid paralysis caused by a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. In the infant, clinical symptoms are usually unspecific such as poor feeding, weak suck, feeble cry, drooling, followed by a symmetric, descending, flaccid paralysis beginning with the cranial nerve musculature. The initial symptoms of the disease ...
Lúquez Carolina - - 2010
Clostridium botulinum type E has been associated with botulism in adults but never in infants. Infant botulism type E cases have been associated with neurotoxigenic strains of C. butyricum. We report the first infant botulism case due to C. botulinum type E worldwide.
McHugh Kieran - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) is a promising treatment for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a condition that carries significant morbidity and mortality. It is hypothesised that balloon occlusion of the fetal trachea leads to an improvement in lung growth and development. The major documented complications of FETO to date ...
Eberly Matthew D - - 2009
Infant botulism is an exceedingly rare disease. Because confirmatory laboratory testing is not available for several days after time of presentation, infant botulism remains a clinical diagnosis. The authors demonstrate how raised intraocular pressure may provide an additional clinical clue to making the diagnosis.
Quiambao Beatriz P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical algorithm that can be used to identify pneumonia deaths in young infants in developing countries and estimate the disease burden in this population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Infants younger than 60 days hospitalized with signs of severe pneumonia who underwent clinical, microbiologic and radiological evaluation were ...
Rehman M R - - 2010
Amyand's hernia is a rare type of hernia in which the appendix is found in the inguinal canal. A case of an 8-week-old boy who was diagnosed and managed laparoscopically is presented. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of emergency laparoscopic surgery for an Amyand's hernia in ...
O'Reilly Eamon B - - 2009
We report a case of infant botulism presenting as primary colonic ileus--mimicking Hirschprung's megacolon. Infant botulism should be considered in any infant with constipation and neurologic abnormalities.
Bianco M I MI Area Microbiología, Departamento de Patología, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Centro Universitario, Parque General San Martín S/N, Mendoza, - - 2009
Infant botulism is an intestinal toxemia caused principally by Clostridium botulinum. Since the infection occurs in the intestinal tract, numerous food products have been investigated for the presence of C. botulinum and its neurotoxins. In many countries, people use linden flower (Tilia spp) tea as a household remedy and give ...
Kanojia R P - - 2010
Bilateral Morgagni's hernia is rare in infants. We report a rare case of bilateral anterio-medial defect in the diaphragm in a 5-month-old infant presenting with recurrent respiratory tract infection. He had two adjacent accessory hepatic lobes which, presumably, had embryologically caused the defect. He also had secondary herniation of the ...
Peredo Dawn E - - 2009
Hypotonia is characterized by reduced resistance to passive range of motion in joints versus weakness, which is a reduction in the maximum muscle power that can be generated. (Dubowitz, 1985; Crawford, 1992; Martin, 2005) Based on strong research evidence, central hypotonia accounts for 60% to 80% of cases of hypotonia, ...
Grant Kathie A - - 2009
Infant botulism is a rare disease in the UK, with the first case being recognized in 1978 and only five subsequent cases being reported before 2007. This study reports two unlinked cases of infant botulism, caused by two distinct strains of Clostridium botulinum (toxin types A and B, respectively), that ...
Hennelly Kara - - 2011
Inguinal masses are a common finding among infants. The differential diagnosis of these masses in infants is broad, with inguinal hernia being the most common diagnosis in both males and females. However, the evaluation and management of males vs. females with inguinal masses is somewhat different due to the greater ...
Burgu Berk - - 2010
Posterior urethral valves are a common obstructive uropathy causing severe hydroureteronephrosis. Ureteral herniation is very rare and often misdiagnosed. We report a male infant with posterior urethral valves who had increased persistent hydronephrosis despite prior successful ablation. Further examination revealed a paraperitoneal inguinal ureter herniation to be responsible for the ...
Suk E H - - 2009
This study evaluated the effects of the reverse Trendelenburg position and additional inguinal compression on the cross-sectional area of the femoral vein in paediatric patients. Seventy subjects were allocated to two groups: the infants group and the children group. Cross-sectional area of the femoral vein was measured just below the ...
Patural Hugues - - 2009
Three infants presenting with severe cases of infantile botulism, occurring at 17, 30, and 180 days of life, respectively, are described in this report. All three infants presented with areflexive flaccid coma or apnoeas requiring prolonged ventilation. In serum, type B botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT/B) was detected in two cases and ...
Stevens Timothy P - - 2009
The goal of the study was to test the hypothesis that infants with known congenital diaphragmatic hernias born at early term gestation (37-38 weeks) rather than later (39-41 weeks) had greater survival rates and less extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use. Primary outcomes were survival to hospital discharge or transfer and extracorporeal ...
Panda Britta - - 2009
Intrathoracic renal ectopia as a result of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare congenital anomaly. We present a case in which the prenatal diagnosis of an ectopic intrathoracic kidney was made on routine anatomical survey at 28 weeks' gestation. Color doppler sonography imaging revealed the renal artery coursing ...
Fenicia Lucia - - 2009
Infant botulism is a rare disease that affects infant less than 12 months of age. The illness results from absorption of botulinum toxin produced in situ by neurotoxigenic clostridia that can temporarily colonize the intestinal tract of infants. To date, all inhabited continents except Africa have reported cases of infant ...
Paerregaard A - - 2008
A 4.5 months old, previously healthy Danish girl was admitted to a paediatric department after six days of passive behaviour and weak suck. Over the next days she became increasingly weak, developed bilateral ptosis, the muscle stretch reflexes were lost, and mydriasis with slow pupillary responses was noted. Botulism was ...
David Osifo Osarumwense - - 2009
The diagnosis of appendicitis is challenging in neonates and infants due to the unspecific clinical signs and symptoms, presence of many differentials and inability to elicit history from a preverbal child. Gangrenous retrocolic appendix mimicking incarcerated umbilical hernia is rare. Consequently, the correct diagnosis of a gangrenous retrocolic appendix in ...
Domingo Rose M - - 2008
Infant botulism is a cause for significant pediatric morbidity in the United States, though early recognition and supportive care can greatly improve clinical outcomes. Since the approval of human botulism immune globulin by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of infant botulism in 2003, the ...
Baldassarre E - - 2009
Amyand's hernia (AH) is the presence of a normal or inflamed vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac. This condition is unusual in neonates and in infants, and it has not been described in premature twins. We present two 32-day-old biovular twins with a right AH, treated with sparing of ...
Kinugasa Yusuke - - 2008
Semi-serial sections from the lumbosacral region of nine fetuses (8-25 weeks gestation) were examined to clarify the lumbar prevertebral fascial arrangement. The prevertebral fasciae became evident after 12 weeks of age. After 20 weeks of age, the hypogastric nerve (HGN) was sandwiched by two fascial structures; the ventral fascia which ...
Fathalla Waseem M - - 2008
We report on a 3-month-old girl with culture-confirmed infant botulism caused by a rare double toxin-producing Clostridium botulinum type Ba. This case was not related to honey-feeding. The clinical course was prolonged, with minimal spontaneous improvement at onset, and a period of fluctuating motor weakness and nasogastric feeding dependence afterward. ...
Jedrzejewski Grzegorz - - 2008
Hernia of the canal of Nuck is a rare condition occurring in female infants. The canal of Nuck is a portion of the processus vaginalis of the peritoneum within the inguinal canal. The processus vaginalis is an evagination of parietal peritoneum of the embryonic lower anterior abdominal wall that passes ...
Shariff Faiz U - - 2008
This case report illustrates an unexpected advantage of using the laparoscopic approach for inguinal hernia repair in infants. In this paper, we report an infant referred to us with a diagnosis of an irreducible left inguinal hernia. He presented with a 1-day history of bilious vomiting and poor weight gain ...
Curci John A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The position of the gastroesophageal junction is maintained by a complex of fibroelastic ligaments. The purpose of this study was to characterize and compare the histology of these ligaments in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia (HH) versus GERD alone, with emphasis on the elastin morphology. ...
Tsao KuoJen - - 2008
The Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Registry (CDHR) was established to collect data on all infants treated at participating institutions with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) to assess therapy and improve outcome. Since 1995, the CDHR has accumulated data on over 4000 infants. The collective efforts of the CDH Study Group have provided ...
Kendirli Tanil - - 2008
Fungal peritonitis is a rare but serious complication in children on peritoneal dialysis. Clinical presentation of fungal peritonitis is similar to bacterial peritonitis and Candida spp. are the most common agent. Fungal peritonitis has been usually associated with high morbidity, mortality and its treatment is difficult. In this report, we ...
- - 2008
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia often require intensive treatment after birth, have prolonged hospitalizations, and have other congenital anomalies. After discharge from the hospital, they may have long-term sequelae such as respiratory insufficiency, gastroesophageal reflux, poor growth, neurodevelopmental delay, behavior problems, hearing loss, hernia recurrence, and orthopedic deformities. Structured follow-up ...
Brandt Mary L - - 2008
Almost all groin hernias in children are indirect inguinal hernias and occur as a result of incomplete closure of the processus vaginalis. The treatment is repair by high ligation of the hernia sac, which can be done by an open or laparoscopic technique. The contralateral side can be explored by ...
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