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Hicks Penni D PD Rice University, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2012
1) To evaluate calcium absorption in infants fed a formula containing prebiotics (PF) and one without prebiotics (CF). 2) To compare calcium absorption from these formulas with a group of human milk-fed (HM) infants. A dual tracer stable isotope method was used to assess calcium absorption in infants exclusively fed ...
Liu Qian - - 2011
  Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen associated with dry infant formula presenting a high risk to low birth weight neonates. The inactivation of C. sakazakii in dry infant formula by ultraviolet (UV) radiation alone and combined with hot water treatment at temperatures of 55, 60, and 65 °C were ...
Ingram Jennifer - - 2011
ObjectiveTo compare the effects of metoclopramide and domperidone on the breast milk output of mothers with infants in neonatal intensive care.DesignDouble-blind randomised controlled trial.SettingTertiary level neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).SampleEighty mothers expressing breast milk for their infants (mean gestational age 28 weeks) based in NICU and the amounts expressed fell ...
Daigavane P S - - 2011
Management of bilateral cleft lip and palate cases is a challenging task, and if the premaxilla is shifted to either side, it poses a problem for the surgeon to operate and also for the orthodontist to do the orthodontic alignment. The aim of this study was to reposition the shifted ...
Oztürk M Adnan - - 2011
Mucormycosis of the intestine is a rare fungal infection of childhood and is mostly encountered in neonates. It is a potentially lethal opportunistic fungal infection with rapid progression and high mortality in immunocompromised patients. The number of reported cases with intestinal mucormycosis is 19 to date. We herein report an ...
Joolay Y - - 2011
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is an gastro-intestinal emergency occurring almost solely in preterm, low birth weight infants. Mortality, morbidity and the complication rate are high. An increase in NEC at the Groote Schuur Hospital nursery in 2008 prompted a change of practice, resulting in a significant decrease in the condition.
Sykes Joseph - - 2011
: To report a case of lobar emphysema in an infant who had a congenital diaphragmatic hernia that was surgically repaired at birth. : Case report. : Pediatric critical care unit in a tertiary care hospital. : A 9-month-old infant who had massive hyperinflation of the right lung and respiratory ...
Mohan Sowmya S - - 2011
Prematurity is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality globally. Over the years, however, advances in medicine and technology have enhanced the ability to care for babies at very early gestations. There has also been a shift in the distribution of births away from term/post-term gestations and ...
Castle Shannon L - - 2011
We present a case of a neonate with VACTERL-like association, with the VACTERL association defined as the non-random association of vertebral, anal, cardiac, esophageal, renal/kidney, and limb defects, as manifested by a hemivertebra, imperforate anus, and digit anomalies, in rare association with duodenal atresia and right-sided diaphragmatic hernia. This constellation ...
Berger Sarah E - - 2011
This research examined the development of handedness and footedness in infancy. We measured footedness by documenting the limb infants used to "lead-out" as they crawled or walked down a path several times. We measured handedness by documenting the hand infants used to reach for a goal at the end of ...
Di Nardo Matteo - - 2011
Purpose: Recent reports suggest that ultrasound-guided central venous cannulation may also be safe and effective in infants. This study aimed to evaluate the success and complications rate of this technique in infants weighing less than 5 kg. Methods: We studied 45 infants, weighing less than 5 kg (mean weight: 2.9 ...
Cheng I - - 2011
  Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease and is lethal in premature neonates. A male premature neonate born at gestational 33 weeks presented with generalized vesicles, hydrops fetalis with pleural effusion, bilateral cataracts, and severe respiratory distress syndrome complicated with persistent pulmonary hypertension. Skin biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of Langerhans ...
Nayak Dinesh M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the composition of non pathogenic microflora (NPM) and pathogenic microflora (PM) and the assessment of factors affecting their colonization in the oropharynx. METHODS: Oropharyngeal swabs were obtained from 464 infants, aged 15 days to I year, with or without clinical signs and symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection ...
Haxhija Emir Q - - 2011
PURPOSE: Colonic atresia is a rare cause of congenital intestinal obstruction in the neonate. A review of the management and outcome of children with colonic atresia was performed. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the complete records of children treated for colonic atresia during the 30-year period. RESULTS: A total of ...
Theyskens Claire - - 2011
Subcapsular rupture of the liver is a rare and usually lethal complication in preterm infants. A multidisciplinary approach is warranted to achieve the best possible outcome for these children.
Claas Marieke J - - 2011
Our objectives were to describe the obstetric complications of women who delivered an extremely low-birth-weight infant by comparing two consecutive 5-year periods and infants appropriate for gestational age (AGA) versus infants small for gestational age (SGA). This descriptive study included women ( N = 261) who delivered an infant ≤750 ...
Costner Brian J - - 2011
A case of a very low birthweight premature infant with a clinical presentation of necrotising enterocolitis that was found to have malrotation and midgut volvulus at autopsy is presented.
Hagmann C F - - 2011
Perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy occurs in 1 per 1000 live births and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Therapeutic hypothermia increases intact survival and improves neurodevelopmental outcome in survivors. To evaluate (i) the opinion and practice of therapeutic hypothermia as a therapy for moderate to severe perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy amongst ...
El-Essawy Rania - - 2011
To determine the effectiveness and possible side effects of using propranolol for the treatment of orbital and periorbital infantile hemangiomas. Infants with periorbital or orbital hemangiomas who had not received either local or systemic corticosteroids were recruited. The changes in tumor size, color, and texture, and any side effects of ...
Rousseau Clotilde - - 2011
Clostridium difficile is a major enteric pathogen responsible for antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Host susceptibility to C. difficile infections results partly from inability of the intestinal microbiota to resist C. difficile colonization. During early infancy, asymptomatic colonization by C. difficile is common and the intestinal microbiota shows low complexity. Thus, we investigated ...
Alves Carla Ismirna Santos - - 2010
To describe the maturational development of 20 (aged 32-36 weeks) premature newborns (PNBs) without clinical or neurological complications from birth until term. The Saint-Anne Dargassies Scale was applied every two weeks until the age of 37 weeks. The PNBs showed normal Apgar and the growth in head circumference was adequate ...
May Meryta L A - - 2010
We report the first Australian case of treatment of infant botulism with a human botulinum antitoxin developed in the United States by the California Department of Public Health. Our patient's clinical improvement was rapid, and although the product is expensive, cost-analysis supports the economical viability of its use. In future ...
Lindberg E - - 2010
Clin Microbiol Infect ABSTRACT: In recent years, Staphylococcus aureus has become a common bowel colonizer in Swedish infants. We aimed to identify host factors that determine such colonization. Stool samples from 100 Italian and 100 Swedish infants were obtained on seven occasions during the first year of life and cultured ...
Singh Sunita - - 2010
Rectal prolapse is common in infants and children. It should initially be managed conservatively, as prolapse often resolves with the growth of the child. We encountered an 8-month-old infant with complete rectal prolapse associated with pararectal herniation of ileum between the 2 walls of the prolapsed rectum. This rare event ...
Lautz Timothy B - - 2011
To determine the incidence of inguinal hernia in premature neonates and identify risk factors for incarceration. The 2003 and 2006 Kids' Inpatient Databases were queried for diagnoses indicative of premature birth and inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernia was diagnosed during the birth hospitalization in 1463 ± 87 of 49 273 ± ...
Hutson John M - - 2010
Cryptorchidism is a very common anomaly of the male genitalia, affecting 2%-4% of male infants and is more common in premature infants. There are two separate stages of testicular descent. The first stage occurs at 8-15 weeks' gestation in the human fetus and is characterized by enlargement of the genito-inguinal ...
Bradley Tabetha - - 2010
Intrathoracic gastric volvulus associated with neonatal paraesophageal hernia is very rare in the newborn period. We report a case of a 3-week-old term infant who presented to the hospital with a history of non-bilious vomiting. Workup for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis eventually revealed the presence of a congenital hiatal hernia and ...
Turial S - - 2010
We report the clinical, operative, and outcome results in 58 premature infants (with maximum weight of 5,000 g at time of surgery) undergoing laparoscopic herniorrhaphy. This study was designed as a prospective, non-randomized single center feasibility study. The inclusion criteria were: symptomatic inguinal hernia, gestational age up to 37 weeks ...
Steigman Shaun A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Engineered tendon grafts have been shown, experimentally, to be promising alternatives for partial diaphragmatic replacement. This study was aimed at determining the cellularity, extracellular matrix composition, and biomechanical characteristics of the diaphragmatic tendon in infants and children to be used as a reference for proper diaphragmatic graft engineering. METHODS: ...
Kassim Z Z Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, King's College, London, - - 2011
Measurement of the diaphragm electromyogram (EMGdi) elicited by phrenic nerve stimulation could be useful to assess neonates suffering from respiratory distress due to diaphragm dysfunction, as observed in infants with abdominal wall defects (AWD) or congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The study aims were to assess the feasibility of recording EMGdi ...
Steven Mairi - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review our management of neonatal inguinal hernias in premature infants over a 5-year period to ascertain any change in practice. METHODS: Premature infants who underwent inguinal herniotomy between 2002 and 2006 were identified. Case notes were analyzed recording patient demographics, primary side, ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2011
Objectives: To evaluate if fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) using a 1.0-mm fetoscope improves neonatal outcome. Method: Between January 2006 and December 2008, a controlled study was conducted at a single center in which FETO was proposed for fetuses with severe isolated CDH (lung-to-head ...
Fayoux Pierre - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report postnatal tracheal changes after in utero fetoscopic balloon tracheal occlusion in severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary care center, CDH National Reference Center. PATIENTS: Seven consecutive newborn infants with severe CDH who underwent fetoscopic balloon tracheal occlusion. INTERVENTIONS: Flexible laryngotracheoscopy and histological aspect ...
Koski Michelle E - - 2010
PURPOSE: Infant hydroceles that are communicating by history (fluctuation in size) or examination (reducible fluid) are often repaired soon after presentation. We have followed a series of infant boys with such hydroceles and reviewed their early natural history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 1998, we have followed 174 infant boys presenting ...
Kumar Surinder - - 2010
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is known to be the chief causative organism for community-acquired non-lobar pneumonia in children of 5-15 years of age. M. pneumoniae as an aetiological agent for pneumonia among neonates and infants has rarely been reported. We report here a case of persistent pneumonia due to M. pneumoniae in ...
Vaos George - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the optimal timing for inguinal herniotomy in premature infants treated in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: A two-institutional-center retrospective study was performed including 41 prematures at gestational age 28-35 weeks who underwent herniotomy within 1 week of diagnosis [short-waiting group ...
Monteagudo Julie - - 2010
Congenital hernias arising in the subcostal region are rare. We describe a case of a former preterm infant, born with congenitally fused right 11th and 12th ribs and a protuberant mass in the right subcostal region. This mass was associated with a small fascial defect and herniation of abdominal contents. ...
Kamath Beena D - - 2010
Newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia frequently have catecholamine-unresponsive systemic hypotension and respiratory failure. We found that adrenal insufficiency frequently complicates the clinical course of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and was associated with increased severity of illness.
Reiss I - - 2010
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. To date, there are no standardized protocols for the treatment of infants with this anomaly. However, protocols based on the literature and expert opinion might improve outcome. This paper is a consensus statement from the CDH EURO Consortium prepared ...
Park J - - 2010
Amyand's hernia is a rare presentation of an appendix within an inguinal hernia sac. It is commonly mistaken for an incarcerated or strangulated hernia. Prompt diagnosis requires awareness of this entity, as well as associated radiologic findings on computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound. Treatment includes antibiotics and surgical intervention involving ...
Barash Jason R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Because Clostridium botulinum was isolated from powdered infant formula (PIF) fed to an infant in the United Kingdom who subsequently developed infant botulism and from unopened PIF from the same manufacturer, we tested PIF manufactured in the United States for the presence of clostridial spores. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty PIF ...
Pisanti R - - 2009
Botulism is the acute, flaccid paralysis caused by a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. In the infant, clinical symptoms are usually unspecific such as poor feeding, weak suck, feeble cry, drooling, followed by a symmetric, descending, flaccid paralysis beginning with the cranial nerve musculature. The initial symptoms of the disease ...
Lúquez Carolina - - 2010
Clostridium botulinum type E has been associated with botulism in adults but never in infants. Infant botulism type E cases have been associated with neurotoxigenic strains of C. butyricum. We report the first infant botulism case due to C. botulinum type E worldwide.
McHugh Kieran - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) is a promising treatment for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a condition that carries significant morbidity and mortality. It is hypothesised that balloon occlusion of the fetal trachea leads to an improvement in lung growth and development. The major documented complications of FETO to date ...
Eberly Matthew D - - 2009
Infant botulism is an exceedingly rare disease. Because confirmatory laboratory testing is not available for several days after time of presentation, infant botulism remains a clinical diagnosis. The authors demonstrate how raised intraocular pressure may provide an additional clinical clue to making the diagnosis.
Quiambao Beatriz P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical algorithm that can be used to identify pneumonia deaths in young infants in developing countries and estimate the disease burden in this population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Infants younger than 60 days hospitalized with signs of severe pneumonia who underwent clinical, microbiologic and radiological evaluation were ...
Rehman M R - - 2010
Amyand's hernia is a rare type of hernia in which the appendix is found in the inguinal canal. A case of an 8-week-old boy who was diagnosed and managed laparoscopically is presented. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of emergency laparoscopic surgery for an Amyand's hernia in ...
O'Reilly Eamon B - - 2009
We report a case of infant botulism presenting as primary colonic ileus--mimicking Hirschprung's megacolon. Infant botulism should be considered in any infant with constipation and neurologic abnormalities.
Bianco M I MI Area Microbiología, Departamento de Patología, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Centro Universitario, Parque General San Martín S/N, Mendoza, - - 2009
Infant botulism is an intestinal toxemia caused principally by Clostridium botulinum. Since the infection occurs in the intestinal tract, numerous food products have been investigated for the presence of C. botulinum and its neurotoxins. In many countries, people use linden flower (Tilia spp) tea as a household remedy and give ...
Kanojia R P - - 2010
Bilateral Morgagni's hernia is rare in infants. We report a rare case of bilateral anterio-medial defect in the diaphragm in a 5-month-old infant presenting with recurrent respiratory tract infection. He had two adjacent accessory hepatic lobes which, presumably, had embryologically caused the defect. He also had secondary herniation of the ...
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