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Bishay Mark - - 2012
Our aim was to determine incidence, severity, and outcome, as well as predisposing factors and underlying diagnoses, of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) in surgical infants requiring long-term parenteral nutrition (PN). We retrospectively studied surgical infants receiving PN for at least 28 days for congenital or acquired intestinal anomalies over ...
Ghionzoli Marco - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate (1) the predictive value of fetal bowel dilatation (FBD) for intestinal atresia in gastroschisis and (2) the postnatal management and outcome of this condition. A retrospective review of all gastroschisis cases diagnosed in our fetal medicine unit between 1992 and 2010 and ...
Cilieborg Malene S - - 2012
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) develops in 5-10% of preterm infants in association with enteral feeding and bacterial colonization. It remains unclear how diet and bacteria interact to protect or provoke the immature gastrointestinal tract. Understanding the factors that control bacterial colonization may provide the clue to prevent NEC, and studies in ...
Boykova Marina - - 2012
Research on the phenomenon of transition spans several decades. This article discusses the transition from hospital to home and the challenges parents of preterm infants experience during a neonatal intensive care unit stay and after discharge. The article explores the link between parental problems and rehospitalizations and the need for ...
Denison Stephanie - - 2012
In this chapter, we review empirical evidence in support of infants' ability to make rudimentary probabilistic inferences. A recent surge of research in cognitive developmental psychology examines whether human learners, from infancy through adulthood, reason in ways consistent with Bayesian inference. However, when exploring this question an important first step ...
Smith Birgitte - - 2012
Introduction:The pathophysiology of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is multifactorial, and gastrointestinal bacteria are thought to play an important role. In this study, the role of microflora in the gastrointestinal tract of neonates with NEC was assessed by comparing cases with controls.Results:Of the 163 neonates, 21 developed NEC. The risk of NEC ...
Turroni Francesca - - 2012
The human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) represents one of the most densely populated microbial ecosystems studied to date. Although this microbial consortium has been recognized to have a crucial impact on human health, its precise composition is still subject to intense investigation. Among the GIT microbiota, bifidobacteria represent an important commensal ...
Pop Mihai - - 2012
Simultaneous analysis of the gut microbiome and host gene expression in infants reveals the impact of diet (breastfeeding versus formula) on host-microbiome interactions.
Madan J C - - 2012
Pulmonary damage caused by chronic colonization of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung by microbial communities is the proximal cause of respiratory failure. While there has been an effort to document the microbiome of the CF lung in pediatric and adult patients, little is known regarding the developing microflora in infants. ...
Bozzetti Valentina - - 2012
IUGR infants are thought to have impaired gut function after birth, which may result in intestinal disturbances, ranging from temporary intolerance to the enteral feeding to full-blown NEC.In literature there is no consensus regarding the impact of enteral feeding on intestinal blood flow and hence regarding the best regimen and ...
Hicks Penni D PD Rice University, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2012
1) To evaluate calcium absorption in infants fed a formula containing prebiotics (PF) and one without prebiotics (CF). 2) To compare calcium absorption from these formulas with a group of human milk-fed (HM) infants. A dual tracer stable isotope method was used to assess calcium absorption in infants exclusively fed ...
Liu Qian - - 2011
  Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen associated with dry infant formula presenting a high risk to low birth weight neonates. The inactivation of C. sakazakii in dry infant formula by ultraviolet (UV) radiation alone and combined with hot water treatment at temperatures of 55, 60, and 65 °C were ...
Ingram Jennifer - - 2011
ObjectiveTo compare the effects of metoclopramide and domperidone on the breast milk output of mothers with infants in neonatal intensive care.DesignDouble-blind randomised controlled trial.SettingTertiary level neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).SampleEighty mothers expressing breast milk for their infants (mean gestational age 28 weeks) based in NICU and the amounts expressed fell ...
Daigavane P S - - 2011
Management of bilateral cleft lip and palate cases is a challenging task, and if the premaxilla is shifted to either side, it poses a problem for the surgeon to operate and also for the orthodontist to do the orthodontic alignment. The aim of this study was to reposition the shifted ...
Oztürk M Adnan - - 2011
Mucormycosis of the intestine is a rare fungal infection of childhood and is mostly encountered in neonates. It is a potentially lethal opportunistic fungal infection with rapid progression and high mortality in immunocompromised patients. The number of reported cases with intestinal mucormycosis is 19 to date. We herein report an ...
Joolay Y - - 2011
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is an gastro-intestinal emergency occurring almost solely in preterm, low birth weight infants. Mortality, morbidity and the complication rate are high. An increase in NEC at the Groote Schuur Hospital nursery in 2008 prompted a change of practice, resulting in a significant decrease in the condition.
Sykes Joseph - - 2011
: To report a case of lobar emphysema in an infant who had a congenital diaphragmatic hernia that was surgically repaired at birth. : Case report. : Pediatric critical care unit in a tertiary care hospital. : A 9-month-old infant who had massive hyperinflation of the right lung and respiratory ...
Mohan Sowmya S - - 2011
Prematurity is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality globally. Over the years, however, advances in medicine and technology have enhanced the ability to care for babies at very early gestations. There has also been a shift in the distribution of births away from term/post-term gestations and ...
Castle Shannon L - - 2011
We present a case of a neonate with VACTERL-like association, with the VACTERL association defined as the non-random association of vertebral, anal, cardiac, esophageal, renal/kidney, and limb defects, as manifested by a hemivertebra, imperforate anus, and digit anomalies, in rare association with duodenal atresia and right-sided diaphragmatic hernia. This constellation ...
Berger Sarah E - - 2011
This research examined the development of handedness and footedness in infancy. We measured footedness by documenting the limb infants used to "lead-out" as they crawled or walked down a path several times. We measured handedness by documenting the hand infants used to reach for a goal at the end of ...
Di Nardo Matteo - - 2011
Purpose: Recent reports suggest that ultrasound-guided central venous cannulation may also be safe and effective in infants. This study aimed to evaluate the success and complications rate of this technique in infants weighing less than 5 kg. Methods: We studied 45 infants, weighing less than 5 kg (mean weight: 2.9 ...
Cheng I - - 2011
  Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease and is lethal in premature neonates. A male premature neonate born at gestational 33 weeks presented with generalized vesicles, hydrops fetalis with pleural effusion, bilateral cataracts, and severe respiratory distress syndrome complicated with persistent pulmonary hypertension. Skin biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of Langerhans ...
Nayak Dinesh M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the composition of non pathogenic microflora (NPM) and pathogenic microflora (PM) and the assessment of factors affecting their colonization in the oropharynx. METHODS: Oropharyngeal swabs were obtained from 464 infants, aged 15 days to I year, with or without clinical signs and symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection ...
Haxhija Emir Q - - 2011
PURPOSE: Colonic atresia is a rare cause of congenital intestinal obstruction in the neonate. A review of the management and outcome of children with colonic atresia was performed. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the complete records of children treated for colonic atresia during the 30-year period. RESULTS: A total of ...
Theyskens Claire - - 2011
Subcapsular rupture of the liver is a rare and usually lethal complication in preterm infants. A multidisciplinary approach is warranted to achieve the best possible outcome for these children.
Claas Marieke J - - 2011
Our objectives were to describe the obstetric complications of women who delivered an extremely low-birth-weight infant by comparing two consecutive 5-year periods and infants appropriate for gestational age (AGA) versus infants small for gestational age (SGA). This descriptive study included women ( N = 261) who delivered an infant ≤750 ...
Costner Brian J - - 2011
A case of a very low birthweight premature infant with a clinical presentation of necrotising enterocolitis that was found to have malrotation and midgut volvulus at autopsy is presented.
Hagmann C F - - 2011
Perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy occurs in 1 per 1000 live births and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Therapeutic hypothermia increases intact survival and improves neurodevelopmental outcome in survivors. To evaluate (i) the opinion and practice of therapeutic hypothermia as a therapy for moderate to severe perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy amongst ...
El-Essawy Rania - - 2011
To determine the effectiveness and possible side effects of using propranolol for the treatment of orbital and periorbital infantile hemangiomas. Infants with periorbital or orbital hemangiomas who had not received either local or systemic corticosteroids were recruited. The changes in tumor size, color, and texture, and any side effects of ...
Rousseau Clotilde - - 2011
Clostridium difficile is a major enteric pathogen responsible for antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Host susceptibility to C. difficile infections results partly from inability of the intestinal microbiota to resist C. difficile colonization. During early infancy, asymptomatic colonization by C. difficile is common and the intestinal microbiota shows low complexity. Thus, we investigated ...
Alves Carla Ismirna Santos - - 2010
To describe the maturational development of 20 (aged 32-36 weeks) premature newborns (PNBs) without clinical or neurological complications from birth until term. The Saint-Anne Dargassies Scale was applied every two weeks until the age of 37 weeks. The PNBs showed normal Apgar and the growth in head circumference was adequate ...
May Meryta L A - - 2010
We report the first Australian case of treatment of infant botulism with a human botulinum antitoxin developed in the United States by the California Department of Public Health. Our patient's clinical improvement was rapid, and although the product is expensive, cost-analysis supports the economical viability of its use. In future ...
Lindberg E - - 2010
Clin Microbiol Infect ABSTRACT: In recent years, Staphylococcus aureus has become a common bowel colonizer in Swedish infants. We aimed to identify host factors that determine such colonization. Stool samples from 100 Italian and 100 Swedish infants were obtained on seven occasions during the first year of life and cultured ...
Singh Sunita - - 2010
Rectal prolapse is common in infants and children. It should initially be managed conservatively, as prolapse often resolves with the growth of the child. We encountered an 8-month-old infant with complete rectal prolapse associated with pararectal herniation of ileum between the 2 walls of the prolapsed rectum. This rare event ...
Lautz Timothy B - - 2011
To determine the incidence of inguinal hernia in premature neonates and identify risk factors for incarceration. The 2003 and 2006 Kids' Inpatient Databases were queried for diagnoses indicative of premature birth and inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernia was diagnosed during the birth hospitalization in 1463 ± 87 of 49 273 ± ...
Hutson John M - - 2010
Cryptorchidism is a very common anomaly of the male genitalia, affecting 2%-4% of male infants and is more common in premature infants. There are two separate stages of testicular descent. The first stage occurs at 8-15 weeks' gestation in the human fetus and is characterized by enlargement of the genito-inguinal ...
Bradley Tabetha - - 2010
Intrathoracic gastric volvulus associated with neonatal paraesophageal hernia is very rare in the newborn period. We report a case of a 3-week-old term infant who presented to the hospital with a history of non-bilious vomiting. Workup for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis eventually revealed the presence of a congenital hiatal hernia and ...
Turial S - - 2010
We report the clinical, operative, and outcome results in 58 premature infants (with maximum weight of 5,000 g at time of surgery) undergoing laparoscopic herniorrhaphy. This study was designed as a prospective, non-randomized single center feasibility study. The inclusion criteria were: symptomatic inguinal hernia, gestational age up to 37 weeks ...
Steigman Shaun A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Engineered tendon grafts have been shown, experimentally, to be promising alternatives for partial diaphragmatic replacement. This study was aimed at determining the cellularity, extracellular matrix composition, and biomechanical characteristics of the diaphragmatic tendon in infants and children to be used as a reference for proper diaphragmatic graft engineering. METHODS: ...
Kassim Z Z Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, King's College, London, - - 2011
Measurement of the diaphragm electromyogram (EMGdi) elicited by phrenic nerve stimulation could be useful to assess neonates suffering from respiratory distress due to diaphragm dysfunction, as observed in infants with abdominal wall defects (AWD) or congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The study aims were to assess the feasibility of recording EMGdi ...
Steven Mairi - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review our management of neonatal inguinal hernias in premature infants over a 5-year period to ascertain any change in practice. METHODS: Premature infants who underwent inguinal herniotomy between 2002 and 2006 were identified. Case notes were analyzed recording patient demographics, primary side, ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2011
Objectives: To evaluate if fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) using a 1.0-mm fetoscope improves neonatal outcome. Method: Between January 2006 and December 2008, a controlled study was conducted at a single center in which FETO was proposed for fetuses with severe isolated CDH (lung-to-head ...
Fayoux Pierre - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report postnatal tracheal changes after in utero fetoscopic balloon tracheal occlusion in severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary care center, CDH National Reference Center. PATIENTS: Seven consecutive newborn infants with severe CDH who underwent fetoscopic balloon tracheal occlusion. INTERVENTIONS: Flexible laryngotracheoscopy and histological aspect ...
Koski Michelle E - - 2010
PURPOSE: Infant hydroceles that are communicating by history (fluctuation in size) or examination (reducible fluid) are often repaired soon after presentation. We have followed a series of infant boys with such hydroceles and reviewed their early natural history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 1998, we have followed 174 infant boys presenting ...
Kumar Surinder - - 2010
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is known to be the chief causative organism for community-acquired non-lobar pneumonia in children of 5-15 years of age. M. pneumoniae as an aetiological agent for pneumonia among neonates and infants has rarely been reported. We report here a case of persistent pneumonia due to M. pneumoniae in ...
Vaos George - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the optimal timing for inguinal herniotomy in premature infants treated in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: A two-institutional-center retrospective study was performed including 41 prematures at gestational age 28-35 weeks who underwent herniotomy within 1 week of diagnosis [short-waiting group ...
Monteagudo Julie - - 2010
Congenital hernias arising in the subcostal region are rare. We describe a case of a former preterm infant, born with congenitally fused right 11th and 12th ribs and a protuberant mass in the right subcostal region. This mass was associated with a small fascial defect and herniation of abdominal contents. ...
Kamath Beena D - - 2010
Newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia frequently have catecholamine-unresponsive systemic hypotension and respiratory failure. We found that adrenal insufficiency frequently complicates the clinical course of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and was associated with increased severity of illness.
Reiss I - - 2010
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. To date, there are no standardized protocols for the treatment of infants with this anomaly. However, protocols based on the literature and expert opinion might improve outcome. This paper is a consensus statement from the CDH EURO Consortium prepared ...
Park J - - 2010
Amyand's hernia is a rare presentation of an appendix within an inguinal hernia sac. It is commonly mistaken for an incarcerated or strangulated hernia. Prompt diagnosis requires awareness of this entity, as well as associated radiologic findings on computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound. Treatment includes antibiotics and surgical intervention involving ...
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